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11773 - Drunk Driving

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					                                     2009
State of    www.centurycouncil.org




Drunk Driving
Fatalities in America
Chairman
The Honorable Susan Molinari


Board of Directors
Bacardi U.S.A., Inc.
Beam Global Spirits and Wine, Inc.
Brown-Forman
Constellation Brands, Inc.
DIAGEO
Hood River Distillers, Inc.
Pernod Ricard USA
Sidney Frank Importing Co., Inc.


Advisory Board
The Honorable Michael R. Fields
Judge, Harris County Criminal Court
Number 14

Patrick B. Harr, M.D.
Former Chairman of the Board,
American Academy of Family Physicians

The Honorable Heidi Heitkamp
Former North Dakota Attorney General

Dan Gwadosky
Chairman, National Alcohol Beverage
Control Association (NABCA)

Lisa Graham Keegan
Keegan Company, Former Superintendent
of Public Instruction State of Arizona

Robert L. King, J.D.
President, Kentucky Council on
Post Secondary Education

Colonel Lonnie J. Westphal
Chief (Ret.) Colorado State Patrol,
Former Vice President of IACP

Anthony Wolf, Ph.D.
Clinical Psychologist and Best Selling Author
                                  The Century Council                        2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America       1



Overview

The Century Council was founded in 1991 and is an independent, national not-for-profit organization headquartered in Arlington,
Virginia. Funded by America’s leading distillers – Bacardi U.S.A., Inc.; Beam Global Spirits and Wine, Inc.; Brown-Forman;
Constellation Brands, Inc.; DIAGEO; Hood River Distillers, Inc.; Pernod Ricard USA; and Sidney Frank Importing Co., Inc. – the
Council is dedicated to developing and implementing innovative programs and public awareness campaigns that fight drunk
driving and underage drinking. An independent Advisory Board of distinguished leaders in business, government, education,
law enforcement, medicine, and other relevant disciplines assists the Council and its members in its efforts.


Since The Century Council’s inception, we have been a leader in the fight to eliminate drunk driving and underage drinking and
promoting responsible decision making regarding beverage alcohol. Our funding companies have demonstrated their support
of the Council’s mission by investing nearly $200 million dollars in programs, research and initiatives to fight drunk driving and
underage drinking – two of society’s top safety concerns. Over this period of time alcohol-impaired driving fatalities have
declined 32 percent nationally, and 52% among those under 21. Furthermore, we estimate nearly 100,000 lives have been
saved on our nation’s roads in part due to the role The Century Council has played during this time.


The Century Council believes collective action has a greater impact than individual efforts, and works to involve all sectors of
the community including law enforcement, judges, public officials, educators, insurers, health care professionals, government
agencies, and advocacy organizations, in this important fight to advance policies and programs to help eliminate drunk driving.
While 2009 saw a record breaking decline in alcohol-impaired driving fatalities our work remains unfinished. The average BAC
level recorded among drinking drivers in fatal crashes remains at .16, twice the legal limit. Additionally, six out of ten of the
alcohol-involved driving fatalities on our roads involved a hardcore drunk driver, who had a BAC level of .15 or higher.


I hope the information provided here not only highlights The Century Council’s leadership role in the fight to eliminate drunk
driving and underage drinking, but will also serve as a useful resource to those interested in this effort. To find out more about
The Century Council’s programs and initiatives to fight drunk driving and underage drinking, or for copies of our latest research,
please visit our website at www.centurycouncil.org.




Susan Molinari
Chairman
The Century Council
2345 Crystal Drive, Suite 910
Arlington, Virginia 22202
Phone 202-637-0077
Fax 202-637-0079
www.centurycouncil.org
2   2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America             The Century Council



    Terminology

    ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED FATALITY
        Drivers in all 50 states and D.C. are considered to be alcohol-impaired if their blood alcohol concentration
        (BAC) is .08 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or higher. Any fatality occurring in a crash involving at least one
        driver, or motorcycle operator, with a BAC of .08 or higher is considered to be an alcohol-impaired driving
        fatality. The term alcohol-impaired does not indicate that a crash or a fatality was the result of alcohol
        impairment. In producing national and state alcohol-impaired statistics, the National Highway Traffic
        Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates the extent of alcohol involvement when alcohol test results
        are unknown.


    ALCOHOL-INVOLVED FATALITY
        Alcohol-involved fatalities are those where at least one driver, or motorcycle operator, has a positive BAC
        of .01 or higher. In producing national and state alcohol-involved statistics, NHTSA estimates the extent
        of alcohol involvement when alcohol test results are unknown.


    BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION (BAC)
        BAC is measured in grams of alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood. A BAC of .01 indicates .01 grams of
        alcohol per 100 milliliters of blood. As of July 2004, all 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted
        legislation establishing a driver with a BAC of .08 to be legally intoxicated. Additionally, 42 states and the
        District of Columbia have laws and penalties for those who drive with elevated or “high” BAC levels.


    HARDCORE DRUNK DRIVERS
        Hardcore drunk drivers, those who drive with a high BAC of .15 or above, do so repeatedly, as demonstrated
        by having more than one drunk driving arrest, and are highly resistant to changing their behavior despite
        previous sanctions, treatment, or education efforts.


    RATES PER 100,000 POPULATION
        The rate of alcohol-impaired fatalities per 100,000 population is the number of alcohol-impaired fatalities
        for every 100,000 persons in the population being measured. For example, an alcohol-impaired fatality rate
        of 3.5 per 100,000 population nationally means that for every 100,000 people in the nation, there were
        approximately four alcohol-impaired fatalities.


    REPEAT OFFENDERS
        The NHTSA/FARS data records prior driving records (convictions only, not violations) for driving while
        intoxicated events occurring within three years of the date of the crash. The same driver can have one or
        more of these convictions during this three year period. Drivers who have a prior conviction in this three
        year period are reported as repeat offenders.
                                  The Century Council                        2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America        3



Foreword

The Century Council is pleased to present its annual summary of the State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America for 2009.
This synopsis includes graphs that summarize the latest available alcohol-impaired traffic fatality statistics in the U.S. detailed
state-by-state as well as more than 20 years of trend data. The report also highlights hardcore drunk driver statistics and the
impact these offenders continue to have on our roads according to data collected by the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA).

While vehicle miles traveled in 2009 increased over 2008 levels, the lowest number of driving fatalities in more than a half
century was recorded, too. In 2009, 33,808 people died in crashes on our nation’s roadways – a decrease of almost ten percent
from 37,423 in 2008. Forty-one states and the District of Columbia had reductions in the number of driving fatalities.

In 2009, 10,839 people were killed in motor vehicle crashes involving a driver with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of
.08 or higher – an average of one fatality every 50 minutes. Alcohol-impaired driving fatalities decreased nearly ten percent
from 11,711 in 2008, and even more significantly, declined 49 percent from a high of 21,113 in 1982, when NHTSA first began
keeping these statistics. Among those under 21 years of age, 1,398 people were killed in alcohol-impaired driving fatalities,
down seven percent from 1,492 in 2008, and 73 percent from the record high of 5,215 in 1982. Alcohol-impaired driving
fatalities accounted for 32 percent of all fatal crashes last year.

Similarly, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities per 100,000 population have been declining in the U.S. and among those under 21.
In 2009, the alcohol-impaired driving fatality rate per 100,000 population fell to a historic low of 3.5, a decrease of 62 percent
since 1982. Among those under 21, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities per 100,000 declined 77 percent from 6.9 in 1982 to 1.6
in 2009. The rate of alcohol-impaired fatalities in the U.S. overall and among those under 21 has decreased in all but a handful
of states over the past ten years.

Despite the progress that has been made to make our nation’s roads safer, including legislative and vehicle and occupant safety
enhancements, the impact of hardcore drunk drivers in fatal crashes has not changed. This dangerous segment of the driving
population, the hardcore drunk driver, continues to account for an unequal share of alcohol-impaired driving fatalities each year.
In 2009, 70% of drivers involved in a fatal drunk driving crash had a BAC of .15 or higher; the median BAC level remains twice
the legal limit at .17. While 44% of drivers involved in a fatal motor vehicle crash had a prior DWI conviction and a BAC level
of .15 or higher.

These alarming statistics highlight the fact that no simple solution or single law or one-size-fits-all technology will be solely
effective in stopping these most serious DWI offenders. Hardcore drunk driving remains a behavioral challenge and a top
priority for The Century Council. The Council, along with Harvard Medical School Division on Addictions, The Cambridge Health
Alliance will partner to further search for a new approach to address hardcore drunk driving by developing and testing a
computerized assessment and treatment referral system. The end result will create a new offering for judges, prosecutors
and probation partners to work together to promote strong, consistent sentencing, creative and comprehensive sanctions,
and treatment options that promote behavior changes leading to a lasting reduction of hardcore drunk driver recidivism.

In the meantime, The Century Council will continue its efforts in this important fight to eliminate drunk driving and stands ready
to assist law enforcement, judges, legislators, state and federal government agencies, treatment professionals and advocacy
groups in this life-saving effort.

The information presented in this report is drawn from several databases maintained by government agencies, including the
National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) of NHTSA, which compiles crash data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting
System (FARS), and the U.S. Census Bureau of the U.S. Department of Commerce. This report reflects data from 1982 to the
present utilizing NHTSA’s multiple imputation method for estimating missing information about BAC levels for persons involved
in fatal crashes, thus allowing for improved reporting of alcohol involvement statistics at any BAC level. The U.S. Census
Bureau publishes state resident population estimates which were used in this report.
4          2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                     The Century Council



           2009 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities

           U.S. TOTAL: 10,839

       Alabama                                         280
         Alaska         20
        Arizona                                 219
      Arkansas                            168
      California                                                                                950
      Colorado                            158
   Connecticut                     99
      Delaware               45
             D.C.       10
         Florida                                                                       770
        Georgia                                              331
         Hawaii              52
           Idaho              58
         Illinois                                         319
        Indiana                                 210
            Iowa                   96
        Kansas                           154
      Kentucky                              194
      Louisiana                                          295
          Maine              47
      Maryland                            162
 Massachusetts                     108
      Michigan                                    246
     Minnesota                     108
    Mississippi                                  234
       Missouri                                          300
       Montana                 81
      Nebraska                66
        Nevada                68
New Hampshire            30
   New Jersey                         149
   New Mexico                       114
      New York                                            321
 North Carolina                                                 363
  North Dakota               54
            Ohio                                             324
     Oklahoma                                     235
        Oregon                      115
  Pennsylvania                                                       406
  Rhode Island           34
 South Carolina                                                    377
  South Dakota               53
     Tennessee                                           303
           Texas                                                                                                           1,235
            Utah         40
       Vermont          23
        Virginia                                   243
   Washington                                   206
  West Virginia                     115
     Wisconsin                                  213
      Wyoming                47
                    0                           250                        500   750            1,000                   1,250                   1,500



                                                                                                                       Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10
                                                                                                 Total may not equal the sum of states due to rounding.
                                                                  The Century Council          2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                       5



          2009 Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities

          U.S. TOTAL: 1,398

       Alabama                                              32
         Alaska             3
        Arizona                                   22
      Arkansas                          13
      California                                                                                                              156
      Colorado                             17
   Connecticut                           14
      Delaware              4
             D.C.       1
         Florida                                                                    79
        Georgia                                             32
         Hawaii                          14
           Idaho                    8
         Illinois                                            35
        Indiana                               20
            Iowa                        13
        Kansas                                         28
      Kentucky                               17
      Louisiana                                                   40
          Maine                 6
      Maryland                                         26
 Massachusetts                          12
      Michigan                                         28
     Minnesota                           14
    Mississippi                                                  37
       Missouri                                                    41
       Montana                          13
      Nebraska                      8
        Nevada              5
New Hampshire                7
   New Jersey                                18
   New Mexico                                          28
      New York                                                          45
 North Carolina                                              35
  North Dakota                  7
            Ohio                                                 37
     Oklahoma                                     24
        Oregon                          13
  Pennsylvania                                                   39
  Rhode Island                  7
 South Carolina                                                       43
  South Dakota                           15
     Tennessee                                         26
           Texas                                                                                                                                  185
            Utah            5
       Vermont          2
        Virginia                                            33
   Washington                                          28
  West Virginia                         12
     Wisconsin                                               36
      Wyoming                           11
                    0                                                   50               100                          150                                 200



                                                                                                                                    Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10
                                                                                                              Total may not equal the sum of states due to rounding.
6          2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                               The Century Council


           From 2008 to 2009, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities
           declined nationally and in 33 states.

           PERCENT CHANGE IN ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING
           FATALITIES FROM 2008 TO 2009 BY STATE RANK
        Nevada                -35.8%
New Hampshire                   -33.3%
      Wyoming                        -27.7%
           Idaho                       -25.6%
  Pennsylvania                              -18.6%
            Utah                             -18.4%
        Georgia                              -18.3%
     Minnesota                               -18.2%
        Arizona                                -16.4%
        Oregon                                  -16.1%
 North Carolina                                   -14.2%
      Michigan                                     -13.4%
         Florida                                   -13.2%
      Louisiana                                     -13.0%
        Virginia                                     -12.0%
       Alabama                                        -10.8%
         Illinois                                      -10.4%
      Colorado                                          -10.2%
 Massachusetts                                          -10.0%
       Montana                                          -10.0%
  West Virginia                                            -8.7%
            Ohio                                            -7.7%
      California                                             -7.3%
      New York                                                -7.2%
    Mississippi                                               -6.8%
 South Carolina                                                -5.8%
           Texas                                               -5.7%
         Alaska                                                 -4.8%
       Missouri                                                 -4.5%
     Oklahoma                                                     -2.9%
   New Jersey                                                      -2.0%
      Arkansas                                                      -1.2%
     Tennessee                                                       -1.0%
        Indiana                                                              1.9%
      Delaware                                                               2.3%
     Wisconsin                                                                 3.9%
   Connecticut                                                                 4.2%
      Kentucky                                                                 4.3%
            Iowa                                                                  7.9%
   New Mexico                                                                      8.6%
             D.C.                                                                    11.1%
        Kansas                                                                       11.6%
      Maryland                                                                       11.7%
          Maine                                                                       11.9%
   Washington                                                                         12.6%
  North Dakota                                                                          14.9%
         Hawaii                                                                                 23.8%
      Nebraska                                                                                  24.5%
  Rhode Island                                                                                              47.8%
  South Dakota                                                                                                51.4%
       Vermont                                                                                                                           91.7%

        U.S. Total                                           -7.4%
                     -50.0%                   -25.0%                    0.0%               25.0%          50.0%       50.0%                100.0%

                                                                                                                      Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10
                                         The Century Council                        2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                        7

          Between 2008 and 2009, alcohol-impaired driving fatalities
          among those under 21 decreased nationally and in
          25 states.

          PERCENT CHANGE IN UNDER 21 ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED
          DRIVING FATALITIES FROM 2008 TO 2009 BY STATE RANK
        Nevada                       -54.5%
      Arkansas                         -48.0%
 Massachusetts                          -47.8%
        Indiana                          -44.4%
     Oklahoma                            -44.2%
        Arizona                            -38.9%
      Michigan                             -37.8%
        Georgia                              -33.3%
  West Virginia                              -33.3%
     Tennessee                               -31.6%
 South Carolina                               -29.5%
           Idaho                               -27.3%
         Illinois                              -27.1%
 North Carolina                                -27.1%
        Virginia                                -25.0%
  Pennsylvania                                   -20.4%
         Florida                                  -19.4%
New Hampshire                                       -12.5%
       Alabama                                       -11.1%
     Minnesota                                         -6.7%
      Colorado                                          -5.6%
    Mississippi                                         -5.1%
       Missouri                                         -4.7%
      New York                                           -2.2%
           Texas                                          -0.5%
         Alaska                                                   0.0%
      Nebraska                                                    0.0%
            Ohio                                                  0.0%
        Oregon                                                    0.0%
            Utah                                                  0.0%
      California                                                   4.0%
   New Jersey                                                        12.5%
      Kentucky                                                         21.4%
        Kansas                                                         21.7%
      Louisiana                                                          29.0%
       Montana                                                           30.0%
     Wisconsin                                                             38.5%
  North Dakota                                                             40.0%
          Maine                                                              50.0%
      Maryland                                                                   62.5%
   Washington                                                                            86.7%
             D.C.                                                                           100.0%
   New Mexico                                                                               100.0%
       Vermont                                                                              100.0%
      Wyoming                                                                                    120.0%
  South Dakota                                                                                            150.0%
   Connecticut                                                                                                     180.0%
            Iowa                                                                                                              225.0%
         Hawaii                                                                                                                    250.0%
  Rhode Island                                                                                                                     250.0%
      Delaware                                                                                                                                     300.0%

        U.S. Total                                      -6.3%
                     -150.0%   -100.0%     -50.0%            0.0%        50.0%      100.0%         150.0%          200.0%       250.0%       300.0%


                                                                                                                            Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10
8                      2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                                                                     The Century Council



                       Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities from 1982-2009

                       ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITIES
                       HAVE DECLINED 49% FROM 1982 TO 2009.
     21,113
              20,051
                        19,638


                                          19,554
                                                   18,813
                                                            18,611
                                 18,125




                                                                              17,705
                                                                     17,521


                                                                                       15,827
                                                                                                14,049
                                                                                                         13,739




                                                                                                                                                                                                                     13,582
                                                                                                                                                                                          13,472
                                                                                                                           13,478




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              13,491
                                                                                                                                    13,451
                                                                                                                  13,390




                                                                                                                                                                        13,324
                                                                                                                                                                                 13,290




                                                                                                                                                                                                            13,099
                                                                                                                                                                                                   13,096




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       13,041
                                                                                                                                             12,757


                                                                                                                                                               12,555
                                                                                                                                                      12,546




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                11,711
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         10,839
    1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10



                       ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITIES PER 100,000
                       POPULATION HAVE DECLINED 62% SINCE 1982.
    9.1
              8.6
                        8.3
                                          8.1
                                 7.6               7.8      7.6
                                                                     7.1      7.1

                                                                                       6.3

                                                                                                5.5      5.3      5.1      5.1      5.1
                                                                                                                                             4.8      4.6      4.6      4.7      4.7      4.7                        4.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                   4.5      4.5               4.5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4.3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                3.9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3.5




    1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
                                                                                                                                                                           Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
                                                                The Century Council                                             2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                                                9


                Under 21 Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities
                from 1982-2009

                UNDER 21 ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITIES
                HAVE DECLINED 73% FROM 1982 TO 2009.
5,215
        4,696
                4,497


                                4,293
                                        3,824
                                                3,833
                        3,784




                                                                3,400
                                                        3,349


                                                                        2,905
                                                                                2,375


                                                                                                2,363




                                                                                                                                                 2,265
                                                                                                                2,244
                                                                                        2,246




                                                                                                                                                         2,201
                                                                                                                                         2,188




                                                                                                                                                                 2,198
                                                                                                                        2,163




                                                                                                                                                                         2,142
                                                                                                                                                                                 2,135
                                                                                                                                 2,115
                                                                                                        2,111




                                                                                                                                                                                                 2,027
                                                                                                                                                                                         2,008


                                                                                                                                                                                                         1,872
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1,492
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1,398
1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                   Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10



                AMONG THOSE UNDER 21, ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED
                DRIVING FATALITIES PER 100,000 POPULATION
                DECREASED 77% SINCE 1982.
6.9

        6.2
                6.0
                                5.8

                        5.1             5.1     5.1

                                                        4.5     4.5

                                                                        3.8

                                                                                3.1             3.0
                                                                                        2.9                     2.8
                                                                                                        2.7             2.7      2.6     2.7     2.7     2.6     2.6     2.5     2.5             2.4
                                                                                                                                                                                         2.3             2.2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1.7     1.6




1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
                                                                                                                                                    Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
10                2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America            The Century Council

                  In 24 states and D.C., alcohol-impaired driving fatalities
                  per 100,000 population were at or below the national
                  average of 3.5 deaths per 100,000 population.

                  2009 ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITY RATES BY STATE




            0.0-2.0

            2.1-4.0

            4.1-6.0

            6.1-8.0

               8.1+




     Alabama                       5.9      Illinois                  2.5   Montana                  8.3      Rhode Island                    3.2

     Alaska                        2.9      Indiana                   3.3   Nebraska                 3.7      South Carolina                  8.3

     Arizona                       3.3      Iowa                      3.2   Nevada                   2.6      South Dakota                    6.5

     Arkansas                      5.8      Kansas                    5.5   New Hampshire            2.3      Tennessee                       4.8

     California                    2.6      Kentucky                  4.5   New Jersey               1.7      Texas                           5.0

     Colorado                      3.1      Louisiana                 6.6   New Mexico               5.7      Utah                            1.4

     Connecticut                   2.8      Maine                     3.6   New York                 1.6      Vermont                         3.7

     Delaware                      5.1      Maryland                  2.8   North Carolina           3.9      Virginia                        3.1

     D.C.                          1.7      Massachusetts             1.6   North Dakota             8.3      Washington                      3.1

     Florida                       4.2      Michigan                  2.5   Ohio                     2.8      West Virginia                   6.3

     Georgia                       3.4      Minnesota                 2.1   Oklahoma                 6.4      Wisconsin                       3.8

     Hawaii                        4.0      Mississippi               7.9   Oregon                   3.0      Wyoming                         8.6

     Idaho                         3.8      Missouri                  5.0   Pennsylvania             3.2      U.S. Total                      3.5
                                                                                             Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
                                  The Century Council                2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                   11

             In 30 states and D.C., under 21 alcohol-impaired driving
             fatalities per 100,000 population were at or below the
             national average of 1.6 deaths per 100,000 population.

             2009 UNDER 21 ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING FATALITY
             RATES BY STATE




       0.0-2.0

       2.1-4.0

       4.1-6.0

       6.1-8.0

          8.1+




Alabama              2.4   Illinois                 0.9   Montana                        4.9      Rhode Island                    2.5

Alaska               1.4   Indiana                  1.1   Nebraska                       1.5      South Carolina                  3.4

Arizona              1.1   Iowa                     1.5   Nevada                         0.6      South Dakota                    6.3

Arkansas             1.6   Kansas                   3.4   New Hampshire                  2.0      Tennessee                       1.5

California           1.4   Kentucky                 1.4   New Jersey                     0.8      Texas                           2.3

Colorado             1.2   Louisiana                3.0   New Mexico                     4.7      Utah                            0.5

Connecticut          1.4   Maine                    1.8   New York                       0.9      Vermont                         1.3

Delaware             1.6   Maryland                 1.6   North Carolina                 1.3      Virginia                        1.5

D.C.                 0.7   Massachusetts            0.7   North Dakota                   3.9      Washington                      1.5

Florida              1.7   Michigan                 1.0   Ohio                           1.2      West Virginia                   2.6

Georgia              1.1   Minnesota                0.9   Oklahoma                       2.2      Wisconsin                       2.3

Hawaii               4.1   Mississippi              4.1   Oregon                         1.3      Wyoming                         7.0

Idaho                1.6   Missouri                 2.4   Pennsylvania                   1.2      U.S. Total                      1.6
                                                                                 Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
12          2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                               The Century Council


            Between 1999 and 2009 alcohol-impaired driving fatalities
            per 100,000 population decreased in all but seven states.

            PERCENT CHANGE IN ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING
            FATALITY RATES FROM 1998 TO 2009 BY STATE RANK
             Utah     -53.6%
         Nevada        -53.5%
          Alaska             -47.8%
              D.C.             -45.9%
         Arizona               -45.9%
       Michigan                  -44.4%
            Idaho                   -42.0%
      Minnesota                      -41.7%
      Tennessee                         -38.9%
          Illinois                       -38.5%
       Nebraska                          -38.2%
 New Hampshire                           -38.2%
         Indiana                             -35.0%
        Alabama                                -33.5%
         Georgia                                 -32.1%
    New Mexico                                    -31.9%
             Iowa                                 -31.7%
       Wyoming                                     -31.0%
  Massachusetts                                      -29.3%
     Mississippi                                     -29.2%
         Oregon                                       -28.8%
  North Carolina                                       -28.5%
       Kentucky                                        -28.5%
    New Jersey                                          -27.8%
      Wisconsin                                            -25.7%
             Ohio                                           -25.1%
       Colorado                                              -24.1%
            Texas                                             -23.9%
        Montana                                                -23.6%
   Pennsylvania                                                 -22.7%
    Washington                                                    -21.3%
        Missouri                                                   -21.0%
          Florida                                                    -19.0%
       Louisiana                                                        -17.0%
         Virginia                                                        -15.9%
        Vermont                                                           -15.5%
    Connecticut                                                            -14.5%
   South Dakota                                                                -11.4%
       New York                                                                   -9.7%
       California                                                                   -8.1%
       Arkansas                                                                      -7.9%
   West Virginia                                                                      -7.2%
           Maine                                                                       -6.9%
         Kansas                                                                          -5.2%
       Maryland                                                                                         3.5%
      Oklahoma                                                                                          3.9%
  South Carolina                                                                                         4.3%
   North Dakota                                                                                              8.0%
   Rhode Island                                                                                                        18.5%
       Delaware                                                                                                                    27.7%
          Hawaii                                                                                                                                       44.2%

         U.S. Total                                            -23.3%
                               -50.0%                           -25.0%                           0.0%                      25.0%                         50.0%

                                                                                                             Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
                                        The Century Council                       2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                   13

           With the exception of six states, under 21 alcohol-impaired
           driving fatalities per 100,000 population declined between
           1999 and 2009.

           PERCENT CHANGE IN UNDER 21 ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED DRIVING
           FATALITY RATES FROM 1999 TO 2009 BY STATE RANK
             D.C.              -74.0%
        Nevada                 -72.1%
            Utah                -70.0%
           Idaho                 -68.8%
     Tennessee                    -67.4%
        Arizona                    -63.6%
        Georgia                     -61.8%
 Massachusetts                      -60.9%
         Illinois                   -60.7%
  Pennsylvania                       -59.9%
        Indiana                       -59.3%
 North Carolina                        -56.8%
            Iowa                       -56.8%
  West Virginia                         -54.9%
      Michigan                          -54.6%
         Alaska                         -54.3%
      Nebraska                          -54.0%
      Arkansas                           -53.3%
       Alabama                            -50.9%
            Ohio                           -49.9%
       Missouri                            -48.8%
       Vermont                              -48.1%
   Connecticut                              -47.3%
      Kentucky                              -47.1%
     Minnesota                               -46.2%
           Texas                              -42.1%
     Oklahoma                                  -39.1%
        Oregon                                 -38.5%
         Florida                               -38.4%
    Mississippi                                -38.1%
      Louisiana                                 -37.9%
       Montana                                  -37.2%
   New Jersey                                     -32.8%
  North Dakota                                    -32.6%
 South Carolina                                    -29.7%
      New York                                      -27.8%
      Colorado                                       -26.0%
   Washington                                         -24.0%
          Maine                                        -21.1%
        Virginia                                       -20.3%
      Wyoming                                           -17.4%
   New Mexico                                              -9.4%
      California                                            -7.6%
        Kansas                                               -4.4%
      Maryland                                                -1.5%
     Wisconsin                                                        4.1%
  South Dakota                                                                65.5%
      Delaware                                                                  74.5%
New Hampshire                                                                   75.3%
  Rhode Island                                                                                131.8%
         Hawaii                                                                                                                          1,316.2%

        U.S. Total                          -40.2%
                     -150.0%        -75.0%                       0.0%        -75.0%          150.0%              750.0%             1,350.0%

                                                                                              Data Source: NHTSA/FARS and U.S. Census Bureau, 10/10
14            2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                 The Century Council


              In 2009, 60% of the alcohol-involved driving fatalities
              involved high BAC drivers.

              PERCENT OF 2009 DRIVERS IN ALCOHOL-INVOLVED
              DRIVING FATALITIES BY BAC TEST RESULT

                                                                                                                                                41%




                                                                                                                               10%
                                                                                              9%               9%
                                                                               8%

                                                                  6%
                                                  5%
        4%            4%            4%




     BAC .01-.02   BAC .03-.04   BAC .05-.06   BAC .07-.08    BAC .09-.10   BAC .11-.12    BAC .13-.14     BAC .15-.16      BAC .17-.18        BAC .19+

                                       Known Alcohol Test Results of Drivers Involved in Fatal Traffic Crashes
                                                                                           Data Source: NHTSA/FARS ARF of Drivers with Known BAC, 10/10
                                                                                                 Total may not equal the sum of categories due to rounding.
                                   The Century Council          2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America                  15


           Seven out of ten drivers involved in fatal drunk driving
           crashes are hardcore drunk drivers in 2009.

           HIGH BAC DRIVERS ACCOUNTED FOR 70% OF THE
           ALCOHOL-IMPAIRED FATAL CRASHES.
       Alabama
         Alaska
        Arizona
      Arkansas
      California
      Colorado
   Connecticut
      Delaware
             D.C.
         Florida
        Georgia
         Hawaii
           Idaho
         Illinois
        Indiana
            Iowa
        Kansas
      Kentucky
      Louisiana
          Maine
      Maryland
 Massachusetts
      Michigan
     Minnesota
    Mississippi
       Missouri
       Montana
      Nebraska
        Nevada
New Hampshire
   New Jersey
   New Mexico
      New York
 North Carolina
  North Dakota
            Ohio
     Oklahoma
        Oregon
  Pennsylvania
  Rhode Island
 South Carolina
  South Dakota
     Tennessee
           Texas
            Utah
       Vermont
        Virginia
   Washington
  West Virginia
     Wisconsin
      Wyoming
    U.S. Total
                                                                           Percent of 2009 Alcohol-Impaired Driving
                     % BAC = .08-.14      % BAC .15-.19    % BAC .20+
                                                                                 Fatalities by State and BAC

                0%              20%                  40%                60%                     80%                         100%
                                                                                       Data Source: NHTSA/FARS - 2009 ARF, 10/10
16   2009 State of Drunk Driving Fatalities in America   The Century Council


     Four out of ten drivers involved in fatal crashes with a prior
     DWI* also had a high BAC level at the time of the crash.




     No Prior DWI                                                                                     Prior DWI*
         94%                                                                                              3%

                                                                                                  Unknown
                                                                                                    3%




                              Drivers involved in fatal crashes




                    BAC = .15+ 44%



                 BAC = .08-.14 16%
                 BAC = .01-.07            6%

                      BAC = .00 35%



                                Repeat offenders by BAC level

                                                                                                       Data Source: NHTSA/FARS, 10/10
                                                          *Prior convictions only for events occurring within 3 years from date of crash.
                                                                             Total may not equal the sum of categories due to rounding.
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