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   8.      Labor Market Information

   Through an environmental scan of the Inland Empire, Moreno Valley Campus,

Riverside Community College District (RCCD), has identified the need to educate

learners for health care professions such as radiologic technologists and technicians. The

need for radiologic technologists and technicians is needed for the following reasons.

One, the population is living longer, and, as a result, more radiological technologists are

needed to support physicians in the care of their patients. Two, the impact of technology

on health care requires radiological technicians who can utilize more advanced

equipment to assess patients. Third, the need for more diagnosis has created a need for

radiologic technicians trained in new techniques to sustain the demand for more diagnosis

of more people (Hensley, 2003, p.7). Forth, radiological technologists are reaching

retirement age and replacements are needed (Hensley, 2003, p.8). In fact, according to the

American Society of Radiologic Technologists’ Survey of 2001, the average age of

radiologic technicians is 41. Among all aging health professions, they are one of the

oldest groups.

   Furthermore, Economic Modeling Specialists, Inc. forecasts employment

opportunities for radiologic technicians and technologists. In the state of California for

2008 the annual average of radiologic technicians and technologists is 15,619. By the

year of 2018, the annual average of radiologic technicians and technologists is expected

to increase by 16% or 2,503 more positions. Therefore, by the year of 2018, it is

projected that there will be 18,122 openings for radiologic technicians and technologists.

Also, there will be an additional 4,580 jobs due to openings and separations in for

radiologic technicians and technologists (Please see Attachment A).




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      In the Riverside-San Bernardino Metropolitan Statistical Area, employment

opportunities will exist also for radiologic technologists and technicians. In 2008, the

annual average of radiologic technologists and technicians is 1,409. By the year of 2018,

the annual average of positions in radiology technologists and technicians is expected to

increase by 18% or 249 more positions. Therefore, by the year of 2018, it is projected

that there will be 1,658 openings for radiology technologists and technicians. Also, there

will be an additional 434 jobs due to openings and separations. (Please see Attachment

A).


9.       Labor Market Analysis

Net Job Market


     Given the projected number of 20 students in the program and necessary to support

      the program, there will be enough openings locally to permit placement of the

      expected number of graduates. Among the California Community Colleges.

      Statewide, there were only 622 awards granted by Radiologic Technology programs

      among the community colleges. In 2007-08, there were 428 Associate Degrees in

      Science/Arts granted in Radiologic Technology within the community colleges. In

      terms of certificates, there were 138 certificates awarded for certificates requiring 60

      or more semester units and 56 Certificates that required 30 to fewer than 60 units in

      Radiologic Technology.

     The following colleges offered Radiological Technology Programs within the

      Riverside-Metropolitan Statistical Area: Crafton Hills College awarded 11

      Associates’ Degrees and 2 certificates requiring 60 or more semester units. Mt. San




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   Antonio awarded 23 Associates’ Degrees.        The Orange County institutions with

   Radiological Technology are housed at Orange Coast College and Cypress College.

   In Los Angeles County, El Camino College, Long Beach City College, LA City

   College and Pasadena College offer Radiology Technology. The Northern

   Californian institutions with Radiological Technology are housed at San Francisco

   City College, Merced College, Bakersfield College, Yuba College, Santa Barbara

   College, Santa Rosa Junior College, Contra Costa College, Foothill College and San

   Joaquin Delta. In San Diego County, San Diego Mesa offers Radiological

   Technology. (See attachment B for award information and appendix A for California

   Department of Health Services’ approved programs). In addition, Loma Linda has

   the only approved program by the Joint Review Committee on Education in

   Radiologic Technology in our region, but has a distance learning program in Fresno,

   CA. In 2007-08, 29 students earned Associate of Science degrees in Radiology.

Job Outlook

   According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment opportunities are projected

to be favorable over the next ten years. Some employers reported problems hiring

sufficient numbers of radiologic technologists and technicians. Due to the disparity

between the demand for, and supply of, radiologic technologists and technicians,

employers will ignite the labor market through their recruitment efforts to attract and

retain qualified workers. The disparity between supply and demand will be caused by the

aging radiologic technologist who will leave the field; the lack of interest in radiology as

career; fewer training programs, low wages with huge work load (Hensley, 2003, p. 12).




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Employers will try to recruit and keep qualified staff through the incentives of better

compensation and working conditions.


Influence of Technology


       The growing demand for more diagnostic imaging for the population will

stimulate job growth for radiologic technologists. As technology advances many of the

expensive imaging machines will become less costly and more available. While hospitals

employ most of the radiologic technologists, the growth of outsourcing this type of work

to third-party payers and diagnostic imaging centers will stimulate need for radiologic

technologists (Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Outlook, 2007-08).


Earning Potential

   Occupational Employment and Wage Data suggest that the average initial salary for

    Radiological Technologists and Technicians is $56,493. The median salary for

    experienced Radiological Technologists and Technicians is $65,166 (Attachment A).



Program Credibility/Preferential Hiring


       Employer data revealed that radiologic technologists who also are experienced in

more complex diagnostic imaging procedures, such as CT and MRI, will have better job

opportunities, due to the fact that employers want to control costs by using employees

that have multiple skills (Bureau of Labor Statistics, Outlook, 2007-08).


Knowledge Requirements




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       The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology accredits

most formal training programs for the field. The committee accredited 606 radiography

programs in 2005. Radiography programs require, at a minimum, a high school diploma

or the equivalent. High school courses in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology

are helpful. The programs provide both classroom and clinical instruction in anatomy and

physiology, patient care procedures, radiation physics, radiation protection, principles of

imaging, medical terminology, positioning of patients, medical ethics, radiobiology, and

pathology.


       Federal legislation protects the public from the hazards of unnecessary exposure

to medical and dental radiation by ensuring that operators of radiologic equipment are

properly trained. Under this legislation, the Federal Government sets voluntary standards

that the States may use for accrediting training programs and certifying individuals who

engage in medical or dental radiography.


       The Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology (JRCERT)

is the only agency acknowledged by the United States Department of Education to

accredit educational programs in radiography and radiation therapy, the JRCERT

accredits educational programs in radiography and radiation therapy besides the

disciplines of magnetic resonance and medical dosimetry. To be eligible for certification,

technologists generally must graduate from an accredited program and pass an

examination. Many employers prefer to hire certified radiographers. To be recertified,

radiographers must complete 24 hours of continuing education every two years.




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        Radiologic technologists and technicians should be sensitive to patients’ physical

and psychological needs. They must pay attention to detail, follow instructions, and work

as part of a team. In addition, operating complicated equipment requires mechanical

ability and manual dexterity.


Career Advancement

        Additional training in Radiology can prepare radiologic technicians and

technologists to become staff technologists. Also the training assists with preparation to

be come specialists so that they are prepared to do CT scanning, angiography, and

magnetic resonance imaging. Radiological Technologists who are experienced

technologists can be promoted to supervisor, chief radiologic technologist, and, finally,

department administrator or director. Depending on the institution, courses or a master’s

degree in business or health administration may be necessary for the director’s position.

Some technologists advance in their career by leaving the occupation to become

instructors or directors in radiologic technology programs; others take jobs as sales

representatives or instructors with equipment manufacturers (Bureau of Labor Statistics,

2007-08 Occupational Handbook). X-ray technicians that would like to advance in their

careers are often enrolled in radiology programs. This information is provided by Loma

Linda University. Students from other states have completed this program and taken their

training back to their state.


Secondary Expertise

        In addition to training new individuals for the field of Radiology, Moreno Valley

Campus’ program in Radiology Technology will provide significant secondary expertise




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to those with an existing career in Radiology. Moreno Valley Campus, RCCD, will offer

certificate programs to experienced radiographers or individuals from other health

occupations, such as medical technologists and registered nurses, who want to change

fields or specialize in CT or MRI. Therefore, individuals currently in the field that desire

a career upgrade can get the extra training desired.


Diversity training:


Moreno Valley Campus’ mission prepares all students to work in an ethnically diverse

workforce and an ethnically diverse, global market. The mission will be a part of the

curriculum of Radiologic Technology.




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                        Appendix A
LOCAL APPROVED RADIATION THERAPY TECHNOLOGY
SCHOOLS/PROGRAMS
SCHOOL PROGRAM DIRECTOR

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LONG BEACH
Dr. Stephanie Eatmon
Health Science Department (562) 985-7507
Radiation Therapy Email: seatmon@csulb.edu
1250 Bellflower Boulevard Web Page: www.lbcc.edu
Long Beach, CA 90840-4902

CITY COLLEGE OF SAN FRANCISCO
 Les Yim
Radiation Oncology Technology Department (415) 239-3458
50 Phelan Avenue Email: lyim@ccsf.org
San Francisco, CA 94112 Web Page: www.ccsf.edu

CITY OF HOPE NATIONAL MEDICAL CENTER
Chriss Forell
School of Radiation Therapy (626) 301-8247
1500 E. Duarte Road Email: cforell2@coh.org
Duarte, CA 91010 Web Page: www.cityofhope.org

FOOTHILL COLLEGE
Bonny Wheeler, Interim Program Director
12345 El Monte Road (650) 949-7563
Los Altos Hills, CA 94022 Email: WheelerBonny@foothill.edu
Web Page: www.foothill.edu

LOMA LINDA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
Carol Davis
School of Allied Health Professions (909) 558-4000 ext.47477
11234 Anderson Street Email: cadavis@ahs.llumc.edu
Loma Linda, CA 92354 Web Page: www.llu.edu

KAISER PERMANENTE Larry Swafford
School of Allied Health Sciences (510) 231-5070
938 Marina Way South Email: larry.swafford@kp.org
Richmond, CA 94804 Web Page: www.kpsah.org

Source: http://www.cdph.ca.gov/pubsforms/Guidelines/Documents/RHB-SchoolsList-
2008-11-12.pdf



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                                      References

American Society of Radiologic Technologists. (2001, June) Radiological Technologist
Wage and Salary Survey 2001.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook,
2007-00 Edition, Radiologic Technologists and Technicians, on the Internet at
http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos105.htm (visited December 1, 2008).

Hensley, C. (2003). Identifying and Solving the Radiologic Technologist Shortage.
Unpublished paper for University of Nevada, Las Vegas.




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