Islamic Legal History

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					Version June 2006

1. Title of subject     Islamic Legal History
2. Subject code         PIH0015
3. Status of subject    Foundation
4. Version              Date of Previous Version: May 2005
                        Date of Current Version: June 2006
5. Credit hour          3

LAN’s Credit Hour       3.05
Equivalent
6. Semester             Trimester III, Pre-University / Foundation Year
7. Pre-Requisite        Nil
8. Method of delivery   Lectures and Tutorials
9. Assessment
                                  Coursework         50%
                                  Final Examination 50%
                                  Total             100%

10. Teaching staff      Ahmad Zainal Abidin, Nilofar Mohd Kamil

11. Objective of
subject                 1.     To familiarize the students with the historical development of Islamic Law.
                        2.     To advance a comparative view of the doctrines and principles of Shariah and that of
                               Civil Law.
                        3.     To help the students understand the development of the Islamic Jurisprudence from the
                               period of Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h) until the period of the Abbasids.
                        4.     To examine the methods of legislation being implemented throughout the history and
                               ways of interpreting the law.

12. Learning            At the end of the course, students should be able to:
Outcomes of Subject
                        1.     Understand the meaning and concept of law in Islam
                        2.     Differentiate between Islamic Law and man-made law
                        3.     Appreciate the historical development of Islamic Legal System from the period of
                               Prophet till the period of Abbasids.
                        4.     Analyse the factors that brought to the formation of mazahib.
                        5.     Understand the emergence of period of taqlid.

                                               Programme Outcomes                             % of contribution
                                  Acquisition and application of basic principles of law            50
                                  Strong basic knowledge to pursue degrees in law
                                   disciplines                                                        30
                                  Dedicated, committed, professional and ethical in
                                   carrying out duties and responsibilities                           10
                                  Ability to communicate and interact effectively and
                                   confidently at all levels                                          10
13. Synopsis of subject   In this course students will be exposed to the basic knowledge on the development of
                          Islamic Legal System from the period of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) to the period of
                          Abbasids Dynasty. Discussion covers the method and approach of the jurists in making
                          fatwa, deciding cases, development of major schools of thought (mazahib) and Taqlid.

                          Kursus ini akan menekankan kepada pengetahuan asas perkembangan Sistem Perundangan
                          Islam daripada zaman Nabi Muhammad (s.a.w), para sahabat hingga kepada zaman
                          pemerintahan Kerajaan Abasiyyah. Perbincangan meliputi cara-cara dan pendekatan ulama-
                          ulama fiqah dalam membuat fatwa, memutuskan penghakiman, serta perkembangan
                          mazhab-mazhab terbesar dan zaman taqlid.


14. Details of subject                                  Contents                              Lectures   Tutorials
                          Introduction                                                           6          2
                          Meaning of Law
                          Necessity for the existence of law
                          Definition of Islamic Law (Shariah & Fiqh);
                          Objectives of Islamic Law (5 basic principles)
                          Difference between Shariah and Fiqh; Difference between Islamic
                          Law and man-made law.

                          Pre Islamic Background                                                 3          1
                          Rule, customs and practices of the people of Arabia before the
                          arrival of Islam

                          Period of the Prophet                                                  3          1
                          Revelation of the Quran, Makki and Madani period; Characteristics
                          and methods of Legislation; Ijtihad of the Prophet

                          Period of the Companion (Sahabah)                                      5          2
                          Development of fiqh during the period of sahabah
                          Method and approach of Khulafa’ al-Rashidin in legislation and
                          making fatwa

                          Period of Ummayads Dynasty                                             5          2
                          Kharijites, Shiahs & Sunni; Early development of Islamic Law;
                          Narration and Fabrication of Hadith; Origin of early school of
                          Law; Ahl-Ray; Ahl-Hadith

                          Formation of School of Legal Thoughts (Mazahib)                        4          1
                          Hanafi Schools, Maliki Schools.

                          Period of Abbasid Dynasty                                              4          2
                          Ummayyad’s deviation;
                          Shafie Schools, Hanbali Schools; Differences of opinion (Al-
                          Ikhtilaf) and its causes

                          Period of Stagnation and Decline                                       4          2
                          Definition; Emergence of Blind Imitation (Taqlid) and its reasons

                          Total Contact Hours                                                 34          13
                          LAN’s Equivalent Credit Hours                                      2.43        0.62
15. Text                       Dr Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips, The Evolution of Fiqh, A.S Nordeen , Kuala
                                  Lumpur.
16. References
                 1.   Abdul Rahman Idoi, Shariah the Islamic Law, A.S Noordeen, Kuala Lumpur
                 2.   Anwar Ahmad Qadri, Islamic Jurisprudence in the Modern World, Taj Company,
                      Delhi,1997
                 3.   Mahmasani, Subhi, Philosophy of Jurisprudence In Islam,(Falsafat al-Tasri’ fi al-
                      Islam), Penerbitan Hizbi, Malaysia, 1987
                 4.   Hassan, Ahmad, Early Development of Islamic Jurisprudence, Islamabad, Pakistan,
                      1970
                 5.   Ramadhan, Said, Islamic Law Its Scope and Equity, Geneva, 1970
                 6.   Lawrence Rosen, Justice of Islam: Comparative Perspectives on Islamic Law and
                      Society, 2002
                 7.   David S. Powers, Law, Society & Culture in the Maghrib, 1300-1500, 2002.
                 8.   Robert Gleave, Islamic Law: Theory & Practice.2001

				
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