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A Review of Puritan Beliefs

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A Review of Puritan Beliefs Powered By Docstoc
					Age of Faith
1. Puritans were an extreme branch of the
Catholic religion.
2. Puritans wore plain, simple clothes.
3. Puritans were very religious.
4. Theatres were closed by the Puritans.
5. The Puritans banned any form of gambling.
6. Saturdays had to be devoted to God.
7. Puritan churches are very plain with no
ornaments or decoration.
8. Puritans believed that everyone was sinful.
9. Puritans believed that hard work and prayer
were needed to go to heaven.
Style: simple & direct

Format: letters, factual documents,
 sermons, & poems

Purpose: to communicate
 information & to praise God
Form of Government: Theocracy

A Government centered around
 religious beliefs
               6 Puritan Beliefs
   Humans existed for the glorification of God
   The Bible is the sole expression of God’s will
   Predestination: God already knows who will
    achieve salvation and who will not
   One can only accomplish good through
    continual hard work and self-discipline
   Original Sin: we are all born sinners and only
    through God’s salvation can we be saved and
    forgiven
   Providence: God intervenes in
    one’s life daily
 One can only accomplish good
  through continual hard work and self-
  discipline
 Original Sin: we are all born sinners

  and only through God’s salvation can
  we be saved and forgiven
 Providence: God intervenes in

one’s life daily
Activities Banned by the Puritans:
 Horse Racing, cock-fighting and bear
  baiting
 Any gathering of people without
  permission
 Drunkenness and swearing
 Theatre-going, dancing and singing

 Games and sports on
Sundays (including
going for a walk)
 Gambling
 Visiting brothels
        Biblical Allusion
a reference to the Bible for the
purpose of comparison


Like Moses lead the Israelites out of
Egypt, I lead my students out of
ignorance.
         Extended Metaphor
   A metaphor which is developed over
    a number of lines with several
    examples
 Extended Metaphor
          School is jail!
     The classrooms cells
 The dress code our uniforms
    Mrs. Ogren our warden
 Our teacher’s our jail keepers
The cafeteria our jail house slop
  Our freedom gone till June!
            Inverted Syntax
Reversal of the normal order of words

Example:
To the store I go.
In love I am, the world with me.
              Lyrical Poem
   A poem that expresses personal thoughts
    or feelings
            Figure of Speech
  Literature terms that describes one thing in
  terms of another

(metaphor, simile, personification)
                Metaphor
   A comparison between two unlike things
    by saying one thing is another
                  Simile
   A comparison using like or as
           Personification
giving human qualities to inanimate objects
                Parallelism
 repetitive structure of a sentence in order to
 emphasize a point

Example:
      Homework: Due Monday 9/13

   Read the background information for the Puritans in
    your books starting on page 11 through page 14.
    There are four sections that are to be read:
    1. The Puritan Legacy
    2. Puritan Beliefs: Sinners All?
    3. Puritan Politics
    4. The Bible in America
   Note at least 3 important points in each section.
          The Puritan Legacy
   The American Character has been shaped
    by: morals, ethics, and religious
    convictions of the Puritans.
   In 1620 just before Christmas, the first
    and most famous group of these English
    Puritans landed on the tip of Cape Cod.
   By 1640 as many as twenty thousand
    English Puritans had sailed to what they
    called the New World.
   Puritans: a broad term, referring to a number of
    Protestant groups who wished to "purify" the
    Church of England. English Puritans wished to
    return to a simpler forms of worship and church
    organization that are described in the Christian
    Scriptures.

   Puritans came to the new world for religious
    freedom

   English Puritans did not believe that clergy or the
    government should or could act as an intermediary
    between the individual and God.
        Puritan Beliefs: Sinners All?
                    Certainty vs. Doubt:
   Certain: because of Adam and Eve, all of mankind
    was damned but that they could be saved through
    Jesus Christ
   Doubt: who was "saved" (known as the elect) or
    who was damned (the unregenerate)
   An elect member would examine their inner lives
    closely and tried to live exemplary lives.Thus
    Puritans came to value: self-reliance,
    industriousness, temperance, and simplicity.
Puritan Politics: Government by Contract
    People should enter freely into agreements
     concerning their government (based on the
     idea of the covenant: contract between God
     and humanity “freewill”)
    Mayflower Compact: outlined how they would
     be governed once they landed.
    Because Puritans believed that the saintly elect
     should have more influence their political
     views tended to be undemocratic
               The Bible in America
   Trained to see life as a pilgrimage, or journey
    to salvation.
   Puritans looked for direct connections
    between biblical events and events in their
    own lives.
   Being able to read and understand the Bible
    was very important; therefore Puritans placed
    great emphasis on education. Also, 4
    characteristics the American Puritans came to
    value: Self-reliance, industriousness, temperance,
    and simplicity
             1630: The Arrival
"Therefore lett us choose life, that wee, and
our Seede, may live; by obeyeing his voyce,
and cleaveing to him, for hee is our life, and
our prosperity."
John Winthrop- "City Upon a Hill," 1630

Winthrop declared that the Puritan colonists
emigrating to the New World were part of a special
pact with God to create a holy community. The phrase
"city upon a hill" is derived from the Bible's Sermon
on the Mount: "You are the light of the world. A city
that is set on a hill cannot be hidden."
William Bradford: The City on the Hill
   Became a “nonconformist” and moved to the
    new world for religious freedom
   Was elected governor 31 times
   Wrote this selection to inspire young people to
    respect their elder and to carry on the Pilgrims’
    ideals.
          William Bradford found the land,
         "A hideous and desolate
       wilderness, full of wild beasts
              and wild men."
A review of Plymouth Plantation
   Providence was demonstrated when the only crew
    member who died was the one who was unkind to the
    Puritans.
   The voyage almost ended because the main beam was
    cracked and bowed
   John Howland, the leader, was washed overboard and
    died.
   Due to severe storms, the Puritans landed in Cape
    Harbor however they had wanted to go to a location
    that was more southerly.
   The pilgrims landed on Cape Cod at day break
    on November 9th
   Upon arriving the pilgrims immediately
    praised God for their safe arrival
   It was winter when the pilgrims arrived in the
    new world
   Biblical Allusion: Bradford compares the
    shipwrecked Christians who were helped by
    the “barbarous people” of Malta with the
    pilgrims landing on Cape Cod and the
    conditions they met
   During January and February nearly half of the
    Englishmen died
   Bradford shares of a few men taking care of
    the rest of the very sick
   Most died of exposure, starvation, scurvy, and
    other disease
   Bradford shares how the pilgrims
    demonstrated their Christian values when they
    cared for the crew despite the bad way the
    crew had treated the pilgrims.
   The Indians stole the Englishmen’s tools
   Samoset was the 1st English speaking Indian
    the pilgrims met and he helped them learn
    about the area and how to survive
   Samoset introduced Squanto to the pilgrims
    and Squanto remained with them until he died.
    He helped them in many different ways.
                 Mary Rowlandson
   Was a prisoner of war during "King Philip" (a.k.a.
    Wampanoag Chief Metacomet) wars

   Native Americans were slowly pushed into smaller
    territory through the "selling" off of their land

   Were no longer able to hunt on the land

   Conflict began when Chief Metacomet's assistant
    was caught "working for" the colonialists and was
    put to death; the Puritans tried and hanged the
    Native Americans
   Mary & her 3 children were carried away
    by a raiding party that wanted to trade
    hostages for money

   Was held captive for 11 weeks before
    being ransomed

   She recorded her captivity not only to
    share the experience but to demonstrate
    how it revealed God's purpose
          Captivity Narratives:
   One of the most widely read works of the 17th
    century
   Inspired a mass of imitations that were often
    partially true
   Became the most widely produced forms of
    entertainment in America
   Perpetuated the untruths about Native
    Americans
"On February 10, 1676, a
Wampanoag party attacked
Mary Rowlandson’s town,
Lancaster, Massachusetts (30
miles west of Boston). As a
result, Mary was taken
captive. Her captivity
narrative narrates her 20
removes (marching from one
location to another). These
removes took her on a
journey of 150 miles, until
she was ransomed for 20
pounds on May 2, 1676. She
saw the death of her daughter
and other relatives and
friends."
Redemption Rock, Princeton, Massachusetts, site of Mary Rowlandson's release
from captivity
THE TREE MARKS THE SITE OF THE ROWLANDSON HOUSE IN
1676 When she returned to Lancaster, there was not one European to be
seen or one house left standing.
Anne Bradstreet

 First American Poet
   Published
         Biography Information
   Born in 1612 in Northampton, England
   Came from a rather wealthy family who encouraged
    her to write
   Was educated in history, languages, & literature
    which was very unusual for the time
   Married to Simon Bradstreet at the age of 16
   Had 8 children: four girls and four boys
   Brother-in-law secretly published her poetry in
    England
   Died of T.B. in 1672
                Poetic Devices
   Limited use of figurative language: Similes,
    Metaphors, & Personification
   Inversion: reverse order of words (a.k.a. Yoda
    Speak)
   Rhyme Scheme: pattern of end rhymes in a
    poem
            Topics of Poetry
   Spirituality: one’s relationship to God
   Personal Matters: children, marriage, writing
   Puritan Life & Struggles
   Death
   Love Between Husband & Wife
   Private & Personal Experiences
              Major Emphasis
   Her poetry demonstrates the Puritan’s beliefs
    in their everyday life.
   Emphasizes the concerns of a Puritan women.
   Excellent examples of extended metaphor
                      Extra Credit
    Write your own poem using an extended
    metaphor.
   1 single, identifiable, appropriate theme
   Compare at least 5 characteristics using
    metaphors, similes, and personification
   Title your poem
   At least 8 lines long
    Due: 9/22/10
    Worth up to 10 points
    Should be typed or neatly written in blue or black ink!
John Edwards
Background Information:
 Succeed his grandfather as pastor of the
  Congregational Church in Northampton,
  Massachusetts
 Entered Yale when he was only 13

 In 1729, took over his grandfather’s church at

  the age of 26
 Helped to bring about the religious revival
  known as the Great Awakening which lasted
  for 15 years
   He became known for his extremism as a
    pastor
   Was known for accusing prominent members
    of his church of relapsing into sin during his
    sermons
   He was dismissed from his position in 1750
   Spent 8 years working on a Mohican
    community
   Appointed the president of the College of New
    Jersey
            Parallel Structure
   Repetition of words/phrases that have a
    similar grammatical structure and is used
    to emphasize a point
      A Review of Edwards’ Sermon
   The fate of human beings is determined by God
   We cannot save ourselves, only converting our soles
    to Christ will save us
   Edwards’ presents a God who is angry and vengeful
   If we convert our soles to Christ, we will live in
    heaven with him (Christ)
   If we do not convert our souls to Christ, we will burn
    in hell for eternity
   Edwards uses elements of nature to demonstrate
    God’s power: water, spiders, furnace of wrath, black
    clouds of God’s anger, wickedness is heavy as lead
          Bradstreet vs. Edwards
   Harmony                       Hierarchy
   Balanced Metaphors            Vertical Metaphors
   Nurturing                     Judging
   Brings together body &        Separates body & soul
    soul
   Brings together
    materials & spirituality

				
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