ESD 112 FALL 2002 news of southwest washington risk management insurance cooperative, workers’ compensation trust, and unemployment insurance pool programs The Cyclical Insurance Market Inside School districts are likely to see their insurance costs increasing over the next several years. The reasons for these increases are primarily market driven and are outside of the districts’ control. As members of a cooperative (or public entity pool), districts are well positioned to address the changes. Costs which account for the operation of a pool or cooperative can be sorted Course of Employment ........... 2 into at least three categories. The first cost is the cost of claims, which is affected by how much of each loss is retained by the pool. The second cost is the purchase of excess insurance to transfer responsibility to pay claims costs which exceed the Field Trip Procedures on Line ... 2 amount retained by the pool. The third cost is for administration, which can include operations staff, keeping financial records, adjusting claims, providing safety services and a broker to purchase excess insurance. Changes in the amount Vehicle Insurance Cards ........... 2 of retained claims costs paid directly by the pool and changes in the cost of excess insurance premiums can have a dramatic effect on the overall solvency of a program, and drive changes in the rates offered to member districts. Life-Threatening Conditions .... 3 HISTORY Public entity pooling was born in the “hard” market cycle of the mid-1980s. Historically, the insurance marketplace has cycled between soft and hard markets Pesticide Use in Schools .......... 3 every five years or so. In the last hard market, insurance prices rose dramatically. Premiums increased Parent Hosted Events .............. 4 200-300% with little notice. Some clients were told at the end of their policy period that they were going to be non-renewed for the next year. Other clients had their policies cancelled mid-term. When clients went to the market seeking another Exec. Committee carrier, capacity (ability to write new business) had shrunk to the point there were Highlights ............................ 4/5 no other insurance companies offering coverage. In response to that hostile environment and financial crisis, public entities (schools, cities, counties, sewer and water districts, and fire districts) self-insured New Diabetes Law .................. 5 their commercial insurance exposures. Or, as an alternative for smaller entities, they grouped together to self insure - they “pooled” their resources. Prior to the hard market cycle in the mid-1980s, less than 5% of the public Safety Videos Available .......... 6 entities utilized pooling. Today, almost 40% of the public entities rely upon pooling to meet their insurance needs. Claims Lesson MARKET FORCES Dogs at School ........................ 7 The economy and financial markets exert great influence over the insurance marketplace, especially as respects the cyclical nature of insurance pricing. With most insurance lines of coverage, it is common for the combined loss ratio, the total School Emergency of claims and administrative costs, to exceed the amount collected in premium. Part of the magic of the insurance industry is its use of revenue on investments to offset Plans ................................ Insert underwriting losses. When the economy is robust, returning a high level of income on investments, Required WISHA insurance pricing is “soft.” In a soft market, there are numerous companies offering coverage, and prices are low, to the point of being “below cost.” Posters ............................. Insert When the economy lags and invested premiums return very little in the way of income to institutional investors like insurance companies, the market “hardens.” Safety Committee As investment dollars diminish, insurance company reserves must be utilized to offset underwriting losses. As reserves drop, the capacity to offer coverage Requirements .................. Insert declines. By necessity, as the market hardens, prices increase, sometimes dramatically. As underwriters evaluate the risk. The events of September 11, 2001 have had a tremendous ripple effect on all lines of coverage - general liability, property, and workers’ compensation. continued on page 7 FALL 2002 Worker’s Deliberate intent to cause injury to oneself is denied. Compensation These are just a few of the elements that have to be evaluated to determine if a claim is compensable “Course of under the statute. In cases where there is no definite Employment” traumatic event, or if there is a traumatic event that may be questionable, investigation into the When an industrial injury claim alleged injury and/or event occurs. (workers’ compensation) has been Some tools used to investigate such found to be filed in a timely manner, claims are recorded statements from a determination must be made as to the worker alleging injury/event as whether or not the worker was well as witnesses, supervisors and co- Vehicle Insurance acting in the “course of workers; obtaining records pertaining employment” at the time of injury. to employment and medical history; Cards & Accident Key distinctions between and independent evaluations. Washington law and other states are Therefore, when notice of a Reporting Packets that, while it is necessary that the potential claim is received, a three injury occur in the course of one’s Now Available point contact (injured worker, employment, it is not necessary that supervisor and physician) is initiated to assist in determining if any other New Proof of Insurance Cards for investigation is warranted. district vehicles are now available to our member school districts. In additional to new Insurance Cards, the Risk Cooperative has prepared a new “Accident Reporting School Field Packet” to be placed in each vehicle. This packet includes a list of the Trip Procedures contents of the packet, an accident reporting card, witness statement the injury “arise out of” the Now Available cards, exchange of insurance information cards, a motor vehicle particular duties a worker is paid to On Line accident report form, passenger seat perform. No consideration is given location chart, and two pencils. These to degrees of fault by the worker or documents are contained in an employer in determining The recently issued School Field envelope that is clearly marked “IF entitlement to benefits. Trip Procedures, and related forms YOU HAVE AN ACCIDENT.” The Some of the questions concerning provides detailed guidance for many packet is designed to facilitate the “course of employment” issues will aspects of planning and executing complete recording of the facts of the generally sort into the following field trips is now easily available for accident and the exchange of categories: your use online at http:// insurance information at an accident • Parking Areas – These claims are www.esd112.org/ scene as quickly and efficiently as generally denied unless a insurance_programs/resources.html. possible. worker’s job duties include work In conjunction with these Members should receive one in the parking area. guidelines, if you would like training Insurance Card and one Accident • Coming and Going – A worker for your staff on field trip safety, Reporting Packet for each of their on his/her way to or from work please contact Peggy Sandberg at the vehicles. Please see that one of each is generally not in the course of Risk Cooperative. is placed in each of the district employment. The exception Other information concerning the vehicles. If additional Insurance Cards would be if a worker is on four school insurance cooperatives or Accident Reporting Packets are company business, using a can be found on the ESD 112 website needed, please or call Jim Rochel at company vehicle. at http://www.esd112.org/ (360) 750-7504 or email him at: • Intentional Injury/Felony – insurance_programs/. Check us out! firstname.lastname@example.org 2 ESD 112 risk management matters FALL 2002 Requirements Children with for Notification Life-Threatening of Pesticide Use Conditions - New in Schools Law for Schools The new law concerning pesticide use at schools is now in effect. Substitute House Bill 2834, which Effective July 1, 2002, Washington became effective on 6/13/02, is an act State law requires posting and requiring a medication or treatment notification of pesticide applications order as a condition for children with at schools. life-threatening conditions to attend This law has three important public school. It added a new section to requirements for schools and day care chapter 28A.210 RCW. centers: It provides that the attendance of 1. Specific notifications, at least forty- every child at every public school in the eight hours before a pesticide state shall be conditioned upon the Emergency Rules application, that includes presentation before or on each child’s first day of attendance at a particular • Attachment C – Sample Medication prenotifcation of the application school of a medication or treatment Order Form and Treatment Order and notification signs order addressing any life-threatening Form 2. Required pesticide application health condition that the child has that • Attachment E – Sample Nursing Plan records, and an annual summary, may require medical services to be and Emergency Care Plan accessible to interested persons performed at the school. Once such an • Attachment F – Sample Notification 3. Written annual notification to order has been presented, the child shall Letter to All Parents parents and employees of the be allowed to attend school. • Attachment G – Sample Letter to school’s pest control policies and A “life-threatening condition” is Parents Requesting Medication or methods defined as” a health condition that will Treatment Order In this law, a “school facility” put the child in danger of death during • Attachment H – Sample Letter to means any facility used for licensed the school day if a medication or Licensed Health Care Provider day care center purposes or for the treatment order and a nursing plan are How can a school determine if a purposes of a public kindergarten or not in place.” student has a life-threatening public elementary or secondary OSPI has issued an informational condition? There are several ways, and school. School facility includes the bulletin and detailed guidance on how some are informal: buildings or structures, playgrounds, to comply with this new law. This • The parent informs school staff (often landscaped areas, athletic fields, bulletin, No. 61-02, issued 9/18/02, is at enrollment) school vehicles, or any other areas of available on OSPI’s website at school property. • The student mentions the condition www.k12.wa.us/LearnTeachSupp/ The Washington State Department to a staff member healthservices. Be sure to print all the of Agriculture (WSDA) has provided a • A “Student Health Inventory” sheet is related attachments, including the how-to-comply manual for schools. completed and reviewed by the following: This “WSDA Compliance Guide for the school nurse • Attachment A – Copy of the SHB 2834 Use of Pesticides at Public Schools (K- • The parent brings in medications for 12) and Licensed Day-Care Centers” • Attachment B – WAC 180-38 the student (June 2002,) is available on line on the • The student has a medical reaction or WSDA website at www.wa.gov/agr/ health episode at school PestFert/. It is currently the third item However the school becomes aware listed in “Hot Topics” (on the right of of the life-threatening condition, it is the screen). essential that the school gathers Call WSDA’s toll-free number for medical information and take steps pesticide information and services at necessary to protect the student. 1-877-301-4555. ESD 112 risk management matters 3 FALL 2002 PARENT HOSTED • The school controls the activity The school district’s general EVENTS – liability coverage protects the Executive school district, its employees and Does school volunteers in the event of a claim Committee for damages alleging negligence district liability arising from a school-sponsored coverage extend? activity (subject to specific exclusions and limitations). Highlights The Risk Cooperative is frequently The three activities listed above asked if a parent or business owner are most probably not school- SW WA Risk or volunteer who hosts an event to sponsored, and the school district’s benefit the school is protected by the Management general liability coverage would school district’s liability insurance not extend. Insurance coverage. The events may look Cooperative However, a parent-hosted event something like these: may appear to be school- • A parent invites a school class over sponsored if the school is not Executive Committee for a pool party. diligent to make sure that it is Meeting • A father who owns a pizza clearly designated as school- restaurant has the winning team sponsored or not. (Embrace the August 26, 2002 over for dinner after the game. event or steer clear of it.) Three • A school volunteer has the class steps to help clarify school over to her house for an end of the sponsorship includes the following: The purpose of this meeting was to year barbecue. 1. Ask the sponsor to include a select excess insurance coverage. Loy Are these school-sponsored events? statement that “this is not a Dale discussed that insurance is a The short answer to this question school-sponsored event” on cyclical business and that we are in the is often found by answering this information connected with middle of a hard market, which entails question – WHO is controlling the non-school sponsored activities carriers having reduced capacity, activity or event? that is distributed to students. issuing more non-renewal notices, cancellations and declinations, If your school allows distribution charging increased rates and requiring of announcements of non-school higher underwriting standards. sponsored activities, review the The options for excess coverage information and ensure there is include: (1) continue to get coverage no impression of school district in the excess market through our endorsement or sponsorship broker Willis, or (2) to purchase before distributing it. coverage from the Washington 2. Do not allow use of any district Schools Risk Management Pool at the If the school district sponsors the equipment (copiers or Puget Sound ESD. activity, then the school district is telephones) or district supplies The Washington Schools Risk responsible for and must control the (letterhead, postage, etc.) to Management Pool agreement would activity. advertise a non-school sponsored be for one year only, then at the end event. of the first year the option is to renew School-sponsored activities share these characteristics: 3. Ensure that staff who may with them for three years or to find • Activities are organized by the attend the event know that it is coverage from another source. school and planning occurs during not school-sponsored. The committee members chose to school time 4. In some cases, the school may purchase excessive coverage for FY • Activities are often connected to want to announce that the event 2002–2003 through Washington curriculum is not school-sponsored, or Schools Risk Management Pool at a publish this in the newsletter. savings of nearly $500,000. • The event usually occurs during the school day Help protect the district from liability connected with activities • The school is paying wages to over which it does not have control school employee(s) to supervise by clearly designating non-school • The school usually pays for a sponsored events. portion of the activity (at least transportation) Continued on page 5 4 ESD 112 risk management matters FALL 2002 Continued from page 4 The District, 02, is available on OSPI’s website at www.k12.wa.us/LearnTeachSupp/ healthservices. SW WA Unemployment The Student, Some of the other provisions of the Compensation Pool new law require that the district, in Diabetes and conjunction with the parents and the Executive Committee student’s doctor and other health care Meeting the Legislature professionals, develop an individual emergency plan. This plan is to be May 23, 2002 updated at least on an annual basis, The 2002 Washington State and sooner as need may dictate. The Legislature passed Engrossed plan is to be distributed to all As a matter of information, Loy Dale Substitute Senate Bill (ESSB) 6641, appropriate staff. discussed the funding model noting that requires school districts in that the state of Washington’s rate is Washington State adopt policies and In conjunction with the individual 0.02 of taxable wages compared to the procedures for dealing with students health plan, the parent can designate Pool’s rate of 0.002 (our rate is 1/10th of with diabetes. The new law became an adult volunteer to assist in the the State’s rate). He went on to say effective on July 1, 2002. administration of proper care of the that from 1995 through 2001, member diabetic student. The “parent- The Legislature in creating this districts have paid contributions of $2.5 designated adult” volunteer receives new law stated: “The legislature million, but received refunds in the additional training from a health care finds that diabetes imposes form of cash and transfers to the Risk professional or expert in diabetic care significant health risks to students fund of $2,708,285 ($2.2 million went selected by the parent(s). It is the enrolled in the state’s public schools back to the member districts in cash). obligation of the parent to see that and that providing for the medical Even though it is self-insured, the the “parent-designated adult” needs of students with diabetes is employee benefits portion is receives the proper training to crucial to ensure both the safety of determined by the State. Individuals administer care as prescribed by the students with diabetes and their applying for unemployment notice no Individual Health Plan. The “parent- ability to obtain the education difference with the benefit delivery designated adult” can be an employee guaranteed to all citizens of the system. of the school district. state.” ESSB 6641 also states that The committee approved the “children with diabetes can and The school district cannot require Administrative Budget and to keep should be provided with a safe an employee to become a “parent- rates flat for FY 2002-2003. learning environment and access to designated adult.” The employee all other nonacademic school volunteer must file, without coercion sponsored activities.” by the employer, a letter of intent SW WA Workers’ stating their willingness to participate ESSB 6641 requires that the school Compensation Trust as a “parent-designated adult” district provide individual health volunteer. If an employee chooses not Executive Committee plans for students with diabetes, and to act as a “parent-designated adult” that the board of directors for the Meeting volunteer, the employee cannot be school district adopt policies to be subjected to any reprisal or April 30, 2002 followed for students with diabetes. disciplinary action from the employer The Bill calls for the for refusing to file a letter. Kevin Wick reviewed the Superintendent of Public Instruction The school district, its employees, PricewaterhouseCoopers’s actuary and the Secretary of the Department agents and parent-designated adult report for FY 2000-2001. of Health to develop a uniform volunteers, who while acting in good The committee approved the policy for all school districts to faith and in substantial compliance Administrative Budget and the rates provide for the inservice training of with the provision of ESSB 6641, will for FY 2002-2003. school staff on symptoms, not be liable in any criminal action of treatment, and monitoring of The committee approved a for civil damages as a result of services students with diabetes. This policy $1,050,000 refund to member districts provided as prescribed by ESSB 6641. will include the standards and skills in the fiscal year 2001-2002, which Districts that have diabetic students that must be in place for inservice included a transfer of $259,824 to the need to become familiar with ESSB training of school staff. Risk Management Cooperative on 6641, and set into place all of the behalf of common members in the OSPI has issued an informational policies and procedures prescribed by fiscal year of 2001-2002. bulletin and detailed guidance on the new law. how to comply with this new law. This bulletin, No. 61-02, issued 9/18/ 5 ESD 112 risk management matters FALL 2002 Employee Health and Safety Takes Center Stage During the week of July 29, 2002, 70 school employees from fifteen school districts came to the ESD 112 Conference Center to attend ”Safety Training for Maintenance, Custodial and Grounds School Staff”. This program, now in its third year, is provided to Southwest Washington Workers’ Compensation Trust member districts free of charge. The program goals are: • To provide specific safety information and promote a general safety awareness among school district employees; • To provide safety training that helps meet WISHA requirements; • To provide a forum where employees may ask specific safety questions of safety professionals and; • To share ideas, suggestions and concerns with employees from other districts This year, nine instructors provided information on these topics: • Back safety, stretching, and proper lifting techniques • Electrical safety • Hazard communication and material safety data sheets • Chemical handling principles • Personal protective equipment • Fall protection • Ladder safety • Fire prevention • Asbestos awareness • Indoor air quality/mold • Respiratory protection • WISHA compliance and inspection • Forklift operations • First aid/CPR Some highlights: Vern Allers from Injury Prevention Management, Inc. had the class performing stretching exercises early on Monday morning. Walter Want, a well-known safety consultant, had a table full of personal protective equipment for the class to look at. Later, Walter took the class outside for a demonstration of fall protection equipment. Dan Sabatino of Associated General Contractors used an aquarium full of water, an electric drill and a hot dog among other props to demonstrate various electrical safety principles. An OSHA inspector shared slides showing common safety hazards and violations. Participants also received a binder with reference materials dealing with each subject. Those who attended agreed that it was a positive learning experience and the instructors were very knowledgable. Those free lunches weren’t too bad either! If there are any follow-up questions, specific needs in the area of safety training and compliance or any program suggestions for the future, please contact Scott La Bar at (360) 750-7504. Now in Your Trust • Disaster Preparedness date the video is needed so it can be • Elements of Back Care sent to the district in time. Video Store • Fall Protection • Videos may not be kept longer than 2 weeks upon their receipt. The Southwest Washington • Forklift Safety • Please rewind before returning. Workers’ Compensation Trust has a • General Safety Orientation • If the requested video is already small safety video library now available • Groundskeeping Safety checked out for the time that you for member districts. These videos deal • Hazard Communication for Schools need it, you will be notified. with a variety of safety subjects, and • Office Ergonomics • Videos are expensive. Most cost can be used for general information • Personal Protective Equipment around $400 to replace. If the district and staff training. They are great for • Power Tool Safety loses a video, a bill will be issued for its both safety committee meetings and • Slips, Trips & Falls replacement cost. staff meetings. Current titles are: • Understanding Musculoskeletal If the district would like to borrow a • Accident Investigation Disorders (MSDs) video please call or email Scott LaBar • Control of Hazardous Energy Because of the limited number of (360-750-7504 or (Lockout/Tagout) videos, please note the following: email@example.com). Provide your • Bloodborne Pathogens in Schools - A name, district, video title desired and Refresher • One (1) video to be loaned to a date needed and how you may be district at a time. • Chemical Storage Hazards in the reached. Your request will be Laboratory • Request videos at least 1 week in confirmed. advance. Be sure to specify the 6 ESD 112 risk management matters FALL 2002 continued from front page Claims Lesson - CURRENT CYCLE Today, we are in the second to third year of this hardening portion of the insurance Property/Casualty market cycle. As evidence, the minimum retention layer (the amount the client must pay for each loss before excess insurance coverage steps in) carried by the Workers’ Compensation Trust has increased from A Doggone Shame $150,000 per loss two years ago to $300,000 this year. As the retention increases, the share of injured boy said that the school of the loss the client must pay also increases, The incident which increases the necessary contingency was not liable due to the posted sign, margin or equity (monies held in reserve to but could not understand why the pay for losses). The father of a second grader rule was not enforced. In the Risk Cooperative for the current year, came to school with his golden rates went up an average of 5% overall. At the retriever on a leash to pick up his son How to prevent this type of injury same time, the renewal of the excess and his son’s friend (with the premiums through conventional insurance permission of the other boy’s companies would have increased 200% in a parents). The father and dog walked Here are several strategies that single year (up $650,000). By purchasing excess onto the elementary school campus, schools can use to help keep animals coverage through the Washington Schools Risk and waited for the boys away from off school grounds: Management Pool, another school district the main entry door. There was a 1. Establish a school policy that insurance cooperative, the increased cost of sign posted at the front door entry prohibits animals on school excess coverage was “limited” to 23% (up of the school (but no other location) grounds. (Even tame animals are $150,000). We can expect increased costs for sometimes unpredictable and can excess coverage next year as well, because the that stated that “Pets, dogs or market is still hardening and the economy has livestock are not allowed on school injure students.) not yet recovered. grounds.” Note: Be sure that the policy allows It is clear we are in the midst of a volatile The boy’s friend was the first to for specific animals as part of the insurance market. One of the hallmarks of emerge from the school, ran over to science curriculum. See the Health group self insurance is stable, long-term where the father was waiting, and & Safety Guide for K-12 Schools In pricing. By utilizing the current contingency gave the dog a hug. (The boy was Washington, Appendix F, “Animals margin or equity, insurance pools can offset familiar with his friend’s dog.) in the Classroom,” at some of the impact of dramatic changes in Apparently the dog was not www.k12.wa.us/facilities/ insurance costs. expecting this treatment, and bit the healthsafetyguide.asp for Pooling cannot guarantee there will be no boy in the face. guidelines. Address animals for increases in the cost of insurance coverage. show and tell times as well. What pooling offers is a more stable There was a paraprofessional environment that mitigates the impact of outside of the school building 2. Publish this restriction in school sudden changes in the market. ESD 112’s monitoring students leaving school newsletters. insurance pools will work with an independent and getting into parents’ vehicles. 3. Post signs prohibiting animals in actuary from Pricewaterhouse Coopers in She heard the boy yell, and brought several places on schools grounds. Seattle to evaluate the impact of the him into the health room. The school 4. Go over this prohibition and the upcoming renewal of excess insurance called 911. An ambulance arrived coverage for next year (2003-04). What is reasons for it with students. within 15 minutes. known now is that there will be increases in 5. Instruct staff on how to respond to the cost of coverage. While increased Animal control was contacted this behavior if they see it either contributions from member districts will not and put the dog in quarantine. during or outside of school hours. be 200-300%, increases could be in double (Tell staff to ask violators to remove digits. The injuries and damage animals from school grounds and LOOKING AHEAD inform administration.) Pooling is still the best choice when looking 6. Enforce the rule consistently. for stable, long-term, high-quality coverage. Injuries to the seven-year old boy 7. Involve local law enforcement or Last year the Workers’ Compensation Trust included a broken nose and a tear refunded $1 million to its member districts. In from his forehead to his lip that animal control when needed. the current year it is expected that program required 21 stitches. Plastic surgery In this case, although the claim for will make a similar refund. The Risk may be needed. The injured boy damages was not made against the Cooperative, by necessity, will utilize its sometimes wakes up at night with school, a student was seriously contingency margin/ equity to minimize the nightmares. The boy who owned injured. School rules are in place to impact of increased costs on its member the dog was traumatized because of protect students and staff, and these districts. Together the member districts in the the bite and losing his dog. rules need to be enforced. Remember insurance cooperatives/ pools can withstand that animals are unpredictable and the current “hard” insurance market The parents of the injured boy conditions until the cycle shifts to its softer have made the claim for damages should be kept away from children side. If you have any questions concerning the against the dog owner’s except under very controlled renewal of your insurance coverage, please homeowner insurance. The mother situations. call Loy Dale at the ESD. ESD 112 risk management matters 7 SW WA Risk Management WA WA Workers’ Compensation Cooperative Executive Trust Committee Bill Bentley, Chairman Chuck Anderson, Chairman Stevenson-Carson School District La Center School District Dr. Milt Dennison Dr. Glenys Hill Camas School District Kelso School District Tom Lockyer Emergency Paging Dr. Bill Hundley Ocean Beach School District Woodland School District Member districts need to report Mike Merlino John Medlin Evergreen School District emergencies at the time of the event. Skamania School District John Vencill Off Hours Access to ESD Insurance Jim Sutton Longview School District Programs is available by paging Kalama School District (360) 408-0373. SW WA Unemployment Compensation Pool Susan Garrett, Chairman ESD 112 Insurance Program Staff Contact Centerville School District Loy Dale, Executive Director Insurance Gary Goreth Shaun Mettler, Budget Analyst Longview School District Lisa George, Secretary Programs Jim Rochel, P/C Claims Adjuster Barry Gourley Sherri Phillips, WC Claims Adjuster During normal business hours, Monday Hockinson School District Tracey Usher, WC Claims Adjuster through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Dr. Rick Wilde Marla Bouma, WC Claims Assistant call (360) 750-7504, 568-SCAN, or Klickitat School District Peggy Sandberg, Loss Control Specialist 1 (800) 749-5861. Scott LaBar, WISHA Loss Contact us on line at: Terry Werner Control Specialist Castle Rock School District www.esd112.org/insurance_programs Objective The objective of Risk Management Matters is to provide useful information to our member districts. Educational Service District 112 Your contributions and comments 2500 NE 65th Ave. are welcome! Please call Loy Dale, Vancouver, WA 98661-6812 Executive Director, with comments. ESD 112 Risk Insurance Programs 2500 NE 65th Ave. Vancouver, WA 98661-6812 PH (360) 750-7504 FAX (360) 750-9836 Layout Evelyn Hambleton, ESD 112 Printing ESD 112 Print Center Dave Meadows, Print Center Manager Tom Nelson, Lead Press Operator Distribution An effort is made to distribute this publication to districts appropriately. If someone in your district did not receive a copy who should have one, please call (360) 750-7504 to have them added to the mailing list.