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									The Wheels on the School Bus Go Round and Round

Supporting strong communities ALBERTA REGULATION 121/2009 Traffic Safety Act COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SAFETY REGULATION

ALBERTA REGULATION 121/2009 Traffic Safety Act COMMERCIAL VEHICLE SAFETY REGULATION

“school board” means

(i) a board as defined in section 1(1)(b) of the School Act, or (ii) a person or organization that operates a private school as defined in section 1(1)(s) of the School Act; “school bus” means a bus that meets the requirements of a Type A1, A2, B, C or D school bus described in CSA Standard D250-2007 and that is used primarily to transport students to and from a school;

School Bus Operation Requirements Compliance with standards 18 Unless otherwise provided in this Regulation, a person shall not operate or permit a person to operate a school bus on a highway unless the bus complies with the standards prescribed in (a) the Act, (b) Schedule 5, and (c) any other applicable regulations under the Act. Limitation on use of school bus 19(1) Subject to subsection (3), section 52 of the School Act and the Student Transportation Regulation (AR 250/98), a school board shall use only a school bus to transport students to or from a school. (2) In addition to subsection (1), a school board may use a school bus to (a) transport students, and other persons authorized in writing by the school board, to or from extracurricular activities of the school if (i) the trip has been authorized in writing by the school principal, and (ii) the driver of the school bus has in the driver’s possession on the bus documents evidencing the approval referred to in subclause (i), (b) transport an employee of the school board who, in the course of the carrying out of the employee’s duties, must travel on the school bus to accompany a student, if the transporting of that employee is approved by the school board, and (c) transport a preschool child who accompanies the child’s parent or guardian while the parent or guardian is driving or being transported in the school bus if,

(i)

(3) (4)

(5) (6) (7)

before the preschool child is so transported, the school board has given its written approval setting out the times and conditions, if any, under which the preschool child may be transported, (ii) the child is secured in a child restraint system that meets the requirements of the Vehicle Equipment Regulation, and (iii) the child does not occupy a seat required by a student who is transported on the bus. Despite subsection (2), a school board may use a multi-functional activity bus to transport a student for a trip other than that between the school and the residence of the student. In subsection (3), “multi-functional activity bus” means a bus that meets the requirements of a school bus under this Regulation except for the following requirements: (a) alternating flashing warning lamps in accordance with section 17 of Schedule 5; (b) a stop arm in accordance with section 27 of Schedule 5; (c) a crossing arm in accordance with section 28 of Schedule 5; (d) a school bus sign in accordance with section 15 of Schedule 5; (e) the colour requirements for a school bus in accordance with sections 2 and 8 of Schedule 5. Where a school bus becomes temporarily disabled, another school bus may be temporarily substituted for it. The certificate of registration and the licence plates for the disabled school bus must be carried in the cab of the substitute school bus at all times during which the substitute school bus is being used in that capacity. If the substitution referred to in subsection (5) is required for a period in excess of 7 days, the registered owner of the disabled school bus shall notify the Registrar of the substitution, and the Registrar may issue a permit for the substitute school bus for the period required.

Alteration of school bus
22(1) No person shall change, reconstruct or modify the body or seating capacity of a school bus without the written approval of the Registrar. (2) The Registrar may include any terms and conditions the Registrar considers appropriate in an approval granted under subsection (1).

• • • • • • • •

• •
•

When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, no person shall convey in or on the school bus (a) animals, (b) firearms, (c) explosives, (d) combustible materials or substances, or (e) anything (i) of a dangerous or objectionable nature, or (ii) that might endanger the lives or safety of persons in the bus. (3) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply if (a) the animal is a guide dog accompanying a person with a physical disability, and (b) while the bus is in motion, the guide dog sits or lies on the floor under or in front of a passenger’s seat without blocking or otherwise obstructing the aisle of the bus.

Embarking and disembarking students 26(1) The driver of a school bus shall not embark or disembark students onto or from a school bus unless (a) it is at a time and a place that is safe to do so, and (b) where applicable, it is in compliance with section 43 of the Use of Highway and Rules of the Road Regulation (AR 304/2002). (2) When the driver of a school bus disembarks a student from the school bus, the driver shall not move the school bus after the disembarking until the student is observed by the driver to have reached a place that is safe from the traffic.

that is safe from the traffic. Application of crossing arm outside of urban area 27 Where a student must cross a highway outside of an urban area before embarking onto or after disembarking from a school bus, the driver of the school bus shall, as far as practicable, direct the student to cross the highway in front of the crossing arm of the school bus with the crossing arm in its open position. Application of crossing arm inside urban area 28(1) Subject to subsection (2), where a student must cross a highway inside an urban area before embarking onto or after disembarking from a school bus, the driver of the school bus shall, as far as practicable, direct the student to cross the highway in front of the crossing arm of the school bus with the crossing arm in its open position or at a crosswalk. (2) Where a student must cross a highway inside an urban area before embarking onto or after disembarking from a school bus, the driver of the school bus shall, as far as practicable, direct the student to cross the highway at a crosswalk if the council of the urban area has enacted a bylaw that prohibits the school bus from using (a) a crossing arm, (b) a stop arm, or (c) alternating flashing warning lamps.

Air Brake system
Many buses now, have “airbrakes”. So you have to pass this if you are going to drive a bus with an air brake system.

2009 OOSC Changes – Part 2
Drum (Cam-Type and Wedge) Air Brakes • (a) Missing or broken brake shoe, lining, return spring, anchor pin, spider, cam roller, camshaft, pushrod, yoke, clevis pin, brake adjuster, parking brake power spring, or air chamber mounting bolt • (b) Loose air chamber, spider, or camshaft support bracket.
•
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AMEND Item I – (2)

2009 OOSC Changes
• Item I (2)– continued
– (c) Defective lining conditions.
– i. Lining cracks or voids that exceed 1/16 inch (1.6mm) in width observable on the edge of the lining. – ii. Portion of a lining segment missing such that a fastening device (rivet or bolt) is exposed when viewing the lining from the edge. – iii. Crack that exceeds 1-1/2 inch (38mm) in length.

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2009 OOSC Changes
• Item I (2) – continued
– iv. Loose lining segment. (Approximately 1/16 inch (1.6mm) or more movement.) – v. Complete lining segment missing. – vi. The friction surface of the brake drum and the brake friction material are contaminated by oil, grease, or brake fluid. – NOTE: Also see Wheel, Rims and Hubs 12.i.(3) if wheel seal is actively leaking.

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2009 OOSC Changes
• Item I (2)– continued
– vii. Lining thickness less than 1/4 inch (6mm) or to wear indicator if lining is so marked, measured at the shoe center.

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2009 OOS Changes
• Item I (3) – Change

• Air Disc Brakes (Exposed Pushrods and Direct Coupled – Air Chamber to Caliper)
– (a) Missing or broken caliper, brake pad, pad retaining component, pushrod, yoke, clevis pin, brake adjuster, parking brake power spring, or air chamber mounting bolt. – (b) Loose or missing brake chamber or caliper mounting bolt. – (c) Rotor has evidence of metal to metal contact over the rotor friction surface on either side.
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2009 OOS Changes
• Item I (3) – continued

– (d) Rotor has severe rusting on the rotor friction surface on either side (light rusting on the friction surface is normal). – (e) The friction surface of the brake rotor and the brake friction material are contaminated by oil or grease. – NOTE: Also see Wheel, Rims and Hubs 12.i.(3) if wheel seal is actively leaking. – (f) Brake pad thickness less than 1/16 inch (1.6mm) or to wear indicator if pad is so marked.

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2009 OOS Changes
• ADD Item I (5) - All brake measurements shall be made in 1/8 inch (3mm) increments. • ADD Item 1 (5)(b) - A brake found at 1/8 inch (3mm) beyond the brake adjustment limit shall be considered .5 (1/2) a defective brake for determining the number of defective brakes per the 20 percent defective brake criterion. (Example: Type 30 clamp type brake chamber pushrods measure – Two (2) at 2-1/8 inches (54mm) equal 1 defective brake).

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2009 OOS Changes
• Item I (5)(b) – continued
• NOTE: When the vehicle, or combination of vehicles, is placed out-of-service for 20 percent brake violations, all brakes found beyond the brake adjustment limit must be repaired.

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2009 OOS Changes
Item I – Reference Charts AMEND LONG STROKE CLAMP TYPE BRAKE CHAMBER DATA TYPE OUTSIDE DIAMETER BRAKE ADJUST LIMIT 12 5-11/16 (145mm) 1-3/4 (45mm) 16 6-3/8 (162mm) 2 (51mm) 20 (2- 1/2” rated stroke) 6-25/32 (172mm) 2 (51mm) 20 (3” rated stroke) 6-25/32 (172mm) 2-1/2 (64mm) 24 (2- 1/2” rated stroke) 7-7/32 (184mm) 2 (51mm) 24 (3” rated stroke) 7-7/32 (184mm) 2-1/2 (64mm) 30 8-3/32 (206mm) 2-1/2 (64mm)

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2009 OOS Changes
• ADD Item I – (6) Hydraulic and Electric Brakes
– (a) Missing or broken caliper, brake pad, shoe, or lining. – (b) Movement of the caliper within the anchor plate, in the direction of wheel rotation, exceeds 1/8 inches (3mm). – (c) Rotor has evidence of metal to metal contact over the rotor friction surface on either side. – (d) Rotor has severe rusting on the rotor friction surface on either side (light rusting on the friction surface is normal).
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Hot Topics
Defensive driving techniques Knowing the equipment you are operating Your responsibility as a School Bus Driver Pre-trip inspection On-Road Driving Rail Road precautions and Rules

Defensive driving techniques

Be prepared to drive. Get plenty of rest prior to driving a school bus. Only take medications that do not impair driving. Expect the unexpected Other drivers not paying attention. Using a cell-phone or reading something Use your lights to let others know your intentions Four-way hazard lights at rail crossings and other emergency needs. Eight-way warning lights when loading and unloading only. Roof mounted strobe light working. Headlights should be on for safety.

Principles of Defensive Driving
Staying alert to changes but looking well ahead.

Scan the area ahead at least one block. Periodically scan to the sides. Always look both directions at intersections, crosswalks, pedestrian crossings etc. Check your mirrors as often as safety permits and always before changing lanes.

Principles of Defensive Driving
Observing the Situation
Know where you are in relation to other vehicles Know where you are in relation to the situation Identify an escape route in the event of an emergency

Principles of Defensive Driving
Recognizing Potential Hazards
Inattentive drivers A Construction zone An Aggressive driver passing vehicles unsafely A sharp turn A child on a bicycle Motorcycles Pedestrians

Principles of Defensive Driving
Deciding on an Appropriate response
Watch for brake lights Following distance An erratic driver

All of these observations will dictate a certain response. Be prepared to respond accordingly

Principles of Defensive Driving
Carrying out your plan
Once you have decided on your response you need to carry it out. Maybe slowing down or increasing your following distance. Be prepared to act on the rest of your plan if the situation calls for it

Factors Impacting Defensive Driving
Light Level or Time of Day
Sunrise and Sunset
The glare could restrict your ability to see on coming traffic

Weather
Heavy rain, fog or snow all have an effect on the road surface
Slow your speed and adjust to the situation

Driver Condition
As a School Bus Driver you must be both mentally and physically prepared to drive safely and defensively

Knowing the equipment you are going to operate!
What is the length of the bus?
Axle to Axle and Bumper to Bumper

What is the distance from the rear axle to the rear bumper?
There can be as much as 8 foot difference depending on the bus you are using

How much does the rear axle track inside when making a turn?
This will differ depending on the length between axles.

Knowing the equipment you are going to operate!
What is tail swing?
Tail swing happens when the bus is in a turn. On a right hand turn the left rear side of the bus swings out to the left as much as three feet. In a left hand turn the rear swings out to the right as much as three feet as well. The longer the distance between the rear axle and the rear bumper, the more TAIL SWING the bus will have.

Most Common Factors Cited In Fatal Crashes

Driving too fast Running off the road Failure to yield the right of way

Professional Drivers: Please help us… Share the Road Safely !
BE AWARE OF YOUR “NO-ZONE”
Other drivers may not be aware of the size of your blind spots. One-third of all crashes between large trucks and cars take place in the No-Zone areas around a truck. Adjust your mirrors and be vigilant in watching out for other vehicles

Professional Drivers: Please help us…. PLEASE FASTEN YOUR SEAT BELT Share the Road Safely !
Buckle up for safety and vehicle control.
If you are in a crash, a seat belt will save your life and that of others. It will keep you in your seat and allow for you to maintain control of your truck. Increasing seat belt use is still the single most effective thing we can do to save lives and reduce injures on our roadways.

Your responsibility as a School Bus Driver
What makes up a good pre-trip? Driver attitude! Remember you should be mentally and physically prepared to drive the School Bus The driver sets the stage for how things will happen on a School Bus and for the rest of the day for the students. Safety starts with the driver. Don’t drag along all the problems you will have to deal with day to day. Leave it at home and prepare yourself for your route. This is where the PRE-TRIP should start.

Alberta Transportation SAFETY ADMINISTRATION
Before starting out, the driver must be satisfied that the motor vehicle is in safe operating condition. If the last vehicle inspection report notes any deficiencies, the driver should review and sign, noting that necessary repairs have been completed.

Pre-trip inspections
Pre-trip Inspection A pre-trip inspection will help you find problems that could cause a crash or breakdown. Safety is the most important reason you inspect your vehicle. Safety for yourself and for other road users. A vehicle defect found during an inspection could save you problems later. You could have a breakdown on the road that will cost time and dollars, or even worse, a crash caused by the defect. Provincial laws require that drivers inspect their vehicles prior to each trip.

Federal and Provincial inspectors also may inspect your vehicles. If they judge the vehicle to be unsafe, they will put it "out of service" until it is fixed.

A school bus operator or driver will be required to conduct a daily trip inspection on the school bus and complete a written report. A passenger who needs the assistance of a guide dog will be allowed to have the dog accompany him/her on a school bus. A new schedule pertaining to school bus maintenance standards has been developed based primarily on Canadian Standards Association (CSA) D250-2007. A school bus that met the CSA standard when manufactured will not have to be retrofitted, with the exception of a crossing arm. A school bus manufactured on or after February 1, 2000 must meet the crossing arm requirement. In a rural area, a school bus driver must direct a student to cross the highway in front of the school bus arm, with the crossing arm in its open position. School Buses Effective September 1, 2010, all school buses must have four amber and four red flashing light systems, a white flashing strobe light, and reflective markings.

Alberta Transportation

Drivers are required to prepare a daily written pre trip inspection report at the start of each driving day.

Leaving school bus
30 When a school bus is used for a purpose under section 19, the driver of the school bus shall not leave the school bus unless (a) the engine and ignition are turned off, (b) the ignition key is removed, and (c) the parking brake is set.

Just Because I’m Tried, Don’t You Get Fired!
(Be sure to check all seats and floor spaces for children left on or sleeping!)

HEADLIGHTS,SIGNALS & CLEARANCE LIGHTS WINDSHIELD WIPERS 8-WAY LOADING/UNLOADING LIGHTS FRONT SUSPENSION WHEEL,TIRE AND BRAKE CAB OR DRIVER AREA
ENGINE AREA

FRONT

FRONT SUSPENSION WHEEL,TIRE AND BRAKE SERVICE DOOR FUEL TANK AND CAP

BELOW BUS SIDE EMERGENCY DOOR EMERGENCY ESCAPE WINDOWS

BELOW BUS EMERGENCY ESCAPE WINDOWS

REAR SUSPENSION,WHEEL,TIRE AND BRAKE

REAR SUSPENSION,WHEEL,TIRE AND BRAKE

SIGNAL,BRAKE & CLEARANCE LIGHTS 8-WAY LOADING/UNLOADING LIGHTS REAR EMERGENCY DOOR

REAR

Pre-Trip Inspection
APPROACH No damage and no leaning.
IE: From flat tire, broken spring or shock absorber. Look to both sides of the bus for downed power lines, tree limbs, people or other objects in or around the bus. Look under the bus for leaks or other objects as listed above.
Examples of leaks may be water pump, power steering pump, oil filters or fuel tank.

Pre-Trip Inspection
FRONT OF BUS Check the condition and operation of all lights and lenses.
Name all
Headlights,(high and low beam) Turn signals 4-way Hazard Reflectors

Windshield for damage Wipers for condition and security Vehicle inspection for valid date Mirrors are secure not broken Child crossing gate for security and operation Bumper secure

Pre-Trip Inspection
LEFT SIDE OF THE BUS Clearance light and reflectors not broken and working properly Windows ( NO PLEXIGLASS)
Not broken or cracked Fuse box
No bare or frayed wiring Three spare fuses

Coolant reservoir lid is secure and not leaking Stop sign secure, no bare wires and in good working condition

Pre-Trip Inspection
Left Front Wheel Well Steering wheel shaft secure Steering Gear Box not leaking and securely mounted Power Steering Hoses not leaking Drag link securely mounted
Cotter pin in place and secure at the front and rear of the Drag Link

STEERING ARMS

STEERING WHEEL STEERING WHEEL SHAFT

FRAME

TIE ROD

STEERING GEAR BOX

DRAG LINK

STEERING RING KNUCKLE

PITMAN ARM

Suspension Spring Mounts

Pre-Trip Inspection
Secure, not broken
To the front and rear of the axle

Spring leafs
Secure not broken, bent or cracked

Shock Absorber
Secure not leaking

Axle is in alignment with the opposite side

PARTS TO AN AIR-BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE CHAMBER PUSH ROD SLACK ADHUSTER BRAKE SHOE

BRAKE CAM CAM ROLLER AXLE BRAKE SHOE

BRAKE DRUM RETURN SPRING

Pre-Trip Inspection
Brakes Air line is secure not leaking Brake Chambers are secure not leaking Slack Adjuster is secure and properly adjusted.
To Check Adjustment Park on level surface, CHOCK the rear tires, release the park brake. You should not have more than one inch of play.

Brake drum
Not cracked or welded

Brake Pads
No obstructions and have at least ¼ inch of wear remaining.

Pre-Trip Inspection
Front Tires Condition
No cuts or abrasions No mix matched sizes or radials and bias tires No recuts, regrooved, recapped or retread on the front axle Tread depth is no less than 4/32nd inch Air pressure
At manufactures spec. or standard for your district Valve stem secure and has a cap on it

Pre-Trip Inspection
Wheels and Rims No cracks or welds Lug nuts are secure to the touch
Rust could indicate a loose nut

Hub seal not leaking and nuts are secure Mud flap
If installed it must be secure

Pre-Trip Inspection
Battery Box

Connections are tight to the touch No corrosion on cables or battery surface Battery secure to the battery tray Battery tray is secure to the box and security clip is in place

Pre-Trip Inspection
Under the Bus Drive shaft is secure and not rubbing anything. (safety strap in place and secure) Exhaust is secure not leaking Chassis to Frame mounts are secure no missing hardware Scan for leaks

Pre-Trip Inspection
Rear Wheel Well Suspension Spring mounts are secure, not broken or missing any hardware Spring leafs are secure, not broken or cracked Torque Bar is secure, not bent, broken or cracked and is secure. Shock Absorber is secure, not leaking Axle is in alignment with the opposite side

Pre-Trip Inspection
Two Air lines

Rear Brakes

Secure and not leaking

Brake Chambers
Secure not leaking

Slack adjuster
Secure and adjusted properly
To adjust: Park on level surface, chock tires, release park brake. No more than one inch of play.

Brake Drum
No cracks or welds

Brake Pads
At least ¼ inch wear left on them

2009 OOS Changes
• Part II – North American Standard Vehicle Out-of-Service Criteria
– * Amend Part II, Item 10. Tires

Stone ejectors and wear indicators
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2009 OOS Changes
• Part II – North American Standard Vehicle Out-of-Service Criteria
– * Amend Part II, Item 10. Tires

Stone ejectors and wear indicators

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Pre-Trip Inspection
Rear Tire Condition
No cuts or abrasions No mix matched sizes or mixed bias and radial Recaps, recuts, regrooved are allowed on the rear.
At least 2/32nd inch wear remaining Air pressure
At manufactures spec. or standard for your district Valve stem secure and has a cap on it

Pre-Trip Inspection
Wheels and Rims
No cracks or welds Lug Nuts are secure to the touch
Rust around the lug could indicate a loose nut

Hub or Axle seal is not leaking and nuts are secure Wheel Spacers (if equipped are evenly centered and not bent or rusted through.) Space between tires is not obstructed and clear of foreign objects.Tires not rubbing.

Pre-Trip Inspection
Check the condition and operation of all lights and lenses. Name all lights Clearance lights Reverse lights work properly 8-way warning lights Turn Signals Tail lights 4-way hazards Brake lights Reflectors On top of the Bus, Strobe light is secure and working Emergency exit door is secure operates properly from the outside, Buzzer sounds when the door is open Bumper is secure no missing hardware Nothing in the tail pipe. (should extend not more than two inches past the bus body)

BACK OF THE BUS

Pre-Trip Inspection
Right side All lights are secure and work properly Windows not broken or cracked Right wheel well assembly is the same as the Left Rear Wheel Well Assembly.
Be prepared to explain each step if ask by the examiner

Fuel Tank
Not leaking Cap is secure not leaking Tank guard is secure

Service door is secure no broken or cracked glass

Pre-Trip Inspection
Engine compartment
All belts are secure no more than ¾ inch play at the longest extension All Hoses are secure not leaking Oil level is between add and full Coolant level is between add and full Power Steering pump is secure not leaking and service properly. Alternator is secure no bare wires Radiator is secured not leaking and has fluid in the sight gauge

Pre-Trip Inspection
Engine compartment Water Pump is secure not leaking Cooling Fan secure not cracked or broken Transmission fluid level is between add and full Air compressor is secure, Governor secure not leaking (if equipped) (brake fluid level if equipped with hydraulic brakes) No bare wires Windshield washer fluid serviceable

Pre-Trip Inspection
Inside the Bus Stair well is clear of obstruction Hand rail is securely mounted Stair well light is secure working and the lens is not broken Walk to the back of the Bus checking that each seat is secure and not missing any hardware Fire extinguisher secure and properly serviced. ( one in the rear and one in the front) Emergency exit doors secure and buzzers sound when the door is opened. Not Obstructed!

Pre-Trip Inspection
Inside the Bus All emergency exit windows are secure and function properly. (buzzer sounds when opened) Roof mounted Emergency exits are secure and work properly (buzzer sounds when opened) Activity lights work and are not broken You have Three RedTriangles

Pre-Trip Inspection
Drivers seat area Fire Extinguisher secure and properly serviced
Seat is secure Seat belt installed properly and is serviceable Overhead bulkhead (anything mounted) First aide kit secure Body Fluid kit secure (Sept. 2004 or later) Fans secure (if equipped) Camera box secure (if equipped) Radio secure (if equipped) Mirror secure and clear Sun Visor is secure

Pre-Trip Inspection
Brakes If equipped with hydraulic brakes
Pump the brake pedal three times and hold it down for five seconds. The pedal should not move. To test the Mechanical/Manual Park Brake Put the transmission in gear, release your park brake, let the bus roll fwd and reset park brake. The bus should stop rolling

Qualifying For CVSA Decals
• Critical Vehicle Inspection Items
– – – – – – –
– – – – – – – –

brake system; coupling devices; exhaust system; frame; fuel system; turn signals; brake lamps; tail lamps; head lamps; turn signals; lamps/flag on projecting loads; safe loading; steering mechanism; suspension; tires; van and open-top trailer bodies; wheels and rims; windshield wipers; emergency exits for buses.

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Qualifying For CVSA Decals • Application of CVSA Decals (Color)
– The quarter in which an inspection is performed is indicated by the color of the decal issued. February, March January, Green April, May, June Yellow July, August, September Orange October, November, December White
1-24-3
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Qualifying For CVSA Decals
• Application of CVSA Decals (Corners)
– CVSA decals affixed on the first month of a new calendar quarter must have both upper corners removed. – Those issued during the second month of the same quarter must have the upper right corner removed. – No corners are removed from those CVSA decals issued during the last month of a calendar quarter.

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Qualifying For CVSA Decals
• Application of CVSA Decals (Corners)

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Pre-Trip Inspection
If equipped with Air Brakes the following test must be performed

7 Step : Air Brake System Test

1.Test Air Leakage Rate.
With a fully charged air system (typically125 psi), turn off the engine. Cover the Service Brake and release the Park Brake, and time the air pressure drop. The loss rate should be less than two psi in one minute for single vehicles. Then apply 90 psi or more with the brake pedal. After the initial pressure drop, if the air pressure falls more than three psi in one minute for single vehicles, the air loss rate is too much. Check for air leaks and fix before driving the vehicle. Otherwise, you could lose your brakes while driving.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test

2. Test Low Pressure Warning Signal.
With the engine off and you have enough air pressure so that the low pressure warning signal is not on. Turn the electrical power on and step on and off the brake pedal to reduce air tank pressure. The low air pressure warning signal (audible and light) must come on before the pressure drops to less than 60 psi in the air tank (or tank with the lowest air pressure, in dual air systems.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test 3. Check That the Spring Brake Comes on Automatically. Step on and off the brake pedal to reduce the air tank pressure. The "parking brake" knob should pop out when the air pressure falls to the manufacturer’s specification (usually in a range between 40-20 psi). This causes the spring brakes to come on.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test 4. Check Rate of Air Pressure Buildup.
When the engine is at operating rpm, the pressure should build from 85 to 100 psi within 45 seconds in dual air systems. (If the vehicle has larger than minimum air tanks, the buildup time can be longer and still be safe. Check the manufacturer’s specifications.) In single air systems (pre-1975), typical requirements are pressure buildup from 50 to 90 psi within three minutes with the engine at an idle speed of 600-900 rpm.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test
5. Check Air Compressor Governor Cut-in and Cut-out Pressures.
Compressor should engage by 100 psi and should disengage by 125 psi.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test 6. Test Parking Brake.
With the park brake set. Put the vehicle in gear and attempt to move the bus by gently applying pressure to the throttle pedal. The vehicle should not move.

7 Step : Air Brake System Test 7. Test Service Brakes.
Wait for normal air pressure, release the parking brake, move the vehicle forward slowly (about five mph), and apply the brakes firmly using the brake pedal. Note any vehicle "pulling" to one side, unusual feel, or delayed stopping action.

Air Brake System Test
• Please note that the first three steps of this test are required (in the correct order) knowledge to pass the skills test.

SKILLS TEST
Forward Stop Straight Line Backing Alley Dock Right Turn Backward Serpentine Parallel Parking; Driver and Conventional Sides (not required in Arkansas
but is good to practice)

Forward Stop

Pull forward to the stop line, leaving the front bumper between the two white lines.

Straight Line Backing

Back out without encroaching on the cones to the left and right of the bus.

Alley Dock
From a forty-five degree angle to the left of the bus. Back in leaving the rear bumper between the two white lines at the back of the dock area.

Right Turn
Approach an intersection and make a right hand turn without stopping and without striking a cone.

Backward Serpentine
Starting with the Bus left rear bumper even with the first cone. Back through the cones without striking any of them. Ending with the Bus front bumper even with and to the right of the last cone.

On-Road Driving
How You Are Tested
Turns
Use turn signals to warn others of your turn.

Intersections
Is the driver looking both directions? Did the driver make a full stop before the stop line or sign?
( allowed to move forward after the stop to see clearly)

Lane Usage
Does the driver use the correct lane?

Stop and Start movements, Speed, Curves and Signs.

Rail Road Related Facts
64% of all collisions occur in daylight hours. Nearly half of all highway-rail crashes occur when the train is traveling under 30 mph. Three of four collisions occur within 25 miles of the drivers home.

Special Procedures Police Officer or Flagman at the Crossing

No person shall cross a rail grade crossing when the lights are flashing except when A police officer directs it is safe to do so. A rail road representative directs it is safe to so.

Rail Road precautions and Rules
The approach to a track. Stopping at a Rail Road Track. Crossing the track. What should I do if I am stuck on a track?

LOOK LISTEN AND LIVE

Rail Road Rules

The approach to a track!

Activate the four-way hazard lights approximately 200 feet before the crossing. Scan your surroundings and check for traffic behind you. Make sure your intentions are known. Choose an escape route in the event of a brake failure or problems behind you.

Slow down, shift to a low gear (if manual transmission) and test your brakes.

Rail Road Rules
Turn off the AM-FM radio and noisy equipment, and silence the passengers. Open the service door and driver’s window. Look and listen for an approaching train.. Check the crossing signal again before proceeding. At a multiple-track crossing, stop ONLY before the first set of tracks. When you are sure no train is approaching on any track, proceed across all of the tracks until you have completely cleared them. Do not change gears while crossing.

•All school buses must make a full stop at all rail road crossings and be sure it is clear to cross the tracks.

Rail Road Rules
Stopping at a Rail Road Track. Stop no closer than 15 feet and no farther than 50 feet from the nearest rail, where you have the best view of the tracks. Look beyond the tracks to see if there is traffic congestion, a signal or STOP sign. Is the containment area large enough to allow the bus to completely clear the crossing when stopped? Are you absolutely sure? Be familiar with your bus. Know how long it is.

Rail Road Rules
Crossing the track.
If you have more than one track, stop only at the first track. Never stop on a track or between two tracks. Continue monitoring the tracks and other traffic as you cross.

Containment Areas
If it won't fit, don't commit! Know the length of your bus and the size of the containment area at highway-rail intersections on the bus route. When approaching a crossing with a signal or STOP sign on the opposite side, pay attention to the amount of room there. Be certain the bus has enough containment area to clear the railroad tracks completely on the other side, in case there is a need to stop.

MAKE IT A FULL STOP!

REMIND THE STUDENTS IT IS FOR THEIR SAFETY!

IF YOU NEED TO PULL UP TO SEE, DO IT AFTER YOU MAKE A FULL STOP!

LOOK LEFT, LOOK RIGHT AND THEN LOOK LEFT AGAIN

ONCE CLEAR AND YOU COMMIT TO GO, DON’T STOP!

Ok Time to Go Pick up those Students and Smile Safety doesnt have to hurt


								
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