People's Assembly People's Assembly by gyvwpsjkko


                                                                                                   July 2005     YOUR SEAT IN PARLIAMENT

                            THIRD TERM
                    1 August – 16 September 2005

Committee Period / Oversight                               1 – 19 August
International Women’s Day                                  9 August
Plenaries                                                  22 August – 16 September
Constituency period                                        19 Sept – 7 October

                           FOURTH TERM
                    10 October – 15 December 2005

Committee Period                                           10 – 21 October
Plenaries                                                  24 October – 18 November
Introduction of the MTBPS                                  25 October
Constituency Period                                        21 November – 15 December
Leave Period                                               16 – 31 December

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      You can email us at - or send your letters to :
                                                                                                   People’s Assembly
      The Editor - Insession, P.O.Box 15, Cape Town, 8000
      For the latest activities in Parliament visit our website @            People’s Voices Shaping the Future
                        EDITORIAL                                                                                                                                                  CONGRESS OF THE
                                People’s Assembly in Kliptown – a case for                                                                                                         PEOPLE RELIVED
        INSESSION - JUNE 2005

                                deepening democracy                                                                                                                                Parliament took a step further in fulfilling its constitutional mandate of involving people
                                                                                                                                                                                   in the work of Parliament by hosting the People's Assembly on 27 June, to mark the
                                The Parliament of the Republic of South Africa will             Like it was 50 years ago, the country’s citizens in their                          anniversary of the Congress of the People and give ordinary South Africans the opportunity
                                never be the same. With a groundbreaking initiative,            diversity laid out their vision for our country. By so                             to make their voices heard on issues affecting their daily lives.
                                which saw the country’s premier institution hold a              doing they provided even more substance to the strategic
                                gathering of the people outside of its traditional seat in      shift by Parliament - from a focus on legislation, to
                                Cape Town, it can be said with confidence that the              providing more of an oversight role and increasing                                 The People’s Assembly provided a national platform for the                    on matters troubling them.
                                recently launched vision of Parliament is slowly coming         public participation - becoming a people centred                                   most marginalised communities to interact with their public
                                to pass.                                                        Parliament.                                                                        repredsentatives. About 1300 people gathered in Kliptown,                     Speaking on safety and security, the participants expressed
                                                                                                                                                                                   Soweto, where the Freedom Charter was adopted during the                      their appreciation for their constitutional rights of being free
                                The event was the People’s Assembly and the venue               We bring you, in this edition of your favourite read, a                            Congress of the People in June 1955.                                          until proven guilty, the right to a fair trial and called for the
                                Kilptown – coinciding with the 50th anniversary and             range of articles which will give you useful and exciting                                                                                                        improvement of resources available to the South African
                                the venue of the People’s Congress where the Freedom            information about several developments currently                                   Ordinary citizens, Veterans of the Congress of the People,                    Police Service (SAPS).
                                                                                                                                                                                   Members of Parliament and government Ministers, including
                                Charter was born. Thousands of South Africans from              underway underpinning this strategic shift. You will
                                                                                                                                                                                   the Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, marked                           Speaker of the National Assembly Ms Baleka Mbete said
                                diverse social, cultural and political backgrounds              particularly enjoy the story on the People’s Assembly,
                                                                                                                                                                                   the watershed moment when they re-assembled at the historic                   that the People's Assembly gives people a sense of being
                                gathered to make a powerful and important political             the launch of the new Vision and Mission, and the
                                                                                                                                                                                   site, now called the Walter Sisulu Square of Dedication,                      directly in touch with their representatives and experiencing
                                statement about their destiny. They reflected on the            NCOP’s sojourn to Mpumalanga among several other                                   named after freedom struggle icon, Walter Sisulu.                             Parliament.
                                country’s successes and challenges and together explored        captivating articles.
                                ways to strengthen our democracy.                                                                                                                  The Provincial Legislatures in each province participated                     "We really can feel that we have been talking to our people
                                                                                                Like Parliament demonstrated in the People’s Assembly                              live via a satellite link, where participants addressed issues                and that the people's voices have been heard,"
                                It was no ordinary event. The journey of a thousand             slogan - "People's Voices Shaping the Future", the time                            of public participation, safety and security, poverty and                     Ms Mbete said.
                                miles to Kliptown was an important milestone towards            for a meaningful dialogue with you has come - your                                 underdevelopment, and how South Africa belongs to all who
                                further building an effective people’s Parliament that is       voice is important to us. We will soon be announcing a                             live in it.
                                responsive to the needs of the people and that is driven        few innovations aimed at engaging you even more. Watch
                                by the ideal of creating a better quality of life for all the   this space for some very good news in the near future.                             On the issue of public participation, Public Service
                                people of South Africa.                                                                                                                            and Administration Minister Geraldine Fraser-
                                                                                                Once more, enjoy the read.                                                         Moleketi said that the event, and participant's
                                                                                                                                                                                   inputs, reflected the organic link between
                                                                                                                                                                                   government and the citizens, as they interacted

                                03     Congress of the People relived                                EDITOR
                                                                                                     Tshepang Ramosepele
                                04     Building a People’s Parliament                                                                                                                                                                                A member of the public raises her concerns with Members of Parliament at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     People’s Assembly in Kliptown.

                                05     Parliament gets a makeover                                    WRITERS
                                                                                                     Jackie Gibbs & Charmaine Rapp
                                06     SA plays key role in PAP

                                07     Challenges of fires and floods                                CONTRIBUTORS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              INSESSION - JULY 2005

                                                                                                     AK Ahmed, K Hahndiek, L Jacobs & R Kafaar
                                08     Taking Parliament to Mpumalanga
                                                                                                     K Mansura
                                09     The role of the House Chairpersons                                                                                   Ministers, Members of Parliament and representatives of civil society packed the Walter Sisulu Square of Dedication in Kliptown to discuss issues ranging from crime to poverty

                                                                                                     LAYOUT & DESIGN
                                10     Parliamentary diplomacy to be enhanced
                                                                                                     Jody Munnik
                                11     Bills introduced in Parliament during 2005
                                13     What is a Budget Vote?
                                                                                                     Jackie Zills
                                14     Hellen Zille’s constituency
                                                                                                     This publication may not be reproduced
                                15     Upcoming events
                                                                                                     for profit.

                                                                                                     Published by Parliament of South Africa.
                                                                                                     All copyrights reserved

02                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            03
                        BUILDING A PEOPLE'S
                        Parliament is undergoing a radical shift from its focus on legislation to providing more
                        of an oversight role and increasing public participation to become a Parliament of the
                        people, says Secretary to Parliament Mr Zingile Dingani.

                        Speaking at the launch of Parliament's new Vision in May, Mr Dingani explained that the time had come for Parliament
                        to focus on how legislation is affecting people's lives and how Parliament can play a role in improving the quality of
                        life for all South Africans."Our Vision, which was based on the Constitution of this country, indicates a new direction
                        for Parliament. From 1994 to this point, the emphasis was on getting rid of apartheid laws and replacing them with
                                                                                                                                                        PARLIAMENT GETS
                        progressive legislation. Now we are moving away from that and we require a more vigorous and vibrant Parliament,
                        one that oversees government programmes to ensure they impact positively on the people of our country," Mr Dingani
                                                                                                                                                        A MAKEOVER
                        "Our Vision says that we must build an effective people's Parliament, putting South Africa's people at the centre of
                                                                                                                                                        Parliament is undergoing a major facelift with the renovation of its buildings,
                        all we do. We are there to provide a service and respond to the needs of all 44 million South Africans. We are driven           offices and facilities. New office space at 90 Plein Street, the former South African
                        by the ideal of realising a better quality of life for all the people – that means serving all people equally."                 Revenue Services building, has also been created to accommodate most of
                                                                                                                                                        the Parliamentary service.
                        Launching the Vision and Strategic Objectives
                        The National Assembly and National Council of Provinces adopted Parliament's Vision on 22 February this year, and
                        it was decided to launch the Vision on 24 May, the day of Parliament's Budget Vote. In accordance with National                 The modern office complex has brought together                 "Offices in the Old Assembly and New Wing
                        Treasury regulations and the National Public Finance Management Act, Parliament also tabled its strategic plan, which           departments such as public affairs, researchers,               surrounding the National Assembly will be re-allocated
                        is a document that contains Parliament's Vision, Mission, Values and plans to achieve its goals.                                committee and language services that were previously           to staff that deal directly with Members. The central
                                                                                                                                                        scattered throughout Parliament and its surrounds.             buildings of Parliament will concentrate on Members'
                        "Although Parliament does not fall under these regulations, we have chosen to follow good practice and have tabled              The building boasts impressive conference and meeting          facilities, helping them save time in processing
                        the first strategic plan in Parliament's history," says Manager of Strategic and Business Planning Mr Herbus Burger.            space, improved security and facilities for staff.             payments and accessing staff that were formerly
                        The strategic plan was tabled in the unique format of a map, providing a snapshot of how the aspects interrelate and                                                                           scattered around Parliament," says Mr Klassen. A
                        how they will be implemented. "This map embodies where we are going to, including the projects we will be embarking             Committee facilities upgraded                                  separate entrance will also be created for Members in
                        on and even a detailed breakdown of the services provided by Parliament in an easy-to-understand format,"                       Almost R30 million has been allocated for the                  the Old Assembly to improve security and access, says
                        says Mr Burger.                                                                                                                 renovation of Parliament, with R15                                             Mr Klassen.
                                                                                                                                                        million set aside by the Department of
                        THE VISION OF PARLIAMENT                                                                                                        Public Works for the upgrading of                                                 Mr Klassen says Parliament brought in
                                                                                                                                                        committee meeting venues and facilities.                                          the expertise of its Artworks Office
                        To build an effective people’s Parliament that is responsive to the needs of the people                                                                                                                           Curator Rayda Becker and interior
                        and that is driven by the ideal of realising a better quality of life for all the people                                        "Committee rooms will undergo a total                                             designers from the Department of Public
                        of South Africa.                                                                                                                revamp to improve facilities for                                                  Works, to ensure a balance is kept
                                                                                                                                                        Members of Parliament and visitors.                                               between preserving the original
                                                                                                                                                        Each committee room will be tiled and                                             Victorian decor and modernising the
                        The Vision process                                                                                                              new furniture will be procured," says                                             facilities. Many of the finishes and the
                        The process of developing Parliament's Vision began with consulting all the stakeholders.                                       Division Manager of Institutional                                                 flooring are irreplaceable and great care
                        "The previous Speaker and the current Speaker in particular have placed a lot of emphasis on the Vision, as well as             Support Mr Lionel Klassen.                                                        must be taken when restoring these

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       INSESSION - JULY 2005

                        the previous and current Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces," explains Deputy Secretary to Parliament                                                                                               original finishes.
                        Mr Michael Coetzee.                                                                                                             Improving services for Members           New carpets have livened up the stairs
                        "The Vision is the culmination of various vision encounters and summits that were held. It has been written up based            Facilities for Members, such as the      in the Old Assembly (above) and the
                                                                                                                                                                                                 National Assembly meeting venue
                        on input received from Members of Parliament as well as management and staff."                                                  Members' Bar, will be redecorated and    E249 (below)
                                                                                                                                                        office space close to the National
                        From Vision to strategies
                                                                                                                                                        Assembly Chamber will be converted
                        Parliament has identified three key goals to reach its Vision. The first is to build a process of scrutinising and overseeing
                                                                                                                                                        into meeting lounges for Ministers and
                        government's action. Second is to deepen public participation and third is to build an effective and efficient institution.
                                                                                                                                                        Members to entertain visitors or hold
                        "In terms of public participation, many think that the Members of Parliament need to tell people what they are doing,
                                                                                                                                                        discussions. Members' offices are
                        yet it is supposed to be other way around. The people of this country need to tell Parliament what it needs to do on
                                                                                                                                                        sporting much-needed new carpets and
                        their behalf," says Mr Dingani.
                                                                                                                                                        new carpeting has been laid in the Old
                                                                                                                                                        Assembly Chamber, the National
                        In order to achieve the third goal, Parliament is re-building its IT and data systems. "This project will bring some
                                                                                                                                                        Assembly Chamber and the public
                        drastic changes to the environment at Parliament,” says Mr Dingani. “One of its major spin-offs will be the introduction
                        of a new travel system for Members of Parliament, replacing the old voucher system that was prone to manipulation
                        and abuse."                                                                                                                                                                                                       Committee meetings are held in the brand new boardrooms
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          in the 90 Plein Street building, which formerly housed the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          South African Revenue Service

04                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     05
                        SA PLAYS KEY ROLE IN
                        PAN-AFRICAN PARLIAMENT
                        As the Pan-African Parliament (PAP) continues to grow and develop, it has already shown
                        its willingness to tackle the difficult challenges facing Africa. And South Africa has proven
                        to be a key role-player in this development.
                                                                                                                                                                  Portfolio on Housing Committee Chairperson, Mrs Zoliswa Kota and
                                                                                                                                                                  the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly, Mrs Gwen Mahlangu-Nkabinde      Participants at the conference on the Challenges of Fire and Floods
                        In launching its new vision in 2005, the Parliament of South         controversial issues like Darfur, it enhances the credibility        address the Challenges of Fire and Floods in Human Settlements conference.   in Human Settlements discuss disaster solutions.
                        Africa committed itself to playing a greater oversight function      of the Parliament," says South African member of the mission
                        over government. It is this commitment and South Africa's            to Darfur Advocate Zwelethu Madasa.
                        leadership in promoting democracy and good governance
                        on the continent that perhaps prompted the Pan-African
                        Parliament to choose South Africa to draft its guidelines for
                                                                                             In adopting a resolution calling on the African Union to
                                                                                             make every effort possible to resolve the conflict, the Pan-
                                                                                                                                                                                         CHALLENGES OF FIRES
                        oversight and accountability.

                        "When the Rules and Privileges Committee met last year,
                                                                                             African Parliament urged the AU to extend the mandate of
                                                                                             its soldiers to include the protection of civilians in Sudan's
                                                                                             troubled Darfur region.
                                                                                                                                                                                         AND FLOODS
                        it requested that South Africa draft a discussion document
                        on the oversight role of the Pan-African Parliament," said           "The government of Sudan is happy for the Pan-African                                         Every year thousands of people are affected by fires and floods in South Africa. Human
                        National Council of Provinces Chairperson Mr Mninwa                  Parliament to play an oversight role," says Mr Mahlangu.
                        Mahlangu.                                                            “We can make recommendations to the structures and organs
                                                                                                                                                                                           settlements are particularly vulnerable. On 19 and 20 April the Portfolio Committee on
                                                                                             of the AU, which can recommend these to the UN, and steps                                     Housing held a groundbreaking conference on the Challenges of Fire and Floods in
                        "South Africa presented the guidelines at the Third Session          can be taken to resolve these issues."                                                        Human Settlements.
                        of the Parliament in March and the document will be
                        disseminated throughout member countries for their input             Trust fund boost for budget
                        before we host a workshop to discuss a final draft,” said            With an approved budget of only R30 million and member
                                                                                                                                                                                           The conference came about as a result of visits the              were invited as well as organisations and individuals
                        Mr. Mahlangu.                                                        states struggling to pay their contributions, the Parliament
                                                                                                                                                                                           Portfolio Committee on Housing undertook in the                  with expertise in these areas.
                                                                                             has been forced to find alternative sources of funding in
                        It was during this Session that the urgent need arose for PAP        order to continue its operations.                                                             provinces. The committee visited various communities             Although the conference was closed to members of
                        and the AU to establish a code of conduct for member states                                                                                                        and saw first-hand the devastation caused by fires in            the general public, representatives from national
                        to abide by. The Rules Committee then requested that South             "We can't rely only on the resources available from the AU,"                                settlements like Joe Slovo and Alexandra. They visited           community-based organisations and NGOs were invited
                        Africa also draft its Code                                                                                   Pan-African Parliament                                areas in Limpopo, Kwa-Zulu Natal, the Eastern Cape               to participate.
                        of Conduct.                                                                                                  President Gertrude                                    and Western Cape that are often ravaged by floods.
                                                                                                                                     Mongella said, pointing                                                                                                “There is a Disaster Management Act but it remains
                        "The Code guides the way                                                                                     out that less than 20 AU                              The purpose of the conference was also designed to               a strategy in the policy document at a national level.
                        members should behave.                                                                                       members had paid their                                increase awareness around the issue and to bring                 We need to ensure the implementation of that strategy
                        It stipulates that members                                                                                   dues by the time the                                  together role-players in housing, disaster management            at lower levels and to monitor its impact on the ground.
                        must vote in their own                                                                                       budget was discussed last
                                                                                                                                                                                           and government to discuss the problem and work out               This will ensure that people in the communities
                        capacity, because we are                                                                                     year. It is hoped that the
                                                                                                                                                                                           lasting solutions. The conference focused on                     themselves can manage fires and floods,” explained
                        here to represent the                                                                                        creation of a trust fund
                        people, not for our votes                                                                                    will go a long way to                                 minimising, even eliminating the impact of natural               Chairperson of the Portfolio Committee on Housing,
                        to be bought," said Mr                                                                                       assisting in this regard.                             disasters on housing delivery.                                   Mrs Zoliswa Kota.
                                                         South African Minister of Foreign Affairs, Nkosazama Dlamini-Zuma and
                        Mahlangu.                                                                                                    The fund will not only
                                                      Pan-African Parliament President, Gertrude Mongella address a press conference
                                                                                                                                     accept cash donations, but                            The culmination of the conference was a declaration              Municipalities need to budget for areas that are prone
                        "Personal interests in companies must be declared to prevent contributions of expertise, technology and communications.                                            containing a statement of intent, understanding and              to fire and floods in their Integrated Development
                        members influencing the tender process. They must excuse                                                                                                           commitment in terms of the prevention of fire and                Planning (IDP) plans. This ensures that there is more

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       INSESSION - JULY 2005

                        themselves before a committee or the House and cannot                  In terms of South Africa's contribution to the running costs                                floods. In the declaration, delegates reaffirmed their           spending on prevention strategies rather than reacting
                        debate a tender that they hold a stake in."                            of the Parliament, Mr Mahlangu said that South Africa was                                   commitment to prevent fire and floods in human                   when the situation arises. Joint planning improves
                                                                                               making an enormous contribution.                                                            settlements that have catastrophic consequences for              efforts and results. Mrs Kota emphasised the need to
                        Peace and Security
                                                                                                                                                                                           poor people, and recognised the challenge presented              ensure that houses are built on safer land.
                        One of the major focus areas of the Pan-African Parliament "We are currently running on temporary staff
                                                                                                                                                                                           to prevent these types of environmental hazards.
                        is peace and security, with emphasis on the ongoing conflict from our national Parliament and from the provinces which
                        in Cote d'Ivoire, the Great Lakes region, Togo and Sudan.              we are paying for. The buildings we are using to house the                                                                                                    “Municipalities need to monitor and enforce
                        The Pan African Parliament has taken a resolution to send Parliament were built by South Africa and transport is also                                              Among the resolutions included in the declaration                legislation. We need to develop national awareness
                        a fact-finding mission to Cote d'Ivoire to monitor a new               South Africa's cost.                                                                        were: to ensure that the necessary legislation, policy           programmes to prevent fire and floods. People need
                        South African-brokered peace deal in the west African nation.                                                                                                      and regulatory frameworks are in place to regulate,              to know how to react when they move into their new
                        The mission would be the second to be undertaken by the                "We are contributing enormously at the moment and I hope                                    control and prevent fire and floods in human                     homes,” she pointed out.
                        Pan African Parliament, following a similar visit to Darfur, that once the issue of the trust fund has been finalised, South                                       settlements, and to encourage the use and development
                        Sudan.                                                                 Africa will be interested in putting money into fund, because                               of safe alternative fuels.                                       The declaration was handed over to the Deputy Speaker
                                                                                               we are the host country and would like to see the Pan-                                                                                                       of the National Assembly Mrs Gwen Mahlangu-
                        "Every time you create an institution, the first question is           African Parliament succeed."                                                                More than 150 delegates attended the conference.                 Nkabinde, who will take the declaration to Parliament
                        what value it can add. So when we are seen to tackle
                                                                                                                                                                                           Representatives from the public and private sectors              for debate.

06                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     07
                        TAKING PARLIAMENT                                                                                                                                                                      THE ROLE OF THE
                        TO MPUMALANGA                                                                                                                                                                          HOUSE CHAIRPERSONS
                        As part of its Taking Parliament to the People programme, the National Council of                                                                                                      The House Chairpersons in the National Assembly play an important role in providing
                        Provinces (NCOP) held a sitting in KwaMhlanga, Mpumalanga from 14 to 18 March.                                                                                                         support to the Presiding Officers. They help oversee the effective functioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                               of the institution.
                        The purpose for relocating the entire House to Mpumalanga was to promote public
                        participation in the work of Parliament.

                        The NCOP visit to Mpumalanga gave the Council the                 The visit culminated with Deputy President Jacob Zuma’s
                        opportunity to meet its electorate and inform them about          address to the NCOP on the final day of the NCOP sitting.
                        the work that Parliament does. But this is not all these
                        visits set out to do.                                             The NCOP wrote a comprehensive report based on its
                                                                                          findings in Mpumalanga, which was adopted by the House
                        “This programme also serves as an opportunity to inform           on 9 June. The next step will be for select Committees to
                        and educate our people about the programmes available             isolate issues that relate to their portfolios and design a
                        from government and how they could take advantage of              follow-up action programme. The follow-up will be done
                        them,” the Chairperson of the NCOP Mr Mninwa Mahlangu             as part of their oversight work.                                                               House Chairpersons in the National Assembly (from left to right): Mr Nkosinathi Nhleko, Mrs Celia-Sandra Botha and Mr Geoff Doidge
                        said during a media briefing. “Our observation is that
                        more public awareness is necessary to enable our people           Ultimately, the NCOP believe, that Taking Parliament to
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Section 52(5) of the Constitution makes provision for the              assigned to the Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of
                        to benefit from the services being provided by                    the People strengthens Parliament’s vision of creating a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               National Assembly to elect Members of Parliament as                    Committees. In the event of the absence of both the
                        government,” added Mr Mahlangu.                                   people’s Parliament that is responsive to the needs of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Presiding Officers to assist the Speaker and Deputy                    Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, one of the House
                                                                                          people in order to realise a better quality of life for all.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Speaker. For this reason the House appointed a Chairperson             Chairpersons would be designated to act as Speaker.
                        The visit gives people in the province, who may not be            That is why it is committed to practising oversight.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               of Committees and a Deputy Chairperson of Committees
                        in a position to visit Parliament, the chance to talk face-
                                                                                                                                                                                                               in 1994.                                                               The House immediately afterwards, on a motion by the
                        to-face with their public representatives. As a means of          Taking Parliament to the People was adopted by the NCOP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Deputy Chief Whip of the Majority Party, unanimously
                        achieving this, Members of Parliament divided into groups         three years ago. The programme began with a visit to
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Soon after the establishment of the Third Parliament in                appointed Mr Nkosinathi Nhleko, Mr Geoff Doidge and
                        and visited schools, health centres, farms and Extended           Umtata in the Eastern Cape, Taung in the North West and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               April 2004, the newly elected Speaker, Ms Baleka Mbete                 Mrs Celia-Sandra Botha as House Chairpersons. Mrs
                        Public Works projects in the KwaMhlanga area. Members             Empangeni in KwaZulu-Natal in November 2004.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               presented proposals to strengthen the Office of the Speaker.           Botha is a member of the Democratic Alliance, the largest
                        were exposed to the living conditions and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               It was agreed that in the interim the House should only                opposition party in the Assembly.
                        issues the rural community face on a
                                                                                                                                                                                                               appoint the Chairperson of Committees who would need
                        daily basis.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               to assist immediately with the co-ordination of committee              In an updated document on the role of the House
                                                                                                                                                                                                               activities in the new Parliament. The House appointed Mr               Chairpersons, dated 7 July, the following operational
                        Members of the public also had the opportunity
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Geoff Doidge as Chairperson of Committees in May.                      areas, amongst others, were allocated to the individual
                        to ask questions and raise their concerns at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      House Chairpersons:
                        meetings and public hearings. Issues such as
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Formal proposals were then developed for the creation of               Mrs Botha: Members’ facilities; finalisation of policies
                        the progress with local government legislation,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               a panel of three House Chairpersons who would be                       on leave for Members, artworks management, exhibitions
                        social security, education, water, women, youth
                                                                                                                                                                                                               appointed by the House to assist the Speaker and Deputy                and the library; monitoring of Household Services; chairing
                        and people with disabilities were covered.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Speaker. In presenting these proposals to the Rules                    of quarterly meetings with caucus
                        Some members of the public also made written
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Committee in June, the Speaker indicated that over the                 chairpersons/representatives.
                        submissions. Among the public’s concerns
                                                                                                                                                                                                               past 10 years it had become clear that the workload of the             Mr Nhleko: Taking charge of the investigation currently
                        was the backlog in the provision of classrooms
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Office of the Speaker needed to be spread more widely                  under way in regard to Parliament’s functions to oversee
                        and the availability of properly qualified

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    INSESSION - JULY 2005

                                                                                                                                                                                                               in order to provide effective leadership in this vast and              executive action and hold the executive to account; labour
                        teachers, slow service delivery at local
                                                                                                                                                                                                               complex institution. This would enable her Office to be                relations; information, communication and technology;
                        government level and the lack of proper
                                                                                                                                                                                                               in touch with, and monitor, all aspects of the functioning             public education unit.
                        infrastructure and skills.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               of the institution and to provide guidance where necessary             Mr Doidge: Implementation of policies and guidelines on
                                                                          Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces Mr Mninwa Mahlangu addresses a meeting during the council’s
                                                                          Taking Parliament to the People visit to Mpumalanga in March.                                                                        before problems developed. It would also make it possible              the scheduling and co-ordination of committee meetings
                        Representatives from the various government
                                                                                                                                                                                                               for the Speaker and Deputy Speaker to simultaneously                   as well as the general management of all Assembly
                        departments were on hand to answer questions
                                                                                                                                                                                                               focus more on strategic responsibilities and tasks.                    committees and sub-committees.
                        from the public. Speaking about the responsibility of the
                        NCOP, Mr Mahlangu said, ‘Our responsibility is not to
                        set targets for government for the resolution of the
                                                                                             “Members of the public also                                                                                       The Rules Committee agreed with the proposal in principle              The document emphasised that the role of the House
                                                                                                                                                                                                               and on the next day, the House adopted a motion                        Chairpersons would evolve over time. In general terms,
                        challenges that were raised here. Our duty is to assist              had the opportunity to ask                                                                                        establishing three positions of House Chairperson to be                although they would be required to interact with the
                        government to meet the targets they set by pointing out              questions and raise their                                                                                         appointed by the House.                                                Parliamentary Administration, the intention was not that
                        any gaps that exist and by ensuring that they have the
                        necessary resources and capacity to do the things that they
                                                                                             concerns at meetings and                                                                                                                                                                 they would take over management responsibilities. They

                        want to do.’                                                         public hearings ...”                                                                                              The House Chairpersons would be required to preside at                 would instead provide an interface between political
                                                                                                                                                                                                               sittings of the House whenever requested to do so by the               perspectives and administrative support measures and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Speaker. The Speaker would also allocate them functions                regularly report to the Speaker and an Assembly Presiding
                                                                                                                                                                                                               and responsibilities, including any functions previously               Officers’ Forum.

08                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  09
                                                                                                                                                       BILLS INTRODUCED IN
                        PARLIAMENTARY                                                                                                                  PARLIAMENT DURING 2005
                        DIPLOMACY TO BE                                                                                                                Twenty-one Bills have been introduced in Parliament so far this year, ranging from

                        ENHANCED                                                                                                                       finance bills, which could allocate money for government spending, to personal
                                                                                                                                                       property legislation and Bills to protect the natural environment. We take a brief look
                                                                                                                                                       at some of them.
                        The process of formulating an international relations policy for Parliament is an
                        exciting phase in the institution's growth and development.                                                                    SA Abattoir Corporation Act Repeal Bill [B21 – 2005]         boundaries of certain municipalities that overlap and
                                                                                                                                                       This bill repeals the South African Abattoir Corporation     amends the Local Government: Cross-boundary
                                                                                                                                                       Act of 1992. This Act provides for the incorporation of      Municipalities Act, 2000.
                        Parliamentarians are becoming far more involved in              and individual African countries are enhanced                  the South African Abattoir Corporation (Abakor) into         The Prevention of Illegal Eviction from and Unlawful
                        foreign affairs and relations at both a bilateral and           and strengthened.                                              a public company. Since Abakor has been liquidated,          Occupation of Land Amendment Bill [B11 - 2005]
                        multilateral level. Recent studies point to evidence of                                                                        there is no longer a need for the Act.                       The Bill changes the definition of land in the Prevention
                        the increase of parliamentary inputs in world affairs,          An International Relations Policy for Parliament                                                                            of Illegal Eviction from and Unlawful Occupation of
                        as well as a significant growth in the number of                Besides the transformation of the International                Taxation Laws Second Amendment Bill [B20 - 2005]             Land Act of 1998, to include a portion of land, buildings
                        international parliamentary bodies. This phenomenon             Relations Section to a research and policy driven organ        Taxation Laws Amendment Bill [B19 of 2005]                   and structures. This Bill makes it illegal to receive
                        has conveniently been dubbed ‘parliamentary                     of Parliament, international relations policy is also in       This bill amends laws relating to income tax and property    payment for helping someone occupy land without the
                        diplomacy.’                                                     the process of being revisited. The IR Section has been        transfer duties in line with the Minister of Finance's       owner's permission. It also changes the procedures for
                                                                                        tasked by the Joint Rules Committee to develop a               Budget as announced in February. This bill increases         evicting people who occupy land illegally.
                        Parliamentary diplomacy is essentially defined as all           policy document containing the core values that inform         the threshold of transfer duties, changes the rates of tax
                        the activities and actions that parliamentary bodies            Parliament’s approach to international relations.              for individuals and companies and customs and excise         Sectional Titles Amendment Bill [B10 - 2005]
                        and their members take in international relations.                                                                             duties.                                                      The Sectional Titles Amendment Bill amends the
                        Increasingly, the international nature of issues of public      The central question of a discussion document that is                                                                       definition of 'exclusive use areas' in the Sectional Titles
                        interest such as security, the environment, human               currently being developed by IR is: what are the core          National Credit Bill [B18 - 2005]                            Act of 1986 and allows owners to extend their section
                        rights, culture and trade affect parliamentarians in            values that should guide and influence Parliament’s            This Bill aims to increase consumer protection and           boundaries or floor area.
                        their daily work and require increased interaction with         approach to international relations, given the increased       promote responsible credit use. It aims to improve
                        their counterparts in other countries. In recent years,         role that Parliamentarians play in shaping                     competition and transparency in the credit market and        Convergence Bill [B9 - 2005]
                        the impact of parliamentarians on the international             international affairs?                                         reduce over-indebtedness and reckless lending.               This Bill promotes convergence in the broadcasting,
                        scene has led to the accelerated development of                                                                                                                                             broadcasting signal distribution and telecommunications
                        parliamentary diplomacy.                                        Core values are essentially central values that are the        Patents Amendment Bill [B17 - 2005]                          sectors and provides the legal framework for the
                                                                                        fundamental and guiding principles to a particular             This Bill amends the Patents Act of 1978 to insert certain   convergence of these sectors.
                        As the nature of the tasks assigned to Parliamentarians         approach. In the context of international relations, the       definitions and it requires that people applying for
                        change, so will the nature of the services offered by           core values will act as a guide to Parliament’s relations      patents must provide information about any indigenous,       Division of Revenue Bill [B8 - 2005]
                        the International Relations (IR) Section evolve. This           with other national legislatures and multilateral              biological, genetic resource or traditional knowledge        The Division of Revenue Bill divides the budget between
                        evolution has already begun with the restructuring of           organisations.                                                 used in an invention.                                        national, provincial and local government. The Bill also
                        IR from a Unit to a Section within Parliament.                                                                                                                                              allows Cabinet Ministers to monitor provinces and
                        Furthermore, IR has now been divided into three                 These values will allow Parliament to make strategic           Defence Special Account Amendment Bill                       municipalities and make recommendations to improve
                        focussed Units namely, Bilateral, Multilateral                  decisions about establishing bilateral and multilateral        [B15 - 2005]                                                 service delivery.
                        and Africa.                                                                                       relations with               This Bill amends the Defence Special Account Act of
                                                                                                                          particular countries         1974, to bring it in line with certain Acts of Parliament.   Appropriation Bill [B7 - 2005]
                        While the Bilateral desk                                                                          and organisations                                                                         This Bill states how the national government will spend

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  INSESSION - JULY 2005

                        will focus on relations                                                                           and direct                   Armaments Corporation of South Africa, Limited               its budget. Once all the Budget Votes for each
                        with other parliaments                                                                            Parliamentarians in          Amendment Bill [B14 - 2005]                                  government department have been debated, the National
                        and governments, the                                                                              their approach to            This Bill amends the Armaments Corporation of South          Assembly votes on the Appropriation Bill and it is sent
                        Multilateral desk aims                                                                            policy decisions             Africa, Limited Act of 2003 to remove the Chief of the       to the National Council of Provinces for agreement.
                        to further strengthen                                                                             relating to                  South African National Defence Force as a member of
                        relations between                                                                                 parliamentary                the Board of Directors of the Armaments Corporation          Close Corporations Amendment Bill [B6 - 2005]
                        Parliament and various                                                                            diplomacy.                   of South Africa, Limited.                                    The Bill amends the Close Corporation Act of 1984,
                        multilateral bodies such                                                                                                                                                                    allowing a court to make an order in respect of a
                        as the Inter-                                                                                           Once a set of core     South African Sports Commission Act Repeal Bill              corporation and to allow a corporation to appoint another
                        Parliamentary Union                                                                                     values are developed   [B13 - 2005]                                                 corporation as accounting officer.
                        (IPU) and the                Parliament’s involvement in international diplomacy has increased          and proposed at the    This Bill dissolves the South African Sports Commission
                        Commonwealth                                                                                            next Joint Rules       and sets up Sport and Recreation South Africa.               Citation of Constitutional Laws Bill [B5 - 2005]
                        Parliamentary Association (CPA). The Africa Desk                   Committee meeting, these values will be debated and                                                                      This Bill provides that in future, no Act number is to
                        has been established to give effect to Parliament's                discussed so that a final list of values can be compiled.   Re-determination of the Boundaries of Cross-                 be associated with the Constitution or to laws amending
                        strong focus on our continent and more specifically,               It is suggested that these values will eventually form      boundary Municipalities Bill [B12 - 2005]                    the Constitution.
                        to ensure that our relations with the African Union                the basis of Parliament’s international relations policy.                                                                                                   pg 12
                                                                                                                                                       This Bill allows for the re-determination of the

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                        BILLS INTRODUCED IN                                                                                                                                                                  MATERIAL (PART1)
                        PARLIAMENT DURING 2005
                                                                                                                                               WHAT IS A
                        Co-operatives Bill [B4 - 2005]
                        This Bill provides for the formation and registration of
                                                                                    Defence Special Account Amendment Bill [B15 - 2005]
                                                                                    Armaments Corporation of South Africa, Limited
                                                                                                                                               BUDGET VOTE?
                        co-operatives, the establishment of a Co-operatives         Amendment Bill [B14 - 2005]
                        Advisory Board, the winding up of co-operatives and         South African Sports Commission Act Repeal
                                                                                                                                               At the beginning of each year, the Minister of Finance presents the Budget for
                        the repeal of Act 91 of 1981.                               Bill [B13 - 2005]                                          South Africa in Parliament, setting out how much money the government will
                                                                                    Re-determination of the Boundaries of Cross-boundary       spend over the next year.
                        Intergovernmental Relations Framework                       Municipalities Bill [B12 - 2005]
                        Bill [B3B - 2005]                                           Prevention of Illegal Eviction From and Unlawful
                        This Bill aims to strengthen and facilitate relations       Occupation of Land Amendment Bill [B11 - 2005]             Control over the Budget is important, so it is significant
                        between the national, provincial and local governments      Sectional Titles Amendment Bill [B10 - 2005]               that the budget is presented in Parliament, which is
                        and facilitate the settlement of intergovernmental          Convergence Bill [B9 - 2005]                               made up of representatives elected by the people of
                        disputes. The Minister for Provincial and Local             Close Corporations Amendment Bill [B6 - 2005]              South Africa. One of the first ways in which the people
                        Government is authorised to issue guidelines for            Citation of Constitutional Laws Bill [B5 - 2005]           challenged the power of the old Kings in Europe was
                        coordinating development priorities and objectives across   Co-operatives Bill [B4 - 2005]                             to refuse to pay tax unless they had a say in how their
                        the different spheres of government.                        Intergovernmental Relations Framework Bill [B3 - 2005]     money was spent. This is why people say “no taxation
                                                                                    Judicial Matters Amendment Bill [B2 - 2005]                without representation”. It is a democratic principle
                        Judicial Matters Amendment Bill [B2 - 2005]                 Minerals and Energy Laws Amendment Bill [B1 - 2005]        in our Constitution that the government can only spend
                        This Bill amends the following laws:                        Compulsory HIV Testing of Alleged Sexual Offenders         money if it has first been approved by Parliament.
                        l  Insolvency Act, 1936, which enables the Minister         Bill [B10 - 2003]                                          This gives Parliament a lot of power to check that the
                           of Justice to regulate the appointment of trustees,      Petroleum Products Amendment Bill [B16 - 2004]             President and the Cabinet are fulfilling their mandate
                           provisional trustees and co-trustees by the Masters      Sterilisation Amendment Bill [B12B of 2004]                from the people.
                           of the High Courts                                       Children's Bill [B70 - 2003]
                        l Administration of Estates Act, 1965, which provides       Older Person's Bill [B68 - 2003]                           After the Minister of Finance has presented the Budget,
                                                                                    Road Accident Fund Amendment Bill [B64 - 2003]             each Parliamentary Committee holds hearings with
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Why the Budget is important
                           for the appointment of a Chief Master of the
                           High Courts                                              Superior Courts Bill [B52 - 2003]                          the government department for which that committee           to you
                        l Companies Act, 1973, which enables the Minister           Criminal Law Sexual Offences Amendment                     is responsible to discuss their budgets for the year.        The money for the Budget is collected from you, the
                           of Justice to regulate the appointment of liquidators,   Bill [B50 - 2003]                                          This is the beginning of the Budget Vote process. The        taxpayer. People who earn money pay taxes, while
                           provisional liquidators, co-liquidators and              National Ports Bill [B5 - 2003]                            Committee can also check whether the department has          companies pay tax on their profits. All South Africans
                           provisional judicial managers by the Masters of the      Child Justice Bill [B49 - 2002]                            kept its promises of the previous year and whether it        pay VAT (Value-Added Tax) when we buy groceries
                           High Courts                                              Judicial Officers Amendment Bill [B72 - 2001]              spent taxpayers’ money properly.                             or services. There are also many special taxes, which
                        l Close Corporations Act, 1984, which enables the                                                                                                                                   contribute to the Budget, such as taxes on imported
                           Minister of Justice to regulate the appointment of                                                                  When the Committees have finished discussing the             goods, cigarettes and alcohol.
                                                                                    Recent Acts                                                different Budget Votes, they are debated in the National
                           liquidators by the Masters of the High Courts
                                                                                    The following bills were signed into law by the
                           These amendments do not require individual                                                                          Assembly and National Council of Provinces. In these         The Budget must be spent in ways that will most
                                                                                    President in 2005:
                           amendment Bills.                                                                                                    Budget debates, the Ministers report on the work done        benefit the public. Houses must be built, health services
                                                                                    Appropriation Act
                                                                                                                                               by their departments in the past year. At the same           and education must be provided. The police and courts
                                                                                    Division of Revenue Act
                        Minerals and Energy Laws Amendment                                                                                     time, parties have the opportunity to comment on or          must protect society. Transport, water and electricity
                                                                                    National Energy Regulator Act
                        Bill [B1 - 2005]                                                                                                       criticise the way in which government chooses to             must be planned for and provided. There are many
                                                                                    National Environmental Management:
                                                                                                                                               prioritise its spending and make alternative proposals.      services that must be provided with the allocated

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        INSESSION - JULY 2005

                        This Bill corrects amendments made to the Deeds
                                                                                    Air Quality Act
                        Registries Act, 1937, by the Mining Titles Registration                                                                This means that every year, there is an open discussion      budget.
                                                                                    Choice on Termination of Pregnancy Amendment
                        Amendment Act, 2003, and the Mineral and Petroleum                                                                     amongst parties in Parliament on the way each state
                        Resources Development Act, 2002. The Schedule to the                                                                   department is run.                                           The money that government spends is tax payers
                                                                                    Financial Services Ombud Schemes Act
                        Mining Titles Registration Amendment Act, 2003 is                                                                                                                                   money. This means that we have a right and a
                                                                                    Traditional Health Practitioners Act
                        substituted and certain expressions in Schedule I to the                                                               After all the Budget Vote have been debated, each            responsibility to make sure that the money is spent
                                                                                    Protection of Constitutional Democracy Against Terrorist
                        Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act,                                                                       House must decide on all the votes. If the budget is         well. Individual citizens can make a contribution to
                                                                                    and related Activities Act
                        2002 are repealed.                                                                                                     approved, the Ministers can go ahead and spend the           influence the Budget by watching out for corruption
                                                                                    National Environmental Management: Protected areas
                                                                                                                                               money as budgeted. If Parliament rejects the Budget,         in the civil service and reporting those who are
                                                                                    Amendment Act
                        Full list of Bills                                                                                                     the government will usually resign and an election           improperly spending public money. There are also
                                                                                    Water Services Amendment Act
                        before Parliament:                                                                                                     will need to be held to elect a new government,              ways to act together as groups or organisations and
                                                                                    Securities Services Act
                        South African Abattoir Corporation Act                                                                                 although this has not yet happened in South Africa.          we can talk to our Parliamentary representatives if we
                                                                                    Second Revenue Laws Amendment Act
                        Repeal Bill [B21 - 2005]                                                                                               Parliament also has a Budget Vote that sets out how          are worried about the way government offices are
                                                                                    Revenue Laws Amendment Act
                        National Credit Bill [B18 - 2005]                                                                                      much money it has to spend for the next year and how         doing their work.
                                                                                    Taxation Laws Second Amendment Act
                        Patents Amendment Bill [B17 - 2005]                                                                                    it will spend that money. This money is used to fund
                                                                                    Taxation Laws Amendment Act
                                                                                                                                               the running of Parliament and the constituency offices
                                                                                                                                               for Members of Parliament.

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                        HELEN ZILLE’s
                        CONSTITUENCY                                                                                                                        UPCOMING EVENTS
                        Although her constituency stretches from Langa to
                                                                                                                                                            Parliament will be undertaking a number of special events over the next few months. They include:
                        Khayelitsha in Cape Town, Crossroads is obviously
                        an area that is close to Member of Parliament Helen
                        Zille's heart.                                                                                                                      United Nations Parliamentary Forum on Energy Legislation and Sustainable Development
                                                                                                                                                            Parliament will host the UN Parliamentary Forum on Energy Legislation and Sustainable Development
                        “I have worked in Crossroads for many years, 25                                                                                     from 5 to 7 October 2005. One hundred-and-fifty delegates, including Members of Parliament, academics
                        years in fact, when I first came to Cape Town. It                                                                                   and community-based organisations from across Africa, are expected to attend the three-day event. The
                        was in Crossroads that I became involved trying to                                                                                  conference will critically assess and explore ways of enhancing and improving current energy legislation.
                        prevent the forced removals here,” says Mrs Zille.

                        Mrs Zille's creaky Xhosa, enthusiasm and genuine
                        care for those who need help have endeared her to                                                                                   Taking Parliament to the People
                        local residents, especially among schools and           Mrs Helen Zille MP and Constituent Eric Njonga outside the meeting hall     Towards the end of the year, likely to be in November, the National Council of Provinces (NCOP) will
                                                                                her Constituency renovated.
                        educare centres.                                                                                                                    undertake a visit to the people in Limpopo Province as part of its Taking Parliament to the People Programme.
                                                                                                                                                            In March this year the NCOP, which has undertaken to visit two provinces every year, visited Mpumalanga
                        “I am passionate about education and I believe that                                                                                 Province.
                        it is only through education that people can improve
                        their circumstances,” says Mrs Zille.                                                                                               The Taking Parliament to the People Programme was adopted by the NCOP three years ago to literally take
                                                                                                                                                            Parliament to the people of South Africa and encourage the public’s involvement in the work of Parliament.
                        “I've been involved in several crèches - there are                                                                                  The visit also enables the the NCOP to gauge public opinion on the provision of essential services. This
                        three that I am currently helping with equipment,                                                                                   will be the fifth province the NCOP will visit.
                        containers and other things. When I was MEC for
                        Education in the Western Cape I also became
                        involved in getting a proper school going here,
                        amongst several other places.”

                        The school, Quingqa Mtwana Primary, stands out
                                                                                                                                                            Glossary of Parliament terms:
                        in the area with its beautiful recreation and meeting                                                                               •   Budget Vote: Parliament's Budget Vote sets out how much money it has to spend for the next year and how it will spendz
                                                                                Children play outside the educare centre in crossroads which is supported
                        hall and pristine classrooms.                           by Mrs Zille                                                                    that money. This money is used to fund the running of Parliament and the constituency offices for Members of Parliament.

                        “This is a new school, we moved in 2003, and we                                                                                     •   Presiding Officers: The Speaker of the National Assembly, Deputy Speaker, Chairperson of the National Council of
                        are very proud of the building,” says Quingqa                                                                                           Provinces and the Deputy Chairperson jointly represent Parliament, and head the parliamentary establishment.
                        Mtwana Primary School Principal Bendicta Mahlati.
                        “Teachers and learners are excited because there is                                                                                 •   Speaker of the National Assembly: the head and representative (with the Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces)
                        ample space in the classrooms. When we wake up                                                                                          of the law - making arm of the State. The Speaker, Deputy Speaker and House Chaiperson preside over National Assembly
                        in the morning we feel free to go to school, unlike                                                                                     debates.
                        the previous building, where morale was low. So
                        we are trying to maintain it so that it can be used                                                                                 •   Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces: The Chairperson is, together with the Speaker of the National Assembly,
                        by generations to come.”                                                                                                                the head of Parliament. The Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson preside over debates in the National Council of Provinces.

                        Delivering a load of baby clothes to the educare        The area surrounding Mrs Zille’s Constituency in Crossroads, Khayelitsha.   •   Secretary of Parliament: the chief executive officer and accounting officer of the Parliamentary Services. The Office of

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              INSESSION - JULY 2005

                        centre she assists, Mrs Zille inspects the large                                                                                        the Secretary ensures that sufficient resources are available to provide legislative and institutional support
                        containers used as classrooms for the children and                                                                                      services to Parliament.
                        the humble beginnings of a vegetable garden.
                                                                                                                                                            •   Portfolio Committee: Members of the National Assembly are appointed to a number of committees, called Portfolio
                        “The children were in the most terrible                                                                                                 Committees. There is a Portfolio Committee for each of the national ministries and their associated government departments.
                        circumstances in tiny rooms at the back of houses.                                                                                      These committees consider bills, deal with departmental Budget Votes and oversee the work of the department they are
                        So I leased quite a big piece of land in Crossroads                                                                                     responsible for. Portfolio Committees may also investigate any matter of public interest that falls within their
                        from the municipality and got two large containers                                                                                      area of responsibility.
                        and a canopy for shade. Now we have a little
                        kitchenette and we're building toilets as well soon.                                                                                •   Select Committee: Permanent Members of the National Council of Provinces are appointed to a number of committees,
                        Soon we'll have a nice big crèche…we're making                                                                                          called Select Committees. Because the NCOP has only 54 permanent members compared to the National Assembly's 400,
                        good progress here,” Mrs Zille says.                                                                                                    the select committees shadow the work of more than one national government department.

                                                                                                                                                            •   House Chairpersons: The House Chairpersons in the National Assembly provide support to the Presiding Officers.
                                                                                The colourful container at the educare centre serves as a classroom and
                                                                                an aftercare facility.

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