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					Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007




       Aegis Open Architecture

                  David Griscom
         Technical Director, FMS AWD Program
              david.l.griscom@lmco.com
Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                        Topics


  Overview                               Detect


  Background
  The Story
  Analysis                               Plan / Control


  Leveraging Innovation
  Way Ahead
  Questions and Discussion                Engage
         Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                              Overview

         The world’s most advanced shipboard Anti-Air Warfare
         (AAW) Weapon System
         A highly integrated Combat System
            Multi-Mission warfare
                Air, Surface, Subsurface
                and Strike
         Open Architecture (OA)
         Transformation creates foundation
         for future war fighting capabilities
            SIAP
            Aegis BMD/AAW
            Multi-Mission Capability           U.S Fleet to Include 84 Aegis
                                                  Cruisers and Destroyers
            Naval Integrated Fire Control –
            Counter Air (NIFC-CA)
            Sea-Based Terminal
         Spiral development Speeds Capabilities to the War-Fighter

        Aegis Open Architecture will Enable New Warfighting
Capabilities Required to Pace the Threat for the Life of the Aegis Fleet
                                                                                                Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
                                                                                                 Background … Aegis Development Strategy...
                                                                                                         Continuous Modernization

                                                                                                                    DDG 91-106
                                                                                                                   Radar Upgrade
                                                                                                  DDG 85-90
                                                                                                                   SPY-1D(V)
                                                                                                 Affordability       w/ORTS Mods
                                                                             DDG 79-84                             Advanced
                                                                            Enhanced C/S        COTS Proc essing



                                                                                                                                                              Pacing the Threat . . . Warfighting Upgrades
                                                                                                CEC                  Proc essing
                                                                           COTS Introductio n   ESSM               SQQ-89(V)15
                                                          DDG 68-78        ADS MK 6             Integrated JMCIS   RSCES-D(V)
                                                         Joint Warfare     UYQ-70               CDLMS              AIEWS Ph 1
                                        DDG 59-67                            Consoles           NAVSSI             HAWKLINK KU
                                       SM-2 Upgrade     SPY-1(D) w/T IP    SQQ-89(V)10          C2P Rehost           Band
                                                        LINK 16/JTIDS        and                SQQ-89(V)14        Remote
                                       SM-2 BLK III       Model 5            KINGFISHER         FCS Upgrades         Minehunting
                      DDG 54-58        SM-2 BLK IV      Tactical Graphic   VLS B/L IV (Add         (STAMO)           System




                                                                                                                                                        Cruisers                                                  Destroyers
                    Basic Upgrades     AAW                Capability         Cells)             RSCES              COTS Refresh
                                         Improvements   Combat DF          RAST                 BFTT (AWS
  DDG 51-53         Remote Optical                      TADIXS B/TRE                               Integration)
                                       SPY Computer                        Fiber Optic LAN



                                                                                                                                   1980’s                                            1990’s                                             Today
“Built to Fight”      Sight                             ATWCS              Combat DF
                                         Program
AN /SPY-1 D         Display Upgrades     Upgrades       SLQ-32(V)3           Turnkey
UYK-43/44           LINK 11 Upgrade    Upgraded         Computing Suite    5”/62 Gun
MK 3 4 GWS          ASW OBT              Consoles         Upgrades         Naval Surface
SPS-6 7(V)3         TWS/ASW            Training                              Fire Support
AD S MK II            Integrated         Upgrades                            (NSFS)
WRN-6 GPS
SM-2 BLK II
                      T raining        CIWS                                ID Upgrade Ph 1
MK 1 16 MOD 7       TSS Submode          Improvements                      BFTT (ACTS
                    CIWS ECPs                                                Rehost)




                                                                                                                                     47 - 51             52 - 58           59 - 73            51 - 78               79 - 90        91 AF
  ASCWS
TWS                                                                        ATWCS Ph 2
Digital Multiplex
  System (D MS)
SYQ-7(V)5/54
                          +                  +                +                   +                   +                  +
  (NAVMACS)




                                                        Radar                                                                                 AN/SPY-1A                 AN/SPY-1B                        AN/SPY-1D               AN/SPY-1D(V)

                                   Computing                                                                                                                            Upgraded
                                                                                                                                                                         Mil-Spec
                                                                                                                                                                                             Upgraded
                                                                                                                                                                                              Mil-Spec              Mil-Spec +
                                  Environment                                                                                           Mil-Spec Computing
                                                                                                                                                                        Computing            Computing                COTS        Full COTS


                               Operator                                                                                                                                    Upgraded           Upgraded
                                                                                                                                                                                               Display                    Workstation
                                                                                                                                                                            Display
                              Watchstation                                                                                                 Display Monitor
                                                                                                                                                                            Monitor            Monitor                    Technology

                                               Launcher/                                                                                 Rail                        VLS
                                               Weapons                                                                             (SM-1, SM-2 Blk I)       (Tomahawk, VLA, SM-2 Blk II,   III, IIIB, IV, SM-3)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       VLS

                                                                                                                                     Baseline 1         Baseline 2                Baseline 5                        Baseline 6    Baseline 7
                                                                                                                                    Decomm               First Aegis OA on CG 52                        Aegis Modernization
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    MILSPEC /
                                                                                                                                                    MILSPEC Equipment and Computing                                 Adjuncts            COTS


                                                    Taking Aegis Open Architecture to Sea in 2008
                                       Establishes a Foundation for Affordable Capability Based Modernization
         Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                                             Aegis Combat System

                                                        Aegis LAN
                                                   Interconnect System
        Where                                        Common Network
                                                         (ALIS III)
         We
         are
                              JMCIS        SPY

                                                        SQQ-89               SPQ-9B               EW
                               CDLMS             C&D




   Today
                                                                   Harpoon                 IFF
                             LK 16        WPNS                               SPS-67
                                                        UFCS
                                 LK 11           DSPL              TTWCS                  Nav     SLQ-32
                                                        Lamps                 Gun
                             CEC           VLS

                             EXCOMM         AWS         ASW        Strike    Surface      NAV      EW




            Technical                SPY                                Open C2                   Weapons/
                          Signal           Radar                                                                   VLS
           Assessment                                            Display            C&D          Fire Control
                        Processing         Control

DDG 91      Hardware     Custom              SMP           Mainstream Mainstream                       SMP      Mainstream
 2004       Software     Closed            Closed                Open               Open           Closed         Closed

CG 52       Hardware     Custom          Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream
2008        Software     Closed             Open                 Open               Open               Open       Closed
CG 62/      Hardware    Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream Mainstream
DDG 51
 2012       Software      Open              Open                 Open               Open               Open       Open


          Opportunity Exists Today to Leverage Open C2
         Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
        The Story - Today’s Aegis Combat System
                  Surface Warfighting Electronics Architecture
                                                    System/Subsystem View

  Detect/Control/Engage View                                       Aegis LAN
                                                               Interconnect System
                                                                Common Network
                                                                    (ALIS III)
                                           JMCIS        SPY

                                                                     SQQ-89                       SPQ-9B                      EW
                                            CDLMS             C&D
                                                                                   Harpoon                        IFF
                                          LK 16        WPNS                                        SPS-67
                                                                         UFCS
                                              LK 11          DSPL                     TTWCS                       Nav         SLQ-32
                                                                     Lamps                          Gun
                                           CEC         VLS

                                          EXCOMM         AWS             ASW          Strike      Surface         NAV             EW




Federated, Tiered Architecture            SPY-1 Radar
                                          SPY-                 Sig Pro          C&D            Display       Weapons              VLS

                                          Aegis Weapon System
Efficient ACS Capability changes
Well-Define Roles / Responsibilities             Track Management                 Doctrine          Air Control           Weapons


Supporting Navy’s “SHARE Library”         Senor Management

                                          Command & Control
                                                                            Identification           Links              Display




        Supports Operational and Business Model Objectives
                  Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                   Story - “Modular Design Required”


                                                                                               Then
                                                                                 MILSTD Software Architecture
                                 Shared
                                 Memory                                        • Shared Memory
                                                                               • Legacy Programming Language
                                                                               • Limited Scalability, Extensibility
                                                                               • Expensive to Modify



                                                                                                Now
Sensor / Comms   Track           Display         Weapons
Managers         Mgm’t           Mgm’t           Mgm’t
                                                                   Gun

        ASF          MNF                   DIF              EMF    SM


                                                                                   COTS Modular “Components”
                                                            WDF
        LEF                                                        UWS

        SPF           STM
                                                 Doctrine
                                                            DMF


        CEF
                 Data
                 Distribution
                                                            ICF
                                                                               • Open Computing Environment
        LIF                                PDM
                                                            IDA
                                                                    Identify
                                                                               • Modern Programming Language
IOP




        RCF


        IAF
                                                                               • Modular Functional Allocation
        EWF                                                                    • Library of Common Services
                  Resource                                            Host
                  Management
                                ERM        LRM      NVF      DXR
                                                                   Services
                                                                               • Well Defined API’s Per Component
                             Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                             Extending Commonality Across Platform Types


                                                                                                   CG/DDG   LCS     USCG        FMS
                                                                                                    Mod
Sensor / Comms     Track           Display         Weapons
Managers           Mgm’t           Mgm’t           Mgm’t

                                                                                         Reuse     100%     98%     >75%        100%
                                                                      Gun

        ASF            MNF                   DIF              EMF     SM
                                                              WDF
        LEF                                                           UWS

        SPF            STM
                                                   Doctrine
                                                              DMF

                   Data                                       ICF
        CEF        Distribution

        LIF                                  PDM                        Identify
                                                              IDA
IOP




        RCF


        IAF


        EWF
                   Resource                                                Host
                   Management                                          Services
                                  ERM        LRM      NVF      DXR
                                                                                   Common Source
                                                                                   Common Source
                                                                                     C2 Library
                                                                                      C2 Library




                 CG & DDG Modernization                                                     Deepwater C2     Japan, S. Korea,
                                                                   LCS
                                                                COMBATSS-21                                  Spain, Australia

      “The Coast Guard’s new … Cutters will use approximately 75% of the computer code
                 Guard’
                     Navy’                                                 dollars.”
      supporting the Navy’s Aegis Command and Control … saving millions of dollars.”
                                                                     - ADM Mullen and ADM Allen, USNI Proceedings, August 2006
                  Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                        Story – “Architectural Approach”

                                  IABM
                                   IABM                             …
                                                                              Applications:
                                                Weapon                        • Common Reusable
Infrastructure:                  C2             Control
                                                              SPY               Components
• Common Services and                                                         • Platform Specific
  APIs                                                              Display     Components
• Flexibility to Support                  Infrastructure Services
  Forward-Fit and Back-Fit                                                      “Un-Glue The Stack”
                                            Middleware
OACE:
• Standards-based
  Interfaces
                                      Operating System
                                                                               Hardware is
• Commercial Mainstream                                                        Platform Selected
  Products and
  Technologies                                                                 COTs Refresh
                                                                               Planning
                                             Hardware                          (CR0;1;2;3…)

                                         Accomplishments
              •   Instantiated a layered, scalable component architecture
              •   Establishes a foundation for RCIP
              •   With use of Common Library we can affordably introduce and
                  field new capabilities to entire Aegis fleet (84 Ships)
              •   Extensibility to other Navy Programs
            Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
                      Story - Continuously Leveraging
                           Commercial Products


   COTS Refresh 0     1997       COTS Refresh 1         2001      COTS Refresh 2   2005

    B7PhI
    B7PhI                         B7PhIR
                                  B7PhIR                           CG Mod
                                                                   CG Mod
                    DDG 91-102                      DDG 103-112                    CG 52
                                      LCS / NSC - Derivative

            Non-LM Hardware                               Non-LM Software
                                                     Real Time Operating
                       Computing Platform                         System
                       VME Single Board                          Pub-Sub
                       Computer                          Communications
                       Network Switching                  High Availability
                                                              Middleware
                       SAN Storage
                                                       Enterprise System
                       Network File System                   Management
                       Thin Client LCD Display           Human-Systems
                                                                Software
                       Analog
                       Hardware/Devices                          Network
                                                      Management Tools

Third Tech Insertion; Reduced Footprints and Processor Costs By 75%
               Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
                Story – Adapted System Engineering Process
 System Definition                  System Design                      Implementation                  Integration and Test          Verification & Validation


System Requirements Analysis                                                                                                           System Demonstration
   and Architectural Design                                                                                                                & Certification

SRR
              Requirement Allocation                                      System PIT                                             System Integration
                and System Design                                                                                                     & Test
        SDR
                            Component Requirements                             Equipment
                                                                                                                      Component Test
                         Analysis and Architectural Design                   Ship Integration
                          PDR                                                                                                          TPR
                                                  Component Detailed                             Component Integration
                                                       Design

                                                CDR

                                Computer                            System Implementation                               Computer
                                Programs                                                                                Programs
                                                            Iterative Spiral Process
                                    Inception                  Elaboration                          Construction                     Transition



                                Lifecycle Objective                       Lifecycle Architecture                          Engineering
                                    Review (LOR)                               Review (LAR)                              Assessment (EA)
                     •   Establish Technical Scope and Objectives     •   Describe static/ Dynamic Behavior        • Validate Objectives Met
                     •   Develop Spiral Plan/ Milestones              •   Define Architecture                      • Verify System Performance
                     •   Identify Risks                               •   Define Interfaces
                     •   Establish HL Requirements                    •   Develop HL Design



  Overlay System Level Decomposition and Equipment Implementation
 with Iterative Spiral Development Process for AWS Computer Programs
                Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                         Story - Timeline Reduction


                                       At-Sea Demo

                            OA Radar
                                          DDG 96
     Spiral-1
     Spiral-1
                                                          DDG 103-112

                                             OA Display                          “OA in 08”
                       Spiral-2
                       Spiral-2
                                             OA Weapons     WSMR
                                                                                COTS Refresh 2
•   Focused on Radar, Weapons
•   Model-Centric Development (UML)
•   Modern Languages (C/C++, Java)             Spiral-3
                                               Spiral-3                   CGM
                                                                          CGM
•   Non-Proprietary Interfaces
                                                                                                 CG 52


                                                     2007                        2008

              Completing Modular                                        Fielding Modular Design
                  Designs                                                      Foundation
                         Spiral Development Every Two Years
                        Technology Insertion Every Four years
                         Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
                                      Analysis - Aegis OA Transformation
                                     Patterned After ARCI/APB is Working



            FY94     FY95        FY96      FY97      FY98       FY99    FY00      FY01    FY02   FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07
Sub




           SBIR Initiatives

          Advanced Architecture                 COTS Support

                                 Phase I            Phase II            Phase III/IV

                                                                    APB-
                                                                    APB-1
              Open Architecture Development                        (Sonar)




            FY03     FY04        FY05      FY06      FY07       FY08    FY09       FY10   FY11   FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16
Surface




           SBIR Initiatives

          Advanced Architecture                   COTS Support

                      Spiral I       Spiral 2        Spiral 3

                                                                       Opportunity
                                                                       (C2 System)


               OA In ’08 On Schedule … Ready For “Open Business Model”
        Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

      Leveraging Innovation - Transitioning Third-Party Products


           Technology Collaboration Center Mission
           Foster Beneficial Partnerships with Industry, S&T
            Agencies, and Academia to Accelerate Product
                               Transition


 Small Business, S&T
                                                             r
                                                          nte
                                                        Ce
                                                     on
                                                  ati
                Weapons                     llabor
Tactical C2                              Co
                 Control          nol
                                     ogy
                              Tech



 Display        Sensors
                            Combat System Engineering
                              Mentorship
 University Research           Platform Expertise
                                  Partnership


Seeking Innovative S&T and SBIR Investments For the Warfighter
                 Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                               Business Model Pathfinders
                 28 September 2006
                 Initial Demo of Manual SM                              Collaborative Industry Involvement:
                 Engagement:
                                                        Navy
                                                         Navy             Joint Services
                 • 1% code change to C&D                IABM
                                                        IABM            - GD-AIS; Raytheon; Northrop Grumman
                 • 6 Month Effort
                 • $800K

HAIL (ONR)
 Display                                          Capability        Capability
                                                  Drop One          Drop Two
   Gallium                                          9/07              9/09
   Graphics
    Engine
                            “OA in 08”
                                                                                 CG Mod
                                                                                  CG Mod
              CGM
              CGM                                                                DDG Mod
                                                                                 DDG Mod
                                                        ……..
                                                        ……..
                             USS Bunker Hill
                                 CG 52                  Frequent Small
                                                       Business Demos                          Modernization


             Collaborative Industry
                      Involvement:                    15 March 2006
           - WB&B small Business           ONR
                                           ONR        Initial Demo of CCID:
      - Raytheon ONR Competitive                      • <1% code change to C&D
                                           CCID
                                           CCID       • 3 Month Effort
                  Win (Algorithms)                    • <$300K



        Reduced Effort! Less Cost! Faster Response! More Participants
           Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007

                        Way Ahead … Start in FY07

                 Focus: SPY, Weapons, and Display           Technology                Potential Candidates:
                                                        Collaboration Center           • CCID
                               Opportunity To Prime                                    • JBMC2 (Air Control)
Spiral-1                          The Process                                          • Battle Group “Chat”
Spiral-1                                                   Integrate
                                                            Integrate                  • Periscope Detection
                                                           3rd Party
                                                            3rd Party
      Spiral-2
      Spiral-2
                 Spiral-3
                 Spiral-3                                                 “Jump Start” RCIP
                                  “OA in 08”                          Every 2 Yr’s S&T Transition


                                     USS Bunker Hill       AOA
                                                            AOA                  AOA
                                                                                  AOA                 AOA
                                                                                                       AOA
                                         CG 52            Spiral-4
                                                          Spiral-4              Spiral-5
                                                                                Spiral-5             Spiral-6
                                                                                                     Spiral-6

                                                             MM Signal Processor
                                                             MM Signal Processor
• Fielding Modular Software
                                                        • IABM                 • BMD Merger          • SBT
• Open Standards                                          Integration          • NIFC-CA             • NIFC-CA
                                                                                 (Limited)             (Full)
• Collaborative Peer Review Environment
                                                         2010                  2012                2014
• Full Government Purpose Data Rights


   Modular Design Foundation                           Field Capability Through Modernization


           Balancing RCIP with Complex Integration Challenges
  Asia Pacific Systems Engineering Conference – Adelaide 2007
                Glossary of Terms


AOA      Aegis Open Architecture
AWS      Aegis Weapon System
C2       Command and Control
CR       COTS Refresh
IDS      Interface Design Specification
OACE     Open Architecture Computing Environment
IABM     Integrated Architecture Behavior Model
WSMR     White Sands Missile Range

				
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