Kyung Hee International Internship Supporting System (KISS)
Kyung Hee Overseas Development Assistance Corporation (KODAC)
GSP, Kyung Hee University
Outline for Internship Project (Practicum)
Table of Contents
KISS (Kyung Hee International Internship Supporting System) Process
Writing a Proposal
The Proposal Format
While You are Doing Internship
I. KISS (Kyung Hee International Internship Supporting System) Process
Identification of Internship Organization (IO) KODAC
KODAC network + student needs
Internship Proposal KODAC
Application for Internship Authorization and Financial Support GSP
KODAC and GSP
Preliminary Internship Training KODAC
Weekly update GSP Blog
Internship Completion and Evaluation IO
Project Development IO
Student’s Evaluation on the IO KODAC
Internship Report Submission KODAC/GSP
Final Presentation KODAC/GSP
Publication of Annual Internship Report KODAC
II. Writing a proposal
Writing internship project proposal should enable you to think through the learning
objectives and concrete plans for internship and future career.
The format of your internship report will be the background research of a project
profile of particular case, which will try to address particular problem or issue in
the area of your interest, related to the internship organization. The case study
approach requires in-depth study and analysis of the chosen development problem
or issue that:
i) Focuses on a defined unit of study with limited scope (organizational,
geographical, social, environmental, programmatic, strategic, etc.).
ii) Describes and critically examines the background, context, and existing situation
of the problem or issue within the unit of study, including looking at the
effectiveness of responses, strategies, or management measures in place, if
any, to address the problem or issue.
iii) Examines the findings or results of the internship in order to reach conclusions
relevant to (development) work.
iv) Produces recommendations, best practices, and/or lessons learned to improve
development management of the problem or issue being examined.
Ultimately, using a case study approach will allow a student to examine one’s
chosen topic in a realistic, deep, focused way that should enable the student to link
theory with practice and draw evidence-based conclusions.
You must include a letter of commitment or “terms of reference” (TOR) from the
host organization detailing your job description, specifying the length of the
assignment and designating a field supervisor.
III. The Proposal Format
A. Title and Summary:
The title of proposed project is expected to be no more than three sentences, and
describing what you are doing and, in the case of a practicum, with what
organization, and where.
B. Table of Contents
Include the titles of the sections listed here with page numbers.
C. The Learning Objective
State clearly what you hope to achieve during the internship. Describe the skills you
hope to acquire, the experience you want to obtain, and/or the field of knowledge
that you expect to deepen. Do not write about what the project is attempting to
accomplish. Be specific about how this work relates to your area of specialization
and your own career goals. Ask yourself while drafting the proposal how realistic
are the objectives. Are they too ambitious? Are they too modest? Are you allowing
yourself time to reflect on the experiential learning?
D. The Problem or Issue (SWOT)
Define the problem or issue that your case study will be addressing in your paper.
Provide sufficient background so that the reader understands the importance of the
problem or issue to development. Take your time and develop the statement of the
problem thoughtfully. SWOT analysis is highly recommended.
E. Literature Review
Read and summarize currents of thought on the proposed problem/issue. Let the
literature frame the debate, present current thinking and experience, and pose
challenging questions that you may have to grapple with next year. Show the reader
that you have familiarized yourself with major thinkers in your field of investigation.
Indicate where you need to deepen your understanding of the issues and what areas
you will be continuing to explore during your second-year. Cite your sources using
the APA format (in addition to other web sites you have been given, see
http://www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm). Include a bibliography
at the end of the paper.
For web sites that describe how to do a literature review go to:
F. Learning Strategies
In this section you should answer the following questions:
• How are you going to go about accomplishing your learning objectives?
• If you are doing an internship:
o What institution has agreed to host your internship? Describe the organization in
some detail. If this commitment is still pending, present options and the status of
your discussions. (Please note: your proposal will not be approved until you are able
to confirm an institutional host).
o Where will you do your work? Will it be on one or more countries? Is it a field
level project, a headquarter assignment, etc. Who will be your field advisor on the
project and what are her/his qualifications?
o What will be your role specifically?
o What preparation will you need? How are you going to evaluate this?
o What methods will be employed to accomplish the work objectives of the project
o What skills will you learn on this project?
What is the length of time you will be engaged in the project? When you will begin,
do fieldwork (if any), and return to GSP? Include the dates that you will send drafts
of sections of your final paper to your advisor. See the attached memo but consult
with your Academic Adviser about her or his availability and needs.
H. Risk Assessment and Analysis
You should describe any risks (physical, emotional, social, political, etc.) that you
may face while doing your internship project and what precautions you will be
taking. One source of information on countries where there are travel warnings is
the U.S. State Department web site http://travel.state.gov/travel/travel_1744.html but
you should also consult other sources.
IV. While you are doing internship
You are required to maintain regular contacts with GSP: first, to send a regular
report to your academic advisor; second, to keep posting your work at GSP Naver
blog (in Korean). Especially, regular update of your blog is important, in that it is the
most effective tool to market KISS as an innovative way of doing internship abroad.
Your own category will be created, so that each intern can upload information
regarding your work, life and activities along with pictures and video clips.
V. Research Paper
Your research paper should be a background research to identify problems in order
to provide practical questions for development project or business plan.
Your question should be may be related to policy, to development planning,
implementation, monitoring, or evaluation, or to organizational conduct and
management. Based on this question, you will be concluding your paper by
presenting a Technical Consultation (TC) project profile to solve a practical
development problem; a purely abstract question, with no practical applications, is
For those doing internships, the question must be related to the subject matter of the
internship, and the internship itself must provide some of the evidence needed.
The research paper must evidence professional level writing. Do not expect or assume that
your advisors will edit your paper. If you do not have a writing reference book, or even if you
do, we strongly urge you to purchase one of the reference books, for instance,
<Research paper Format>
Elements of the paper
2. Table of Contents
3. Executive Summary
6. Introduction and Objectives
7. Literature review
9. Problem Description
10. Presentation of Evidence and Analysis
11. Conclusion: Project Development
12. List of References
<Required Elements of the Paper>
The paper should contain the following elements, in the order given. Note that the
page lengths given in parentheses after each section are meant as guidelines, not as
fixed rules; you should work with your advisor in determining how much space
should appropriately be given to each section.
1. Title: The title should contain the key words or phrases of your study. The reader
should be able to identify the geographical area and topic of your paper simply
by reading the title.
2. Table of Contents with page numbers.
3. Executive Summary: (200 words maximum). The summary should not describe
the paper’s question, but rather summarize the methods and the findings. For
example, the reader should know from this section, not that you worked in an
NGO that provided school lunch programs in a village in Colombia, but rather
that promoting school lunches improved attendance.
The executive summary should have its own page.
4. Acknowledgements: If someone else has assisted in the editing of your paper, you
must acknowledge this assistance with the statement: This paper has been written
with the editorial assistance of ______________. You may also use this section, if you
wish, to express appreciation for other support and assistance that you received
during the writing of the paper.
The acknowledgements section should have its own page.
5. Abbreviations: List abbreviations and acronyms used in the paper. The list of
abbreviations should have its own page.
6. Introduction and objectives (2-4 pages)
In this section you locate your reader with regard to the context and goals of your
paper. It must include all of the following elements:
a. A brief description of the internship (if applicable) Students doing
internships should start the paper by describing the context in which the
paper was written.
This should include a description of the organization you were working in
(location, nature, mandate, activities); a description of your own
responsibilities within the organization; and a timeline explaining when
you arrived and how long you stayed. For instance, it might start out
“This paper was written during a eight week internship with UNICEF’s
regional office in Rangoon, Burma. UNICEF is a United Nations agency
dedicated to children’s welfare, and the regional office serves to…” etc.
b. A discussion of your learning objectives for the internship. Here you
explain for yourself and your reader, in the past tense, what your goals
were for the 2 year, and how the paper fits into those goals.
The section should:
i. Explain specifically what issues or practices you hoped to
understand better from your second year overall and what skills
or expertise you hoped to gain.
ii. Describe briefly the activities (eg, in your internship work) you
were engaged in that were specifically relevant to achieving these
iii. Describe briefly the topic of your paper and explain how
examining that topic fit in with your overall goals for the year.
7. Literature review (2-4 pages)
The literature review is the first step in answering your development question.
You use it to ensure that you are familiar with the key perspectives in the
academic, policy and practice discourses on the problem that you are addressing.
This section enables you, and your reader, to know that you understand the key
issues in your field and the key ongoing debates.
It is similar to the literature review that you conducted for your proposal, but it is
more in-depth and more specifically keyed to the particular aspect of the
development problem that your paper seeks to solve.
It is fine to reuse any parts of your proposal literature review that are still
The literature review must be organized by topic, not author. A literature
review that is simply a series of summaries of author’s works is not sufficient
and will not be accepted. For instance, if you were writing about the FAO and
food security, the reader would need to know that two major conceptual issues
are 1) how “food security” should be defined at the national and household level;
and 2) whether or not domestic production of adequate food is necessary for
national food security; and what the main arguments are on both sides of each
issue. The views of the relevant authors on each side would need to be given and
their similarities and differences highlighted. The reader would not need to be
given plain summaries of eight different works on food security and left to sort
out on his or her own what the major issues and arguments are in this area.
For those doing advanced study, or those on internships whose methods include
a great deal of library research, it may be hard to distinguish between the
literature review and the main body of the paper, which is the Evidence and
Analysis section, below.
It may help if you think of the literature review as the background information
on the general field, and the rest of the research as more specific information
gathering into your precise topic. For instance, if you are working on human
rights approaches to access to education in Bolivia, your literature review might
address education policy in Bolivia generally, while your paper examines human
rights approaches specifically.
See http://www.utoronto.ca/writing/litrev.html for tips on constructing a literature
In general, you will know that you have done a sufficient review of the existing
literature when you begin to find that the new books and articles you read are
raising issues or arguments with which you are already familiar.
8. Methods (2-4 pages).
You should use this section to set out clearly for your readers the methods that
you used to answer the question in posed in the previous section. A student in an
internship may gather information to answer his or her question by observing the
work of the host organization, by studying case studies of similar organizations
and comparing them, by doing background research into national or regional
policies, by collecting and studying relevant quantitative data, or by a
combination of several of the above or of entirely other methods. This section
should set out all of the methods used and explain how each one was conducted
and why. (If, for instance, the student was asked by his or her host organization
to interview partner organizations on a particular issue, then this section should
describe the content of the interviews and the methodology used to conduct
On the other hand, a student doing advanced study may use a combination of
course work and library research to answer the question.
The student may rely entirely on secondary research, or may be looking at a
combination of secondary research and original data, like relevant census data,
and may focus on one particular field or on several fields. This section should set
out the scope of the research being conducted.
For all students, the section should also include the following:
• Timeline and schedule of specific activities (if relevant)
• A discussion of the imitations of your approach or of the information
available. This section should make your reader understand where the
paper may not be able to provide conclusive evidence, and allow him
or her to evaluate whether or not the available information provides
sufficient evidence for his or her purposes.
All students should consult with both their field advisors (if relevant) and their
academic advisors concerning their methods early in the paper-writing process.
9. Problem Description (4-6 pages)
In this section, you set out the broader development problem that your question
is meant to address and show its significance, whether to international
development policy, to the country/region you are working on, or to a particular
community or institution, etc. Include background information that is necessary
to understand the problem and the context. The reader should be able to
understand by the first couple of paragraphs what the problem is that you are
addressing and its significance.
For instance, if your paper addresses a question related to the promotion of
Colombian export to Asia, you might set out here the key facts and concerns
about Colombian trade structure in general. If your paper addresses child
laborers in India, you might set out the key facts and concerns about child
laborers in that country, including any relevant background information on
India’s political, social, or legal structures.
10. Presentation of the evidence and analysis (6-8 pages):
In this section you set out to answer the question that you identified in the
Problem Description section. This is the core of your paper.
You should analyze the question to determine its key elements. Then you should
show the evidence you gathered using the methods that you described above,
and, using evidence and analysis, you should present conclusions concerning
each element of your question.
Please make sure that all of your findings or arguments are supported by
strong evidence or by clear, logical analysis. If you come across contradictory
evidence, include it and explain how you are resolving the contradictions. If it is
possible to draw other conclusions from the one you chose, describe those other
possibilities and explain why you chose the one you did.
In this section, your job is to convince your audience that you have broken the
question down into its relevant parts and examined each of them carefully, and
that your conclusions are based on evidence and sound reasoning and will
hold up under close scrutiny.
11. Conclusion: Project Development (6-8 pages)
This section will summarize your research, and will explain what you specifically
want to accomplish in the form of TC (4-5 pages). For instance, if you have been
working with an NGO that focuses on trafficking in women, the goal of the paper
might be to develop a project to address the problem through the reform or
capacity building of local police or immigration authorities.
The typical order of the TC is the following:
I. Basic Project Data
III. Objectives and Project Description
IV. Budget Structure (Max. US$300,000)
V. Critical Aspects
VI. Action Plan