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Carbon Footprint Progress report 09 March 2010 Town House hotel Background • Director Information Management was tasked to calculate the carbon footprint of the department • The methodology for calculating the carbon footprint was presented and approved at a management meeting on 23 February 2009 • It was decided that a staff commuting survey should form part of the footprint calculations Progress to date • Followed existing protocols or standards for the calculation of the footprint. • Developed templates and scripts in MS Excel. • Sourced activity information and calculated carbon emissions associated with these activities. • Conducted a staff commuting survey • All calculations completed end July 2009 • Draft report completed August 2009 • Draft report presented to top Management on 5 October 2009 Step-by-step process •Secure management support Assign •Establish a team resources •Prepare a budget PLAN •Define inventory boundaries Design GHG •Determine sources of emissions inventory •Factor in emissions from leased assets Improvement and iteration •Design efficient data management system DEVELOP Collect data •Select a base year •Obtain data – •Ensure data quality Calculate •Apply/adapt calculation tools emissions •Guard against calculation errors •Identify emission reduction opportunities Set target •Decide on target type MANAGE •Decide on target level Reduce •Implement emission reduction activities emissions Report results GHG emissions for DEAT Scope 1 – direct emissions Emissions from GG vehicles, subsidised vehicles, ships (SA Agulhas, research vessels) etc. Emissions during use of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. Scope 2 – indirect emissions - electricity Emissions from electricity consumption (Eskom). Scope 3 – indirect emissions Business travel by plane, car (rentals), shuttle service. Employee commuting. Other business travel (for example claims for use of own vehicle). Fugitive emissions (leakage from air conditioning systems). Other scope 3 emissions such as computers, paper consumption, waste etc. The report has 3 goals 1 to provide a todetailed a provide analysis of the detailed carbon of the analysisof the footprint carbon footprint department of the department 2 to serve as a 3 planning tool for to serve as a reducing the model for department’s other environmental government impacts departments Report outline • Chapter 1: Setting the scene • Chapter 2: Methodology • Chapter 3: Scope 1 emissions • Chapter 4: Scope 2 electricity emissions • Chapter 5: Scope 3 emissions • Chapter 6: Total emissions & comparison with JSE top 100 companies • Chapter 7: Emission reduction options & targets • Chapter 8: Offsetting & recommendations Minister CD: Ministry Included in audit Deputy Minister Some sections/activities excluded Department of Unit Environmental Affairs Chief Financial Officer and Tourism Office of the Internal Audit Chief Operating Officer Branch Branch Branch Branch Branch Unit Corporate Tourism Environmental Marine and Biodiversity Specialist Unit Affairs Quality and Coastal and International Protection Management Conservation Cooperation Approved 17 March 2008 Distances travelled by DEAT during 2008/09 Shuttle service: 133,865 Subsidized vehicles: 801,506 km 3 times around the earth 20 times around the earth SMS: 172,028 km Staff commuting: 7.7 million km 4 times around the earth 192 times around the earth 20 times to the moon GG vehicles: 257,160 km 6 times around the earth Travel by plane: 15,9 million km 396 times around the earth 41 times to the moon Car rental: 507,787 km 12 times around the earth More than 10,000 flights undertaken in 2008/09 More than 10,000 flights undertaken in 2008/09 Other consumption figures Antarctic programme: 2.5 million liters of fuel Electricity usage: 14,3 million kWh costing R 6.3 million Paper usage: 8 million sheets of paper Electricity Air travel Staff commuting 1,008.51 tons of CO2 61% - 20 km 91% - 50 km Subsidized vehicles Paper SMS vehicles Km claimed: 172,028 DEAT total carbon footprint Source Tons CO2e % of total Electricity 13,673.16 55.62 Antarctic programme 7,456.69 30.33 Business travel 2,246.69 9.14 Air conditioning/fridges/ 100.37 0.41 Computers 56.12 0.23 Office paper 41.38 0.17 Staff commuting 1,008.51 4.10 TOTAL 24,582.69 100.00 Vessels (2009) Total = 17,908 tons of CO2 DEAT versus JSE top 100 Emission reduction options Travel less often Switch to renewable energy Introduce hybrid vehicles Use less paper Develop & implement a green procurement plan Keep better records Emission Targets • In setting a reduction target for the department, consideration should be given to what is practically achievable, considering also the emissions profile of the department. • While emissions from electricity consumption are the biggest contributor to the department’s carbon footprint, emissions from business travel by plane is clearly significant and presents opportunities for emission reduction. • Likewise, reduction targets set for emissions from subsidized vehicles, and emissions from GG vehicles, are more likely to succeed and will have a bigger impact in the short to medium term than reduction targets for emissions from computers or paper. • Setting and achieving reduction targets for emissions associated with staff commuting may be difficult. • Some emissions sources are interrelated. For example, domestic business travel by plane in most cases will require the use of rental vehicles. Setting reductions targets for plane travel will have the knock-on effect of reducing business travel using rented vehicles. Realistic target for GG vehicles • Replacing the existing fleet of GG vehicles with smaller, more fuel efficient vehicles can result in a reduction of carbon emissions. The question is however: what is realistically achievable? Green label • Current total emissions from GG vehicles <100 A are 48.07 tons. Replacing the current fleet 101 – 120 B Target Emissions g/km of medium size petrol driven vehicles 121 – 150 C with smaller, diesel powered vehicles will 151-165 D reduce emissions by 14% to 41.14 tons of 166-185 E CO2. 186-225 F Current 225+ G • Replacing the existing vehicles with a hybrid-type vehicle such as the Toyota Prius or the soon to be released Honda Civic hybrid, effectively changing from a category F to a category B Green Label vehicle, can reduce emissions by 44% to 26.74 tons of CO2 . A realistic reduction target for GG vehicles is 10-15% by 2015 Realistic target for flights • Business travel by plane is responsible for more than 80% of all business travel related emissions. • Flights are split 53% long distance (typically international flights), 42% medium distance and 5% short distance flights. Flight emissions can be reduced by 20% Flight emissions can be reduced by 20% • In total, some 10,038 flights were by 2015 = 369.32 tons by 2015 = 369.32 tons undertaken in 2008/09. • There may be considerable opportunities for reducing emissions by: – Travelling less often – Attending only those international meetings that are absolutely necessary – Reducing the size of delegations – Using video or tele-conferencing instead of flying to business meetings Proposed emission reduction targets • General targets: Reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 10% by 2015 – (2,458 tons of CO2) Reduce emissions by 10% per capita by 2015 Targets continued… • Targets linked to scopes: Electricity – high: 15% of electricity from renewable resources by 2020 (represents a reduction of 2 million kWh and 2,050 tons of CO2 – equivalent to power generated by two of the turbines at the Darling Wind Farm) Electricity – low: Respond to ESKOM’s national target of 10% reduction in energy consumption (represents 1,364 tons of CO2) Offsets • Offsetting carbon emissions from flights will cost R 276,990 per annum • To offset all emissions will cost about R 3 million per annum Recommendations It is recommended that the department should: Now: Participate in the Carbon Disclosure Programme. Later: Decide on a realistic emission reduction target or targets. This may only be possible after the second inventory and report has been completed. Put policies and procedures in place to commit to the set target or targets. Monitor and report on the attainment of the reduction target or targets. Only use offsets as a last resort. If offsets are to be purchased, give preference to renewable energy and energy efficiency projects that are verified under the United Nation’s clean development mechanism. Preference should be given to projects in South Africa. Thank you!