Family Guide to Emergency Preparedness by


Developing an Emergency Kit                                              Preparing Your Home
Your emergency food and water kit should include enough food and                                                                                                                   •   Tune in to your local media
                                                                         •   Keep important papers, lists and photographs in a safe deposit box
  water for three days. Include ready-to-eat foods which require no                                                                                                                •   Stay away from flood waters – DO NOT attempt to walk, drive or swim through floodwaters
                                                                         •   Buy an “ABC”-type fire extinguisher and check it regularly
  refrigeration.                                                                                                                                                                   •   If floodwaters are high, do not prevent them from flowing into your home’s basement
                                                                         •   Install smoke detectors on every level of your home, and check they are working each month
                                                                                                                                                                                   •   Do not stack sandbags against your house. This adds pressure to the walls and can cause damage
                                                                         •   Install a carbon monoxide detector and check it regularly
Drinking water                                                                                                                                                                     •   Do not drink tap water
                                                                         •   Buy flashlights or other emergency lighting, batteries and a battery-operated radio
□ At least one litre per person per day                                                                                                                                            •   Move valuables to higher floors, if possible
                                                                         •   Avoid candles – they can be a fire hazard
□ Remember to include enough water for your pets                         •   Make your house address number clearly visible

□ Canned food such as soups, stews, baked beans, pasta, meat,
                                                                             Locate the water heater, electrical and gas shut offs in your home, and mark them with labeled tape
                                                                             Make sure your sump pump is working, and consider purchasing a battery back-up for your pump          Severe Weather
  poultry, fish, vegetables, fruit
                                                                                                                                                                                   Tornado Watch
□ Crackers and biscuits
□ Honey, peanut butter, syrup, jam, salt/pepper, sugar,                  Evacuation Route to do so by emergency personnel.                                                         A tornado watch or severe thunderstorm watch is issued when severe weather may happen.
                                                                                                                                                                                   This is time for you to prepare. Tune into your local radio or television station for updates.
  instant coffee, tea                                                    DO NOT attempt to evacuate unless told

For Babies and Toddlers                                                  Preparing to Evacuate                                                                                     Tornado Warning
□ Diapers, bottle milk                                                   • Tune into local media for more information                                                              A tornado or severe thunderstorm warning is issued when a tornado
□ Toys, crayons and paper                                                • Pack a bag with essential items - see Plan an Emergency Supply Kit                                      or severe thunderstorm has been sighted or is strongly indicated by
For Other Family Members                                                                                                                                                           radar. This is the time to take cover.
                                                                         When Evacuating, STAY CALM
□ Prescription medication
                                                                         • In winter, ensure your furnace is on                                                                    •   Tune in to your local media
□ Extra eye glasses
                                                                         • Make provisions for your pets and farm animals                                                          •   Stay indoors
□ Keep at least one week’s supply of medication in your emergency kit
                                                                         • Lock all doors and windows                                                                              •   Seek shelter in the basement or in an interior room
  - include copies of prescriptions for your medicine and glasses
                                                                         • Evacuate areas as directed by County emergency notices                                                  •   Stay away from windows, doors and outside walls
                                                                         • Check on elderly or infirm neighbours
Equipment                                                                • Drive carefully, don’t rush
□   Knives, forks and spoons
                                                                         • Register on arrival to the evacuation centre                                                            Winter Storms
□   Manual can opener, bottle opener                                                                                                                                               • Tune in to your local media
                                                                         By ignoring a warning to evacuate, you jeopardize your family and those that might have to save you.
□   Fuel stove and fuel (follow manufacturer’s instructions)                                                                                                                       • Stay indoors
□   Disposable cups and plates                                                                                                                                                     • If you must be outside, watch for signs of frostbite or
□   Waterproof matches and plastic garbage bags                          School Children                                                                                             hypothermia. The initial stages of hypothermia are bouts of
                                                                         DO NOT attempt to pick your children up at their school until notified by                                   shivering, grogginess and muddled thinking. The next stage is
Emergency Survival Kit                                                   school staff. The safety of your children will be top priority. You will be                                 violent shivering or shivering stops, inability to think and pay
□   Flashlight and batteries                                             informed where to pick up your children when it is safe.                                                    attention, slow, shallow breathing and slow, weak pulse.
□   Battery-operated radio, flashlights and extra batteries                                                                                                                          Signs of frostbite include white waxy skin that feels numb
□   First aid kit                                                        Disabled and the Elderly                                                                                    and hard.
□   Candles and matches or lighter                                       Please be sure to help disabled and elderly citizens in the community.                                    • DO NOT overexert yourself while shoveling
□   Extra care keys and cash, including coins for pay phones             If you are able to do so, assist them in the event of evacuation.                                         • Do not leave home unless necessary
□   Important papers (identification for everyone, personal documents,   Consider giving them rides to shelter, or helping them to pack.                                           • Wear loose-fitting clothes and layer them as needed
    health card, driver’s license, wallet, credit cards, and cash)                                                                                                                 • If travel is necessary, be sure to have an emergency car
□   Food and bottled water                                                                                                                                                           care kit with you
□   Clothes and footwear - include one change of clothes per person                                                                                                                • Do not use barbecues or kerosene lanterns for indoor heating
□   Medical needs
□   Toilet articles
□   Pillows, blankets and sleeping bags

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