ENGLAND 1400 - 1700 by wulinqing

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									ENGLAND 1400 - 1700
        The Stuart Family
   The Tudor Dynasty (1458-1603)

       ruled by divine right, but recognized the
        need for Parliament

       needs Parliament’s approval to levy taxes

       both Henry VIII and Elizabeth maintained
        control over Parliament
      The Stuarts Take Over
   1603 after Elizabeth I’s death, the
    Stuarts inherit the throne

   James I (1603-1625)
         James I (1603-1625)

   constant struggle with Parliament on policy
   James I dissolved Parliament when they
    wouldn’t support him by raising taxes to pay
    for foreign affair
   religious conflicts with the Puritans that
    wanted to change the Church of England
       Charles I (1625-1649)
   James I son
   ruled similar to his father
   imprisoned people without trial
   asked Parliament to raise taxes
Petition of Right
   Charles can’t tax without approval of
    Parliament

   Signed but then dissolved for 11
    years, ignoring the act.
Religious Conflict
   tried to force strict Anglican doctrine

   Trying to return Catholic Ritual

   Scottish Puritans Revolt

   Charles call upon Parliament to pay for
    rebellion
    Charles call upon Parliament
          to pay for rebellion
         1640-1653
         executed Charles I chief ministers
         Parliament couldn’t be dissolved without
          their approval
         dismissal of bishops
       Charles I led troops into House of
        Commons
     The English Civil War
                 1642-1649

   Cavaliers and Roundheads

         Cavaliers supported Charles I

         Roundheads were supporters of Parliament
               Oliver Cromwell
       Leader of the Roundheads

       Lead the defeat of the Cavaliers

       Charles I executed
         sent a sign that in England no ruler was
          truly absolute
      Established England as a
                Republic
   The Republic was run by Oliver
    Cromwell.
Uprisings and Challenges
  Supporters of Charles II, heir to the
    throne, attacked England
   Cromwell crushed it and punished

    the Catholic Majority
   Levelers

      Poor men should have a role in

       govt. too
      Cromwell suppressed it
Life in the Republic
   Sunday set aside for religion
   Cromwell followed strict Puritan
    guidelines for Puritan morality
   Religious toleration for other
    Protestant groups
   Welcomed Jews back
                    Continued
       Education
         All people should be able to read the
          Bible
       Commonwealth ends with Cromwell’s
        death
       1660: Charles II invited to rule the
        government.
               Charles II
   Religious tolerance of the Protestans
    (secretly Catholic)

   Accepted the Petition of Right
                 James II
   Catholic

   Suspended laws

   Appointed Catholics to high offices

   Parliament invites James’ Protestant
    daughter to rule in his place.
     The Glorious Revolution
   Mary and William of Orange

   Bloodless overthrow of the
    government (James flees to France)
    Had to accept the English Bill
              of Rights
        Parliament superior over the monarchy
        Parliament must meet frequently
        House of Commons has Power of the Purse
         (control of the money)
        Limited Monarchy
          Limits on monarchs power by a constitution or
           legislature.
        Habeas Corpus
          A person can’t be held in prison without being
           charged with a crime.

								
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