Day 1 - Presentations of Streetnet affiliates by gyvwpsjkko

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									                                     ANNEXURE III

Presentations of StreetNet affiliates

1.     DRC - LDFC

       LDFC is affiliated to StreetNet.
       A year ago StreetNet called on us to organize waste pickers
       We started to work in the capital
       We found people who collect pieces of old vehicles. People come to the market to
       buy pieces of vehicles
       We formed an organization which has legal status and opened a bank account.
       Difficulties – lack of stalls, lack of depositories where they can put the goods, bad
       weather, police harassment
       Some do direct collection of waste – they have an old van to collect materials.
       They collect old fridges etc, plastic bags, loose plastic, chairs, basins etc.
       The organization has a president, members, councillors, advisors, secretary, vice
       president and treasurer.
       The direct committee has 12 people. 4 men and 6 women (?)
       They treat waste, they pound it and bail it
       People make cars, metal buckets, pans, TV antennae out of scrap

2.     Togo - SYVEMACOT

       In 2008 StreetNet sent an email asking us to organize waste collectors
       Collectors and recyclers are different and complementary. Household collectors
       go from house to house or street to street to collect waste and then deposit it. Then
       others sort it. These people also recycle the waste
       There are also people who sort organic waste, plastic waste and metal
       Boys, children and women sort the metals, pull apart plastic bags and aluminium
       boxes and sell it to builders
       There are also people who recuperate fertilizer which gardeners come and buy
       There is lack of co-ordination of the dump by the municipal authorities. They
       don’t know the work that the collectors do and they are put aside.
       There is a need for better coordination of waste involving certain NGOs
       There are some VIPS who stay at home whose goal is to become rich from the
       waste. They earn millions but the conditions of work for the workers are bad
       Problems - Working conditions are very difficult, absence of social protection and
       primary health, poor working conditions, income is low, no working contract, no
       legal recognition , lack of working materials, protective equipment etc.
       SYVEMACOT is in an experimentation phase. We took time to go to the ground
       and we have some difficulties. We have some achievements now, but when we
       first spoke to them they were very hesitant, they didn’t want photos taken etc. But
       with time they started communicating with us. We went many times to explain to


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     them that it is good to be organized. The big problem is the conditions of work
     and life
     We need to lobby the authorities so that they understand the importance of these
     people
     We need to develop cooperatives and organize waste collectors, give them social
     protection and social services, create strategic alliances with NGOS, focus on
     health issues, training on environmental issues, have a tax at local level to pay the
     waste collectors

3.   Niger - FENASEN

     StreetNet asked us to start engaging waste collectors
     We have collectors of household waste in our cities
     We did research and then went to our basic trade union and did feedback. People
     decided that they would invest themselves in the organization of these sectors.
     The committee includes the GS, two fellows, and the recruitment department. We
     are 5 people in the committee that was set up to do this work.
     We went and saw an association which organizes household collectors. We had a
     meeting with them. In these meetings the NGO which uses collectors of waste
     said it gives them protective clothing and a salary. The collectors work for the
     NGO and don’t have their own means of work. The NGO gives them transport
     In another place we sensitized waste collectors regarding why we were there for
     them. They accepted that we organize them. We gave them information and
     sensitized them about the importance of organizing
     They showed us another place where there are 53 collectors. They also agreed to
     become members.
     Difficulties - they don’t have social protection; they don’t have protective
     equipment; they get paid 300 each day – they asked us to help them as the boss
     subtracts a lot of money for transport; problems with taxi drivers when they have
     accidents in the street with the taxi drivers, so we have met with the union of the
     drivers to say that these people are workers and our members and need to be
     respected.
     We know now that we have to defend these people

4.   Guinea Conakry – CNTG – Organisation SAMSOM (Collecteurs et
     Ramasserus d’ordures)

     There is a cooperative of 5 regions of the capital
     In every town we have a president and 5 supervisors (this was unclear, perhaps
     they meant that in each of the 5 regions of capital they have a president and 5
     supervisors)
     Men have the tough jobs of pushing the carts and collecting waste
     There are 20 waste collectors
     There is a cooperative of the waste collectors. We are well organized



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     Our vision is to have synergy with NGOs, better workers’ wages, increase
     technical capacity of the cooperative, social insurance if possible
     Difficulties – lack of protective clothing, primary health, lack of decent work,
     social protection, no site where they can put the waste
     They have carts

5.   Zimbabwe – ZCIEA

     Thanks to StreetNet for encouraging us as the informal economy grouping to give
     our thoughts to the waste collectors in Zimbabwe
     ZCTU has organized some waste collectors
     They are from Jambanja Environmental Sanitation Initiative (JESI), which is a
     local environmental action group based in ward 24 Chitungwiza. It focuses on
     fighting cholera after the cholera outbreak. It brought people together to do
     voluntary cleaning and hygiene promotion
     Did a pilot study and then transformed JESI into a community based
     environmental pressure group
     They want to promote sustainable waste management as part of this
     Challenges – insufficient funding to support clean up campaigns, hygiene
     promotion, peer education, waste management etc
     Focus on hygiene promotion and advocacy and lobbying

6.   Kenya - KENASVIT

     StreetNet asked KENASVIT to reach out to waste collectors
     We asked our affiliates to reach out
     There was research done by the NGO ECOTACT on waste collector
     organizations in cities where we have affiliates, but they didn’t involve the
     affiliates.
     In Nakuru David Kuria introduced Evalyne from KENASVIT to Patrick from
     Practical Action, who was organizing waste collectors
     In the past the Nakuru council provided waste services. It collected waste and
     took it to the dump. People paid as part of their rates. Government couldn’t
     provide an adequate service. The environment was very bad. Government
     privatized collection of garbage. Went to community groups and SMMEs. They
     have come together to form NASMWAMA
     On March 12 2010 Practical Action convened a solid waste forum attended by our
     coordinator, all solid waste businesses in Nakuru and groups registered by the
     council etc. Later the organizations met to agree on their organizational structure
     and drafted their constitution with the assistance of Kenasvit.
     Our coordinator shared the importance of getting the waste pickers, who had not
     been involved in the original meetings and establishment of the organization.
     Practical Action organized a separate meeting to see the waste pickers’ views on
     the constitution.



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The association, which is called NASWAMA, applied for registration under the
society act and are now officially registered due to the efforts of Practical Action
and KENASVIT
KENASVIT incorporated waste collectors to attend a forum re the legalisation of
street vending
NASWAMA
    o Membership – licensed CBOS, SMEs, business individuals (buyers of
        reclaimed waste), pickers
    o The association has a management committee of nine members elected
        from the above clusters. It has a chairperson, vice chairperson, secretary,
        assistant secretary, treasurer, organizing secretary, and three committee
        members
    o Are 247 women and 98 men in all the CBOS and in the SMEs there are 18
        women and 56 men
    o In the leadership there are 4 women and 5 men. Women are the secretary
        and treasurer (note, this is 2)
    o Criteria for choosing members – from each group and SMMEs
    o Executive deals with day to day activities of the association
    o Meets with others during the week
    o NASWAMA was formed to bring all member groups together. It adds
        value
    o Members need capacity building, assistance with marketing
    o NASWAMA is a social movement influenced by social activities
    o Organization activities – advocacy on governance, marketing the products,
        capacity building (business planning, documentation, record keeping)
    o Up to this time running costs are covered by Practical Action
    o Achievements – started receiving money from CBOs and SMMEs in the
        form of registration, annual subscriptions, monthly contributions
    o Achievements – recognition by communities and local authorities,
        cooperation with pickers, public opinion and attitudes has changed from
        negative to positive, CBOs have restructured themselves and complied
        with bylaws, harassment from local askaris has been minimized
    o How we got organized – organized SMEs involved in household garbage
        collection services provision, individual waste pickers, sole
        proprietorships informal waste reclaimers were all brought together by
        Practical Action
    o Sectors that they organize in – it depends on the market available –
        organic waste for composting, plastics, shoe soles, bottles and bottle tops,
    o Practical Action facilitated by – organizing meetings, education, supported
        registration, financial management, data collection, office support, bridge
        with KENASVIT
    o Vision or policy proposals on solid waste management – NASWAMA –
        make transport available for all groups
    o Problems – lack of storage facilities, police harassment, low prices for
        products, transportation problems, negative public perception, no
        organized umbrella body

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          o Recommendations – facilities for waste collectors, negotiations with
            buyers, need organized umbrella organization


Direct Africa experiences of waste collectors’ organizations

1.     South Africa – ground Work and South African Waste Pickers’ Association

       groundWork is an environmental justice NGO that works on various campaigns:
       waste, air quality, climate change, health care waste, mining
       2008 – Musa started going to different landfill sites in SA to gather information
       on the landfills. When he was doing this one thing that was common was that
       there were waste pickers there. One of the waste pickers said that their conditions
       were poor and they wish they could be organized into a union so they could speak
       to government. This sparked something in Musa’s mind. So he started saying to
       waste pickers at different sites that government will never listen to you if you
       don’t organize yourselves. He would go into the landfill site and ask to meet with
       them. He would ask if they have a committee. If so he would speak to the chair or
       the president and then request a meeting with all of the waste pickers. He would
       explain what groundWork is and explain that groundWork wants to assist them to
       organize themselves so they can speak to government with one voice. That is how
       this project started. groundWork thought organizing would be a good thing to do
       as they were exploited by middlemen, didn’t have protective clothing, were
       undermined by society, harassed by security. groundWork knew if they pushed
       waste recycling it would be easier if they pushed it together with waste pickers
       who are already recycling. In January 2008 he started going to different landfill
       sites. He has visited 71 landfill sites in 7 provinces. Due to financial reasons he
       hasn’t been to the other two provinces. The waste pickers started electing
       committees, landfill coordinators whom Musa relates to.
       In July 2009 they held the first national meeting in Johannesburg. 100 waste
       pickers from 7 provinces attended. At the meeting they took a number of
       resolutions. Each province elected a coordinator, three of whom are women. They
       are part of a working group. They are the drivers of the association that they are
       forming. Good things are happening in some landfills. In others nothing is
       happening.
       One person acts as the speaker of the working group. He is the coordinator of the
       North West province.
       The national group was named by the media. They called them the SA Waste
       Pickers’ Association
       Successes – linking waste pickers from across the country; recognition by the
       media and government; some cooperatives and businesses have been formed by
       waste pickers at different landfills
       groundWork’s main aim in assisting them is to see waste recycling happening at a
       higher rate in South Africa
       main aim for SAWPA is to have access to recyclables at landfill sites


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     Sectors we organize in – mainly we work with waste pickers at the landfill sites.
     There are a few who come from the street in Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape.
     They recycle plastic, cardboard, paper, metal, bricks etc
     There are not many technical processes – only collection, sorting and bailing.
     Only 1 landfill site has a bailing machine
     what influenced waste pickers to have this structure is the history of organizations
     in South Africa – many organizations have a national structure, with provincial
     structures. This model was taken from the unions
     vision – zero waste controlled by waste pickers
     challenges – Musa only went once or twice to the landfills; competition with
     municipal employees who take recyclables even though they earn a salary; sexual
     harassment by male waste pickers and municipal employees; political dynamics
     among waste pickers including xenophobia, social stigma
     Cynthia reported on the group that she is part of in Mpumalanga, which is made
     up of 13 women who collect bottles, cardboard etc at the landfill.

2.   Senegal – Bokk Diom, SUDEMS, CNTS

     Bokk Diom is made up of waste pickers at the Mbeussbeuss landfill
     Mbeussbeuss was created in 1968. The waste pickers organized themselves in an
     association as waste pickers said people didn’t respect them
     Bokk Diom created a community house with the support of financial partners
     In the organization of Bokk Diom we say we work outside and we think about our
     health. We built a clinic and a community house where we can have training
     We recover iron, aluminium, copper and other materials
     At the beginning, when we sensitized people, most didn’t agree to come and
     participate in this organization. Now out of 1200 waste pickers at Mbeussbeuss,
     800 are members.
     Global objectives – promote social economic development with the support of
     partners
     Specific objective – enforce and develop citizen action which favours the
     development of a sustainable movement to work together with street vendors,
     improve how waste pickers are seen
     The resources of the organization come from contributions from waste pickers
     and from partners working at the site
     Field of action – health, education, training
     Social and Economic development of members. All of our activities favour the
     development of a collective identity, links and coherence
     We have trainers.
     We need to develop communication, promote exchanges between waste pickers
     and improve collective management
     When it opened in 1968 our parents and Grandparents went into the site and then
     they constituted a group




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        In 1995 they constituted a group to ask to discuss with the mayor of Malica to
        form an association. The mayor helped them. They are legally registered and have
        a number of partners including ENDA, IAGU, Intermonde, UNICEF, [a long list].
        Bokk Diom has a president, vice president, secretary and deputy, treasurer and
        deputy, people who control the budget
        They have an administration council comprised of the president, secretary,
        treasurer,
        They are receiving some training on electronic waste
        The government wants to close the site but they aren’t letting them do it. Enda
        and IAGU are helping them. They have said that they are going to create a centre
        to sort the recyclables.
        But, they are saying only 300 out of the 800 members can go to the sorting station.
        There is a need to protect all of their members
        Their mode of action – with the NGOs they developed a programme of action.
        They have two trainers. One is permanent, one is for a period.
        At the health centre they have some problems. The population of the whole area,
        and not just waste pickers use it.

3.      Ivory coast – FEPSU –CI, UFEPP-CI, SYNA-ASH

     Presentation #1

        In Ivory Coast how do we manage waste? The government gives power to
        districts who give power to collection societies who collect the waste. They serve
        households. But the soceities’ lorries can’t enter all of the neighbourhoods due to
        the state of the roads. Women throw the waste everywhere. To solve the problem
        we have an activity called pre-collection. We intervene at that level. We collect
        the waste where the society can’t go. We give this pre-collected waste to the lorry.
        At first when we started the women paid us to take it to the lorry. What they pay
        varies according to the district. The societies are paid to collect. The price was
        16000 in the beginning.
        There is a struggle to train the collectors. The struggle is led by the collectors.
        The pre-collectors have signed a contract with the societies so that they pay the
        pre-collectors a percentage of what they are paid.
        The pre-collectors use carts and tractors
        They have two kinds of collection – 1) pre-collection which is then given to the
        societies 2) private collection where people pay to have their materials collected
        There are elements that they can recycle and others that they can’t recycle
        It seems they may have asked for some assistance from the World Bank, but this
        was unclear from the translation

     Presentation #2

        They went to see the minister of the environment. In 1998 they had a meeting
        where the minister of the environment obliged the societies to pay them


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   If people don’t know you, then they harass you, but the authorities assist them
   They are the same as anyone else. They had to struggle to be where they are.
   When he started he pushed a cart, he had customers. He went to other districts and
   developed his work. They developed themselves.
   The union made them strong. By district they created associations. They had
   enterprises and cooperatives. They had meetings and created a legal association.
   They cover 10 towns. They work together
   The people from Senegal who cry about the other 300 who won’t be included in
   the materials recovery facility when the dump is closed - you can decide what you
   want to make something for them. You can have four or five centres. It is up to
   you to plan for this.

Presentation #3

   This was a society for waste collectors. I was a waste collector. I was behind the
   lorry, despite the level i had i accepted the work of a waste collector
   We are affiliated to a powerful trade union




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