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     F EBRUARY 14 & 15, 2006
P AGE 2                                                         ELCOME

          Welcome to Lethbridge! The HIV Connection Society is proud to be the host organization for the 7th An-
          nual Alberta Harm Reduction Conference. With the help of the active & caring provincial and local plan-
          ning committees, we feel that we have pulled together a wonderful conference. We hope you feel the same
          way! Many people, from many different perspectives are prepared to ensure you leave Lethbridge with
          information on the science of harm reduction, the new trends, and methods of understanding & motivation.
          The conference theme of “Creating a Place of Belonging” is more than a theme- it is a goal. Enjoy your ex-
          perience and one another’s company.
                                      Dr. Hélène Wirzba, Executive Director, Lethbridge HIV Connection

                                    EYNOTE                A DDRESS
Eugene Oscapella, Lawyer and President of Oscapella and Associates Consulting, Ltd., completed an under-
graduate degree in economics at the University of Ottawa (1977), and received his Masters of Laws from the
London School of Economics in Political Science (1979). He was called to the Ontario Bar in 1980. From
1980 to 1981, Mr. Oscapella served as a counsel to the Commission of Inquiry Concerning certain Activities
of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. From 1982 to 1985, he was the Director of Legislation and Law Re-
form for the Canadian Bar Association. Since 1985, his company has offered research services and policy and
strategic advice on Canadian legislative and social policy issues.

Mr. Oscapella is a founding member of the Canadian Foundation for Drug Policy and was a former chair and
member of the policy committee of the Canadian Criminal Justice Association. He lectures in criminology at
the University of Ottawa, and frequently lectures elsewhere on privacy and drug policy issues. His writing
has been published widely in Canada and abroad.

                                       The goal of this conference is to raise awareness about the
                                       application of harm reduction principles amongst Alberta
                                       service providers who deal with populations vulnerable to
                                       Hepatitis C and HIV/AIDS and to build capacities within
                                       those vulnerable communities.
           ONFERENCE AT A                                      G LANCE                                             P AGE 3

         M ONDAY , F EBRUARY 13                                                      I NSIDE ….
  7:00 pm—9:00 pm Meet & greet—Poplar Room I
                                                                Conference at a Glance ···························· 3
         T UESDAY , F EBRUARY 14                                Plenary Sessions ···································· 4
  7:00 am—8:30 am         Registration                          Important Information ···························· 5
          8:00 am         Smudge of the Wellness Room
  8:30 am—9:30 am         Opening Ceremony & Remarks            Desperate Jester Theatre ·························· 5
 9:30 am—10:30 am         Keynote Address
10:30 am—10:45 am         Break                                 Community Room ································· 5
10:45 am—12:15 pm         Session #1
 12:15 pm—1:30 pm         Lunch & Plenary Session               Wellness Room ····································· 6
  1:30 pm—3:00 pm         Session #2
  3:00 pm—3:15 pm         Break                                 Opening Ceremonies ······························ 7
  3:15 pm—4:45 pm         Session #3
  4:45 pm—6:00 pm         Break                                 Conference Schedule ··························· 8-9
          6:00 pm         Dinner & Entertainment
                                                                Workshop Descriptions ····················· 10-13
      W EDNESDAY , F EBRUARY 15                                 Speaker Bios ··································· 14-15
  8:00 am—8:30 am         Registration                          Note Pages····································· 16-17
  8:30 am—9:30 am         Plenary Session
 9:30 am—11:00 am         Session #4                            Planning Committees ···························· 20
11:00 am—11:15 am         Break
11:15 am—12:45 pm         Session #5                            Contributors ······································ 21
 12:45 pm—2:00 pm         Lunch & Closing Remarks
  2:00 pm—3:00 pm         Plenary Session

                                           RSW C ATEGORY A C ONTINUING C OMPETENCY C REDITS

                                             Working in partnership with the University of Calgary, this conference
                                             has been APPROVED for RSW Category A Continuing Competency

Participants wanting to get credit for their attendance will be required to complete the daily sign up sheet. This sheet
will be posted during registration each day. Participants must attend all the events for the day in attendance to obtain
 full credit. Participants will be awarded 5 credit per day for a total of 10 credits for the entire conference. A certifi-
                               cate of participation will be issued following the conference.

     If you have any questions regarding RSW Category A Credits, please contact the Conference Coordinator.
                                                  LENARY                 S ESSIONS

                                                    L UCY B ARNEY , P ROGRAM M ANAGER C HEE M AMUK P ROGRAM

Lucy’s presentation will address the topic of embracing harm reduction within a traditional Aboriginal perspective.

Lucy Barney, RN, MSN
Lucy is from the Titqet (Lillooet) Nation, mother of two boys and a traditional dancer who incorporates her tradi-
tional knowledge with her current work as the Program Manager of Chee Mamuk, Aboriginal Program, BC Centre
for Disease Control. Knowing the Western Medicine of health and the traditional practices of Aboriginal peoples’
view of wellness, Lucy developed the “Braid Theory”, which looks at the body, mind, and spirit. Lucy received her
Registered Nurse Diploma through Langara College, 1996, and a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University
of Victoria in 1997. She then continued her education with a Masters of Science in Nursing at the University of BC,
specializing in Leadership and Aboriginal Health. Thesis: Prevention Program for Aboriginal Youth on Hepatitis.

                                                                                         S EX , W ORK , R IGHTS

Glenn’s presentation will address the negative impact of criminalization of sex work, based on the report by the Cana-
dian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.

Glenn Betteridge
Glenn joined the Legal Network in February 2003. He came to the Network from the HIV and AIDS Legal Clinic
(Ontario) where he was a staff lawyer and acting legal director, representing low income people living with HIV/
AIDS in housing, income maintenance, disability insurance and human rights matters. He has also worked with fed-
eral and provincial prisoners and advises AIDS service organizers. Glenn’s involvement with HIV/AIDS began in
Montreal as a member of the AIDS activist group ACT UP in the late 1980’s. While at law school he spent a summer
working for Ralf Jurgens researching HIV/AIDS and prison issues for the final report of the Expert Committee on
AIDS in prisons (ECAP). Glenn holds LLB and BCL degrees from the McGill Faculty of Law and is a member of the
Ontario Bar.

                                                                    H EATHER H AY , V ANCOUVER H EALTH R EGION

Heather’s presentation will address the key learning's and experiences from the Supervised Injection Site in down-
town Vancouver

Heather Hay
Heather is a nurse who has worked as a senior health administrator within the acute care and community sector for
the past 30 years. In her current position with Vancouver Coastal Health, Heather serves as the Director, Vancouver
Community Health Services with responsibility for Adult and Youth Addiction, HIV/AIDS Services, Aboriginal
Health Services and has been the healthcare lead for the implementation of the Downtown Eastside Health and Safety
Initiatives since 1997.
             MPORTANT                          I NFORMATION                                                           P AGE 5

Will be in the foyer/reception area of the Lethbridge Lodge on Monday, February 13 from 7:00—9:00 p.m.; Tuesday, Febru-
ary 14 from 7:00—8:30 a.m.; and on Wednesday, February 15 from 8:00—8:30 a.m. Participants will receive name tags, con-
ference packages, and confirmation of payment. This desk will remain open for information during conference hours.
Email is available in the Conference Office located in the Willow Room.
All volunteers and Planning Committee members will be identified with a “kissed” name tags. If you have any concerns or ques-
tions, please do not hesitate to approach these individuals.
The ballrooms will be used for the conference opening and closing, Keynote address, plenary speakers, dinner, and lunches.
The Lethbridge Lodge Hotel is a non-smoking environment. Smoking is permitted in designated areas and smoking rooms only.
Please inform the Conference Coordinator if you have any food allergies or special dietary needs.

               ESPERATE                     J ESTER T HEATRE
Desperate Jester Theatre is Lethbridge’s newest live entertainment company
specializing in improvisational comedy. If you’ve ever seen the popular televi-
sion show “Who’s Line is it Anyway?” you already know how hilarious and
unpredictable improv can be. The most important part of the performance is
audience participation, so feel free to shout out your wackiest suggestions. If
you would like more information or to book for your next event, visit our
website at

               OMMUNITY                     R OOM

A Community Room has been set up for past or current users who may need to take a break during the con-
ference. The Community Room will be located in Executive Suite 131 on February 14 and 15. Food and
refreshments will be available throughout the conference.

For more information, please go to the information booth located in the hotel reception area.
                                                       ELLNESS                R OOM
The Wellness Room will be located in Poplar Room IV. This room is for conference participants to “take a
break” and enjoy the services of local practitioners. Available services will include massage, Reiki, mani-
cures, and “angel cards.” Services are free of charge and there will be sign-up times throughout the day. Sign
up sheets will be located within the Wellness Room.
There will be a “Smudge” ceremony in the Wellness Room at 8 am on Tuesday, February 14.

T UESDAY , F EBRUARY 14                                                    W EDNESDAY , F EBRUARY 15
10:00 AM —4:00 PM                                                               9:00 AM —3:00 PM
10 am—2 pm—Timna (appointment)                                                 9 am—11 am—LCC Massage School
10 am—12 pm—SAIM (12 Students)                                        12 pm—3 pm—LA School Manicures (tentative)
2 pm—4 pm—LCC Massage School (10)

                                P RACTITIONER B IOS
Timna Nets of Timna's Massage Therapy
(Stressless Heart: 1009—3 Ave S, Lethbridge, AB, T1J 0J3, 315-3610, 381-0667)
Timna is a member of the Association of Massage Therapists and Holistic Practitioners. She graduated from the Mas-
sage Therapy Program at Lethbridge Community College and has extensive training including relaxation, therapeutic
massage techniques, Reiki, Thai Foot Massage and Asian Hot Stone Body Work.

Southern Alberta Institute of Massage (SAIM)
SAIM is a private institute operating to train competent and professional massage therapists. The program is licensed
under the Private Vocational Schools Act and is currently based out of Lethbridge. The program concentrates on a
positive learning environment that combines related theory with hands on training in a concentrated program. Many
past graduates have gone on to practice in different provinces and countries in settings such as professional clinics,
chiropractic clinics, health clubs, spas, sporting affiliates and private practices.

LCC Massage Therapy
Gloria Cormican, Program Administrator, 320-3321
People from all walks of life are discovering the health enhancing benefits of Massage Therapy, one of the most an-
cient and venerable healing arts. This branch of complementary health care spans a wide variety of therapeutic ap-
proaches, working to improve a person’s health and well being through the hands-on manipulation of muscles and
other soft tissues of the body. Positive results can be obtained through massage therapy for pain relief, stress manage-
ment, relaxation, and improved circulation.

LCC Massage Therapy Student Clinic
Rebecca Orr, 320-3310
The Lethbridge Community College offers a 12-month certificate program in Massage Therapy focusing on knowl-
edge, skills and attitudes necessary for employment as a Massage Therapist. This program is designed to facilitate indi-
viduals to become a professional in the holistic health care field. Students must complete 17 core courses plus three
clinical practicum's to receive their certificate. Practicum opportunities are available for students at our on-campus
clinic as well as massage therapist clinics throughout the region.
                          PENING                    C EREMONY                                                                P AGE 7

                                                                              S MUDGE OF THE W ELLNESS R OOM

Smudge: A Traditional Cleansing Ceremony:
Smudging is the burning of certain herbs to create a cleansing smoke bath, which is used to purify people, ceremonial and ritual
space, and ceremonial tools and objects. Many differing cultures and peoples have their own methods and herbal mixtures for
this purpose. Native American Indians use a variety of smudging mixtures in this way. The principle herbs used are sage, cedar
or juniper, lavender and sweetgrass. Pure tobacco is also used by some Plains tribes, and copal in South and Central America.
The herbs are burnt on their own or in mixtures, depending on tradition and required effect. Sage is used as a cleansing and pu-
rifying agent, the effect of the smoke is to banish negative energies. The powerful cleansing vibration it emits when burned, is
used to purify the subtle energies of one’s aura, as well as personal and ceremonial space or healing and ceremonial tools, such as
pipes and crystals.
Cedar needles are used in a similar way to cleanse and bring balance to the emotions and to the male/female (yin/yang) ele-
ments. To clear one’s actions and to promote forgiveness, lavender flowers can be added to the mixture to bring the quality of
spiritual blessing.
Sweetgrass is dried and braided into fragrant smelling plaits and can also be added to the mixtures, but it is often burned alone
after the sage or smudge mixture has been used. Sweetgrass brings sweetness and beauty into one’s life and surroundings. One
can offer a prayer to this effect as the braid is lit.
The process of smudging involves placing the individual herb or mixture of herbs into a shell or fireproof bowl or dish. Some
traditions will not use shells as they say the water element of the shell nullifies the fire element. Others use the shell to bring in
the balance of the elements (i.e. fire, smoke or air, shell for water, and the herbs themselves as the earth element). The mixture
is lit and helped to burn by the use of a feather or fan. Blowing into the mixture is not encouraged as it is seen as blowing one’s
own negativity into the mixture. The mixture is then wafted around one’s self like a smoke bath.
Cleansing ceremonial or ritual space before and after the event is an essential part of spiritual hygiene. The initial smudging is for
the purpose of purifying the space and participants and for banishing any unwanted energies. The final smudge is to cleanse any
negative vibrations and energies attracted or created during the proceedings.

                                                                     T RADITIONAL W OMEN ’ S J INGLE D ANCE
                                             A medicine man’s granddaughter was very ill. He had a dream in which a spirit
                                             wearing the jingle dress came to him and told him to make one of these dresses and
                                             put it on his daughter to cure her. When he awoke, he and his wife proceeded to
                                             assemble the dress as described by the spirit of his dream. When finished, they and
                                             others brought his granddaughter to the dance hall and she put on the dress. During
                                             the first circle around the room, she needed to be carried. During the second circle
                                             around the room, she could barely walk and needed the assistance of many women.
                                             The third circle around the room, she found she could walk without assistance and
                                             during the fourth circle around the room, she danced.
                                             The jingle dress is made of a cloth, velvet, or leather base adorned with jingles made
                                             out of metal. Traditionally, and still common today, the jingles are made from the
                                             lids of snuff cans. These are bent and molded into triangular bell shapes and attached
                                             to the dress with ribbon or fabric in a pattern designed by the dancer. It takes be-
                                             tween 400 and 700 jingles to make an adult jingle dress.
                                             The dance itself is designed to incorporate the sound of the jingles by allowing them
                                             to move, to make them jingle, or to be made “happy.” The steps are controlled and
                                             do not involve high kicking or twirls. Often the steps are in a zigzag pattern to re-
                                             flect the zigzagging involved in the journey of life. The feet often do parallel move-
                                             ments. The Jingle Dress dancer raiser her fan when the “honor beats” are played on
                                             the drum. As in all dances, the Jingle Dress dancer must stay in time with the drum-
                                             beat and stop with both feet on the ground on the final beat.
                                                               T UESDAY , F EBRUARY 14
                          Poplar I             Poplar II             Poplar III            Cedar Room             Birch Room
  7:00 am—8:30 am                                                   Registration
                                                  Conference Opening & Keynote Address
 8:30 am—10:30 am                                An Update on the Canadian War on Drugs
                               Presenter: Eugene Oscapella, Lawyer & President of Oscapella and Associates Consulting
10:30 am—10:45 am                                                       Break
                                                                     Session #1
                                      HIV & HCV Preva-                                    Interventions to
                                                               Developing a
                                       lence and Risk                                        Improve the
                                                               Peer Support
                  Harm Reduction Behaviours among                                           Health of the
                                       Non-Injection,        Program in your                                       Injection
                          101                                                                Homeless in
10:45 am—12:15 pm                        Drug Using,            Community                                        Support Team
                     Jennifer Tyler                                                           Lethbridge
                                       Crack-Cocaine           Christine Thomas                                      Lee Wiebe
                  Lethbridge HIV Con-      Smokers
                                                                                           Danielle Tkachenko
                                          Rob Morgan
                                                              Life with Hepatitis         Sexual Health Centre        VANDU
                                       Western Aboriginal     Society of Central              Diane Randell
                                      Harm Reduction Society        Alberta                 City of Lethbridge

                                                          Lunch and Plenary Session
12:15 pm—1:30 pm                 Embracing Harm Reduction within a Traditional Aboriginal Perspective
                                       Presenter: Lucy Barney, Program Manager Chee Mamuk Program
                                                                     Session #2

                                                                    Self Injury:                                 Drug Strategies:
                                                                                          Uptown, Down-
                                                                  Practical Treat-                                Pushing the
                                                                                          town: The Drug
                  The Experience             Harm Reduc-                                                            Envelope
                                                                  ment Strategies          Handbook—A
                   of Starting a           tion: A Model of
  1:30 pm—3:00 pm                                                   to Reduce             Harm Reduction            Jill Mitchell
                   User Group               Human Rights
                                                                      Cutting                Approach                 AADAC
                         Leegay Jagoe         Le-Ann Dolan                                                         Lynne Waring
                                                                     Dawn McBride          Lisa Desjardins &
                          Safeworks           AIDS Calgary                                                         Marliss Taylor
                                                                  Associates Counseling     Lorraine Acuna
                                                                         Services             Streetworks           Streetworks

  3:00 pm—3:15 pm                                                       Break
                                                                     Session #3
                                                                   Effectiveness of                                Rock Users
                                             Drugs & Drug
                                                                      Pegylated                                  Group (RUG):
                       Sexual Pursuit:     Use: Connecting         Interferon plus          Experience a
                        Not a Trivial        with Students                                Night Out in the       Case Study in
                                                                  Ribavirin in the                               Empowering
  3:15 pm—4:45 pm          Game            through Authen-        Treatment of Ac-         Safeworks Van
                                              tic Dialogue                                                        People who
                         Robert Smith                               tive & Past IV          Diane Ockley &
                                                                  Drug Users with
                                                                                                                  Smoke Rock
                        HIV Edmonton         George MacLeod             Hep C
                                                                                            Roger Graham            Cocaine
                        Jocelyn Crocker    Chinook’s Edge School    Lynda Watson              Safeworks             Arthur Bear
                                                 Division        University of Calgary                               VANDU

  4:45 pm—6:00 pm                                                       Break
            6:00 pm        “Happy Valentines Day”              Dinner & Entertainment (Desperate Jester Theatre)
                               CHEDULE                                                                           P AGE 9

                                                               W EDNESDAY , F EBRUARY 15
                         Poplar I            Poplar II            Poplar III         Cedar Room            Birch Room
  8:00 am—8:30 am                                                Registration
                                                                  Plenary Session
  8:30 am—9:30 am                                              Sex, Work, Rights
                           Presenter: Glenn Betteridge, Senior Policy Analyst for the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
                                                                  Session #4
                     Experience           Taking it to the      Crystal & the                             Weaving the Braid:
                       Matters!          Streets: Utilizing    Boys: Address-                             The Importance of
                       Gwen Smith         Mental Health        ing Stimulant                              the Past, Present &
                   Canadian National       Outreach in a       use in the Gay       Ask the Expert       Future when Work-
 9:30 am—11:00 am                                                                                        ing with Aboriginal
                  Coalition of Experien- Harm Reduction        Community in             Panel
                       tial Women              Model              Edmonton                                   Henry Laboucan &
                    Dawn Hodgins &           Janis Radtke        Robert Smith &                            Jo-Ann Woloshyniuk &
                      Lauren Casey        Calgary Health Re-    Melanie Hennig                                Deborah Jakubec
                        PEERS BC                 gion             HIV Network                                  HIV Edmobton

11:00 am—11:15 am                                                   Break
                                                                  Session #5

                                                         Methadone                 Drug Education
                                     Advocating for
                  Creating Options                      Maintenance                & Overdose Pre-
                                   Harm Reduction
                  Aimed at Reduc-                       Treatment—A                vention Project:
                                   in Canadian Pris-                                                       Weaving the
11:15 am—12:45 pm ing Sexual Ex-                       Community Ap-               A First for Can-
                                           ons                                                             Braid: Part II
                     ploitation                             proach                       ada
                                      Glenn Betteridge
                   JoAnn McCartney                       Richard Phillips            Lisa Desjardins &
                                    Canadian HIV/AIDS
                        PAAFE                          AADAC Opioid De-               Marliss Taylor
                                       Legal Network
                                                        pendency Program                Streetworks

12:45 pm—2:00 pm                                         Lunch & Closing Remarks
                                                              Plenary Session
 2:00 pm—3:00 pm         Experiences & Learning's from the Supervised Injection Site in Downtown Vancouver
                                       Presenter: Heather Hay, Vancouver Community Health Services

          H AVE                      A SAFE JOURNEY
                                       HOME !
P AGE 10

Harm Reduction 101:Jennifer Tyler, Lethbridge HIV Connection: In this presentation, Jennifer will provide an
introduction to Harm Reduction, discuss harm reduction strategies and give an overview of the continuum of pro-
grams and services which can be offered to minimize the risks associated with substance abuse and unsafe sex.

HIV & HCV Prevalence and Risk Behaviours among Non-injection, Drug Using, Crack-Cocaine
Smokers: Rob Morgan,Western Aboriginal Harm Reduction Society: This presentation will highlight a research
project conducted by the Rock User’s Group of VANDU in 2004. The research showed that there was a relatively
high prevalence of both HIV and HCV infection among crack smokers with no history of injection drug use. These
findings demand a call for action and have important implications for future prevention and harm reduction initiatives
for crack/cocaine smokers.

Developing a Peer Support Program in your Community: Christine Thomas, Life with Hepatitis Society of
Central Alberta: This is a presentation of the Hepatitis C Peer Support Toolkit that was developed in response to the
needs of the individuals, primarily the person supervising a peer support program, the person providing peer support,
and the person accessing peer support for Hepatitis C. An overview of the toolkit will be presented and the signifi-
cance of peer support in developing healthy social support networks to promote positive personal health practices and
coping skills.

Interventions to Improve the Health of the Homeless in Lethbridge: Danielle Tkachenko, Sexual Health
Centre Lethbridge & Diane Randell, City of Lethbridge: This presentation will discuss how the City of Lethbridge
and the Social Housing Action Committee (SHIA) has successfully implemented a Community Social Action Plan in
attempt to improve the health of the homeless. Danielle will focus on the Drop-In Resource Centre component of the
plan, as this centre is recognized nationally as a best practice initiative. Diane will explain how SHIA facilitated the
creation of this plan with emphasis on support systems, funding initiatives, key learning's, and other practices that
have emerged.

Injection Support Team: LeeWiebe,Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users: This presentation will discuss the
development of a peer driven intervention for individuals requiring assistance with injection.

The Experience of Starting a User Group: Leegay Jagoe, Safeworks: This presentation is a detailed description
of the unfolding of a new user group, based on the experiences of the user groups started in Calgary and Edmonton.
                           ESCRIPTIONS                                                                          P AGE 11

Harm Reduction: A Model of Human Rights: Le-Ann Dolan & Julie Kolenko, AIDS Calgary: The origins of
harm reduction include the recognition and respect of every persons human rights. This presentation will explore a
harm reduction continuum of human rights, including the fight to eliminate stigma associated with people who use
drugs to the integration of multiple communicable diseases in service delivery as a means of non-disclosure of HIV

Self Injury: Practical Treatment Strategies to Reduce Cutting: Dawn McBride, PhD, University of
Lethbridge Professor and Clinical Psychologist: This presentation will focus on a range of treatment methods to re-
duce the dependence on self-injury.

Uptown, Downtown: The Drug Handbook—A Harm Reduction Approach: Lisa Desjardins, Street-
works: This handbook was developed with the help of Streetworks’ “Natural Helpers,” a group of service users from a
variety of cultural backgrounds, age, and drug-use histories. The handbook itself explains drugs from a Harm Reduc-
tion perspective—utilizing medical/pharmacological knowledge, as well as “street knowledge.”

Drug Strategies: Pushing the Envelope: Jill Mitchell, AADAC & LynneWaring, Health Canada & Marliss Tay-
lor, Streetworks: This presentation will focus on how to push the envelope to ensure that policies, strategies, and ac-
tions truly make a difference. This panel will explore the linkages between national, provincial, municipal, and com-
munity drug actions strategies.

Sexual Pursuit: Not a Trivial Game: Robert Smith, HIV Edmonton & Jocelyn Crocker, Sexual Health Educa-
tor: This is an adult trivia game about sex, sexuality, and sexual health using humor and sex positive messages. The
objectives for “Sexual Pursuit” are to showcase agencies as being “sex positive,” increase participants’ knowledge and
comfort around sexual health and healthy sexuality, and using a Harm Reduction approach impact behaviour through
decision making and safer sex practices. The design of this tool focuses on the “entertainment value” alleviating poten-
tial barriers to receiving sexual health information such as topic sensitivity and safer sex messaging fatigue.

Drugs & Drug Use: Connecting with Students through Authentic Dialogue: George MacLeod, Chinook’s
Edge School Division: This presentation will show you how creating a safe environment and building a connection
with students through authentic dialogue about drugs and drug use can help reduce the harm and impact of substance
use in their lives.
P AGE 12

Effectiveness of Pegylated Interferon plus Ribavirin in the Treatment of Active & Past IV Drug Users
with Hepatitis: LyndaWatson, University of Calgary: This presentation will focus on the joys and the challenges of
the treatment of active drug users with Hepatitis C with pegalated interferon and ribavirin.

Experience a Night Out in the Safeworks Van: Diane Ockley & Roger Graham, Safeworks: This unique picto-
rial presentation will provide insight and information on the client population and services provided during a night of
outreach in the Safeworks van.

Rock Users Group (RUG): Case Study in Empowering People who Smoke Rock Cocaine: Arthur Bear,
Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users: This presentation is the sharing of the VANDU experiences of building a
peer-run group that educates on harm reduction and advocates for a safe inhalation room.

Experience Matters!: Gwen Smith, Canadian National Coalition of ExperientialWomen, Dawn Hodgins &
Lauren Casey, PEERS BC: The Canadian National Coalition of Experiential Women (CNCEW) is a consortium of
women committed to the advancement of equality and the human rights of sex workers. The CNCEW is committed
to the improvement of the living and working conditions of women in and from sex work. This presentation will talk
about the struggles and triumphs of forming such a coalition as well as show the research, policies, media plan and
future plans for this organization.

Taking it to the Streets: Utilizing Mental Health Outreach in a Harm Reduction Model: Janis Radtke,
Calgary Health Region: This presentation will highlight the tools and methods used to engage, support and encour-
age the vulnerable populations who are forgotten and overlooked on a regular basis.

Crystal & the Boys: Addressing Stimulant use in the Gay Community in Edmonton: Robert Smith &
Melanie Hennig, HIV Network of Edmonton: This presentation will focus on a literature review on crystal metham-
phetamine use among gay/bisexual/MSM and the preliminary results for crystal methamphetamine use among that
population in Edmonton and Region. The presentation will further outline some of the findings of an evaluation of the
Project Advisory Team and its collaborative process in this area.
                            ESCRIPTIONS                                                                           P AGE 13

Weaving the Braid: The Importance of the Past, Present, & Future when Working with Aboriginal
Communities: Henry Laboucan, Jo-AnnWoloshyniuk, Debra Jakubec, HIV Edmonton: To know where you are
going, you need to understand where you have been. Understanding the past, present and future of our Aboriginal
people is essential to effective working relationships and implementing harm reduction strategies that will reclaim
people to the circle. This workshop will utilize story telling, traditional teachings and practices to guide participants
on a journey through the past to understand the present and to look to the future.

Creating Options Aimed at Reducing Sexual Exploitation (C.O.A.R.S.E.): JoAnn McCartney, Prostitu-
tion Awareness & Action Foundation of Edmonton: C.O.A.R.S.E. is a unique Edmonton court diversion program
that uses an individualized case plan approach along with collaboration among community-based programs to provide
an opportunity for positive intervention for those who have been sexually exploited. The session will discuss how and
why C.O.A.R.S.E. works, and it can be adapted to other cities.

Advocating for Harm Reduction in Canadian Prisons: Glenn Betteridge: No information available

Methadone Maintenance Treatment—A Community Approach: Richard Phillips, AADAC Opioid Depend-
ency Program: This presentation will provide an overview of Methadone Maintenance Treatment and AADAC’s
Opioid Dependency Program particularly focusing on the importance of collaboration with other community service
providers and agencies.

Drug Education & Overdose Prevention Project: A First for Canada: Lisa Desjardins, Marliss Taylor: This
presentation will encompass the preparation and outcomes of the three phase program for drug education and over-
dose prevention happening at Streetworks in Edmonton.
P AGE 14

Jennifer Tyler BSW: Program Coordinator, Lethbridge HIV Connection: Jennifer Tyler graduated from the University of Calgary in
2004 with a degree in Social Work. She also holds a diploma in communication arts/advertising and public relations from the
Lethbridge Community College. In addition to coordinating client services, community development and harm reduction pro-
grams at the Lethbridge HIV Connection, she is the Chair of the Community and Professional Development Task Group of the
Alberta Non-Prescription Needle Use Consortium.

Rob Morgan: President, Western Aboriginal Harm Reduction Society: In 2001, Rob became active in the weekly Vancouver Area Net-
work of Drug Users (VANDU) meetings and monthly general meetings. In August of 2004, Rob ran for and was elected to the
VANDU board. Since then, Rob has been very active as a director, vice-president, or president with the following groups:
VANDU, Western Aboriginal Harm Reduction Society (WAHRS), Downtown Eastside Residential Association (DERA), and
the Community Health and Safety Evaluation (CHASE).

Christine Thomas: Executive Director, Life with Hepatitis Society of Central Alberta: Christine Thomas has been with the Life with
Hepatitis Society of Central Alberta since 2002, filling a variety of roles, including her present position of Executive Director.
Christine has been significantly affected by the Hepatitis C virus, and the passion of reducing the spread and negative effects of
the virus has increased since working the front lines of Life with Hepatitis Society, Red Deer Residential Society , and Safe Har-

Danielle Tkachenko, BScN, RN: : Danielle Tkachenko has her degree in Nursing and works as a Community Health Nurse in
various roles. Her involvement with Outreach Nursing Service began in May of 2002 in response to the City of Lethbridge and
the Chinook Health Region’s commitment and vision to address homelessness. Danielle holds the leadership role for Outreach
Nursing and provides service at the Sexual Health Centre office and at an off site clinic located at the adult shelter and Resource
Centre. She works with a team of five dedicated Registered Nurses.

Diane Randell: No bio available.

Lee Wiebe: Coordinator ISP, VANDU, Vancouver: As a long time user, Lee has seen the need to be involved in his community on a
peer level, trying to make the streets safer for all. Lee is an active member and director of VANDU. As a member and a user,
Lee helps with most of the support meetings at VANDU as a peer. As a member of the injection support team, Lee co-ordinates
all the supplies needed for the alley patrol and the IST. He is also a member of Keeping the Doors Open (KDO).

Leegay Jagoe, RN: Safeworks: Leegay Jagoe graduated from the University of Saskatchewan in 1994 with a Bachelor of Science in
Nursing. She started working in community health in Saskatchewan with the First Nation communities of Fishing Lake and Mus-
kowekwan, and then moved to the remote First Nation fishing village of Bella Bella, BC to help with their tuberculosis outbreak.
She has also done work in tuberculosis in central Saskatchewan. Her main passions have been that work with First Nations com-
munities and also her work in sexual and reproductive health as well as street health. Leegay has worked in these fields in Van-
couver, throughout Saskatchewan, and now in Calgary. She has been working as a nurse with Safeworks since October, 2004,
and has been working on the User Groups projects since September, 2005.

Le-Ann Dolan: Director, Community Strategies: Le-Ann Dolan has worked in the field of HIV/AIDS since 1997. She is a registered
social worker pursuing a Masters degree in International Social Work and is currently employed as the Director, Community
Strategies with AIDS Calgary Awareness Association and Safeworks. She Chairs the Calgary Coalition on HIV and AIDS steering
committee and Co-Chairs the Advocacy Committee for the Alberta Community Council on HIV. Le-Ann is the president of the
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network. Her work ranges from international development through partnership, twinning and tech-
nical assistance to front-line work with those vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. She is very interested in local, national, and international
aspects of HIV/AIDS work, in building individual and organizational, advocacy and service capacity among affected communi-
ties, and in developing effective partnerships.
                                             IOS                                                                             P AGE 15

Dawn McBridge, PhD: Professor, University of Lethbridge, Clinical Psychologist: Professor Dawn McBridge, who teaches at the Uni-
versity of Lethbridge in the Campus Alberta counselor education master level program, specializes in the assessment and treat-
ment of trauma including family violence and sexual abuse. She maintains a private practice and has a solid history of working
with clients who engage in self-injury and other forms of self-abuse including eating disorders. She has a particular interest in
multicultural counseling and the use of creative therapies to facilitate awareness and change. She has an active research agenda
and has presented at conferences/workshops around the world.

Lisa Desjardins, RN, BScN: : Lisa started working as a nurse for Streetworks Edmonton in May 2004. Since December of 2004,
she has been project facilitator for the Drug Education and Overdose Prevention Project. Her chief interests are in Public Health
with a focus of Harm Reduction and working with marginalized Populations.

Lorraine Acuna, RN, BScN: : Lorraine began her work as a nurse educator with Streetworks Edmonton in December 2004.
Community health is her area of passion with a focus on education of inner city populations. She is an ardent supporter of Harm
Reduction and strives for awareness within the Edmonton community.

Jill Mitchell: Drug Strategy Coordinator, Alberta Alcohol and Drug Abuse Commission: Jill is currently the Provincial Drug Strategy Co-
ordinator with AADAC and Alberta’s Health, Education, Enforcement in Partnership (HEP) Coordinator, a program of the Ca-
nadian Centre on Substance Abuse. Jill has been with AADAC for 15 years where he has worked in a variety of front-line and
provincial roles, including addiction counselor, supervisor of a community addiction services, problem gambling consultant, and
addictions program consultant. Most recently, she led province-wide stakeholder consultations to develop the Alberta Drug

Lynne Waring: No bio available

Marliss Taylor, RN, BScN: Streetworks: Marliss Taylor is the Program Manager of the Streetworks Program in Edmonton. She
received her Diploma in Nursing in 1982 and Degree in Nursing in 1992. After working for 11 years in adult and pediatric In-
tensive Care Units in Regina, Edmonton, and San Antonio, she moved to the high Arctic. There she received her certificate in
Advanced Practice Nursing and worked as a Nurse Practitioner in the communities of Kugluktuk and Nurse Manager in Gjoa
Haven, NU. She has done contract work in Siberia. In 1995, she returned to Edmonton as the Program Manager of the Street-
works program and has worked in Harm Reduction for the past 10 years.

Robert Smith: Research and Resource Development, HIV Network of Edmonton: Robert Smith has been working with HIV Edmonton
since September 1998. His present focus is Community Development, specifically Research and Resource Development. He has
attended and presented at several national, provincial, and local conferences, including four previous Alberta Harm Reduction
Conferences. He is a graduate of the Swift Efficient Application of research in Community Health (SEARCH IV) project spon-
sored by the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical research. Throughout his years at HIV Edmonton his work has focused
largely on gay/bisexual/MSM issues. He assisted in developing the Sex Positive Innovations (Working Group), authors of
“Sexual Pursuit: Not a Trivial Game” and MENInc (Working Group).

Jocelyn Crocker: No bio available
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George MacLeod: Substance Abuse Prevention Worker, Chinook’s Edge School Division: George MacLeod is the substance abuse worker
for the Chinook’s Edge School District in Red Deer. He is involved in working with district staff and principles in addressing the
issue of substance use by students. That has included putting on drug awareness workshops for both school staff and parents,
class presentations for students, working one on one with students involved in drug use, and developing and implementing a
school intervention response continuum of substance using students. George is previously from the Burnaby School District in
the Greater Vancouver Area where he spent 17 years and worked in various capacities, Substance Abuse Prevention Worker for
the Burnaby School District, Youth Services Worker in the Burnaby School District assisting district Staff and Principals in set-
ting up prevention and intervention programs to deal with such issues as intruders, violence, bullying behaviour, extortion, gang
involvement, drug use and sexual exploitation. George is the Director of a youth centre for street-involved kids in Vancouver,
and a street worker working with youth involved in drugs, prostitution, crime, violence, and gangs in the lower mainland.

Lynda Watson, RN, BSN: Research Nurse, University of Calgary: Lynda Watson, RN has been working with the Safeworks program
in Calgary for the past 10 years. She is also currently working as a research nurse with Drs. Macphail, Hilsden, and Lee at the
CUPS medical clinic in Calgary.

Diane Ockley, RN, BN: Public Health Nurse, Safeworks: Diane Ockley has worked in the harm reduction field for six years. She has
worked as a Public Health Nurse with the Calgary Health Region Safeworks program since 2000. Before harm reduction Diane
worked as a pediatric nurse. Diane completed her Graduate Nurse Diploma from the Foothills School of Nursing in 1992. She
completed her post diploma Bachelor of Nursing degree from the University of Calgary in 2000.

Roger Graham: Outreach Worker, Safeworks Calgary: Roger Graham has worked in the Harm Reduction field for 10 years. Roger
first worked for AIDS Calgary Awareness Association as a Support Worker from 1995 to 2000. Roger completed his Social
Work Diploma at Mount Royal College in 2002.

Arthur Bear: Facilitator, Vancouver Area Network of Drug Users: Arthur Bear has been working with the Vancouver Area Network
of Drug Users (VANDU) for four years and has been facilitating the Rock Users Group (RUG) group for three years. Arthur is
also a member of VANDU’s Alley Patrol team and a volunteer at the Health Contact Centre.

Gwen Smith: No bio available

Dawn Hodgins: Alberta Representative, National Coalition of Experiential Women: Dawn Hodgins is a Special Projects Coordinator
and Research Assistant at the Prostitution Awareness and Action Foundation of Edmonton. She is also the Alberta Representa-
tive for the Canadian Coalition of Experiential Women. In her role as a passionate public educator, Dawn has spoken at the Ca-
nadian Congress on Criminal Justice, 2005 Western Canadian Vice Conference, Sexual Assault Centre of Edmonton, Red Cross
Barrhead School District Cool Schools Program and over 150 other groups and organizations about the realities of and barriers
created by an involvement in street prostitution and drug addiction. Her passion is based on 12 years involvement in sex work
and a six year involvement in advocacy. She is also a part time college student and full time mom of two sons, a wife and the
help to three cats.

Lauren Casey, MA: Chair, National Coalition of Experiential Women: Lauren Casey is the former Executive Director of PEERS
(Prostitutes’ Empowerment, Education, & Resource Society). Lauren holds a Masters Degree in Criminology/Sociology special-
izing in women’s addiction and sex trade issues. Being a former sex worker herself (15 years in the industry), she has success-
fully exited the trade and now devotes much of her time in assisting and helping others. She is Chair of the Steer Committee for
the Canadian National Coalition of Experiential Women, a consortium of current and former sex workers committed to the
advancement of equality and human rights of sex workers, funded by Status of Women.
                                           IOS                                                                           P AGE 17

Janis Radtke, RN, BN: Mental Health Outreach Nurse, Calgary Health Region: Janis Radtke, RN, BN works as a Mental Health Out-
reach nurse with 8th and 8th Health Centre, Calgary Health Region (CHR) and the Street Outreach and Stabilization Program
(SOS Program) with Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA). Her role is clinical in nature, offering physical, mental and
psychosocial assessments, therapeutic interventions, referrals and advocacy on an outreach basis. She began her career as a criti-
cal care nurse in ICU and moved to the community where she discovered her passion for working with marginalized and disad-
vantaged populations. Her experience is drawn from front line work at street clinics and homeless shelters.

Melanie Hennig: Research and Resource Development, HIV Network of Edmonton: Melanie Hennig began working with HIV Edmonton
at the end of October 2005 to assist with the Crystal and the Boys project and other resource development tasks. She graduated
from the University of Alberta in the School of Native Studies in 2003. Since then her career has focused on community devel-
opment through contract research concerning Aboriginal issues and other marginalized groups. She spent sometime in Durban,
South Africa volunteering at a HIV/AIDS organization supporting people and their families who were inflicted with the disease.

Henry Laboucan: Elder: Henry Laboucan is a Cree elder from Laboucan Lake. He is the Northern Alberta Member of the Wis-
dom Panel for HIV Edmonton’s Human Rights and Stigma Project. Henry has been the in house Elder for the Aboriginal Dia-
betic Program at the Royal Alexandra Hospital, a Certified life skills coach, and cultural advisor for many conferences and

Jo-Ann Woloshyniuk: Program Manager, HIV Edmonton: Jo-Ann Woloshyniuk has worked at HIV Edmonton for over two years.
She has held the Aboriginal portfolio, Aboriginal community development position, and currently the program manager. Jo-Ann
has been involved with HIV for the last eight years. She has taught at Grant MacEwan College in the Aboriginal Mental Health
program and worked as a registered nurse for over 15 years.

Deborah Jakubec: Executive Director, HIV Edmonton: No bio available

JoAnn McCartney, MA, CCC: Court Diversion Coordinator, Prostitution Awareness Action Foundation of Edmonton: JoAnn McCartney is
a retired Edmonton Police Service Vice Detective who has been involved in prostitution investigation and intervention for 17
years. Since she retired in 2002, she has obtained a Masters Degree in Counseling Psychology. She coordinates a court diversion
program, Creating Options Aimed at Reducing Sexual Exploration (COARSE), which assists sexually exploited women to exit
prostitution. She also facilitates several psycho educational groups for women designed to assist them in relation to hope, inti-
mate partner violence and empowerment. As her final project for her masters degree, JoAnn wrote Exiting: A Practitioners
Guide to Healing Sexual Exploitation, under the supervision of Dr. Dawn McBride, now of the University of Lethbridge. Her
perspective involves not only the academic study of the issue, but first hand knowledge gained both form working undercover as
a prostitute and from the personal stories of the many sexually exploited women she has known as a police officer, coach, and

Richard Phillips: : Richard Phillips is a counselor with the AADAC Opioid Dependency Program in Calgary. After many years
working in music and book publishing, he decided on a career change and obtained Social Work qualifications at the University
of Huddersfield, West Yorkshire in his native England. Post Qualifying, Richard worked as a Probation Officer and, during his
time in this post, developed an interest in addictions counseling. He designed and implemented a number of court mandated
group work programs for clients with drug related offences. Richard subsequently joined the Bridge Project, a not-for-profit
street drugs agency in Bradford, England as an Addictions Counselor. Bridge’s main client group was intravenous heroin users
and whilst with the project, he gained an English Nursing Board qualification in Harm Reduction Interventions with Intravenous
Drug Users. He was also involved with the piloting of a methadone maintenance program for adolescent opioid users. Having
emigrated to Canada in April 2002, Richard was initially employed by AADAC at its Youth Services division in Calgary before
he took his current position when the Opioid Dependency Program opened in September 2003.
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           ROVINCIAL             P LANNING C OMMITTEE
             M ELODY P ARKER
                                                                         HIV N ORTH S OCIETY
             M ARLISS T AYLOR
                                                         S TREETWORKS /B OYLE S TREET C O - OP
             L INDSAY Y OUNG
                                             C ENTRAL A LBERTA AIDS N ETWORK S OCIETY
             D EVI H ERMAN
             D IANE N IELSEN
                                                                                     S AFEWORKS
             B ETTY C HRISTIE
                                       HIV/AIDS N ETWORK         OF   S OUTH E ASTERN A LBERTA
             A MANDA R OBERTS
                                                        P UBLIC H EALTH A GENCY     OF   C ANADA
                                                             L ETHBRIDGE HIV C ONNECTION
             A MANDA J ENSEN
                                                                                  I N A NY E VENT

                                                                   TRAC Y OUTH O UTREACH
                                                         CHR O UTREACH N URSING S ERVICES
             C HRISTOPHER R OSE
                                            U NIVERSITY    OF   L ETHBRIDGE H EALTH S CIENCES
             D EVI H ERMAN
             L INDA F EHR
                                     U NIVERSITY   OF   C ALGARY F ACULTY    OF   S OCIAL W ORK
             S HAUNA C OHEN     & J ENN S IMONS
                                                                               W OODS H OMES
                                                             L ETHBRIDGE HIV C ONNECTION
             A MANDA J ENSEN
                                                                                  I N A NY E VENT
  ONTRIBUTORS                          P AGE 21



                                T HE
                             K NOWLEDGE
                               D OMAIN


                ~~W ALT W HITMAN ~~

               REATING A   P LACE   OF   B ELONGING

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