Muscular Skeletal system diseases and disorders

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					Muscular- Skeletal system diseases
         and disorders
          By: Shaina Orbeta
Parts and jobs…
 Function of the parts
• Bones-giving the body shape and holding body up
• Skeletal system- working with the bones to make
  body moves
• Smooth muscles-moving things around the inside
  of the body system
   Job of the muscular-
     skeletal system
• Muscular skeletal system has more than 600
  muscle that are attached to bones. The
  contracting cells of muscles tissues cause your
  bones, which are part of the skeletal system to
• The cause of most human leukemia is unknown. It
  is a kind of cancer in which abnormal white
  blood cells multiply in an uncontrolled manner.
  they interfere with the production of normal
  white blood cells. Leukemia affects the production
  of red blood cells.
      Treatment for leukemia
• deciding which treatment route to go can be
  complicated. The decision is based on the type
  and extent of the disease as well as certain
  features of the leukemia cells. In addition, the
  health of the patient must also be taken into
  account. For example, factors such as age,
  symptoms, and overall health are evaluated to
  determine the best treatment.
• Bursitis is a disorder that causes pain in the body's
  joints. It most commonly affects the shoulder and
  hip joints. It is caused by an inflammation of the
  bursa, small fluid-filled bags that act as lubricating
  surfaces for muscles to move over bones. This
  inflammation usually results from over activity of
  an arm or leg.
       Treatment for bursitis
• The first steps of bursitis treatment are to keep
  pressure off of the affected area, and try to limit
  your activity of that joint. Some individuals
  benefit from placing an elastic bandage (Ace
  wrap) or immobilizing brace around the joint
  until the inflammation subsides. Movement an
  pressure of the inflamed area will only cause
  exacerbation and prolongation on symptoms.
• Osteoporosis is a disease resulting in the loss of
  bone tissue. In osteoporosis, the cancellous bone
  loses calcium, becomes thinner, and may disappear
• A sprain is an injury to a ligament or to the
  tissue that covers a joint. Most sprains result
  from a sudden wrench that stretches or tears the
  tissues of the ligaments. A sprain is usually
  extremely painful. The injured part often swells
  and turns black and blue.
• Fracture is a broken bone

• There are more than 100 diseases of the joints referred
  to as arthritis. Victims of arthritis suffer pain, stiffness,
  and swelling in their joints. Osteoarthritis, also called
  degenerative joint disease, occurs when a joint wears
  out. Many elderly people have osteoarthritis, and the
  disease may also occur if a joint has been injured many
  times. The joints most frequently affected are those of
  the hands, hips, knees, lower back, and neck
 skeletal system
• For me, the muscular skeletal system is the
  most important system. Muscular skeletal
  system help us move to do some certain
  activities. You cannot moves if you don’t have
  them. But of course, a body also needs all of
  the system.
    Muscular skeletal system is the MOST
        important system because:
   Its 206 bones form a rigid framework to which the softer tissues
    and organs of the body are attached.
   Vital organs are protected by the skeletal system. The brain is
    protected by the surrounding skull as the heart and lungs are
    encased by the sternum and rib cage.
   Bodily movement is carried out by the interaction of the muscular
    and skeletal systems. For this reason, they are often grouped
    together as the musculo-skeletal system. Muscles are connected to
    bones by tendons. Bones are connected to each other by
    ligaments. Where bones meet one another is typically called a
    joint. Muscles which cause movement of a joint are connected to
    two different bones and contract to pull them together. An
    example would be the contraction of the biceps and a relaxation
    of the triceps. This produces a bend at the elbow. The contraction
    of the triceps and relaxation of the biceps produces the effect of
    straightening the arm.
   Blood cells are produced by the marrow located in
    some bones. An average of 2.6 million red blood
    cells are produced each second by the bone
    marrow to replace those worn out and destroyed
    by the liver.
   Bones serve as a storage area for minerals such as
    calcium and phosphorus. When an excess is
    present in the blood, buildup will occur within the
    bones. When the supply of these minerals within
    the blood is low, it will be withdrawn from the
    bones to replenish the supply.
   Divisions of the Skeleton