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					Overcoming Barriers
      to EHS



      MEM Seminar Series 2001/2002
     School of Design and Environment
      National University of Singapore
              August 25, 2001
Presentation Outline
 ProfileJebsen & Jessen
 The First EHS Efforts
 Formal EHS Management
 Achievements and Failures
 “Spoon Feeding” Approach
 Benefits and Shortcomings
 Achieving Lasting Consistency
 The Next Chapter: Sustainability
Jebsen & Jessen SEA




       A Brief Corporate Profile
ASEAN Regional
Network

   40 companies operating under seven
    activity-related divisions

   Areas of operation: ASEAN

   Number of employees: 2,500
Regional Coverage

                              Vietnam
                              Ho Chi
       Thailand                Minh
       Bangkok                (Saigon)
       Chiengm                 Hanoi
          ai
                                                Philippines
                                                 Manila
                                                  Cebu
   W. Malaysia
       Kuala
    Lumpur
      Penang                                   Brunei
      Johore                                 Bandar Seri
      Bahru              Sarawak
                                              Bagawan
      Kuantan            Kuching
                                             Kuala Belait
        Ipoh
    Malacca                                 Sabah
                                         Kota Kinabalu


        Singapore



          Indonesia
             Jakarta
            Surabaya
              Medan
           Semarang
            Bandung
         Ujung Pandang
Regional Businesses
   Chemicals
   Communications
   Industrial Products
   Marketing
   Material Handling
   Packaging
   Process Technology
Chemicals




       Chemicals   Nutrition   Metals
Communications




Corporate Network   Telecommunications   Broadcast
  Industrial Products




mps   Well screens   Cutting Tools   Special Electric Cabl
Marketing




Consumer   Medical & Scientific   Textiles   Automotive
                       Spares
   Material Handling




ranes & Hoists   Logistic Systems   IPD   Spares & Service
  Packaging




oulded Foam Packaging   Integrated Packaging   Constructio
Process Engineering




Industrial Plant Marketing   Industrial Plant Contracting
Group Statistical Profile
                  MY                       CHE 22 %
                  27%                                       MKT 19%
      TH
      18%
                                     IPD 9%
   PH 4%                IND 9%
                                                              COM 12%
                                      PKG 7%
              SIN
              42%
                                        PRT 7%        MHE 25%




       Revenue by country         Revenue by regional business unit

                                               IPD
                  SIN                          12%     CHE
                  29%                                  9%
                                       PKG
                                                              MKT
     TH                                 11%
                                                              14%
                          PH 6%
     15%
                                                              COM 7%
                                      PRT 7%
            MY           IND
            31%         18%                                     HLD 7%
                                                     MHE
                                                      32%




      Employees by country        Employees by regional business unit
The First EHS Efforts


 Management    Conference 1993

 Member  of Executive Committee overall
 in charge

 Minor   and random initiatives
Corporate Commitment
   To be a leading provider within ASEAN of quality products and
    services dedicated to fulfilling customer needs with professionalism
    and integrity.

   To maintain an environment that attracts, develops, retains, rewards
    and motivates talent and productivity.

   To establish environmental excellence in all our business enterprises
    and actively promote environmentally responsible behaviour at all
    levels of our organisations and in customers, suppliers and
    principals.

   To strive for an outstanding corporate and individual behaviour to
    maintain lasting trust and confidence of our customers, employees
    and suppliers.

   To maintain a level of profitability that sustains growth, ensures
    quality and provides generous rewards to staff and an adequate
    return to shareholders
 The Background
                     Japan/US/EU   ASEAN
EHS awareness
 Public               Moderate     Low, growing
 Employees            Moderate     Mixed
 Retail customers     Moderate     Limited
 Industrial customers Moderate     Moderate
Intrinsic mgmt interestMixed       Low
Strategic mgmt interest            Mixed
                      Low
ISO 14001             Low/Moderate Moderate
 The Background
                Japan/US/EU         ASEAN
Regulations     Strong             Strong
Reg enforcement Strong             Low -
Moderate
Media focus     Bad/shock news     Good / bad
news
                - Pollution, injuries- Govt
influence
NGOs            Large memberships        Limited
role
Labour unions   Moderate size      Limited role
Formal EHS
Management




             1995
EHS as a Central Service
                 Executive Management

Finance & Treasury
Corporate & Legal Affairs
Human Resources
                               Providing
Environment, Health & Safety   Central     40 Member
                               Services
Corporate Communication                    Companies
Information Technology
Internal Audit & Taxation
EHS Management
                Environment, Health & Safety Organisation

                    Executive Board                                                 Joint-Venture
                  Operational Effectiveness                                         Boards

             Director - Env.,                                                               Regional Managing
   ----
  |
  |
  |
  |
                 Central
             Health & Safety                                                                Directors

                Services
  |
  |
  |
  |
  |
             Manager - Env.,                        Internal Audit                              Company
  |
  ----
  |
  |
  |
                Unit EHS
             Health & Safety                           CSU Audit
                                                    Department                                  Managers
  |
  |
                     |
  |
                     |
  |
                     |
  |
                     |
  |
                     |

                                                                                              EHS Chair
                                                                                              EHSChairs
  |
                     |
  |
  |                      ----------------------------------------------------------------
  |
  |
  |
  |
  |
  |



      ----     Consultants                                                                  EHS Committee
                                                                                             EHS Committees
Decentralised Approach




Within overall EHS policies, each member
company was expected to pursue its own
initiatives
Accomplishments 1995-
1997
1. EHS audits and understanding of weaknesses
2. Group EHS Policy
3. Network of EHS chairs and committees
4. Review of EHS laws in our 5 major countries
5. Training materials and programmes
6. Network of EHS expertise (consultants, organisations)
7. Audit checklists, facility checklists, procurement guide
8. Awareness campaign
9. Various EHS performance improvement projects
Idealism vs. Pragmatism


   CFC Business
   TBTO
   Hazardous Wastes
   Paint
   Furniture
   Polystyrene
Hocking (1991): Hot-
Drink Container LCA
Item                 Paper Cup Polyfoam Cup

Per Cup
Raw Materials
Wood/Bark (g)        33             0
Petroleum (g)        4.1            3.2

Per Mg of Material
Utilities
Steam (kg)           9,000-12,000   5,000
Power (GJ)           3.5            0.4-0.6
Cooling Water (m3)   50             154
Hocking (1991): Hot-
Drink Container LCA
Item                   Paper Cup Polyfoam Cup

Per Mg of Material
Water Effluent
Volume (m3)            50-190    0.5-2
TSS (kg)               35-60     Trace
BOD (kg)               30-50     0.07
Organochlorides (kg)   5-7       0
Metal Salts            1-20      20
Hocking (1991): Hot-
Drink Container LCA
Item                 Paper Cup Polyfoam Cup

Per Mg of Material
Air Emissions
Chlorine (kg)        0.5       0
Sulfides (kg)        2.0       0
Particulates (kg)    5-15      0.1
Pentane (kg)         0         35-50
Hocking (1991): Hot-
Drink Container LCA
Item                    Paper Cup Polyfoam Cup

Per Mg of Material
Recycling / Disposal
Recycling Potential     Yes       Yes
Heat Recovery (MJ/kg)   20        40
Mass to Landfill (g)    10.1      1.5
Biodegradable           Yes       No
Hub & Spoke EHS
Service
Operating in the environment prior to the
RBU structure, the approach CSU EHS
pursued was hub & spoke
                      J
                     JMS
                    JHM
                 MDPJ          J
                              JPM
              JCS
               J                     MDTJ
                                        JHS
            J
           JMM                             J
                                          JMT

        MDS                                       MDS
                                                     J
                                                    JDT
         J
        JDP                                             J
                                                       JCT
                          U
                        CS EHS
         MDI                                      MDM
          J
         JPS                                  J
                                             JCM
             J
            JDS
                                             J
                                            JDI
               J
              JCT
                                      J
                                     JPTT
                     J
                    JIPT JPTI JIPS
                          J    J
Benefits


   Customised attention to each company

   Fast communication
Drawbacks

   Huge effort required to service and
    monitor 40 individual clients
   Confusion as to what was required
   Difficult to leverage opportunities within
    and across: RBUs, facilities, and
    countries due to exclusive reliance on
    CSU EHS
Drawbacks


 Continuous  “fire drills” limit time to think
  and plan strategically
       incentive for member companies to
 Little
  generate their own agenda
“Spoon Feeding”
Approach




                  1997
“Spoon Feeding”
Approach
    Major goals:
      – Formal standards and action
        plans
      – Improve effectiveness
      – Mandatory minimum standards
    Leveraging information and resources in 3
    ways:
         1. Within regional business
    groups tool: EHS Programmes
        The
         2.– Among facilities
             Assign responsibilities
             Provide countries
         3.– Within information and
EHS by Regional
Business
The Group’s new regional business
framework identified a need to address
common issues within common businesses.
             Proposed RBU-Based Support
                          MHE Group

             PKG Group
                                      CHE Group



          IPD Group         U
                          CS EHS
                          and RMDs
                                         COM Group


              PRT Group
                                 MKT Group


      Benefits include:
      • EHS training for specific regional busines
EHS by Type of Facility
The regional businesses use four common
types of facilities:
–
–
–
–
    48 Offices
    5 Hazardous warehouses
    12 Factories
    13 Stores and workshops
                                               !
                                 Central EHS




       Benefits include:
       • Aligns management effort to risk level
       • Leverages synergies across businesses
EHS by Country

The Group has up to seven business
locations within each country, revealing
potential opportunities for synergy.
                                         Thailand
                            Malaysia      Group
                            Group                    Indonesia
                                                       Group

                        Singapore        CSU EHS
                                       Central EHS
                                         and RMDs
                         Group                          Vietnam
                                                        Group
                              Philippines       Japan
                               Group            Group
    Benefits include:
    • Providing common EHS legal advice
    • Shared local training providers
    • Centralised EHS procurement
EHS Programmes

Part 1. Compliance with EHS Laws &
   Regulations
Part 2. Emergency Preparedness & Response
Part 3. Occupational Health
Part 4. Worker Safety
Part 5. Environment
Part 6. Administration
EHS Legal Compliance
                   An important part of the group's commitment to
                   managing our EHS issues is our compliance with
Standards




                   EHS laws and regulations. Some of the
                   regulations may impact the standards that are
                   outlined below. In such cases, the more stringent
                   standard should apply. The EHS committee is
                   responsible for:
                       • Reviewing periodically the EHS Laws &
Responsibilities




                        Regulations binder to maintain familiarity
                        with the laws and regulations that apply to
                        the company
                      • Reporting to CSU EHS their status of
                        regulatory compliance by 1 May using the
                        format suggested in Appendix A
                      • Co-ordinating with company management
                        and CSU EHS to ensure that the company
                        remains in compliance with EHS laws and
Emergency
Preparedness &
Response
 Smoke   detectors     Fire fighting
 Fire evacuation        equipment
  drills                Illuminated exit
 First aid training     signs
 First aid kits        Fire doors

 Fire fighting         Housekeeping
  training              Sign-posting
                        No-smoking areas
Occupational Health


   Sufficient lighting
   Noise testing
   Manual lifting
   Ergonomics
   Health monitoring
Occupational Health

   Ergonomics Diagram               Lighting Recommen

                        LUX   Locations
                        50    Passageways
                        100   Storage areas
                        200   Welding, rough machining
                        300   Drilling, cutting
                        500   Offices, detailed inspection
                        750   Conference rooms
Occupational Safety
   Incident/accident reporting
   EHS training manual
   Forklift training
   Permit-to-work programme
   Site security
   Personal protective equipment (PPE)
   Tools and equipment
   Hazardous substances training
Occupational Safety



           X          X
                     
Environment

   Recycling
   Energy conservation
   Paper reuse
   EHS Procurement Guide
   Technical monitoring
   EHS monitoring programme
   Ad-hoc improvements
Administration

   Budgets
   Monthly EHS meetings
   Annual EHS audits
   Periodic self-assessment
   Risk management
   New employee induction
Administration

m I have received a copy of the Group EHS Policy
m I have received a copy of the booklet "Our Commitment
  to Preserving the Environment"
m I have been informed about the date of the next fire drill
m I have been informed about the location of the First Aid
  Kit nearest to my workplace
m I have been informed about the location of fire
  extinguishers and evacuation routes nearest to my
  workplace


                    Employee Signature
Enablers
 Availabilityof Useful Guidelines
 Vigorous Training
 Nurturing Champions (e.g. Regional
  Trainers)
 EHS in Job Descriptions (e.g. Chemicals)
 Incentives (e.g. EHS Pot)
 Quantitative Focus (e.g. Accident
  Statistics)
 Peer Pressure (e.g. EHS Audits)
 Group IT Infrastructure (SAP, Lotus
Facts Talk!

        1999 Number of Accidents By Category                              2000 Number of Accidents By Category
              Hands
               44%                                                                Hands
                                                                                   40%


                                                                                                                 Arm
                                                     Heads                                                       4%
                                                      13%



                                                             Fire Smoke
                                                    Legs         4%                                               Legs
 Foot                                                3%                                                           20%
                                                                Near Miss
 10%                                                               8%
                                               Property
           Eye                                 Damage
           5%                       Arm          10%
                      Back                                                        Property Damage
                                    5%
                      10%                                                               24%
    Peer Pressure Works!

A
  1997-2000 EHS Audit Results: Chemicals

B
                                      1997
C                                     1998
                                      1999
D                                     2000


F
      JJDS    JJDM   JJDP     JJDT
IT Infrastructure


 Lotus   Notes
 SAP
IT Infrastructure
 ImprovingEHS management in the
 Chemicals RBU through SAP:
 – Recording chemical EHS properties:
     Hazard class (toxic, flammable, etc.)

     Storage climate (cool, dry, etc.)
IT Infrastructure
 Improving EHS management in the
 Chemicals RBU through SAP:
 – Recording regulatory requirements:
    Must customers have a poisons
     license to                  buy
     this product?
    Which customers have a poisons
     license?
IT Infrastructure
 ImprovingEHS management in the
 Chemicals RBU through SAP:
 – Emergency contact details of vendors
 – MSDS distribution:
    When did we last send an MSDS to
     the customer?
    What is the current version of each
     product’s MSDS?
IT Infrastructure
 Resource   Consumption Measured in SAP:
  – Electricity, in kWh
  – Water, in cubic metres
  – Fuel oil, in litres
  – Various raw materials, by size/weight
  – Waste / scrap, by size/weight
Drivers




 Image,   Corporate Citizenship
Bottom-Line Drivers

 Lower  Risk of Legal Liability
 Lower Insurance Premiums
 Enhanced Resource & Energy Efficiency
 New Market Opportunities, First Mover
  Advantage
 Anticipation of Trends, ISO 14001
 Image, Corporate Citizenship
Bottom-Line Drivers

           The Cost Iceberg
Insurance Premiums
Down!




   1997-1998: 27% reduction
   1998-1999: 18% reduction
   1999-2000: 11% reduction
“Hidden” Costs!
Risk Reduction!
Business Opportunities?


 One  Failure After Another:
  – Allerguard / Green Cotton
  – Water & Wastewater Treatment
  – Moulded Pulp Packaging
Benefits of “Spoon
Feeding”
 1. Region-wide EHS standards
 • Facilitates synergies      • One EHS data collection tool
   across                     • Centralised PPE procurement
   the group
                               • Combining ERP training within
 • Facilitates synergies within CHE group
   RBUs
                               • One permit-to-work programme
 • Facilitates synergies within in workshops, factories,
   facility types                warehouses

 • Facilitates synergies within • Haze mask ordering & distributio
   metropolitan areas           • Preferred supplier lists

 • Facilitates CSU support and• EHS Audits
   monitoring of EHS
Benefits of “Spoon
Feeding”
2. EHS responsibilities more clearly
  articulated
  – Improves efficiency and effectiveness of EHS
    committees
  – Provides ready access to necessary contacts (e.g.,
    first aid trainers)
  – "No more excuses"


3. Enables CSU EHS to allocate its
  efforts to facilities based on level of EHS
  risk
Limitations of “Spoon
Feeding”

 Laggards still got away
 Local management not always committed
 “Cost-consciousness”
 Bottom-line benefits long-term, indirect
 and “too strategic”
Achieving Lasting
Consistency




               2000
Management Systems

               Planning



    Review                  Implementation


             Measurement
             & Evaluation

CSU EHS to provide the roadmap and
 structure to help build a company-
  driven EHS management system
Management Systems

          1.        Planning
               – EHS aspects &
                 impacts
               – Legal requirements
               – Objectives and
                 targets
               – Programme

 4.   Review                2.
                                  Implementa
                               tion
               3.
                     Measurem
Planning

 Aspects      & Impacts
    Activity, Product             Aspect                    Impact
       or Service
     1. Cleaning bulk oil   Hazardous              Temporary to severe health
        storage vault       atmosphere             impact

     2. Solvent cleaning                           Ground level ozone
        operation           VOC emissions to air
                                                   occupational exposure
     3. Bulk acid
                           Accidental spillage     Surface water contamination
        transportation and
         storage
     4. Battery charging    Exploding battery      Acid burns

     5. Office operation    Document printing      Consumption of renewable
                                                   natural resources
 Planning

  An objective for each aspect / impact
  An activity for each objective

Objective              Activity
Improve safety while • Create work procedure
                        • Develop service checklist
installing/servicing pumps
                        • Obtain required PPE/tools
                        • Develop checklist to maintain
                          PPE/tools
                        • Train staff on procedures and
                          checklists
                        • Inspect checklists to ensure they
                          are being used
 Planning
  Key  Performance Indicators (KPI) are
  used to demonstrate progress for each
  activity Activity
Objective                      KPI
Improve safety     • Develop checklist to    • Checklist
while                maintain PPE/tools
installing/servici • Train staff on          • Training quiz
ng pumps             procedures and
                     checklists              • Feedback to
                   • Inspect checklists to     be
                     ensure they are           documented in
                     being used                EHS minutes.
 Planning
  Targets  are the deadlines or numbers
   related to the KPI
Activity                  KPI               Target for 200
• Develop checklist to    • Checklist       • May
  maintain PPE/tools
• Train staff on          • Training quiz   • 80% score for
  procedures and                              all technicians
  checklists              • Feedback to       - June
• Inspect checklists to     be              • 3 times
  ensure they are           documented in
  being used                EHS minutes.
 Planning
  Resources  are the people, supplies, and
   funding required to meet the targets
Activity           KPI        Target        Resources
• Develop          • Checklis •   May       • Budi
  checklist to       t
  maintain                    •   80%        • Material -
  PPE/tools        • Training     score for    Budi
• Train staff on     quiz         all        • Trainer - Lee
  procedures and                  technician • Logistics -
  checklists                      s - June     Sam
Management Systems

          1.        Planning


                       2.      Implementation
4.   Review                 – Structure and
                              responsibility
                            – Training, awareness, and
                              competency
                            – Operational control
                            – Emergency preparedness
                              & response
               3.
                      Measurem
 Training Plans


 Training Topic       Instructor Participants J F M A M J J A S O N D

                                 All forklift
Forklift Inspection   Loo TK                     X
                                  drivers
                                Wrhs staff &
    PPE Use           Vincent                           X
                                Procurement
Noise & Hearing                 All production
                       Suguna                                  X
 Conservation                      workers
Management Systems

          1.        Planning


 4.   Review                   2.
                               Implementa
          3.                tion &
                    Measurement
            evaluation
               –   Monitoring
               –   Audits
               –   (Corrective actions)
               –   (Records)
Auditing
New approach to capture learning:
 Year2001: Risk Auditors joined by staff
 within same country/region

                                   JJPS
Example: Singapore/Johor
                      MDS                 MDSM
                                  Marsh


                           JJMS           JJPJM
Auditing
New approach to capture learning:
 2002 and beyond: internal process
 performed by staff of another company
 within same RBU
Example: MHE           MDI
                MDP           MDS

                MDT           MDM
                      MDSM
Management Systems


              1.        Planning


4. Review                          2.
  –Investigate process
   deviations                           Implementa
  –Continuous improvement            tion

                   3.
                          Measurem
EHS Monitoring

                             W ater Consumption - Per Capita                          471.7
                  500.0

                  400.0
   cubic meters




                  300.0

                  200.0
                                                  Paper Consumption – Per Capita
                                                              102.4
                                     7.0
                  100.0                    48.7
                          21.4 6.0                             18.5
                    0.0        5.0
                             reams




                          CHE 4.0 IPD,PRT,CO                   MHE          MKT        PKG
                              3.0 M,JS J EA

                                     2.0                                    Electricity Consumption and Cost
                                                                                        (Per capita)
                                     1.0
                                                               35,000                                            4,000
                                     0.0                       30,000                                            3,500
                                            CHE               IPD,PRT,COM     MHE          MKT       PKG         3,000




                                                                                                                         S$ (dots)
                                                               25,000
                                                  kwh (bar)




                                                                     J EA
                                                                   ,JS                                           2,500
                                                               20,000
                                                                                                                 2,000
                                                               15,000
                                                                                                                 1,500
                                                              10,000                                             1,000
                                                               5,000                                             500
                                                                   0                                             0
                                                                       CHE    IPD,PRT,CO   MHE    MKT      PKG
                                                                                   J EA
                                                                                M,JS
Energy Intensity

      2.5

       2

      1.5
                                 mkWh/$100m
       1

      0.5

       0
            1998   1999   2000
Office Paper Intensity

      25

      20

      15
                                       Reams / S$m
      10                               turnover

       5

       0
           1997   1998   1999   2000
Accidents

      52
      50
      48
      46                               Number of
      44                               Accidents
                                       Reported
      42
      40
      38
           1997   1998   1999   2000
EHS Audit Scores

 D
  10




 D+
     9




 C-
     8




 C
     7




 C+  6




 B-  5




                                                    Average Audit Scores
 B   4




 B+  3




 A-  2




 A   1




     0




         1997 I   1997 II   1998   1999   2000


                    Chemicals, Material Handling, Packaging
EHS Audit Scores


Between 1999 and 2000:

   Three companies improved their score
   Three companies worsened
EHS Audit Scores

 D
  10




 D+
  9




 C-
  8




 C
  7




 C+
  6




 B-
  5




                                               Average Audit Scores
 B4




 B+
  3




 A-
  2




 A1




   0




       1997 I   1997 II   1998   1999   2000
Variation = Surprises




D              A        D              A
    Mean score: A-          Mean score: A-
    Variation: 0            Variation: 9
The Challenge


 Achieving  consistently high performance,
  consistently across the Group
 No more surprises!
 Self-managed EHS Committees and
  Management Systems
What does this require?
    EHS must truly become part of business processes
    EHS ceases to become an afterthought
    Doing it right every time and all the time
    Greater spread of responsibility
    Elimination of delays in follow-up
    Systematic approach
    Formal set of performance indicators
    Documenting what we do and doing what we
    document
    Third-party verification
    Beyond CHE, MHE, PKG
             ==> Group-wide EHS Management
Group-Wide
Certification


ISO 14001
 (Environmental Management System)


OHSAS 18001
 (Health & Safety Management System)
ISO 14001 / OHSAS
18001

 EHS Management Systems
 Nothing new!

 Scope   of Compliance:
  – Adherence to regulatory standards
  – Adherence to own standards
  – Continual improvement
MS Components
     Forming an EHS Committee and nominating an MR
     Establishing an EHS Policy
     Reviewing compliance with EHS laws and
      regulations
     Identifying EHS aspects and impacts
     Prioritising aspects and impacts
     Establishing corresponding procedures and WIs
     Training, creating awareness, building competence
     Setting objectives and targets
     Employee consultation & Stakeholder
      communication
     Documentation; document and data control
Scope


 CHE,   IPD, MKT (Textiles), MHE, PKG,
  PRE
 PRE: OHSAS 18001 only
 31 member companies
 COM, MKT, HLD: Adherence to J&J EHS
  standards
Roll-Out




  CHE IPD   TXT MHE PKG PRT



      Full implementation by

      December 31, 2003
CSU EHS Role

         full-time assistance in
 Provides
 implementation
 After   2003:
  – Oversees EHS Monitoring Programme
  – Participates in annual ISO/OHSAS Review
    Meetings
  – Assists in annual RB target-setting
  – EHS policies for non-certified, low-impact
    companies
  – Decides on future certifications
Benefits
      Organisational attention
       EHS becomes an integral part of daily work
       Things will get done! On time!
       Systematic and thorough (aspects and impacts)
       Impact ranking and prioritised actions
       More comprehensive staff awareness and
       engagement
       Immunity from personnel movements
       International recognition & credibility
       Peer pressure!
       Professionalism and integrity
       A logical extension of what we already have
What’s in a Decade?

  1993
  Commitment          Ad-Hoc Activities
                                1993
         2003
  International           Centralised
     Standards              1995
                          Service


  Management              Formal
        2000
  Systems
                            1997
                          Programmes
Done!
Done?
Global SO2 Emissions
 120
 100
  80                                   Asia
  60                                   US
  40                                   Europe
  20
  0
  1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Global Forest Loss
Accumulation
of Human-
Made Toxins
Global Soil Degradation
Fresh Water
Availability

  Water Stress
     High
     Medium/High
     Moderate
     Low
CO2 Concentrations Highest
Levels in 160,000 Years
Biodiversity
Sustainability


Major Impacts and Risks Remain!
Sustainability


We’re not done yet!
Sustainability

In nature, everything is cyclical



                 waste = food
Sustainability

Today, we live in a linear society
Two Systems
   Technical cycle
                       Natural cycle




  Waste Feedstock    Waste Nutrients
Four Conditions for
Sustainability



 In a sustainable society, materials from
 the earth’s crust must not systematically
 increase in nature
Four Conditions for
Sustainability



 In a sustainable society, man-made
 materials that don’t biodegrade must not
 systematically increase in nature
Four Conditions for
Sustainability




 In a sustainable society, the physical
 basis for the productivity and diversity of
 nature must not be systematically
 deteriorated
Four Conditions for
Sustainability




 A sustainable society must ensure
 resources are distributed fairly and
 efficiently
What would
Sustainability Require of
us?
 Reduce  toxic and persistent chemicals
 High recycling of technical products
 Manage natural resource consumption to
  not degrade the source
 Preserve biodiversity
 Renewable energy sources

 Ensure that everything that reaches nature
  can be transformed into new resources
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)




                   Today   2050?         Time
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)




     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today   2050?         Time
Population


                                      10
                                      8
                                      6
                                      4
                                      2
                                      0
     0       500   1000   1500 2000
Master Equation




                        Environmental
Population + Technology =
                        Decline
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)


                     Potential
                      Conflict



     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today     2050?       Time
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)



                       Food



     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today   2050?         Time
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)


                      Fresh
                      Water



     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today   2050?         Time
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)


                     Potential
                      Conflict




     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today     2050?       Time
Life-Sustaining Natural
Resources

     Earth’s capacity (“supply curve”)


       Margin
       for action{   Window of
                     Opportunity




     Human Need (“demand curve”)

                   Today     2050?       Time
Sustainability


Sustainability Defined

  when society learns to create a
  long-term stable physical relationship
  with the environment
Sustainability


 Strategy:Pursue businesses that meet
 the four system conditions

        Develop options on how to
 Action:
 improve the sustainability of our
 businesses
Sustainability




             The Natural Step
Natural Step Companies
The Natural Step


            Interface, Inc.
Take:

        44 million lbs face fibre
         10 million lbs backing
       226 million lbs chemicals
    13 million lbs auxiliary materials
         Total: 294 million lbs

        8,000,000 million BTU energy
Make:


        252 million lbs product
         covers 25 million m2

          700 product lines

         15 year average life
Waste:


         13 million lbs solid waste
     22 million gallons waste water
   200,000 lbs regulated air pollutants
      3.8 million lbs CO2 emissions
Interface’s Plan

1.   Eliminate waste
2.   Benign emissions
3.   Renewable energy
4.   Close the loop
5.   Resource efficient transportation
6.   Sensitivity hook-up
7.   Redesign commerce
Sustainability




            The Natural Step:

        A never-ending to-do list
Sustainability




            The Natural Step:

        A truly strategic approach
Sustainability




            The Natural Step:

  The most meaningful EHS programme
Sustainability




            The Natural Step:

         The toughest challenge!
Thank You!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Industrial Ehs Management document sample