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					                                          FISH CORK

Fish cork is a kind of wild fish that live in freshwater. This fish is known by many names in
various regions: Aruan, haruan (Mly., Bjn), kocolan (Btw.), Bogo (Sd.), bayong, Bogo, licingan
(Bms.), curses (Jw.), and other -other. In English also known by various names such as Common
snakehead, snakehead murrel, chevron snakehead, striped snakehead and also Aruan. Scientific
name is Channa striata (Bloch, 1793).

      Pemerian

Large land fish, can grow to reach a length of 1 m. Big-headed little squashed like a snake's head
(so called snakehead), with large scales on its head. Gilig elongated round body, such as guided
missiles. Elongated dorsal fin and caudal fin rounded at the ends.

Side of the body - from head to tail - a dark, brownish or greenish black. The down side of the
body is white, began his chin to the back. Side-streak streaky thick (striata, streaky-scratch) a
little fuzzy. It is often resemble the surrounding environment. Mouth large, with big teeth and
sharp.

      Habit

Fish ordinary cork was found in lakes, swamps, rivers, and channels water to the rice fields.
These fish prey on various small fish, insects, and various other aquatic animals including
tadpoles and frogs.

Often the fish cork brought flooding into the trenches around the house, or entering the
maintenance of fish ponds and become pests that prey on pet fish in there. If the rice field, pond
or ditch dries up, these fish will attempt to move to another place, or if compelled, will bury
themselves in the mud until it was re-watering. Therefore, these fish often encountered 'walk' on
land, especially in the evenings in summer, look for another place that is still watery. This
phenomenon is because the cork has the ability to breathe directly from air, using a kind of
labyrinth organs (such as catfish or betok) but more primitive.

In mating season, males and females work together to prepare a nest among the vegetation near
the water's edge. The kids fish orange red black striped, swim in groups that move together from
place to place looking for food. This young group dijagai by its mother.

      Spread

Fish cork spread from Pakistan to the west, southern Nepal, most regions in India, Bangladesh,
Sri Lanka, southern China, and most areas of Southeast Asia including Indonesia, the western
part.
      Diversity Type

Cork and relatives including the Old World animal, ie, from Asia (genus Channa) and Africa
(genus Parachanna). Altogether there are approximately 30 species of the genus. In Indonesia
there are several species of Channa, who naturally all of them spread to the west of the Wallace
Line. But now the cork has been introduced into the eastern part as well.

One of the cork are close relatives toman fish (Channa micropeltes), the length of the body can
exceed 1 m and weighing more than 5 kg. Benefits and Disadvantages. Actually, cork fish
have high economic value. Cork wild fish caught from rivers, lakes and swamps in Sumatra and
Kalimantan often marinated before traded between islands. Cork is one of salted dried fish is
quite expensive. In addition cork fresh fish, mostly sold in a state of life, is a fairly important
source of protein for villagers, especially those adjacent to the marshy areas or rivers.

Fish cork is also a great lure fish. With live bait in the form of an insect or a frog child, cork
relatively easily provoked. However, sharp teeth and lightning and strong pull, can easily break
the string pancing.Untuk rural communities especially farmers, fish cork helps eliminate pests,
for example: the many fields in occupied by the pest snails, often led to crop failure, result of the
act of eating rice snails that often, especially at a young age. However, some farmers find a way
that is easy and very helpful, namely, by expanding cork fish culture in rice fields are in
garapnya, thus a lot of snail-snail harming farmers will gradually decrease. However, these fish
can also be very detrimental, ie, when entered into the maintenance of fish ponds (Although
some relatives of cork in Asia also deliberately bred as a pet fish). Cork is very greedy prey on
small fish, so they can spend the fish reared in ponds, especially if the pet fish were still small.

Since a few years ago in North America, this fish and several close relatives who are equally
wary of including snakehead fishes as dangerous fish, which can threaten the sustainability of
aquatic biota there. The types of snakehead actually entered the U.S. as aquarium fish. Probably
due to carelessness, the snakehead is now also found in nature, in rivers and ponds in the U.S..
And because it is predatory and invasive, the U.S. government feared the fish would quickly
spread and damage the natural balance of water.

      Cork for healthy fish

It is known that this fish is very rich in albumin, a type of protein is important. Albumin human
body needs every day, especially in the process of healing the wounds. Giving the fish meat
protein extract corks or has been employed to increase the level of albumin in the blood and
helps the healing of some diseases.

From : http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ikan_gabus

				
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Description: Fish cork is a kind of wild fish that live in freshwater. This fish is known by many names in various regions