PUPPY NOTES by bnmbgtrtr52

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									   INSIDE…                         PUPPY NOTES
   1   Getting Started
                                    Getting Started…
   2   I know what I want,
       where do I get one?          Pure breed or cross breed, large, medium or small, long hair or short
                                    hair, male or female? All these questions must be answered with
   3   Puppy checklist and
                                    reference to you, the owner. Do you work long hours? What size house
       recommendations
                                    and yard do you have? Are you close to a park? Are you a person of
   4   Puppy Development            regular consistent habits? And most of all, after you have gone
                                    through the rational decision making process, tell us what your
   5   Housetraining your
                                    feelings are. Dogs are to love – not just to own.
       puppy

   6 Puppy socialization            References:
       and training                    1. Pet Information and Advisory Service – Ph: 9827-5344 or
                                           http://www.petnet.com.au/
   7 Puppy Handling
                                       2. Victorian Canine Association – Ph: 9376-2255 or
   8 Common Puppy                          http://www.vca.org.au
       Problems                            This organization can refer you to the secretaries of the Breed
   9   The Pack Leader                     Clubs.
                                       3. Your local library
                                       4. Ask us about a particular type or breed.


            I KNOW WHAT I WANT, WHERE DO I GET ONE?
1. Victorian Canine Association – Ph: 9376-2255 or http://www.vca.org.au
2. The newspaper (beware of pet shops posing as private breeders).
3. Animal Welfare Organisations:

            Name                     Address                Phone                Website
            RSPCA            3 Burwood Hwy,             (03) 9224-       http://www.rspcavic.org
                             Burwood East               2222
          Lost Dogs          2 Gracie Street,           (03) 9329-       http://www.dogshome.co
            Home             North Melbourne            2755             m
         Australian          cnr Chapel and             (03) 9798-       http://www.aaps.org.au
           Animal            Homeleigh Rds,             8415
         Protection          Keysborough
           Society
         Lort Smith          24 Villiers St.            (03) 9328-       http://www.lortsmith.org.
       Animal Hospital       North Melbourne            3021             au
         Peninsula           Cnr Robinson Rd &          (03) 5978-
         Animal Aid          Smith Ave, Pearcedale      6811
         Save A Dog          36 Weir St, Glen Iris      (03) 9824        http://www.saveadog.org.
           Scheme                                       7928             au

4. Your vet’s notice board
5. Pet shops

In all cases, puppies should have a vaccination certificate showing that it has been vaccinated and
given a health check at 6 weeks of age, and only offered for sale when over 8 weeks of age with a money
back guarantee. Ask for a list of what the pup has been fed since weaning at 5-6 weeks of age. Ask for
dates when mum and the puppy were wormed, with what type of wormer, and how much was given.
             Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes
                                   Puppy Check List
       “Bring in as much           When you are purchasing your new puppy, ensure you have ‘ticked all
                                   the boxes’ on the following checklist:
   information as you can to
                                  Vaccination certificate signed by a vet.
      your puppy’s first vet
                                  Health check signed by a vet, if available.
         health check.”
                                  Worming history – with what, when and how much?
                                  Feeding history – with what, how much and how often?
                                  De-fleaing treatments – with what and when?

Puppy Development
  All puppies are individuals and will pass through the stages below at their own pace.
  Generally, puppies of smaller breed types will develop faster, and larger breed type puppies
  will take a little longer to fully mature. The information below gives an average time scale that most puppies
  conform to, and should help you better understand your puppy’s development from birth to maturity.

 AGE             DESCRIPTION         DEVELOPMENT                         HOW YOU CAN HELP

 0-2WK           NEWBORN             SLEEPS, SUCKLES                     LET MUM DO THIS PART ALONE

 2-3WK           TRANSITIONAL        SENSES BEGIN TO OPERATE             GENTLE HANDLING

 3-12WK          SOCIALISATION PERIOD STAGES (1) TO (3)

 3-5WK           STAGE (1)           REACTS TO LOUD SOUND,               GIVE SEPARATE PLAY / SLEEP
                                     EATS SOLIDS, LEAVES NEST            AREAS. PROVIDE INTERESTING
                                     TO TOILET.                          PLAY THINGS AND HUMAN
                                                                         CONTACT.

 5-8WK           STAGE (2)           WEANING BEGINS –                    CONTROLLED AND SAFE
                                     HIERARCHY GAMES ARE                 SOCIALIZATION, GET PUPPIES
                                     PLAYED WITH LITTER                  READY TO LEAVE THE LITTER.
                                     MATES.

 8-12WK          STAGE (3)           INDEPENDENT EXPLORING               CONTINUE SAFE
                                     BEGINS; PUPPY STARTS TO             SOCIALIZATION, PUPPY STARTS
                                     ASSESS ITS POSITION IN THE          TO PLAY HUMAN GAMES WITH
                                     PACK.                               YOU; START TO SHOW PUPPY
                                                                         HIS PACK POSITION.

 3-6MTHS         JUVENILE            EXPLORING FURTHER INTO              KEEP SOCIALIZATION GOING –
                                     ENVIRONMENT, CHEWING IS             START PUPPY DEVELOPING
                                     A PRIORITY FOR PUPPY AT             GOOD MANNERS AND HABITS.
                                     THE MOMENT.                         GENTLY, BUT WITHOUT
                                                                         QUESTION, SHOW THE PUPPY
                                                                         THAT HUMANS ARE HIGHER IN
                                                                         RANK. BE THE PACK LEADER!

                                                                         ATTEND PUPPY PARTIES AND
                                                                         BEGIN OBEDIENCE TRAINING

 6MNTHS –        ADOLESCENCE         PUPPY IS MORE                       THIS CAN BE A DIFFICULT TIME
 12/18MNTHS                          INDEPENDENT NOW;                    FOR OWNERS – CONTINUE
                                     SEXUALLY MATURE,                    TRAINING AND SOCIALIZATION,
                                     TERRITORIAL BEHAVIOUR               WATCH FOR CHALLENGES OF
                                     BEGINS.                             AUTHORITY AND ACT ON THEM
                                                                         PROMPTLY!

 12/18MNTHS      MATURITY            NOW FULLY MATURE.                   RELAX AND ENJOY A WELL
 ONWARDS                                                                 BALANCED DOG AS A MEMBER
                                                                         OF YOUR FAMILY.


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                Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes

Puppy Recommendations
Once you have your puppy, here is what we recommend:
  1. VET HEALTH CHECK AND ANNUAL HEALTH CHECKS THEREAFTER:
      A pre or post-sale check-up to look for signs of illnesses or congenital disease or faults. Bring in as
      much information as you have (e.g. Certificates, recommendations and other papers). Thereafter
      annual pet health checks which may include vaccination or other preventative health treatments.

   2. VACCINATIONS
      Our recommendations:
      6 – 8 weeks          - C4 Vaccine (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvo, Parainfluenza) and isolate the pup
                           from high risk contacts and environment.
      10 – 12 weeks        - C7 Vaccine (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvo, Parainfluenza, Bordetella,
                           Leptospirosis and Corona Virus)
      14 – 16 weeks        -C2i Vaccine (Leptospirosis & Corona Virus)
      Thereafter every 3 years with Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvo vaccines plus annual Parainfluenza and
      Bordetella vaccines for dogs at risk of Canine Cough disease.

   3. INTESTINAL WORM PREVENTION
      At 2 weeks then at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months of age with DRONTAL® tablets.
      Thereafter every three months for life and always at the correct body weight.
      This will effectively prevent all intestinal worms.

   4. HEARTWORM PREVENTION
      Start at any age under 6 months – ideally at 3 months of age. Give Proheart SR12® Injection at 3, 6,
      and 15 months of age, thereafter annually. Alternatively, apply REVOLUTION® to the back of the neck
      once a month for life.
   5. FLEA PREVENTION
      Begin with a safe non-toxic product as young as 4 to 8 weeks of age and continue for LIFE e.g.
      FRONTLINE PLUS®, ADVANTAGE®, or REVOLUTION®. For the bedding and ‘hotspot’ treatments,
      FLEATROL PLUS® Spray used every 4 weeks, or after washing, will kill fleas and prevent flea eggs
      from hatching in the environment.
   6. FEEDING
      Never change diets abruptly. If the previous diet has been inadequate, change gradually over 1-2
      weeks to a COMPLETE BALANCED DIET, plenty of FRESH WATER and RAW TRIMMED BONES (e.g.
      Lamb shank bones). We use and recommend HILLS SCIENCE DIET® and EUKANUBA® dry foods as
      top quality, no-fuss dog food.




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             Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes
   7. NEUTERING
      For the family pet neutering can be done before 4 months of age without affecting growth or future
      health. We recommend neutering before sexual maturity for all non-stud dogs.

   8. MICROCHIPPING
      We recommend microchipping, which is the implanting of a small silicon chip (about the size of a
      long grain of rice), under the skin. This can be done at the time of neutering or at a vaccination
      visit. Your puppy is then identifiable, without a collar, anywhere in Australia for life.

   9. WASHING AND SHAMPOOING
      Unless there is a skin problem, shampooing needs to be done when your puppy is dirty/smelly.
      DERMCARE NATURAL® or ALOVEEN® are pH balanced, soap free, hypoallergenic veterinary
      shampoos and will not cause skin problems. Soaps, human shampoos, cheap detergent dog
      shampoos and wool mix can cause dermatitis.

   10.IF YOU NEED HELP, THEN YELP!
      No one can teach you everything about puppies in one hand-out, one book or in one lifetime. Our
      nurses and Vet are happy to answer any query.


Housetraining your Puppy
Dogs are born with the instinctive desire to move away from where
                                                                               “Puppies are not capable
they sleep (the nest) to relieve themselves. They will do so without
being taught as soon as they are able to. At about three weeks old
                                                                                 of hanging on for long
the puppy will start leaving the sleeping area to urinate, therefore           periods of time, so do not
dogs are pre-programmed to be housebroken – we just have to teach              get angry if puppy has an
them that the house is our nest and that they have to move to outside                  ‘accident’”
when they want to relieve themselves.

A puppy needs to be taken to the same spot in the yard at the following times:
    Immediately when waking up (first thing in the morning or after a nap)
    Shortly after each feed
    After playing or exercise
    After any excitement (i.e.: visitors or a family member arriving)
    Last thing at night
    At least once every hour


Puppies are not capable of hanging on for long periods of time, so do not get angry if puppy has an
“accident”. Punishing a puppy for having an accident does not work, instead positive reinforcement is
usually successful.

Regular feeding times and a consistent diet will produce reasonably regular toilet needs! Try and offer the
puppy a regular “toilet” ritual – have regular times, use the same door to go out, go to the same area of the
yard, choose a command phrase and use it when the puppy starts to eliminate, give the puppy a reward or
play a game when he does the right thing for you. A puppy needs to see what they have just done makes
you very happy.

Be willing to get up during the night and offer the puppy the opportunity to “toilet” outside or the alternative
is you will most likely have an accident to clean up by morning. Most puppies will eliminate straight away
when taken out at night as they have just woken from a sleep.




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               Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes

When you take your puppy outside to “toilet” during the day or at night you should wait outside until they
are finished, so rug up if it is cold. If you just leave the puppy outside alone, chances are they will just go to
the back door and wait to be let in, then have an accident when they are inside. If the puppy is distracted
when outside, just stand still and let him settle. Try and be patient, it will all be worth it at the end.
If you are leaving the puppy alone use a puppy pen, or confine him in a safe area and provide newspaper for
him to eliminate on. So don’t be surprised if you come home and find the paper ripped up and an accident
on the floor – at least it won’t be in the lounge room!

No matter how vigilant you are, generally your puppy will have a few mistakes. If, at any time, you catch the
puppy in the act of eliminating in the house use a long, low, loud NO!! This should be loud enough to
capture their attention and stop them mid-flow, but not so loud that he runs for cover. Do not punish! The
last thing you want is for the puppy to become fearful of going to the toilet in front of you, as this will make
training harder. As soon as you have the puppy’s attention, call them happily and enthusiastically, and
encourage them to follow you to the door and outside. Go to your chosen spot and use the command phrase
that he is used to. Once he has relaxed and finished, praise or reward him, take him inside to clean up the
accident. It's important that you try to get the puppy to follow you to the door instead of picking them up all
the time, so that they make the connection with “when I need to go I need to go to the back door and into
the yard.”

                             If you need to clean up accidents inside it is a good idea to used BAC spray to
                             neutralize the odour and prevent the puppy going to that spot again.

                             By following a regular pattern, your puppy will learn that the place to go to the
                             toilet is outside and will get into good habits in no time.

                             Good luck and please contact us if you need further advice or even for a pep talk
                             – we are always willing to listen and help.


Puppy Socialisation and Training

 A pack is a group of animals that live together, each dependant on the others for survival. In the
 litter, the pups are all doing their best to become the leader. When at 6-10 weeks the puppy goes to
 its new pack, (home, mum, dad and probably 2 kids), it will do its utmost to become the leader. It’s
 up to us, the handlers, to see that with mutual respect, firmness and consistent training, not
 cruelty, that the pup lives with its family in harmony as “man’s best friend”.




 Training takes many forms, all of which the pup has to get used to:
 1. LEAD, COLLAR, CHAIN.
    Get small pups used to having a collar or chain on with a lead, before actually taking the pup for
    its first walk. Make sure the collar or the chain is not too big or too heavy. Clip the lead on to the
    collar, gather it up and secure it with a rubber band so that it does not drag on the ground. Pups
    will soon get to know that this “extra thing” is nothing to be frightened of.




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               Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes


2. VOICE
     USE THREE (3) DIFFERENT TONES:

      COMMAND                            Always remember – Positive
      reinforcement
      PRAISE                                     Puppies and dogs
                                                                                  Formal Training
      thrive on praise (reward)
      REPRIMAND                                                             SIT
                                                                            Gently, never pushing the pup down
3. PLAY                                                                     in the middle of its back this can
   Puppies are not robots and cannot perform at their best 100% of          cause spinal problems later on).
   the time. Don’t forget that their motor reactions may not be fully
   developed and, just like humans they can just be having a bad
   day. They are babies and tire easily. It is important to include play    HEEL
   training, as this is a part of the puppy growing up and learning to      Encourage to heel on the left side
   interact with humans or other puppies. Remember, all “toys” or           using voice, toy or food.
   other play things should remain YOUR property – the pup should
   not be allowed to guard or possess them as this can lead to
   aggressive protectiveness.                                               STAND
                                                                            Gently position hands in the right
   Play fighting, rough play and being continually picked up should       place, not under the pup’s tummy or
   be discouraged. Puppies raised like this have a habit of growing       squeezing as this tends to make the
   up into a dog with a forceful bite – not a nice trait to contend with. pup want to get away from you. Walk
                                                                            your puppy forward, place your right
   A dog is a part of my family and should be allowed inside.               hand on his chest, use the word
   However, there are conditions, such as he has his own mat,               STAND with you left hand cupping
   doesn’t hang around the table when the family is eating and              his left rear knee. If the pup tries to
                                                                            move just walk forward and try
   knows how to behave with visitors (doesn’t jump up or become
                                                                            again.
   aggressive). Jumping up should be discouraged gently but firmly,
   as should snatching food or taking over the furniture. (It is a lot
   easier to train a puppy to do the right thing than it is to re-train a
   dog that has a lot of bad habits).
                                                                            RECALL
                                                                            Never call your pup to chastise him,
                                                                            always call him in a happy tone of
                                                                            voice. As he comes to you, crouch
                                                                            down and welcome him. Remember
              Never lose your temper with your pup.                         to be positive.
              ANGER, EMOTION & PUNISHMENT have no
              place in training. POSITIVE TRAINING,
                                                                            DROP
              praise, play, food, rather than NEGATIVE
              TRAINING, correction, reprimand,                              Gently – in front of the TV or on the
                                                                            lawn, sit your pup on your left hand
              punishment.                                                   side, place you left hand over the
              If you feel frustrated, finish your training on a             pup, gently take his left elbow while
                                                                            at the same time your right hand
              positive note and come back to it when you                    gently takes his right elbow. Say the
              have calmed down.                                             word DROP and gently raise the legs
                                                                            forward and down.

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              Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes

Puppy Handling Techniques
 Every day, groom and touch your puppy all over. Look in his ears, in his mouth and clean his teeth, so he
 learns that these are fun experiences. If he won’t let you look in his ears when all is well it will make it
 very difficult for you to put eardrops in later. Touch his paws, file his nails and practice giving him tablets
 daily. It is always much easier to teach a puppy that tablet taking is fun.
 Try to handle your puppy about 3-4 times daily as part of your normal interactions. You should look in
 his:
      Eyes – so that medicating and cleaning are easy if required;
      Ears – in case they require cleaning or medicating later;
      Mouth – for medicating and dental care;
      Paws – trimming and clipping nails, and checking for burns or cuts; and
      Hindquarters and tail – to prevent ‘bottom shyness’ and to make temperature taking easier for the
         vet. It is also important to check under the tail regularly for hidden problems such as dermatitis,
         dags and anal gland problems.

 All this should be relaxed and reassuring for your puppy. Praise, pat and give him food treats to reinforce
 the right response. If he shows resentment do not force him initially, but gradually work on the area to
 build up his confidence.

 BITING AND CHEWING
 One of the most common complaints new puppy owners have is that their puppy bites and chews.
 Puppies’ first set of teeth are needle sharp and although they do not have great jaw strength they can still
 hurt. They like to chew on lots of things, including your hands and ankles, slippers and socks and
 anything that moves.
 It’s normal for puppies to mouth and chew: they all do it and it’s a normal part of their development.
 Puppies need their own distinctly different toys and objects to chew, and chewing of these should be
 encouraged. Fresh raw trimmed bones are ideal for him to exercise his jaws and also keep teeth clean.
 Don’t give him old slippers or shoes to chew as he won’t be able to tell the difference between what’s old
 and what’s new.
 Biting or nipping your skin or clothes is not acceptable at anytime so we have to teach them in much the
 same way they learn from other dogs. Puppies learn to inhibit their bite by playing with other puppies.
 When one puppy bites the other too hard, play stops. No one likes a bully! The puppy learns that if he
 wants to continue playing he must not bite. If your puppy does bite, one big loud long “NO!” from you and
 then ignoring the puppy tells him you do
 not condone that behaviour. If he
  wants to interact then he must learn not       It is important to reinforce to puppies what the
 to bite. If the puppy persists in biting, even rules of play are:
 in play, stop the play and ignore him, or            Never play too rough.
 put him in the sin bin.
                                                       Never allow your puppy to bite, chew or
                                                        mouth you, even if it seems to be in play.
                                                       Don’t play tug-of-war games, as they can
                                                        encourage mouthiness and aggression.
                                                        There are plenty of other games, such as
                                                        Frisbee and chasing that allow you to
                                                        interact with your puppy.
                                                       Don’t wave your hands or shout if your
                                                        puppy is biting as it may excite him even
                                                        more. Walk away and ignore him instead.
                                                       REMEMBER! PUPPIES DO NOT “GROW
                                                        OUT” OUT BITING.
                                                                                            Page | 7
           Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes

  Other Common Puppy Problems…
These usually include digging, jumping up and barking.

Puppies require mental as well as physical stimulation, so walks are not enough.
In general, the majority of these unacceptable, destructive and nuisance behaviours are
exacerbated by boredom, confinement and lack of activity. Dogs are highly intelligent, active,
social animals that need activity, company and stimulation. If these basic needs of dogs aren’t
meant then we can’t blame them for taking it out on the environment.

If your dog’s passion in life is to dig, instead of trying to stop a normal behaviour, divert it.
Give him a digging pit of his own. A child’s sand pit size is ideal. Bury bones, toys, and other
treats for him to discover and reward him for digging there. It will now be a true treasure for
him to dig in, and the rest of your garden will be boring.




Most behaviours such as jumping up are best resolved by ignoring them. That means do not
look, touch or speak to your dog when he jumps. Stand still and wait until he has all four feet
on the ground, and ONLY interact with him then.

The same applies to barking. Barking is a normal behaviour of dogs and cannot be stopped.
However, it can be modified, if the causes are known. Some breeds are more likely to bark
than others. If you provide your puppy with sufficient exercise, both physical and mental, he
will bark less.




Provide your puppy with suitable toys to chew and change them regularly to maintain
interest. It also helps to not leave toys around all the time. There are many good “occupational
therapy” toys for dogs that allow them to chew so that they don’t need to destroy your pot
plants and shoes. Toys such are Kongs and Buster cubes/balls provide hours of
entertainment.




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             Mackie Family Pet Health Care Centre Puppy Notes

The Pack Leader
The ancestors of our domestic pet dogs did not live in a democratic society. They lived in what is called a pack that
had a strong hierarchical basis. Privileges went to the highest ranking individual (the pack leader) first. Once this
pack order was established amongst the animals in the group, it eliminated most fighting within the group – each
animal knew its own place. Young animals growing up in the pack, learned of their position through encounters
with others, and before long they knew their place.

This is what a new puppy in your home is experiencing. When the puppy comes to live with you it starts to get an
idea of how it fits into your family’s pack. Your puppy needs to learn that his position is to be at the bottom of the
pack, below all humans – young and old – right from the very start. In order to have this outcome, you must
establish yourself higher in rank than your puppy – you have to become the pack leader. This will make your
pet a much more acceptable member of your household and in society in general. It is also much easier to train a
dog that sees you as a superior.

A puppy that is not treated in this way, and becomes the pack leader, will make his own decisions and will
 not be in your control unless it suits him, therefore possibly resulting in aggression and other problems.
                         This applies to male and female dogs, desexed and entire.

So….
When should you start to become the pack leader?
As soon as possible, Establish strong, consistent pack rules right from the start when the new puppy comes to
your home. (This is easiest before the animal is 6 months old).
What is a good pack leader?
This is not necessarily about being the boss. It is about taking responsibility for decisions, protecting the puppy
from harm, providing food and shelter. A good pack leader does not bully others in the pack and is always fair, but
definitely in charge.

How do you become the pack leader?
Your puppy will view you as the leader if you:
    Make sure the pack leader eats first. Try and arrange your puppy’s meal time to be after he has seen you
       and the family eat first (this may not always be possible with young puppies). This is a good way of showing
       him that all humans, regardless of age, are higher in the pack.
                              DO NOT SHARE FOOD FROM THE TABLE WITH YOUR PUPPY!!
    Keep possession of toys after games. Invite your dog or puppy to play with them, but collect toys when the
       game is over.
    Win the games you play more than he does. This shows the puppy that you are stronger.
    Have a separate sleeping territory. Do not share your bed with your puppy. The pack leader always chooses
       the best place to sleep and has other territories that lower pack members are not permitted to enter. This
       could be all or some of your furniture, for example, or your bedroom.
    Enter new territory first. Dogs see doorways and stairs as territorial boundaries. They pack leader should
       ALWAYS enter these first – make the puppy wait for you to go first, then he can follow.
    Do not always respond to unnecessary demands for attention. The pack leader ignores advances when other
       things are of priority. Let your puppy see that you will give attention when you decide, not on demand.

There may be times that your puppy challenges your authority (some animals never do this). If you have a
challenge to your authority, act instantly and with enough force to let the puppy now that the behaviour is not
acceptable. Use your voice strongly, and immediate stop the puppy doing what you do not approve of. There
should be no need for physical punishment, but your response should leave no doubt to him that a challenge to
your authority is not a wise move.

Once a puppy has respect for all humans in your family pack, young and old, he will start to have the right attitude
to humans that he meets outside your home. With socialization and training he should become a pleasure to all
that encounter him.




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