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									Former Haldimand-Norfolk Regional Police and
 Kingsville Police Service officers at OPP GHQ.

                            Inside: Haldimand-Norfolk
                                    Recruit profile
                                    Cyber policing
                                                                     FEATURES                                                     The OPP Review
                                                                                                                                  Vol. 33     No. 4     December 1998

                                                             5      Policing municipalities

                                                             8      Outlaw motorcycle gangs

                                                            10      Proceeds of crime
                                                                                                                                     ONTARIO PROVINCIAL POLICE
                                                                                                                                     Gwen Boniface, Commissioner
                                                            16      Mission: Haiti
                                                                                                                                          The OPP REVIEW is
                                                                                                                                         a quarterly magazine.
                                                            17      New device for USRU
                                                                                                                                            OPP Media Relations
                                                            18      Cyber policing
                                                                                                                                               Robert Rudd
                                                            22      Today’s recruits
                                                                                                                                      CONTRIBUTING WRITERS

                                                                                                                                   Det/Sgt. J. Corcoran, Cathy Dowd,
                                                            26      Human organ transplant                                              Chief Supt. A. Frandsen,
                                                                                                                                     Sgt. B. Graham, Annie Gravier,
                                                                                                                                  John Letherby, Sp. Const. P. Shipley,
                                                                                                                                   Pamela Sunstrum, Jeanie Tummon,
                                                                     DEPARTMENTS                                                              Diana Williams
                                Inside: Haldimand-Norfolk
                                        Recruit profile
                                        Cyber policing
                                                                                                                                     PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE

                             Cover -
                                                            12      News in brief                                                          Marilyn Murray
                                                                                                                                          Supt. Brad Nudds
                         On the job.                                                                                                     Insp. Susan Laverty
                                                            21      Doing a great job                                                    S/Sgt. Gail Webster
                              Photo                                                                                                     Sgt. Borden Graham
                        by Ray Kolly
                                                            24      Proud of our past                                             The views expressed in any material
                                                                                                                                  contained in this magazine are those of
                                                                                                                                  the authors and do not necessarily reflect
                                                            27      Project lifestyle                                             the official opinion of the Ontario
                                                                                                                                  Provincial Police.

                                                            28      Eric Silk Library                                             The OPP Review publishes information
                                                                                                                                  about OPP activities, unusual cases and
                                                                                                                                  various investigative techniques to
                                                                                                                                  further the aims and purposes of law
                                                            29      Focus Auxiliary                                               enforcement. Direct all correspondence
                                                                                                                                  and submissions to:

                                                            30      Focus GHQ                                                            EDITOR, OPP REVIEW
                                                                                                                                       Ontario Provincial Police
                                                            31      Focus Regions                                                        777 Memorial Avenue
                                                                                                                                        Orillia, Ontario L3V 7V3
                                                                                                                                           tel (705) 329-6860
                                                            43      Obituaries                                                            fax (705) 329-6862
                                                                                                                                         MSMail: Rudd, Robert
                                                                                                                                     OPP Internet
                                                            90 Years                                                                           OPP Intranet
                                                            On Oct. 13. 1909, Lt. Gov. John Morrison Gibson signed an Order-in-
                                                            Council authorizing the formation of the Ontario Provincial Police.
                                                                                                                                         Printed on recycled paper
                                                            Look for photos and stories throughout 1999 highlighting the
                                                            development of our police service.

2            THE OPP REVIEW • DECEMBER 1998
                                                                                   FEATURE STORY

becomes largest OPP detachment

                         ecember 15 marked a
                         turning point in the
                         history of policing in
                 the Regional Municipality of
                 Haldimand-Norfolk.          The
                 municipality took the last
                 step in a long and challeng-
                 ing process aimed at giving
                 the region one police service.
                    The community formally
                 said     good-bye      to   the
                 Haldimand-Norfolk Regional
                 Police (HNRP) - a municipal
                 service that had policed the
                                                  Officers from Haldimand-Norfolk Regional Police and Kingsville
                 urban area for 24 years, and
                                                  Police Service meet with Commissioner Gwen Boniface during ori-
                 officially transferred responsi-
                                                  entation at GHQ.
                 bility for the entire region to
                 the Ontario Provincial Police.
                    HNRP officers had been working with their and the OPP.
                 OPP counterparts for the past six months              The need for additional officers to round
                 patrolling the urban and rural environments. out the detachment complement also attract-
                 Dec. 15 marked the first time officers ed a number of veteran OPP officers who
                 patrolled in the same uniform.                     jumped at the chance to return to work and
                    But as much as the amalgamation repre- live near family and friends.
                 sents a significant transition, there are few
                 changes to the faces that people have come Changing times
                 to recognize.       The commander of the              The amalgamation and the emotional
                 amalgamated Haldimand-Norfolk OPP debate that surrounded the municipal deci-
                 Detachment, Insp. Norm Denckert, has spent sion to consider alternative policing arrange-
                 his entire 23-year career in the area serving at ments mirror similar activities in other parts
                 both Cayuga and Simcoe OPP detachments.            of the province.
                    Of the 135 officers in the new OPP detach-         As of Jan. 1, 1998, policing in Ontario
                 ment - the largest municipal OPP detach- became a municipal responsibility. In practi-
                 ment in Ontario, 61 are OPP officers, most of cal terms, all municipalities became responsi-
                 whom were serving in the area, and 74 are ble for structuring and financing adequate
                 former HNRP officers who joined the OPP at and effective police services.
                 the transition swearing-in ceremony Dec. 14.          In many parts of Ontario, municipal
                 Contract provisions also call for a 60-member restructuring created overlaps in policing and
                 Auxiliary Unit that will bring together serv- placed added pressure on municipalities to
                 ing auxiliary members from both the HNRP decide how to provide adequate and effective
                                                                                        THE OPP REVIEW DECEMBER 1998   3

Enhanced unit to counter outlaw

                                               Det/Insp. Ross Bingley began     Need evident
                                               his OPP career in 1979 in
                                               Petrolia. Subsequently, he          Last year, the Criminal Intelligence Service
                                               was promoted to serve as a       Ontario (CISO) and the OPP busily studied
                                               detective sergeant in            the trends of the gangs. It was obvious that
                                               Chatham, a detective staff       Quebec was experiencing severe problems, as
                                               sergeant in London, and a        the province had recorded 50 gang-related
                                               detective inspector in Major     murders in four years. The gangs were posing
                                               Cases, Criminal Investigation    serious problems for Ontario, as well. The
                                               Bureau. He currently heads       efforts of a special police unit were needed, a
                                               the Provincial Special Squad
                                                                                team coordinated and directed from one
                                               while on a two-year
                                               secondment from Major            location.
                                               Cases.                              The Director of CISO, then OPP Det/Insp.
                                                                                Chris Lewis, and OPP Commissioner Tom
                                                                                O’Grady presented a brief prepared by CISO
                                                                                to the Solicitor General of Ontario. It
                                                                                detailed the wide variety of criminal offences
                                                                                committed by this recognized crime group
                                                                                whose activities traverse all boundaries.
                                                                                (Lewis’ two-year secondment to CISO has
                          Outlaw motorcycle gangs pose a formidable
                                                                                ended and he now commands the OPP
                          threat to public safety. In a quest for more power
                                                                                Emergency Management Bureau, holding the
                          and control of illegal activities, they become
                                                                                rank of superintendent.)
                          increasingly aggressive. In particular, the actions
                          of the Hells Angels have been a catalyst for dis-
                          sension and rivalry among established gangs,          PSS formed
                          leading to an unprecedented level of intimidation        Supt. Lewis says historically, the law
                          and violence. Members of outlaw motorcycle            enforcement agencies that comprise the
                          gangs orchestrate power plays in the underworld,      Criminal Intelligence Service Ontario have
                          power plays which sometimes result in the             been leaders in North America in terms of
                          destruction of property, injury, and death. And,      monitoring and investigating outlaw motor-
                          the gangs interfere with the operation of legiti-     cycle gangs.
                          mate businesses through coercion and threats.            “In 1997, we identified the need to
                                                                                enhance our capabilities due to the Hells
                                                                                Angels’ aggressive campaign to take over

                                here’s a specialized, police investigative
                                unit that now spans Ontario. The                Ontario’s lucrative drug trade. CISO mem-
                                Provincial Special Squad (PSS) is ready-        bers worked with the OPP to put together an
                          ing itself for the challenges presented by            OPP-led, multi-agency unit to combat bikers
                          sophisticated criminal organizations.                 in a sustained fashion.”
                             This unique squad, led by OPP Det/Insp.               Lewis adds, “The formation of the
                          Ross Bingley, has been created with the sup-          Provincial Special Squad clearly sends the
                          port of 18 agencies. Assisting in the manage-         message to outlaw bikers that Ontario will
                          ment are four staff sergeants - three from the        not tolerate their illegal activities.”
                          OPP and one from Toronto Police Service.
                             Since 1970, the OPP had operated its own           Cooperative effort
                          “Special Squad” to focus on outlaw motorcy-             The Provincial Special Squad gives investi-
                          cle gang activities, a unit with limited              gators at the municipal, provincial, federal
                          resources.                                            and international levels one-stop shopping.

motorcycle gang activities
  For example, if an officer in Outlook                                            gangs. With a concerted effort, it
  Calgary, Alberta needs assistance in   The Provincial Special Squad              can be expected that there will be a
  an investigation that has led him to draws its strength from the RCMP,           major reduction in this facet of
  Tillsonburg, Ont., where does he or the OPP, regional and municipal              organized crime. The Province of
  she start? Unlike the past, it’s now                                             Ontario has committed substantial
                                       police services, and the Proceeds of
  clear cut.      Contact with the                                                 funds to assist, beginning with $3.4
                                       Crime Unit. Members work with
  Toronto-based PSS is number one                                                  million in 1998 and $2.7 million in
                                       contacts from various organizations
  on the agenda. The squad assesses                                                years following.
  the situation, then assigns                                                             At this time, Quebec is the
  appropriate personnel to help                                                        only other province operating a
  in the investigation.               Mandate                                          joint forces squad specializing
                                                                                       in outlaw motorcycle gangs
                                        • to conduct investigations of outlaw          (Project Wolverine), however,
                                          motorcycle gang activities
  Many challenges                                                                      other provinces are interested
     Each investigation offers a        • to gather intelligence data on               in the format of the Provincial
  different challenge, requiring          organizations and individuals who pose a     Special Squad and may set up
  officers to utilize all investiga-      threat to the citizens of this province      similar units.
  tive means available.               • to develop investigative strategies and
     In spite of the flagrant dis-      provide investigative excellence
  regard of laws by these gangs,
  some members of the public          • to act as a training centre for front-line
                                        officers and special investigative groups
  attach glamour and harmless
  fun to renegades cruising the
  highway on their powerful              and in the future officers from units       Below: Det/Const. George Cousens
  machines.                              such as Customs and Immigration             (centre), Provincial Special Squad, is
     Following one initiative against could join the squad.                          assisted by a uniformed officer as he
  outlaw bikers, a news reporter             All police officers can play an         conducts a check of outlaw motorcycle
  phoned the PSS asking why cops important part in fighting the ille-                gang members visiting Sudbury, June
  pick on people who ride Harleys. gal activities of outlaw motorcycle               1998.
  Bingley, the director of the squad,
  replied, “I wouldn’t care if they
  drove golf carts. The fact that
  they’re organized criminals is the
  reason we investigate them.”
     Since few citizens directly
  encounter violence and intimida-
  tion, it remains a challenge for law
  enforcement agencies to educate
  the public of the realities.
    •outlaw motorcycle gangs are
    linked to a multitude of illegal
    •revenues are often laundered
    through legitimate businesses
    •violence puts innocent people
    at risk
                                                                                                  THE OPP REVIEW DECEMBER 1998   5

Specialized unit impacts criminals

                                                                                  The unit is managed by Det/Insp. Dennis
                                                                                Herdman, Anti-Rackets Section - GTR, with
                                                                                Det/S/Sgt. Don Perron commanding a unit of
                                                                                12 detective sergeants deployed to Ottawa,
                                                                                Smiths Falls, Kingston, Toronto, Barrie,
                                                                                London and North Bay.

                                                                                   Jan. 1, 1989, marked the dawn of a new era
                                                                                in Canadian law enforcement with the
                                                                                proclamation of the Proceeds of Crime legis-
                                                                                lation. It is estimated that billions of dollars
                                                                                are generated annually through the commis-
                                                                                sion of criminal acts throughout Canada. In
                                                                                the past, traditional methods of investigation
                                                                                have concentrated on the crime, failing to
                                                                                remove the financial incentive for the com-
                                                                                mission of the act itself. The motive for the
                                                                                majority of crime is financial benefit. By
                                                                                removing this aspect, the offender’s incentive
                                                                                to commit the crime is diminished.
                                                                                   The Proceeds of Crime and supporting leg-
                                                                                islation, such as the Money Laundering Act
                                                                                and the Seized Property Management Act,
                                                                                provides law enforcement and the courts
$180,000 seized from a drug courier in                                          with the mechanisms to identify, seize and
Belleville, January 1998.                                                       forfeit the financial benefits of crime. The
                                                                                legislation classifies crimes as either
                                                                                “Enterprise      Crime”     or     “Designated
                          Since it’s formation last year, the OPP Proceeds of   Substance” offences. In order to ensure the
                          Crime Unit has had a significant effect on the        viability of a proceeds of crime investigation,
                          criminal element in Canada.                           a reasonable expectation of conviction for
                                                                                the substantive offence is imperative. The
                          History                                               prosecution must prove that the monies or
                             In November of 1997, the Ontario                   assets were obtained directly or indirectly
                          Provincial Police addressed the need for a            from the commission of an enterprise crime
                          Proceeds of Crime Unit. Subsequently, the             or designated substance offence.
                          unit was formed as a part of Anti-Rackets                There are dozens of Enterprise Crime and
                          Section, Criminal Investigation Bureau.               Designated Substance offences listed under
                          With the established reputation of Anti-              section 462.3 of the Criminal Code. Here are
                          Rackets for investigative excellence in the           some examples.
                          area of financial crimes, coupled with the
                          recruitment of senior investigators with              Enterprise Crime Offences
                          expertise in drug, gaming and fraud offences,           • Fraud
                          the newly formed unit has been on solid                 • Theft
                          ground since its inception.                             • Arson

  • Specific Gaming Offences               Assets that are forfeited as a result     continue to be an effective inves-
  • Specific Prostitution Offences      of Designated Substance offence              tigative resource, it is of paramount
  • Conspiracy to Commit an             investigations are shared between            importance that the proceeds of
   Enterprise Crime Offence             the federal and provincial govern-           crime investigator and the substan-
                                        ments, with portions of the forfeit-         tive offence investigator communi-
Designated Substance                    ed monies being returned to the              cate from the onset.
                                        province for use in law enforcement             Members of the unit are available
Offences                                initiatives. Assets that are forfeited       to assist in training and lecture pre-
  • Trafficking                         as a result of Enterprise Crime              sentations, as well as in providing
  • Possession for the Purpose          offence investigations are returned          expert opinions and testimony for
    of Trafficking                      to the province with portions                proceeds of crime and money laun-
  • Production                          assigned to law enforcement initia-          dering offences throughout the
  • Import/Export                       tives, as well. Forfeited proceeds of        province, both for the OPP and
  • Conspiracy to Commit a              crime are available to municipal             municipal police services.
    Designated Substance Offence        police services and the OPP through             If an officer believes an investiga-
                                        the Proceeds of Crime Grant                  tion has a proceeds component,
   The objective of seizing and for-    Program, which is administered by            assistance can be obtained by call-
feiting proceeds of crime is two-fold   the Ministry of the Solicitor General        ing the phone numbers for the unit
- to remove the motivation of the       and Correctional Services, Policing          listed in the OPP directory. If
offender to commit the crime and        Services Division.                           urgent assistance is required, the
to dismantle criminal organizations                                                  GHQ duty officer can be requested
by removing the ability to finance
criminal activities.
                                        Assistance                                   to contact the on-call investigator.
                                           The mandate
                                        of the Proceeds of
Investigation                           Crime Unit is to
                                        manage        and
   Investigations conducted by unit
                                        assist in proceeds
members across the province have
                                        of crime investi-
resulted in the seizure of approxi-
                                        gations in con-
mately six million dollars since Jan.
                                        junction with the
1, 1998. When previewing investi-
gations the potential value of a
                                        offence investiga-
seizure is a consideration, however,
                                        tors. In order to
the impact the investigation has on
the criminal element and the com-
munity is the determining factor.
The investigations have resulted
in the seizure of real estate,
vehicles, currency and finan-
cial instruments. In the last
year, the unit has conducted
investigations that have
attracted nationwide atten-
tion, such as the seizure and
forfeiture of the Satan’s Choice                                                        Satan’s Choice Headquarters,
motorcycle clubhouse in the City                                                      Hamilton, seized and forfeited,
of Hamilton.                                                                       June 1998.
                                                                                                  THE OPP REVIEW DECEMBER 1998   7
                                                                                                 NEWS IN BRIEF

                          Solemn tribute
                          The 21st annual Police and Peace Officers’ National Memorial Service in Ottawa was supported by
                          dozens of members of the Ontario Provincial Police. The Sept. 27, 1998 service honoured four offi-
                          cers who have died in the past year - Waterloo Regional Police Const. Dave Nicholson, Toronto
                          Det/Const. Bill Hancox, and Alberta forestry officers Dan Brink and Gord Brown. The Parliament
                          Hill honour roll bears the names of 543 officers who have died in the line of duty since July 7, 1870.
                                                 OPP members participate in the motorcycle
                                                 escort of the marching units.
                                                                                                    The Colour
                                                                                                    Sergeant, Sgt.
                                                                                                    leads the OPPA

    Own Pipes and
    Drums joins the
       mass band.

                                                                            An OPP contingent led by Eastern Region
                                                                            Commander Chief Supt. Bob Eamer.

                          Focusing on Year 2000
                          On Jan. 1st, 2000, many computers, including computer-based systems and equipment, may
                          stop working, malfunction or reprogram themselves, resulting in interruption of critical ser-
                          vices and possibly loss of information. This is known as the “Year 2000 problem” or the “mil-
                          lennium bug.”
                             For many years, computer programmers used a two-digit code to represent the year. Since
                          “00” is the two-digit code for the year 2000 (also known as Y2K), there is a possibility that
                          some computers may interpret the year as 1900 and provide the wrong data or simply cause
                          the system to fail.
                             The OPP has been responding to this development for some time and continues to aggres-
                          sively prepare for the millennium, making all reasonable effort to avoid any interruptions or
                          disruptions in service and to minimize the effect on the public. The Information and
                          Technology Services Section of Infrastructure Support Bureau has been working diligently on
                          replacing hardware and software to ensure Y2K compliance and OPP-wide compliance is
                          expected by the summer of 1999.
                             Future issues of the OPP Review will keep readers informed of the Y2K Operational
                          Planning Project, which is working within the Emergency Management Bureau.
                                                                                         NEWS IN BRIEF

IAWP highlights                                                Video sought

     rov. Const. Amy Ramsay, Port Credit Detachment,
     participated in the 6th annual Atlantic Women’s
     Police Conference at CFB Gagetown, this past fall.
While there, she was involved in the formation of a
new organization known as the Atlantic Women in
Law Enforcement, which is open to officers working in
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, PEI and Newfoundland.
  Ramsay is the Region 11 coordinator for the
International Association of Women Police, a region
encompassing all of eastern Canada from the
Manitoba/Ontario border. She is involved in the plan-
ning of the 38th annual IAWP Conference slated for
                                                               Western Region Community Services Coordinator Sgt.
Toronto in 2000.
                                                               Doug Babbitt was visited by a production company
Honoured: Two OPP officers were recognized for their           representative seeking police-related video for the Fox
police work at the 36th annual IAWP Training Conference in     Network. Lin McGrath of Los Angeles was in Canada
Anchorage, Alaska. From left: Sr. Const. Valerie Jarvis,       checking for subject matter of interest to viewers that
Amherstview, was presented with the 1998 Mentoring             shows what police officers experience on patrol.
Award; Insp. Connie Snow, Royal Newfoundland
Constabulary, won the 1998 Leadership Award; and               OWLE nominees
Det/Insp. Kate Lines, Investigation Support Bureau, was the

recipient of the 1998 Excellence in Performance Award.              ive OPP officers are among 26 indi-
                                           This is the sec-         viduals from 10 police organiza-
                                           ond consecutive          tions nominated for Ontario
                                           year the award      Women in Law Enforcement awards this
                                           for Excellence in   year. They are Prov. Const. Charlotte
                                           Performance has     Andreason, Sr. Const. Valerie Jarvis, Sgt. Lynn Beach,
                                           gone to the OPP.    S/Sgt. Wendy Wilson, and Det/Insp. Kate Lines.
                                           Last year,             The winners will be selected by the OWLE Advisory
                                           Det/Const.          Council chaired by Supt. Lynda Bowen, Hamilton-
                                           Danielle McLean,    Wentworth Regional Police. Awards are to be presented
                                           Investigation       in six categories: Officer of the Year, Community
                                           Support Bureau,     Service, Mentoring, Leadership, Excellence in
                                           was cited.          Performance, and Medal of Valour.

                                                                                    1999 Ontario Law
                                                                                  Torch Run Calendar
                                                         Provincial Workshop
                                                                                    Orillia             Jan. 29, 30
                                                         Torch Run Kick-off

     p. Const. Tammy Bradley, Collingwood                                                         Feb. 25
     Detachment, organized a walk for 300 stu-           13th Annual Torch Ru
                                                                             n      Province-wide May 25
     dents which ended at the detachment                                                                  - June 11
                                                         Final Leg of Run
where a barbecue was offered. Shoppers Drug                                         Peterborough June 11
Mart sponsored the event including a tent for            O.L.E. Sports Day
                                                                                    Peterborough June 11
activities. The walk and the awareness generat-                                                         , 12
ed by it resulted in nearly $10,000 being raised
in Collingwood for Ontario Special Olympics.
                                                                                              THE OPP REVIEW • DECEMBER 1998   9

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