Industrial Safety Essay - PDF

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14.1      The Constitution of India contains specific provisions on occupational Safety and health of workers (Box 14.1). The Directorate
General of Mines Safety (DGMS) and the Directorate General of Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), the two field
organisations of Ministry of Labour strive to achieve the principles enshrined in the Constitution of India in the area of occupational safety and
health in mines, factories and ports.

                                                                                                  Box 14.1
Article         Constitutional Provision
24           No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work            in any factory or
mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment.

39(e&f)       The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing:

               (e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children
are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to
their age or strength;

              (f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in
conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and
against moral and material abandonment.

42        The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for
maternity relief.



14.2 The Directorate General, Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), Mumbai which is an attached office of the Ministry of
Labour functions as a technical arm of the Ministry in regards to matters concerned with safety, health and welfare of workers in factories and
ports/docks. It assists the Central Government in formulation and review of policy and legislation on occupational safety and health in factories
and ports; maintains a liaison with Factory Inspectorates of States and Union Territories in regard to the implementation and enforcement of
provisions of the Factories Act, 1948; renders advice on technical matters; enforces the Dock Workers (Safety Health & Welfare) Act, 1986;
undertakes research in industrial safety, occupational health, industrial hygiene and industrial psychology etc.; and provides training mainly in the
field of industrial safety and health including one year Diploma Course in Industrial Safety and three-months Post Graduate Certificate Course in
Industrial Health (Associate Fellow of Industrial Health-AFIH).
14.3 The structure of DGFASLI organisation comprising the headquarters; five Labour Institutes and Inspectorates of Dock Safety in 11 Major
Ports, is given as under:
The Headquarters in Mumbai comprises the following divisions:

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·               Factory Advice Service
·               Dock Safety
·               Construction Safety
·               Awards

The Central Labour Institute

14.4 The Central Labour Institute in Mumbai started working from 1959. The Institute was shifted to the present premises in February 1966 and
all the disciplines functioning at different locations under the Chief Advisor of Factories were brought under one roof. Over the past 36 years, the
Institute has grown and assumed the status of a major National Resource Centre with the following divisions:

·        Industrial Safety
·        Industrial Hygiene
·        Industrial Medicine
·        Industrial Physiology
·        Industrial Psychology
·        Industrial Ergonomics
·        Industrial Environmental Engineering
·        Staff Training
·        Small Scale Industries Cell
·        Productivity
·        Major Accident Hazards Control Advisory
·        Management Information Services
·        Safety and Health Communication

14.5    The different divisions at the Institute undertake activities such as carrying out Studies and Surveys, organising training programmes,
seminars and workshops, rendering services such as technical advice, Safety Audits, testing and issuance of performance reports for personal
protective equipment, delivering talks, etc. Some of these facilities that are not available in the Regions, are extended to the regions as and when

The Regional Labour Institutes (RLIs)

14.6 The Regional Labour Institutes (RLIs) located in Kolkata, Chennai and Kanpur are serving the respective regions of the country. Each of
these institutes have the following divisions/sections:
·               Industrial Safety
·               Industrial Hygiene
·               Industrial Medicine
·               Staff Training and Productivity
·               Communication
·               Major Accident Hazards Control
·               Computer Centre
Regional Labour Institute in Faridabad is in the formative stage of being set up. An office, with two officers on deputation from the Central
Labour Institute, Mumbai, has been established in a rental premises. This would serve the Northern states/UTs. viz. Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, J &
K, and Himachal Pradesh, in more effective and direct manner as these are being presently looked after by the Regional Labour Institute, Kanpur,
which is having a large number of states to extend its services.

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The Inspectorates of Dock Safety

14.7 The Inspectorates of Dock Safety are established at 11 major ports of India viz. Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Paradip,
Kandla, Mormugao, Tuticorin, Cochin and New Manglore. The Inspectorate at Jawaharlal Nehru Port, which started functioning as major port in
the year 1989, is recently sanctioned and is being set up.

14.8 Over the years, keeping pace with the industrial development and governmental policies, the organisation expanded rapidly. The manpower
position of the organisation as on 31.10.2001 is given below:

                                                                                                                                   Box 14.2
                                                             Man Power of DGFASLI
         Units                 Technical                 Administrative               Total
                     Sanctioned     Working       Sanctioned    Working    Sanctioned     Working
Headquarters             15              13              51           45          66          58
CLI. Mumbai                107           84             107           98         214         182
3 RLIs                      85           67             105           92         190         159
                           24            16              36            32            60           48
Total:                    231            180            299           267           530          447


Safety in Factories

14.9 The following ILO/International instruments on Safety, Health and Welfare subjects were examined and comments thereon forwarded to
Ministry of Labour.

·        ILO Convention No. 174 on Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents
·        ILO Convention No. 170 on Chemicals
·        ILO Convention No.89 on Night Work (Women)
·        ILO Convention No.81 on Labour Inspection.
·        ILO Convention No.144 on Tripartite consultation (International Labour Standards)
·        ILO Convention No. 155 on Safety & Health
·        ILO Convention No.127 on Maximum permission weight
·        ILO Convention No. 119 on Guarding of Machinery
·        Prepared comments for deletion of 20 ILO recommendation as suggested by ILO during the 20th session of ILO
·        ILO Draft code of Practice on Safety & Health in Non-ferrous Metals Industries.

The following important activities were also undertaken during the period.

Ø        DGFASLI prepared document for National Accreditation Board – Constitution regarding.

Ø        DGFASLI prepared replies to the checklist forwarded by National Commission on Labour.

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Ø    DGFASLI prepared background paper on Occupational Safety and Health for the first meeting of the Working Group on Occupational
Safety and Health constituted by the Planning Commission.

Ø    DGFASLI prepared background material on “Strengthening of Factory Inspection Services” and “Taking Small Scale Units out of the
purview of the Factories Act” for 2nd National Commission on Labour.

Ø    DGFASLI prepared background paper on the topics on “Taking Small Scale Units out of the purview of the Factories Act” and
“Strengthening of Factory Inspection Services” for the Committee appointed by the 2nd National Commission on Labour.

Ø    Action Taken Report on the recommendations of the High Power Committee on Hazardous Waste constituted by the Honorable Supreme
Court of India and sent to Ministry of Labour was prepared.

Ø     DGFASLI provided the clarification on “Approval of Plans” under Section 6 of the Factories Act 1948 and for the rules notified there under
to the Chief Inspectors of Factories, Delhi.

Ø  DGFASLI prepared a note for presentation by Director General on “Functioning of DGFASLI” for presentation at the Consultative
Committee for Ministry of Labour.

Ø    An officer of DGFASLI visited Alang – Sosiya Ship Breaking yards in Gujarat, for acquiring first hand knowledge on the activities of the
Ship Breaking Industry.

Ø        Prepared amendments to Section 64 and 65 of the Factories Act 1948, for the consideration of the Ministry of Labour

Ø        Prepared the final report for approval on “Model Inland Ship Breaking Yard”


14.10 In keeping with the organisation’s pioneering role in the field of industrial safety and health, a large number of training programmes were
conducted. Joint participation of management personnel and Trade Union Leaders of the same organisations was a unique feature in some of
these programmes.
·        78 Seminars/Workshops, and longer duration programmes were conducted for 1574 participants from 660 organisations.
·        28 Need based in-plant training programmes for 991 employees at various level in Industry were conducted.
·        26 Short duration (1-2 days) programmes for 413 participants from 39 organisations were conducted.
·      201 Appreciation programmes were conducted for 3630 beneficiaries at the permanent Safety, Health & Welfare Centres of the four Labour
Institutes, in Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Kanpur.
·        16 Displays of Mobile Safety Exhibition benefiting 15000 factory workers were organised.

Table 14.1 gives the details of the targets and achievements pertaining to training programmes for the year 2000-2001

A Pie chart at Annexure – “A” shows the details of the training activities during the period April – Oct., 2001.

Studies and Surveys

14.11 National Studies and Surveys are undertaken to ascertain status of working conditions and standards of safety in select group of industries
and operations.

·        Transport Equipment Safety & Road Accident Study in Ports completed.

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·    Status of implementation of the Factories Act regarding Compulsory Disclosure of information to workers about Hazardous process

14.12 In addition following National Studies/Surveys are under progress:

·        Safety Audit in Ports
·        Safety, Health and Work Environment in Pesticide Industry
·        National Study on Anthropometry – Suggesting norms of seating arrangements for Laboratory & office staff.
·        Safety and Environmental Conditions in Stone Crushing units.

14.13 Unit level consultancy studies are carried out at the requests of the management and reports are submitted for implementation of
recommendations for further improvement in concerned factories. Consultancy studies were carried out in following areas:

·        Safety Audit                                     - 10
·        Environmental Assessment                       - 6
·        Noise                                           - 5
·        Assessment of Airborne Contaminants             - 4
·        Maximum Credible Loss Scenario                  - 2
·        HAZOP Study                                      - 2
·        Assessment of Occupational Health Status       - 3
·        Contaminants in Compress Breathing Air           - 2
·        Illumination                                     - 2
·        Industrial Hygiene                               - 1
·        Physiological Heat Stress                       - 1

Table 14.3 gives the institute-wise details regarding targets for 2000-2001and achievements up to October 2001.

National Referral Diagnostic Centre

51 suspected cases of occupational diseases, referred to the National Referral Diagnostic Centre, were evaluated and opinion given.

Schemes and Projects:

14.14 The following Plan Schemes were permitted to be continued in the Ninth Plan and are in operation at DGFASLI.

·                Application of Ergonomics for improvement of work and working conditions in Factories and Docks.
·                Improvement of working conditions and productivity in small and medium scale enterprises.
·                Development of Safety and Health Information System and Data Bank.
·                Establishment of a system of Chemical Safety.
·                Strengthening the System of Monitoring and Improving Occupational Health Status of Workers employed in Hazardous Industries.
·                Testing and Certification of Personal Protective Equipment.
·                Re-organisation, Strengthening and Establishment of Special Cells in DGFASLI
·                Establishment of a Regional Labour Institute in Faridabad.

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·               Improvement and strengthening of enforcement and implementation system for safety and health of dock workers in major ports.

The main objectives of above Schemes are strengthening the technical competence of the officers and augmenting infrastructural facilities
available at the headquarters, the CLI, the three RLIs and setting up a new RLI at Faridabad with a view to fulfilling the aims of the DGFASLI
organisation more effectively. The targets and achievements for the present Plan Schemes in operation are given in Table 14.4.
Major Accident Hazards Control:

14.15 The Major Accident Hazards Control Advisory Division at the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai advises State Governments and MAH
units on control of Major Accident Hazards, preparation of emergency plans, Safety Audit, Risk Assessment etc.
·        6 Joint inspections as part of the II Environmental Safety Committee, set up by the Government of Maharashtra, were undertaken.
·        5 additional MAH units identified bringing the total to 1390 MAH units
·        One hazardous chemical identified bringing the total to 155 Hazardous Chemicals
Ø    The officers of the MAHCA division and RLI Kolkata acted as members of a Committee constituted by the Government of Rajasthan to
investigate the incident of gas release from factory in Bhiwadi Industrial Area, District, Alwar, Rajasthan. The committee investigated the incident
and submitted the report to the CIF & B Rajasthan.
Ø   Prepared a write up on DGFASLI and its role in prevention and control of Industrial/Chemical Disaster and submitted to FAS division for
onward transmission for Higher Power Committee through Ministry of Labour.
Ø        Attended a course on Calibration of Temperature, Pressure and Humidity Instruments conducted by E.R.T.L. (W), Mumbai.
Ø    Attended the training programme on “Environmental, Occupational, Health & Safety Management System (ISO 14001 & OHS 18000)”
organised by Indian Institute of Quality Management, Government of India, Ministry of Information Technology, Jaipur.
Ø   Prepared a write up on Recommended Measures for Strengthening Organisational Structures for submission to the High Powered Committee
(HPC) on Disaster Management through the Ministry of Labour.

National Seminars/Workshops

14.16 Twenty two Seminars/Workshops were conducted for 662 delegates during the period, out of which few of them are highlighted as under:
·        One day seminar on Occupational Health & Safety Commitment - A Challenges of the New Millenium held at RLI Kolkata.
·      Workshop on The Fire Safety Week was celebrated at CLI, Mumbai from 16th to 20th April, 2001. The programme was inaugurated by the
Director General and was attended by the officers and staff from the organisation. Two resource persons viz. Shri Khade, Fire Officer from
Mumbai Fire Brigade and Shri Ghorpade, Manager (Safety) from M/s. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd., Mumbai, delivered talks on topics
related to Fire Safety. In the concluding session of the week, Shri P.K. Mukherjee, Dy. Manager, Loss Prevention Association of India Ltd.,
Mumbai presented a case study on fire incidents.
·     2-days Seminar on “Strategies for fire control” was organised at Regional Labour Institute, Chennai in collaboration with Loss Prevention
Association and Tariff Advisory Committee, Chennai on 19 & 20th April 2001. The Seminar was attended by 70 participants from various
industries of the country. There were four technical section chaired by eminent persons from industries Govt. Institutions etc. A senior officer
from DGFASLI, Mumbai, chaired one of the sessions. In the Technical session papers on various topics related to fire prevention and control
were presented.
·        Workshop on Selection & Quality Assurance for Effective use of Personal Protective Equipment held at CLI Mumbai
·        Symposium on the Occasion of May Day on "Right of Workers about their Safety & Health" held at RLI Kanpur.
·      The Small Scale Cell conducted workshop on “Higher Productivity & Better Place to Work” for Owners/Managers of Small & Medium
Scale Enterprises at Sangli in association with Directorate of (ISH), Sangli and Industrial Safety Committee Sangli, on 20 July, 01. The workshop
was inaugurated by Shri V.S. More, Joint Director (ISH), Kolhapur region. The officer of Central Labour Institute, Mumbai described the theme
and philosophy of the workshop in details highlighting the principle of spreading the positive ideas from one unit to others for mutual benefit. An
officer of the SSC division explained methodology of the workshop. Shri V.Y. Patil, Chairman, Industrial Safety Committee, Dist. Sangli,
presided over the function and gave the presidential address.
·     A four days ILO/DGFASLI Workshop on “Safety, Health & Environment – Priority Concerned for Workers Representatives in Port
Sector” was organised and conducted by the Dock Safety division at DGFASLI in collaboration with ILO New Delhi from 24-27th September,
2001. Shri D. P. A. Naidu, Senior Specialised on worker activity, ILO New Delhi, inaugurated this Workshop. Twenty-three delegates
representing 5 National Federation namely INTUC, HMS, BMS, CITU, & AITUC attended the Workshop. As a part of this workshop, the
delegates prepared the action plan for Improving Safety & Health Standards at National and Port level.
·        Training for Trainers for Health, Safety & Welfare at Work for supervisors in port area.
·     The DGFASLI along with the National Commission on Labour organised a one day Workshop on 21st September 2001 “to review the
provisions of the Factories Act 1948 in the changing scenario”. Fifty-six participants from various specialists were drawn representing (i)
Inspectorate of Factories (ii) Safety Experts. (iii) Legal Expert (iv) NGOs & Autonomous bodies (v) Employers organization (vi) Employees

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organizations. The six groups divided for the whole day and made recommendations through presentations, which have been taken up for
consideration. The officials of Ministry of Labour, DGFASLI, and National Commission on Labour were also present. The senior expert also
showed their views in the conclusion.

Management Information Services

14.17 The CLI is equipped with microfiches and international softwares such as CCINFO discs, CIS bibliographic database, NIOSH Registry of
Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances and information on Chemicals of Environmental and Health Concern(CESARS), etc. published as
CDROMs by the Canadian Centre of Occupational Safety and Health. It also has WHAZAN and EPACHEM softwares. Microfiche reader
Services are provided through a well-equipped library having over 25,000 books and technical journals. NICNET connectivity through E-Mail
service has been established in CLI. Also Indian Occupational Safety & Health Network (INDOSHNET) is established by the Ministry of Labour,
Government of India with DGFASLI as nodal agency and CIS Centre as the Network facilitator.

·        MSDSs numbering 268 were supplied
·        479 Chemicals were searched on CCINFO CD-ROMs.
·        Four issues of INDOSHNEWS No.5 Vol.3 & Vol.4 and No.6 Vol.1 and Vol. 2 newsletter were published.
·        The inventory of MAH installations and hazardous chemicals updated.

Safety and Health Communication

14.18 Recognising the effectiveness of good audiovisual aids in imparting training, a modern Audio-Visual Studio was set up at CLI in 1992
under USAID project. For indoor shooting, the studio has a recording room along with a flexible lighting system, and it is equipped with an
editing suite, an editing recorder, 8-channel audio mixer and a video typewriter.
·     Video feedback as well as still photographic coverage for Fire Safety Week, May Day celebrations, ILO Workshops/training programmes &
Hindi workshop/Pakhawada.
·        Prepared two electronic presentations for the Director General, DGFASLI and also prepared digital design for INDOSHNEWS.
·        Created two designs for Mural painting with colour scheme on theme of Safety.
·      Umatic video and still photographic coverage was provided during Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar and National Safety Awards function
held in Delhi.
Industrial Safety, Health & Welfare Centre
14.19 Industrial Safety, Health and Welfare Centre of the Central Labour Institute promotes the hazard communication through display of panels,
models, charts, graphs, write-ups etc. which is visited by workers, and executives from industry and delegates from other countries. To provide art
support for the production of video films, publicity material such as banners, safety posters, and technical literature, etc., the CLI has an Art
Studio staffed with specialists in the field and equipped with the necessary facilities.
·        159 Safety & Health Appreciation programmes were conducted
·        2730 visitors from 174 organisations visited the Centres.

Testing of Personal Protective Equipment

14.20 The respiratory and non-respiratory equipment testing laboratories at Central Labour Institute, Mumbai undertake performance tests of
Canisters, Masks, Helmets, Safety Shoes, Safety Goggles, Safety Belts, and Welding Glasses etc. Following equipments were tested to ascertain
their performance characteristics so as to meet relevant BIS standards.
·        111 dust respirators, canisters, dust filters etc.
·        267 non-respiratory equipment such as helmets, safety shoes, etc.

Construction Safety:

14.21 DGFASLI has been promoting the Safety and Health in the Construction sector by way of training of personnel, collection and
compilation of data relating to accidents dissemination of information, and rendering technical advice, etc. To meet the requirements effectively
the “Construction Safety Division” has been established at the headquarters in Mumbai.

·        Prepared a paper on “Occupational Safety & Health in Construction Industry” to present scenario for submission to Ministry of Labour as a

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Sub-Committee member.
·    Gave comments on Article 167 concerning Safety & Health in construction with reference to Building other Construction Workers
(Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 and Central Rules 1998 by the Government.

          Dock Safety:

14.22 The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986 was enacted on 14th April, 1987. The Dock Workers (Safety, Heath and
Welfare) Rules, 1990 and Regulations, 1990 were framed under the new Act. As a result of introduction of these new set of statutes, the scope of
dock work has considerably increased covering more number of workers employed in ports, who were hitherto not covered for their safety, health
and welfare.

In addition, the Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989 framed under the Environment (Protection), Act, 1986 are
also enforced by DGFASLI through the Inspctorates Dock Safety located in the major ports of India.

14.23 Under the Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986, the Director General is the Chief Inspector of Dock Safety for all the
major ports.

·        993 inspections of Ships and Oil Tankers were carried out.

Table 14.5 shows the year-wise inspections carried out by the Dock Safety Inspectorates from 1997-98 to October 2001.
     A bar chart at Annexure - “B” gives the details of the inspections.

·        21 Inspections of isolated storages and 26 of pipelines were carried out.
·        2 Prosecutions were launched, 2 cases were decided and at the end of the period 15 cases were pending.
·        4 proposals of notification of site scrutinised and approved.
·        Handling of containers with the help of spreaders for the safety of the workers considerably improved
·        The supply and use of Personal Protective Equipment by Dock Workers improved.
·        The appointment of Safety Officer has shown marked improvement.
·        The functioning of Safety Committees have been streamlined for their effectiveness.
·        154 accidents (including 19 fatal accidents) were reported in all the ports.

Table 14.6 shows year wise reportable accidents in ports from 1996–15th Dec., 2000. A bar chart at Annexures - “C” give reportable accidents &
fatal accidents in ports.

14.24 Prepared material for ILO Project on Strengthening of DGFASLI Inspectorates and improving Safety & Health standard in Port sector.

14.25 Prepared material for the working group on Occupational Health & Safety under the chairmanship of Secretary, Ministry of Labour.

14.26 Prepared material for the Working Group on Labour Laws & Other Labour Regulations under the Chairmanship of Secretary to the
government of India, Ministry of Labour, New Delhi.

14.27 Prepared and submitted report on ratified convention No.32 concerning protection against accidents (Dockers) convention (revised), 1932,
for the period 1.6.96 to 31.5.2001.

14.28    Prepared comments on ILO Convention No. 152 concerning Occupational Health & Safety in Dock Work for onward transmission to
Ministry of Labour for ratification.

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14.29    Held the 22nd All India Conference of Dock Safety Inspectors at New Mangalore Port from 13-15 June 2001. All officials of the division
and Dock Safety Inspectorates attended the Conference. The conference was inaugurated by the Director General, DGFASLI and Shri P.K.
Mohanty, Chairman-in-Charge, New Mangalore Port Trust delivered the Key Note Address. The senior officer of Dock Safety division delivered
the welcome address. The valedictory function of the conference was held on 15th June 2001.

14.30Prepared and submitted two Status Papers on (i) “ICDs” and (ii)“Review of the Implementation of the Dock Workers (Safety, Health &
Welfare) Act, 1986 with special emphasis on Chemicals and Wastes”.

14.31Prepared and submitted report on ratified convention No.137 and Recommendation No.145 concerning Dock Work.

14.32DGFASLI officers attended a Workshop on “Compliance and Enforcement of Environmental Laws” organised by UNEP, WB, MOEF, etc.
from 19-21 June, 01 and presented a paper as the representative of DGFASLI on enforcement of environmental laws for manufacturing and port

14.33Ten specialised training programmes for 256 Management Personnel and Responsible Persons and 14 short duration training programmes
for 232 Management Personnel and Workers from 14 organisations were conducted by Inspectorates of Dock Safety.

Approval of Flame proof Electrical Equipment

14.34As per the BIS standard IS: 2148-1981 DGFASLI is the approving agency for Flame Proof Electrical Enclosures for their use in hazardous

·         100 Applications received for approval
·         97 approvals were issued to 25 manufacturers
·         9 manufacturing units were visited for inspection of testing facilities

Representation on BIS Committees:

14.35Officers of DGFASLI represented on several BIS Committees/Sub-committees dealing with Safety and Health matter.

Publication /Dissemination of Information

14.36Papers Published
·    Physiological cost of Indian Canteen Operations in an Industrial Canteen published in Indian Journal Occupational & Environment
Medicine 5(1), 13-16, 2001.
·        Physiological Evaluation of Heat Stress at Parle Products Ltd., for Publication in INDOSHNEWS

14.37Papers Presented
·     Occupational Health Hazard & its Control – A Challenge for Industries in New Millennium in Seminar on “Occupational Health Hazard &
its Control – A Challenge” held at RLI Kolkata on 28 June 2001.
·     Techniques of Hazard Identification in Seminar on “Occupational Health Hazard & its Control – A Challenge” held at RLI Kolkata on 28
June 2001.

·     Education & training for Hazardous Chemicals & Mixture in Seminar on “Occupational Health Hazard & its Control – A Challenge” held
at RLI Kolkata on 28 June, 2001.

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·     Monitoring of Work Environment in Seminar on “Occupational Health Hazard & its Control – A Challenge” held at RLI Kolkata on 28
June 2001.
·      Lead Exposure in Industries – Legal & Industrial Hygiene aspects in 3-day workshop on “Lead Exposure in Industrial Toxicology Research
Institute, Lucknow.
·        Risk Management – General Principles of Methods in Safety Seminar organised by SAIL, at KIRUBURU, Jharkhand on 18-19 July, 01.
·        Principle Practice & Benefits of Safety Audit in Safety Seminar organised by SAIL, at KIRUBURU, Jharkhand on 18-19 July, 01.
·      Creating Safety Culture: Systemic approach in Seminar on Human Behavior & Industrial Safety held at Y. B. Chavan Centre, Mumbai on 6
Oct., 2001.

National Safety Awards and Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar
14.38The Directorate General is entrusted with the operation of the scheme of Vishwakarma
Rashtriya Puraskar (VRP) and the National Safety Awards (NSA). The VRP is awarded to
workers in factories, mines, plantations and docks in recognition of outstanding suggestions
made by them leading to increased productivity, safety and improvement in the general
efficiency of the undertakings.

14.39“Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar” & “National Safety Awards” for the year 1999 were distributed in a function held on 17 September 2001
at New Delhi. Shri Vinod Vaish, Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Labour welcomed the Awardees and Guests and briefed them
about the Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar (VRP) and the National Safety Awards (NSA) schemes. He appealed to all the concerned to come
forward in larger number to participate in the Award Schemes so as to bring about greater awareness of the need for all round improvement in our
efforts to produce quality goods and services in safe and healthy conditions and to fully involve the working class in an efficient and effective

The Hon’ble Union Minister of State for Labour & Employment Shri Munni Lallji delivered the presidential speech and appreciated the
contribution made by the Awardees. He stressed that the responsibility for ensuring safety of the workers, conservation of the environment etc.
involved in the production of goods and services not be the concern of the Government alone but should be shared equally by all as partners in

The Hon’ble Union Minister of Labour Shri Sharad Yadvji in his speech congratulated the Awardees for their excellent work done in the field on
Safety, Health & Environment. He felt that there is need to lift the quality of work life of the working class to integrate our national economy with
global economy.

Awards were presented by Hon’ble Union Minister of Labour Sharad Yadavji and Hon’ble Minister for State for Labour & Employment Shri
Muni Lallji and vote of thanks proposed by Shri S.K. Saxena, Director General, Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes, Mumbai.
Seventy-nine awardees of Vishwakarma Rashtriya Puraskar and Sixty eight of National Safety Awards received by the Awardees.

Promotion of National Policies

14.40May Day Celebration:

May Day was celebrated on 1st May 2001 in the Central Labour Institute, Mumbai as an expression of solidarity with the cause of workers. The
programme started with the show of film clippings on child Labour prepared by the Ministry of Labour. The Seminar on “Occupational Health
Problems of Child Labour” followed. The senior officer (CLI) chaired the seminar. An officer of the Industrial Psychology division delivered the
welcome address to greet the distinguished guests. The presentation of the proceeding was made in the Seminar by the guest speakers and by the
officer of Industrial Safety division who recited a Hindi poetry titled ‘Shram Bindu’. Dr. H.L. Kaila, Reader & Head of the Department of
Psychology, SNDT Women’s University presented a Paper titled “Occupational health Problems of Child Labour”. The paper highlighted the
extent of prevalence of the Child Labour in India and the vulnerability of such children to the occupational health hazards. Shri Satyajit, Social
Worker in a Project on ‘Street Children in Mumbai narrated case studies of children working as child labour in Teashops, Scooter Garage, hotels
etc., located at various parts of Mumbai. The presentation was followed by a highly interactive discussion on various issues related to the child

14.41 RLI Kanpur celebrated the May Day by conducting symposium on “Rights of Workers about their Safety & Health” and also RLI Kolkata,
Shri Naren Sen, National Federation of Trade Union, delivered a lecture on the importance of May Day to all officers and Staff members of the

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Institute. RLI Chennai celebrated May Day, the celebration was organised through a Debate on the themes “Employees contribution for
organisation development: Ask not what the organisation has done for you, Ask what you have done for the organisation”.

Promotion of Hindi as an official Language:

14.42 “Hindi Pakhwara” was celebrated in this Directorate General from 14 - 28 September 2001. During this period six competitions on Essay,
Noting & Drafting, Debating, Translation in Hindi etc. were held amongst the employees and a Workshop was also conducted by the Joint
Director, Hindi Anuvad Bureau, Regional Office, Mumbai. The occasion was inaugurated by the Senior officer of Central Labour Institute when
the use of Hindi in a day to-day official work was highlighted. In the valedictory function the Director General appreciated the motivated
employees and invited all to do day-to-day work in Hindi and prizes were distributed to the winners.

14.43 Hindi Week was celebrated at RLI Kanpur from 10th to 14th September2001, during which, half day Workshop on use of Hindi in official
work and speech, essay and slogan competition were conducted. The Rajbhasha Day was celebrated on 14th September 2001. During the period
short talks were held and prizes were distributed to the winners.

Visits of VIPs:

1.        Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Labour.
2.        The members of IInd National Commission on Labour.
3.        Two participants from Government of Nepal attending Fellowship training programme on “Micro-Analytical Techniques”.
4.        Chief of OSHC, Govt. of Nepal.

TABLE 14.1

                                                           WORKSHOPS, ETC. YEAR 2001-2002

           Activity                             ACHIEVEMENTS                                               TARGETS
                                                APRIL – OCT., 2001                                 Nov., 2001 – MARCH, 2002
                              CLI        RLI     RLI      RLI            RLI Dock       CLI        RLI     RLI    RLI     RLI        Dock
                           Mum-bai Kol- Chen-nai           Kan-pur       Fari- Safety Mum-bai Kol-kata Chen-nai Kan-pur Fari-dabad Safety
                                         kata                            dabad

i)                                  10      1         15                     -     4           8       2      2       2          -      2
ii) Diploma                         1       1         1              1       -      -          1       1      1       1          -      -
in Indus-trial Safety
iii) Over 2 Days                    30      4         -              7       1    10          47      15     10      12          7     10
iv) 1-2 Day                         11      1         -              -       -    14          18      12      8      12          -     60
v) Appre-ciation Pro-            159        2        32              8       -      -     336         48    110      12          -      -

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vi) Inplant                     14   2             2            10         -   -        -       -         -    -   -   -
vii) Factory                     -   4             -            12         -   -       30       -         -   30   -   -
visits of Mobile Safety
Exhibition Vans

* Targets are included at Sr. No.(iii) and (iv).

                                                                       TABLE 14.2

                                                                Up to DECEMBER, 2001

  Sl.               Title                Date of        No. of Units covered            Status
                                                       Apl.’2001 Cumulative
 No.                                      start         to Oct.,
                                                         2001     Total Units
                                                                  covered up
                                                                 to Oct., 2001
 1.     Compulsory disclosure of May 97                    -           11      Completed & report has
        information to worker                                                  been submitted
 2.     Safety, Health & Work      April 98                1            -      Under progress
        Environment in Pesticides
 3.     Transport Equipment Safety January 96              -           -       Completed & Report
        & Road Accident Study in                                               submitted

 4.     Safety Audit in Ports        July 96               1          12     Report of the Haldia Dock
                                                                             Complex Sub- mitted to the
                                                                             Port Authorities.
 5.     National Study on            February,             -      595 person Under progress
        Anthropo-metry – Study on      1998
        Sedentary Popu-lation –
        Measure-ment of Relevant
        Body Dimensions for
        Suggesting Norms of
        Seating Arrangement for
        Laboratory and Office Staff.

 6.     Study on Safety and            27                  -           -       Under progress
        Environ- mental condition in October,
        Stone-Crushing Units in       1998
        Tamil Nadu

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                                                                        TABLE - 14.3

                                                                CONSULTANCY STUDIES

 Sl.No.                       Office                        Completed                   Projected
                                                     April, 2001 to Oct., 2001         Nov, 2001 to
                                                                                       March, 2002
      1.        CLI, Mumbai                                     22                         10
      2.        RLI Kolkata                                      2                          1
      3.        RLI, Chennai                                     3                          1
      4.        RLI Kanpur                                      11                          3
      5.        RLI, Faridabad                                   -                          -
                Total:                                          38                         15

                                                                      TABLE – 14.4

                                                           FROM APRIL TO DECEMBER, 2001

 Sl.        Name of the Scheme – its main activities         Annual       Achievement upto Fore-cast
 No.                                                         Target          Dec., 2001
                                                                            (i.e. 1.4.2001 to
1.         Application of ergonomics for
           improvement of work and working
           conditions in factories, docks and
           construction works
           1.   Training programmes for management                    4                         4     4
                                                                      2                         1     2
           2.    Ergonomics research
2.         Improvement of working conditions and
           productivity in small and medium scale
           1.  Training programmes for                                8                         4     3
           Owner-Managers                                             8                         4     3
           2.   Training programmes for Workers
3.         Development of safety and health
           information system and data bank
           A.     Development of Occupational Safety
           & Health Data Bank Creation of databases
           1.     Development of application programs
           2.     Modification of application programs
           3.  Development of National inventory of                   x                         2     x
           OSH Information                                            x                         2     x
           B.     Dissemination of occupational safety                x                         1     x
           & health information
           1.     Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
           2.     Abstract on safety & health literature
                                                                      x                     354       x
           3.     Microfiche reference
                                                                      x                         52    x
           4.     Books and journals

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                                                                       x    10     x
          5.     Awareness service on current events
                                                                       x    20     x
                                                                       x    10     x

4.        Establishment of system of chemical
                                                                      20    8      5
          1.    Training programmes on chemical
          safety                                                      20    3      2

          2.   Environmental study on monitoring of
          work environment in identified group of
          chemical industries
                                                                       1     -     -
          3.    Preparation of video films on chemical
5.        Strengthening of system for monitoring
          and improving the occupational health
          status of workers employed in hazardous
          1.     Occupational health studies                          13    6      6
          2.     Factory medical advisory service                     13    6      6
          3.  Diagnostic centre – No. of workers                       x    51     x

          4.   Advance training programme on
          occupational health & environmental                          2     -     1
          5.   Occupational health practices for
                                                                       1    1      -
          6.   Post Graduate Certificate Course in
          Industrial Health                                            5     -     2

6.        Strengthening of laboratory facilities in
          Central Labour Institute for testing and
          certification of Personal Protective
          1.   Testing of Personal Protective
                                                                  160      270   140
          i)             Non-respiratory devices
                                                                  160      108    52
          ii)           Respiratory devices

          2.     Training workshops
                                                                       2    1      1
          i) Workshop on testing methods
7.        Reorganisation and strengthening of the
          DGFASLI organisation and establishment
          of special cells
          1.      Safety and health communication
          i)             Video films                                   1    x      x

          ii)           Posters                                        2    x      x

          iii)          INDOSHNEWS                                     4    x      x

          2.      International National training unit
          i) Training programmes                                       1    4      x

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8.        Establishment of a new Regional Labour
          Institute at Faridabad
          1.     Short duration training programme
          2.     Walk through surveys along with
          specialised training programme in small                      4
          scale units
9.        Improvement of strengthening of
          enforcement and implementation system
          for safety and health of dock workers in
          major ports
          1.     Training programmes                                  15                    17        2
          2.     Enforcement (Inspections of ship,                 1500                    700     300
          container ships, tankers, loose gear, docks,
          container yards hazardous installations etc.)
          3.     Specialised study/survey
                                                                       2                     -        1

 x-       Targets could not be fixed due to obvious reasons.
All the activities have been carried out by Non-plan officers as the Plan posts are yet to be sanctioned and filled-up

                                                                      TABLE - 14.5


                                    1997-98, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-01 & UP TO DECEMBER, 2001 & FORECAST

                                                          ACTIVITY FROM JAN. 2002 – MAR., 2002.

  Name of the Port                             No. of ships and oil tankers inspected
                            1997-98      1998-99      1999-00     2000-01        2001        Forecast
                                                                               (Apr. to     Jan. 2002 –
                                                                                 Dec.)      Mar., 2002
Mumbai                        176          146          111          117           94            55
Kolkata                       345          226          247          193          218            60
Chennai                       196          127          114          115          136            60
Kandla                        160          174          201          197          125            50
Mormugao                       67           86           58          103           79            35
New Mangalore                  94           84           83          126          110            45
Visakhapatnam                 142          156          162          104           79            45
Tuticorin                     114          154          126          182          119            45
Cochin                         64           63           63           70           51            30
Paradip                       288          249          278          138          107            45
J.N. Port                      0             0           0             0           20            30
Total                        1646         1465         1443         1345         1138           500

                                                                           TABLE - 14. 6

                                                           REPORTABLE ACCIDENTS IN PORTS

                            1997-98     1998-99     1999-00     2000-01    2001 Apr-Oct
               PORT       Total Fatal Total Fatal Total Fatal Total Fatal Total Fatal
Mumbai                        68     4    62     6    58     5    48     4      24    4
Kolkata                       59     3    52     2    50     2    44     4      24    4
Chennai                       51     7    33     5    32     4    23     8       6    2

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Kandla                      9       1        9      2        6      3     4    1    13    6
Mormugao                   32       0       22      1       16      0    16    0     8    0
New Mangalore              16       0       18      2        6      1    13    0     6    2
Visakhapatnam              37       0       37      2       27      2    13    2     2    0
Tuticorin                  32       5       17      3       18      6    17    0     5    0
Cochin                     40       0       33      1       35      1    29    0    12    0
Paradip                     2       1        1      0        2      1     2    1     3    1
J.N. Port                   0       0        0      0        0      0     0    0     0    0
Total                     346      21      284     24      250     25   209   20   103   19


                                                                                              ANNEXURE - B

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14.44 Minerals constitute the backbone of the economic growth of any nation and India has been eminently endowed with this gift of nature.
Progressive industrialization witnessed the rise in demand and hence production of various minerals. Growth of mining under the impact of
successive Five Year Plans has been phenomenal. To take care of the enhanced targets, mechanization of mining activities has taken place. Table
14.7 shows the increasing trends of some important parameters like number of mines, value of minerals mined, aggregate machine power installed
and explosive used. Large-scale mechanization lead to higher risk to health and safety of work persons deployed in mines. Under the Constitution
of India, Safety, Welfare and Health of workers employed in mines are the concern of Central Government (Entry 55 – Union List – Article 246).
The Mines Act, 1952 and the Rules and Regulations framed there under regulate the objective. These are administered by the Directorate-General
of Mines Safety (DGMS) under the Union Ministry of Labour. Apart from administering the Mines Act and Subordinate Legislations there under,
DGMS also administers other allied legislation. These are as follows:

Mines Act, 1952
·        Coal Mines Regulations, 1957
·        Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961
·        Oil Mines Regulations, 1984
·        Mines – Rules, 1955
·        Mines Vocational Training Rules, 1956
·        Mines Rescue Rules, 1985
·        Mines Crèche Rules, 1966
·        Coal Mines Pit Head Bath Rules, 1959

Indian Electricity Act, 1910

·        Indian Electricity Rules, 1966

Allied Legislation

·        Factories Act, 1948: Chapters III & IV
·        Manufacture, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules. 1989 under Environmental Protection Act, 1986
·        Land Acquisition (Mines) Act, 1885
·        The Coal Mines (Conservation & Development) Act, 1974

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                                                                                                                                       Table 14.7

Growth of Mining Activities in India
  Year      No. of reporting mines             Value of minerals               Aggregate H.P.         Explosives used ( in
                                                                                                         000 tonnes)
                                             ( in Million Rupees)                 ( in 000s)

           Coal      Metal      Oil      Coal         Metal          Oil   Coal     Metal      Oil     Coal      Metal
  1951     893       1810        -        505          235          N.A.    188      83        N.A      1.5       1.0
  1961     848       2323        -       1141          487          N.A.    438      159       N.A.     4.5       3.8
  1971     781       1995       13       2543         1080           756    732      282        25     12.3       9.4
  1981     496       1768        8      18114         3620          2748   1841      925        35     46.3      15.3
  1991     561       1787       24      79794         19076        18533   4292     1519       507     124.2     40.3
  1992     567       1810       27      96377         21700        23104   4653     1644       583     140.0     44.1
  1993     570       1845       27      107467        23392        31777   3942     1853       541     155.6     44.1
  1994     576       1869       29      122216        24648        34302   4690     1891       548     156.9     43.3
  1995     579       1930       32      133314        33611        37065   5218     1735       579     189.6     46.2
  1996     576       1872       32      157474        36521        37388   5300     1877       523     207.8     47.2
  1997     580       1834       34      193877        43758        40813   5314     2016       570     232.7     43.4
  1998     594       1864       37      205307        45286        53136   5399     2020       602     247.0     47.1
  1999     598       1957       44      219101        46415        83982   5660     2147       744     267.6     49.8
  2000     579       1851       36      230566        43900        57719   5957     2150       769     282.0     47.2

Note : 2000 data are provisional.


14.45 The Directorate General of Mines Safety is a subordinate office under the Ministry of Labour with its Head Quarters at Dhanbad
(Jharkhand) and is headed by the Director-General of Mines Safety. At Head Quarter Director General is assisted by specialist staff–officers of
Mining, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering, Occupational Health, Law, Survey, Statistics, Administration and Accounts discipline. The Head
Quarter also has a Technical Library and S&T Laboratory as a back-up support to the organisation. Field organisation has a two tier net work. The
entire country is divided into Six Zones, each under the charge of Deputy Director-General. There are three to four Regional offices under each
zonal office. Each Region is under the charge of Director of Mines safety. There are in all 21 such Regional offices. Four sub-regional offices
have also been set up in important areas of concentrated mining activities away from Regional offices. Each of these is under charge of Deputy
Director. Besides having inspecting officers of Mining cadre in each Zone, there are officers of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering and

pational Health disciplines. As on 31.10.2001, DGMS has a total sanctioned strength of 1071 persons with 912 in position as indicated below:

          STRENGTH                      STRENGTH
GROUP-A      177                            136
GROUP-B                106                   94

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GROUP-C                 505                   449
GROUP-D                 283                   233
TOTAL                  1071                   912


14.46 Trend in fatal accidents and serious accidents in both coal as well as non-coal mine is more or less decreasing (Table 14.8). Cause-wise
distribution of fatal accidents is also given in Table 14.9 and Table 14.10 with respect to coal and metalliferous mines. Fall of roof and sides
remained the biggest contributor to fatal accidents in coalmines, followed by Dumpers and Trucks. The latter group had the largest share of fatal
accidents in metalliferous mines.

                                                                                                                                        Table 14.8
                                                          Trend of Accidents in Mines
       Year         Number of Accidents in Coal Mines                      Number of Accidents in Non- Coal Mines*
                     Fatal        Serious          Total           Fatal            Serious                 Total
     1995            137            757             894              66               268                    334
     1996            131            677             808              72               263                    335
     1997            143            677             820              70               265                    335
     1998            128            523             651              56               254                    310
     1999            127            595             722              61               230                    291
     2000            118            642             760              50               178                    228
     2001            113            487             600              79               154                    233
Note: Figures of 2000 & 2001 are provisional. * - includes accidents in oil mines also.
       Figures for 2001 are projections based on January – September data.

To arrest the number of accidents the Directorate-General of Mines Safety has taken various measures.


14.47 With a view to ensure enforcement of necessary safety measures in mines:

The inspections are carried out by the inspecting officers.

Apart from inspecting coal, Metalliferous and oil mines DGMS also undertakes investigation into all fatal accidents, certain serious accidents and
dangerous occurrences and makes recommendations for remedial measures to prevent recurrence of similar mishaps

                                                                                                                     Table 14.9

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                                        Trend of Accidents in Coal Mines – Cause wise
       Causes                        Number of Fatal Accidents                      Number of Serious Accidents
                        1996       1997 1998 1999          2000 2001 1996         1997 1998 1999           2000          2001
Fall of Roof             34         38     35       33      26      31      55      53     48       55      42            20
Fall of Sides            9          12     15       11      15      11      40      37     29       23      42            36
Other Ground             0           1      0        4       2       0       1       0      0        2       1             0
Winding in Shafts        0           3        3       3      2       1         0       6       1         3          2     3
Rope Haulage             14         21       18       12     8      12       121     124      109      117         99    97
Dumpers, Trucks,         27         24       20       20    30      24        35      28      30        49         41    20
 Other                   10         5         3       7      3       1       16        9       13      13          16    25
Non-Transportation       11         7        11       6      9       9       38       38       36      30          45    31
Explosives               1           4        4        5     1       0        16      16       6         6          4     4
Electricity              4           7        5        7     3       5         8       2       7         5          5     4
Gas, Dust, Fire, etc.    4           4        2        1     5       0         0       2       1         0          1     0
Fall of Persons          10         12        7        10    9       7       139     166      142      142         157   143
Fall of Objects          4           3        2        2     2       1       120     116      59        70         86    68
Other Causes             3           2        3        6     3      11        88      80      42        80         101   36
         Total          131        143       128      127   118     113      677     677      523      595         642   487

Note: Data for 2000 & 2001 are provisional.
    Figures for 2001 are projections based on January-September data.

Table 14.10
                                               Trend of Accidents in Metalliferous Mines – Cause wise
         Causes                      Number of Fatal Accidents                      Number of Serious Accidents
                          1996      1997 1998 1999 2000 2001              1996     1997    1998    1999    2000           2001
Fall of Roof                2         3    2       2       1      0        4        3       2        2      1              0
Fall of Sides              10         8    7       8       10     9        2        5       0        3      1              0
Other Ground                4         4    1       0       0      1        0        0       0        0      0              0
Winding in Shafts              0         1     1       0    0       0         0         0        2        2         1      0
Rope Haulage                   0         1     0       0    0       0         4         2        3        5         2      5
Dumpers, Trucks, etc.         19        22    13       15   14      23       13        15       21       10        12      9
Other Transportation           3         0     3       1    3       4         7        10        9       12         1      3
Non-Transportation            6          3        5    6     3      7        29        16       23       22        18     15
Explosives                     2         6     3       7    6       8         6        1         1        5         0      0
Electricity                    3         4     3       4    2       3         2        0         2        2         1      0
Gas, Dust, Fire, etc.          1         0     1       0    1       1         0        1         0        0         0      1
Fall of Persons                6         8     7       10   5       8        42       43        41       32        25     25
Fall of Objects                2         6     3       4    2       4        60       88        64       57        32     47
Other Causes                   5         2     1       2    2       3        66       62        66       55        58     31
          Total               63        68    50       59   49      71      235       246      234      207        152   136

Note: Data for the years 2000 & 2001 are provisional. Figures for 2001 are projections based on Jan.-Sept. data.

The details of accident on financial year basis from 1995–1996 to 2000-2001 are shown in Table 14.10A.

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                                                                                                                                   Table 14.10A
                                                   Accidents and resultant casualties in mines
                                                 Coal                                                       Non-Coal
         Year                   Fatal Accident            Serious Accident                Fatal Accident                  Serious Accident
                          Acc       Killed     Inj        Acc           Inj        Acc        Killed        Inj          Acc            Inj
        1995-96           150         233      29         738          763          70          76           6           277           282
        1996-97           130         150      12         697          720          65          74          13           266           275
        1997-98           130         145      23         622          650          73          79          15           252           255
        1998-99           124         139      22         521          541          52          62          13           253           256
      1999-2000*          130         148      23         578          608          62          77          14           218           228
      2000-2001*          111         164      19         631          651          55          57           3           163           167
      2001-2002#          122         150      21         577          600          56          65          10           211           217

* Data are provisional
# Data are provisional & are projections based on Apr-Sept.2001 data.

The trend in fatal accidents and fatality rate per 1000 persons employed on 10-yearly average basis from the year 1951 to 2000 is shown in the
following table.

Table No. 14.10B
    Trend in Fatal Accidents and Fatality Rates per 1000 Persons Employed (Ten Yearly
     Year                  Coal Mines                           Non coal Mines
                 Avg.   Acc.    Avg.      Death    Avg.     Acc. Rate Avg.     Death Rate
                 Acc    Rate    Killed Rate        Acc                Killed
1951-60          222    0.61    295       0.82     64       0.27      81       0.34
1961-70          202    0.48    260       0.62     72       0.28      85       0.33
1971-80          187    0.46    264       0.55     66       0.27      74       0.30
1981-90          164    0.30    185       0.34     65       0.27      73       0.31
1991-2000*       140    0.27    170       0.33     65       0.31      77       0.36
* Data are provisional.

·      Power under section 22 and 22A of the Mines Act, 1952, Regulation 103 of Coal Mines Regulations, 1957 and Regulation 108 of
Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961 has been vested with DGMS to issue improvement notices and prohibitory orders to restrict or prohibit
employment of persons in mines or part of mines

·             During the period April 2001 to October 2001, 75 notices & 67 orders were issued in coal mines and 23 notices & 53 orders were
issued in non-coal mines.

·            The number of inspections and inquiries carried out from the year 1987 onwards are shown in Table 14.11

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                                                                                                   Table 14.11
Number of Inspections and Inquiries
                           No. of Inspections                           No. of Inquiries
Year           Coal        Metal     Oil     Total          Coal        Metal     Oil     Total    Grand Total
1987                  4688     3569      118         8375          1118       507      51     1676       10051
1988                  5052     3451       85         8588          1159       413      17     1589       10177
1989                  5829     3313      145         9287          1193       399      26     1618       10905
1990                  6069     3424      160         9653          1107       480      61     1648       11301
1991                  5838     3846      258         9942          1063       521     102     1686       11628
1992                  5598     4063      313         9974          1233       533      59     1825       11799
1993                  5766     3953      262         9981          1227       463      57     1747       11728
1994                  5625     3345      213         9183          1346       539      25     1910       11093
1995                  5461     3206      181         8848          1102       396      21     1519       10367
1996                  5525     2491      226         8242          1105       330      50     1485        9727
1997                  4563     2404      189         7156          1157       406      34     1597        8753
1998                  4752     2539      166         7457          1127       398      29     1554        9011
1999                  6106     3061      198         9365          1319       483      26     1828       11193
2000                  5642     3614      245         9501          1163       325      17     1514       11015
2001*                 4051     1909      147         6107           792       277      20     1089        7196

*Figures for 2001 are provisional and upto September only.


14.48 The DGMS issues circulars to the mining industry on occupational safety and health matters, which may have wide implications. During
the period April to September 2001 two general circulars and ten technical circulars were issued to the mining industry.

14.49 To ensure that only competent
persons are appointed as mine managers surveyors, overman, foreman etc. the DGMS on behalf of the Board of Mining Examinations constituted
under the Coal Mines Regulation, 1957 and the Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961, conducts examinations and issues certificates of
competency. Details of competency certificates issued during the period from April 2001 to October 2001 have been given in Table 14.12.

                                                                                                                                   Table 14.12
Certificate of Competency issued during April to October, 2001
                                                                                    Candidates passed under
Category of certificates of              Coal Mines Regulations, 1957                      Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961
Manager                                                              78                                             135
Surveyor                                                             65                                              18
Overman/Foreman                                                     257                                             100
Sirdar/Mate                                                         181                                             172
Shotfirer/Blaster                                                     -                                              64
Winding Engine Driver                                                 1                                              16
Gas-testing                                                         687                                               -

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    14.50 In the year 1983 the National Safety Awards for mines were instituted with 1982 as the contest year. The scheme is designed to give
recognition at the national level for outstanding safety performances in mines covered under the Mines Act, 1952. The awards are given every
year. Awards for the year 1999 have been distributed by the Hon’ble Union Labour Minister at New Delhi in a function held on 28th March,
2001. The award for the year 2000 will be given by 31st March, 2002.


    14.51 With a view to keeping the technical and professional competence of the inspecting officers updated and backing the
regulatory, enforcemental, advisory and the promotional roles of the Directorate-General of Mines Safety, special attention is being paid to
the following areas:


14.52 The S&T Support services aim at providing in-house scientific support to the officers of DGMS in discharge of their regulatory and
enforcemental role. It also provides scientific support and advise to mine operators, workers organisation and other institutions concerned with
occupational health and safety matters. The activities of the S&T plan scheme covers a wide cross-section of facets of occupational safety and
health including occupational hygiene/health, strata control, mine ventilation, mine gases, fires and explosion, mining techniques, mine
mechanisation, oil and opencast mines safety, standard setting and policy planning.

The support activities are broadly divided into three categories:

(A)          Planned support:

Plan support is provided to field offices on:

-        a current issue which has emerged into an enforcemental problem;
-        an enforcemental strategy calling for development of monitoring equipment or techniques; and
-        monitoring of quality assurance of external organisations in sampling, pre-approval testing and other similar activities.

These activities are selected on merit, including improvement of efficiency and
safety and future needs.

(B)         Reactive support:

Reactive support is provided in response to demands from field offices in areas where:

-   in-house assessment and analysis of a problem leads to better understanding of enforcemental problem and helps in determining
enforcemental strategy; and
    -           support is required on a technical problem without referring to external agency;

(C) Testing Services:

    This service is provided to the field offices as a sample check on quality control standards and in emergency response situation.

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Major Programmes:

The major programmes of the S&T plan scheme includes:
-                formulation of support design based on geo-mechanical classification system (Rock Mass Rating);
-                fire hazards and effective control standardisation of techniques for monitoring and control;

-                standardisation of techniques for monitoring and control of occupational hazards;
-                standardisation of medical examination and information on surveillance of occupational diseases;
-                assessment of hazards due to introduction of new mining technology; and
-                assessment of hazards associated with mine mechanisation and standardisation of monitoring techniques and control measures.

Major Programmes undertaken during the year:-

Planned Support:

Planned support was provided to the field offices in the following areas;

Occupational Safety:

(a)            Monitoring of implementation of the Technical Standards on Support System in Board and Pillar workings.
(b)            Review of standards on stability of multi-seam workings.

(c)            Review of standards on detection, control, dealing with and protective measures against fire and revision of standards/guide-lines.
(d)            Assessment of hazards associated with mine mechanisation and standardisation of monitoring techniques and control measures.
(i)             Standardisation of prototype test(s) houses.
(ii)           Standardisation of Ultrasonic Testing Techniques and formulation of Acceptance and Rejection Norms.

Occupational Hygiene and Health:

(a)            Standardisation of techniques for monitoring and control of occupational hazards.
(b)            Review of standards of medical examinations.
(c)            Review and standardisation of pro-cedures for surveillance of occu-pational disease already established.

Reactive Support & Testing Services:

Reactive support and Testing Services as were provided to field offices during the year are presented along with Planned Support in Table No.

                        Table 14.13
                                                               Targets and Achievements.

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                     Sl.No.                Technological Support Work                       Actual/Projected        Likely to Achieve upto
                                                                                          April, 2001-Dec.2001
                1.               Categorisation of coal Seams for gassiness                      2 seams                         2
                2.               Air borne dust survey                                           2 mines                         4
                3.               Study of blast induced vibration                                4 mines                         5
                4.               Anchorage testing                                               4 mines                         6
                5.               Roof convergence studies                                   1 mine (contd.)                  1 (contd.)
                6.               Subsidence survey                                          1 mine (contd.)                  1 (contd.)
                7.               Surveillance of sealed off area                            2 cases (contd.)                     3
                8.               Review of Medical Exam. Conducted by mine                       5 mines                         6
                9.               Noise level Survey                                             2 mines                          4
                10.              Illumination Survey                                            5 mines                          7


14.53 This activity aims at promoting proper rescue services in mining industry. The scheme envisages critical appraisal of design characteristics
of rescue apparatus and self-rescuers, evaluation of field performance of the same, inquiry into accidents in use of rescue apparatus, inspection of
rescue stations/rescue rooms, organising rescue competitions, monitoring formulation of emergency plan by the management of all under ground
mines and to deal with applications for grant of permissions/approval/relaxation under the Mines Rescue Rules, 1985.

a)            Setting up a testing laboratory for rescue apparatus and self-resuers.

b)             Formulation/amendments of standard/ specifications of rescue apparatus and self rescuers.

c)             Interact with manufacturers and indigenous development of rescue apparatus and their consumables.

d)             Render technical support to the enforcemental wing of DGMS Officers in discharge of their functions under the Mines Rescue Rules,

                                                                                                                                     Table 14.14
                                                                       Physical Targets
                     Sl.                                 Activities.                                           Achievement
                                                                                             Achievement From         Projected From
                     No.                                                                       April 2001 to         November, 2001 to
                                                                                               October,2001            March 2002.
                      1.      Testing of Self Rescuers                                               5                       25
                      2.      Inspection of Rescue                                                   14                         16
                              Stations/Rescue Rooms/Mines.
                      3.      Guiding and conducting rescue competitions                              2                          7
                      4.      Monitoring formulations of emergency plan by mine                       5                          5
                              Grant of Approval/Relaxation under Mines Rescue Rules,
                      5.      1985.                                                                   2             As and when required

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14.54 The objective of the scheme is to establish Mine Safety & Health Academy comprising Training Institute at Dhanbad and Nagpur for
imparting training to DGMS officers in order to upgrade and update their technical and professional competence for enabling them to play their
regulatory, enforcemental and advisory role effectively. The facilities so created would also be utilized for imparting training in mine safety and
occupational health to key safety personnel in mining industry, including managerial personnel, Safety Officers, Ventilation Officers, Industrial
Hygienists, Executive Trainees and Workmen’s Inspectors whose role is complementary to that of DGMS in promoting mine safety and health.

mentation of the scheme started in a modest scale from the beginning of the VIII Plan period, however, due to delay in formulation of the VIII
plan, actual work of implementation of the scheme could start only from 1994-95. Pending creation of posts under the scheme, attention was
paid to develop infrastructure facilities of the “Mines Safety & Health Academy” at Dhanbad and Nagpur. The building for the Academy at
Dhanbad is already available, whereas land has been acquired at Nagpur. At Nagpur, design of the academy office, auditorium and other facilities
have been finalized by CPWD, Nagpur.

14.55 During the year following activities were undertaken at DGMS.

A project for “Training of DGMS officials in mines safety” is being executed in collaboration of Govt. of Australia since June, 1997. The project
was granted an one year extension during which period it was planned to be used as industry examples in India. In October’ 2000, the Indian
project management team visited Australia for review of the results achieved so far in the project along with a visit of DGMS training officer for
exposing him to Australian mining and mine safety practices under the project.


14.56 Study of Mine Accidents to Plan Preventive Measures (SOMA) is an ongoing plan scheme (Old Name - SAPICOM). The main objective
of the scheme is to carry out investigations and analysis of accidents so as to get at the root of the accident causation and come up with
corrective measures which on implementation would improve the safety standards. The scheme is thus essentially an additional effort to
bring about improvement in safety standards in mines.

Achievement: April 2001 – September 2001 :

1. Reports of enquiry into all fatal accidents were scrutinised. Causes and circumstances leading to these accidents were compiled for inclusion
in DGMS Annual Reports.
2. Fresh data for the period 1996-2000 have been collected from eleven coal companies namely; BCCL, CCL, ECL, SECL, MCL, NCL, SCCL,
WCL, TISCO, IISCO & NLC and a new set of accident prone mines have been identified in respect of each individual companies after analysis.
Follow up action on the mines identified earlier as accident prone have been taken.
3. Work in respect of identification of accident prone mines amongst all belowground Metalliferous mine is on the verge of completion.
4. Work of collection, compilation and analysis of accident data in respect of fall of roof , fall of sides, wheeled trackless transportation
machinery and haulage accidents in coal mines upto the year 1996 have been completed in order to identify critical causation of such type
of accidents and to find out probable corrective measures to ensure prevention. The findings would be disseminated to the industry through
technical circulars.
5. DGMS Annual Report – 1999 - has been published.
6. Standard Notes on DGMS as on 1.1.2001 has been published.
7. One number of technical circular has been issued to the industry. Three Technical Instructions on different subjects were issued to technical
officers of DGMS.

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Projection : October 2001 to March 2002

1.        Standard Note on DGMS as on 1.1.2002.
2.        Compilation of DGMS Annual Report – 2000.
3.        Collection, compilation and analysis of accident-prone mine in respect of coal and non-coal mines.

4.        Procurement of hardware and softwares.


14.57 This activity was taken up to render statistical support to the D.G.M.S. for effective administration of the Mines Act, 1952 and to monitor
work activities of the inspecting officers. It facilitates programming of inspectors for effective utilisation of resources.

Compilation of statements for the DGMS annual publications "Statistics of Mines in India" Vol. I (Coal) & Vol. II (Non Coal) for

the year 2000 is under progress and the manuscripts are likely to be ready for printing by March 2002. The bulletin "Monthly Review of
Accidents" is also brought out regularly to reflect the trend in accidents on month to month basis.


14.58 Several officers were deputed for training in important areas such as administrative and financial matters and technical aspects of
mining methodology etc. The details of such trainings during the period April, 2001 to October, 2001 are given in Table 14.15.

Table 14.15
                                                              Training of DGMS Officers
Sl. No.                               Course                            Venue                             Date                 No. of Officers
1.                   Coal Bed Methane                         U.S.A                        13.7.2001 to 20.7.2001                     2

2.                   Mine Safety and Health                   U.S.A                        18.10.2001 to 2.11.2001                    9

3.                   Cash and Accounts                        New Delhi                    8.8.2001 to 10.8.2001                      1

4.                   Non-Destructive Test Ultrasonic Level Calcutta                        24.9.2001 to 30.9.2001                     1

5.                   Avts Training Calendar for the year      Calcutta                     20.8.2001 to 30.8.2001                     1

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Seminar/Symposium/Conference/Workshop etc. attended by the officers during the period from April, 2001 to October, 2001 are given in Table

Table 14.16
                          Details of seminars, symposium, workshops and conferences etc.
      Sl. No.        Name of the Seminars etc.           Venue              Duration             No. of officers
1.               Workshop on Industrial Ergonomics. CLI, Mumbai          21.5.2001 to                   1
                 Application for Safety Health &                         25.5.2001
                 Productivity at work.

2.               Industrial Heat: Its Evaluation &     CLI, Mumbai       19.6.2001 to                   2
                 control for safety                                      22.6.2001

3.               Indian Association of Occupational DGMS, Dhanbad.       16.4.2001 to                   1
                 Health                                                  19.4.2001

4.               Recent trends in accident prevention IIT, Kharagpur.    18.9.2001 to                   2
                 and safety management in mines                          21.9.2001

5.               4th Indian Conference on coal mine Godavari Khani, SCCL 3.6.2001 to                    6
                 surveying and preparation of plans,                     24.6.2001
                 current status and agenda for future

6.               14th All India Official Language and Shantiniketan      2-10-2001 to                   1

7.               Theory and practices of Ground        CMRI, Dhanbad.    17.9.2001 to                   4
                 Control in Bord and Pillar Mining                       21.9.2001

8.               Workshop on Presentation Skill        ISPM, New Delhi   20.6.2001 to                   2

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The following permissions to present articles, publish papers, etc. to various seminars were granted.

Sl. No.           Name of the Seminars etc.                    Venue               Duration             No. of officers
1.         Tenth International Symposium on mine New Delhi                 19.11.2001 to                       1
           planning and equipment selection/                               21.11.2001
           “Stability assessment and support design
           for Longwall gateroad development in
           distressed zone.”
2.         International conference on Mechanisation Calcutta              26.7.2001 to 28.7.2001              1
           & Automation Conference/ “Management
           of Mechanised Under ground Coal mine”
3.         National Seminar on mine ventilation,     CMRI, Dhanbad.        29.11.2001 to                       1
           safety & environment/ “Strata Control                           30.11.2001
           Monitoring- An important Tool for
           improving safety in coal mines.”
4.         ICCMS-2001/ “Integrated emergency         Godavari Khani,       23.7.2001 to 24.7.2001              1
           response system- An aid to assess danger
           of Inundation in Coal mines.              SCCL.
5.         Accuracy of Mine Plans – Role of          Godavari Khani,       23.7.2001 to 24.7.2001              1
           Managers on Coal mine Surveying.
6.         Deep (Long) Hole Blasting to induce       Bhubaneshwar.         17.8.2001 to 18.8.2001              1
           caving in Longwall Panel – A Strata
           Control Technique.
7.         International Symposium on mine           New Delhi.            19.112001 to                        3
           planning and Equipment Selection.                               21.11.2001
8.         OIL & LUBRICANTS – Latest Trends in Bhubaneshwar.               28.9.2001 to 29.9.2001              3
           Maintenance Engineering.
9.         Disaster Management.                      CMRI, Dhanbad.        29.11.2001 to                       1

     DGMS: 100 years in the service of the nation

14.59 DGMS will complete the first 100 years of its existence on 7th January 2002. Celebration of one’s centenary year is a rare distinction: only a
few Government departments have enjoyed this and DGMS is fortunate indeed to witness the same. Given the historic and revolutionary role of
DGMS in the annals of mine safety in India, the year is not only a time for celebration but for reckoning and introspection. These hundred years of
state intervention in safety and health of mine workers began with the promulgation of the first Mines Act in 1901. This piece of skeleton
legislation came into being in the wake of disasters in coal and gold mines. Beginning as the Bureau of Mines Inspection in 1902, the DGMS
gradually expanded in its role and functions. From inspections and enquiries it moved on to development of safety standards, enquiries into
occupational health, permissions and approval of equipment, and ensuring appointment of competent persons in the mining industry. A solid
body of technical know-how on mine safety was built up through in-house S&T efforts, observations during inspections and enquiries and
interaction with CMRI and other institutes. Through a many-pronged approach of enforcement, legislative change, emergency responses and

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promotion of safety awareness, a sustained thrust on strengthening of mines safety was maintained. As a result of this thrust, the manifold growth
of the mining industry in the last century was accompanied by a steady decline in fatality rates, especially since the 1950’s. Much, however, still
remains to be done. Committees which have studied the functioning of DGMS have recommended its strengthening by sanction of additional
manpower. Occupational health surveillance has still a long way to go. The goal of zero accidents is also yet to be reached. Today, standing on
the threshold of a new era in global
cooperation, it is necessary to reaffirm our commitment to the health and safety of the mine workers, who are our basic and most valuable
resource. The following events had taken place during the convenary year celebration :

(i)           The first day to mark the Centenary Year of the DGMS founding was held on 7.1.2001 at Dhanbad. The celebration day was
marked with a lecture delivered by Dr. R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister. The function was attended by the
then Minister of Labour Dr. Satyanarayan Jatiya, Minister of State for Human Resource Development, Prof. Rita Verma and Minister of Labour
in the Jharkhand State Govt. besides other dignitaries.
(ii)         DGMS Logo was released during the above function by the then Union Labour Minister.
(iii)       During the year, two days seminar on Mines Safety were organised in each Zone of the DGMS; namely at Ajmer in North Zone,
Bhubaneshwar in South Eastern Zone, Sitarampur in Eastern Zone, Chennai in Southern Zone, Nagpur in Western Zone and at Dhanbad in
Central Zone.
(iv)        A full page supplement on DGMS was published in National Dailies and Regional News Papers all over the country on 7.1.2002.
(v)          Compendium on Mines Safety was published.
(vi)        A video film on Mines Safety was made
(vii)       Number of technical manuals on DGMS were prepared and released on 7.1.2002.
(viii)       The Closing of the Centenary Celebrations were held at Dhanbad on 7.1.2002. It was attended by the Hon’ble Minister of State for
Labour & Employment Shri Muni Lall, Minister of State for Human Resource Development Prof. Rita Verma, and Shri P.N. Singh, Minister of
Industries, Jharkhand State Govt. besides other top mining dignitaries and trade union leaders.
(ix)   A commemorative postage stamp on DGMS was released by the Chief Post Master General, Jharkhand State, Ranchi. The blow up of
stamp was unveiled by the Hon’ble Minister of State for Labour & Employment Shri Muni Lall.

National Safety Council

14.60 The main objective of the National Safety Council (NSC), an autonomous and self-supporting national level institution is to generate,
develop and sustain a voluntary movement of safety, health and environment at the national level. To achieve this objective, NSC conducts a
variety of educational, training, promotional and consultancy activities, dissermination of information, offering technical advice on accident
preventation, etc. It regularly brings out Industrial Safety Chronicle (quarterly), Industrial Safety News (bi-monthly), safety publications and
promotional materials such as technical manuals, booklets, posters, stickers, instructions cards, safe practice pamphlets, etc.

The highlights of NSC's activities for the period under report are as follows:

        Representation on Working Group on OHS constituted by The Planning Commission

14.61 Director General, NSC was appointed as a Member of the Working Group on Occupational, Health and Safety constituted by the Planning
Commission, Government of India in April 2001 under the chairmanship of the Secretary (Labour) for preparation of the 10th Five-Year Plan
Report. NSC submitted three approach papers covering Unorganised Sector (covering construction, shops & establishments, agriculture,
homework etc.) and Industry and Port Sectors, which were appreciated by the members of the working group, besides participation in the
Sub-working Group and Working Group meetings held in June/July 2001. Also NSC prepared a report on the Unorgranised Sector and associated
with the preparation of the Report on the Mining, Industry & Ports Sectors and Unorganised Sector.

Secretary (Labour) Reviews NSC Activities

14.62 Shri Vinod Vaish, Secretary, Ministry of Labour, Government of India visited the NSC on 13th July, 2001 for reviewing its activities. On
this occasion a brief presentation on NSC activities was made and a special exhibition of publications and safety promotional material was put up.
He appreciated the contribution made by NSC.

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       Participation of DG, NSC under Meet the Scientist Programme of Govt. of Tripura

14.63 On invitation from the Government of Tripura, Director General participated in the “Meet the Scientist Programme” of the Tripura State
Council for Science and Technology in August 2001 and delivered Lecture on Safety and Disaster Management and interacted with senior
government officials and planners, academicians from engineering college and polytechnic, industrialists, entrepreneurs and worker’s

       NSC - UNEP TransAPELL Demonstration Project

14.64 As a co-ordinator of the TransAPELL project on Emergency Preparedness and Response in Transportation of Hazardous Chemicals in the
Chembur - Mahul area (Mumbai), NSC developed a 1-day Training Module on 'HAZMAT Response by Police' for inclusion in the syllabus for
the training programmes of the Traffic Police Training Institute, Mumbai, as recommended by the Workshop conducted in June 2000. NSC
arranged a meeting with Dr. Ernst Goldschmitt, Senior Industry Consultant of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Senior
Officials of District Collectorate, Directorate of Industrial Safety & Health, MARG Members of Chembur area, Indian Chemical Manufacturers
Association (ICMA) and General Insurance Corporation (GIC) on the proposed Demonstration Project. Accordingly, an MoU will be signed
shortly between NSC and UNEP. The MoU envisages approval of the off-site Emergency Plan by the District Crisis Group, wide circulation of
the Plan among the members of Local Crisis Group and MARG, Transporters and Local Community Groups, and carrying out drill of the off-site
Emergency Plan. The experience of this Project will be used in other high-risk local areas across the country to strengthen chemical emergency

       Member of the Expert Committee on Mumbai Disaster Management Plan

14.65 At the request of the Government of Maharashtra, Director General served as a Member of the Expert Committee constituted by the
Maharashtra Emergency and Earthquake Rehabilitation Programme and provided guidelines and technical expertise in developing the
Maharashtra Disaster Management Plan.

       Chairing Technical Session in the International Seminar on Mumbai Disaster Management Plan

14.66 Recoginsing the rich experience and expertise of NSC in the field of disaster management, Director General was invited to Chair a
technical session on "Man-made Disasters and Sustainable Development" in the international seminar on 'Mumbai Disaster Management Plan'
jointly organised by the Bombay Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Government of Maharashtra, Bruhan Mumbai Municipal Corporation and
IIT, Mumbai on 11-12 May 2001.


14.67 Being a major player in safety auditing and risk assessment in the country, NSC adopted a strategy of developing multi-audit teams and
carried out 24 safety audit assignments covering various types of organisations such as chemical and chemical products, agrochemicals,
glass-fibre, power generation, confectionery, petrochemicals, cement, petroleum & gas, engineering, water works, etc.


14.68 Training being one of its core activities, NSC continued to lay emphasis on designing and developing training courses on HSE related
subjects as per the changing needs of industry and professionals. During the period under report, NSC conducted 23 training courses /
programmes for 1,031 participants for various categories of personnel from industry and enforcement officials from State Pollution Control
Boards and Inspectorates of Factories.

The details are given in the following Table.

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Table: Details of Training Courses/Programmes
 Sr. No.                          Course/Programmes                    No. of Courses No. of
                Specialised Training Courses (at the national level)
           1 National Workshop on Hazardous Waste Management
                                                                                     2            112

           2 Electrical Safety                                                       2                83
           3 Safety Audit                                                            1                35
           4 National Workshop on Safety at Construction Site                        1                46
           5 Risk Assessment in Industry                                             1                24
           6 Fire Prevention & Protection in Industry and Business
                                                                                     1                30
           7 Industrial Safety for Trade Union Representatives /
                                                                                     1                52
             Workers-Members of Safety Committees
           8 Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems                       1                36
           9 Safety in Material Handling                                             1                26

    II         Need-based In-Plant Training                                        12            587
               Programmes (at the unit level)

                                          Total                                    23           1,031


a.        Asia Pacific Occupational Safety & Health Organisation (APOSHO)- 17th Annual Meeting and Conference:

14.69 Being a founder-member of APOSHO, NSC has been actively contributing to develop co-operation on HSE issues among its member
countries. APOSHO has a membership of 29 organisations from 23 countries including NSC India.

The APOSHO-17 Conference and Annual Meeting was hosted by the Chinese Taipei Industrial Safety & Health Association in Taipei, Taiwan
from 24 to 29 September, 2001. Shri O.P. Aghi Vice-Chairman representing Trade Unions and Director General Shri K.C.Gupta participated.
Besides their participation and contribution in deliberations in the meetings, Director General delivered a Keynote Address on "Disaster
Management Strategies for Developing Countries - Indian Experience".

b.       Co-operation between NSC and UNEP:

14.70 The co-operation between NSC and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Paris is continued. NSC has been playing active
role in the APELL-LAMP process implemented in the country. UNEP therefore invited Director General, National Safety Council to participate
in a meeting of the APELL Informal Consultative Group held on 6th November in Paris to review the work being done, to develop projects and
plan activities for the next two years. He also participated in the meeting of the Core Group of the Advisory Group on Environmental
Emergencies held on 5th November.

c.        International Co-operation between NSC and JISHA:

14.71 The active collaboration of NSC with Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association (JISHA) has been continued since July 1999. As part
of this collaboration a 3-member Team led by Mr. Seizo Sakuta, Director General, Japan Construction Safety and Health Association visited NSC
as part of their Mission for Curriculum Development for Construction Safety Management Course. The team had extensive discussions with

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Director General and other senior officers and visited a few construction sites in Mumbai. Also during the period under review, five professionals
from industry were deputed for participation in the 3-week seminars conducted by JICOSH (Japan International Center for Occupational Safety
and Health) in Tokyo, Japan. The themes of the seminars are: safety management, safety in lifting appliances, safe operation of boilers, and
management of safety and health in construction industry.


a.        National Safety Day/Week:

14.72 The 30th National Safety Day/Week campaign spearheaded by NSC was celebrated all over the country in March, 2001(commencing 4th
March being NSC's Foundation Day) on a large scale with the support of the Union Ministry of Labour. NSC developed a variety of safety
promotional material and utility articles with safety messages for this purpose.

b.        Fire Services Day and World Environment Day:

14.73 The Fire Services Day on 14th April and the World Environment Day on 5th June were celebrated by the industry on the initiative of NSC.
Special information packages on these two respective themes were brought out for the use by the industry.

           Projected Future Activities
(1st December 2001 to 31st March 2002)

a.        10th National Conference:

14.74 In the series of National Conferences, NSC has scheduled its 10th Conference from 9th to 11th April, 2002 in New Delhi on the theme of
HSE Challenges in the Era of Globalisation. As the title suggests, the Conference will focus on emerging challenges in the field of HSE in the
context of globalisation. It will provide to the delegates a unique opportunity and platform for deliberations on relevant HSE issues. The
Conference will have 3 plenary and 12 concurrent sessions. To mark this event, a concurrent exhibition of HSE equipment, services and
publications will be organised and a Special Conference Number of the NSC's Industrial Safety Chronicle will be brought out.

b.     National Safety Calendar - 2002:

14.75 To support the awareness and educational programme on HSE a multi-coloured eight-sheet National Safety Calendar - 2002 being designed
by Mr. Mario - De - Miranda, the renowned cartoonist, depicting important topical aspects of safety and health at work, environmental protection
and road safety as well as an information sheet on "Fireworks Safety" is being brought out. Over two lakh copies will be distributed among the
member organisations and patrons in the country and abroad by the end of December 2001.

c.        HSE Diary - 2002:

14.76 The HSE Diary for 2002 containing statutory information on various key subjects in the areas of safety, health and environmental protection
and other related aspects besides the date-pad is under print. Over 13,000 copies will be distributed among member organisations, institutions, and
patrons in the country and abroad by the end of this year.

d.     Training :

14.77 The following training programmes are scheduled to be conducted:

-          HAZOP Study
-          Statutory Requirements Pertaining to Occupational Safety and Health.

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-        Major Accident Hazards Control
-        Environmental Legislation in India
-        Hazardous Waste Management
-        Safety Audit
-        Testing and Reviewing of Emergency Plans
-        Environmental Management System

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Description: Industrial Safety Essay document sample