VIEWS: 13 PAGES: 8 POSTED ON: 2/27/2011
NATAL ISSUE 9... AUGUST 2005... 12 000 COPIES POSTED TO CHAIRPERSONS & SUBSCRIBERS Dictatorial chairpersons can be challenged Dictatorships chairperson). ! Spend time understanding the are alive and The autocrat that we highlight is power sectional title rules and concept. well in some motivated, lacks transparency, has little ! Block moves by chairpersons who sectional title regard or understanding of the act, is at AGM’s subtly facilitate (without schemes! Chairpersons, arrogant, self centered and possibly querying) the nomination of only 2 managing agents, and even corrupt. trustees . caretakers are sometimes The dictatorial chairperson is ! Commit and volunteer to serve as accused of dominating empowered as a result of the trustees when there are no members, and behaving like Idi Amin. disassociation, or weak participation by nominations other than the How do such circumstances occur when owners or trustees who collectively chairpersons best friends. the sectional title concept is democratic. should monitor and perform the ! Support resolutions which promote Owners are empowered to elect executive functions of a body corporate. the interests of the whole community trustees , who in turn elect the In fact it is the apathetic, impotent, and even if their personal short term chairperson, and who collectively detached involvement by the vast investment goals are compromised. appoint a managing agent, and their own majority of stake holders that gives rise to ! Scrutinise finances diligently staff (even the caretaker)? dictatorial tendencies, as no “checks and especially when they feel that balances” are apparent. transparency is being compromised. Let’s first exclude the dominant, Owners / Members can exercise their ! Take action when they suspect that transparent, resolute, assertive and all powerful position when they a non-professional alliance exists sometimes dogmatic chairperson who collectively... between their chairperson and the functions in managing agent. ! Attend AGM’s and General ! Consider past experience and IN THIS accordance with the act. Such persons Meetings review trustees powers by ! Stop giving blank cheques in the imposing restrictions at an AGM. EDITION are probably the best option for a form of proxies ! Look beyond their preoccupation Owners who fail to exercise their Ask the Editor flourishing scheme. Page 3 (There is a clear with rental income, and the need to responsibility with regard to the above, difference between appease their own tenants. do by their non-involvement facilitate the The AGM Part 3 an assertive and a ! Focus on the long-term growth of their creation of autocratic chairpersons. Page 4 very dictatorial property investment. Continued on page 2 Editors comment Bodies Corporate News is provided to empower chairpersons / trustees, by enabling Page 6 them to add value to the property investment of all owners in a complex. It is important letters received from that our newsletter reaches chairpersons or trustees as we offer them free copies. If readers you received Bodies Corporate News by chance please pass it on to your chairperson. Page 7 Tertius advises If you are a chair / trustee and have not yet confirmed your contact Page 8 details, please do so in order to be included in our mailing-list. THE PROFESSIONAL SOLUTION WILCOTE HEAD OFFICE PO Box 272, Balito, 4420 Tel: 032 942 2033 Tel/Fax: 032 942 2022/33/19 Email: email@example.com Website: www.wilcote.co.za NORTH COAST KZN MIDLANDS DURBAN WEST Tel: 035 - 787 3716 Tel: 033 - 343 4155 Tel: 031 - 767 5366 Fax: 035 - 772 3931 Fax: 033 - 343 3259 Fax: 031 - 767 3261 SOUTH COAST DURBAN DOLPHIN COAST Tel: 039 - 317 2853 Tel: 031 - 708 4959 Tel: 032 - 942 2022/33 Tel/Fax: 039 - 315 5174 Cell: 083 710 0747 Fax: 032 - 942 2019 Page 2 Continued from page 1 Trustees who allow dictatorships Bodies Corporate appoint managing How then can conscientious owners t o s u c c e e d a r e g e n e r a l l y. . . agents, subcontractors, and staff - deal with a dictatorial chairperson? ! Easily influenced and involuntarily How do these servants manage to Trustees may dismiss their chairperson participate as they have been wield excessive influence? at any time by a majority resolution: it manipulated by the chairperson. ! Through a corrupt relationship with therefore makes sense for owners to ! Active in promoting their own agenda a chairperson. appoint at least three trustees (excluding ! Ignorant of their responsibility as the chair) at an AGM. After all the they do not understand the sectional members determine the number of title act. trustees , and if only three nominations (including the chair) are received it is up Members who inadvertently abdicate to a fourth member to “come forth” and their powers... volunteer their services to ensure that a usually do so, because many are dictatorship does not take root . investors who’s interests lie in the Autocratic chairpersons tend to receipt of monthly rentals - They usually influence their loyal aides into serving live “out of town,” and expect unpaid and additional terms. sometimes uninformed trustees to Owners can remove the chairperson (or manage their investment. These trustees) by calling a special general disengaged landlords are often ! When there is no formal, meeting. All they need is a 25% support oblivious to the reality that “many professionally written, and detailed base (by quota drawn from all owners) others” invested in the same scheme for contractual engagement and an adherence to the procedures agreement, with performance required to instigate such a meeting. A the same reasons, and as a result their criteria, and termination clauses in simple majority is all that is required at a investment could be at risk as the tenant place. duly constituted meeting in order to oust population could exceed that of resident ! When trustees who lack knowledge a chairperson (or trustee). owners. As non participants these become reliant on the skills of a If owners are unwilling to participate, or members often empower dictatorial avoid involvement, then they have only managing agent. Their status then situations, especially when an alliance themselves to blame. We reiterate, becomes one of subservience. exists between the autocratic chair and ! When trustees fail to monitor, owners are to blame if their the managing agent. On occasion organise and r e c o r d t h e chairperson is dictatorial. concerned owners attempt to rectify performance of declining circumstances but are unable staff / service Email: firstname.lastname@example.org to secure the 25% participation needed providers (staff Tel: +27 82 714 2466 to call a general meeting as they are need a work plan For more info visit: www.sect-wisp.co.za limited in number, and the managing with time related agent avoids providing contact details of goals. Idle time TRUSTEES, COMMUNICATE WITH RESIDENTS absent landlords, which renders the can result in owners powerless to act. When USING WIRELESS INTERNAL EMAIL SYSTEMS l o b b y i n g ' Internet services schemes collapse, absent landlords activities which ' Complex email seem to appear from the woodwork and can undermine ' Electronic billboards vent anger at the very dictators that they the authority of ' Integration with Access Control Services created through their lack of participation. the executive). ' PBX integration for installation (and removal reduction) ' Secure remote access to flats. We arrange finance for Body Corporate ALLOWS EASY ACCESS members who want to TO THE EXTERIORS OF MULTISTORY BUILDINGS SETTLE OVERDUE LEVIES NO SCAFFOLDING NEEDED We solve Bodies Corporate CONSOLIDATE DEBT problems in hard to reach areas (Trustees, share this concept with fellow members) WE USE OUR ROPE ACCESS SYSTEM GO ON HOLIDAY RENOVATE/UPGRADE WHICH IS QUICK, SAFE AND PAY FOR KIDS EDUCATION UNOBSTRUCTIVE. COMPLIES WITH THE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT BUY A NEW CAR REDUCE DEBT INCREASE SECURITY AND VALUES IS COST EFFICIENT AND IDEAL FOR OUR ADVICE IS FREE SPOT REPAIRS BEEHIVE REMOVAL It’s easier than you imagine. There is value in your property which CLEANING AIRCON DUCTS BIRD PROOFING we can mold into packages that suit your needs, and perhaps even WINDOW CLEANING ANTENNAE INSTALLATION reduce your current monthly bond payments. GUTTER INSTALLATIONS REPAIRING CRACKS / LEAKS FOR HASSLE FREE HOME LOAN FINANCE CALL WINDOW FRAME REPAIRS HIGH PRESSURE CLEANING CARIN 083 397 1999 ANDREW 083 456 4733 FOR QUICK ACCESS TO OUR SERVICES EMAIL email@example.com FAX 021 788 1868 PHONE: 021 448 3960 EMAIL: INFO@SKYSITE.CO.ZA Page 3 ASK THE EDITOR Rob will answer your questions Numerous requests for information at no time while I have been in the trust cheque at the end of the year and others are received. have we refused a request to see the get a bonus very carefully calculated in Many are answered within the pages records. We also distribute summaries of each case by members of the trust. The of this magazine or by phoning our the records timeously to all Members of global amounts paid to the staff including help-line 086 757 7882. the Body Corporate. Copies of the global contributions to Uif, Pension accounting records are made before Fund, Funeral Benefit Trust, Skills Q All members of our trust have enjoyed reading your Bodies Corporate News. We are a each Body Corporate meeting. And of course annually a copy of the audited accounts are sent to all 150 members. Development Levy and J.S.B. are all detailed in our accounts available to all members. Our total staff is over 50. Sectional Title Retirement Village with a Occasionally we get requests for Are we correct in not advising individual large staff. These include gardeners, detailed salary and wage schedules, members what each employee gets? maintenance people, kitchen and which we believe should be confidential Ken Blight Medcare staff. All members of the Body to the trustees. The conditions of service Corporate are entitled to see the accounting records and of staff working at our Village belong in various categories: Some are hourly paid and some belong to a Union. Some A I appreciate your predicament but also acknowledge that members are stakeholders and it is there funds that are labourers and others are more highly are being spent. As I understand it, and I SUBSCRIBE ANNUALLY TO paid artisans. Some are monthly paid semi-professionals and others are quote, “On the application of any owner, registered mortgagee, or of the BODIES CORPORATE NEWS monthly paid professionals. Those who are members of a Union are represented managing agent the trustees must make all or any of the books of account and records available for inspection.” ADVICE FROM SECTIONAL TITLE by shop stewards appointed by the EXPERTS Union. Some are in receipt of a thirteenth PRACTICAL AND USEFUL INFORMATION COMPETITIONS AND PRIZES News paper reading habits... Name(Co or Individual): Business Day is read by the people who aren't too sure who's running the run the country. country, and don't really care as long as The Star is read by people who think they they can get the horseracing results. Address: run the country. The Daily Sun is read by people who don't The Mail & Guardian is read by care who's running the country as long as people who think they should run the they do something really scandalous, Code: country, and who are very good at preferably something rather gory, involving Tel(H): ( ) crosswords. witchcraft. Tel(B): ( ) T h e S u n d a y Ti m e s i s r e a d b y Nose Week is read by people who Cell: people who think they ought to run the aren't sure that the whole idea of a Email: country but don't really understand country isn't just a vast conspiracy to keep Payment Method: Business Day. They do, however, like the people paying taxes. Cheque enclosed soccer cartoons. The Argus is read by people whose The Cape Times is read by people who mothers used to run another country but Postal order enclosed wouldn't mind running the country, if they need the English soccer scores. Made in favour of Bodies Corporate News, could knock off at midday every Friday. Bodies Corporate News is read by people and posted to PO Box 45002 Die Burger is read by people whose who are not sure how to run a block of flats. Claremont 7735 parents used to run the country and did a Thank your lucky stars that they don’t run I ENCLOSE MY SUBSCRIPTION OF far superior job of it, thank you very much. the country. R80.00, (OR R50.00 AS I AM A TRUSTEE) The Citizen is read by people who Page 4 Your AGM Part 3 Financials, trustees report, approval of insurance values, income and expenditure statements, budgets and levies Management rule 56 provides for members to REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT AUDITOR TO THE TRUSTEES “consider” (not approve) the financial OF THE VILLA VISTA BODY CORPORATE statements at their AGM. Trustees will have approved the financial statements before the I have audited the annual financial statements set out on pages 2 to 6 for the AGM, as they are ultimately responsible for the year ended 30 June 2004. These financial statements are the responsibility of financial management of the body corporate. the Trustees. My responsibility is to report on the financial statements, based The managing agent is a servant of the body on my audit corporate and should not be blamed if errors SCOPE occur. Every financial statement must have an auditors report (if there are less than 10 units in I conducted my audit in accordance with South African Auditing Standards. a scheme, an accounting officer can do the These standards require that I plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable audit). assurance that, in all material respects, fair presentation is achieved in the THE BALANCE SHEET (See pic in last issue) fmancial statements and that the financial statements are free of material reflects the financial position of the Body misstatement. An audit includes an evaluation of the appropriateness of the Corporate on the last day of the financial year accounting policies, an examination, on a test basis, of evidence supporting that is under consideration. It reflects all the the amounts and disclosures included in the fmancial statements, an Body Corporate’s funds in the bank, plus funds due to the Body Corporate, plus deposits paid assessment of the reasonableness of significant estimates and consideration to service providers that are refundable of the appropriateness of the overall financial statement presentation. I (assets), it also reflects amounts which are still consider that my audit procedures were appropriate in the circumstances to due to be paid by the Body Corporate express my opinion presented below. (liabilities) if the liabilities (money owed) is more than the assets (money in the bank and AUDIT OPINION monies owed to the body corporate) then there is a serious problem. Next on the agenda is usually the In my opinion these financial statements fairly present in all material respects the financial position of the Body Corporate at 30 June 2004, and the results of TRUSTEES REPORT (sometimes known as its operations and cashflow information for the year then ended in conformity the chairmans report). Trustees are obliged to with generally accepted accounting practice. produce a report (signed by the chairman) which reviews and reports on the state of affairs C. Potgieter (SA) Chartered Accountant of the Body Corporate. Most often the report is 2 SEPTEMBER 2004 CLAREMONT multifaceted and overviews finance, maintenance, security, future plans, and aspects of community living and predicaments faced by members. (A kind of “state of the nation complex overview”) Next item to receive attention is the approval and adoption of the new INSURANCE VALUES, Management rule 29 charges trustees to make sure that the Body Corporate is adequately insured. Buildings must be insured “for their full replacement value.” (Trustees should ideally seek professional help in determining the replacement value of the buildings in their scheme!) The Body Corporate must keep the buildings insured against fire, floods, and such other risks that the owners determine by special resolution. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +27 82 714 2466 For more info visit: www.sect-wisp.co.za TRUSTEES, DO UNWANTED GUESTS GAIN ACCESS Tel: 031 266 0404 TO YOUR BUILDING? - WE CAN SOLVE YOUR PROBLEM Specialising in ' We provide secure access systems Sectional Title Schemes ' Fingerprint technology - 1 in 5 billion match ' Long term cost saving advantages Fax: 031 266 0404 ' Additional services to tenants ' Reduction in manpower requirements ' Excellent synergy with CCTV Page 5 INCOME AND EXPENDITURE STATEMENTS are then approved and adopted. This document details the amounts of New Sectional Title Publications income earned by the Body Corporate (usually levies and interest received), and how the money was spent (by category) Demistifying Sectional Title De”mist”ifying Sectional Title sets out to simplify in the various expenditure departments applicable to the difficult to understand concepts, and brings home in a running of a scheme. practical manner, the ins and outs of living in a sectional title complex. THE ANNUAL BUDGET AND LEVIES FOR THE ENSUING Knowledge is power, and never is FINANCIAL YEAR are then considered. Based on the previous this more apt than in a community year’s financial performance, trustees (and the managing lifestyle. agent) are well positioned to collectively evaluate the needs for This book is a must for all trustees the next financial year. The new budget also allows trustees to who want to understand sectional calculate each members levy contribution in line with their title concepts - and it’s available participation quota. A Body Corporate cannot budget for a locally via Propell who have deficit. purchased copies for redistribution to interested parties at cost price. Next issue (Last Episode): Appoint auditors, elect trustees, Phone Craig on 086 000 5050 to directions or restrictions for trustees, domicilum citandi. order your copy. In need of advice? PHONE OUR HELP LINE 086 757 7882 Unfortunately we are not able to reply to each of the hundreds of emails that we receive requesting information. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT THIS PUBLICATION ACKNOWLEDGES THE CONTRIBUTION MADE TO THE SECTIONAL TITLE INDUSTRY BY TERTIUS MAREE, GRAHAM PADDOCK, MARINA CONSTAS AND KAREN BLEIJS WHO’S PUBLISHED WORK PROVIDES US WITH ADDITIONAL INSIGHT. POWER MEASUREMENT We provide and install prepaid electricity meters nationwide We sell electricity to Sectional Title Schemes at no extra cost Now residents can manage their own electricity consumption No more meter reading costs! No more administrative errors! For more info visit the Sub Vending page on www.powermeasurement.co.za Phone 021 556 3810 or 083 306 2418 for the best energy solutions PEACE OF MIND FOR TRUSTEES PROFESSIONAL NATION WIDE ELECTRICITY SUPPLY AND MANAGEMENT Page 6 IN MY OPINION Editors Comment MISFORTUNES CAN BE AVOIDED IF TRUSTEES TAKE APPROPRIATE AND PROMPT ACTION The article Body Corporate of “Samiro Court” summons, issued by an attorney, by the 15th published on the could have been avoided if the of the following month. Trustees can raise front page of the trustees applied their powers and special levies for maintenance purposes “Southern Courier” exercised their duties in terms of the and owners cannot refuse to pay such levies on June 1st by Julie Sectional Title Act. Trustees are or withhold payment if they are in dispute Maule does much to elected and act on behalf of owners, with the body corporate. reinforce the need they must act in the best interest of Trustees Powers for “good governance” in Sectional Title members! Trustees are endowed with certain powers. schemes. Hopefully thousands of Trustees Duties include Topping the list is the power to appoint sectional title owners will now realise that A primary duty is to determine, collect agents and borrow funds. BCN contacted a their personal investment is only secure and administer levies. Trustees need leading “levy finance company” to gain an when they, and all members of a scheme to act immediately against payment insight into the practicalities of using such contribute jointly, and timeously to a defaulters. (Body Corporate’s should services when schemes face predicaments common fund. “No man is an island” in a be run on business lines) Ie, A warning similar to those that were reported in the Sectional Title Scheme.” An individual letter should be issues on a defaulter “Southern Courier”. We summarise the only purchases a section of the complex by the 8th of a month if payment was information provided to us by Mr Charles and is reliant on the contributions of all in due on the 1st, this is followed by a Coetzee of Propell Levy Finance: the community if the scheme is to succeed. The misfortune faced by the MR SPIKE PERIMETER SECURITY Electric fencing Security spikes Razor wire Birdspike 0861 100 126 www.mrspike.com Continues on Page 7 WE’L L PAY O OUTS Y MUN TAND OUR IC ING I ICE BPAL S SERV ILLS ! Page 7 “An alarming percentage of Sectional monthly levies by the first working day of In addition the body corporate will save Title Complexes experience difficulty every month irrespective of whether costs related to their effort in the process collecting levies timeously and many do individual owners have paid or not. of collecting levies plus the benefits not have the necessary reserves Immediate finance is also provided to attached to being cash flush, and not needed for maintenance and repairs. deal with urgent maintenance and having to pay interest on accounts in These circumstances often result in repairs (ie, special levy finance). The arrears. The levy financiers, on the other trustees establishing contact with a levy levy professional in fact “takes over” the hand generate a portion of their revenue finance professional who’s first task is to collection of levies process, and also through defaulters by imposing costs in evaluate the situation. This process attends to the collection of any arrears. the legal recovery of arrears that are requires that Bodies Corporate provide Bodies Corporate contribute to the legally due by defaulting owners. The the levy finance professional with all the process by paying the levy financier a levy finance company does however relevant financial information and details small “once-off take on fee” followed by a carry the cost of legal fees until these are that govern the scheme. This cumulates minimal monthly guarantee and recovered from defaulting owners.” - in a “due diligence test” which results in collection fee (usually only 4,75% of Charles Coetzee an assessment to consider whether a levies p/m) In other words, each owner in In conclusion we reiterate that there body corporate can be financed. In most a complex can receive asset protection is no excuse for sectional title cases there is sufficient equity in a for the monthly cost of a soft drink, schemes to fail because of a debt scheme to justify financial assistance. burger and chips, burden. Trustees must exercise Once a scheme is “taken on,” the levy eg, 10 units x levy of R500.00 p/m = “good governance,” and when finance company usually deals with the R5000.00. Levy Finance charges 4,75% necessary make use of services immediate arrears problem first. They guarantee and collect = R237,50 + VAT that are available within the also guarantee to pay 100% of all = R270,75 ÷ 10 units = R27,07 p/m. industry. Letters received from readers I would like to thank terminated and I started doing a lot of the so the list carries on. I enjoy what I do, you for the very work myself. Some assistance from but must admit that in our happy family informative trustees who soon decided that the work there are some thorns. I have learned to publication, was too cumbersome without any “tolerate” them too, as I have a and more reward. I even fixed the electric fence, philosophy where I believe that you particularly for light fittings, changing of globes, tap please some people most of the time and the latest washers, etc. myself. I put in a lot of others...well, they benefit too, as much edition with “woman” hours into this complex as it as they refuse to give recognition. regards to “The was my home! Well needless to say, Many thanks for your publication. removal of many owners were - and still are - Elizabeth Filiba Chair - Autumnfields Trees and impressed by all my efforts, which I Creepers on appreciate. Common Property.” In In closure I have managed to “Sectional title living provides many fact, almost every edition successfully rescue our complex. covers some issue / problem we challenges for the community orientated - Managed to drop levies and have not experience in our complex. I have been increased levies for two years. Painted sadly these positive aspects are often the chairman of this complex for almost the entire complex with no extra levies, diluted by the attitudes of the self five years now. installed many new lights into this very centered individuals.” I would like to comment too on the dark complex, managed to negotiate a “letters received from Trustees,” and deal for all owners to have alarms in their Propell Sectional Title Solution (Pty) more particularly the gentleman that was homes - no cost for supply and fitting. Ltd - Making Sectional Title work doing work in the complex with no Our bank balance is very healthy, we remuneration. In our complex there are now have a full time gardener again, and TRAINING COURSES 24 units. When I “took over” the FOR TRUSTEES management of the complex almost five ORDER YOUR OWN Training Course: years ago - I as an owner and trustee TRUSTEES The basis of the training Program is to actually “forced” the then Chairman of POCKET GUIDE provide delegates with skills aimed at some years to resign as the complex was running at quite a loss and he was running the complex like a “Hitler” - not FOR ONLY Simply post your cheque R25 preserving unit values in bodies corporate. The initial training programme will focus on 2 areas of Body Corporate management: allowing anybody (trustees) any input or or money order Finance and Good Governance. decision making. he spent money and (made in favour of Bodies Corporate News) Venue: Institute of Estate Agents SA between himself and the managing 10 Howard Studios, Sheldon Way, to Pinelands Cape Town agent - at the time - they signed cheques and decided on their own how and when PO Box 45002 Dates & topics: things should happen. Most of the Claremont 7735 13/08/05 Good governance owners were not interested or sort of 10/09/05 Finance Name:.................................. 08/10/05 Good Governance fearful of him. ............................................. In a nut shell, I was a first time home 12/11/05 Finance Phone Number:.......................... Time: 9 -11 am. Presented by: Joe Gatz - owner at the age of 41 (single mom) and knew absolutely nothing about Sectional Email Address:........................... (Cape Technikon Lecturer in Finance) Postal Address:.......................... Cost: R100 per delegate (your Body Title. I attended an intensive workshop - Corporate should cover this cost) Free for at my own cost and “jumped in on the ................................................... Propell clients. Refreshments: Included deep end” on a rescue mission. Garden ................................................... Bookings can be made by contacting services, pool services, gardener and .........................Code:................ Charlene at the Institute of Estate Agents meter reading services were all on 021 531 3180. Strukture op gemeenskaplike eiendom Tertius Maree Individuele eienaars het geen reg om gebied te vorder. Die neiging in die ander eienaars om daarop aan te dring verbeteringe of veranderinge op praktyk om eienaars, met die om dit te benut nie. Die trustees kan gemeenskaplike eiendom aan te bring toestemming van die trustees, en selfs nie sondermeer die voorwerp of nie. Tog gebeur dit dikwels dat daarsonder, toe te laat om na wilekeur struktuur verwyder nie en sal moontlik eienaars, met of sonder toestemming verbeteringe aan te bring, moet bestry aansoek moet doen om 'n interdik. van die trustees 'n tuinhek, braaigerief, word. Die volgende is 'n paar televisie skottel of ander struktuur of algemene nadelige gevolge: Daar is dus twee alternatiewe en installasie op die gemeenskaplike welke een gevolg moet word hang af eiendom laat aanbring of oprig. Dit skep 'n presedent wat sake later vir van die aard van die struktuur en die die trustees moeilik kan maak. betrokke area waarop dit aangebring Trustees het geen seggenskap om word. 'n Tuinhek of braaigerief op 'n sodanige veranderinge te magtig nie. Hoewel die eienaar aanvanklik heel stukkie private grond wat slegs deur Die enkele uitsonderings hierop word gewillig mag wees om die strukuur te een eienaar benut word dui bevat in Gedragsreël 4 en het versorg en in stand te hou, kan hy/sy, waarskynlik op die skepping van 'n betrekking op items soos diefwering, of latere eienaars van sy/haar deel, dit uitsluitlike gebruiksgebied. In die geval slotte, insekskerms en so meer. Wat laat verwaarloos. Die van 'n TV skottel sal 'n gedragsreël 4 die probleem onder bespreking betref instandhoudingsplig rus dan by die wysiging waarskynlik die beste kan die oplossing redelik maklik bereik regpersoon, sonder enige vermoë om metode wees om te volg. word aangesien die nodige wysigings dit op die eienaar af te wentel. tot Gedragsreël 4 slegs 'n spesiale besluit verg. Die reël word gewysig om Die trustees het voorsiening te maak vir toestemming geen bevoegdheid van die trustees in sulke gevalle. om heffings van die eienaar te voder “n Ander oplossing is om die betrokke nie. Die eienaar het gebied in 'n uitsluitlike gebruiksgebied geen eksklusiewe te omskep. So kan trustees die reg regte ten opsigte WE SPECIALISE IN verkry om verbeteringe toe te laat van die struktuur SECTIONAL TITLE CONSULTING asook om heffings ten opsigte van die nie en niks verbied PHONE: + 27 31 2667330 FAX: + 27 31 2667354 BODIES CORPORATE NEWS IS NOW 1 YEAR OLD! email@example.com 4This newsletter is intended for 4To subscribe, complete the the chairman in your block. BODIES CORPORATE NEWS subscription form on page 2. 4If you received it by chance Information index 4For legal advice ph 021 886 9504 please hand it over to a trustee. 4To provide editorial or opinion 4For advice phone our Help line 4Chairmen, confirm your physical email: firstname.lastname@example.org 086 757 7882 address and receive future 4To view past issues visit our 4If you enjoyed reading B.C.N, issues. Fax 086 621 6612 website www.bcn.co.za you are invited to subscribe. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that the information published is accurate, the authors, publishers and printers take no responsibility for any loss or damage suffered by any person as a result of the reliance upon the information contained herein.
Pages to are hidden for
"IN THIS EDITION Dictatorial can be chairpersons challenged"Please download to view full document