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SUMMARY PROFILE FOR contagious caprine pleuropneumonia

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					SUMMARY PROFILE FOR contagious caprine pleuropneumonia

1    Description [1]
     CCPP is an OIE B list disease caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae (Mccp). Unlike other mycoplasmas
     like M. mycoides LC/capri and M. capricolum which cause sporadic problems in Europe including pneumonias and contagious
     agalactia, Mccp has been absent from Europe for over 80 years but can cause devastating losses particularly in naive goat herds
     as was seen in Eritrea in the mid 1990s when mortality and morbidity rates exceeded 80% and 100% respectively. CCPP is
     characterised by its contagiousness, pulmonary lesions, abundant pleural fluid and fibrin. The exact whereabouts of CCPP
     worldwide is not known because few laboratories are able to culture and identify this remarkably fastidious organism. It has
     recently been detected in the Thace (European) region of Turkey several kilometres from the Greek Border but is endemic in Asian
     Turkey and parts of North Africa

2    Rationale for Government Intervention
     2.1 Protection of Human Health [2]
     No reports of human infection by this mycoplasma
     2.2 Society [3]
     Effects would be restricted to a small number of goat herds
     2.3 Trade [4]
     Minimal with movement restrictions limited to affected herds
     2.4 Welfare [5]
     Mortality and morbidity rates are very high in naive herds with major welfare impacts

3    Legislative Overview [65]
     CCPP, an OIE list B disease, is a highly contagious disease

4    Geographic Distribution [132]
     The disease has not been reported in the UK. The disease is found in Turkey including Thrace, Parts of Middle East, East and
     North Africa

5    Risk of introduction / spread
     (at present, need to enter an assessment which is intended to be part of section 13)
6    Human health implications [61]
     The disease is not zoonotic.

7    GB Disease control strategy [134]
     Slaughter of affected and contact animals

8    Current Surveillance
     Scanning surveillance for CCPP-unusual and high mortality due to acute respiratory disease would alert farmer who would contact
     private veterinary surgeon. Investigation of suspect cases to determine cause and to differentiate between CCPP and other
     mycoplasma diseases and pasteurellosis.

9    Costs
     No information available.

10    Stakeholder Impact [40]
     Goat husbandry is a relatively small and self contained part of the livestock industry with less than 90,000 animals scattered
     throughout the UK. There are concentrations in the West Country and North Yorkshire but herds sizes are small. An outbreak of
     CCPP caused by the importation of an affected animal(s) would have a major impact on affected herd and possibly neighbouring
     in contact herds but is unlikely to spread far because of the nature of the organism/disease Any ban on movements imposed on
     the herd would be local and is unlikely to have any affect internationally. Any animals in the herd surviving an outbreak should
     (would) be killed

11   Compensation
     No compensation is payable.




For further information contact vetsurveillance@defra.gsi.gov.uk                                           Summary profile template v1.1
SUMMARY PROFILE FOR

VETERINARY AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INFORMATION

 Source Data
 (include most important sources of further info from section 22)
 NICHOLAS, R A J (2003) Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia. Advances in Goat Diseases. M. Tempesta
 Ed IVIS, Ithaca. International Veterinary Information Service, www.ivis.org



LEGISLATIVE AND ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

 Source Data
 Include parent directives inc web address as well as domestic legislation – see section 5)




For further information contact vetsurveillance@defra.gsi.gov.uk                                Summary profile template v1.1

				
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posted:2/21/2011
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