Approaches To E-Learning Developing An E-Learning Strategy

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					Approaches To E-Learning:
Developing An E-Learning Strategy


Brian Kelly                            Email
UKOLN                                  B.Kelly@ukoln.ac.uk
University of Bath                     URL
Bath, BA2 7AY                          http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/

UKOLN is supported by:

 A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Contents
Strategic Issues:
       • User Requirements
             • Pedagogic issues
             • Who are your users?
             • Accessibility
       • Developer / Resource Issues:
             • Build or buy?
             • VLE or integrating components
             • Interoperability
             • Quality Assurance
             • Sustainability
Developing An E-Learning Strategy: group exercise
Feedback
A centre of expertise in digital information management www.ukoln.ac.uk
Conclusions
User Requirements   What Is Pedagogy?
                        • The work of a teacher; the art and science of
                          teaching; instructional methods and strategies.
                        • The linked processes of teaching and learning.
                        • Teaching; assisting students through interaction
                          and activity in the ongoing academic and social
                          events of the classroom.
                        • A term that is used to describe an approach to
                          schooling, learning, and teaching that includes
                          what is taught, how teaching occurs, and how
                          what is taught is learned.
                        • Pedagogy is the study of the methods and
                          application of educational theory to create learning
                          contexts and environments.
                                                  http://www.google.co.uk/search?q=define:Pedagogy
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management          www.ukoln.ac.uk
User Requirements   Pedagogy & E-Learning
                    In order for e-learning to be effective:
                        • Need to address pedagogic issues
                        • Need to address students' learning styles
                        • Need to consider students' motivational issues
                        • Need to consider stage in learning
                        • Need to consider discipline-specific learning
                          approaches (medicine different from arts subject)
                        • Need to consider teachers' approaches to learning
                        • …


                    Remember: The important part of e-learning is
                    learning not the e-!
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management www.ukoln.ac.uk
User Requirements   Who Are Your Users?
                         • Different categories:
                               • Learners                         Teachers
                               • Administrators                   Technologists
                         • Members of your organisation:
                               • Students                         Researchers
                               • Academic staff                   Other staff
                         • Remote users:
                               • Visitors                         Organisation partners
                               • Purchasers                       …
                         • Cultures
                               • Home                              Overseas
                               • Native speakers                   Non-native speakers
                         • Special Requirements
                               • Disabled                          …
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management        www.ukoln.ac.uk
User Requirements   User Requirements
                    Different groups have different requirements:
                    Learners:
                       • To learn
                    Teachers:
                       • To support the learning
                    Administrators:
                       • To support the administration of learning
                    Technologists:
                       • To manage the e-learning technologies
                         (performance, security, …)
                          Requirements of the different groups may sometimes
                          be in conflict or may be overlooked. There is a need to
                          engage with all groups in your planning
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management www.ukoln.ac.uk
User Requirements   User Requirements
                    What are the requirements of the user (the
                    learner):
                       • Motivation         You will need to
                       • Support            identify the
                                            requirements of
                       • Interaction        your users – and
                       • Information        then explore how
                                            the requirements
                       • Knowledge          can be achieved
                       • Ease of access
                       • …

                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
User Requirements   Accessibility
                    Some users will have special requirements:
                    Disabilities
                         • Users with disabilities may have special
                           requirements
                         • There may be legal as well as ethical (and
                           financial) reasons to address such needs
                    Technologies
                         • Not everyone has a PC – Mac, Unix, … users
                         • Network issues in certain areas
                    Access to Robots
                         • Need to allow automated tools to access and
                           process resources (e.g. current awareness
                           services)
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Deployment Issues
                    Issues:
                         •   Resourcing
                         •   Content creation
                         •   Training
                         •   Sustainability
                         •   Deployment model
                         •   Management acceptance
                         •   …




                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Resourcing
                    Provision of effective e-learning is not cheap:
                       • Who pays?
                       • What's the rationale: long-term cost
                         savings or enhanced quality of learning?
                       • Using / buying e-learning vs. developing
                         e-learning
                       • Using in-house vs. selling to others
                       • Training staff
                       • Training users


                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Deployment Model
                    Issues:
                       • Purchase VLE/MLE
                       • Home-grown developments
                       • Interoperability:
                               • Migration from one VLE to another
                               • Integration across components of home-grown
                                 systems
                               • Migration of data
                               • Long term preservation
                         • Centralised or distributed
                         • In-house or integrated with remote
                           services
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Sustainability
                    Will your e-learning communities by
                    sustainable?
                         •   People
                         •   Motivation
                         •   Technologies
                         •   Support




                         Lot's of money could be wasted if your
                         community is not sustainable

                    A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Acceptance
                    Is your e-learning:
                        • An interest of a group of enthusiasts
                        • A pilot experiment for your department
                        • Part of your institution's overall strategy
                    Small-scale usage:
                        • Can provide quick, effective solutions
                        • Danger of lack of sustainability if enthusiasts
                          leave, priorities change, etc.
                        • Concept proven – but organisation selects
                          alternative application for deployment

                    A bottom-up development needs to plan for success,
                    such as organisational deployment
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management www.ukoln.ac.uk
Deployment Issues   Quality Assurance
                    Need to ensure that e-learning services :
                       • Work correctly
                       • Are maintained
                       • Are widely accessible
                       • Are widely interoperable
                    A Quality Assurance (QA) approach based on:
                       • Documented policies
                       • Systematic procedures for ensuring compliance
                    can help

                     QA Focus project funded to develop a QA framework
                     and provide support materials.
                     See <http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/qa-focus/>
                    A centre of expertise in digital information management www.ukoln.ac.uk
Exercise   Group Exercise
           Based on what you have learnt so far you will
           now:
             • Develop a plan for an e-Learning strategy
               for your organisation
             • Work in small groups
             • Selection of groups to report back on key
               issues




           A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
                                                                            E

Issues For Report Back
Report back on:
  • Purpose of your e-learning work
  • Target audience
  • Plans for resources your e-learning work
  • Technical architecture
  • Risk assessment – what can go wrong
  • Other key areas




A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Exercise   Report Back
           Small number of volunteers wanted to give a
           brief report back on their approaches




           A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Conclusions   Conclusions
              In this sessions we've learnt that:
                  • The technologies we've used are not the
                    most important aspect
                  • There are a wide range of strategic issues
                    which need to be addressed
                  • Failure to address the strategic issues by
                    focussing only on technologies is likely to
                    lead to expensive failures!

                        Jon Maber will continue this discussion
                        on strategic issues next week

              A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk
Conclusions   Questions?
              Any questions?




              A centre of expertise in digital information management   www.ukoln.ac.uk

				
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