Draft Cobourg Context Excerpts _Demographic Profile_ - Cobourg by dfsdf224s


									Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

        Cobourg Multi-Use Community Centre (CCC)
        Feasibility Study
Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile


    Provided below are excerpts of Part 1 - Cobourg Context, of the Draft Cobourg Multi-Use Community Centre
    (CCC) Feasibility Study.
    This information is provided to the general public as background information.
    The Community Centre Streering Committee will post further information, as it becomes available following
    review and approval.

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

1.0 Location

1.1      Location and Setting
As shown in Figure 1, the Town of Cobourg is located on Lake Ontario, and is one of seven local municipalities
comprising Northumberland County. The Township of Hamilton surrounds the Town on its three non-lake borders.
The closest urban centre is the Town of Port Hope, which is approximately 15km west of Cobourg. Regionally,
Cobourg is approximately half-way between the cities of Toronto and Belleville.

Figure 1: Location of Cobourg1

Cobourg is beyond the boundaries of the GTA (Greater Toronto Area). At the same time, it is part of Ontario’s Places
to Grow2 planning area (the Greater Golden Horseshoes) that includes Northumberland County. Cobourg is
integrated with the regional transportation network that includes Hwy. 401, Hwy. 2, and VIA commuter rail services. It
supports over 60 manufacturing industries locally, making it a major commercial centre for the region.3

1 Source: http://www.northumberlandcounty.ca/location_maps/index.asp
2 Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal. Places to Grow. Growth Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe. Ontario. 2006.
3 Source: www.cobourg.ca
Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

2.1       Age Distribution 2001 to 2006
                                             Table 2.1: Age Profiles 2001 and 2006
Age Profile              Cobourg 2001           Cobourg 2006                      Trend                    Ontario 2006
                            17,172                 18,210

% 0 - 4 years old              5.0                    4.3          -declining in Cobourg and lower than        5.5
                                                                   the province as a whole
% 5 - 14 years old            13.0                   10.7                                                      12.7

% 15 - 19 years old            7.1                    6.7          -declining in Cobourg and                   6.8
                                                                   comparable to the province as a
% 20 - 34 years old                                  14.4          -declining in Cobourg and                   19.2
                              43.6                                 considerably lower than the province
%35 - 54 years old                                   26.9                                                      31.1
                                                                   as a whole
% 55 - 74 years old           21.0                   23.5          - increasing in Cobourg and                 18.3
                                                                   considerably higher than province-
% 75 years and                10.3                   13.4                                                      6.4
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada

2.2       Age Distribution Summary 2001 to 2006
                                        Table 2.2: Age Profile Summary 2001 and 2006
Age Profile              Cobourg 2001           Cobourg 2006                      Trend                    Ontario 2006
% 0 - 19 years old            25.1                   21.8          3.3% decline in the 0-19 year old age       25.1
                                                                      group offset by 3.3% increase in
% 20 - 64 years old           53.7                   53.8                                                      61.4
                                                                    those 65+ years of age in Cobourg;
% 65 years and                21.2                   24.5            considerably older population than        13.5
older                                                                     the province as a whole
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

2.3       Population Characteristics 2001 to 2006

      Census Indicator          Cobourg 2001        Cobourg 2006                        Trend                   Ontario 2006
% growth since 2001                    -                    6.0        - growth, comparable to province              6.6
median age                        41.9 years          46.1 years       - aging, noticeably higher than             39 years
% speaking English most                -                    97         - considerably more uni-lingual than          80
often at home                                                          the province as a whole

% with English as mother              93                    91         - relatively stable, almost 25% higher        68
tongue                                                                 than province

% that moved between                                        40
                                                                       - comparable to province                      41
2001 and 2006
% of movers from other                                      19         - relatively less in-migration than in
Ontario municipalities                                                 communities across the province
Families and Households
% of couple households                27                    24         - declining proportion in Cobourg,
                                                                       noticeably less than provincial               31
with children
% of couple households                32                    33         - relatively stable in Cobourg, higher
                                                                       than the province as a whole                  28
without children
% of one-person                       27                    28         - relatively stable in Cobourg, higher
                                                                       than provincially                             24

median household income         $47,046 (2000)      $53,573 (2005)     - increase, lower than the province-
                                                                                                                $60,455 (2005)
                                                                       wide median
participation rate                   58.9                   58.8       - very stable, below province                 64.1
employment rate                      54.9                   54.9       - very stable, below province                 60.7
unemployment rate                     6.7                   6.7        - very stable, above province                 5.4
Top Three Occupations
% sales and service                   27                    27         - stable, higher representation than
 % trades, transportation,            14                    15         - slight increase, comparable to the
                                                                       province as a whole                           14
equipment operations
 % business, finance &                13                    13         - stable, lower representation than
                                                                       province-wide                                 19
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

2.4       Northumberland County Demographic Comparison 2001 to 2006
                                             Table 2.4: Age Profiles 2001 and 2006
Age Profile              Cobourg 2001            Cobourg 2006                        Trend                      Northumberland
                            17,172                  18,210                                                       County 2006

% 0 - 4 years old              5.0                    4.3            -declining in Cobourg and slightly              4.4
                                                                     lower than the County as a whole
% 5 - 14 years old            13.0                   10.7                                                            11.6

% 15 - 19 years old            7.1                    6.7            -declining in Cobourg and                       7.0
                                                                     comparable to the County as a whole
% 20 - 34 years old                                  14.4            -declining in Cobourg and lower than            13.7
                              43.6                                   the County as a whole
%35 - 54 years old                                   26.9                                                            29.8
% 55 - 74 years old           21.0                   23.5            - increasing in Cobourg and                     24.2
                                                                     considerably higher than the County
% 75 years and                10.3                   13.4                                                            9.3
                                                                     in the oldest age groups
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada

      Census Indicator          Cobourg 2001        Cobourg 2006                       Trend                    Northumberland
                                                                                                                 County 2006
Families and Households
% of couple households                27                    24         - declining in Cobourg, and noticeably
                                                                       lower than the County as a whole               28
with children

% of couple households                32                    33         - relatively stable in Cobourg and
                                                                       noticeably lower than the County as a          37
without children
% of one-person                       27                    28         - relatively stable in Cobourg, and
                                                                       noticeably higher than the County              23
                                      16                    18         - increasing in Cobourg and
% of lone-parent families                                              noticeably higher than the County as           13
                                                                       a whole

median household income         $47,046 (2000)      $53,573 (2005)     - increasing in Cobourg, and lower
                                                                                                                 $55,802 (2005)
                                                                       than the County-wide median
Source: Statistics Canada, 2001 and 2006 Census of Canada

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

2.5      Future Population
Population forecasts are based on a number of assumptions regarding anticipated employment growth, population
movement, the mix of dwelling units that will be constructed, and the number of people that will occupy each type of
unit. As such, they are estimates only and are less reliable as the timeframe increases. Projected population figures
for Cobourg, therefore, are not fixed and are subject to change over time. Nevertheless, considerable growth is
anticipated and this scenario is reflected in the estimates for this study.

The planning period for the Feasibility Study extends to 2038 - a 30-year time frame. Cobourg’s 2038 population is
estimated at 31,4004 - a 72% increase over the 2006 Census total. Using a 2008 figure of 18,984, interim estimates
are 23,252 in 2018 and 27,262 in 2028.

The Town’s build-out population is estimated at 41,491, with no timeframe for full development. Of this total, 24,991
will reside in the Existing Urban Service Area, and 16,500 will live in the Cobourg East Community. Cobourg East will
be developed in the north east section of the municipality in the area bounded by Hwy. 401 to the north, Jarvis Road
(Town boundary) to the east, the CN rail line to the south and existing residential areas to the west. In terms of the
distribution of population growth, 71% will locate in the Cobourg East Community and the remaining 29% will locate
in the existing urban area. Total population will be split 60% and 40% between the existing urban area and Cobourg
East, respectively.

2.6      Summary and Conclusions
Cobourg is a distinct urban centre within the Greater Golden Horseshoe city-region. In recent years, the Town’s
population has grown, and is aging at a noticeably faster rate than Ontario’s as a whole. This is very likely due to the
combined results of two trends - our population’s overall aging and the attractiveness of Cobourg to retirees who
relocate to the Town from other communities. Generally, we expect this trend to continue, although it will be offset to
some degree by the Town’s efforts to ensure age diversity in its population base by attracting new employers and
younger residents. Population projections anticipate considerable future growth in Cobourg, and that growth will
comprise a balanced mix of households types, including those with and without children.

Between 2000 and 2005, median household incomes in Cobourg increased by 15%. While the local median figure is
less than that for Ontario, relatively fewer households in Cobourg are supporting children than in the province as a
whole. Locally, therefore, disposable income for leisure pursuits may be greater than the figures immediately
suggest. This view is supported by 2006 Census data that show a considerably lower representation of people with
low incomes after taxes in Cobourg (5%) than province-wide (11.1%).
Over the next 30 years, the Town’s population is projected to increase by 72% - to approximately 31,400. The
majority of this growth will occur in newly developed residential areas, with about 30% locating in the existing urban
area. Future growth will comprise households with, and without, children.

4Estimated using 2006 Census total and projections contained in C.N. Watson and Associates Ltd. Town of Cobourg
Development Charge Background Study. September 2006.

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

3.0       Recreation Infrastructure and Programs

3.1       Introduction

This section reviews the current supply and use of indoor recreation facilities in Cobourg. The supply of, and general
participation levels in, indoor programming is also reviewed. Relevant recommendations from the 2000 Parks and
Recreation Facilities Plan on indoor facilities and programs are noted.

3.2       Indoor Recreation Facilities

3.2.1     Core Facility Supply and Use
Core indoor recreation facilities in Cobourg and their use levels (for which information was readily available) are
summarized below.

                                     Table 3.1: Summary of Core Recreation Facilities and Use
      Facility Type and Description                 Ownership and Operations                          Levels of Use
Jack Heenan Arena                             owned, operated and scheduled by the      -prime time on both ice surfaces
                                              municipality                              (3:30pm to 11pm weekdays and 7am to
(constructed 1976); 185’ x 85’ ice                                                      11pm weekends) is at 98% to 99%
surface                                                                                 capacity.
                                                                                        - unmet demand exists for ice time
                                                                                        between 6pm and 9pm
Memorial Arena                                                                          - all weekends between September and
(constructed 1948); 177’ x 77’ ice                                                      April are booked for tournaments
surface                                                                                 - July and August are busy rental
YMCA                                           owned by the Town; operated and          - gym is available for community rental
                                               programmed by the YMCA                   but is heavily used for regular YMCA
Indoor pool, 2 squash courts, gym,
                                                                                        programs during prime-time
fitness centre and childcare facilities
Seniors Centre                                owned and operated by the Town;           - very well used for a variety of programs
                                              programmed by the Cobourg & District      and activities for members 55+ years of
                                              Seniors’ Activities Committee             age

15 school gyms and 1 auditorium               owned and operated by: Kawartha Pine      - generally well used in off-season for
                                              Ridge District School Board;              cross-training by field sport groups and
10 elementary school gyms,1 single and
                                              Peterborough Victoria Northumberland      for other community activities (e.g., Girl
4 double gyms in secondary schools,
                                              and Clarington Catholic District School   Guides, Boy Scouts)
and 1 auditorium
                                              Board; Northumberland Christian School
4 large halls/community rooms                 - Citizens’ Forum in Town Hall            - well used for a wide range of
                                              - Concert Hall in Town Hall               community programs and activities
                                              - Library
                                              - Lions Centre (Town-owned)
Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

5 small halls/community rooms               - Market Building (Town-owned)
                                            - Orange Lodge
                                            - Royal Canadian Legion
                                            - Columbus Community Centre
                                            - Memorial Temple
Library                                     owned and operated by the Town;
                                            programmed by the Library Board
Concert Hall                                owned, operated and scheduled by the
                                            Concert Hall Committee
Art Gallery                                 owned and operated by the Town;
                                            programmed by the Art Gallery of
                                            Northumberland volunteer organization
In addition to the facilities listed above, there are a number of churches in Cobourg - many of which have some
combination of community space, including gyms, large halls, banquet facilities, libraries, auditoriums, and meeting
rooms/classrooms. The majority of the facilities that are available for use outside their respective congregations are
well used by community groups.
The municipal supply of indoor recreation facilities is at, or slightly above, a comfortable carrying capacity. Although
Town facilities are excellently maintained and efficiently operated, they are approaching the end of their lifecycles. As
older facilities, they are also not current in their design and operating systems.
The Cobourg YMCA opened in the early 1980s, and has since undergone a number of renovations to update and
improve the facility. The YMCA is currently working towards redeveloping and expanding the building to provide
state-of-the-art facilities and services and to expand its membership capacity, which now exceeds the Y’s general
guideline for accommodation.

3.3.2       Parks and Recreation Facilities Master Plan Recommendations
The Town’s 2000 Master Plan5 contains a number of recommendations that are relevant to providing future municipal
indoor facilities:

       •    a standard of supply of one indoor pool for every 20,000 population be adopted by the Town. As such, no
            new indoor pools are recommended during the planning time frame for this Master Plan (to the year
            2011).(p. 30)
       •    any future development of ice pads should ultimately be designed as a twin pad facility. (p. 37)6
       •    expanding the Seniors’ Activity Centre is unlikely to be required during the time frame of this Master Plan,
            however, could be required within 10 -15 years. If it is deemed that the Town requires a larger Seniors’
            Activity Centre, that the Town should hire a Seniors’ Coordinator to facilitate the Centre’s programs. (p. 51)
       •    there is no apparent need for additional hall or meeting facilities. (p. 53)

5   Monteith Planning Consultants. The Town of Cobourg Parks and Recreation Facilities Master Plan. September 2000.
6   The Plan did not recommend a population based standard of supply for arenas.

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

       •    the Art Gallery of Northumberland is very pleased with its Victoria Hall facility but would be interested in
            more space for displays and offices. (p. 53)
       •    no additional squash or racquetball courts are required. (p. 54)
       •    an additional dedicated youth facility is not required to serve youth at this time; the Town should ensure
            community access to school properties and gymnasiums for youth opportunities in basketball, volleyball etc.
            (p. 56)
The Master Plan study included a random sample survey of households, which resulted in the following proportionate
support for new or expanded indoor facilities: youth centre (52%); seniors’ centre (33%), ice rink/arena (30%); indoor
pool (30%); gymnasium (21%); cultural centre (20%); community hall (19%); fitness/weight room (18%); meeting
space (11%). As a point of reference, the most frequently requested facility was a skateboard park (67%). (p.87)

3.3         Indoor Recreation Programs

3.3.1       Program Supply and Use
Cobourg residents enjoy a wide range of program opportunities, the large majority of which comprise services offered
by the YMCA and the volunteer sector. The commercial sector also offers a number of wellness programs and
services. As discussed in Section 4, the YMCA’s role in Cobourg is similar to that of a municipality, in that the
YMCA’s mandate, through an agreement with the Town, requires it to operate the facility as a community recreation
centre, by providing programs that respond to community demand and accommodating non-members. Information
provided by the YMCA indicates that non-members are fully accommodated since there are no ceilings on the
number of program participants. Program fees for non-members are nominally higher than those for members.
Although data are not available for non-member use, recent figures on members’ use alone suggest that the YMCA
is operating over capacity. A national guideline for a comfortable membership capacity or density is 10 members per
square foot of facility space. The Cobourg YMCA, however, now supports about 11 members per square foot.
Selected membership statistics from daily counts between December 2006 and September 2008 show fluctuations
ranging from 3,749 to 3,981.7 The number of family members ranged from 2,439 to 2,666 and senior member figures
ranged from 294 to 337 (from December 2006 to May 2008).

3.3.2       Parks and Recreation Facilities Master Plan Recommendations
The Master Plan concluded that the residents of Cobourg are very well supplied with recreation program, with the
following two exceptions: the need to better balance the supply of arts, culture and education programs with that of
sports programs: and the need to expand programming for older adults/seniors in keeping with the growth of this
segment of the Town’s population. (pp. 23-24)

7   Figures do not include staff-family memberships or non-members.

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

The household survey for the 2000 Master Plan indicated that 16% of respondents were interested in the following
types of programs new indoor programs: youth, seniors, dance, woodworking, art, basketball leagues, computers,
football, gymnastics, lacrosse, preschool, tae-bo, tai chi, yoga etc. (p. 86)

3.4      Regional Service Market
Cobourg is part of a larger market for recreation services. As a local urban centre, the Town provides residents of
other area municipalities - and particularly Hamilton Township - with certain recreation and culture services that are
not available within these communities. This trend is expected to continue to as the area’s population grows.
Cobourg residents also travel to adjacent communities to access services not available locally, including municipal
aquatic facilities and additional ice time at other area arenas.
There are seven indoor ice pads8 and one aquatic centre within a 30-minute drive of Cobourg. Of these, Baltimore
Recreation Centre (twin pad arena)9 in Hamilton Township and Jack Burger Sports Complex in Port Hope are the
closest. In response to a significant shortfall in available ice time, The Town of Port Hope is planning an expansion at
the Jack Burger Sports Complex. The new facility components will include a second arena, walking track, fitness
centre, community room, an overhaul of existing pool change rooms, common entry lobby and centrally located food
services, and new administrative offices.10
While it is important to consider the regional market of available services when assessing local demand for service
expansion, Cobourg is located in the easternmost portion of the Greater Golden Horseshoe - the whole of which is
anticipating considerable future population growth. According to the Growth Management Strategy for
Northumberland County, Northumberland’s population is expected to increase from 80,960 (2006) to 96,000 or
18.6% by 2031.11 It is reasonable to expect, therefore, that each area municipality will be dealing with the demands of
a growing population and will not be in a position to accommodate high levels of non-resident use of recreation
services over the long-term. At the same time, Cobourg will experience increasing demand for services from the
communities it currently serves, as their populations grow.

3.5      Summary and Conclusions
The 2000 Parks and Recreation Facilities Master Plan suggested the possible need for expanded facility capacity
beyond the Plan’s end date of 2011, in reference to aquatic facilities, arenas and seniors’ activity space. The
recommended supply ratio for indoor pools indicates the need to consider a second facility to accommodate long-
term population growth. The Plan also indicated the need for a better balance between community arts and culture,
and sport and recreation, programs. Overall, however, Cobourg remains well supplied with a variety of recreation
program opportunities for all age groups and different interests.

8 Monteith Planning Consultants. Town of Cobourg Parks and Recreation Master Plan. September 2000.
9 Second ice pad added in 2002/03.
10 www.porthope.ca
11 Growth Management Strategy for Northumberland County and its Member Municipalities. Newsletter No. 1. March 2008.

These figures are lower than those projected in Town of Cobourg planning documents.

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

Existing indoor recreation facilities, including that two arenas and the YMCA, are at, or slightly above, comfortable
carrying capacities. Although Town facilities are excellently maintained and efficiently operated, they are approaching
the end of their lifecycles. As older facilities, they are also not current in their design and operating systems. The
YMCA is currently working towards redeveloping and expanding to provide state-of-the-art facilities and services.

3.6      Sports Participation Trends

                                          Table 3.6: Sports Participation Trends
              Trend                                                             Details
Canada’s sport participation rate      The national sport participation rate12 dropped in 2005, continuing the downward trend
continues to decline                   that was observed in the 1998 General Social Survey results. Participation in sport in
                                       Canada declined from 45% in 1992 to 28% in 2005. In 1998, more than one third (34%) of
                                       the Canadian population aged 15 and over participated in sport on a regular basis. In
                                       2005, the figure was about one quarter (25%): from 9.6 million to 7.3 million Canadians
                                       over the seven-year period.
Sport participation is decreasing      Young Canadians aged 15 to 18 years had the highest sport participation rate, but that
across all age groups                  also declined from 77% in 1992 to 59% in 2005. Canadians aged 55 and over had the
                                       lowest participation rate at 17%, down from 25% in 1992. A similar trend was observed in
                                       the other age groups. As Canadian youth get older, their rate of participation in sport
                                       decreases. With over two-thirds of the Canada’s 2005 population in the 35 years of age
                                       and older cohorts, this downward trend may continue as the population continues to age.
Declining sport participation          Between 1998 and 2005, sport participation in Ontario declined by 3.3% among those 15
rates in Ontario                       years of age and older. Across all provinces, the greatest proportionate decrease
                                       occurred in Quebec (11%). Prince Edward Island showed an increase of 3.4%, and
                                       participation in Nova Scotia showed a minimal 0.2% decline.
                                       28.5% of Ontarians 15 years of age and older regularly participated in sports in 2005,
                                       compared to 28% nationally.
                                       In 2005, 17.1% of Ontarians aged 15 years and older participated in structured sports, and
                                       16.9% engaged in unstructured sports. National participation rates for structured and
                                       unstructured sports were 16.6% and 16.2%, respectively.

Table 5.5: Sport Participation Trends (cont’d)
Trends                                 Details
Education and income are               The higher the level of education, the more likely a person is to participate actively in
related to sports participation        sport. In 2005, one quarter of Canadians (aged 15 and over) with a high school diploma or
                                       less participated in sport, compared to 30% of those with a post secondary diploma and
                                       33% of those with a university degree.


Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

                                  Income has a direct effect on sport participation, with participation increasing as
                                  household income grows. In 2005, households with incomes of $80,000 and over were
                                  twice as likely to participate in sport as those with incomes below $30,000.
People born in Canada             People born in Canada are more likely to participate in sport than are people born outside
participate more in sport than    the country. Recent immigrants13 reported a participation rate of 27%, almost three
immigrants                        percent lower than that of the Canadian-born population. Those who came to Canada
                                  before 1990 were much less likely to participate in sport, with only a 19% participation
Students are the most active      Students remain the most active group in Canada. Their participation rate in sport,
participants in sport             however, declined from 64% in 1998 to 51% in 2005. The rate was highest for male
                                  students at 59%, although still less than it was in 1998 (76%)
Participation is highly           Out of nearly 100 sports played in Canada, adult participation is highly concentrated in a
concentrated in a few sports      limited number: golf (5.7%), ice hockey (5.0%), swimming (2.9%), soccer (2.7%),
                                  basketball (2.4%), baseball (2.0), volleyball (2.0), skiing (1.9%) and cycling (1.8%).
                                  For active men, participation was concentrated in hockey (25.9%), golf (25.2%),
                                  basketball (9.7%), soccer (8.8%) and baseball (7.7%).
                                  Active women participate most frequently in swimming (18.7%), golf (12.2%), soccer
                                  (11.3%), volleyball (11.1%), and skiing (8.1%)
Soccer has become the sport of    Active children participate most frequently in soccer (44.1%), ice hockey (26.1%),
choice for Canadian children      swimming (24.8%), basketball (18.9%), baseball (13.6%), and volleyball (10.5%).
aged 5 to 14 years
                                  Active boys’ top sports are the same as those for children in general: soccer (44.4%), ice
                                  hockey (33.8%), swimming (20.5%), basketball (17.2%), baseball (15.5%), and volleyball
                                  Active girls participate most frequently in soccer (43.7%), swimming (30.3%), basketball
                                  (21.0%), ice hockey (16.2%), volleyball (13.5%), baseball (11.2%), and gymnastics
Changing participation patterns   Among the top five sports in which children participated in 2005, the following changes
among those aged 5 to 14 years    occurred in rates of involvement since 1998:
                                  - an increase in soccer participation, from 32.1% to 44.1%
                                  - an increase in ice hockey participation from 23.4% to 26.1%
                                  - an increase in swimming participation from 22.9% to 24.8%
                                  - an increase in basketball participation from 13.8% to 18.9%
                                  - a decrease in baseball participation from 22.1% to 13.6%
                                  While the following trends should be considered with caution due to limited data/overall
                                  low rates of participation, indicators suggest:
                                  - stable to decreased participation in ice-based activities like ringette and figure skating
                                  - stable participation in softball, badminton

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

                                  - increased participation in football, rugby, field hockey, lacrosse, ball hockey, curling
Variations in participation       Overall, boys (55%) were more active in sport than girls (44%), but girls maintained the
patterns between boys and girls   same level of participation between 1998 and 2005; boys’ involvement dropped from 59%
                                  during that period.
                                  Among the top five sports in which all children participated in 2005, the following changes
                                  occurred in rates of involvement by boys and girls since 1998:
                                  - participation in soccer increased among both boys and girls, although girls’ involvement
                                  showed a larger proportionate increase (16% for girls and 9% for boys)
                                  - participation in ice hockey decreased among boys by 2% and increased among girls by
                                  - participation in swimming decreased slightly among boys and increased slightly for girls
                                  - participation in basketball increased by 4% for boys and 6% among girls
                                  - participation in baseball decreased among both boys and girls (10% and 6%,
                                  - participation in volleyball increased among both boys and girls (5% each)
Increase in tournament and        Canadians are participating more in tournaments and competitions: 36% in 1998 and 39%
competitive participation by      in 2005. While more active males participated in competitive sports than active females,
active Canadians                  the gap between them has narrowed from a 12% spread 1998 to 10% in 2005. In 1998,
                                  29% of active females participated in competitive sports. By 2005, the proportion was

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

3.7       Arts and Culture Participation

                                       Table 3.7: Arts and Culture Participation
                               Entertainment Activities Participated      % of total adult
                                  in by Canadians Frequently or
                                Occasionally During a Typical Year
                                                                           (24.8 million)

                              Festivals or Fairs                                         57
                              Historic Site/Heritage Building                            36
                              Live Theatre                                               32
                              Museums                                                    30
                              Art Galleries or Art Shows                                 28
                              Rock Music Concerts                                        20
                              Classical Music Concerts                                   15
                              Jazz Clubs                                                    7
                              the Ballet                                                    7
                              Operas                                                        6

3.8       Summary and Conclusions
Areas of potential increases in sport participation among Canadians include:

      •   swimming, particularly among active adult women;
      •   field sports such as soccer, at the expense of traditional league activities like baseball;
      •   “old” field sports such as football, rugby, field hockey, lacrosse, etc. that appear to be experiencing a
          resurgence in participation;
      •   indoor sports such as basketball, volleyball etc.
Participation in sport among females appears to be growing, particularly in areas such as hockey that have been
traditionally male-dominated. As with engagement in physical activity, non-participation in sport among Canadians is

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

at largely due to personal preferences and interests that are unrelated to either demographics or opportunities to get

Fitness and wellness programming appears to be expanding at a rapid rate, both in terms of the extent of available
programs and participation levels. This area of interest is broadening to include fusion programs, workplace and
home-based services, and is now attracting youth participation.
Similarly, both indirect and direct participation in arts, culture and heritage activities is on the rise and can be
anticipated to increase in the future.

4.0         Cobourg’s Future Orientation
The Town’s Official Plan contains a number of statements that describe its intended future direction in recreation
services. The Town’s Vision Statement sets the overall tone for the Official Plan:
The Town of Cobourg is a community in transition with proud historical, natural and rural heritage traditions, serving a
key role as a vibrant employment and service urban centre.

The Town of Cobourg is proud of its historical, natural and rural heritage traditions. This heritage will be maintained
as the community strengthens its function as a vibrant urban centre, which provides employment opportunities and
community services for the local and surrounding areas. In particular, it will:
       i)   be a safe and friendly community;
       ii) be an environmentally aware community with a linked green space system, including protected natural
           features and habitats, as well as active parkland;
       iii) establish and meet the service needs of its residents, including the young, old and other special needs
            groups, in a financially feasible responsible manner;
       iv) be a well designed community with attractive “streetscapes”; and,
       v) foster an economic climate which supports the financial health of the community.14

The Vision is supported by six Community Development Principles, two of which are particularly relevant to
recreation facilities and services. These are summarized below:

                        Table 4.1: Community Development Principles Relevant to Recreation Services

14   Town of Cobourg Official Plan. Office Consolidation. August 2002. Section 2.1

Town of Cobourg - Demographic Profile

 Community Development Principle                          Intent                            Recreation-related Objectives
Healthy and Economically Viable          - to encourage planning that will            - to provide for a range of recreational,
Community (No. 2.5)                      maintain and, where feasible, enhance,       educational and cultural facilities and
                                         Cobourg’s social and economic health,        activities to meet the needs of all
                                         including the following components:          residents.
                                         economic vitality, lifestyle choices for     - to support existing businesses and
                                         residents, availability of community         attract new employment
                                         services and facilities, a safe community    - to build and maintain, (as is financially
                                         and general liveability.                     feasible), the physical services needed
                                                                                      for community health, safety and well-
                                                                                      - to ensure changes to the community
                                                                                      promote safety and security through
                                                                                      - to encourage pedestrian, bicycle and
                                                                                      wheelchair accessibility
                                                                                      - to ensure soil quality of development
                                                                                      sites is suitable to proposed uses.
Financial Feasibility (No. 2.6)          - all development in Cobourg, including      - to maintain capital and operating costs
                                         hard service infrastructure                  of public development at a level that can
                                         construction/improvements and soft           be financially sustained by the
                                         services must recognize the ability of the   community.
                                         community to finance and support it.
                                         - need to ensure that the scale of growth
                                         economically supports community
                                         facilities and services.

The Official Plan provides further discussion on other recreation-related concerns including:

     •   working towards barrier-free access for all to public buildings and facilities, encouraging the private sector to
         follow suit, and developing a strategy to achieve these objectives through the Cobourg Accessibility
         Committee (Section 5.2.6);

     •   promoting public safety and security and minimizing the potential for crime through the design of public
         buildings and spaces (Section 5.2.5);

     •   developing a link-node system which focuses pedestrian and cycling paths on major destinations such as
         parks, the central core and community facilities (Section 4.2.2).


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