The Indian subcontinent has a rich culture and its history dates back to many centuries. This subcontinent has been rich in not only the culture, traditions and mannerisms but also in the languages. It is a subcontinent where every region has a different language and people take pride in speaking their mother tongue. In such a culture, it was very hard for a language to thrive, which was not even the mother tongue of a single group of people. However, the Urdu language was successful in changing the annals of history not only by surviving but also by thriving. The birth of a new language called Urdu When the English invaded the sub-continent, the most commonly spoken language there was the Persian. Other than that, the popular languages that most of the Muslims spoke were Arabic and the Turkish. The Arabic language because it is the official religious language of the Muslims and the Turkish was spoken because the Muslim world remained under Turkish caliphate for a long period of time. However when the British invaded the subcontinent they made an army in which they recruited local people as the soldiers. These soldiers used to speak Persian, Arabic, and Turkish. However, they desperately required a single medium to communicate. That was the time of the birth of Urdu language when the soldiers started speaking in an amalgam of the Arabic, Persian and Turkish language. The word Urdu means the Army. The development of Urdu prose The royals of that time took special interest in promoting the Urdu language and they took several measures for the development of Urdu. They used to offer heavy prizes to Urdu writers and poets. The prose of any language is developed by the development of three branches, namely the poetry, the fiction, and the journalism. 1. The Urdu poetry through ages The history of the Urdu poetry dates back to the 13th century, when Amir Khusro wrote Urdu verses for the first time. These verses gained popularity but the Urdu poetry scene remained stagnant in the 14th, 15th, and 16th century. However, it saw a major boom in the 18th and 19th century and is flourishing to date. 2. The Urdu fiction through ages The Urdu language had no novel until the 1869 when Deputy Nazir Ahmed wrote the first novel of the Urdu language called the Mirat ul Uroos. This novel centered on the lives of the women of the Indian subcontinent. Afterwards he wrote two more novels, which became the second and the third novel of Urdu language. Now Urdu novel is established on a strong foundation because great names like Ashfaq Ahmed, Quratul Ain Haider, and Mumtaz Mufti have contributed to it. 3. The Urdu journalism through ages The Urdu journalism started in the 17th century when the intellectuals realized that there is a soaring need for awareness among the masses. A famous newspaper of that time is 鈥榋 amindar 鈥? Currently the Urdu journalism is at its peak due to the current political situation of the country.