Members of the Delegation by gyvwpsjkko

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									Wednesday, 17 November 2010
[No.73-2010] Second Session, Fourth Legislature

                LEGISLATURE OF THE PROVINCE OF MPUMALANGA
                             ANNOUNCEMENTS,
                               TABLINGS AND
                            COMMITTEE REPORTS

ANNOUNCEMENTS:

None


TABLINGS:

None


COMMITTEE REPORT




                         LEADER OF THE DELEGATION

                              Hon. RC Mahlobogoane


                          Members of the Delegation

                                 Hon. BA Majuba
                                Hon. MSA Masango
                                 Hon. JP Ngubeni
                                 Hon. LT Maabane
                                Hon. NC Mamabolo
                                 Hon. AM Benadie
                                                                 2




        REPORT OF THE JOINT STUDY TOUR TO FRANCE AS UNDERTAKEN BY
        THE   PORTFOLIO    COMMITTEE   ON    AGRICULTURE,   RU RAL
        DEVELOPMENT    AND    LAND   ADMINISTRATION;    ECONOMIC
        DEVELOPMENT, ENVIRONMENT AND TOURISM AND THE PORTFOLIO
        COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS; ROADS AND TRANSPORT FROM 25
        FEBRUARY – 04 MARCH 2010


        1. INTRODUCTION

        The Speaker approved a joint study tour to France for the Portfolio Committee
        on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Administration; Economic
        Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public
        Works; Roads and Transport (the Delegation). Initially approval was granted
        for eight (8) Members of the Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature to visit Tunisia
        and France for a total of fourteen (14) days.

        The proposed dates for the study tour were initially 8-21 January 2010. After
        several attempts to secure mutually available dates with Tunisia, the visit to
        Tunisia could not materialize in the anticipated time period. The Delegation
        then decided to temporarily omit Tunisia and focus on France. Moreover, the
        programme of the Legislature was extremely full during the first three weeks
        of February 2010.

     Within this context, the Delegation finally proposed that the study tour should
     take place from 25 February – 4 March 2010. After vigorous communication
     between the South African Embassy in Paris (the Mission) and the Legislature,
     these dates were confirmed by the Mission and a draft programme was
     created. The draft programme was subject to amendments as some of the
     initial meetings with interlocutors were replaced with other meetings. The
______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 3


        Legislature was informed that these replacements were mainly due to the
        French regional elections that were scheduled to take place during March
        2010. This change of programme unfortunately prevented the Delegation from
        meeting with the key stakeholders regarding parliamentary oversight and
        stakeholders for the Portfolio Committee on Public Works; Roads and
        Transport, as outlined in the objectives of the visit.

        The following Honourable Members undertook the study tour:

        Hon. RC Mahlobogoane                              Leader of the Delegation to France

                                                          Chairperson: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism
                                                          Member: Public Works Roads and Transport

        Hon. BA Majuba                                    Chairperson: Public Works Roads and
                                                          Transport
                                                          Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism

        Hon. MSA Masango                                  Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism

        Hon. JP Ngubeni                                   Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism

        Hon. NC Mamabolo                                  Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism

        Hon. LT Maabane                                   Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism

        Hon. AM Benadie                                   Member: Agriculture, Rural Development
                                                          and Land Administration; Economic
                                                          Development, Environment and Tourism



______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 4


        Hon. KAP Madonsela was included in the approved Delegation but could not
        accompany the Delegation as she was injured in a car accident a few days
        before the Delegation’s departure to France.

        Ms MN Varda, Committee Co-ordinator, provided administrative support to
        the Delegation during the visit to France.

        Meetings with the following interlocutors were secured in France from 01-04
        March 2010:

            1. SYCTOM – a company that assists the City of Paris with
               management of waste disposal
            2. The Mairie de Paris (Office of the Mayor of Paris)
            3. OSEO – a development arm of the French Government that assists in
               financing small and medium business enterprises
            4. French Senát – meeting with the Senator Robert Hue, the
               Chairperson of the France-SA Friendship Group
            5. Tour of the French Senát and Luxembourg Palace with Senator Bruno
               Ferrant
            6. Roquette Group – large scale agro-processing (bio-ethanol plant)
            7. BRGM – France’s leading public institution in Earth Science applications
            8. Site visit to the Soultz Power plant in Alsace region - Pilot project in
               geothermal energy

        After the visit to the Roquette plant on 03 March 2010, the Delegation also
        visited the European Union Parliament in Strasbourg.

        The Mission in Paris facilitated the study tour in conjunction with the
        Department of International Relations and Co-operation (DIRCO). The
        Committee acknowledges the assistance of DIRCO and the Mission, in
        particular, Her Excellency Dr. KLM Sebati: Ambassador; Mr Shoayb Casoo:
        Paris Minister Political; Ms Annelize Schroeder: Paris Counsellor Bilateral; Ms
        Laroushka Reddy: Paris, Third Secretary Bilateral; Ms A Dansu-Manu: Paris
        LRP Secretary (Bilateral) and Ms Noureen Sineke: Subdirectorate
        Intergovernmental and Provincial Protocol.


        2. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY TOUR

        The Delegation envisaged returning to Mpumalanga with experiences gained
        through engagement with French counterparts (parliamentary oversight
        committees), thereby deriving constructive and practical contributions to the
        oversight process, law-making and public engagement.

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 5


        Therefore, the main objectives of this study tour were to draw comparisons
        between our Province and our French counterparts and to share relevant
        knowledge in the following focus areas:

        Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
        Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism:

                     Oversight role played by French Parliament in the tourism and
                     related economic growth strategies implemented by the French
                     government when hosting the 1998 FIFA Soccer World Cup;

                     How the French Parliament exercises oversight on government
                     departments in the following key areas:

                          Economic and tourism development;
                          Management of environmental issues;
                          Agricultural processes and the productive use of agricultural land
                          for economic growth;
                          Alternative energy sources, including the use of bio-fuels and
                          other alternative energy sources;
                          Successful rural development strategies implemented by
                          government departments; and
                          Small business development strategies          implemented      by
                          government departments.


        Portfolio Committee on Public Works; Roads and Transport:

                     To draw comparisons with relevant parliamentary committees that
                     oversight public works, roads and transport services;

                     Oversight role played by Parliament on road traffic management and
                     safety plan, in the context of France’s hosting of the FIFA World Cup
                     in 1998

        It was the intention of the Delegation to meet with the French Parliament
        whilst they were in the midst in their legislative programmes, but this   was
        not possible as preparations for the French regional elections were underway.
        Meetings were therefore secured with other stakeholders that the Mission
        deemed relevant to the focus areas identified by the Delegation.

        In future study tours of the Legislature, it will be emphasised to the assisting
        Embassy that the objective of the Legislature to meet with its relevant

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 6


        counterparts, namely, parliamentary oversight committees must be adhered
        to. This will ensure that knowledge and experience gained through
        engagements are implemented accordingly by the Legislature to enhance its
        oversight mandate as well as the law-making and public engagement
        processes.

        During the interaction with the South African Embassy, it was indicated to the
        Delegation that the Embassy would gladly facilitate any projects that
        Mpumalanga would like to have. The Moloto Rail Corridor, which is currently
        on hold due to financial constraints, was raised as one example of such
        projects.




   BACKGROUND ON FRANCE




   The French Republic is a unitary semi-presidential republic with strong
   democratic traditions. The constitution of the Fifth Republic was approved by
   referendum on 28 September 1958. It greatly strengthened the authority of the
   executive in relation to parliament. The executive branch itself has two leaders:
   the President of the Republic, currently Nicolas Sarkozy, who is head of state and
   is elected directly by universal adult suffrage for a 5-year term (formerly 7
   years), and the Government, led by the president-appointed Prime Minister,
   currently François Fillon.

  The French parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising a National Assembly
  (Assemblée Nationale) and a Senate. The National Assembly deputies represent
  local constituencies and are directly elected for 5-year terms. The Assembly has
  the power to dismiss the cabinet, and thus the majority in the Assembly
  determines the choice of government. Senators are chosen by an electoral
  college for 6-year terms (originally 9-year terms), and one half of the seats are
  submitted to election every 3 years starting in September 2008. The Senate's
  legislative powers are limited; in the event of disagreement between the two
______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 7


   chambers, the National Assembly has the final say, except for constitutional laws
   and lois organiques (laws that are directly provided for by the constitution) in
   some cases. The government has a strong influence in shaping the agenda of
   Parliament.

   French politics is characterised by two politically opposed groupings: one left-
   wing, centred around the French Socialist Party, and the other right-wing,
   centred previously around the Rassemblement pour la République (RPR) and now
   its successor the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). The executive branch is
   currently composed mostly of the UMP.




   3.       OBSERVATIONS AND FINDINGS


   MARCH 1, - MEETING 1: SYCTOM




   SYCTOM stands for syndicat Mixte Central de Traitement des Ordures
   Ménagreres; a syndicate that represents 85 local government bodies from the
   greater Paris area who have joined to benefit from a joint approach to the
   management of their waste. SYCTOM can thus satisfy the needs of the selective
   refuse collections in the 23 member communities in the centre's catchment area.

   During the presentation by Mr. Christophe Maria, Head of International Relations
   at SYCTOM and the ensuing interaction, the Delegation observed the following
   after posing clarity-seeking questions:

        •   SYCTOM is the largest union serving municipalities for municipal solid waste
            recycling and recovery;
        •   It gathers 89 municipalities from five (5) departments;
        •   It is the largest of its kind in Europe, running at an operating cost of 550
            million Euros (€) per annum;
        •   Public funding is included in this operating budget in the form of rates and
            taxes paid by citizens via the municipalities and therefore SYCTOM is
            accountable to the citizens;
______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 8


        •   Citizens decide on the Waste Management Policy;
        •   SYCTOM strives to create awareness amongst the public to create less
            waste and therefore works together with manufacturers and other industry
            role players to ensure less waste creation;
        •   Waste (newspaper, magazines, plastic, glass and metal) that is collected by
            the City of Paris is treated and recycled on site by SYCTOM;
        •   The waste that is disposed at SYCTOM is environmentally friendly as it is
            treated before incineration;
        •   Waste management is done on a regional level, whereby municipalities
            work together to pool (share) costs and skills and to ensure consistency
            across municipalities;
        •   SYCTOM services 28 groups of municipalities;
        •   Awareness raising and public education campaigns have followed the
            lifestyles of the citizens, since waste patterns follow consumption patterns.
            Unfortunately, people are not too concerned about their waste, which is a
            similar situation in our Province. It was agreed that educating the youth
            through school programmes is the key to successfully raising awareness
            about waste disposal and management.
        •   The municipality is not responsible for the disposal of medical waste. The
            medical sector has its own waste disposal system. However, government
            organisations are responsible to monitor all waste disposal systems and
            sites.

   The Delegation observed that Paris is a very clean city, even over weekends. This
   was attributed to the efforts made by the Public Service, which works 24 hours a
   day and 7 days a week. The Public Service system is not driven by economic
   forces but simply by the aspiration to keep Paris clean.




                                        SYCTOM Ivry Paris Xiii sorting plant



______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 9


   MARCH 1, - MEETING 2: MAIRIE DE P ARIS (MAYOR OF PARIS)




   The Mairie de Paris is responsible for providing public services for the French
   capital, which is home to more than two million people. The authority employs
   approximately 43,000 people across 2,500 sites, including municipal nurseries,
   libraries, parks and gardens, museums, workshops, and administrative offices.

   The Delegation met with the Head of Clean Water and the Environment: Water
   and Sanitation, Mr. Regis Le Roux. A presentation was made about the Public
   Service operations of the Mairie de Paris.

   It was noted that the City of Paris has a garbage collection plan that is strictly
   adhered to. Through this plan, the composition of the waste (cardboard, paper,
   plastic or metal) is targeted for easy disposal by SYCTOM.

   Waste is used for landfill only when it has been incinerated and cannot be used
   for anything else. In terms of the French law, hazardous waste (batteries, printer
   cartridges, and energy saving lamps) is returned to the retailers who take it to
   specialized waste disposal centres. Hence the City of Paris does not spend much
   money on hazardous waste disposal.

   It was interesting to note that residential homes have three (3) containers for
   waste disposal: one each for paper, plastic and metals. Glass is disposed
   separately. Apartment buildings have one big container each and waste is also
   sorted accordingly.       The Delegation shared the information that in other
   European countries such as Switzerland, transparent garbage bags are used and
   if any wrong waste matter is placed in the wrong bag, the municipal workers
   leave those bags behind. Furthermore, if the garbage exceeds the allocated
   weight, it is also left behind. The City of Paris also applies this approach but they
   use different coloured containers. If garbage items are in the wrong container, a
   sticker is placed on the container and it is left behind. However, no fines are
   issued for this. It was agreed that if fines are introduced, the citizens would be
   forced to comply with the policy or else pay the fines. It was noted that this is a
   highly disciplined approach to garbage disposal and forces citizens to take
   responsibility for their environment and their own waste. Such awareness
   ultimately leads to a clean environment and quality of life for citizens. It is
   imperative that the youth of our Province be taught these skills consistently.



______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                10


   The Delegation commented that the Department of Economic Development,
   Environment and Tourism (DEDET) does have environmental educational
   campaigns and programmes (such as the Cleanest Town competition) to teach
   school children and communities the value of a clean environment and having a
   green heritage.

   The Delegation observed that compliance with garbage collection legislation and
   policies must be enforced so that citizens fear getting caught. It was agreed that
   both in France and South Africa, the issue of making the public aware of
   environmentally correct waste disposal takes time and effort as mindsets are not
   easily changed, especially with regard to waste.

   At the end of the meeting, gifts were exchanged and the Delegation was
   presented with the educational packs used at schools in Paris. The pack consisted
   of stationery items, mascots for clean environment and miniature replicas of the
   coloured containers used in homes to separate garbage.


   MARCH 1, - MEETING 3: OSEO INTERNATIONAL




   OSEO was born in 2005, by bringing together ANVAR (French innovation agency)
   and BDPME (SME development bank), around a mission of general interest
   supporting the regional and national policies. Its mission is to provide assistance
   and financial support to French SMEs in the most decisive phases of their life
   cycle: start up, innovation, development, business transfer / buy out. By sharing
   the risk, it facilitates the access of SMEs to financing by banking partners and
   equity capital investors.

   OSEO covers three areas of activity:


   1. Innovation support and funding: for technology transfer and innovative
      technology-based projects with real marketing prospects
   2. Guaranteeing funding granted by banks and equity capital investors
   3. Funding investments and operating cycle alongside the banks


   OSEO head structure is a holding with public status. It reports to both the
   Ministry for Economy, Finance and Industry, and Ministry for Higher Education

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                11


   and Research. It partners with banks, financial institutions and equity capital
   investors; research laboratories, universities, engineering schools, major the
   companies; chambers of commerce and industry, tradesmen's guilds; business
   start-up assistance and support networks; government agencies and private
   organisations working to promote the use of information technology by SMEs;
   European structural funds and Community research programmes.

   It covers all areas of France, through its regional network. It works with local
   communities and in particular with the French regions. It makes its skills and
   networks available to them, acts on their behalf and in accordance with their
   economic development priorities.


   The Delegation was well-received by Mr. Jean-Jacques Yarmoff, the International
   Partnerships Director, who had prepared a slide presentation on OSEO’s
   operations. During the meeting with OSEO the Delegation observed that OSEO is
   not an acronym, but means in essence, “I dare you to go higher”. They shared
   with OSEO that Mpumalanga also has a development agency called the
   Mpumalanga Economic Growth Agency (MEGA) that is dedicated to assisting
   small businesses to develop and thereby lead to economic growth. The
   Delegation commended the willingness of the French government, via OSEO, to
   share risks in cases where banks do not want to risk certain projects. This is
   commendable as it is the only way small businesses will be developed.


   The Delegation further observed that OSEO does indeed conduct risk evaluation
   and only provides a guarantee for the company if the bank also contributes its
   investment in the company. The onus then lies with the banks to ensure that the
   company will be in a position to pay back the loan. OSEO does not compete with
   the commercial banks (since they use the same interest rate) because the aim is
   to provide developmental funding and not make profit. In this way, OSEO assists
   companies each step of the way, especially at the inception stage.


   OSEO indicated that the international division was only started up in June 2009
   and they still have much to learn. However, they have declared 2010 as the year
   of international projects. To this effect, it was observed that the International
   strategy of OSEO provides for:
        • Guarantees for bank financing to back international development of SMEs
        • Guarantees for surety bonds on export markets
        • Guarantees for contributions to foreign subsidiaries
        • Identification of partners and set-up arrangements for trans-national
          technology projects
        • Financing for the set-up of transnational technology partnerships
______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                12


        • Financing of export or international development
        • Consulting for innovation and financial services

   With regard to business start-ups, it was observed that OSEO provides:

        •   Start-up loans
        •   Bank-loan guarantees
        •   Guarantees for equity investors
        •   Guarantees for unsecured loans granted by business support networks
        •   Advances on accounts due from large public and private-sector customers

   In response to questions on how OSEO survived the recent economic crisis, it
   was observed that the French government had put emergency measures in place
   to provide funding to OSEO during the recession in order to continue supporting
   the SME’s.

   Regarding non-performing companies, the Delegation noted that such companies
   are dealt with individually by ensuring the following basic guidelines:

         • An extensive monitoring network of OSEO field workers do in-depth
           monitoring of each project;
         • Each project file is assessed regularly
         • On-site visits are conducted regularly;
         • Interestingly, site inspection is not only done on the project but also on the
           personal details of the businessman/woman and his or her management
           team;
         • In-depth reviews of the financials of the SME dare done regularly;
         • Technical market research assistance is also provided for the SME;
         • OSEO signs a contract with the SME, which is strictly adhered to;
         • A development agency must have intricate knowledge of the various
           sectors they invest in: OSEO has knowledge of innovation management and
           technology process as it unfolds, so they are able to monitor and advise at
           each stage of the development of the company;
         • OSEO eliminates poor performing companies and also calculates that at
           least 40% of the companies will not pay back;

   Finally, the Delegation noted that OSEO works with development agencies in
   other countries all around the world to assist those agencies to develop SME’s in
   their countries.




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                13




                               Handing over gift at OSEO




   MARCH 2, - MEETING 4: FRENCH SENÁT, PARIS




                                        French S enate, Main Assembly Hall

   The Delegation was highly honoured with an excellent reception at a luncheon
   meeting hosted by Senator Robert Hue, the Chairman of the France-SA

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                14


   Friendship Group at the French Senát (the Chairman). Also present were
   Senators Jean-Claude Peyronnet, Claudine LePage and Bruno Ferrant. Senator
   Ferrant also took the Delegation on a spectacular tour of the Palais du
   Luxemborg, including the Senát Chamber.

   As indicated earlier, preparations for the French regional elections scheduled to
   take place in March 2010 were underway, therefore not many Members of the
   Senát were available to meet with the Delegation. Nevertheless, the Delegation
   was able to share experience and insight on various matters such as:

         •   the FIFA Soccer World Cup to be hosted by South Africa in June 2010
         •   tourism development in South Africa
         •   the relationship between the Executive and Parliament
         •   South Africa’s foreign policy with regard to other African countries

   The Chairman acknowledged that there has been progress in the growth of South
   Africa’s economy. A question was put to the Delegation regarding the effect that
   crime has on the economy. The Delegation responded that the South African
   government is dealing with the crime situation to the best of its ability. Of
   interest to the French hosts was the question of whether the immigrants from
   Zimbabwe are the major cause of crime in South Africa. It was noted that crime
   has a variety of sources, including immigrants from other countries besides
   Zimbabwe. Under discussion was also the role of South Africa in the African
   Union (AU). It was noted that the AU has a rotational Presidency and that South
   Africa behaves as an equal partner in the AU. The Delegation did agree that in
   cases of conflict, South Africa is called upon to intervene. South Africa was highly
   commended for its intervention in Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of
   Congo (DRC). It was also noted that through the New Partnership for Africa’s
   Development (NEPAD), South Africa is able to bring African economies together.
   During the robust discussions, the Chairman commented that it is long overdue
   that African countries be included in the United Nations Security Council. This
   sentiment was welcomed by the Delegation.

   The Chairman also referred to President Zuma’s speech that was made at the
   recent Climate change conference held in Copenhagen. He extended an offer to
   the Province to assist in any way with climate control.

   As indicated by the Chairman, the Friendship Group was designed to strengthen
   bonds and to enable both countries to discuss issues of common interest. The
   Chairman indicated that the Group had visited South Africa in 2007 and thus
   commended the Delegation for its choice to come to France in 2010. He indicated
   that he had held talks with Ambassador Sebati to create new types of bonds and
   to strengthen ties with South Africa. Thus, a continued good relationship between

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                15


   the French Senators and the Members of the Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature
   is anticipated. To this effect it was noted that the Senators expressed keen
   interest in visiting Mpumalanga Province before the end of the 2010 calendar
   year.

   During the discussions it was observed that there are very few female senators in
   the French Senat, as compared to the 45% women in South African Parliament.




                               Exchanging of gifts with Senator Robert Hue at French Senát




   MARCH, 3 - MEETING 5: ROQUETTE




   For this meeting the Delegation travelled by train to Strasbourg, which is located
   in the Alsace region, close to the German border.


______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                16


   The Roquette group family enterprise is one of the top-ranked processors of
   starch (N° 2 in Europe and N° 4 in the world), as well as being the world leader
   in polyols, pyrogen free raw materials and dry sugars. In 2007 Roquette achieved
   a          turnover         of         over         2.5         billion       €.

   The Delegation visited the Bennheim Plant in Strasbourg, which deals with
   processing of agricultural products such as maize on a large scale to extract
   starch and bio-ethanol. The plant makes use of geothermic energy for its agro-
   processing, which is basically steam produced from hot water underground.

   The Roquette group is present throughout the whole world through 30
   establishments including 18 production sites in Europe, Asia and North America.
   Backed by an international network of offices and agents, over 6,000 employees
   are devoted to technical and sales assistance for the customers in more than 100
   countries and satisfy their stringent demands for supply reliability and quality.

   Roquette transforms renewable resources corn, wheat, potatoes and peas - into
   an extensive line of high quality ingredients for a wide range of food and non-
   food industries throughout the world. As a result, thanks to the starch extracted
   from maize, wheat, potatoes or peas, the firm produces more than 650 by-
   products.




   This broadly gives a glimpse of the variety and high level of the technical nature
   of the industries that put their trust in Roquette: the most significant ones being:
   human nutrition, paper and board, fermentation, chemistry, pharmacy-
   cosmetology, and animal feed.

   This range likewise reflects innovative spirit and effort made on the diversification
   and quality side which Roquette wishes to symbolize. Thanks to 300 researchers
   and technicians, Roquette’s Research Centre files around 20 patent applications a
   year, signs more than 100 research-partnership agreements and has built close
   cooperation ties with universities and laboratories around the world.

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                17



   With nutrition health and vegetal-based chemistry, Roquette is today exploring
   fresh opportunities in terms of sustainable development and renewable agro-
   resources (which include micro-algae).

   Right now, Roquette focuses its development efforts on two strategic
   foundations, namely nutrition and green chemistry (in place of biochemistry).

   From the interaction with the top management of Roquette, it was observed that
   the agro-processing sector plays a vital role in the improvement of the quality of
   life for people for our people, the environment and even animals. The potential is
   great for such an industry to contribute to the growth of the economy of the
   Province. There are many benefits that the Province can derive from a better
   understanding and application of agro-processing.

   Moreover, the Delegation emerged from the discussions being more informed
   about the importance of renewable energy in that in 40-60 years from now, fossil
   energy (carbon dioxide) will be very scarce and very expensive. Even right now,
   the carbon dioxide emissions are being rapidly depleted due to mass felling of
   forests and other industrial emissions, which is leading to the depletion of the
   earth’s protective ozone layer. It is clear that the more the world’s population is
   growing, the more energy is needed. Therefore, the Delegation observed with
   interest that using alternative energy sources such as biomass (steam energy
   produced from wood), geothermic energy (hot water underground), recycling
   processes and using bio-fuels all contribute to saving the fossil energy of our
   planet.




                               Handing over gift at Roque tte




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                18


   MARCH 4, - MEETING 6: BRGM (BUREAU DE RECHERCHES GÉOLOGIQUES
   ET MINIÈRES) IN ALSACE, STRASBOURG




   BRGM is France's major public institution in the Geo-science field. It fulfils the
   triple role of scientific research, public expertise and international cooperation.
   BRGM notably operates as the French Geological Survey. Its legal status is a
   public institution with industrial and commercial interests under the joint
   supervision of the Ministry for Research, the Ministry for Industry and the
   Ministry for Environment.

   The objectives of BRGM are to:

        •   Understand geological phenomena,
        •   Develop new methodologies and techniques,
        •   Produce and disseminate pertinent, high-quality data,
        •   Provide the necessary tools for public policies concerning surface,
            subsurface and natural-resource management, natural-risk and pollution
            prevention, and
        •   Regional development and planning


        The BRGM has 3 missions:

        o Technological research and development, and innovation
        o Support for public policies and citizen information
        o International co-operation and development aid

            The 8 thematic areas of the BRGM are:

        o   Mineral resources
        o   Water
        o   Development planning and natural risks
        o   Contaminated land and waste management
        o   Environmental metrology
        o   Mapping and geo-information
        o   Geothermal energy and geological storage of CO2
        o   Digital information systems

______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                 19


   BRGM has 29 regional offices in metropolitan France and its Overseas
   Departments and Territories. There are also teams working in 46 countries and is
   thereby involved in more than 160 international co-operation projects.

   Emanating from the presentation by Mr Albert Genter, manager at BRGM
   Geothermal Plant, the Delegation observed the following:

        •   Granite and sandstone are extracted from the earth by drilling deep wells of
            more than 5km below the earth’s surface.
        •   Geothermal energy is used to extract the granite and sandstone.
        •   The benefits of geothermal energy are that heat can be generated 24
            hours a day, it creates jobs and it can run greenhouses and small
            businesses.

   After the interactions at the BRGM offices, the Delegation was taken on a site
   tour of the EGS Soultz Power Plant (GPK 1). The European EGS project of Soultz-
   sous-Forets (France) which was first investigated in 1987 is aimed at producing
   power by the extraction of the heat stored in deep, fractured crystalline rocks.




                                            The EGS Power Plant at Soultz-sous-Forêts




   RECOMMENDATIONS

   Based on the observations contained in this report, the Committee recommends
   the following:

        1. Environmental education campaigns and programmes of the Department of
           Economic Development, Environment and Tourism (DEDET) must be
           continuously more visible and effective, particularly in reaching the youth,
           the community members and in working together with the municipalities.




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                20


        2. The Department of Economic Development, Environment and Tourism
           (DEDET) must provide a report on the Greening Mpumalanga programme in
           the Province.

        3. The Department of Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Administration
           (DARDLA) and the DEDET must make a presentation to the Portfolio
           Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Administration;
           Economic Development, Environment and Tourism on the current status
           of agro-processing in the Province and how emerging farmers and
           entrepreneurs are being assisted to enter the bio-fuel industry in the
           Province.




   CONCLUSION

   The Chairpersons would like to thank the Honourable Members of the Portfolio
   Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land Administration;
   Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee
   on Public Works; Roads and Transport for their dedicated participation and co-
   operation during the study tour.

   Furthermore, the Delegation takes this opportunity to express its appreciation to
   the Department of International Relations and Co-operation: Sub-directorate
   Intergovernmental and Provincial Protocol as well as the South African Embassy
   in Paris, under the leadership of Her Excellency, Ambassador KLM Sebati for the
   valuable support and guidance rendered to the delegation, which ensured a
   successful visit to the French Republic. The Committee also recognises the
   support staff of the Legislature for the assistance provided to the Committee
   during the various stages of the study tour.

   Lastly, the Leader of the Delegation requests the House to adopt this report with
   its observations and recommendations.



______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                21




   ______________________                                                                    __________________
   Hon. RC Mahlobogoane (MPL)                                                                                   Date
   Leader of the Delegation




   Source documents consulted and used in the compilation of this report:

          a.         Background information on French Republic: Wikipedia Official Website:
                     http://en.wikipedia.org
          b.         Informal tour of Luxembourg Palace and the French Senat by Senateur
                     Bruno Ferrant. French Senat Official Website: www.senat.fr
          c.         Presentation to the delegation by Mr Regis LEROUX (Conseiller Scientifique
                     at   the   Marie    de Paris),    and    brochure   on   City  of   Paris:
                     www.international.paris.fr
          d.         Presentation to the delegation by Mr Jean-Jacques Yarmoff, Head of
                     International Partnerships. OSEO International Website: www.oseo.fr
          e.         Presentation to the delegation by Mr Albert Genter (Scientific Manager
                     BRGM Geothermal Power Plant)on the BRGM and Soultz Power Plant at
                     Alsace, France. website: www.brgm.fr
          f.         Presentation to the delegation by Roquette Industries International:
                     website: www.roquette.com




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                22




                                             More pictures from France




   South African Embassy in Paris                                  Notre Dame Cathedral




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010
                                                                23




   Main Assembly Hall (Chamber) of the French Senát                At the SYCTOM Waste management plant - Ivry Paris 13




   Arc de Triomphe + French National Flag                           French National Assembly - Paris




______________________________________________________________________________________
Report of the Joint Study Tour to France undertaken by the Portfolio Committee on Agriculture, Rural Development and Land
Administration; Economic Development, Environment and Tourism and the Portfolio Committee on Public W orks; Roads and
Transport : 25 February – 4 M arch 2010

								
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