NATAL ISSUE 9... AUGUST 2005... 12 000 COPIES POSTED TO CHAIRPERSONS & SUBSCRIBERS
Dictatorial chairpersons can be challenged
Dictatorships chairperson). ! Spend time understanding the
are alive and The autocrat that we highlight is power sectional title rules and concept.
well in some motivated, lacks transparency, has little ! Block moves by chairpersons who
sectional title regard or understanding of the act, is at AGM’s subtly facilitate (without
schemes! Chairpersons, arrogant, self centered and possibly querying) the nomination of only 2
managing agents, and even corrupt. trustees .
caretakers are sometimes The dictatorial chairperson is ! Commit and volunteer to serve as
accused of dominating empowered as a result of the trustees when there are no
members, and behaving like Idi Amin. disassociation, or weak participation by nominations other than the
How do such circumstances occur when owners or trustees who collectively chairpersons best friends.
the sectional title concept is democratic. should monitor and perform the ! Support resolutions which promote
Owners are empowered to elect executive functions of a body corporate. the interests of the whole community
trustees , who in turn elect the In fact it is the apathetic, impotent, and even if their personal short term
chairperson, and who collectively detached involvement by the vast investment goals are compromised.
appoint a managing agent, and their own majority of stake holders that gives rise to ! Scrutinise finances diligently
staff (even the caretaker)? dictatorial tendencies, as no “checks and especially when they feel that
balances” are apparent. transparency is being compromised.
Let’s first exclude the dominant, Owners / Members can exercise their ! Take action when they suspect that
transparent, resolute, assertive and all powerful position when they a non-professional alliance exists
sometimes dogmatic chairperson who collectively... between their chairperson and the
functions in managing agent.
! Attend AGM’s and General ! Consider past experience and
IN THIS accordance with the
act. Such persons Meetings review trustees powers by
! Stop giving blank cheques in the imposing restrictions at an AGM.
EDITION are probably the best
option for a form of proxies
! Look beyond their preoccupation Owners who fail to exercise their
Ask the Editor flourishing scheme.
Page 3 (There is a clear with rental income, and the need to responsibility with regard to the above,
difference between appease their own tenants. do by their non-involvement facilitate the
Part 3 an assertive and a ! Focus on the long-term growth of their creation of autocratic chairpersons.
Page 4 very dictatorial property investment. Continued on page 2
Editors comment Bodies Corporate News is provided to empower chairpersons / trustees, by enabling
Page 6 them to add value to the property investment of all owners in a complex. It is important
letters received from that our newsletter reaches chairpersons or trustees as we offer them free copies. If
readers you received Bodies Corporate News by chance please pass it on to your chairperson.
Tertius advises If you are a chair / trustee and have not yet confirmed your contact
Page 8 details, please do so in order to be included in our mailing-list.
THE PROFESSIONAL SOLUTION
WILCOTE HEAD OFFICE
PO Box 272, Balito, 4420 Tel: 032 942 2033 Tel/Fax: 032 942 2022/33/19
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.wilcote.co.za
NORTH COAST KZN MIDLANDS DURBAN WEST
Tel: 035 - 787 3716 Tel: 033 - 343 4155 Tel: 031 - 767 5366
Fax: 035 - 772 3931 Fax: 033 - 343 3259 Fax: 031 - 767 3261
SOUTH COAST DURBAN DOLPHIN COAST
Tel: 039 - 317 2853 Tel: 031 - 708 4959 Tel: 032 - 942 2022/33
Tel/Fax: 039 - 315 5174 Cell: 083 710 0747 Fax: 032 - 942 2019
Continued from page 1
Trustees who allow dictatorships Bodies Corporate appoint managing How then can conscientious owners
t o s u c c e e d a r e g e n e r a l l y. . . agents, subcontractors, and staff - deal with a dictatorial chairperson?
! Easily influenced and involuntarily How do these servants manage to Trustees may dismiss their chairperson
participate as they have been wield excessive influence? at any time by a majority resolution: it
manipulated by the chairperson. ! Through a corrupt relationship with therefore makes sense for owners to
! Active in promoting their own agenda a chairperson. appoint at least three trustees (excluding
! Ignorant of their responsibility as the chair) at an AGM. After all the
they do not understand the sectional members determine the number of
title act. trustees , and if only three nominations
(including the chair) are received it is up
Members who inadvertently abdicate to a fourth member to “come forth” and
their powers... volunteer their services to ensure that a
usually do so, because many are dictatorship does not take root .
investors who’s interests lie in the Autocratic chairpersons tend to
receipt of monthly rentals - They usually influence their loyal aides into serving
live “out of town,” and expect unpaid and additional terms.
sometimes uninformed trustees to Owners can remove the chairperson (or
manage their investment. These trustees) by calling a special general
disengaged landlords are often ! When there is no formal, meeting. All they need is a 25% support
oblivious to the reality that “many professionally written, and detailed base (by quota drawn from all owners)
others” invested in the same scheme for contractual engagement and an adherence to the procedures
agreement, with performance required to instigate such a meeting. A
the same reasons, and as a result their
criteria, and termination clauses in simple majority is all that is required at a
investment could be at risk as the tenant
place. duly constituted meeting in order to oust
population could exceed that of resident
! When trustees who lack knowledge a chairperson (or trustee).
owners. As non participants these
become reliant on the skills of a If owners are unwilling to participate, or
members often empower dictatorial avoid involvement, then they have only
managing agent. Their status then
situations, especially when an alliance themselves to blame. We reiterate,
becomes one of subservience.
exists between the autocratic chair and
! When trustees fail to monitor, owners are to blame if their
the managing agent. On occasion organise and r e c o r d t h e chairperson is dictatorial.
concerned owners attempt to rectify performance of
declining circumstances but are unable staff / service
to secure the 25% participation needed providers (staff Tel: +27 82 714 2466
to call a general meeting as they are need a work plan For more info visit: www.sect-wisp.co.za
limited in number, and the managing with time related
agent avoids providing contact details of goals. Idle time TRUSTEES, COMMUNICATE WITH RESIDENTS
absent landlords, which renders the can result in
owners powerless to act. When
USING WIRELESS INTERNAL EMAIL SYSTEMS
l o b b y i n g ' Internet services
schemes collapse, absent landlords activities which ' Complex email
seem to appear from the woodwork and can undermine ' Electronic billboards
vent anger at the very dictators that they the authority of ' Integration with Access Control Services
created through their lack of
the executive). ' PBX integration for installation (and removal reduction)
' Secure remote access to flats.
We arrange finance for Body Corporate ALLOWS EASY ACCESS
members who want to TO THE EXTERIORS OF MULTISTORY BUILDINGS
SETTLE OVERDUE LEVIES NO SCAFFOLDING NEEDED
We solve Bodies Corporate
CONSOLIDATE DEBT problems in hard to reach areas
(Trustees, share this concept with fellow members)
WE USE OUR ROPE ACCESS SYSTEM
GO ON HOLIDAY RENOVATE/UPGRADE WHICH IS QUICK, SAFE AND
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INCREASE SECURITY AND VALUES IS COST EFFICIENT AND IDEAL FOR
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It’s easier than you imagine. There is value in your property which CLEANING AIRCON DUCTS BIRD PROOFING
we can mold into packages that suit your needs, and perhaps even WINDOW CLEANING ANTENNAE INSTALLATION
reduce your current monthly bond payments. GUTTER INSTALLATIONS REPAIRING CRACKS / LEAKS
FOR HASSLE FREE HOME LOAN FINANCE CALL WINDOW FRAME REPAIRS HIGH PRESSURE CLEANING
CARIN 083 397 1999
ANDREW 083 456 4733 FOR QUICK ACCESS TO OUR SERVICES
EMAIL email@example.com FAX 021 788 1868 PHONE: 021 448 3960 EMAIL: INFO@SKYSITE.CO.ZA
ASK THE EDITOR Rob will answer your questions
Numerous requests for information at no time while I have been in the trust cheque at the end of the year and others
are received. have we refused a request to see the get a bonus very carefully calculated in
Many are answered within the pages records. We also distribute summaries of each case by members of the trust. The
of this magazine or by phoning our the records timeously to all Members of global amounts paid to the staff including
help-line 086 757 7882. the Body Corporate. Copies of the global contributions to Uif, Pension
accounting records are made before Fund, Funeral Benefit Trust, Skills
Q All members of our trust have
enjoyed reading your Bodies
Corporate News. We are a
each Body Corporate meeting. And of
course annually a copy of the audited
accounts are sent to all 150 members.
Development Levy and J.S.B. are all
detailed in our accounts available to all
members. Our total staff is over 50.
Sectional Title Retirement Village with a Occasionally we get requests for Are we correct in not advising individual
large staff. These include gardeners, detailed salary and wage schedules, members what each employee gets?
maintenance people, kitchen and which we believe should be confidential Ken Blight
Medcare staff. All members of the Body to the trustees. The conditions of service
Corporate are entitled to see the
accounting records and
of staff working at our Village belong in
various categories: Some are hourly
paid and some belong to a Union. Some
A I appreciate your predicament but
also acknowledge that members
are stakeholders and it is there funds that
are labourers and others are more highly are being spent. As I understand it, and I
SUBSCRIBE ANNUALLY TO paid artisans. Some are monthly paid
semi-professionals and others are
quote, “On the application of any owner,
registered mortgagee, or of the
BODIES CORPORATE NEWS monthly paid professionals. Those who
are members of a Union are represented
managing agent the trustees must make
all or any of the books of account and
records available for inspection.”
ADVICE FROM SECTIONAL TITLE by shop stewards appointed by the
EXPERTS Union. Some are in receipt of a thirteenth
PRACTICAL AND USEFUL
COMPETITIONS AND PRIZES
News paper reading habits...
Name(Co or Individual): Business Day is read by the people who aren't too sure who's running the
run the country. country, and don't really care as long as
The Star is read by people who think they they can get the horseracing results.
run the country. The Daily Sun is read by people who don't
The Mail & Guardian is read by care who's running the country as long as
people who think they should run the they do something really scandalous,
Code: country, and who are very good at preferably something rather gory, involving
Tel(H): ( ) crosswords. witchcraft.
Tel(B): ( ) T h e S u n d a y Ti m e s i s r e a d b y Nose Week is read by people who
Cell: people who think they ought to run the aren't sure that the whole idea of a
Email: country but don't really understand country isn't just a vast conspiracy to keep
Payment Method: Business Day. They do, however, like the people paying taxes.
Cheque enclosed soccer cartoons. The Argus is read by people whose
The Cape Times is read by people who mothers used to run another country but
Postal order enclosed wouldn't mind running the country, if they need the English soccer scores.
Made in favour of Bodies Corporate News, could knock off at midday every Friday. Bodies Corporate News is read by people
and posted to PO Box 45002 Die Burger is read by people whose who are not sure how to run a block of flats.
Claremont 7735 parents used to run the country and did a Thank your lucky stars that they don’t run
I ENCLOSE MY SUBSCRIPTION OF far superior job of it, thank you very much. the country.
R80.00, (OR R50.00 AS I AM A TRUSTEE) The Citizen is read by people who
Part 3 Financials, trustees report, approval of insurance values,
income and expenditure statements, budgets and levies
Management rule 56 provides for members to
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR TO THE TRUSTEES “consider” (not approve) the financial
OF THE VILLA VISTA BODY CORPORATE statements at their AGM. Trustees will have
approved the financial statements before the
I have audited the annual financial statements set out on pages 2 to 6 for the AGM, as they are ultimately responsible for the
year ended 30 June 2004. These financial statements are the responsibility of financial management of the body corporate.
the Trustees. My responsibility is to report on the financial statements, based The managing agent is a servant of the body
on my audit corporate and should not be blamed if errors
SCOPE occur. Every financial statement must have an
auditors report (if there are less than 10 units in
I conducted my audit in accordance with South African Auditing Standards. a scheme, an accounting officer can do the
These standards require that I plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable audit).
assurance that, in all material respects, fair presentation is achieved in the THE BALANCE SHEET (See pic in last issue)
fmancial statements and that the financial statements are free of material reflects the financial position of the Body
misstatement. An audit includes an evaluation of the appropriateness of the Corporate on the last day of the financial year
accounting policies, an examination, on a test basis, of evidence supporting that is under consideration. It reflects all the
the amounts and disclosures included in the fmancial statements, an Body Corporate’s funds in the bank, plus funds
due to the Body Corporate, plus deposits paid
assessment of the reasonableness of significant estimates and consideration
to service providers that are refundable
of the appropriateness of the overall financial statement presentation. I (assets), it also reflects amounts which are still
consider that my audit procedures were appropriate in the circumstances to due to be paid by the Body Corporate
express my opinion presented below. (liabilities) if the liabilities (money owed) is
more than the assets (money in the bank and
AUDIT OPINION monies owed to the body corporate) then there
is a serious problem. Next on the agenda is
In my opinion these financial statements fairly present in all material respects
the financial position of the Body Corporate at 30 June 2004, and the results of TRUSTEES REPORT (sometimes known as
its operations and cashflow information for the year then ended in conformity the chairmans report). Trustees are obliged to
with generally accepted accounting practice. produce a report (signed by the chairman)
which reviews and reports on the state of affairs
C. Potgieter (SA) Chartered Accountant of the Body Corporate. Most often the report is
2 SEPTEMBER 2004 CLAREMONT multifaceted and overviews finance,
maintenance, security, future plans, and
aspects of community living and predicaments
faced by members. (A kind of “state of the nation complex
overview”) Next item to receive attention is the approval and
adoption of the new
INSURANCE VALUES, Management rule 29 charges
trustees to make sure that the Body Corporate is adequately
insured. Buildings must be insured “for their full replacement
value.” (Trustees should ideally seek professional help in
determining the replacement value of the buildings in their
scheme!) The Body Corporate must keep the buildings
insured against fire, floods, and such other risks that the
owners determine by special resolution.
Tel: +27 82 714 2466
For more info visit: www.sect-wisp.co.za
TRUSTEES, DO UNWANTED GUESTS GAIN ACCESS Tel: 031 266 0404
TO YOUR BUILDING? - WE CAN SOLVE YOUR PROBLEM Specialising in
' We provide secure access systems Sectional Title Schemes
' Fingerprint technology - 1 in 5 billion match
' Long term cost saving advantages Fax: 031 266 0404
' Additional services to tenants
' Reduction in manpower requirements
' Excellent synergy with CCTV
INCOME AND EXPENDITURE STATEMENTS are then
approved and adopted. This document details the amounts of New Sectional Title Publications
income earned by the Body Corporate (usually levies and
interest received), and how the money was spent (by category)
Demistifying Sectional Title
De”mist”ifying Sectional Title sets out to simplify
in the various expenditure departments applicable to the
difficult to understand concepts, and brings home in a
running of a scheme.
practical manner, the ins and outs of
living in a sectional title complex.
THE ANNUAL BUDGET AND LEVIES FOR THE ENSUING
Knowledge is power, and never is
FINANCIAL YEAR are then considered. Based on the previous
this more apt than in a community
year’s financial performance, trustees (and the managing
agent) are well positioned to collectively evaluate the needs for
This book is a must for all trustees
the next financial year. The new budget also allows trustees to
who want to understand sectional
calculate each members levy contribution in line with their
title concepts - and it’s available
participation quota. A Body Corporate cannot budget for a
locally via Propell who have
purchased copies for redistribution
to interested parties at cost price.
Next issue (Last Episode): Appoint auditors, elect trustees,
Phone Craig on 086 000 5050 to
directions or restrictions for trustees, domicilum citandi.
order your copy.
In need of advice?
PHONE OUR HELP LINE 086 757 7882
Unfortunately we are not able to reply to each of the hundreds of
emails that we receive requesting information.
THIS PUBLICATION ACKNOWLEDGES THE CONTRIBUTION MADE TO THE
SECTIONAL TITLE INDUSTRY BY TERTIUS MAREE, GRAHAM PADDOCK, MARINA
CONSTAS AND KAREN BLEIJS WHO’S PUBLISHED WORK PROVIDES US WITH
We provide and install prepaid electricity meters nationwide
We sell electricity to Sectional Title Schemes at no extra cost
Now residents can manage their own electricity consumption
No more meter reading costs! No more administrative errors!
For more info visit the Sub Vending page on www.powermeasurement.co.za
Phone 021 556 3810 or 083 306 2418 for the best energy solutions
PEACE OF MIND FOR TRUSTEES
PROFESSIONAL NATION WIDE ELECTRICITY SUPPLY AND MANAGEMENT
IN MY OPINION Editors Comment
MISFORTUNES CAN BE AVOIDED IF TRUSTEES
TAKE APPROPRIATE AND PROMPT ACTION
The article Body Corporate of “Samiro Court” summons, issued by an attorney, by the 15th
published on the could have been avoided if the of the following month. Trustees can raise
front page of the trustees applied their powers and special levies for maintenance purposes
“Southern Courier” exercised their duties in terms of the and owners cannot refuse to pay such levies
on June 1st by Julie Sectional Title Act. Trustees are or withhold payment if they are in dispute
Maule does much to elected and act on behalf of owners, with the body corporate.
reinforce the need they must act in the best interest of Trustees Powers
for “good governance” in Sectional Title members! Trustees are endowed with certain powers.
schemes. Hopefully thousands of Trustees Duties include Topping the list is the power to appoint
sectional title owners will now realise that A primary duty is to determine, collect agents and borrow funds. BCN contacted a
their personal investment is only secure and administer levies. Trustees need leading “levy finance company” to gain an
when they, and all members of a scheme to act immediately against payment insight into the practicalities of using such
contribute jointly, and timeously to a defaulters. (Body Corporate’s should services when schemes face predicaments
common fund. “No man is an island” in a be run on business lines) Ie, A warning similar to those that were reported in the
Sectional Title Scheme.” An individual letter should be issues on a defaulter “Southern Courier”. We summarise the
only purchases a section of the complex by the 8th of a month if payment was information provided to us by Mr Charles
and is reliant on the contributions of all in due on the 1st, this is followed by a Coetzee of Propell Levy Finance:
the community if the scheme is to
succeed. The misfortune faced by the
0861 100 126
Continues on Page 7
MUN TAND OUR
“An alarming percentage of Sectional monthly levies by the first working day of In addition the body corporate will save
Title Complexes experience difficulty every month irrespective of whether costs related to their effort in the process
collecting levies timeously and many do individual owners have paid or not. of collecting levies plus the benefits
not have the necessary reserves Immediate finance is also provided to attached to being cash flush, and not
needed for maintenance and repairs. deal with urgent maintenance and having to pay interest on accounts in
These circumstances often result in repairs (ie, special levy finance). The arrears. The levy financiers, on the other
trustees establishing contact with a levy levy professional in fact “takes over” the hand generate a portion of their revenue
finance professional who’s first task is to collection of levies process, and also through defaulters by imposing costs in
evaluate the situation. This process attends to the collection of any arrears. the legal recovery of arrears that are
requires that Bodies Corporate provide Bodies Corporate contribute to the legally due by defaulting owners. The
the levy finance professional with all the process by paying the levy financier a levy finance company does however
relevant financial information and details small “once-off take on fee” followed by a carry the cost of legal fees until these are
that govern the scheme. This cumulates minimal monthly guarantee and recovered from defaulting owners.” -
in a “due diligence test” which results in collection fee (usually only 4,75% of Charles Coetzee
an assessment to consider whether a levies p/m) In other words, each owner in In conclusion we reiterate that there
body corporate can be financed. In most a complex can receive asset protection is no excuse for sectional title
cases there is sufficient equity in a for the monthly cost of a soft drink, schemes to fail because of a debt
scheme to justify financial assistance. burger and chips, burden. Trustees must exercise
Once a scheme is “taken on,” the levy eg, 10 units x levy of R500.00 p/m = “good governance,” and when
finance company usually deals with the R5000.00. Levy Finance charges 4,75% necessary make use of services
immediate arrears problem first. They guarantee and collect = R237,50 + VAT that are available within the
also guarantee to pay 100% of all = R270,75 ÷ 10 units = R27,07 p/m. industry.
Letters received from readers
I would like to thank terminated and I started doing a lot of the so the list carries on. I enjoy what I do,
you for the very work myself. Some assistance from but must admit that in our happy family
informative trustees who soon decided that the work there are some thorns. I have learned to
publication, was too cumbersome without any “tolerate” them too, as I have a
and more reward. I even fixed the electric fence, philosophy where I believe that you
particularly for light fittings, changing of globes, tap please some people most of the time and
the latest washers, etc. myself. I put in a lot of others...well, they benefit too, as much
edition with “woman” hours into this complex as it as they refuse to give recognition.
regards to “The was my home! Well needless to say, Many thanks for your publication.
removal of many owners were - and still are - Elizabeth Filiba Chair - Autumnfields
Trees and impressed by all my efforts, which I
Creepers on appreciate.
Common Property.” In In closure I have managed to
“Sectional title living provides many
fact, almost every edition successfully rescue our complex.
covers some issue / problem we
challenges for the community orientated -
Managed to drop levies and have not
experience in our complex. I have been increased levies for two years. Painted sadly these positive aspects are often
the chairman of this complex for almost the entire complex with no extra levies, diluted by the attitudes of the self
five years now. installed many new lights into this very centered individuals.”
I would like to comment too on the dark complex, managed to negotiate a
“letters received from Trustees,” and deal for all owners to have alarms in their Propell Sectional Title Solution (Pty)
more particularly the gentleman that was homes - no cost for supply and fitting. Ltd - Making Sectional Title work
doing work in the complex with no Our bank balance is very healthy, we
remuneration. In our complex there are now have a full time gardener again, and TRAINING COURSES
24 units. When I “took over” the FOR TRUSTEES
management of the complex almost five ORDER YOUR OWN Training Course:
years ago - I as an owner and trustee TRUSTEES The basis of the training Program is to
actually “forced” the then Chairman of POCKET GUIDE provide delegates with skills aimed at
some years to resign as the complex
was running at quite a loss and he was
running the complex like a “Hitler” - not
Simply post your cheque
R25 preserving unit values in bodies corporate.
The initial training programme will focus on
2 areas of Body Corporate management:
allowing anybody (trustees) any input or or money order Finance and Good Governance.
decision making. he spent money and (made in favour of Bodies Corporate News) Venue: Institute of Estate Agents SA
between himself and the managing 10 Howard Studios, Sheldon Way,
to Pinelands Cape Town
agent - at the time - they signed cheques
and decided on their own how and when PO Box 45002 Dates & topics:
things should happen. Most of the Claremont 7735 13/08/05 Good governance
owners were not interested or sort of 10/09/05 Finance
Name:.................................. 08/10/05 Good Governance
fearful of him. .............................................
In a nut shell, I was a first time home 12/11/05 Finance
Phone Number:.......................... Time: 9 -11 am. Presented by: Joe Gatz -
owner at the age of 41 (single mom) and
knew absolutely nothing about Sectional Email Address:........................... (Cape Technikon Lecturer in Finance)
Postal Address:.......................... Cost: R100 per delegate (your Body
Title. I attended an intensive workshop - Corporate should cover this cost) Free for
at my own cost and “jumped in on the ................................................... Propell clients. Refreshments: Included
deep end” on a rescue mission. Garden ................................................... Bookings can be made by contacting
services, pool services, gardener and .........................Code:................ Charlene at the Institute of Estate Agents
meter reading services were all on 021 531 3180.
Strukture op gemeenskaplike eiendom Tertius Maree
Individuele eienaars het geen reg om gebied te vorder. Die neiging in die ander eienaars om daarop aan te dring
verbeteringe of veranderinge op praktyk om eienaars, met die om dit te benut nie. Die trustees kan
gemeenskaplike eiendom aan te bring toestemming van die trustees, en selfs nie sondermeer die voorwerp of
nie. Tog gebeur dit dikwels dat daarsonder, toe te laat om na wilekeur struktuur verwyder nie en sal moontlik
eienaars, met of sonder toestemming verbeteringe aan te bring, moet bestry aansoek moet doen om 'n interdik.
van die trustees 'n tuinhek, braaigerief, word. Die volgende is 'n paar
televisie skottel of ander struktuur of algemene nadelige gevolge: Daar is dus twee alternatiewe en
installasie op die gemeenskaplike welke een gevolg moet word hang af
eiendom laat aanbring of oprig. Dit skep 'n presedent wat sake later vir van die aard van die struktuur en die
die trustees moeilik kan maak. betrokke area waarop dit aangebring
Trustees het geen seggenskap om word. 'n Tuinhek of braaigerief op 'n
sodanige veranderinge te magtig nie. Hoewel die eienaar aanvanklik heel stukkie private grond wat slegs deur
Die enkele uitsonderings hierop word gewillig mag wees om die strukuur te een eienaar benut word dui
bevat in Gedragsreël 4 en het versorg en in stand te hou, kan hy/sy, waarskynlik op die skepping van 'n
betrekking op items soos diefwering, of latere eienaars van sy/haar deel, dit uitsluitlike gebruiksgebied. In die geval
slotte, insekskerms en so meer. Wat laat verwaarloos. Die van 'n TV skottel sal 'n gedragsreël 4
die probleem onder bespreking betref instandhoudingsplig rus dan by die wysiging waarskynlik die beste
kan die oplossing redelik maklik bereik regpersoon, sonder enige vermoë om metode wees om te volg.
word aangesien die nodige wysigings dit op die eienaar af te wentel.
tot Gedragsreël 4 slegs 'n spesiale
besluit verg. Die reël word gewysig om Die trustees het
voorsiening te maak vir toestemming geen bevoegdheid
van die trustees in sulke gevalle. om heffings van die
eienaar te voder
“n Ander oplossing is om die betrokke nie. Die eienaar het
gebied in 'n uitsluitlike gebruiksgebied geen eksklusiewe
te omskep. So kan trustees die reg regte ten opsigte
WE SPECIALISE IN
verkry om verbeteringe toe te laat van die struktuur SECTIONAL TITLE CONSULTING
asook om heffings ten opsigte van die nie en niks verbied
PHONE: + 27 31 2667330 FAX: + 27 31 2667354
BODIES CORPORATE NEWS IS NOW 1 YEAR OLD! firstname.lastname@example.org
4This newsletter is intended for 4To subscribe, complete the
the chairman in your block.
BODIES CORPORATE NEWS subscription form on page 2.
4If you received it by chance Information index 4For legal advice ph 021 886 9504
please hand it over to a trustee. 4To provide editorial or opinion 4For advice phone our Help line
4Chairmen, confirm your physical email: email@example.com 086 757 7882
address and receive future 4To view past issues visit our 4If you enjoyed reading B.C.N,
issues. Fax 086 621 6612 website www.bcn.co.za you are invited to subscribe.
Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that the information published is accurate, the authors, publishers and printers take
no responsibility for any loss or damage suffered by any person as a result of the reliance upon the information contained herein.