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What Is Pseudomonas Aeruginosa-

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What Is Pseudomonas Aeruginosa- Powered By Docstoc
					It is an opportunistic, widespread bacterium, which is responsible for numerous
human and animal diseases. Pseudomonas aeruginosa normally set up in water, soil
and even in an environment like hot tubs. It requires very little amount of oxygen to
prosper and colonized in various manmade and natural environments. This bacterium
seldom poses any problem for healthy people rather the people with poor health and
weak immune system usually fall victim of this bacteria.
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an aerobic, rod shaped, Gram negative and an
opportunistic human pathogen. It is also an opportunistic pathogen of plants.
  Normally, the areas, which are more infected by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa,
include burns, wounds, and urinary and pulmonary tract. This bacterium is also
responsible for numerous blood infections as well. These bacteria are considered as
the most common colonizer of the medical devices. It is also the major cause behind
burn infections and postoperative infection in radial keratotomy surgery patients.
Another major infection associated to this bacterium is osteomyelitis involving
puncture wounds of the foot. The other conditions like swimmer’s ear and hot tub rash
are also associated with these bacteria. These are minor conditions, which can be
either controlled by using some sort of antibiotics or resolve without any treatment.
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known for its colonization and it is therefore necessary
to cut it off from the non-sterile sites. The process of isolating the bacteria from the
non-sterile sites requires special attention, so it is suggested to go for medical advice
from your health practitioner before starting treatment. For minor signs of these
bacteria, there might be no need of any treatment. But if the situation worsens, then
treatment is must and it becomes necessary to isolate the colonies of these bacteria
from non-sterile sites such as, bones, blood, and deep collections, mouth, sputum and
swabs.
  It has been proved that this bacterium is naturally resistant to most of the antibiotics.
This resistant further strengthen after unsuccessful treatment. However, there are still
some antibiotics, which are active against Pseudomonas aeruignosa. These antibiotics
include antipseudomonal penicillins, carbapenems, cephalosporins, monobactams,
polymyxins, aminoglycosides and quinolones. Remember, all these antibiotics are
used in the form of injections except for aerosolized tobramycin and
fluoroquinolones.
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa, being an opportunistic pathogen, has a very low antibiotic
vulnerability that is really a worrisome characteristic of these bacteria. Although, it
has natural resistance against antibiotics, it also develops resistance by alteration in
genes or by horizontal gene transfer of antibiotics resistance determinants.
  For the prevention of this disease, the medical grade honey may help you in reducing
the colonization of the pathogens, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In an ICU
setting, probiotic prophylaxis may provide some help to delay onset of pseudomonas
infection and prevent its colonization.
  Like any other infection, pseudomonas infection can also be severe. It is therefore
requested to have a proper treatment of this in the light of your physician’s advice.
  You might want to learn more about Pseudomonas aeruginosa.