Development of Urdu language by hkksew3563rd


									Urdu is one of the most widely spoken languages in the Indian subcontinent. Other
than that, communities all over the world speak it. In total almost 4 million people,
speak the Urdu language.
 Several factors lead to the development of Urdu language. The four most important
of all the factors are given below.
 1. Development of Urdu by speaking
 The Urdu language was developed among the soldiers of the British Army who
belonged to different nations. The word 鈥?Urdu 鈥?/b> itself means 鈥楢 rmy 鈥?
To communicate with each other fluently, these soldiers used to speak in an amalgam
of Persian, Arabic and Turkish languages.
 However, very soon the language reached to the Royal courts. Actually, the language
was easier than the Persian language. So the Royals also liked it. In those times,
speaking Urdu became one of the trendiest things. Soon the Hindu population too
started to speak it, by including many Sanskrit words to the language.
 2. Development of Urdu through poetry
 The Royals of the Indian subcontinent were very interested in the poetry. Amir
Khusro was the first man who attempted Urdu poetry in the 13 th century. It was a
huge success. However, for another century no one prominent dared to experiment in
Urdu poetry. In the 18th and 19th century, poets gave a major boost to the Urdu poetry.
The royals too appreciated it in every way. They used to hold Mushairas in their
courts and used to pay monthly stipends to the poets. Other than that, they used to
bestow valuables upon their favorite poets.
 3. Development of Urdu through prose
 Unlike the Urdu poetry, Urdu short story or novel did not become a trend. The major
reason is that the Royals were never interested in the reading. However, after the
decline of Mughals and in the era of the British, a very intelligent man attempted to
write an Urdu novel. The name of the man was Deputy Nazir Ahmed and the name of
the novel is Mirat ul Uroos. Despite the fact that it was the first novel of Urdu, the
novel became a huge success. Even today the novel is popular and in demand. In fact,
Deputy Nazir Ahmed can be called the first and the most prestigious institution of the
Urdu novel.
 4. Development of Urdu through journalism
 The Urdu journalism was late to pick up as compared to the Urdu poetry. However,
as compared to the Urdu novel it picked up quite soon. In fact, when the atrocities of
the British rose gradually, many prominent Hindus and Muslims took notice. So they
started monthly, bimonthly, and weekly digest with focus on the current affairs and
political satires.
 Those magazines also had a dose of the ethics and the morals to be introduced
among the Muslims and the Hindus both. It is needless to say that even the starting of
the Urdu journalism contributed a lot to the mental awakening of the people of the
 In fact, if it were not for the Urdu poetry, prose and journalism, the people of
subcontinent might not had realized their worth and fought to drive the British out of
the subcontinent.

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