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					LLB 5.2 Labour and Industrial Laws - I

                                       Marks: 100 [80+20]
Detailed Syllabus                                                                                       Marks

1. Historical perspectives on Labour:                                                                       10
        1.1 Labour through the ages - slave labour -caste basis -labour during feudal days.
        1.2 Colonial labour law and policy
        1.3 From laissez faire to welfarism and to globalisation: transition from exploitation to protection
             and from contract to status : changing perspectives on labour.
2. Trade unionism : The Trade Unions Act, 1926                                                                15
        2.1 Evolution and Growth of Trade Unions in India
                2.1 Historical reasons for the formation of combinations of workers, legal impediments;
                2.2 Constitutional freedom to form associations and unions – Constitution of India,
                     Articles 19(1)(c), (4) and 33
                2.3 International Labour Organisation - its influence in bringing changes in national
                     legislations.
        2.2 Trade Union – Definition, Registration and Recognition
                2.2.1 Definitions of ‘trade union’, ‘workman’ and ‘trade dispute’ - The Trade Unions Act,
                         1926, Ss. 2(g) and (h), 3-13, 15, 22
                2.2.2 Legal control and protection of trade union: registration, amalgamation, rights,
                         immunities, liabilities and dissolution.
                2.2.3 Problems: multiplicity of unions, over politicisation – intra-union and inter-union
                         rivalry, outside leadership, closed shop and union-shop, recognition of unions.
        2.3 Immunities – Criminal and Civil
                2.3.1 The Trade Unions Act, 1926, Ss. 17 and 18
                       The Indian Penal Code, Ss. 120-A, 120-B
3. Industrial Disputes - the Industrial Disputes Act,1947                                                      20
        3.1 Aims and Objects of the Industrial Disputes Act
                3.1.1 Industry – Conceptual Analysis
                3.1.2 The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, S. 2(j)
        3.2 Industrial Dispute v. Individual Dispute - Contrast
                3.2.1 The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, S. 2(k), 2A
        3.3 Concept of Workman
                3.3.1 Distinction between contract for services and contract of service:
                       Due control and supervision test; Predominant nature of duty test,
                       The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, S. 2(s)
        3.4 Strike & Lock out
                3.4.1 Concepts, legality and justification
                3.4.2 The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Ss. 2(q), 2(l), 2(n), 10(3), 10A(3A), 22-28
                3.4.3 The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
                3.4.4 The Essential Services Maintenance Act, 1981
        3.5 Lay off, Retrenchment & Closure
                3.5.1 Analysis of the Concepts, Pre-requisites,
                3.5.2 The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Ss. 2(cc), 2(kkk), 2(oo), Chapters VA, VB
                3.5.3 The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
4. State Regulation of Industrial Relations                                                                    15
        4.1. Theoretical foundations: social justice, labour welfare, public interest, productivity, industrial
              peace and development and price control.
        4.2. Methods of regulation:
                4.2.1. Recognition of mutual arrangements
                4.2.2. State prescription of machinery: reference for adjudication, the adjudicatory
                       mechanisms – comparison with courts, award and its binding nature, judicial review
                       of awards.
                4.2.3. State prescription of standards in lay off, strike, lockout, retrenchment, closure and
                       transfer of under takings
        4.3 Workers’ participation in Industrial management: Advantages and Disadvantages
        4.4. Unfair labour practices.
        4.5 The Assam Shops and Establishment Act, 1961: Salient features of the Act

5. Leading Cases :                                                               (10x2)                      20
       1. Rangaswami v. Registrar of Trade Unions, AIR 1962 Mad. 231
       2. Chairman, SBI v. All Orissa State Bank Officers Association,AIR 2002 SC 2279
       3. Rohtas Industries v. Its Union, AIR 1976 SC 425
       4. Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board v. A. Rajappa, AIR 1978 SC 548
       5. State of U.P. v. Jai Bir Singh (2005) 5 SCC 1
       6. Workmen of Dimakuchi Tea Estate v. Management of Dimakuchi Tea Estate, AIR 1958 SC 353
       7. Indian Banks Association v. Workmen of Syndicate Bank, AIR 2001 SC 946 : (2001) 3 SCC 36
       8. Gujarat Steel Tubes Ltd. v. Gujarat Steel Tubes Mazdoor Sabha (1980) 2 SCC 593
        9. State of Rajasthan v. Rameshwar Lal Gahlot, AIR 1996 SC 1001
       10.U.P. State Brassware Corporation Ltd. v. Uday Narain Pandey (2006) 1 SCC 479


Prescribed Legislations:
     1. The Trade Unions Act, 1926
     2. The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947
     3. The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
     4. The Assam Shops and Establishment Act, 1961

Prescribed Books: For Labour and Industrial Laws – I & II
     1. O.P. Malhotra, The Law of Industrial Disputes,
     2. G.B. Pai, Labour Law in India
     3. P.L. Malik’s Industrial Law (21st ed., 2008)
     4. S.C. Srivastava (Rev.) Labour Law and Labour Relations : Cases and Materials (ILI, 2007)

General Readings: For Labour and Industrial Laws – I & II
    1. Report of the National Commission on Labour (1969)
    2. Report of the Second National Commission on Labour (2002)
    3. Report of the Committee on Fair Wages (1948)


Recommended Books : For Labour and Industrial Laws – I & II
    1. R.C. Saxena, Labour Problems and Social Welfare Chapters 1, 5 and 6.
    2. V.V. Giri, Labour Problems in Indian Industry Chs. 1 and 15
    3. Indian Law Institute, Labour Law and Labour Relations
    4. B.P.Todi, Assam Shops and establishment Act and Review
    5. P.L. Malik, Srivastava’s Law Relating to Trade Unions and Unfair Labour Practices in India
    6. P.L. Malik (Rev.), K.D. Srivastava’s Industrial Employment (Standing Orders)Act, 1946
    7. E. M. Rao, O.P. Malhotra’s The Law of Industrial Disputes
    8. K.D. Srivastava, Minimum Wages Act, 1948
    9. P.L. Malik, K.D. Srivastava’s Commentaries on Payment of Wages Act, 1936
    10. P.L. Malik, K.D. Srivastava’s Commentaries on The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
    11.Srivastava. K .D., Commentaries on Factories Act 1948 (2000), Eastern, Luknow

				
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