Spelling+Development_1_

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					Small Steps to the Lesson Plan
• March 11 or March 16: Thinking Sheet Due
  for Class Check (add to syllabus; meet with me
  if want) – type to keep a copy for you
• March 18: Text Talk Element Due (Guided
  Reading Query Sets) get feedback after Spring
  Break
• April 6 or April 8: Word Study Demonstration
  Due (practice and get feedback from peers – see
  grading sheet in your handout)
• April 15: Lesson Plan Due
• April 22 or April 29: Literacy Center Due
Stages of Spelling
  Development
How do children learn how
        to spell?
            Concepts of print

   Letter-sound correspondence (match)

    Spelling within a one-syllable word

     Build words with multi-syllables

    Word meanings related to spelling
     How do children learn how
             to spell?
    INVENTED SPELLING…

•     Concepts of print   1. Emergent:Scribbles>letters
•     Letter-sound            & directionality
      correspondence      2. Letter-Name: Alphabetic
                              principle, consonants /
                              short vowels /cons.blends
•     Spelling within     3. Within-word patterns: long
      a word                  vowel, bossy-r, vowel
                              combinations
•     Build words with    4. Syllables & Affixes (Word
      multi-syllables         Endings): plurals, tenses
                          5. Derivational Relations:
•     Word meanings           relationship btw spelling &
                              meaning, various forms
      Can you match them up?
  Emergent          Early Letter Name       Late Letter Name


personable, personality
kit (kite)
runing (running)
lOEO~~OllOAOo~~
TD (today)
frend (friend)

                 Within-Word      Syllables/Affixes       Derivational


What should you teach next? See also p. 314-315 4th or p. 178-179 5th
Steps in Determining Student’s
Stage of Spelling Development

•   1. Choose writing samples
•   2. Identify misspelled words
•   3. Make a spelling analysis chart
•   4. Categorize student’s misspellings
•   5. Tally the errors
•   6. Identify topics for instruction
 Spelling Development in
Within Word Pattern Stage
• Vowel patterns (long, r-controlled,
  w-controlled, l-controlled) see p. 175
• Dipthongs (Whiners – oo, oy/oi,
  ow/ou; aw/au)
• Complex Consonants (ck, ch/tch, kn,
  dge/ge, squ, scr/spr/str)
• Pacing Chart WTW p. 180
Today a person at home called us and said that a bomb was in our school
and made us go outside and made us wait a half of an hour and it made us
waste our time on learning. The end. (Written by Marc in Grade 1)
Letter-Name Alphabetic       Within-Word       Syllables & Affixes




Other Issues         Conclusion:     Goals for Word Study Instruction:

                                     1.

                                     2.

                                     3.

                                     4.
                                 Letter Formation
                                 b for d
                                 z for s




Today a person at home called
us and said that a bomb was in
our school and made us go
outside and made us wait a
half of an hour and it made us
waste our time on learning.
The end.
• Conclusion: Marc spelled 56% of the
  words correctly and most of his spelling
  errors were in the letter-name and within-
  word patterns stages, which is typical of
  first graders’ spelling.

• What goals for word study instruction?
  –   Letter d (vs. b) and letter s (vs. z)
  –   High-frequency words
  –   CVCe vowel pattern
  –   ed past tense ending
        Try it out…


Mapping Early Literacy
 Writing Samples to
   Developmental
   Spelling Stages
     Sample & Stage   How do you know?   Where do you go next?
1.




2.
     Sample & Stage   How do you know?   Where do you go next?
3.




4.
     Sample & Stage   How do you know?   Where do you go next?
5.




6.
      Teaching Spelling
• Sound it out > Think it out (think
  about spelling patterns, root words,
  affixes, the shape of the word, etc)
• Stretch & spell each sound;
• Break the word into syllables and use
  patterns from open and closed
  syllables;
• Word Walls; Word Sorts; and Making
  Words
• Interactive Writing: model and write
  WITH students helping
               Quiz
• Phonics patterns (short and long
  vowels; open and closed syllables) and
  examples of each
• Developmental stages of spelling and
  examples of patterns in each stage
• Word sorting basics
• Types of guided reading instruction
  and levels of scaffolding
    How do children learn how
      to spell? (Your turn!)
•   Concepts of print   Derivational Relations:
•   Letter-sound         relationship btw spelling &
    correspondence       meaning, various forms
                        Syllables & Affixes (Word
                         Endings): plurals, tenses
•   Spelling within     Emergent:Scribbles>letters
    a word               & directionality
                        Within-word patterns: long
•   Build words with     vowel, bossy-r, vowel
    multi-syllables      combinations
                        Letter-Name: Alphabetic
•   Word meanings        principle, consonants /
                         short vowels /cons.blends
  Can you match them up?

personable, personality    …   Derivational
              kit (kite)   …   Mid-Late Letter Name
       runing (running)    …   Syllables/Affixes
   lOEO~~OllOAOo~~         …   Emergent
            TD (today)     …   Early Letter Name
        frend (friend)     …   Within-Word