Birds common to the Adelaide Botanic Garden

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Birds common to the Adelaide Botanic Garden Powered By Docstoc
					    Birds common to the
    Adelaide Botanic Garden
    Walking through the 16 hectares of Adelaide Botanic             Friends of the Botanic Gardens of Adelaide Inc.
                                                                                                                           Birds common to the
    Garden it soon becomes obvious that in addition to the
    wonderful collection of trees, shrubs and plants, it is also
                                                                                 North Terrace, Adelaide
                                                                                  South Australia 5000
                                                                                                                        Adelaide Botanic Garden
    home to a large number of birds.                                           Telephone: (08) 8222 9367                                  Your guide to
    This brochure has been developed to help identify some                      Facsimile: (08) 8222 9399                              identifying some
    of the more common birds that can be seen throughout                                                      of the birds seen
    the Garden and, hopefully, add to the enjoyment of                 
                                                                                                                                      within the Garden
    your visit.
    • For your convenience provision has been made to                     This brochure is also available on
✓     record a bird sighting by placing a tick inside the box.  (select: Birds–ABG)
    • Some scientific names will include an additional name
      shown in brackets. This indicates the bird specific to                    Compiled and supported by
      the Garden where several races may exist throughout             Friends of the Botanic Gardens of Adelaide Inc.
    • Natural food for ducks is green weeds and grasses of
      dryland and water. Bread or food scraps are not good
      for them and should not be fed to them.
      Ducks are also endangered by discarded cigarette butts
      and plastics: please use the waste bins placed to keep
      the Garden tidy and help protect birds from such dangers.

         Bird body-parts referred to in the text

         forehead                     crown
         eye-ring                       ear area
         bill                             nape
         wattle area                          neck


         (underparts)                                        tail

                                                                           Photographs courtesy of Brian Furby
    Bird length (shown in brackets) is measured from tip of                   Printed on recycled content paper
    bill to tip of tail.                                                                Issue 1: 05/06
Birds normally associated with water

              Black Swan                              Grey Teal                                     Dusky Moorhen
              Cygnus atratus        (106–142cm)       Anas gracilis               (37–48cm)         Gallinula tenebrosa (35–38cm)
              This large and graceful black swan      The nomadic Grey Teal can be seen             Found mostly in swamps and
              has a long slender neck and white-      throughout Australia in all types of          parklands throughout eastern
              tipped wings. Bill is red with a        wet areas. Plumage is mottled grey-           Australia. Identified by red frontal
              white bar near the tip.                 brown: side of head and throat                shield and yellow tipped red bill.
                                                      almost white. Red eyes.                       Body plumage dark grey, wings
                                                                                                    brown. Tail black with white
                                                      Hardhead (white-eyed)
              Australian Wood Duck                    Aythya australis            (42–49cm)         Eurasian Coot
              Chenonetta jubata        (44–50cm)      Male has dark brown head and                  Fulica atra
                                                      mottled brown plumage: undertail              (australis)             (32–39cm)
              Dark brown head and paler body
              plumage. Male has darker head and       white. Bill black with tip of grey-blue.      Coots feed mainly on vegetable
              neck with short mane. Eyes brown.       White eyes. Female has brown eyes             matter but will eat food scraps
              Females lighter than males having       and lighter plumage.                          given by Garden visitors. Easily
              white bars above and below the                                                        recognised by white frontal shield
              eyes. Often perches and nests           Australasian Grebe                            and beak, almost black plumage
              in trees.                               Tachybaptus                                   and red eyes.
                                                      novaehollandiae                  (27cm)
                                                      During breeding season head black:
              Mallard *                               yellow eyes and facial patch. Main            Masked Lapwing
              Anas platyrhynchos       (52–68cm)      plumage mottled brown. Bill black             Vanellus miles
                                                      with white tip. Non-breeding plumage,         (novaehollandiae)           (35cm)
              Male has green head, white neckring,    throat and side of head white, bill paler.
              chestnut brown breast and yellow                                                      Also know as Spur-winged Plover.
              bill: underparts white. Female head                                                   Plumage olive brown above, white
              and neck buff, body mottled and         Little Black Cormorant                        below. Head and outer wing
              streaked dusky brown. Most Garden       Phalacrocorax                                 feathers black: wing has a yellow
              birds are hybrids being a cross with    sulcirostris                (60–65cm)         spur. Bill and face wattle yellow.
              Pacific Black Duck which is a closely   Common to inland waters this
              related species.                        Cormorant is often seen perching on
                                                      tree branches or poles. Plumage is
                                                      black, bill dark grey. Legs and feet black.
              Pacific Black Duck                                                                    Silver Gull
              Anas superciliosa        (47–60cm)                                                    Larus novaehollandiae (41cm)
              Body plumage and top of head            White-faced Heron                             The common seagull of Australian
              dark brown: face white to buff with     Egretta (Ardea)                               beaches, pastures and parklands.
              black stripes above and below the       novaehollandiae                  (67cm)       Plumage white with grey back and
              eyes. Most Garden birds are hybrids                                                   wings which have outer feathers
              of the closely related Mallard.         The most common heron seen                    black, spotted white. Bill and legs
                                                      throughout Australia feeding in               bright red.
                                                      shallow water. General plumage
                                                      mostly grey: face white. Bill black,
                                                      legs yellow.
                                                                                                                             * Introduced
Pigeons and Turtledoves                                         Parrots
                      Rock Dove *                                         Galah                                     Purple-crowned Lorikeet
                      Columba livia                  (33cm)               Cacatua roseicapilla                      Glossopsitta
                                                                          (roseicapilla)                (36cm)      porphyrocephala            (16cm)
                      Descended from wild Rock Dove
                      (pigeon) of the Northern Hemisphere                 Can be seen in small flocks throughout    One of the smaller lorikeets.
                      and now found in most Australian                    the Garden eating seeds that have         Keeps to the treetops and moves
                      towns. This feral pigeon has variable               fallen to the ground. This beautiful      very quickly – not easy to see.
                      plumage colours however most are                    bird has pink head, neck and breast       Crown purple, upperparts green.
                      blue-grey with a glossy sheen on                    plumage: wings and tail grey.             Throat and breast blue-green.
                      the neck.                                                                                     Bill black.
                                                                          Little Corella
                                                                          Cacatua sanguinea
                      Spotted Turtledove *                                (sanguinea)               (36–39cm)       Crimson Rosella
                      Streptopelia chinensis         (31cm)               This very noisy corella is often seen     Platycercus elegans
                                                                          in large flocks roosting in trees.        (adelaidae)                (35cm)
                      Native to southern Asia the Spotted
                      Turtledove was first released in                    General plumage white with a              Locally known as ‘Adelaide
                      Adelaide 1881. Recognised by the                    colouring of yellow under wings           Rosella’, which is one of the three
                      spotted white black nape and neck                   and tail.                                 races of this species. Head and
                      feathers. Undertail feathers tipped                                                           underparts rich red: cheeks and
                      white.                                              Sulphur-crested Cockatoo                  throat blue. Back black and yellow.
                                                                          Cacatua galerita          (45–52cm)       Tail green-blue.
                                                                          This large cockatoo generally can be
                                                                          seen in small flocks feeding on the
                      Crested Pigeon                                      ground. Plumage white with undersides     Eastern Rosella
                      Ocyphaps lophotes                                   of flight and tail feathers washed        Platycercus eximius        (30cm)
                      (lophotes)                 (31–35cm)                yellow. Head crest sulphur-yellow.
                                                                                                                    Often seen in pairs or small
                      Common throughout most of inland                                                              groups searching the ground
                      Australia. Grey body and head with                                                            for seeds. This colourful rosella
                      black upright head crest. Wings                     Rainbow Lorikeet                          has red head and breast, white
                      brown with black bar marking and                    Trichoglossus                             cheeks. Belly yellow-green. Back
                      green/purple iridescent patch edged                 haematodus                    (28cm)      black edged yellow and green.
                      white. Red eye-ring. Has habit of                   The most colourful of the Australian      Tail blue-green.
                      raising and lowering tail when landing.             parrot family. Can be very noisy in a
                                                                          group. Head dark blue: yellow-green
                                                                          collar on nape. Bill bright red. Colour
                                                                                                                    Red-rumped Parrot
                                                                          of back, wings and tail green.
                                                                                                                    haematonotus               (27cm)
  Walking through the 16 hectares of Adelaide                             Musk Lorikeet
   Botanic Garden it soon becomes obvious                                 Glossopsitta concinna         (22cm)      Mostly seen in pairs feeding on
                                                                                                                    the ground. General plumage
  that in addition to the wonderful collection                            So named because according to some,       green with the male displaying
                                                                          this lorikeet emits a slightly musty      a red rump. Shoulder patch and
  of trees, shrubs and plants, it is also home
                                                                          odour. Plumage generally is green,        belly are yellow. Female is pale
           to a large number of birds.                                    scarlet forehead and ear patches. Blue    grey-green with a green rump,
                                                                          crown. When in groups the loud            white belly.
                                                                          chatter is continuous.
                                                * Introduced
Birds of woods and gardens

               Laughing Kookaburra                        New Holland Honeyeater                     Little Raven
               Dacelo novaeguineae           (45cm)       Phylidonyris novaehollandiae               Corvus mellori               (50cm)
                                                          (novaehollandiae)        (18cm)
               Largest of the kingfisher family whose                                                Distributed throughout south-
               call is one of the characteristic sounds   Easily seen foraging for nectar and        eastern Australia. Little Ravens can
               of the bush. Large bill, head off-white,   insects. Recognised by the distinctive     be identified from other ravens or
               back dark brown. Wings brown with          black and white streaked plumage with      crows by the flick of wings above
               blue markings.                             yellow wing and tail patches. Head black   the back when calling whilst perched.
                                                          with white eyebrow and ear patches.        Plumage glossy black: white eyes.

               Red Wattlebird                             Magpie-lark                                House Sparrow *
               Anthochaera carunculata                    Grallina cyanoleuca           (27cm)       Passer domesticus            (15cm)
               (carunculata)           (39cm)
                                                          Also known as Murray Magpie.               Introduced into Australia from
               The two races of Red Wattlebird are        Plumage black and white. Bill white.       Europe about 1860. This common
               common throughout south-west and           Has distinctive white patches on the       city dweller has a grey crown, upper
               south-east Australia. Plumage grey-                                                   parts chestnut brown; white wing
                                                          wings seen when in flight. Male has
               brown streaked white, crown brown,                                                    bar. Cheeks, chest and lower parts
               cheek patch white. Red wattle at ear.      white eyebrows and patch on the neck.      pale grey. Male has black bib and
               Belly yellow.                                                                         breast.

               Little Wattlebird                          Willie Wagtail                             Welcome Swallow
               Anthochaera chrysoptera (30cm)             Rhipidura leucophrys          (20cm)       Hirundo neoxena              (15cm)

               The smallest of the wattlebirds with       One of the best known Australian           The swift and graceful flight of
               a misleading name – it does not have       birds that can be found in parklands       the Welcome Swallow can make
               a wattle. Plumage grey-brown with          and most towns and cities. This busy       identification difficult unless flying
                                                                                                     close by. Upper plumage glossy
               streaks of white. Head darker. Tail dark   bird has mostly black plumage with
                                                                                                     blue-black, wings and forked tail
               brown tipped white seen during flight.     white underparts and distinctive           dark brown. Forehead, and throat
                                                          white eyebrows.                            chestnut brown.

               Noisy Miner                                Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike                  Common Blackbird *
               Manorina melanocephala (26cm)              Coracina novaehollandiae (33cm)            Turdus merula                (25cm)
               Perhaps the best known honeyeater          A misleading common name. The              Introduced into Australia 1863
               in Adelaide and, as the name suggests,     Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike is not           and can now be seen throughout
               very noisy when in groups. Crown           closely related to cuckoos or shrikes.     the south-eastern part of the
               and face black, rest of head and           Upper plumage grey: breast light grey      country. Male plumage all black:
               underparts grey. Yellow bill and skin      paling to white belly. Forehead, face      yellow bill and eye ring. Female
               behind the eyes.                           and throat black.                          plumage and bill dark brown.

               White-plumed Honeyeater                    Australian Magpie                          Common Starling *
               Lichenostomus penicillatus (17cm)          Gymnorhina tibicen                         Sturnus vulgaris             (21cm)
                                                          (leuconota)                   (44cm)
               Common to the Garden in pairs or                                                      Introduced into Australia during
               small groups seen darting noisily          Of the various races of magpie, South      the 1850s, the Common Starling
               about the trees and shrubs. Can be         Australia has the ‘white-backed’ which     now occupies most eastern and
                                                          is also the State bird emblem. Plumage     south-eastern towns and cities.
               very aggressive. Plumage olive-grey;
                                                          black and white. Male back is all white,   Plumage glossy black with iridescent
               head yellow-grey. White neck plume                                                    patches of purple and green. Bill
               behind the ears.                           females and young mottled grey.
                                                                                                     dull yellow in summer.
                                                                                                                               * Introduced

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