Marovo Mangrove Species Benefits and uses Marovo Mangrove Species

					                               Marovo Mangrove Species                                        Benefits and uses                                                                               Marovo Mangrove Species                                               Benefits and uses
Kubuku/Velevele (Mbuo)                 Velevele (Heva)                          Petu Bakubakua/Tototu       Vori Vua                                         Vorusu                                 Tui                                       Ototo                               Babaheva
Spiny Holly Mangrove                   White-flowered Holly Mangrove            Grey Mangrove                              Mangrove Fern                     Rib-fruited Yellow Mangrove            Trumpet Mangrove                          Milky Mangrove                         Keeled-Pod Mangrove
Acanthus ilicifolius                   A.ebracteatus subsp. ebracteatus         Avicennia marina                           Acrostichum speciosum             Ceriops tagal                          Dolichandrone spathacea                   Excoecaria agallocha                   Heritiera littoralis

                                                                                Lagoon location
                                                                                This species has bark that peels off,
                                                                                like diseased human skin (Bakua =                                            Lagoon location                        Upstream river estuary location           Lagoon and barrier location
                                                                                ringworm). It’s branches and roots                                           The timber is popular because it       The timber grows back quickly after       The name means ‘of much sap’ and
                                                                                grow in all directions and hang down                                         is hard and burns hot and long         being cut. The wood is used for           this is harmful to people’s eyes.
                                                                                                                           Upstream river estuary location   in cooking fires. It also makes        various canoe parts, and sometimes        Even smoke from burning wood
River estuary location                                                          over the water, and break easily. It                                                                                                                                                                 River and lagoon location
Shaped like a small trigger fish,                                               is an uncommon tree with distinctive                                         good poles for house materials.        for carving.                              may cause sore eyes. Dead wood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The timber used in construction and
this mangrove has purple flowers                                                breathing roots. The breathing roots                                         It is particularly good for the hard                                             without sap is very good for slow-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     decorative wood carving. The wood
and shiny dark leaves with sharp       Lagoon location                          are used to make fishing-line floats,                                        sharpened sticks that are used for                                               burning fire-sticks that are carried
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     is very strong when dry, and is used
pointed edges. Crocodiles often rest   Similar to A. ilicifolius, less spiny.   and their emergent tops may be                                               husking coconuts. The fruits are                                                 around, and for fuel for cooking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     also for planks, spear shafts, and
under Kubuku                                                                    used as bottle corks. The trunks are                                         edible. Birds nest and sleep in the                                              fires. Leaves and foliage are used
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the reinforced stern pieces that hold
shrubs waiting for                                                              sometimes used to make dugout                                                branches and eat the fruits.                                                     as a medicinal for stonefish stings.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     outboard motors of large dugout
food to come. In                                                                canoes. Children use the bean-like                                                                                                                            The puncture wound (after the spine
Roviana, Kubuku                                                                 fruits as toys.                                                                                                                                               has been extracted!) is held over
is a custom leaf.                                                                                                                                                                                                                             the smoke of burning/smoldering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              leaves. The milky sap may also be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              pushed into the wound to speed up

                                       Petu                                     Petu Ta Ngo                                                                  Pipili                                 Hinage                                    Ngirasa                                Petu Batubatu/ Tinoni
River Mangrove                         Reflexed Orange Mangrove                 Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove               Wrinkle-Pod Mangrove              Red-flowered Black Mangrove            Mangrove Palm                             Reef Barrier Mangrove                  Corky Stilt Mangrove
Aegiceras corniculatum                 Bruguiera cylindrica                     Bruguiera gymnorhiza                       Cynometra species                 Lumnitzera littorea                    Nypa fruticans                            Pemphis acidula                        Rhizophora apiculata

                                       Lagoon location                          River estuary and lagoon location          River estuary location            Lagoon location The timber is          Upstream river estuary location           Barrier location                       River estuary and lagoon location
                                       The timber is used for house poles       Fruit is the principle benefit (specifi-                                     used in construction. It is favoured   The foliage is used for thatch, chiefly   This plant has very hard, heavy and
                                       because the stems are slender, very      cally referring to the cigar-shaped                                          as central support poles in leaf       for walls of leaf houses. Roof thatch     tough wood. It is used for a great
                                       straight and strong.                     propagule). This is prepared, grated                                         houses in the tidal zone. It is also   is often another palm – the sago.         number of special tools including
                                                                                and washed (to remove tannins),                                              used as jetty posts. It is known                                                 mortar pestles, sharpened sticks for
                                                                                cooked with coconut, and served                                              locally as a hardy and resistant                                                 husking coconuts and weapons.
                                                                                with tuna as a stew or pudding.                                              timber. The trunks are straight
Barrier location                                                                                                                                             growing and the wood is resistant
Rare in Marovo.                                                                                                                                              to saltwater. The wood is also good
Flowers abundant with nectar are                                                                                                                             for spear shafts, canoe masts, sawn
attractive to honey bees. Useful                                                                                                                             planks and other house materials.
elsewhere for production of
mangrove honey.

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