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By-Law 1-2002 of The Corporation of the City of Oshawa being a by-law to regulate and govern the standards for the maintenance and occupancy of property within the City of Oshawa. RECITALS 1. Section 15.1(3) of the Building Code Act, 1992, S.O. 1992, c.23, authorizes the passing of a By-law for prescribing standards for the maintenance and occupancy of property. 2. The Council for the City of Oshawa deems it desirable to enact and pass a By-law for prescribing standards for the maintenance and occupancy of property within the City, for prohibiting the occupancy or use of such property that does not conform with the Standards and for requiring property that does not conform with the Standards to be Repaired and maintained to conform with the Standards or the site to be cleared of all Buildings, structures, debris or refuse and left in a graded and leveled condition. 3. The Official Plan for the City of Oshawa includes provisions relating to property conditions. 4. Section 220.1 of the Municipal Act, R.S.O. 1990 c. M.45, as amended, authorizes the passing of a by-law imposing fees and charges. THEREFORE, IT IS ENACTED as a by-law of the Corporation of the City of Oshawa by the Council thereof as follows: SECTION 1 ADMINISTRATION, INTERPRETATION AND ENFORCEMENT 1.1 SHORT TITLE Short Title 1.1.1 This By-law may be cited as the “Property Standards By-law”. 1.2 SCOPE All Property 1.2.1 This By-law applies to all property in the City of Oshawa unless otherwise indicated herein. 1.3 ENFORCEMENT Property 1.3.1 The Council of the City of Oshawa shall appoint Property Standards Officers Standards Officers from time to time to be responsible for the administration and enforcement of this By-law. 1.4 COMPLIANCE Comply with 1.4.1 No Owner or Occupant shall use or occupy or permit to be used or occupied any Standards Property that does not conform with the Standards. Repair or 1.4.2 The Owner of any Property that does not conform to the Standards shall Repair Demolish the Property to conform to the Standards or, alternatively, shall clear the Property of all Buildings, structures, debris and refuse and shall leave the Property in a graded and leveled condition. Offence 1.4.3 Every Person who contravenes any of the provisions of this By-law is guilty of an offence and, upon conviction, is liable to penalties as provided by the Building Code Act. 1.5 SEVERABILITY 1.5.1 If any provision or part of a provision of this By-law is declared by any court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction to be illegal or inoperative, in whole or in part, or inoperative in particular circumstances, the balance of the By-law, or its application in other circumstances, shall not be affected and shall continue to be in full force and effect. 1.6 COMPLIANCE WITH OTHER BY-LAWS AND REGULATIONS No Reduction of 1.6.1 This By-law shall not be construed to reduce or mitigate any restrictions or Authority regulations lawfully imposed by the City or by any governmental authority having jurisdiction to make such restrictions or regulations. Conflict 1.6.2 If there is a conflict between a provision in this By-law and a provision of any other City by-law, the provision that establishes the highest standard to protect the health, safety and welfare of the general public shall apply. 1.7 GENDER AND NUMBER Neutral 1.7.1 In this By-law, unless the contrary intention is indicated, words used in singular shall include the plural and words used in the male gender shall include the female gender and vice versa. 1.8 HEADINGS Headings and 1.8.1 The headings of sections, subsections and articles in this By-law and the Parentheses descriptive margin on the left are inserted for ease of reference only and do not form a part of nor affect the interpretation of this By-law. Subject to Article 1.10.1, language within parentheses do form a part of this By-law. 1.9 NUMBERING SYSTEM Explanation 1.9.1 The numbering system for sections, articles and sentences for this By-law is explained as follows: Each “section” is numbered with an Arabic numeral. The second Arabic numeral following the first (separated by a decimal) describes the “subsection”. The third Arabic numeral (where one appears) following the second (separated by a decimal) describes the “article.” Clauses, lists of items, provisions or requirements within subsections or articles are defined by alphabetic characters enclosed by parentheses. For illustrative purposes, an example is: SECTION 5: Building Standards SUBSECTION 5.5: Doors, Windows and Skylights ARTICLE 5.5.3: Maintenance includes: 5.5.3(b): reglazing cracked, broken or missing glass 2 1.10 MEASUREMENTS Metric 1.10.1 Where this By-law provides metric and imperial units of measure, the metric unit of measure shall prevail. For convenience only, approximate imperial measurements have been provided in parentheses but are of no force or effect. The abbreviation “mm” stands for millimetres, “m” stands for metres, “m2” stands for square metres, “m3 stands for cubic metres”, “ha” stands for hectares and “c” stands for Celsius. 1.11 USE AND OCCUPANCY Interpretation 1.11.1 In this By-law, unless the context requires otherwise, the verb “use” shall include “design to use”, “permit to use and “permit the use of” and the verb “occupy” shall include “design to occupy”, “permit to occupy”, “permit the occupancy of” and “design for occupancy”. 1.12 AND/OR Interpretation 1.12.1 The word “and” is an inclusive conjunction, the use of which indicates that all items or phrases in the subsection, article, or list in which it appears are permitted or required, as the case may be. The word “or” is an alternate conjunction, the use of which indicates that alternate or optional items or phrases in the subsection, article or list in which it appears are permitted or required, as the case may be; however, notwithstanding the foregoing, where the context permits, the word “or” may also be an inclusive conjunction having the same meaning as the word “and”. 1.13 REFERENCES TO LEGISLATION Ontario 1.13.1 All references in this By-law to names of Acts of the Legislature are (unless Legislation otherwise noted) references to the Revised Statutes of Ontario, 1990 edition. Similarly, all references in this By-law to names of Regulations are (unless otherwise noted) references to the Revised Regulations of Ontario, 1990 edition. All references to Acts of the Legislature, Regulations and By-laws include applicable amendments, including an implied reference to successor Acts, Regulations and By-laws. 1.14 REPEAL OF EXISTING BY-LAW Previous 1.14.1 On the date that this By-law comes into force, By-laws 136-79, 156-79, 63-80, By-laws 136-91, 85-92, and 91-98 shall be repealed. 1.15 EFFECTIVE DATE In Force 1.15.1 Subject to Article 1.16.1, this By-law shall come into force on the date of passage by Council. 1.16 TRANSITIONAL RULES Transition 1.16.1 After the date of the passing of this By-law, By-laws 136-79, 156-79, 63-80, 136-91, 85-92, and 91-98 shall apply only to those properties in which an Order has been issued prior to the date of passing of this By-law, and then only to such properties until such time as the work required by such Order has been completed or any enforcement proceedings with respect to such Order including any demolition, clearance, or Repair carried out by the municipality shall have been concluded. 3 1.17 CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE Compliance 1.17.1 Upon payment of its fee, as prescribed in Schedule “D” of the General Fees and Certificate Charges By-law 13-2003, the City shall issue to an Owner a certificate respecting the Property's compliance or non-compliance with the Standards (as the case may be). (13-2003) 1.18 PROPERTY STANDARDS COMMITTEE 5 Persons 1.18.1 Council shall appoint at large (by either Resolution or By-law) no fewer than five Appointed to Property Standards (5) persons of the City to the Property Standards Committee for a term of office Committee concurrent with that of the appointing Council. Vacancy 1.18.2 The Council shall forthwith fill any vacancy in membership of the Committee that occurs. Honorarium 1.18.3 Each member of the Property Standards Committee, appointed by Council, shall be entitled to an honorarium of $50.00 per meeting for his or her attendance at committee hearings. Appeal of Order 1.18.4 An Owner or Occupant who appeals an Order made pursuant to Subsection 15.2(2) of the Building Code Act shall submit a Notice of Appeal in the time frame and the manner as prescribed in Subsection 15.3(1) of the Building Code Act. All Notices of Appeal shall be accompanied by a non-refundable payment in the amount as prescribed by Schedule “A” to this By-law for the processing of the Appeal. 1.19 FEES AND CHARGES Fee for Repeat 1.19.1 Every Owner or Occupant who has failed to comply with a confirmed Order Inspections made pursuant to Subsection 15.2(2) of the Building Code Act, shall pay the fees set out in Schedule "D" of the General Fees and Charges By-law 13-2003 for each inspection to determine if contraventions of this By-law observed on an initial inspection have been corrected where the contraventions have not been remedied by the time provided for in the said Order. (13-2003) Notice of Fee 1.19.2 Before carrying out the re-inspection of each Property for which an Owner or Occupant will be required to pay a fee under Article 1.19.1 (should the contravention not be remedied by the time provided for in an Order) the City shall give the Owner or Occupant of the Property a written notice setting out the fees payable. The notice referred to in this Article may be included as a statement in the Order requiring an Owner or Occupant of Property to conform with the Standards. Idem 1.19.3 After the notice under Article 1.19.2 has been given, no further notice of the fee payable under this Subsection is required for subsequent inspections of the same Property relating to the Order. Debt to City 1.19.4 Where fees are payable by an Owner or Occupant under Article 1.19.1, the fees shall constitute a debt to the City. 4 Add to Tax Roll 1.19.5 The fees payable under this By-law shall be added by the Municipal Clerk to the tax roll for any real property in the City where all of the owner(s) of that same property are responsible for paying the fees and the City shall collect the fees in like manner as municipal real property taxes and the fees shall have priority lien status. Interest 1.19.6 Fees charged under this By-law are due and payable on the day immediately following the day the fee is imposed or charged and shall accrue interest at the rate of 1 1/4 per cent on the first day of default and on the first day of each calendar month thereafter in which default continues until paid. SECTION 2 DEFINITIONS 2.1 For the purpose of interpreting the provisions set forth in this By-law, the following definitions shall apply. “ACCESSORY BUILDING” means a detached Building or structure, whether heretofore or hereafter erected, that is commonly incidental, subordinate or secondary and exclusively devoted to the main Building or structure and is located on the same lot as the main Building or structure and which is not used for human habitation. “APARTMENT BUILDING” means a Building or part of a Building, whether heretofore or hereafter erected, containing three or more Dwelling Units but does not include Block Townhouses. “APPLIANCES” means a stove, refrigerator, clothes washer, clothes dryer, dishwasher or a hot water tank. “BLOCK TOWNHOUSE” means a townhouse, whether heretofore or hereafter erected, served by a private driveway or aisle. “BUILDING” means any structure consisting of a roof supported by walls or columns which is used for the shelter, accommodation or enclosure of Persons, animals, goods, chattels or equipment, whether heretofore or hereafter erected. "BUILDING CODE ACT" means the Building Code Act, 1992, S.O. 1992, c. 23. “CITY” means The Corporation of the City of Oshawa. “COMMITTEE” means the Property Standards Committee established by Article 1.18.1 of this By-law. “DWELLING” means a Building or structure or part of a Building or structure used for the purpose of human habitation, and includes a Building that would be used or would be intended to be used for such purposes, except for its state of disrepair, and shall include every Building on a residential Property other than an Accessory Building. “DWELLING UNIT” means that part of a Dwelling consisting of one or more Habitable Rooms, which contains at least one Washroom and cooking facilities and that is designed for use as a single house keeping establishment. 5 “FIRE RESISTANCE RATING” means time in hours or parts thereof that an element or assembly of material will withstand fire exposure, as determined in a fire test made in conformity with recognized specifications, or as determined by extension or interpretation of information derived therefrom. “FIRE SEPARATION” means a barrier against the spread of fire and smoke having a Fire Resistance Rating as required, and having all openings protected with approved closures. “GUARD” means a protective barrier around openings in floors or at the open sides of stairs, landings, balconies, mezzanines, galleries, raised walkways or other locations to prevent accidental falls from one level to another. “HABITABLE ROOM” means a room in a Dwelling used, designed to be used or capable of being used for living, sleeping, cooking or eating purposes. "LEVEL OF ILLUMINATION" means the level of artificial lighting measured in Lux (Foot Candles) at floor or grade level. "LODGING HOUSE" means a Building or a part of a Building, containing three to ten Lodging Units, which does not appear to function as a Dwelling Unit, although one may be included with the Lodging Units. It includes, without limitation, a rooming house and a boarding house, a fraternity or sorority house. It does not include a hotel, a crisis care residence, a hospital, a group home, a correctional group home, a bed and breakfast establishment nor a nursing home. A Lodging House may involve shared cooking or Washroom facilities. Meals may or may not be provided to residents. Common areas, such as living rooms, may or may not be provided. “LODGING UNIT” means one or more rooms within a Lodging House used or designed to be used for sleeping accommodations. Lodging Units may contain cooking or Washroom facilities, but not both. “MEDICAL OFFICER OF HEALTH” means the medical officer of health of the Durham Regional Health Unit or any successor thereof. “OCCUPANT” means any Person or Persons over the age of 18 years in possession, care or control of the Property. “OFFICER” means a Property Standards Officer appointed by the Council of the City to administer and enforce this By-law. “ONTARIO BUILDING CODE” or “OBC” means Ontario Regulation 403/97, made under the Building Code Act, 1992. “OWNER” includes (a) the Person for the time being managing or receiving the rent of the Property, whether on the Person's own account or as agent or trustee of any other Person, or who would so receive the rent if the Property were let, and (b) a lessee or Occupant of the Property who, under the terms of a lease, is required to Repair and maintain the Property in accordance with the Standards. 6 “PERSON” means an individual, association, firm, partnership, corporation, trust, organization, trustee, or agent, and the heirs, executors or legal representatives of the Person to whom the context can apply according to law. “PLUMBING FIXTURE” means a receptacle or equipment that receives water, liquid or sanitary sewage and discharges water liquids or sanitary sewage directly into drainage piping. “PROPERTY” means a Building or structure or part of a Building or structure, and includes the lands and premises appurtenant thereto, and all mobile homes, mobile buildings, mobile structures, outbuildings, fences and erections thereon, whether heretofore or hereafter erected, and includes abandoned Property but does not include Property zoned under the class: Open Space in the City’s Zoning By-law 60-94, and owned, leased, managed or maintained by the City. “REPAIR” includes the provisions of facilities, the making of additions or alterations or the taking of any other action as may be required to ensure that a Property conforms with the Standards and “Repairs” and “Repaired” have corresponding meanings. “RESTAURANT” means a building or part of a building where food and beverages are prepared or offered for retail sale to the public for immediate consumption on or off the premises, including a licensed dining lounge, food catering business, a tavern or nightclub. “SEWERAGE SYSTEM” means the system of sewers connected to any sewage treatment plant operated by the Regional Municipality of Durham for service of the inhabitants of the City of Oshawa. “STANDARDS” means the standards for the maintenance and occupancy prescribed for Property in this By-law. ‘WASHROOM” means that part of a Building containing one or more of a water closet, urinal, bathtub, shower or washbasin. “WATER SYSTEM” means the system for supply of water from a central pumping station and tanks and reservoirs managed and operated by the Regional Municipality of Durham for service of the inhabitants of the City of Oshawa. SECTION 3 GENERAL DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS 3.1 REPAIRS AND WORKMANSHIP Owner 3.1.1 An Owner shall maintain any services and facilities supplied in respect of a Responsibility Property by that same Owner and shall maintain common areas intended for the use of Occupants. Such services and facilities may include, but are not limited to: (a) Appliances (b) parking facilities (c) elevator facilities and equipment (d) intercom systems and equipment (e) telephone, television cable, gas/oil, water and electricity, and their related services and equipment 7 (f) heating and air conditioning facilities, services and equipment (g) security services, facilities and equipment (h) lighting Manner of 3.1.2 All Repairs and maintenance of a Property required by the provisions of this Making Repairs By-law shall be carried out in a manner accepted as good workmanship in the trades concerned, utilizing materials suitable and sufficient for the purpose and carried out in accordance with the industry specifications and requirements. SECTION 4 PROPERTY MAINTENANCE, WASTE MANAGEMENT, AND ACCESSORY BUILDINGS OR STRUCTURES 4.1 PROPERTY Neighbouring 4.1.1 All Property shall be maintained in a clean and tidy condition so as not to detract Environment from the neighbouring environment or present a hazard to any Person. 4.1.2 Without restricting the generality of Article 4.1.1, “maintained in a clean and tidy condition”, includes removal of: Rubbish, (a) rubbish, rubble, waste, garbage, refuse and litter or debris, unused items Garbage, Debris Hazard and objects or conditions that may create a health, fire, or accident hazard located on a Property; Wrecked (b) wrecked, dismantled, discarded, abandoned, unused materials, unlicensed Discarded Materials vehicles, furniture, machinery, trailers or boats located on a Property unless necessary for the operation of a business enterprise lawfully situated on that same Property; Hedges and (c) overgrowth of hedges, shrubs and bushes; Bushes Collapsed (d) Dilapidated, collapsed or partially constructed structures that are not Structures currently under construction (for the purposes of this Article, a structure is not currently under construction where no substantial construction activity has taken place on the structures within the immediately preceding 90 days); Injurious (e) Injurious insects, termites, rodents, vermin or other pests; Insects, Vermin Dead Tree (f) Dead or decayed trees or other natural growth, including branches and limbs thereof, or damaged trees that create an unsafe condition; and Long Grass (g) Long grass, brush, undergrowth or weeds greater than 20 cm (8 in.) in height between May 1st and October 15th in each calendar year. Abandoned 4.1.3 Abandoned or unused wells and every excavation, hole, trench, or ditch that Wells presents a hazard to the health or safety of any Person shall be filled with fill material suitable for the purposes of eliminating the hazard and made level with the surrounding grade. 8 Temporary 4.1.4 Despite the requirements of this Section, temporary storage of material or refuse Storage resulting solely from the construction, demolition or alteration of a Building or part thereof may be placed on the same Property as the construction, demolition or alteration is being carried on for a period of time not exceeding 6 months, provided that: (a) it will not cause risk to the health or safety of any Persons; and (b) it is removed in a timely manner and in its entirely from the Property upon completion of the construction or demolition, alteration or demolition. 4.2 SURFACE CONDITIONS Parking Areas 4.2.1 Driveways, ramps, parking areas and similar areas shall be: (a) surfaced, resurfaced, Repaired or regraded to provide a safe surface for pedestrian or vehicle use; (b) maintained as a dust free surface by regular cleaning or application of an environmentally safe dust control agent; and Safe Passage (c) maintained so as to provide for safe passage under normal use and weather conditions, day or night. Walkways 4.2.2 Walkways, exterior passageways, exterior stairs, landings and similar areas shall be: (a) surfaced, resurfaced, Repaired or regraded to provide a safe surface for pedestrian use; and Safe Passage (b) maintained so as to provide for safe passage under normal use and weather conditions, day or night. 4.3 SEWAGE AND DRAINAGE Sewage System 4.3.1 Sewage shall be discharged into an approved Sewerage System as determined by the authority having jurisdiction over sewage collection in the city. 4.3.2 Sewage of any kind shall not be discharged onto the surface of the ground. Storm Water 4.3.3 Storm water (including roof drainage) shall not be discharged onto sidewalks, Discharge stairs, or adjacent Property. Ponding 4.3.4 Storm water (including roof drainage) shall be drained from a Property so as to prevent ponding covering an area of 9 m2 (100 ft2) or greater, or being 30 cm (12 in) in depth at any point. Catch Basin 4.3.5 Catch basins shall be kept in good Repair and free of debris or other obstructions which could prevent water from draining. Stagnant Water 4.3.6 No Owner shall permit or allow stagnant water to exist or occur in any location on a Property at any time. 4.4 COMPOST HEAPS Compost 4.4.1 No Owner shall permit or allow the existence, occurrence or maintenance of any compost heap or bin on a Property where that compost heap or bin emits offensive odours that migrate off the Property. Idem 4.4.2 No compost heap or compost heap enclosure situated on a property shall be supported by or touch any portion of a boundary fence. 9 4.5 REFUSE STORAGE AND DISPOSAL Sufficient 4.5.1 Every Owner shall provide and maintain sufficient receptacles to contain all Receptacles garbage, refuse, ashes, recyclable materials and trade waste that may accumulate on a Property between the regular collection days, as designated from time to time by the City. A receptacle includes a plastic garbage bag that conforms to the standards of this Subsection. State of 4.5.2 Every receptacle shall be: Receptacles (a) watertight; (b) manufactured and maintained to prevent the entry of insects, rodents and the escape of odours; (c) shall be kept closed at all times except when garbage, refuse, ashes or trade waste is being placed therein or removed therefrom; (d) maintained in a clean and sanitary condition; and (e) made available for prompt removal in accordance with the municipal garbage collection by-law where applicable. Plastic Bags 4.5.3 Plastic garbage bags shall not be stored outdoors. However, nothing in this Article shall prevent the placement of refuse in plastic bags for collection at the curbside during the times and days only as permitted in City refuse collection by-laws. Apartment 4.5.4 In Apartment Buildings, every garbage chute, garbage disposal room, garbage Buildings Garbage Rooms storage area, garbage container or receptacle shall be: Clean (a) washed and disinfected as often as is necessary to maintain a clean and odour free condition; and Good Repair (b) maintained in good Repair. Garbage Rooms 4.5.5 Garbage disposal rooms or garbage storage areas shall be maintained so as to Maintained minimize health hazards due to excessive accumulation of garbage and refuse or the storage of same for a long duration by adding increased frequency of removal from the Property. Receptacle Size 4.5.6 The Owners of all multiple Dwellings that do not have garbage disposal rooms shall provide receptacles large enough to contain all garbage, refuse and recyclable materials. Location of 4.5.7 Every receptacle, if located outside of a building, shall be located in the Rear Garbage Receptacle Yard, when space can accommodate it, or otherwise in a side yard, but shall not be located in a Front Yard or Exterior Side Yard. For the purposes of this By- law, the definitions of Rear Yard, Side Yard, Exterior Side Yard and Front Yard shall correspond with the definitions contained in City By-law 60-94 (Zoning). Provision of 4.5.8 Every Owner or Occupant operating within a place of business shall provide Storage Space sufficient garbage and refuse storage facilities to ensure that all garbage or refuse that occurs on the Property is properly contained therein at all times. Refuse 4.5.9 Properties with external garbage and recycling storage areas, including areas Enclosure located within a building, shall be enclosed by a refuse enclosure approved by the City of Oshawa, Department of Development Services. 10 Idem 4.5.10 Notwithstanding Article 4.5.9, City approval of garbage and recycling storage areas shall not be required for Properties containing only a detached Dwelling, semi-detached Dwelling or freehold townhouse Dwelling. 4.6 ACCESSORY BUILDINGS OR STRUCTURES Accessory 4.6.1 Accessory Buildings, and other structures including fences and retaining walls Building Fences Retaining Walls located within a Property, or on the boundary line thereto, shall be structurally sound, maintained in good Repair, free of hazards and protected by preservatives or other weather resistant material. 4.7 GANTRIES AND ANTENNAS Securely 4.7.1 Gantries, antennae and like structures located within a Property shall be securely Anchored anchored and maintained in a structurally sound condition and in good Repair. 4.8 SWIMMING POOLS, HOT TUBS AND PONDS Maintained in 4.8.1 Swimming pools, hot tubs, wading pools and artificial ponds and (any Good Repair appurtenances thereto) shall be maintained in good Repair, free from leaks, and free from health and safety hazards. Pool Fences, 4.8.2 Fences or gates (and their hardware) comprising a pool enclosure shall be Gates and Hardware maintained in good Repair and in accordance with the City of Oshawa Pool Enclosure By-law. Derelict or 4.8.3 Derelict or abandoned swimming pools (whether aboveground or inground) shall Abandoned Pools be drained and removed or filled and the Property left in a graded and leveled condition. Draining 4.8.4 No Owner shall permit or allow water drained from swimming pools, hot tubs, wading pools and artificial ponds to drain or migrate onto adjacent Properties. 4.9 HOARDING Structurally 4.9.1 All hoarding shall be maintained in a structurally secure manner and painted or Secure otherwise treated to inhibit deterioration. SECTION 5 BUILDING STANDARDS 5.1 STRUCTURAL SOUNDNESS Structurally 5.1.1 Every part of a Building shall be maintained in a structurally sound condition and Sound Condition in good Repair so as to be capable of sustaining safely its own weight and any additional weight to which it may be subject through normal use. Every beam, column, joist, truss or other structural member or assembly showing signs of deterioration or distress shall be Repaired, reinforced or replaced. Ontario 5.1.2 Where any structural member or assembly is required to be Repaired, replaced, or Building Code Standards reinforced under Article 5.1.1, the requirements and specifications contained in the OBC shall apply. 11 Objects or 5.1.3 Objects or materials that are attached to or form part of a Building and which Materials Attached to Buildings have been broken, damaged, or that show evidence of rot or other deterioration shall be removed, Repaired, or replaced. Walls, roofs and other exterior parts of the Building shall be free from loose or unsecured objects, parts or material and improperly secured objects or material and where such objects or material exist, they shall be removed, Repaired or replaced. Repair includes the temporary provision, installation and maintenance of substantial boarding, barricades or other temporary protection. 5.2 BUILDING ENVELOPE Structural 5.2.1 The foundations, walls, columns, beams, decks and roofs of all Buildings on a Soundness and Repair Property shall be maintained in a structurally sound condition and in good Repair. Maintenance 5.2.2 Without restricting the generality of Article 5.2.1, “maintained in a structurally sound condition and in good Repair” includes: (a) extension of the wall foundations below grade or re-grading to provide adequate frost cover; (b) installing subsoil drains to overcome conditions detrimental to the Building; (c) Repairing or replacing decayed, damaged or weakened sills, piers, posts or other supports; (d) grouting, waterproofing, cladding or replacing protective surfaces as necessary so as to be weather tight; (e) the application of materials that are effective to preserve all wood, metal work or other materials not inherently resistant to weathering or wear; (f) the restoration, or replacement of foundations, walls, columns, beams, decks, roofs, cladding, finishes and trims; and (g) carrying out other work as may be required to overcome existing settlement detrimental to the Building. 5.3 EXTERIOR WALLS AND ATTACHMENTS Maintained in 5.3.1 Exterior walls of a Building (and their components) shall be maintained in good Good Repair Repair and free from cracked, broken or loose masonry units, stucco, and other defective cladding or trim. Paint or other suitable preservative or coating must be applied and maintained so as to inhibit deterioration due to weather conditions, insects or other damage. Graffiti 5.3.2 Exterior walls of a Building (and their components) shall be free of painted slogans, graffiti and similar defacements. Canopies and 5.3.3 All canopies, marquees, signs, awnings, fire escapes, stand pipes, exhaust ducts, Signs and similar overhanging extensions, shall be maintained in good Repair, be properly anchored so as to be kept in a secure and sound condition, and shall be protected from the elements and against decay and rust by the periodic application of an effective weather coating material (such as paint or other protective treatment). 12 5.4 ROOFS AND ROOF STRUCTURES Good Repair 5.4.1 Every roof, including related roof structures and their components, fascias, soffits, eavestroughs, downpipes, guards and lightning arrestors, shall be maintained in good Repair. Weathertight 5.4.2 Roofs of Buildings (and their components) shall be maintained in a weathertight condition, free from loose or unsecured objects or materials. Dangerous 5.4.3 The roofs of Buildings (including Accessory Buildings) shall be kept clear of Accumulations of Ice and Snow dangerous accumulations of ice or snow. 5.5 DOORS, WINDOWS AND SKYLIGHTS Performing 5.5.1 All doors, windows, skylights and shutters (including storm and screen doors and Intended Functions windows) shall be maintained in good Repair and capable of performing their intended functions. Maintenance 5.5.2 Doors, windows and skylights shall be maintained so that they are weather tight. Idem 5.5.3 Without restricting the generality of Article 5.5.1, “maintained in good Repair” includes: (a) the refitting, replacement or Repairing of damaged, decaying or defective exterior doors, windows, frames, sashes, casings, shutters, hatchways or screens; (b) reglazing cracked, broken or missing glass; (c) repairing or replacing defective or missing hardware; (d) weatherstripping and caulking (where such is defective or missing); and (e) the application of paint or a similar effective preservative to inhibit deterioration. Prevention of 5.5.4 When an opening in an exterior wall is used or required for ventilation or Entry by Rodents or Vermin illumination and is not required to be protected by a door, window or similar closure, it shall be protected with a wire mesh screen, metal grill or other equivalent durable material so as to effectively prevent the entry of birds, rodents or vermin. Latching From 5.5.5 All openable windows and exterior doors in Apartment Buildings shall be Within provided with the means of being latched or secured from within. Doors and 5.5.6 Doors that allow access to or egress from a Dwelling Unit located in an Hardware for Apartments Apartment Building shall be equipped with locks, and shall be maintained in good Repair and in an operable condition. Screening 5.5.7 All windows in a Dwelling Unit that can be (or are required by the Standards to be) openable shall be provided with screening to effectively prevent the entry of insects. Window Safety 5.5.8 In every Apartment Building, every window (or any part thereof) that is located in Apartment Buildings 2 m (6.5 ft) or more above the finished grade of land upon which it faces that is capable of being opened and does not lead to a balcony, shall be equipped with a safety device capable of controlling the free swinging or sliding of an openable part of a window so as to limit any clear unobstructed opening to not more than 100 mm (4 in) measured either vertically or horizontally where the other dimension is greater than 380 mm (15 in). 13 Window Safety 5.5.9 All windows in any common area of Apartment Buildings that are greater than Common Areas 2m (6.5 ft) above the finished grade of land upon which they face (and do not lead to a balcony) must have a Guard that complies with the OBC, if the window sill is less than 1m (3.25 ft) from the floor. 5.6 VERANDAHS, PORCHES, DECKS, LOADING DOCKS, BALCONIES, STAIRS, GUARDS AND HANDRAILS Maintained in 5.6.1 Every verandah, porch, deck, loading dock, floor, stair, handrail, Guard, balcony Good Repair (and every appurtenance and surface finish attached or laid thereto) shall be maintained in good Repair. Idem 5.6.2 Without restricting the generality of Article 5.6.1, “maintained in good Repair” includes: (a) Repairing or replacing floors, handrails, Guards, treads and risers, including finishes such as linoleum, tile and carpet that contain depressions, protrusions or that are broken, torn, warped, loose or otherwise defective; (b) Repairing, replacing or strengthening structural members that are rotted, deteriorated or loose; and (c) repainting or the re-applying of other effective protective preservative. Handrails & 5.6.3 Handrails and Guards for interior and exterior stairways and ramps shall be Guards According to OBC provided in accordance with the provisions of the OBC and maintained in good Repair and in a safe and structurally sound condition. 5.7 INTERIOR WALLS, CEILINGS AND FLOORS Walls, Ceilings 5.7.1 Every wall, ceiling and floor shall be maintained so as to provide a continuous and Floors surface free of holes, cracks, loose coverings or other defects. Finish 5.7.2 A finish shall be applied to all walls and ceilings where same have been Repaired. Water Resistant 5.7.3 Every floor in a Washroom, shower room, laundry room and kitchen shall have Floor water-resistant flooring. General 5.7.4 Every floor, wall, ceiling, furnishing, appliance, fixture and equipment in a Cleanliness Building (including the interior of Dwelling Units or Lodging Units) shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and free from rubbish or other debris. Dampness 5.7.5 Every Dwelling shall be kept free from dampness and moisture. Household 5.7.6 All garbage shall be stored in a sanitary manner in receptacles (as provided for in Garbage Storage Subsection 4.5) and shall not be permitted to accumulate and remain on a Property to an extent or for a length of time so as to be a fire, health or safety hazard. Water Resistant 5.7.7 The walls and ceiling around a bathtub or shower shall be water-resistant. Fire Separation 5.7.8 A Fire Separation shall be provided and maintained between a Dwelling Unit and Between Res & Non-Residential another occupancy or use as prescribed by the OBC. 14 5.8 COMMON AREAS Maintained in 5.8.1 Common areas in Apartment Buildings, including laundry rooms, recreation Good Repair rooms, storage rooms, hallways, elevator cages and other shared facilities shall be maintained in good Repair and kept clean and free from health, fire and accident hazards. Free from 5.8.2 Interior cladding and finishes of floors, walls, ceilings and doors of common Stains areas shall be kept free of stains and other defacement. Main Areas 5.8.3 All mail collection areas, including mailboxes (where supplied in any Building) shall be maintained in good Repair. 5.9 RECREATIONAL FACILITIES Good Repair 5.9.1 Recreational amenities, facilities, rooms and play area surfaces and equipment provided by an Owner shall be maintained in good Repair and in a safe condition by that same Owner. 5.10 UNDERGROUND PARKING GARAGES Good Repair 5.10.1 Underground parking garages shall be: (a) maintained in good Repair and in a clean and safe condition; (b) adequately lighted; (c) free from wrecked, discarded or abandoned machinery, boats, vehicles, trailers or parts thereof; and (d) maintained so as to prevent the accumulation of toxic fumes and the escape of toxic fumes into a Building. Security 5.10.2 Vehicular and pedestrian doors shall be maintained in good Repair and fitted with suitable security hardware that is in an operable condition. 5.11 ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING Emergency 5.11.1 Interior emergency lighting, exit stairwells and exterior areas including parking Lighting lots, walkways, stairs, porches, verandas, loading docks, ramps and similar areas (but excluding parking or storage garages) shall be provided with a minimum Level Of Illumination of 10 Lux (0.9 Foot candles). Passageways 5.11.2 Despite Article 5.11.1, passageways and stairways in areas of employment (when in use) and corridors, passageways, doorways, stairways and storage rooms (but not including service, utility and laundry rooms) used by the public or tenants shall be provided with a minimum Level Of Illumination of 50 Lux (4.6 Foot candles). Parking 5.11.3 Parking or storage garages shall be provided with a minimum Level Of Illumination of 50 Lux (4.6 Foot candles). Washrooms 5.11.4 Washrooms and recreation rooms used by the public and tenants shall be provided with a minimum Level Of Illumination of 100 Lux (9.3 Foot candles). Utility Rooms 5.11.5 Service, utility and laundry rooms used by the public and tenants shall be provided with a minimum Level Of Illumination of 200 Lux (18.6 foot candles). Kept in Repair 5.11.6 All artificial lighting (including exterior lighting fixtures, lamps and other supports and connections) shall be maintained in good Repair and in a safe working condition. 15 5.12 PEST CONTROL Infestation 5.12.1 All properties shall be kept free of pest infestation (including rodents, vermin and insects, reptiles, or other wild animals, pigeons, or other wild birds) at all times. SECTION 6 STANDARDS FOR RESIDENTIAL OCCUPANCY 6.1 APPLICATION General 6.1.1 The Standards prescribed by this Section apply to Apartment Buildings, Application Dwellings, and Lodging Houses. 6.2 MINIMUM STANDARDS REQUIRED FOR HUMAN HABITATION Dwelling and 6.2.1 No Dwelling Unit or Lodging Unit shall be used for human habitation unless: Lodging Units (a) interior cladding and finishes of walls, ceilings and floors are maintained in accordance with Subsection 5.7; (b) doors and windows are maintained in accordance with Subsections 5.5, 6.9 and 7.5; (c) a heating system is provided and maintained in accordance with Subsection 7.1; (d) the plumbing and drainage system is maintained in accordance with Subsection 7.2; (e) the electrical system is maintained in accordance with Subsection 7.3; (f) the minimum floor areas are in accordance with Subsections 6.3. or 6.4; and (g) the minimum headroom is in accordance with Subsections 6.5. 6.3 MINIMUM REQUIRED FLOOR AREA FOR DWELLING UNITS Dwelling Unit 6.3.1 The minimum floor areas for all rooms in a Dwelling Unit shall be in accordance with the provisions of the OBC. 6.4 MINIMUM REQUIRED FLOOR AREAS FOR LODGING UNITS Lodging Unit 6.4.1 The minimum floor area for a Lodging Unit shall be not less than 7m2 (75 sq. ft.) for single occupancy and 4.6m2 (50 sq. ft.) per Person for multiple occupancy. 6.5 MINIMUM FLOOR TO CEILING HEIGHT FOR HABITABLE ROOMS Ceiling Height 6.5.1 The minimum floor to ceiling height for Habitable Rooms shall not be less than 1.9m (6 ft., 5 in) over at least 50% of the floor area (as required by the Standards), provided that any part of the floor area having a clear height of less than 1.35m (4.4 ft.) shall not be considered in computing the required floor area. Idem 6.5.2 Despite Article 6.5.1, a minimum height of 1.9m (6 ft., 5 in.) shall be required for all floor area used as a means of egress. 6.6 KITCHEN FACILITIES 6.6.1 Every Dwelling Unit shall contain a kitchen area equipped with: Kitchen Sink (a) a kitchen sink that is served with hot and cold potable water and is surrounded by surfaces impervious to grease and water; Storage Area (b) suitable storage area of not less than 0.23 metres3 (8 feet3) of which there shall be at least 1.0m (3 ft) in width of cabinet front; 16 Counter (c) a counter or work area at least 0.55m (1.8 ft.) in depth and at least 1.8m (6 ft.) in length (inclusive of the sink) and covered with a material that is impervious to water and grease and is easily cleanable; and Spaces for Stove (d) cooking and refrigeration appliances (including suitable electrical or gas and Refrigerator connections thereto). Good Repair 6.6.2 The items provided pursuant to Article 6.6.1 shall be maintained in good Repair. Maintenance of 6.6.3 Appliances in a Dwelling Unit shall be maintained in good Repair and in a safe, Appliances operable condition. Lodging House 6.6.4 The provisions of this Subsection also apply to kitchen facilities and Appliances that may be provided in a Lodging House. 6.7 TOILET AND WASHROOM FACILITIES Washroom 6.7.1 Every Dwelling Unit shall contain at least one Washroom that includes the Requirements following: a) at least one fully operational water closet; and b) at least one washbasin; and c) at least one bathtub or shower unit. Lodging House 6.7.2 Every Lodging House shall have at least one toilet and one wash basin, and one Requirements bathtub or shower unit for every five occupants. Water Closet 6.7.3 Every toilet, urinal and water closet shall function as designed and will effectively empty the contents thereof. Door Secured 6.7.4 Every required Washroom shall be accessible from within the Building and shall For Privacy be fully enclosed and provided with a door capable of being secured from the inside to allow privacy for the Persons using the room. Common 6.7.5 Where Washroom facilities are shared by Occupants of a Building, other than Entrance for Shared Washroom self-contained Dwelling Units, an entrance shall be provided from a common passageway, hallway, corridor or other common space. Water Closet 6.7.6 No toilet, urinal or water closet shall be located in a Habitable Room or in a room used for storage of food. 6.8 VENTILATION Habitable 6.8.1 Every Habitable Room (except for a living room or a dining room) shall be Rooms provided with natural ventilation which shall consist of an opening or openings with a minimum aggregate unobstructed free flow area of 0.28m2 (3 sq. ft.) and be located in the exterior walls or through openable parts of skylights. Washrooms 6.8.2 Every Washroom shall be provided with an opening or openings for natural ventilation located in an exterior wall (or through openable parts of skylights) and all such openings shall have a minimum aggregate unobstructed free flow area of 0.09m2 (1 sq. ft.). Exhaust to 6.8.3 An opening for natural ventilation may be omitted from a Washroom where a Outside system of mechanical ventilation has been provided (such as an exhaust fan which is activated by a switch, with a duct leading to outside the Dwelling) capable of changing the air once each hour. 17 Attic Roof 6.8.4 Every enclosed attic or roof space shall be vented by openings to the exterior to Spaces provide at least 0.09m2 (1 sq. ft.) of unobstructed vent area for every 27.9m2 (300 sq. ft.) of attic or roof space. The vents required by this Article may be roof, eave or gable end corrosion-resistant louvers or screens, or any combination thereof. Crawl Spaces 6.8.5 Crawl spaces and unfinished basements and cellars shall be adequately ventilated Cellars to the exterior by natural or mechanical means. For the purposes of this Article, areas are adequately vented when (in a basement or cellar) windows which can be opened or screened openings are provided (the aggregate area of which shall not be less than one percent of the floor area) and (for an unheated crawl space only) louvers with insect screens of corrosion resistant material are provided. Ventilation in 6.8.6 Every laundry room, garbage disposal room, furnace room, boiler room, storage Public Areas garage, public corridor and other similar public room or space of a Building shall be adequately ventilated. 6.9 NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING Habitable 6.9.1 Every Habitable Room (except a kitchen, dining room, or basement recreation Rooms room) shall have a window or windows, skylights or translucent panels facing directly or indirectly to an outside space that admit natural light equal to not less than five percent of the floor area for living rooms and two and one half percent of the floor area for bedrooms and other Habitable Rooms not excluded by the foregoing. Living Room 6.9.2 A window is not required in a living room if: (a) there is an opening in a dividing wall to an adjoining room; (b) the adjoining room has a window to the outside; and (c) the total window area of the adjoining room is at least 5 per cent of the combined floor areas of the living room and the adjoining room. Artificial 6.9.3 Artificial lighting shall be provided at all times in all Apartment Buildings, Lighting in Residential Buildings Dwellings and Lodging Houses in accordance with Subsection 5.11. SECTION 7 STANDARDS FOR BUILDING SERVICES, SYSTEMS AND FACILITIES 7.1 HEATING, VENTILATION AND MECHANICAL SYSTEMS Heating System 7.1.1 All Buildings (except Buildings used exclusively for the storage of goods, chattels or equipment where no persons are employed in duties and operations in that Building) shall be provided with a suitable permanent heating system capable of maintaining an indoor ambient minimum temperature of 22 degrees Celsius (72.1oF), 1.0m (3.3 ft) above floor level and 1.0m (3.3 ft) or more from every exterior wall. (77-2006) Minimum Heat 7.1.2 The minimum temperature referred to in Article 7.1.1 shall be provided during all Requirements 20oC periods of occupancy between September 30th of each year and May 31st of the following year. (77-2006) Temporary 7.1.3 Portable heating equipment shall not be used as the primary source of heat. Portable Heating 18 Prevention of 7.1.4 Every Dwelling Unit shall be constructed (or otherwise separated) to prevent the Passage of Smoke, Fumes and Gases passage of smoke, fumes and gases from an attached garage into other parts of the Dwelling. Such construction or separations shall conform to the OBC. Proper Venting 7.1.5 All fuel burning appliances, equipment, and accessories shall be properly vented to Outside to the outside air by means of a smoke pipe, gas vent, chimney flue or other method effective to remove substantially all fumes and gases. Chimneys 7.1.6 Every chimney flue, smoke pipe and gas vent shall be maintained in good Repair so as to prevent gases from leaking into the Building where they originate, and so that any combustible material adjacent thereto, insulated therefrom, or in contact therewith shall not be heated to unsafe temperatures. For the purposes of this Article, “maintained in good Repair” shall include clearing the flue of obstructions, sealing open joints and Repairing or replacing all broken and loose masonry and lining or relining with fire resistant material. Fireplaces 7.1.7 Fireplaces and similar construction used or intended to be used for burning fuels in open fires shall be connected to proper chimneys, and shall be maintained so that nearby or adjacent combustible material and structural members shall not be heated to unsafe temperatures. For the purposes of this Article, “maintained” includes lining and Repairing and relining with fire resistant material, and installing and replacing the hearth. Other Fuel 7.1.8 Every fuel burning appliance (whether for heating or cooking) shall be properly Burning Appliances connected by a rigid duct to a chimney flue, smoke pipe or gas vent adequate to remove substantially all fumes and gases, except those appliances that have been approved for use without venting pursuant to the specifications contained in the OBC. Maintained in 7.1.9 Heating, ventilating and mechanical systems (including factory built stoves, Good, Safe and Operable Repair fireplaces and chimneys, fans, pumps, filtration and other equipment provided to supply heat or air conditioning or other services) shall be maintained in good Repair and in a safely operable condition. Supply of 7.1.10 A space that contains a heating unit or incinerator that requires combustion air Combustion Air shall have natural or mechanical means of supplying the required combustion air. Air Conditioner 7.1.11 Air conditioners shall be equipped with proper devices to prevent condensation Condensation draining onto publicly owned sidewalks, walkways, entrances and other pedestrian routes. 7.2 PLUMBING AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS Water System 7.2.1 Where facilities of the Water System are located within 30m of any Property line, Available Within 30m every Building on the Property requiring the use of water shall be connected thereto. Sewerage 7.2.2 Where facilities of the Sewerage System are located within 30m of any Property System Available Within 30m line, every Building on the Property requiring the use of a sewer shall be connected thereto. 19 Other Approved 7.2.3 Where facilities of the Water System are not available (or connection to the Water Supply Water System is for any reason not permitted) every Dwelling shall be supplied with an adequate supply of potable running water from a source approved by the Medical Officer of Health. Septic Tank 7.2.4 Where facilities of the Sewerage System are not available (or connection to the Approval Where System not Available system is for any reason not permitted) and the Property area and soil conditions are such that a septic tank system or equivalent system can be provided in compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, such a system shall be provided for each Dwelling, and approved by the City. Approval for 7.2.5 Where facilities of the Sewerage System are not available and where a septic tank Alternate Sewage Disposal System or equivalent system cannot be installed, no Dwelling shall be occupied unless a sewerage disposal method approved by the City is provided. Continued Use 7.2.6 Despite Article 7.2.1, provided an adequate supply of potable running water is of Potable Water Supply available to a Property from a source other than the Water System, the Medical Officer of Health may permit the continued use of the other source unless any test indicates the water from the other source was (at any time) not potable. Continued Use 7.2.7 Despite Article 7.2.2, where an adequate septic tank system or equivalent system of Septic System is functioning properly, the City may permit the continued use of such system. Where Septic 7.2.8 Where a septic system on a Property ceases to function, such system shall be System Fails Repaired or replaced (as approved by the City) unless the Sewerage System is located within 30m of the Property line, in which case every Building on the Property requiring the use of a sewer shall be connected thereto in accordance with the provisions of Article 7.2.2. Plumbing & 7.2.9 All plumbing and drainage systems (and their appurtenances including all Drainage Systems to be Maintained in Plumbing Fixtures) shall be maintained in good Repair, in a safely operable Repair condition, adequately protected from freezing, and shall be supplied with potable water sufficient for normal use at a flow and pressure sufficient for the intended use of the fixtures installed. Hot Water 7.2.10 Every washbasin, bathtub, shower, and kitchen sink shall be equipped with an Temperature adequate supply of hot and cold running water. Hot water shall be supplied at a temperature of not less than 46 degrees Celsius (115°F). Restaurant 7.2.11 Every Building or part of a Building on a Property that is used as a Restaurant Access to Public Washrooms and that provides an area to consume the food on the Property (indoors or outdoors) shall include access to a public Washroom located on the Property. Public 7.2.12 Every business that is required under the OBC to provide public Washrooms shall Washroom Access in Businesses maintain access to such Washrooms by the public during the hours of operation of the business. 7.3 ELECTRICAL SERVICE Electrical 7.3.1 Every Building shall be wired for electricity and shall be connected to a source of Services electricity, in accordance with the regulations pursuant to the Electricity Act, S.O. 1998, c.15. 20 Duplex Outlets 7.3.2 Every Habitable Room in a Dwelling shall have at least one electrical duplex outlet for each 11.1m2 (120 sq. ft.) of floor space and for each additional 9.3m2 (100 sq. ft.) of floor area a second duplex outlet shall be provided. Permanent 7.3.3 Every Washroom, kitchen, laundry room, furnace room, basement, cellar and Light Fixtures non-habitable work or storage room shall be provided with a permanent operable light fixture. Lighting 7.3.4 Lighting fixtures installed throughout a Dwelling Unit (including those installed Throughout Dwelling Unit in hallways, stairways, corridors, passageways, garages and basements) shall provide sufficient illumination so as to prevent accident hazards during normal use. Electrical 7.3.5 The capacity of the electrical service connection to a Building, and the system of Supply and Service Adequate for circuits distributing the electrical supply within the Building, shall be adequate Use in a Building for the use and intended use thereof and shall be in compliance with the regulations pursuant to the Electricity Act, S.O. 1998, c.15. Kitchen to Have 7.3.6 Despite Article 7.3.2, no fewer than two (2) electrical duplex convenience outlets Suitable Outlets on separate circuits shall be provided in kitchens in Dwelling Units. One such outlet shall be provided over the countertop work surface and one shall be provided at the refrigerator space. Maintained in 7.3.7 Electrical wiring, circuits, fuses, circuit breakers, electrical equipment and Good Working Order and Safe electrical heating systems (where provided) shall be installed and maintained in good working order at all times, free from fire and accident hazards, in compliance with the Electricity Act, S.O. 1998, c.15 and with the regulations made thereunder. Extension Cords 7.3.8 Extension cords shall not be maintained, placed or attached, or permitted to be placed or attached through any doorway or transom, nor to any door frame, window frame, ceiling, wall or floor. Idem 7.3.9 Electrical cords that are not part of a lighting fixture, machine or device shall not be permitted to be used or used on a permanent or semi-permanent basis. However, nothing in this Article prevents the use of an extension cord on a semi- permanent basis if used under supervision during any portion of a single day. 7.4 DISCONNECTED UTILITIES No 7.4.1 No Owner shall disconnect (or cause to be disconnected) any service or utility Disconnection supplying heat, electricity, gas or water to a Building, nor to a Dwelling Unit or Lodging Unit occupied by a tenant, lessee or Occupant of such Building, except for such reasonable period of time as may be necessary for the purpose of Repairing, replacing, or otherwise altering the service or utility. 7.5 FIRE ESCAPES Good Repair 7.5.1 Every fire escape shall be maintained in good Repair, free from obstructions, and accessible through a door or an openable window. 7.6 ELEVATING DEVICES Good Repair 7.6.1 Elevators (where provided) and all its parts and components (including lighting fixtures, lamps, elevators buttons, floor indicators and ventilation fans) shall be maintained in good Repair. 21 7.7 BUILDING SECURITY/ACCESS VOICE COMMUNICATIONS Good Repair 7.7.1 In Apartment Buildings where a voice communications system exists between each Dwelling Unit and the lobby and, where a security locking and release system for the entrance is provided and is controlled from each Dwelling Unit, such system shall be maintained in good Repair. 7.8 EMERGENCY CONTACT IN APARTMENT BUILDINGS Telephone 7.8.1 The Owner of every Apartment Building shall cause: Number of Authorized Persons (a) the name, address and telephone number of the current manager or the Person responsible for the Property, and (b) the name and telephone number of an authorized Person to contact in case of an emergency on a 24 hour basis to be posted in a prominent place on or in the Apartment Building that is common to or regularly frequented by the residents therein. SECTION 8 VACANT BUILDINGS 8.1 VACANT BUILDINGS Protection 8.1.1 The Owner of any vacant Building or other vacant Property shall protect the Building or vacant Property against the risk of fire, accident or other danger, by effectively preventing the entrance to it of all unauthorized Persons. Cleared of 8.1.2 Vacant Buildings, including vacated fire damaged Buildings, shall be kept Garbage and Services Turned Off cleared of all garbage, rubbish, flammable substances and debris and shall have all water, electrical and gas services turned off except for any such service that is required for the security and maintenance of the Property. Boarding Up 8.1.3 Vacant Buildings shall be demolished or boarded up and maintained securely by Vacant Building covering all openings through which entry may be obtained with at least 12.7mm (0.5 inches) thick weatherproof sheet plywood, securely fastened to the Building and painted. Repair or 8.1.4 Despite Article 8.1.3, the Owner of any Property on which is situate a Building, Demolish Vacant Buildings or part thereof, that is boarded up for a period exceeding 24 months shall either Repair the Building and bring it into conformity with the Standards rendering the Building in a useable condition, or shall clear the Property of all buildings, structures, debris or refuse and leave it in a graded and leveled condition. SECTION 9 SCHEDULES 9.1 SCHEDULE A 9.1.1 Schedule “A” attached hereto shall form part of this By-Law. (13-2003) By-law read a first, second and third time and finally passed this fourteenth day of January, 2002. 2006 05 26 22
"By-Law 1-2002 of The Corporation of the City of Oshawa SECTION 1 "