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teaching-grammar

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					Teaching/Learning
        Grammar
Main Problems in T/L
Grammar
 Selection of grammar
 Methodological arrangement of
  selected grammar
 Approaches to T/L grammar

 Types of exercises
Issues about how to teach
Grammar
 Should grammar be presented
  inductively or deductively?
 Should we use grammatical
  explanations and technical
  terminology in a CLT classroom?
 Should grammar be taught in
  separate "grammar only" classes?
 Should teachers correct
  grammatical errors?
Principles of Selection of
School Grammar
Principle of frequency and function
 load
 Principle of polysemy
Methodological arrangement
of selected grammar
   To find out difficulties (in form, meaning
    and usage) and design approaches and
    strategies and types of exercises to
    overcome them.
   Division of the selected grammar items
    into school forms.
   Division of the selected grammar items
    into receptive and productive minima.
Approaches to
Teaching/Learning Grammar
 Communicative approach
 Situational approach

 Structural approach

 Conscious approach

 Differentiated approach to T/L
  receptive and productive grammar
Strategies for T/L Grammar
   Presentation or explanation
   Consolidation or retention
   Usage in communication
Stages for assimilation the
grammar mechanisms

   presentation of the grammar item
   recognition of the item
   drilling/training
   usage in speech activities
Useful Grammar Techniques
   using charts
   using objects
   using maps and simple
    drawings
   using dialogues
   using written texts

				
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