Unit 8

Section One

Activity 1
       Sometimes our friends ask us to tell them what we did in the
       past. Answer the following questions.

     1.    Do you sometimes tell your friends stories?
     2.    What do people say to start a story?
     3.    Do people sometimes write their stories?
     4.    Do you write a diary?
     5.    Do you write your experience on a post-card? Why?
     6.    Do some of you also write it for the school magazine?

Activity 2

           The words in the box are things people read or write on. Match
           the words with the questions.

          a. diary        d. biography        f. magazine
          b. newspaper    e. dictionary       g. history book
          c. tabloid

1. What is a thin book that you buy each week or month?
2. What is a newspaper with a lot of photographs in it?
3. What is a story of someone‟s life written by someone else?
4. What is a book that tells you about past events?
5. What is a small notebook in which you write what has happened
   during your day?
6. What do you call sheets of paper with words and pictures printed
   on them? You read this to find out about world events.
7. What is a list of words and their meanings arranged in alphabetical

Activity 3

       Telling past events

a. Complete the following table. Use the words in the list.

    Everyday we        Yesterday we                   started
    stay                                               asked
    look                                          stayed looked
    start                                              baked

b. Now try to complete the following table. Use the words in the list.

    Everyday he        Yesterday he
    goes                                            lost made
    eats                                         ate wrote went

Activity 4

      Complete the following list of words. Use your dictionary to
      get help. Number one has been done as an example. Then
      compare your list with a partner’s.

      a.          do              did
      b.     come                 ____________
      c.     see                  ____________
      d.     wake                 ____________
      e.     feel                 ____________
      f.     ____________         drove
      g.     make                 ____________
      h.     ____________         wrote
      i.     buy                  ____________
      j.     ____________         read
      k.     have                 ____________

Activity 5

       The Simple Past: questions and negatives

   We make questions and negatives with did and didn’t.


   Did you get up early yesterday?                  Yes, I did.
   Did Tina get up early yesterday?                 No, she didn’t.

   We didn’t watch football match last week.
   They didn’t watch football match last week.

      Simple Past Question

             Did + Subject + base form + … ?

      Simple Past Negative                                   did not

             Subject + didn’t + base form + …

       With a partner, make short dialogues as the examples below.

       1. Ela         : Did Tina get up late yesterday?
          Yeni        : Yes, she did. She got up at seven.

       2. Ela         : Did she go to school?
          Yeni        : No, she didn’t. She stayed at home.

       3. Ela         : Did she have breakfast at 8.00?
          Yeni        : No, she didn’t. She had breakfast at 7.30.

       4. Ela         : Did she watch television at 10.00?
          Yeni        : Yes, she did. She watched television until 12.00.

       5. Ela         : Did she have lunch at 12.00?
          Yeni        : No, she didn’t. She had lunch at 12.30.

Activity 6
       The following pictures show what Tina did on a holiday last
       weekend. In pairs, make short dialogues about what she did.

   gambar seorang
   Tina up at 7.00
   a. getbangkit dari     b. haveTina
                                 breakfast         c. wash the dishes
                           makan pagi pukul
   tempat tidurnya
       pukul 7.00

 d. wash her clothes         e. watch TV             f. stay at home
  mencuci pakaian
     pukul 8.00
Now, tell what Tina did that holiday.

   You may begin the story as the following.

           Hi. Listen. I want to tell you something. It was a
           holiday yesterday. Tina didn‟t go to school, and
           her mother wasn‟t home. So she had to do all the

           She got up at seven. Then, at seven thirty she had
           breakfast. She washed the dishes after breakfast.
           Then, at 8.00 she washed her clothes.
           After that she ….

Section Two

Activity 1
       Tell your friends the activities you did yesterday.

             Activities                            Yesterday
get up
eat breakfast
get to school
go to bed

Use the verbs in the list. Write the past form of the verbs. You may
use some words more than one time.

                      go       get     eat    do
                      make     ride    take lose

Tom : What did you do this weekend?
Sue : I _______ up late on Saturday. I ______________ my bike in the
      park in the morning. And my family and I _____________ lunch
      in the park
Tom : Did you do any work in the house?
Sue : Yes, I ___________ the sandwiches for our picnic in the park,
      and I __________ the dishes after supper. What did you do this
Tom : I did chores all Saturday morning. First I _____________ my bed
      and cleaned my room. I _____________ out the garbage, and
      then I _____________ to the post office for my mother. Then I
      _____________ my homework in the afternoon.
Sue : Did you do anything for fun?
Tom : Well, I played football on Sunday, but my team
Sue : I‟m sorry to hear that.

Activity 2

        Tina’s brother celebrated his birthday last night. Tina told her
        friends about what she did with the family.

a. Find out how her brother celebrated his birthday.

   Hi, every body. Let me tell you something. Last night
   we went to a restaurant with my family. You know, it
   was my brother‟s birthday.

   Well, we ate a pizza and salad, and then we ate some
   ice cream with chocolate topping.

   After dinner at the restaurant we went home. We
      Tina also wrote the experience in her diary.
   arrived home rather late.

   It was really fun.

b. Answer the following questions.

   1.   How did Tina‟s brother celebrate his birthday?
   2.   What did Tina eat at the restaurant?
   3.   What did Tina and the family do after dinner?
   4.   How did Tina begin her story?
   5.   What did she tell her friends about?
   6.   Did she tell the events in the order they happened?
   7.   How did Tina end her story?
   8.   Do you like the story?

c. In conversations, people usually use expressions like: Hi, every body,
   and well. Find the rest in Tina‟s story.
       ________________ _______________ ______________

Activity 3

       Tina wrote what she told in her diary. Your teacher will read
       the entry for you. But some words in the entry are missing.

a. Listen to your teacher and write the missing words in the blank

                               Friday, 15 February 2008

                                     Dear Diary,

                                     Last night I went to a restaurant
                                     with my _________. It was my
                                     brother’s __________.

                                     We ate ________ and salad then ate
                                     some ice cream with _________

                                     After dinner at the __________ we
                                     went home. We arrived home rather

b. Answer these questions.

     1. Is the message in Tina‟s story and diary different?
     2. What expressions were not used in her diary? Why?
     3. What words or phrases are used to order the events?

When you write in a diary you often use the past tense. This is because
you usually tell what happened in the past.

c. Write the verbs in Tina‟s diary here.

        _____________ _____________ _____________

   The verbs above are past tense. They tell us that the actions
   happened in the past.

   Tina did these things one after another.

d. Put these events in the order they happened.

   ____ She went home.
   ____ She went to a restaurant.
   ____ She ate some ice cream.

          ____ She ate a pizza and salad.

  Activity 4
         Sometimes we need to send our friends
         some information or news. Sometimes we
         write information on our own. Sometimes
         we get information by reading. Answer
         the following questions.

1. Do you send a post-card to friends?
2. Do you tell a friend about a trip you had?
3. Do you keep a diary?
4. Some people keep a diary. They write their
   interesting events. They want to keep
   them as memories.
5. Do you read history books?
6. Do you like reading biographies?

When we talk or write about past events, we are giving a recount. So
what you write on a postcard telling a friend about your trip, for
example, is a recount.

Writings in some history books, biographies, and
diaries also use recounts, because they tell
about past events.

  Activity 5

        Time Conjunctions

  In her diary, Tina used special words when she talked about her
  father‟s birthday, because she wanted to tell the reader what happened
  first, second, next … and so on.

  a. Find the following words in Tina's story diary above. Circle them.

        then             after dinner              last night

  b. Now write the words above in the order they appear in the story.


Activity 6

      Action Verbs

Each of Tina's sentences has a verb in it. Without a verb each sentence
is not complete. Tina has used many action verbs in her recount; for
example, went and stayed.

What are action verbs?
These verbs show the actions when you do them, like ….

Activity 7

      Answer the following questions.

1. Have you ever joined a study tour?
2. Did you tell your Dad or Mum your experience?
3. Did you write a postcard to your
4. Did you also keep what you
   experienced in a diary?
5. What places did you visit during your
   study tour?
6. Did your teacher ask you to write a
   story after the trip?

Activity 8

      Nita wrote about her school's trip to the Botanical Gardens for
      the school magazine. Read all about it.

                   A Tour to the Botanical Gardens
                               by Nita

   On Thursday 24 April, Year Seven students went to the Botanical
   Gardens. We walked down and got into the bus.

   After we arrived at the gardens, we walked down to the Education
   Centre. We went to have a look around. First we went to the
   Orchid Farm and Mrs Rita read us some of the information. Then
   we looked at all the lovely plants. After that we went down to a
   little spot in the Botanic Gardens and had morning tea.

   Next we took some pictures and then we went back to the
   Education Centre to have lunch. After that we went for a walk.

   A lady took us around and introduced herself, then she explained
   what we were going to do. Next she took us in to the green house.
   It was most interesting.

   Soon after we had finished we went back outside. Then we got into
   the bus and returned to school.

Answer the following questions.

   1. What is the text about?
   2. The word „we‟ in the text above refers to

   3. Did Nita tell what Year Seven students do?
   4. When did they do it? Where?
   5. What was the first thing they did when they arrived?
   6. What did they do next?
   7. Who do you think Mrs Rita was?
   8. What did she do?
   9. Where did Year Seven go next?
   10. How did they return to school?

Activity 9

          Now let’s study the text more closely. Discuss it in groups of

1. The time conjunctions in the story are used to order the events.

     Underline the time conjunctions in Nita's recount.
     Then, write them down in the order they appear in the text.

          __On Thursday 27 April          ______________   _____________

          _______________________        ______________ ______________

2.   Why did Nita write the story to the school magazine?
3.   Does she put the events in the story in the order they happened?
4.   Circle the verbs that Nita uses to tell the events.
5.   Do the verbs show the actions you can see?
6.   Are the verbs present tense or past tense?
7.   Which part of the text is meant to end her story?

Activity 10

          Answer the following questions.

1. At the beginning of Nita‟s story, she told who the characters are,
   where the event took place and when it happened.

     Underline the answers to these questions in Nita‟s story.

          Who took part in this trip?
          When did it take place?
          Where did it take place?

2. In the next part of her story Nita tells the events during her trip one
    after another. She tells them in the order they happened. This makes
    her story easy to follow.

Nita wrote the events of the day in the order they happened.

3. Check her story again. Then number these sentences in their correct

   We got on the bus and returned to school.
   We went to a little spot to have morning tea.
   We went around the farm to see beautiful orchids.
   We walked down to the Education Centre.
   We got on the bus to go to the Botanic Gardens.
   We went back to the Education Centre to have lunch.

At the end of Nita's story she tells us how the day ended.

4. Underline the sentences that show the end of Nita's story.

Nita made her story more interesting by telling us what she thought or
felt about different things she saw, for example, she says:

                Then we looked at all the lovely plants.
                   We went down to a little spot.
                       It was most interesting.

These are her personal comments on what she experienced on that day.

Section Three

Activity 1

       Let’s write a story.

This is your basic story.
Try to add details.
The words in brackets should help you.
Do this in groups of four.

      A truck driver stopped for a meal       (where? when?).
      The driver was eating and drinking (what?)         when some
      young men from a motor-cycle gang came in and started
      causing trouble. They drank the driver‟s drink (what?)
      and ate some of his food (what?) . The driver did nothing.
      He got up, paid the bill and left. One of the young men spoke to
      the café owner. „That driver isn‟t much of a man,‟ he said. The
      owner was looking out of the window and replied, „He isn‟t
      much of a driver either. He‟s just driven his truck over some
      (how many?) motor cycles.‟

(Your group may come up with something like this.)

     A truck driver stopped for a lunch at a small restaurant one afternoon.
     The driver was eating fried rice and drinking coffee when some young
     men from a motorcycle gang came in and started causing trouble.

Activity 2

        Mary tells about what she did for her mother on a Mothers’
        Day. She wrote this on her school magazine. Answer the
        following questions.

1.   Do you celebrate a Mothers‟ Day?
2.   Do you do something special for your mother?
3.   Do we sometimes have breakfast in bed?
4.   Have you seen a person having breakfast in bed?
5.   Why do they have breakfast in bed?
6.   What date is Mother‟s Day?
7.   Is there any Father‟s Day?
8.   What do you do for your Dad on that day?

Activity 3

        Answer the following questions.

1. How does Mary begin her story?
2. How does she end the story?
3. Can you follow the story easily?

Read Mary’s article about the events on a Mother’s Day.

                                             On Mother’s Day
                                                    by Mary

                                     Last Sunday was Mother‟s Day. I
                                     woke up at 7.00. I wanted to make
                                     breakfast for mum. I wanted her
                                     to have breakfast in bed.

                                     I got a present for mum and
                                     wrapped it up. I put a bow on it.

     Then I went to the kitchen and made two pieces of toast. I put
     some butter and jam. I also made a cup of tea. Then I put
     everything on a tray.

     Then I brought the breakfast to mum‟s bed. I said, “Happy
     Mother‟s Day, Mummy.” And she said, “Thank you so much.”

     Then my dad came and said, “You don‟t have to cook on
     Mothers‟ Day”. So we went to Pizza Hut for dinner.

Activity 4

        In pairs, answer the following questions.

1.   What was the text about?
2.   Who were in the story?
3.   Where did the story take place?
4.   When did the story happen?
5.   When was the Mothers‟ Day?
6.   Why did the writer wake up at 7.00?
7.   Why did she make breakfast for his mother?
8.   What does the writer want with this text?
     a. To tell things that happened in the past
     b. To tell the listeners how to do something
     c. To describe something as it is
     d. To explain why things happen

Activity 5

        Choose one of the group members to tell the story. Let him or
        her practise reading it aloud in the group before telling it.

a. Read the following story and underline the four action verbs in it.

     Our cat loves a ball. One day she played with it. We threw the
     ball on the floor and she ran after it. Then she rolled it with her

b. How many different action verbs can you think of to make the
   following is sentence complete?

     Mary ____________________ Mount Bromo.

     Write them in this space.

        ____________________      __________________
        ____________________      __________________
        ____________________      __________________

Section Four

Activity 1

        Meet five of your friends.
        Ask them where they were and what they did last weekend.
        Then, fill up the table below.

You may use the following questions to ask your friends.

1.   Where were you last weekend?
2.   What did you do? What time?
3.   What did you after that?
4.   What did you do then?

Number one is done as an example.

      Name        Event/Where?/When?         Event/Where?/When?

                 Tina went to the market    Then, she bought a
 1. Tina         in the morning to buy      tabloid at a newsstand.
                 some fruit.                After that she went





Activity 2

       Tell your friend sitting next to you about what your five
       classmates did last weekend.

Activity 3

       With a friend, discuss what you can tell about what you did
       yesterday or last weekend. Then, take turn telling about what
       you did.

Use the following cues:
1. Use what Tina did last Sunday as a model.
2. Tell what you did first, what next, … and last.
3. Take turn telling your friend what you did.
4. Tell the class what you did.

Activity 4

       Get ready to tell the class what you did.

Remember that you should:
1. begin your story by telling
   a. when and where it happened
   b. who the character was
2. tell the events in order they happened
3. end your story with good ending.

You could:

                                        Tell about a car
          Tell about                accident you witnessed.
        something that                                          Tell about
         happened to                                          your holiday.
          your pet.

                                    Choose a story of
                                       your own.

             Tell about a special                     Tell what happened
                     day.                            in the last episode of
                                                       your favourite TV

Activity 5

       Now it’s your time to construct your story. Work in groups of

1. Use the story your teacher and the class just created.
2. The Story Plan below will be your guide for writing your notes.
3. Keep these in mind when you write.
    Write in sentences.                                Have you got a
   a. Keep it interesting.                              good title for
   b. Add an illustration.                              your writing?
   c. Don't forget to use verbs in the past tense.


After you have finished, read the checklist below. If you can answer yes
to the question, put a tick at the end of that question. If you can't, go
back and fix your story, and then put a tick.

1   Do you give the who, where and when information at the beginning of
    your recount?
2   Do you tell the events in the order they happened?
3   Do you use time conjunctions?
4   Do you use action verbs in the past tense?                Practice
5   Do you add some personal comments?                         makes
6   Do you use full stops at the ends of sentences?           perfect.
7   Do you use capital letters for proper nouns?
8   Do you check your spelling?

                                Story Plan


    Who, when, where

    Series of events (events in the order they happened)

    What happened in the end

Section Five

Read the following two poems. The poems are about two things that
we can find in the nature. One is about an animal, the cow, and the
other is about a natural phenomenon, the rainbow. Discuss the
expressions in the two poems with your friends and teacher. Then,
read them aloud. Pay attention to the stress and intonation. Choose
one of the poems and present it to the class.


The friendly cow all red and white,
I love with all my hearts:
She gives me cream, with all her might,
To eat with apple-tart.

She wanders lowing here and there,
And yet she cannot stray,
All in the pleasant open air,
The pleasant light of day;

And blown by all the winds that pass
And wet with all the showers,
She walks among the meadow grass
And eats the meadow flowers.

                                       Robert Louis Stevenson


Boats sail on the rivers,
And ships sail on the seas;
But clouds that sail across the sky
Are prettier far than these.

There are bridges on the rivers,
As pretty as you please;
But the bow that bridges heaven,
And overtops the tree,
And builds a road from earth to sky,
Is prettier far than these.

                                       Christina Rossetti

Section Six


   1. Write a story about what you did yesterday, last week, or two
      weeks ago. Use the story plan in Activity 26 as a guide.
   2. Exchange your story with your friend’s. Then, write a story
      about what your friend did in your own words.

Section Seven


       Activity 1

a. Talk about the following comic strip with your teacher. Then, using
    short notes, write the answers to the questions under each picture.

         I have got a
         pizza for my
         lunch. What
          about you?

Do as the examples.

Who are the characters?    What happened next? How did the story

__Tina and Tini_______      __________________         _____________

What was happening?         __________________         _____________

 They were busy talking     __________________         _____________

__before eating lunch.      __________________         _____________

Where did it happen?        __________________         _____________

_____________________       __________________         _____________

When did it happen?         __________________         _____________

_____________________       __________________         _____________

b. Check your answers with your teacher.

c. Make groups of six. Appoint the group representative. He or she will
    present the story to the class.

Activity 2

      Using your notes, help your teacher write a story on the board.

1. Choose some time conjunctions from the word bank to begin your
2. Include some personal comments like what Nita did.
3. Think of a good title for your class recount.

               Word bank
               at lunchtime        next       afterwards
               then                while      when
               finally             first      lastly
               a few minutes later

You may use the following expressions to help your teacher write a
story about the pictures above.

              At lunchtime Tina and
              her friend sat together on    They put their lunch
              a bench.                      boxes on the bench.

             They were busy talking to                (etc.)
             each other.

Section Eight


In this unit we learn how to present a story about what happened in the
past. Our story is organized to include:
    • information about „who‟, „where‟ and „when‟;
    • a record of events usually recounted in chronological order;
    • personal comments or evaluative remarks
    • the record of events;
    • reorientation that „rounds off‟ the sequence of events.

Common grammatical patterns in a story about the past include:
  • use of nouns and pronouns to identify people, animals or things
  • use of action verbs to refer to events;
  • use of past tense to locate events in relation to speaker‟s or
    writer‟s time;
  • use of conjunctions and time connectives to sequence the events;
  • use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to indicate place and time;
  • use of adjectives to describe nouns.


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