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					Carbon Footprint
   Progress report
   09 March 2010
      Town House hotel
                      Background
•   Director Information
    Management was tasked to
    calculate the carbon footprint
    of the department

•   The methodology for
    calculating the carbon footprint
    was presented and approved
    at a management meeting on
    23 February 2009

•   It was decided that a staff
    commuting survey should form
    part of the footprint
    calculations
                  Progress to date
•   Followed existing protocols or standards for the
    calculation of the footprint.

•   Developed templates and scripts in MS Excel.

•   Sourced activity information and calculated
    carbon emissions associated with these activities.

•   Conducted a staff commuting survey

•   All calculations completed end July 2009

•   Draft report completed August 2009

•   Draft report presented to top Management on 5
    October 2009
Step-by-step process                                   •Secure management support
                                          Assign       •Establish a team
                                        resources      •Prepare a budget




                            PLAN
                                                       •Define inventory boundaries
                                      Design GHG       •Determine sources of emissions
                                       inventory       •Factor in emissions from leased assets
Improvement and iteration

                                                       •Design efficient data management system
                            DEVELOP    Collect data    •Select a base year
                                                       •Obtain data –
                                                       •Ensure data quality

                                        Calculate      •Apply/adapt calculation tools
                                        emissions      •Guard against calculation errors



                                                       •Identify emission reduction opportunities
                                        Set target     •Decide on target type
                            MANAGE




                                                       •Decide on target level

                                         Reduce        •Implement emission reduction activities
                                        emissions

                                      Report results
  GHG emissions for DEAT
Scope 1 – direct emissions
   Emissions from GG vehicles, subsidised vehicles, ships (SA Agulhas,
   research vessels) etc.
   Emissions during use of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.

Scope 2 – indirect emissions - electricity
   Emissions from electricity consumption (Eskom).

Scope 3 – indirect emissions
   Business travel by plane, car (rentals), shuttle service.
   Employee commuting.
   Other business travel (for example claims for use of own vehicle).
   Fugitive emissions (leakage from air conditioning systems).
   Other scope 3 emissions such as computers, paper consumption, waste
   etc.
  The report has 3 goals
                              1
                        to provide a
                       todetailed a
                           provide
                      analysis of the
                          detailed
                           carbon
                                 of the
                     analysisof the
                      footprint
                    carbon footprint
                        department
                        of the
                      department
       2
  to serve as a                                3
planning tool for                         to serve as a
  reducing the                              model for
  department’s                                other
 environmental                             government
     impacts                              departments
              Report outline
• Chapter 1: Setting the scene
• Chapter 2: Methodology
• Chapter 3: Scope 1 emissions
• Chapter 4: Scope 2 electricity emissions
• Chapter 5: Scope 3 emissions
• Chapter 6: Total emissions & comparison with JSE top
  100 companies
• Chapter 7: Emission reduction options & targets
• Chapter 8: Offsetting & recommendations
                                            Minister
                                                                                  CD: Ministry
   Included in audit
                                                       Deputy Minister
   Some sections/activities excluded


                                         Department of                        Unit
                                       Environmental Affairs         Chief Financial Officer
                                           and Tourism

         Office of the                                           Internal Audit
    Chief Operating Officer




 Branch            Branch             Branch          Branch         Branch                 Unit
Corporate          Tourism         Environmental    Marine and     Biodiversity       Specialist Unit
 Affairs                            Quality and       Coastal          and             International
                                    Protection      Management    Conservation         Cooperation



                                                                                  Approved 17 March 2008
Distances travelled by DEAT
      during 2008/09
Shuttle service: 133,865                  Subsidized vehicles: 801,506 km
   3 times around the earth                   20 times around the earth


SMS: 172,028 km                           Staff commuting: 7.7 million km
   4 times around the earth                   192 times around the earth
                                              20 times to the moon

GG vehicles: 257,160 km
   6 times around the earth               Travel by plane: 15,9 million km
                                              396 times around the earth
                                              41 times to the moon
Car rental: 507,787 km
   12 times around the earth



                          More than 10,000 flights undertaken in 2008/09
                          More than 10,000 flights undertaken in 2008/09
   Other consumption figures
  Antarctic programme:
  2.5 million liters of fuel




  Electricity usage:
  14,3 million kWh costing
  R 6.3 million


  Paper usage:
8 million sheets of paper
Electricity
Air travel
Staff commuting




           1,008.51 tons of CO2
61% - 20 km
91% - 50 km
Subsidized vehicles
Paper
SMS vehicles


       Km claimed: 172,028
    DEAT total carbon footprint
Source                      Tons CO2e           % of total
Electricity                       13,673.16                   55.62
Antarctic programme                7,456.69                   30.33
Business travel                    2,246.69                    9.14
Air conditioning/fridges/           100.37                     0.41
Computers                               56.12                  0.23
Office paper                            41.38                  0.17
Staff commuting                    1,008.51                    4.10
TOTAL                             24,582.69                  100.00
Vessels (2009)




           Total = 17,908 tons of CO2
DEAT versus JSE top 100
Emission reduction options
Travel less often

Switch to renewable energy

Introduce hybrid vehicles

Use less paper

Develop & implement a green
procurement plan

Keep better records
                   Emission Targets
•   In setting a reduction target for the department, consideration should be given to
    what is practically achievable, considering also the emissions profile of the
    department.

•   While emissions from electricity consumption are the biggest contributor to the
    department’s carbon footprint, emissions from business travel by plane is clearly
    significant and presents opportunities for emission reduction.

•   Likewise, reduction targets set for emissions from subsidized vehicles, and
    emissions from GG vehicles, are more likely to succeed and will have a bigger
    impact in the short to medium term than reduction targets for emissions from computers
    or paper.

•   Setting and achieving reduction targets for emissions associated with staff
    commuting may be difficult.

•   Some emissions sources are interrelated. For example, domestic business travel by
    plane in most cases will require the use of rental vehicles. Setting reductions targets for
    plane travel will have the knock-on effect of reducing business travel using rented
    vehicles.
           Realistic target for GG vehicles
                                                                  •   Replacing the existing fleet of GG vehicles
                                                                      with smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles can
                                                                      result in a reduction of carbon emissions.
                                                                      The question is however: what is
                                                                      realistically achievable?
                               Green label
                                                                  •   Current total emissions from GG vehicles
                 <100 A
                                                                      are 48.07 tons. Replacing the current fleet
                 101 – 120 B                   Target
Emissions g/km




                                                                      of medium size petrol driven vehicles
                 121 – 150 C                                          with smaller, diesel powered vehicles will
                 151-165       D                                      reduce emissions by 14% to 41.14 tons of
                 166-185           E                                  CO2.
                 186-225               F                Current

                 225+                      G
                                                                  •   Replacing the existing vehicles with a
                                                                      hybrid-type vehicle such as the Toyota
                                                                      Prius or the soon to be released Honda
                                                                      Civic hybrid, effectively changing from a
                                                                      category F to a category B Green Label
                                                                      vehicle, can reduce emissions by 44% to
                                                                      26.74 tons of CO2 .


                                           A realistic reduction target for GG vehicles is 10-15% by 2015
       Realistic target for flights
                                         •   Business travel by plane is responsible
                                             for more than 80% of all business
                                             travel related emissions.
                                         •   Flights are split 53% long distance
                                             (typically international flights), 42%
                                             medium distance and 5% short
                                             distance flights.
Flight emissions can be reduced by 20%
Flight emissions can be reduced by 20%   •   In total, some 10,038 flights were
         by 2015 = 369.32 tons
         by 2015 = 369.32 tons               undertaken in 2008/09.
                                         •   There may be considerable
                                             opportunities for reducing emissions
                                             by:
                                              –   Travelling less often

                                              –   Attending only those international
                                                  meetings that are absolutely necessary

                                              –   Reducing the size of delegations

                                              –   Using video or tele-conferencing instead
                                                  of flying to business meetings
  Proposed emission reduction
            targets

• General targets:
   Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10%
   by 2015 – (2,458 tons of CO2)

    Reduce emissions by 10% per capita by 2015
      Targets continued…
• Targets linked to scopes:
   Electricity – high: 15% of electricity from renewable
   resources by 2020 (represents a reduction of 2
   million kWh and 2,050 tons of CO2 – equivalent to
   power generated by two of the turbines at the Darling
   Wind Farm)

   Electricity – low: Respond to ESKOM’s national
   target of 10% reduction in energy consumption
   (represents 1,364 tons of CO2)
                    Offsets
• Offsetting carbon
  emissions from flights will
  cost R 276,990 per
  annum

• To offset all emissions
  will cost about R 3 million
  per annum
               Recommendations
It is recommended that the department should:
     Now:
       Participate in the Carbon Disclosure Programme.
   Later:
       Decide on a realistic emission reduction target or targets. This may only be
       possible after the second inventory and report has been completed.
       Put policies and procedures in place to commit to the set target or targets.
       Monitor and report on the attainment of the reduction target or targets.
       Only use offsets as a last resort.
       If offsets are to be purchased, give preference to renewable energy and energy
       efficiency projects that are verified under the United Nation’s clean development
       mechanism. Preference should be given to projects in South Africa.
Thank you!

				
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