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                                                                                                  Fact File
trip around Afghanistan

              Have a Pleasure Trip to the Land of Natural Beauty &
              Unique Culture and discover Five Thousand Year History
                       In the Heart of Asia Afghanistan

                                 Choose our experience to manage your trip around   Afghanistan
                 Table of Contact                                       General Information on Afghanistan
   1.   Information on Afghanistan
             1) Geography and climate
             2) Safety and Security
             3) public Holiday
             4) Shopping Stuff
             5) Currency Information
   2.   Afghanistan Culture and Society
             1) Visa information
             2) Religion
             3) The Role of Hospitality
             4) Meeting and Greeting                              Afghanistan Flag              Afghanistan Map
             5) Mixing Between Genders
             6) What to Wear
             7) Dining Etiquette
             8) Get ready your self tour                  Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
             9)  Photography
   3.   Afghan Cuisine                                    National names:
             1) Gift Giving Etiquette
             2) Business Cards
             3) Language conversation                     Dari - Jomhuri-ye Eslami-ye Afghanestan
             4) Accommodation
   4.   Our tour Organizer
             1) Maps
                                                          Pashto: Da Afgahnsitan Islami Jamhurrat
             2) Our Address
                                                          President: HE Hamid Karzai (December 2001)
               Public Holiday 2008
                                                          Total area: 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km)

19 Jan Ashura (Martyrdom of Imam Hussein).                Population (2007 est.): 31,889,923 (growth rate: 2.6%); birth rate: 46.2/1000;
Feb* Mount Arafat Day.
                                                          infant mortality rate: 157.4/1000; life expectancy: 43.8; density per sq mi: 128
21 Mar Navruz (Persian New Year).
20 Mar Roze-Maulud (Birth of the Prophet).
18 Apr Liberation Day.                                    Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Kabul, 2,206,300
28 Apr Revolution Day; Loss of the Muslim Nation.
1 May Labor Day.
                                                          Other large cities: Kandahar, 349,300; Mazar-i-Sharif, 246,900; Charikar,
19 Aug National Day.
                                                          202,600; Herat, 171,500
2 Oct Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan).
9 Dec Eid-al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice).
                                                          Number of Provinces: 34
                  Shopping Stuff
                                                          Time: GMT + 4.5.
Special purchases include Turkman hats, Kandahar
embroidery, Istaff pottery, local glassware from Herat,   Monetary unit: Afghani
nomad jewelry, handmade carpets and rugs, Nuristani
woodcarving, silkware, brass, copper and silverwork.
Note: Many craft items may only be exported under         Languages: Dari Persian, Pashto (both official), other minor languages
Shopping-hours:                                           Ethnicity/race: Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimaks 4%,
Generally Saturday to Thursday (8 am to 8 pm)
                                                          Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, others 4%

             Currency Information:                        Religion: Islam (Sunni 80%, Shia 19%), other 1%
Afghani (AFN) Notes are in denominations of               Literacy rate: 36% (1999 est.)
AFN1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1. The US
Dollar is also widely accepted.                           Electricity: 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Supplies may be seriously affected and power cuts
Credit/Debit Cards and ATMs:
                                                          frequent. Geography and climate
Not generally accepted. There is one ATM in the
entire country, which dispenses Afghanis. This is
located in Kabul (Street 10, Wazir Akbar Khan) and        Geography and climate: Afghanistan is completely landlocked, bordered by
only accepts Visa-branded credit and debit cards          Iran to the west (925 kilometers), by the Central Asian States of Turkmenistan,
between 0830-1900 daily. It is recommended that
visitors carry sufficient funds in US Dollars.
                                                          Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north and northeast (2,380 kilometers), by China at
Traveler’s-Cheques:                                       the easternmost top of the Wakhan Corridor (96 kilometers), and by Pakistan to the east
It is not currently recommended to take traveler’s        and south (2,432 kilometers). For the most part, Afghanistan may be described as semi-
cheques to Afghanistan, since they are not widely         arid but regional variations and climate contrasts according to levels of elevation.
accepted and may take up to two months to clear. If       Annual rainfall is low, but the high mountains contain sources for many streams and
necessary, however, to avoid additional exchange          rivers which supply water for cultivation.
rate charges, travelers are advised to take traveller’s
cheques in US Dollars, Euros or Pounds Sterling.
Banking-Hours:                                            Safety and security: is very important issues all around the globe, the
Generally Saturday -Thursday 8 am to 4 pm                 Travelers who visit Afghanistan find it to be a very friendly and hospitable
Exchange Rate Indicators:                                 country and feel quite comfortable. On the other hand, as with any country you
                              Date   Apr 07               are not well-known with (and in particular in large cities such as Kabul), it is
                             £1.00= AFN96.84              recommended that you use caution just as you will in any city around the globe.
                             $1.00= AFN49.00              If you have arranged for explore of Afghanistan we will take you around by car
                             €1.00= AFN65.47              as Afghanistan is a big Country to look at, for more information ask our tour
                                     Choose our experience to manage your trip around      Afghanistan
      Tourist Visa Information and Regulations
        By Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affair                                                   Afghan Culture and Society

Tourist visa is issued for foreign nationals who are interested to
travel to Afghanistan individually or with a group for the                  Religion: Islam is practiced by the majority of Afghanis and governs much
purpose of visiting Afghanistan or their relatives .This type of            of their personal, political, economic, and legal lives. Among certain
visa is issued by the Afghan Missions aboard. The validity of               obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day - at dawn, noon,
this type of visa is for one month, which can be extend only                afternoon, sunset, and evening. Friday is the Muslims holy day. Most shops
once by the Ministry of Interior with the agreement of the                  and offices will be closed. The government offices and businesses close at
Afghan Tourism Organization.                                                evening of Thursday, making the weekend Thursday and Friday.
Guidelines for Visa Application                                             During the holy month of Ramadan all Muslims must fast from dawn to
1.   Visitors must hold:                                                    dusk and are only permitted to work six hours per day. Fasting includes no
2.    One completed visa application form                                   eating, drinking, cigarette smoking or gum chewing.
3.    Two recent passport size photo (size ¾ cm)
4.    Valid Passport, for at least 6 months                                 Foreigners are not required to fast; however, they must not eat, drink,
5.    A letter of introduction from your employer/sponsor                   smoke, or chew gum in public we request from all travelers keeping away
      stating the purpose and duration of your trip.                        from being the first to talk about politics, Subjects such as feminism and
6.    Visa processing fee (usually payable in local currency)
7.    Possibly a short interview
                                                                            atheism should not be broached and / or criticism of any of the prophets of
Note:                                                                       Islam or any other religious figures.
Most of our overseas missions have their own websites where you can
find out more about visa section opening time, documents required,
                                                                            The Role of Hospitality: Hospitality is an essential aspect of Afghan
waiting time, etc. Their regulations may vary depending on the type of      culture. No matter whom you are, if you visit a home you will be given the
visa you would like to apply for. Therefore, please first check with your   best the family has. This relates back to the idea of gaining honor. If you
local Afghan embassy or consulate.                                          are invited for tea, which you inevitably will be, you will be offered snacks
                                                                            and your tea glass will be constantly filled. When you have had enough
3: Important Information and Regulations
                                                                            cover the glass with your hand and say "bus" (meaning 'enough').
- We strongly recommend all visitors to extend their visa prior             Meeting and Greeting: When meeting someone the handshake is the
to expiry, if they wish to stay longer than the permitted                   most common form on greeting. You will also see people place their hands
duration. If the visa are not extended on the due date, the                 over their hearts and nod slightly. And one should always enquire about
holder of the passport will be fined US$2 for each day during               things like a person's health, business, family, etc.
the first month of the delay, US$5 for each day during the
                                                                            Women and men will never shake hands let alone speak directly to one
second month of the delay (fined can be paid at ports). If the
delay is more than two months, in addition to the fine, the                 another. Eye contact should also be avoided between men and women.
holder will be deported.                                                    Between men eye contact is acceptable as long as it is not prolonged - it is
- We strongly recommend foreign visitors to register with their             best to only occasionally look someone in the eyes.
embassy in Kabul, the local Afghan Police Department and the                Mixing Between Genders: Free mixing between genders only takes
Afghan Tourist Organization (if the visit is for tourism purposes           places within families, in professional situations such as at businesses or
only) on arrival.
                                                                            universities, males and females may be co-workers, but are nevertheless
- During your stay in Afghanistan, we respectfully request our
visitors to respect local culture and sensitivities.                        cautious to maintain each other's honor. The Foreign females must learn to
- Photos and Cinematographic films can be taken after                       read the rules and live by them. Women must always dress properly to
obtaining previous permission in writing from the Tourist                   avoid unwanted attention. Always wear loose fitting pants under your
Bureau, Press Department, located on the first floor of the                 skirts and be sure the definition of your legs is undistinguishable. It is also
Ministry of Information and Culture Building.                               strongly advisable to wear a headscarf in public. On the other hand foreign
- Transportation of some rare birds out of the country is illegal.          men should note that it is inappropriate to initiate social conversation with
Therefore, visitors must contact the Afghan Tourist Bureau to               a woman, and one should not ask a male about his wife or female
obtain more information and relevant export certificate.
                                                                            relatives. Men and women should never touch one another under any
- Tourists may export duty free 30 sqm carpets, 10 skins
excluding Karakul, cut and polished precious stones including               circumstances in public area
Lapis Lazuli, handicrafts and a limited variety of antiques.                What to Wear?: Men travelers If travel out side of Kabul city specially
- Upon arrival, visitors are required to declare all foreign                in some specific area then wearing the traditional Afghan dress (long shirt
currency (If the amount exceeds 1million AFS or its equivalent              and trousers) is best. Also it will be very nice to experience wearing the
value) that they carry. Please ask for ‘Ansari Application Form’
                                                                            afghan dress too. Women travelers must always dress modestly and
at the airport.
For further information please contact either the local                     conservatively. The general rule is to show as little flesh from the neck
Afghan consulate/embassy or contact zuhaak Tour and                         downwards. We recommend you to prepare for your self a long-sleeve
Logistics to help you.                                                      Salwar Ka-mis (panjabi) or knee-length, loose fitting suit; it covers most
Fine the local afghan embassy:                 parts of your body and is very comfortable too and wearing headscarf is
Information Reference:                              worthwhile Before you go out of Kabul for sightseeing make sure your self
                                                                            about the climate and weather and keep the necessary things ( like cloths,
                    Get ready your self tour                                medicine, and etc) you may need during tours. We recommend you to go
                                                                            through your tour organizer.
Nearly all of our trips are by 4WD Surf; there may also                     Dining Etiquette: Dining in Afghanistan is a different experience and
be some other modes of transportation depending on                          there are many differences in etiquette. Always remove your shoes at the
the kind of activities you have booked. Although few of                     door if visiting a home, mosque and mausoleum. If eating at someone's
our tours can be described as physically demanding you                      home, you will be seated on o the floor, usually on cushions and food is
will find all tricks enjoyable if you are reasonably fit and                served on plastic or vinyl tablecloths spread on the floor wait to be shown
                                                                            where to sit. If you can, sit cross-legged. Otherwise sit as comfortably as
                                                                            you can. Do not site with legs outstretched and your feet facing people
                          Photography                                       Food is generally served communally and everyone will share from the
                                                                            same dish. And do not eat with the left hand always pass and receive
Before you going to take some ones photo you be                             things using your right hand too. Food is eaten with the hands. It will be a
required to take permission form him/her we                                 case of watch and learn. Food is usually scooped up into a ball at the tip of
recommend you do take picture from women if you are                         the fingers, and then eaten. Leave food on your plate otherwise it will keep
male before taking picture it will be very good to ensure                   getting filled up again.
your self by your tour organizer
                                           Choose our experience to manage your trip around            Afghanistan
                                                      Gift Giving Etiquette : First
                                                                                  rule of gift giving is to never give
        Afghan Cuisine                                alcohol. The first time you go to someone's house for tea, it is
                                                      appropriate to bring a small gift. If you are invited to lunch or
From the Kushans, to the Ghaznavid sultans, to
the Durrani rulers such spheres of influence          dinner, bring fruit, sweets or pastries. Make sure the box is
have contributed much to the rich patterns of         wrapped nicely. When bringing a gift be subtle in how it is given.
civilization. Because of its special position in      Do not immediately give the present but rather discreetly place it
Central Asia, Afghanistan was also a crossroads
on the ancient Silk Routes connecting Europe
                                                      near the door or where you sit down. When it comes to wrapping
with the Far East. Traders and merchants from         gifts there is no special protocol. Green is good for weddings.
many countries traveled there, including the
famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo. This             Business Cards: Business cards are not widely used in Afghanistan.
traffic brought many imported items such as
Chinese tea and Indian spices, all of which have
                                                      They therefore carry a sense of importance and prestige. If you
had a big effect on Afghan cuisine. The               are given a business card, take it respectfully and study it so that
numerous different ethnic groups living in            they see that you are spending time considering their credentials.
Afghanistan - the Tajiks, Turkomans, Uzbeks,          Comment on it and any qualifications the giver may have. Try not
Baluchis, Pashtuns and Hazaras are just some
of them - have also left their mark on Afghan
traditions and food.                                           Table spread                  Below we prepare some basic
                                                                                             conversation English to Dari or
In short, Afghanistan has been a melting pot for                                             Farsi language it may useful for
a large number of cultures and traditions over                                               your basic conversation please
the centuries, and these different influences can                                            practice it.
be detected in the variety of Afghan food and                                                Hello ][ Salam
the regional specialties.                                                                    Good morning ][ Sob- Ba-khir
                                                                                             Good after noon ][ zohor- ba-khir
                                                        Breads and accompaniment
The main drink is tea (black tea and green tea)                                              Good night ][ shab-ba-khir
                                                                                             How are you? = Chi-toor-hasty?
Afghani Food Items:                                                                          I am fine thank you = man Khub-os-tom -
    •    Afghan Kufta (meatballs)
                                                                                             What is your name? ][asmi-shema –chist?
    •    Afghan Kadu Bouranee (Sweet
                                                                                             My name is Jan ][ asmi –man –Jan ast
                                                                                             Where are you from?][shema az koja
    •    Afghan Spice Rub                               lamb kebab with yellow rice          hasten ?
    •    Aush (hand made Noodles)
                                                                                             I am from Italia ][ man az Italia hastam
    •    Bichak
                                                                                             Ok ][ khoob
    •    Shore-Wa (Afghanistanisoup)similar to
                                                                                             Goodbye = Khuda Hafiz
                                                                                             Left = Chap\ Right = Rost \ Straight =
    •    Dolma Grape leaves                                                                  Rubaru \ Back = Posht or akib
    •    Londai
                                                                                             Monday = Dushanbe
    •    Kichirai                                                  Palao                     Tuesday = Seshanbe
    •    Bonjan (Cooked eggplant w/potatoes                                                  Wednesday = Charshanbe
         and tomatoes)                                                                       Thursday = Panjshanbe
    •    Bendai                                                                              Friday = Juma
                                                                                             Saturday = Shanbe
    •    Bolawnee/Bolani
                                                                                             Sunday = Yakshanbe
    •    Quroot (dried yogurt)
    •    Halwaua-e-Aurd-e-Sujee                                                              One = Yak Two = Du Three = Say Four =
    •    Nan-i-Afghan (Afghan bread)                                                         Char Five = Panj Six = Shash Seven = Aft
                                                                                             Ei h    A h Ni       N T      D
    •    Osh Pyozee (Stuffed onions)
    •    Mantu (Meat dumplings)
    •    Qabili Palau (Traditional rice dish)
                                                    Accommodation: Our main criterion for choosing hotels is cleanliness. On
    •    Dampukht (Steamed Rice)                    any of our tours hotels are simple, but comfortable. Bathroom facilities may
    •    Bonjan Salad (Spicy Eggplant salad)        sometimes be shared. In Kabul we arrange accommodation with guesthouses
    •    Ashak                                      featuring very decent facilities and comforts. Bear in mind though that even in
    •    Shore-Nakhode (Chick peas w/special        Kabul and particularly outside the capital you will have to make compromises if
         toppings)                                  it comes to electricity. In Kabul the guesthouses do have generators but in the
    •    Moss or labanyat (type of plain yogurt)    countryside they may not. Please bear in mind that hotels can sometimes suffer
    •    Chakida (type of sour cream)               from minor problems and technical difficulties. At each hotel we will try to
    •    Salata (type of salad, similar to          organize the rooming arrangements to suit everyone's requirements. If you are
         Mexican salad)                             traveling alone we will allocated a room with another group member of the
    •    Sher Berinj (Rice pudding)                 same sex (unless you have paid a single supplement*). If you are traveling as a
    •    Cream roll (pastries)                      couple we will give you a room of your own (please note that we cannot
                                                    guarantee the availability of double beds.) All our accommodations are with
    •    Afghan Cake (similar to pound cake
                                                    hotels that have at least 3* & above and there are hotels which we work with
         sometimes with real fruit inside)
                                                    that has 5* international standards (Note: 5* Kabul only).
    •    Gosh Feel (Pastries)
    •    Kebabs (similar to Middle Eastern style)

                                   Choose our experience to manage your trip around   Afghanistan
Our tour Organizer:          Your Tour organizer responsibility is to make sure every part of the trip run well. He/ she
will share their local knowledge, advise on how to fill your free time and organize the day to day running of the tour
although occasionally he/she may need your understanding if things do not go according to plan. If you have any
problems on the tour, please let your Tour organizer know so that steps can be taken to put it right.

                                                                     Zuhaak Tours &Logistics
                                                                      Transportation, Translation, Car Rental, Tour Package, Commercial, Logistics

                                                                     Shari-e Naw, 4th Sreet of Ansari Squire,
                                                                     House #33 - Kabul Afghanistan.
                                                                     Tel: +93 (0)752-031-420
                                                                     Mob: +93 (0)797-406-008
                                                                          +93 (0)797-406-009
                                                                          +93 (0)772-020-916
                                                                     24 hours Minicab Service in Kabul City:

                                                                     Mob:           +93 (0)799-40-90-30
                                                                                    +93 (0)777-40-90-30
                                                                                    +93 (0)707-40-90-30


                   Zuhaak Tour Logistics &, find us on the Kabul

                         Choose our experience to manage your trip around          Afghanistan