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					                                                                     Technical Bulletin
                                                                            Ref. Hales Best: 31/07/10




                                                      HALES BEST 36
                                                                              Melon


OUTSTANDING QUALITIES
     SMALL FRUITED SHIPPER TYPE
     WIDELY ADAPTED
     SUITED TO HOME GARDENS

Hales Best 36 is an Eastern Shipper type sweet melon with
good taste. The plants are adaptable and the fruit has an
average size of about 0.8 kg. The flesh is orange, sweet and
is best when consumed soon after picking.

SPECIAL VARIETAL REQUIREMENTS
  Recommended for home gardens

  CHARACTERISTIC*                                              HALES BEST 36
  KIND                                                         Sweet melon (Cucumis melo L.)
  TYPE                                                         Eastern Shipper
  MATURITY                                                     100 days (after sowing during warm seasons)
  GROWTH HABIT                                                 Trailing
  PLANT VIGOUR                                                 Medium
  SEASON                                                       Warm
  FRUIT SIZE                                                   0.8 kg
  FRUIT SHAPE                                                  Round oval
  FRUIT SEED CAVITY                                            Medium
  FLESH COLOUR                                                 Orange
  SUGAR CONTENT                                                Medium, 10 – 12 %
  FLAVOUR                                                      Average
  RIND                                                         Yellow with white netting
  SUTURES                                                      None
  STEM-END SLIPPING                                            Medium
  UNIFORMITY                                                   Medium
  LEAF COVER                                                   Good
  DISEASE REACTION (SCIENTIFIC)                                -
  AVERAGE SEED COUNT                                           30 seeds per g
  POPULATION GUIDE                                             12 000 – 15 000 final stand per ha
  MARKET/END USE                                               Fresh market, home garden
  SPECIAL FEATURES                                             Small fruited variety suited to home gardens
* Characteristics given are affected by production methods such as soil type, nutrition, planting population, planting date and climatic conditions.
   Please read disclaimer.




Disclaimer: This information is based on our observations and/or information from other sources. As crop performance depends on the interaction between the genetic potential
of the seed, its physiological characteristics, and the environment, including management, we give no warranty express or implied, for the performance of crops relative to the
information given nor do we accept any liability for any loss, direct or consequential, that may arise from whatsoever cause. Please read the Sakata Seed Southern Africa (Pty)
Ltd Conditions of Sale before ordering seed.
Resistance: is the ability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and development of a specified pest or pathogen and/or the damage they cause when compared to susceptible
plant varieties under similar environmental conditions and pest or pathogen pressure. Resistant varieties may exhibit some disease symptoms or damage under heavy pest or
pathogen pressure. (HR = High resistance, IR = Intermediate resistance).
Recent version: Kindly contact Sakata or Area Representative for the most recent version of this Technical Bulletin.

Sakata Seed Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd.                             Copyright: (not to be reproduced)                                Email. info.saf@sakata-eu.com
Tel. +27 11 548 2800                                                   Fax. +27 11 548 2820                                            Website. www.sakata.com
                                                                     Technical Bulletin
                                                                            Ref. Hales Best: 31/07/10



                          GENERAL TIPS FOR SWEET MELON PRODUCTION
Fusarium vascular wilt (Fusarium                                                                Water soaked lesions on infected leaves turn into
oxysporium f.sp. melonis)                                                                       brown or black lesions and tan cancers. Conidia
Conditions for disease development                                                              form mature lesions are often dispersed by rain
This disease is an important blight in melons. The                                              splash. Stem lesions can girdle plants; causing
soil borne fungus penetrates the roots and                                                      wilting and the plant may dies. Sunken, black,
develops in the vascular system interfering with                                                circular or elongated spots appear on the infected
water movement and causing a severe wilt. It                                                    fruit, providing a gelatinous mass of pink coloured
especially occurs where the soil temperatures are                                               spores when moisture is present.         Old lesions
high.                                                                                           become black and may have white centres with
Symptoms                                                                                        small black spores. Lesions can also develop on
In the seedlings the pathogen will cause the                                                    fruit in storage. The fungus does not require free
cotyledons to turn yellow and the seedling to sow                                               water for infection to occur.
signs of wilting.                                                                               The foliage initially shows water soaked spots,
Infected mature plants starts to wilt on the lower                                              which later turn yellow then brown although the
leaves and the leaf margins will show signs of                                                  centres remain paler. The lesions expand and
scorch or tip burning. If the attack is severe the                                              give rise to the veins on the leaves. Often lesions
entire plant will wilt and die. Melons can also                                                 start to form on the petioles and the stems. The
develop a discolouration arising from the base of                                               foliage gradually dries out and dies.
the stem, although it spreads up on one side only.                                              Prevention and control
Slicing through the stem may reveal a yellow –                                                  - Crop rotation programme in 3 year cycles
orange –brownish stain in the xylem. Under moist                                                - Avoid overhead irrigation especially when warm
conditions a white or pink fungal growth may be                                                 - Limit the movement of workers and machinery
visible on dead stems. This pathogen is persistent                                                 from infected to clean fields
in the soil and rotation is of limited value.                                                   - Use certified seed from reputable suppliers
Leaves of infected plants loose turgidity, become                                               - Use resistant varieties
flaccid, lighter green to yellow, droop and finally                                             - There is only one active ingredient registered on
wilt, turn brown and die. Fusarium wilt show                                                       melon in South Africa. Contact your nearest
cross sections of the infected stems have a                                                        chemical representative for a recommendation.
complete or interrupted ring of dis-couloured                                                      Start spraying when warm and humid
brown areas in the vascular tissue.                                                                conditions appear and repeat at 7 – 14 days
Prevention and control                                                                             intervals. Ensure total coverage of the plants
- Raising the soil pH may inhibit disease
   development                                                                                  Disease reaction definitions:
- Only use certified seed                                                                       Resistance: is the ability of a plant variety to
- Use nitrate nitrogen fertilisers apposed to urea                                              restrict the growth and development of a specified
   or ammonia based fertilisers                                                                 pest or pathogen and/or the damage they cause
- Rotation will only be effective when it is longer                                             when compared to susceptible plant varieties
   than three year cycles                                                                       under similar environmental conditions and pest or
- Increase the biological activity of the soil                                                  pathogen pressure. Resistant varieties may exhibit
- Soil solarisation in infected soil is the moist                                               some disease symptoms or damage under heavy
   effective control                                                                            pest or pathogen pressure.         Two levels of
- Use clean machinery when land preparation and                                                 resistance are defined:
   cultivation is done
- Use varieties resistant to Fusarium                                                           High/standard resistance (HR): plant varieties
- Only use clean and healthy seed and transplants                                               that highly restrict the growth and development of
- The use of antagonistic fungi as Trichoderma has                                              the specified pest or pathogen under normal pest
   produced encouraging results                                                                 or pathogen pressure when compared to
- No chemical is registered for the control of                                                  susceptible varieties. These plant varieties may,
   Fusarium vascular wilt in South Africa                                                       however, exhibit some symptoms or damage
                                                                                                under heavy pest or pathogen pressure.
Anthracnose (Collectotrichum orbiculare)
Conditions for disease development                                                              Moderate/intermediate resistance (IR): plant
Anthracnose can pose major difficulties for melon                                               varieties that restrict the growth and development
growers in South Africa. This destructive fungus                                                of the specified pest or pathogen, but may exhibit
strives in hot, humid regions throughout the                                                    a greater range of symptoms or damage
country. Temperatures of 20 – 27 °C and 100 %                                                   compared to resistant varieties. Moderately/
relative humidity favour disease development.                                                   intermediately resistant plant varieties will still
The pathogen over winters in infected vines and                                                 show less severe symptoms or damage than
can be seed transmitted.                                                                        susceptible plant varieties when grown under
Symptoms                                                                                        similar environmental conditions and/or pest or
                                                                                                pathogen pressure.

Disclaimer: This information is based on our observations and/or information from other sources. As crop performance depends on the interaction between the genetic potential
of the seed, its physiological characteristics, and the environment, including management, we give no warranty express or implied, for the performance of crops relative to the
information given nor do we accept any liability for any loss, direct or consequential, that may arise from whatsoever cause. Please read the Sakata Seed Southern Africa (Pty)
Ltd Conditions of Sale before ordering seed.
Resistance: is the ability of a plant variety to restrict the growth and development of a specified pest or pathogen and/or the damage they cause when compared to susceptible
plant varieties under similar environmental conditions and pest or pathogen pressure. Resistant varieties may exhibit some disease symptoms or damage under heavy pest or
pathogen pressure. (HR = High resistance, IR = Intermediate resistance).
Recent version: Kindly contact Sakata or Area Representative for the most recent version of this Technical Bulletin.

Sakata Seed Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd.                             Copyright: (not to be reproduced)                                Email. info.saf@sakata-eu.com
Tel. +27 11 548 2800                                                   Fax. +27 11 548 2820                                            Website. www.sakata.com

				
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