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Dimensions of Urdu Poetry

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					鈥淓 very age has its own poetry; in every age the circumstances of history choose a
nation, a race, a class to take up the torch by creating situations that can be expressed
or transcended only through poetry. 鈥?
  Jean-Paul Sartre
  Urduis a centuries old language. The soldiers invented it yet it has a royal touch, for
the royals took special interest in developing it. Experiencing the different dimensions
of Urdu poetry is a phenomenal experience, for it is so rich in culture, diction, ideas,
and expression.
  This article explores five significant dimensions of the Urdu poetry.
  1. Love and romance
  No language or its literature can survive with the sweet love stories. Without
romance, love, sensitivity, and fantasy, life would become too dull to live. When it
comes to Urdu poetry, the love ballads are narrated at their best. Some famous
romantic Urdu poets are Akhtar Shirani, Sager Siddique, and Ahmed Faraz.
  Some early Urdu poets also wrote about stubborn, unconvinced lovers. Such poets
include Mir Taqi Mir, Hasrat Mohani, and Mir Dard.
  2.Social Issues
  Many sensitive individuals highlighted several different poignant social issues
through their poetry. These geniuses include Allama Iqbal, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Habib
Jalib, Sahir Ludhyanwi and many others. These poets used their poetry to condemn
dictatorship, the Fall of Dhaka, and the injustice in the society.
  For example, a verse of Allama Iqbal says,
  鈥淛 is khet se kisan ko mayasir ho na rozi
  Us khet k her khosa e gandum ko jala do 鈥?/i>
  3. Fight for freedom
  The fight for freedom too was fueled by the Urdu poetry. Along with many others,
Allama Iqbal played a great role in it. It is no wonder that he is the national poet of
Pakistan. Allama Iqbal was famous for he made the Muslims realize their lost glory
and to fight against the outsiders in their land.
  4. Religion
  Urdu poetry has a specific form called Marsia. A Marsia is a poem to express grief
on the martyrdom of Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A), his disciples and his family. Mir
Anees was one of the most famous Marsia writers. Other than the Marsia, Urdu poetry
is also defined by a vast collection of Hamd and Naat.
  Other than this, many poets tried their best to highlight the aspects of incorporating
religion into life through their poetry.
  5. Ethics and morals
  Many Urdu poets put a strong emphasis on the ethical values and morals among the
humanity. Akbar Illahbadi and Maulana Hali are two prominent poets of this domain.
Another one is none other than Allama Iqbal. For example, Allama Iqbal once said,
  鈥?/em> Sabaq phir parh sadaqat ka, adalat ka, shujahat ka
  Liya jay ga tuj sey kaam duniya ki immamat ka 鈥?
  There are many other verses in the Urdu poetry in which truthfulness, honesty,
courage and lawfulness is stressed.
  The above-mentioned five dimensions of the Urdu poetry have shaped it to what it is
today. It can be safely stated that Urdu poetry is standing on strong foundations today.
If the poets of today are as brilliant as yesterday, nothing can stop Urdu from
flourishing.

				
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posted:2/20/2011
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