Mesothelioma – Symptoms, Diagnonis and Treatment A report released by the U.S. government reveals that 70% to 80% of all mesothelioma cases occur in people with a history tracing the exposure to asbestos. These figures come from epidemiological studies. It is a good chance that most of the remaining cases, mesothelioma due to asbestos, but the patient could not identify exactly where and when exposure to asbestos fibers occurred. Mesothelioma is a cancer very difficult. Most patients undergo surgery and chemotherapy. Sometimes radiotherapy is used, including innovative techniques such as intensity modulated radiotherapy and tomotherapy. Oncologists use radiation brachytherapy for the targeted tumor. The antifolate drug pemetrexed (Alimta) in combination with cisplatin has been adopted by many scholars of mesothelioma. The median survival, even with good medical care is very low. Effusions into body cavities is a common symptom. The chest or pleural space, receives revelation and peritoneum (abdominal) cavity, depending on the location and shape of the tumor. Is classified as pleural mesothelioma (the most common type) or the peritoneum, depending on the location of the disease. (There are other types, but pleural and peritoneal are the most common.) To diagnose mesothelioma, the doctor takes a sample, usually from pleural fluid and a biopsy in a laboratory. Immunohistochemical markers are used in the biopsy to distinguish mesothelioma from adenocarcinoma. These markers are generally glycoproteins. Other markers can be detected in the blood to help identify mesothelioma. Mesothelin related (SMR) proteins released by cells of mesothelioma are distinctive enough to be seen in the blood, as the appropriate test. However, definitive diagnosis still requires a laboratory for biopsy. And testing of gene therapy and immunotherapy of mesothelioma cases are sometimes made, but the standard terms of cancer treatment of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy remain the most widely used techniques in the treatment of mesothelioma.
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