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BEDFORDSHIRE POLICE POLICY ROAD TRAFFIC COLLISIONS

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                         BEDFORDSHIRE POLICE POLICY
                         ROAD TRAFFIC COLLISIONS

REFERENCE NUMBER                      : 8161
RELATES TO PROCEDURE NO               : n/a

NEW or REVISED POLICY                 : Revised
     Revises Policy Titled            : n/a
     Revision History                 : November 1998, November 2003, September 2005,
                                        January 2007

POLICY OWNER (Dept)                   : CAU/Operational Support (Road Policing Unit)
POLICY AUTHOR (Job Title)             : Sgt RTU/Office Manager CAU

IMPLEMENTATION DATE                   : July 1994
REVIEW DATE                           : January 2009


POLICY OBJECTIVE

To clarify the systems for the recording and investigation of Road Traffic Collisions.


POLICY STATEMENT

1.   Reportable Collisions
1.1. Under the Road Traffic Act 1988 certain persons involved in Road Traffic Collisions are
     legally required to report the collision to the Police.

2.   Reported Collisions requiring Form MG NCRF/A
2.1. All reported Road Traffic Collisions involving injury on a road or public place will be recorded
     using a form MG NCRF/A even if there is no legal requirement to report the collision.
     (i.e. where details including insurance were exchanged at the scene)
2.2. All reported Road Traffic Collisions on a road or public place where Section 170 Road Traffic
     Act 1988 has not been complied with in relation to one or more of the parties.
     (i.e. fail to stops)

3.    Reported Collisions not requiring Form MG NCRF/A
3.1. All reported Road Traffic Collisions that do not require a form MG NCRF/A to be
      completed must be recorded either in the officer’s pocket notebook or the divisional
      occurrence book.
3.2. These will include Road Traffic Collision in the following circumstances:-.
3.2.1. Where the collision is non-injury and an offence has been committed and in the opinion
       of the investigating Officer they consider that the offence was NOT a contributory factor
       to the cause of the collision. (i.e. No Insurance/No MOT/No Driving Licence)
3.2.2. Where the collision is non-injury and in the opinion of the investigating officer, no
       offences have been committed or prosecution contemplated.




                                                                                                 Form 20/8161
                                                                                         Revised February 2005
                                         Not Protectively Marked
                                        Not Protectively Marked


4.   RAC Collision Care Pack
4.1. An RAC Collision Care Pack will be issued to each person involved or to any person who may
     have a lawful interest in any Road Traffic Collision which the Police attend.
4.2. Where a Road Traffic Collision involving non-injury is reported and is not recorded, each
     person involved or any person who may have a lawful interest in the collision will be issued
     with a RAC Collision Care Pack at the time.

5.   Road or Public Place
5.1. A road or public place to which the public have access at the material time whether on
     payment or otherwise will also include the following:
     a)     Any footway.
     b)     Private road to which the public have access either by right or tolerance.
     c)     Bridle paths and country tracks where motor vehicles are lawfully allowed to use.
     d)     Pedestrian Precincts.
     e)     Car parks or similar locations.

6.   Injury
6.1. An injury Road Traffic Collision will also include where the injury is sustained in the following
     circumstances:
     a)       Collisions involving a PCV and the injury is sustained by either:-
              i)      persons boarding or alighting the PCV
              ii)     any passenger on a PCV
     b)       Persons repairing a vehicle on the road to which the public have access.
     c)       Collisions where the injury is sustained by persons off the highway.
     d)       Collisions where the injury is sustained by a person falling off a vehicle.
     e)       Collisions resulting from deliberate acts of violence, but excluding those which are
              subsequently identified as suicides.

7.   Breath Tests
7.1. Where an Officer attends any Road Traffic Collision, the drivers of all motor vehicles
     involved will be breathalysed unless there are justifiable reasons for not doing so. (i.e.
     driver medically unable. Officer should consider hospital procedures where appropriate)
7.2. Breath tests will be given regardless of whether or not the Road Traffic Collision is
     subsequently recorded.
7.3. The relevant breath test statistical forms must be completed in all cases (eg Crimsec,
     Form 619).

8.   OIS Incident
8.1. Whenever a Road Traffic Collision is reported or comes to the attention of the Police and
     the vehicle(s) or parties involved are still at the scene, an incident will be created on the
     OIS.
8.2. Where the report of a collision is being made retrospectively an incident will not be
     created on the OIS.
9.   Police Attendance
9.1. The Call Handling Centre will despatch an appropriate Police patrol unit to any Road
     Traffic Collision as in 8.1 above in the following cases:
     a)     Where any injury is involved.
     b)     Where the road is blocked or partially blocked by either vehicles/debris, or other
            object or substance which is likely to cause a danger to any road users.
     c)     Where it is suspected that any contributory offence has been committed.
     d)     Where it is suspected that for reasons of road safety the Police attendance is
            required to assist to clear the scene or assist other agencies to do so (eg recovery
            of vehicles).
     e)     Where it is suspected that for reasons of road safety the Police attendance is
            required to prevent the further escalation of the incident.

                                                                                            Form 20/8161
                                                                                    Revised February 2005
                                        Not Protectively Marked
                                        Not Protectively Marked


     f)     All Road Traffic Collisions on the M1 Motorway.

10. Collisions Involving Animals
10.1. Where the Road Traffic Collision involves an animal as defined within the Road Traffic
      Act, it will be dealt with as if it was a non-injury collision as described in paragraphs 3.0
      above.

11. Fatal Collisions
11.1. All Fatal Road Traffic Collisions will be investigated by Officers from the Operational
      Support (Road Policing Unit) Division, Collision Investigation Unit.
11.2. A Senior Investigating Officer (SIO) will be appointed to be responsible for the
      investigation.
11.3. The Divisional Commander, Operational Support (Road Policing Unit) Division, will be
      responsible for the supervision and submission of all Fatal Road Traffic Collision files.

12. Collision Investigation
12.1. Operational Support (Road Policing Unit) Division Officers trained in Collision
      Investigation techniques should attend the scene of Road Traffic Collisions in the following
      cases (paragraphs 12.2 to 12.5).
12.2. Where fatal or possible fatal injuries are involved.
12.3. Where life changing injuries have been sustained.
12.4. Where serious injuries have been sustained by:
      a)       Children under 8 years - defined as serious injuries to head or chest.
      b)       Persons over 65 years - serious injury to include broken limbs.
1.5.12.5.      Police Vehicle Collisions involving serious injury.                                           Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
12.6. Officers trained to ‘Advanced’ level should be used where a charge of Death by
      Dangerous Driving is likely.

13. Vehicle Examinations
13.1. All vehicles involved in Road Traffic Collisions should undergo an examination in the
      following cases:
13.2. Where fatal or possible fatal injuries are involved.
13.3. Where life changing injuries have been sustained by any person involved.
13.4. Police Vehicle Collisions involving serious injury.

14. Collision Recording
14.1. All injury collision reports must be forwarded to the Collision Recording Administrator who
      will forward the report onto the Collision Administration Unit.
14.2. All non-injury collision reports must be forwarded directly to the Collision Administration
      Unit.
14.3. The Officer in the Case must submit the report to their first line supervisor before the
      officer goes off duty.
14.4. First line supervisors must forward the report to the Collision Recording Administrator or
      Collision Administration Unit within 24 hours.

15. Police Vehicle Collisions
15.1 There is a separate policy governing these, which should be referred to prior to taking any
     action following the collision.

16.1. Locations
16.2. All collision locations must be accurately recorded using road numbers, names and
      distances to the nearest junction.




                                                                                             Form 20/8161
                                                                                     Revised February 2005
                                         Not Protectively Marked
                                        Not Protectively Marked


17. Final Submission
17.1. MG NCRF/A collision reports must be signed off by a supervisor prior to the final
      submission.

18. Scene Safety
18.1. Where a danger exists to the public as a result of a Road Traffic Collision, road spillage or
      other similar occurrence the Police are to remain at the scene to safeguard it until it is
      made safe by the appropriate authority.

19. Stolen Vehicles
19.1. Where a stolen vehicle is involved in a Road Traffic Collision any third party may request
      insurance details of the owner of the stolen vehicle.
19.2. The Police have no lawful authority to obtain these details and any request to obtain them
      should be refused.
19.3. If the insurance details are known they may be provided to any third party.

20. Notification – Highways Agency
20.1. The SIO / Roads Policing Inspector will be responsible for ensuring that the Highways
      Agency are notified as soon as possible of any major Road Traffic Collision on the
      Motorway or trunk roads which falls under the following criteria:
20.2. The following should always be reported:-
      a)     Multiple collisions involving at least 5 fatalities, 20 serious injuries, or 30 or more
              vehicles.
      b)     Collisions involving crossover of a vehicle from one carriageway to another
              resulting in fatal or serious injuries.
      c)     Collisions involving passenger coaches or other passenger carrying vehicles
              resulting in fatal or serious injuries.
      d)     Fatal collisions where death results from fire.
      e)     Any serious collision involving a vehicle carrying dangerous substance. (eg
              hazardous chemicals, inflammable liquids such as petrol, radioactive materials).
      f)     Any fatal collision on Motorways where major roadworks are being carried out.
      g)     Collisions on Motorways and trunk roads resulting in serious structural damage, eg
              to a bridge necessitating road closures.
      h)     Collisions on Motorways and trunk roads resulting in particularly significant
              disruption likely to attract media interest.
16.3.20.3.      The Highways Agency should also be informed of any incident in which it may be                Formatted: Bullets and Numbering
      necessary to brief ministers because they provoke considerable media attention, eg
      a)        because of those involved.
      b)        because they are visually spectacular.
      c)        in these instances the Agency may further seek the supply of information about
                these incidents in the same report format as that set out in 19 above.

21. Initial - Notification
21.1. Initial notification to the Highways Agency may be by telephone and must include the
      following:
      a)        Date and time of collision.
      b)        Location.
      c)        Type of collision.
      d)        Weather and road conditions.
      e)        Estimated number of vehicles and casualties.
      f)        Any involvement of PCV’s.
      g)        Any roadworks at or near the location.




                                                                                              Form 20/8161
                                                                                      Revised February 2005
                                         Not Protectively Marked
                                        Not Protectively Marked


22. Fax
22.1. A pre-formatted message available on the OIS System must be completed, printed and
      faxed to the Highways Agency.
22.2. Telephone reports must be followed by a faxed message as soon as possible.

23. Road Closures
23.1. Any prolonged road closure of any Motorway or trunk road as a result of a Road Traffic
      Collision should be notified to the relevant Highway Agency as soon as possible.

24. Form 445
24.1. A Form 445 must be completed in ALL cases where the Road Traffic Collision involves
      damage to street furniture, or the Highways Authority attend, for any purpose.
22.2 A Form 445 must be completed in ALL cases where, as a result of any investigation of a Road
      Traffic Collision, road safety or traffic management issues are identified.



ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTATION/LEGISLATION

None




FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT ASSESSMENT

This policy is suitable for access by the General Public

Paragraph:
Exemption:

Freedom of Information Officer Signature     : V Barham




RATIFICATION BY STRATEGY BOARD/HRMG/DCOG

SENIOR COMMANDER SIGNATURE                   :
DATE                                         : 30 March 2006




                                                                                       Form 20/8161
                                                                               Revised February 2005
                                         Not Protectively Marked

				
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