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Exploring Cremyll and the Cremyll ferry - Untitled

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Exploring Cremyll and the Cremyll ferry - Untitled Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                   Cremyll Village
                                                                                        Tower Cottage                                                                  The Edgcumbe
                                                                                        This cottage                                                                   Arms
                                                                                        used to have an                                                                There must always




                                                  Torpoint Archive
                                                                                        Italian - style bell                                                           have been an inn
                                                                                        tower and was                     Cottages on                                  of sorts near the
                                                                     Tower House built in the later 19th                  the Quay                                     ferry. In the 18th
                                                                                 century.                                 The cottages                                 century increasing
                                                                                                                          along the                                    numbers of
                                                                             Cremyll and Mount                            waterfront are                               genteel visitors
                  Cremyll Quays
                                                                             Edgcumbe House                               mostly 18th                                  were coming to
                  The quays are built of
                                                                             were hit by German                           century in                                   Mount Edgcumbe
                  local limestone and date
                                                  Margaret Lavers


                                                                             bombs in April 1941.                         origin and are                               Park. There were
                  from c.1837 when James




                                                                                                                                                                                            Margaret Lavers
                                                                             Two ferry-men who                            built of local     militia soldiers stationed in the Rame
                  Rendel, the engineer,
                                                                             were standing near                           red sandstone,     Peninsula. Business could be brisk. The inn
                  renewed them for the                                                                                                                                                                    The Earls Waiting Room
                                                                             the Cremyll ferry                 slate stone and limestone.    was modernised in 1762.
                  Earl of Mount Edgcumbe                   Bomb Damage to                                                                                                                                 The castle-like waiting room on the ferry
                                                                             shelter were killed.              Some were built as
                  at a cost of £277. They                  the Tower
                                                                                                                                             The present inn, the Edgcumbe Arms, was                      quay was built about 1850. It was probably
                                                                            Tower Cottage and                  lodging houses for ferry
                  need constant repair as                                                                                                    burnt to a shell in the winter of 1995 and                   designed by the architect George
                                                           nearby buildings were wrecked.                      men and as boat houses.
   winter storms wash away the fill behind                                                                                                   has been rebuilt.                                            Wightwick who was modernising Mount
                                                           Mount Edgcumbe House was gutted.
   the sea walls.                                                                                                                                                                                         Edgcumbe house at this time.The 16th
                                                                                                                                                                                                          century granite window and door frames
                       Quarry and Boat Yard                                                                                                                                                               were re-used from the main house.
                       Now run by Mashfords,
                       there has been a boat                                                                                                                                                        ‘Time and Tide Tarry for None’
                       building and repair yard                                                                                                                                                     The extension to the waiting room is
                       here since 1774. The                                                      N
                                                                                                                                                                                                    of artificial stone built c.1952. In its
   Mashfords Yard      Yard sits in an 18th                                                                                                                                                         wall is a fine Art Nouveau style clock
  century limestone quarry originally called                                                                                                                                                        dated 1885. This has a flowery frame
  Franks’ Quarry. In the 1850’s extensive                                                                                                                                                                            with the motto ‘Dost
  quarrying took place to provide building                                                                                                                                                                           Thou Love Life Then
  stone for the quays that are still in place;                                                                                                                                                                       Do Not Squander Time’
  the limestone waste was used to raise the
  level of the quay surfaces.                                                                                                                                                                                        The Ticket Office with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the iron turnstile is an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     early 20th century
                                                                                                                                                                                        building. Another iron turnstile used to stand at
             The Obelisk                                                                                                                                                                the north end of the quay to control visitors
             This was                                                                                                                                                                   landing from the beach at low tide.
             one of
             several                                                                                                                                                                                The Horse Boat Winch
             obelisks built                                                                                                                                                                         This 19th century cast
             as navigation                                                                                                                                                                          iron winch was used to
             marks                                                                                                                                                                                  pull the horse boats up
             around                                                                                                                                                                                 the beach. From the 18th
  Plymouth Sound in the                                                                                                                                                                century they must have had ramps at
  18th century. There                                                                                                                                                                  the stern to allow easier loading of
  were three on                                                                                                                                                                        coaches and carts. Animals were taken
  Plymouth Hoe.                                                                                                                                                                        across on the Cremyll Ferries from at
  Another stood in                                                                                                                                                                     least 1501 until the late1930’s.
  Mount Edgcumbe Park
  and was replaced by
  the Folly c.1745. The                                                                                                                                                                                                                      RSPCA
  Cremyll obelisk has                                                                                                                                                                                                                        panel at
  been reduced in                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ferry
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             building
  height, probably during
  World War II.
                                                                                                                                      Toll House                                                                “Be Merciful to Thy Beast”
                                                                                                                                      The Toll House
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The fountain was
                                                                                                                                      dates from
                                                                                                                                      about 1783                                                                                 built in 1909. It is
                  St Julian’s Well                                              The Chapel and                                                                                 The Modern                                        inscribed ‘Erected
                                                                                                                                      and was
                  For centuries drovers                                         School House                                          where riders,                            Village                                           to fulfil a wish of
                  moved cattle and sheep                                        The Chapel was                   carts, carriages and drovers paid                             Tucked behind the                                 Caroline
                  long distances on foot.                                       built in 1867 as a               tolls for the up-keep of the road.                            quay and                                          Countess of
                  Drinking troughs were                                         chapel of ease                   Roads and tracks were very                                    underneath the                                    Mount Edgcumbe
                  placed at roadsides. A                                        because Maker                    rough in this hilly area before the                           old quarry face is                                1909’. There is a
                  granite trough can be                  Church was too far away from Cremyll. It                Liskeard to Cremyll Turnpike Act      a small community of 20th century                                         big horse trough,
                  found near the medieval                was also a school-room for the children of              of 1760. After this time road         bungalows. Other buildings around the                    a small trough ‘For the Doggies’
                  St Julian’s well on the                Mount Edgcumbe estate workers and                       surfaces and drains were              car park, uphill from the Toll Cottage, are              and a basin for people.
                  road near Maker Church.                local villagers.                                        gradually improved.                   Edgcumbe estate houses.
  Animal cruelty was commonplace.



In medieval times the                                                                                                                                                                                              From the 1720s Formal
village on the shore at                                                                                                                                                                                            Gardens began to be
Cremyll was called West                                                                                                                                                                                            laid out near the water
Stonehouse. It was in                                                                                                                                                                                              in Mount Edgcumbe
the County of Devon                                                                                                                                                                                                Park. The Cremyll Ferry
until 1844.                                                                                                                                                                                                        buildings and the village
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   were outside the Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   railings.


                                                                                              Above:
                                                                                              1790. Cremyll. The Inn and cottages are on the left.
                                                                                              Mount Edgcumbe House stands above the quarry in the
                                                                                              centre. Boat building can be seen in the quarry. The
                                                                                              navigation obelisk is to the right.
                                                                                              W Tomkins. Plymouth Library Services
                                                                                              Left:
                                                                                              1850. Soldiers embarking from Cremyll beach with
                                                                                              Drakes Island in the distance.
                                                                                              William Collingwood Smith. Western Morning News
                                                                                              Right:
                                                                                              1905. HMS Impregnable training ship offshore and
                                                                                              apprentices maintaining a naval cutter on the beach.
                                                                                              Plymouth City Museum & Art Gallery

				
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