Safely_ Safely_

Document Sample
Safely_ Safely_ Powered By Docstoc
					Getting the most out of
                 out of
 your Firework Display --
               Display
           Safely!




            An essential guide for
  Firework Display Organisers and Operators
        using Category 2 & 3 Fireworks
                 Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

The Firework Safety Code . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Firework Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Purchasing Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Training Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Check List for Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6, 7

Site Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8, 9

Recommended Equipment . . . . . . . . . . 10

Setting-up Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,12,13

Bonfires . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Marketing Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

Firing Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Fund Raisers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17




             First publication September 2003
                              Introduction
           The Firework Warehouse was established in 1998,
    as a family business based in Wiltshire. With experience in both
       wholesale and retail, we provide support and expertise to
              retailers and customers throughout the UK.

             Following the enormous success of our website
      www.fireworkwarehouse.co.uk which contains extensive,
     comprehensive factual information on Firework Legislation,
   we felt that there was a need to produce a straightforward guide
           for the safety of the operator and some key advice
             on getting the most out of a Firework Display.

      We hope that the information contained within this booklet
          is utilised and assists in producing excellent events
                    in a professional and safe manner.

             We also recommend that all operators attend
     one of our one-day courses which are detailed in this booklet,
                 to gain additional safety knowledge.

           The Firework Warehouse would like to extend
 their sincere thanks and gratitude to the following organisations
   for the help and advice given to them during this publication:
Wiltshire & Swindon Fire Authority, Kimbolton Fireworks (Retail) Ltd,
         CMB Insurance, Westernprint Ltd and Aitch Design.




                                              Disclaimer
 The information contained within this booklet does not override any official publications such as
    HSE and DTI Guides - it is intended only as encouragement to improve safety. Consequently,
the Firework Warehouse Limited cannot be held responsible for any misdemeanour that may occur.

                                                1
 The Firework Safety Code
   Only buy fireworks that comply with British Standards
              and are marked with BS7114.

        Do not drink alcohol if setting off fireworks.

      Keep fireworks in a closed box, preferably metal.

 Read, using a torch if necessary, and follow the instructions
                on each firework precisely.

Light fireworks at arm’s length using a taper or safety lighter.

      Stand well back at recommended safety distance.

Never approach an ignited firework that has failed to go off.

      Never carry fireworks in a pocket, or throw them.

        Always supervise children around fireworks.

        Light sparklers one at a time and wear gloves.

     Never give sparklers to children under the age of 5.

                      Keep pets indoors.




                              2
          Firework Categories
    As specified by the 1997 Firework (Safety) Regulations.



                      Category 1 - Indoor
               Fireworks suitable for indoor use.
      eg indoor sparklers, party poppers, throwdowns, etc.


                     Category 2 - Garden
         Garden fireworks suitable for restricted areas.

Recommended safety distance is minimum 5 metres (see page 8).
         If you have more space available, use it!


                     Category 3 - Display
  Display fireworks suitable for both private and public events.

Recommended safety distance is minimum 25 metres (see page 9)
         If you have more space available, use it!


                   Category 4 - Professional
                       Specialist use only.

            Not available for sale to general public,
                sold to licensed operators only.




                                3
                Purchasing Guide
    You must be 18 years of age or over to purchase fireworks,
   as it is illegal to sell fireworks to anyone under the age of 18.



              Look for the British Standard BS7114: 1988.
This should be printed on all retail fireworks offered for general sale.

                      Check that the fuse is secure.

  Check that there are no dents, bulges, cracks or splits in the casing.

           Ensure that you purchase fireworks suitable for
      the available space, ie in the correct category to suit the
    recommended safety distance. (See firework categories and
                  recommended safety distances.)

    Do not purchase sparklers for children under the age of 5 years.

    Never purchase items bearing the warning ‘This device must not
      be sold to, or used by, a member of the general public’ -
      as these will be Category 4 and for professional use only.

        Never purchase single fireworks bearing the warning
 ‘not to be sold individually, must be part of a pack’. Purchase the
 complete pack in the manufacturer’s packaging as this packaging
          will carry additional warnings and instructions.

      Please note that members of the public may only purchase
                fireworks in Categories 1, 2 and 3.




                                   4
                         Storage
      Always ensure that fireworks are kept in a dry, safe place.

           A metal filing cabinet is ideal but should be for
              the sole purpose of firework storage.

             Keep away from any flammable substances.

               We recommend that a fire extinguisher
                and/or bucket of sand is available.

               Do not smoke anywhere near fireworks.

    Keep away from any electrical equipment or sources of heat.

        Always keep fireworks within the packaging in which
    they were delivered: these cartons are designed specifically
         for the storage and transportation of explosives.

     An unlimited quantity of fireworks can be stored without
    a licence for a period of less than 14 days, providing that
  they are for private use (Explosives Act 1875, modified by the
 Control of Explosives Regulations 1991, currently under review.)



           Training Information
 The Firework Warehouse offers one-day training courses covering
      all aspects of safety procedures required for setting up a
professional firework display using Category 2 and 3 fireworks only.

           The course costs £49.95 per person (plus VAT).

    A Certificate of Attendance will be issued to each student.

       Please contact The Firework Warehouse for details –
                www.fireworkwarehouse.co.uk.




                                 5
               Check List for Events
     As the Event Organiser you accept ultimate responsibility
                for the safe running of the event.


             Set a date for the display. In the event of either
        a large display with members of the public attending
     or the inclusion of a bonfire, inform the local fire brigade.

                   If the event is either out of season
    (not around the end of October or beginning of November)
           or has a large number of the public attending,
           out of courtesy, inform the local police station.

   If you are inviting any guests, friends or organising a large scale
 event YOU MUST HAVE INSURANCE. On a small scale, if you are a
policyholder, check your house insurance cover and on a large scale,
    contact a company such as CMB Insurance on 01206 213004.

     Designate car parking well away from, and ideally upwind of,
    the display. Clearly signpost the carpark and ensure that the
entrance is separate from pedestrian access. Illuminate all entrances
 and exits where necessary as it will be dark when spectators leave.

              Provide an easy-access area for wheelchair
                     and pushchair spectators.

             If there are more than 25 people attending,
                 ensure that a first-aider is on hand.

        Look at the site plan and find a suitable firing location.
         Take account of any wind or any prevailing wind.

        Designate marshals (a minimum of 4 marshals for up to
      250 spectators, then 1 for every additional 250 spectators)
  for relevant duties, such as parking, bonfire attendant, keeping
   firing and fallout areas clear, and clearing up after the display.

    Marshals must be clearly identified (wear a fluorescent tabard)
  and be issued with torches and mobile phones or walkie-talkies.
                                   6
  Allocate a marshal to act as a lookout for the fall of fireworks and
   to check that the fallout does not cause an outbreak of fire.

  Develop a Safety Drill and evacuation plan so that all marshals can
 work together in the event of an emergency. Have a contingency
  plan for an emergency, ie nominate one person responsible for
 calling the emergency services and ensure that there is easy access
    for emergency vehicles. Each marshal should have their own
designated tasks. Make sure there is always one (or more) marshal(s)
                  spare and available on the night.

     Ensure that areas are clearly signposted ie car park; no public
      access; etc, (see marketing pack for further information).

             Check List of people that should be informed
                  before the event is advertised:

                                 • Police
                             • Fire Brigade
                        • Local First Aid Service
            • Coastguard (if within 5 miles of the Coast)
                             • Neighbours
               • Local Farmers or Keepers of Livestock
                       • Elderly Persons Homes.
                                  7
                      Site Map
                    Category 2 - Garden




                  Other items to consider:
  Ensure that the site is free of dry, cut grass and other easily
combustible materials. Inspect the site in daylight to check for
obstructions, eg trees, adjoining buildings and overhead lines.

    Avoid locations near to standing crops, stubble fields
                    or thatched cottages.
                               8
                      Site Map
                    Category 3 - Display




                  Other items to consider:
  Ensure that the site is free of dry, cut grass and other easily
combustible materials. Inspect the site in daylight to check for
obstructions, eg trees, adjoining buildings and overhead lines.

    Avoid locations near to standing crops, stubble fields
                    or thatched cottages.
                               9
     Recommended Equipment
      for Organisers and Firers
         Rope and Stakes to section off areas for spectators.
                Portfires - for lighting the fireworks.*
              First Aid Kit and clingfilm to cover burns.*
             Hard Hats - protection against any fallout.*
                   Ear Defenders - ear protection.*
                  Safety Goggles - eye protection.*
      Gloves to protect hands from portfires, cotton or leather.*
       Fluorescent Tabards - maximise visibility/identification.*
                Torches - check condition of batteries!
               Matches/Lighter - to ignite the portfires.
              Wooden Stakes - to secure the fireworks.
                     Mallets for driving in stakes.
   Strong tape, string, cable ties or line to secure fireworks stakes.
           Bin Liners or Plastic Bags to keep fireworks dry.
  Plywood Boards to provide a flat surface when setting up on grass.
        Secure Rocket Launchers (eg steel frame launchers).*
                Loud-hailer or public address system.
          Fire extinguishers and buckets of sand and water.

              *These items can be purchased through
        the Firework Warehouse, see Firing Pack (page 16).

                         Communications
     If there is more than one firer, or a Master of Ceremonies
    ensure that they are in full communication with each other,
               if necessary, via a 2-way radio or similar.
    However, your attention should be drawn to BS 6657 - The
Prevention of Accidental Ignition of Electro Explosive Devices. This
refers to the dangers of mobile phones /2-way radios in the vicinity
  of electro igniters, electric matches and cables and the dangers
    of static build-up caused by contact with plastic chairs, etc.
                                  10
                    Setting-up
       Have no more than 3 firers for any display and issue
 clear instructions as to who is firing what and in what order.
                  Rehearse your programme.

Try to recruit people with previous experience of firework displays
         or have attended a Firework Warehouse course.

If setting up on grass, make sure that the firing zone is cut short.

         Ensure that you can access each firework easily.

        Allow 1-2 metres distance between each firework.

     Do not tamper with or modify the fireworks in any way.

      Ensure posts for Catherine wheels are out of the way
                     of the main display.

                   Always set up in the daylight.

             Do not smoke when handling fireworks.

Use plastic bags to cover up all fireworks, to protect from rainfall.

        Ensure that fire extinguishers and buckets of sand,
  in addition to those being used in the display, are available.

 Always tie the fireworks behind the stakes so if they do fall over
they point away from the audience rather than towards them.
                      See example below.




                              Stakes




                           Safety Area


                                11
              Setting-up                 continued

    For better viewing, try to raise the smaller ground fireworks
              by using patio slabs and a flat surface.

      Leave spent and ‘dud’ fireworks to cool (at least 1 hour
      after lighting), then collect up using gloves or tongs.
               Immerse any ‘dud’ fireworks in water.

     Keep the public clear of the firing area until all fireworks
            and other hazards have been removed.

     Do not throw used fireworks on the bonfire as there may
       still be some live matter left which could explode.

            ALWAYS FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS
              PRINTED ON EACH FIREWORK.


                              Rockets
Fix rocket launcher (tube or frame) firmly upright in the ground.
Then rest the rocket inside tube, ensuring that it is free to launch
   when lighted. Never insert the rocket stick into the ground.
                         Roman Candles
 Fix securely in an upright position or bury them in soft ground.
   Alternatively a bucket of sand can be used to secure them.
                             Fountains
          Place on a flat surface at the front of the display.
    If it is a tall fountain, secure by fixing to an upright stake
                       or part bury in soft ground.
                              Wheels
Fix upright post into ground firmly, for maximum effect 6-8 feet
      high. Affix wheel securely ensuring wheel can rotate.
                               Mines
       Bury 50% in soft ground or fix to an upright stake.




                                 12
      Setting-up                continued

       Roman Candle Batteries (cakes)
   Attach to an upright stake, on a flat surface,
and secure by taping to stake. See example shown.




   Firework                              Tape




                                     Stake




               Firing Area layout



              Rockets, Large Mines


                 Roman Candle
                   Batteries
                  Small Mines

                Cones, Fountains,
              Lance Work Set Pieces
                Catherine Wheels


                 SAFETY AREA



                   Spectators


                       13
                         Bonfires
    Cordon off the area at a distance of twice the predicted height
(minimum distance of 40 metres). Recommended distance of at least
   15-18 metres (50-60 feet) away from buildings or sheds, trees,
hedges, fences, roads, railways and public rights of way. Ensure that
     the area is well away from overhead electric power lines.

        Keep the area clear of extraneous flammable rubbish,
       fences and trees. The public must not be permitted to
                dump rubbish on the bonfire site.

              Ensure that the area is clear of spectators
              and clearly signed ‘Danger - Keep Out’.

   Before lighting, ensure that the bonfire is free of any hazardous
      or noxious chemicals, and also any animals or children.

      For ignition DO NOT use flammable liquids: solid, domestic
    firelighters placed within the fire will ensure an even burn.

  Ensure that the car park is as far away as possible from the bonfire
   area; no petrol vehicles should be within a 50 metre distance.

         Fire extinguishers, buckets of sand and fire blankets
                       should be at the ready.

            Allocate a minimum of 2 designated marshals
            for controlling the bonfire area at all times.

              Inform your local fire station of the event.

     Never dispose of the spent or ‘dud’ fireworks on the bonfire.

              When spectators have left, ensure the fire
                  is completely extinguished.

          Light fireworks before the bonfire as stray embers
      from the bonfire could light the fireworks and the light
          from the bonfire can spoil the firework display.



                                 14
                           Marketing Pack
 To maximise both safety and sales we recommend that you purchase
          our marketing pack consisting of the following:

POSTER                                                       Size                 Individual Price

Firework Spectacular Poster . . . . . . . . . . . A2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £6.00

Firework Spectacular Poster . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £4.00

Keep Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50

Car Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50

No Smoking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50

First Aid Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50

Danger No Entry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50

Sparkler Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . £2.50


                     All posters can be purchased individually.

   The above represents the contents of one pack at a retail price of
     £25.00 plus postage and packaging at £4.95 within the UK.




                                                   15
                Firing Pack
     All items listed are available, to order,
       through the Firework Warehouse.
 Orders may be collected from one of our outlets
               or received by post:

    ITEM                                             Price

    Standard First Aid Kit (10 person) . .£17.99

    Emergency Standard Burns Kit . . . £35.00

    Hard Hat (with torch) . . . . . . . . . . . £12.99

    Ear Defenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £12.49

    Safety Goggles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £1.99

    Gloves (S, M, L, XL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £7.49

    Fluorescent Tabards
    (‘Marshal’ printed
    on back and front) . . . . . . . . . . . . . £14.99

    Rocket Launchers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £14.99

    Portfires (10 pack) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . £10.99

Due to the Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act,
             we cannot post Portfires.




                              16
                   Fund Raisers
Spectators should NOT BE ALLOWED to bring their own fireworks
 or sparklers to a Public Event as this can be VERY DANGEROUS.



                            Sparklers
      Designate an area and rope off specifically for sparklers
                      and clearly sign it.

         One person should be in charge of sparkler sales.

         Sparklers should only be lit in the designated area.

        Ensure that all children wear non-flammable gloves.

                  Only light one sparkler at a time.

      Do not give/sell sparklers to children under the age of 5.

       Provide buckets of sand or water to put used wires in.


           Glow-in-the-Dark Necklaces and Wands
      Tri-coloured glow necklaces and wands are excellent
    safe fund raisers - and ideal for children under 5 years old
                who are unable to have sparklers.


                          Wax Torches
            These can be carried (if gloves are worn)
       or used to light up driveways or designated areas.
             They burn for approximately one hour.


       All of the above items can be purchased through
    The Firework Warehouse. Due to the Transportation of
       Dangerous Goods Act, we cannot post sparklers.
 However, we can post glow-in-the-dark items and wax torches.



                                17
the firework warehouse ltd.
 70 The Green · Christian Malford · Wiltshire · SN15 4BQ
         Tel: 01225 793875 · Fax: 01225 708419
      E-mail: enquiries@fireworkwarehouse.co.uk
        Website: www.fireworkwarehouse.co.uk

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:15
posted:2/28/2011
language:English
pages:20