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					Linking U.S.-Russian Science,
Education, Research & Development
with High Performance Networking


       Natasha Bulashova, Friends and Partners Foundation
               Greg Cole, University of Tennessee
               Joe Gipson, University of Tennessee

NSF HIGH PERFORMANCE INTERNATIONAL INTERNET SERVICES PROGRAM
MIRnet
•   NSF Cooperative Agreement (ANI-
    9730330) to the University of
    Tennessee with matching funds from
    Russian Ministry of Science and
    Technology to Russian partners
•   A 6 Mbps IP/ATM service between
    STAR TAP in Chicago and the M9
    switch in Moscow for purpose of
    linking high performance science and
    education networks in US and Russia
•   A program to encourage applications
    of high performance networking for
    US-Russian scientific collaboration
•   Network running reliably since July,
    1999


Intro    Statistics    Engineering     Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Introduction

•   Connectivity
•   Peering
•   Management
•   Project Development




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Connectivity

•   6 Mbps IP/ATM Service
•   U.S. Terminates at STAR TAP in Chicago
•   Russia Terminates at M9 switch in Moscow
•   US/Transatlantic transport - Teleglobe
•   Russian transport - RASCOM




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Network Topology




                          NAP in Chicago is represented with router and
                          ATM switch connected to STAR TAP

                          NAP in Moscow is represented with router and
                          ATM switch connected to Internet Exchange in
                          M9 which is managed by Russian Institute of
                          Public Networks.




Intro   Statistics   Engineering              Outreach                    Impact   Funding   Future
                                   are im seethis
                                   Q raphicse™ pressor
                                     uickT decom
                                   G neededtoanda picture.

                                                       IL 6) th 04)
                                                      M (95 O er (4
U.S. Users                                OA ,9
                                         N A(2 41)


• Traffic to U.S.                   A    ,234
                                   N SA(3 )

    – 93% educational                                                                  O
                                                                                      D E (15,533)

    – 7% .gov/.mil                     IH
                                      N (4,606)


                                   are im Government agency use of MIRnet (megabytes
                                   Q uickT e™ pressor
                                   G neededtoanda picture.
                                            decom
                                     raphicsUS seethis
                                         transferred since July, 2000)

                                                  M (8,99
                                                   IL    3)        USGS(2,886)
                                          OA
                                         N A(1,668)
• Traffic from U.S.                                                                    O     ,0 )
                                                                                      D E (43 93
    – 92% educational
    – 8% .gov/.mil                  A    9,63
                                   N SA(3 2)




                                                                          IH
                                                                         N (29,038)
Intro   Statistics   Engineering    Outreach        Impact          Funding      Future
Russian Users




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
International Traffic Flow to Russia
                                                  #2 Sweden         #4 Finland
  #7 Canada                                                         4% (31G)
                                                  12% (99G)
  3% (22 G)



                                       #6 U.K.
                                       3% (24G)

                           #5 Netherlands
                           3% (27G)

                                                                                 #13 Japan
 #1 U.S.                   #3 France                                             0.3% (2.8G)
 63% (508 G)               4% (33G)
                                                        #12 China
                                                        0.4% (3G)




            Primary Country Providers of Traffic to Russia since July 1, 2000

Intro      Statistics     Engineering        Outreach     Impact         Funding      Future
Introduction

•   Connectivity
•   Peering
•   Management
•   Project Development




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MIRnet Consortium
•   US Partners include:
     –   University of Tennessee
     –   STAR TAP
     –   Indiana University
     –   Funding provided by US National Science Foundation
     –   Connectivity provided by Teleglobe
•   Russian Partners include:
     –   Russian Institute of Public Networks
     –   Friends and Partners Foundation
     –   Moscow State University
     –   Russian Academy of Science
     –   Funding provided by Ministry of Science & Technology
     –   Connectivity provided by RASCOM/Teleglobe


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Budget

• NSF Funding                          • Russian Ministry of Science
    – $800K annually ($4.0               Funding
      million total)                          – $500K annually
    – $600K for transport                     – ~$300K for transport
      (Chicago - Denmark)                       (Denmark - Moscow)
    – $135K operations ($65K
      overhead)
    – $150K cost sharing (UT)




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach     Impact   Funding   Future
The Russian Team

•   Friends & Partners Foundation
•   Russian Institute of Public Networking
•   Moscow State University
•   Russian Academy of Science




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
                                                         QuickTime™ and a
                                                    Photo - JPEG decompressor
                                                  are needed to see this picture.



Friends & Partners Foundation

• Originating member of
  Russian MIRnet team
• Worked with US staff for 7
  years on several US-Russian                                     Natasha Bulashova,
  networking projects                                             President, F&P

• Focus on developing
  domestic Russian
  infrastructure via CIVnet
  program




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact      Funding        Future
Russian Institute for
Public Networking



                                                               Alexei Platonov, Exec.
                                                               Director, RIPN




                Russian Backbone Network (RBnet)
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Moscow State University (MSU)

• Added late to original NSF
  proposal
• ATM decision changed
  leadership to MSU
• Recipient of Ministry Funds
• Controls Project in Russia
• Determines who in Russia is
  routed across MIRnet




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Russian Academy of Science




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Introduction

•   Connectivity
•   Peering
•   Management
•   Project Development




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                                                                                                            Review
                                                                                                            Oct ‘00
                                                                                        Teleglobe
                                                                                        Sep ‘00




Project Development                             Demo
                                                             Demo
                                                             Jun ‘00
                                                                              Demo
                                                                              Aug 8 ‘00 MADAS 2

                                                                         Meeting
                                                                                        Sep ‘00
                                                                                                       Newsletter
                                                                                                       Sep ‘00

                                                Feb 22 ‘00               Nov ‘99
                                                                                     Launch
                                                                                     Sep ‘99
                                                                                                  IP Down
                                                                       IP Up
                                                  MADAS 1.0                                       Jul ‘99
                                                                       Jun’99
                                                  Sum’99


                                                                 Moscow/
                                                                 MASS
                                                                 Nov’98
                                                                        Announce
                                                                                      Teleglobe
                                                                        Sep’98
                                                                                      Sep’98




                                            Cooperative
                                            Agreement
                                                                       Revised
                                              Jul’98                   Proposal          Renegotiate
                                                                                                                      Proposal
                                                                       Mar’98            Fall/Winter
                                                                                         ‘97                          Aug’97




                                                                                        NSF RFP
                                                                                        Jun’97
                                                                  CIVnet
                                       NATO                       Jan’97
    F&P                   KORRnet      Sep’95
    Jan’94                Jun’94




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Usage Statistics

• Usage Analysis
• MIRnet Administrative Data Analysis System
  (MADAS)




Intro   Statistics
        Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Usage Statistics

• More traffic has transited
  MIRnet in the 4.5 months
  since June 1, 2000 (1.2
  terabytes) than in the 9
  previous months (1.1
  terabytes)




                                        (total daily network throughput in gigabytes)

Intro   Statistics
        Statistics   Engineering   Outreach      Impact         Funding         Future
Monthly Traffic Flow - destination country
        40 0,000




        35 0,000




        30 0,000




        25 0,000

                                                                                                                                      Fra nce
                                                                                                                                      Swed en
        20 0,000                                                                                                                      Finla nd
                                                                                                                                      Denmark
                                                                                                                                      USA
                                                                                                                                      Russia
        15 0,000




        10 0,000




         50 ,0 00




             -
                    1999-09 1999-10 1999-11 1999-12 2000-01 2000-02 2000-03 2000-04 2000-05 2000-06 2000-07 2000-08 2000-09 2000-10

Intro      Statistics
           Statistics               Engineering                 Outreach              Impact              Funding              Future
Monthly Traffic Flow - source country
        40 0,000




        35 0,000




        30 0,000




        25 0,000

                                                                                                                                         Nethe rlan ds
                                                                                                                                         Fra nce
        20 0,000                                                                                                                         Finla nd
                                                                                                                                         Swed en
                                                                                                                                         Russia
        15 0,000                                                                                                                         USA




        10 0,000




         50 ,0 00




                   0
                       1999-09 1999-10 1999-11 1999-12 2000-01 2000-02 2000-03 2000-04 2000-05 2000-06 2000-07 2000-08 2000-09 2000-10



Intro      Statistics
           Statistics                   Engineering                 Outreach               Impact               Funding              Future
Russian Use by Institution (% total)
         10 0%




          80 %




                                                                                                                                  Othe r
          60 %
                                                                                                                                  Ura l State Univ
                                                                                                                                  (Ekater inbu rg)
                                                                                                                                  RU Sp ace Scien ce In te rne t

                                                                                                                                  MIRne t Mu lticast Ser vice
          40 %
                                                                                                                                  Russia n Acad emy of
                                                                                                                                  Science
                                                                                                                                  MEPHI

                                                                                                                                  FREEnet

          20 %
                                                                                                                                  Cher nog olovka

                                                                                                                                  Mo scow State Un iv




           0%
                 1999-   1999-   1999-   1999-   2000-   2000-   2000-    2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-
                   09      10      11      12      01      02      03       04      05      06      07      08      09      10



Intro   Statistics
        Statistics                  Engineering                          Outreach                  Impact                   Funding             Future
U.S. Top 10 Institutions (% total)
        10 0%




         80 %




                                                                                                                                  USC
         60 %                                                                                                                     Univ of Wiscon sin
                                                                                                                                  Univ of Chicago
                                                                                                                                  UW-Ma dison
                                                                                                                                  Bro wn Univ
                                                                                                                                  UC Be rkely
         40 %
                                                                                                                                  UIUC
                                                                                                                                  Ge org ia Tech
                                                                                                                                  MIT
                                                                                                                                  NLANR

         20 %




          0%
                1999-   1999-   1999-   1999-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-    2000-
                  09      10      11      12      01      02      03      04      05      06      07      08      09       10



Intro   Statistics
        Statistics                  Engineering                     Outreach                    Impact                  Funding           Future
Russian Use by Protocol (% total)
   10 0%




    80 %




    60 %
                                                                                                                                                        Othe r
                                                                                                                                                        ICMP
                                                                                                                                                        UDP-Othe r
                                                                                                                                                        TCP-WWW
                                                                                                                                                        TCP-FTP
    40 %                                                                                                                                                TCP-Othe r




    20 %




     0%
           1999-09   1999-10   1999-11   1999-12   2000-01   2000-02   2000-03   2000-04   2000-05   2000-06   2000-07   2000-08   2000-09   2000-10



Intro       Statistics
            Statistics                     Engineering                      Outreach                     Impact                    Funding             Future
U.S. Use by Protocol (% total)
 10 0%




  80 %




  60 %
                                                                                                                                   Othe r
                                                                                                                                   TCP-SMTP
                                                                                                                                   ICMP
                                                                                                                                   UDP-Othe r
                                                                                                                                   TCP-FTP
  40 %
                                                                                                                                   TCP-WWW
                                                                                                                                   TCP-Othe r




  20 %




   0%
         1999-   1999-   1999-   1999-    2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   2000-   Grand
           09      10      11      12       01      02      03      04      05      06      07      08      09      10    Total


Intro        Statistics
             Statistics                  Engineering                Outreach               Impact                 Funding         Future
MIRnet Administrative
Data Analysis System (MADAS)
• Tracks all MIRnet usage
• SQL database fed every 10
  minutes from Cisco Netflow data
• All non-proprietary software tools
• Analysis by countries, domains,
  hosts, protocols, time periods,
  traffic volume
• Generates standard graphics and
  allows user-based queries
• Supplements standard tools (mrtg,
  etc.)

Intro   Statistics
        Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Network Engineering

• Link Configuration
• MIRnet Access Scheduling System (MASS)
• NOC Services




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Link Configuration
                         PVC for regular applications (PVCr), 4 Mbp/s




                              PVC for multicast applications (PVCm)
            Router                                                            Router
          CISCO7507                                                         CISCO7507
           Chicago                                                           Moscow


                              PVC for special application (PVCs)




Intro   Statistics    Engineering         Outreach           Impact     Funding     Future
MIRnet Access Scheduling System

• Proposed system to provide users mechanism for
  registering themselves and their applications and to
  reserve use of the network for certain applications and
  time periods with reasonable assurance that resources
  they need will be available.
• To provide management with mechanism for
  implementing policy in an on-line database system
  which, for the most part, will run unattended.
• To provide differentiated classes of services (via PVCs)
  which can be reserved and which are managed in such a
  way as to ensure reasonable network service

Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
MIRnet Access Scheduling System

• The reservation system will involve a registry of users,
  applications, and networks, and a reservation database
  with which users can reserve service for specified dates
  and times.
• The actual approval of request is to be policy driven as
  much as possible and mostly automated so that users
  receive immediate response.
• The database system will interact with the MIRnet end
  point routers in Moscow and Chicago periodically
  updating access control lists which govern which PVCs
  the IP flows traverse.

Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
MIRnet Access Scheduling System

• Through this system we can formalize the provision of
  network services so that users can feel confident about
  the network meeting their needs.
• System satisfies concerns of DOE for authorizing users
  and applications - and for providing an audit trail of
  actual use. Meets the same security concerns on the
  Russian side.
• Use of the system should lead to an increased confidence
  in the network and resulting increased use.




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
MIRnet Access Scheduling System

• Elements in place include:
   – MIRnet administrative Data Analysis System (for
     back-end monitoring and reporting)
   – User/application registry
• Elements to be developed include:
   – Network description component
   – Calendar/scheduling component
   – Policy component




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
MIRnet NOC Services

• Currently using public
  domain software for
  monitoring network
  and contacting series
  of pagers (24/7) if
  problems found
• Transitioning to
  arrangement with
  Indiana University for
  providing 24/7 NOC
  services

Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Outreach Activities

• Presentations
• Demonstrations
• F&P Outreach
• Information Dissemination




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Information Dissemination

• MIRnet Users Database
  System
• 1000 US-Russian
  Partnerships Described
• Partnerships Funded by NSF,
  DOE, CRDF, NIH, IREX
• US Russian/NIS Language
  Programs
• Searchable by Institution,
  City, Investigator, Keyword


Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Information Dissemination

• Letter/Newsletter distributed
  to over 500 US-Russian
  partnerships




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
The MIRnet WWW Site
•   Bilingual
•   Database driven
•   Dynamic Page Construction
•   Browser independent
•   Mirrored in US, Russia
•   Content
    –   Proposal
    –   Project Information
    –   Applications
    –   Services
    –   Usage Statistics

Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Impact

• Institutional Users
• Applications
• Benefits




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Russian Institution Users
                                                   Megabytes transferred July 1 - October 14, 2000
               Institut ion                                                      Source       Pe rce nt    De s tination   Pe rce nt
               Mo scow State Un ive rsity                                         77 ,9 66       24 .8 %       29 8,249       30 .4 %
               Cher nag olovka                                                    19 ,1 78        6.1%         24 1,040       24 .5 %
               MEPHI                                                                7,38 0        2.3%          78 ,1 94       8.0%
               MIRne t Mu lticast Ser vice                                             -          0.0%          52 ,8 18       5.4%
               Mo scow Power En gine erin g Institute                               1,96 6        0.6%          30 ,7 25       3.1%
               Gu bkin Ru ssian State University of O il a nd Ga s                  8,46 9        2.7%          30 ,2 17       3.1%
               Chelyab insk FREEn et                                                1,99 0        0.6%          29 ,0 18       3.0%
               Ura l State University (Ekater inbu rg)                            11 ,8 18        3.8%          26 ,3 63       2.7%
               State Public Scien tific-Techn ica l L ibrar y of Ru ssia               46 1       0.1%          17 ,7 67       1.8%
               Russia n Spa ce Scien ce In te rne t                                 4,52 1        1.4%          14 ,4 44       1.5%
               RAS Ur al Reg iona l Acad emic Network                               1,73 3        0.6%          13 ,6 79       1.4%
               She myakin a nd Ovchinn iko v Institute of Biochemistry              3,23 2        1.0%          10 ,1 14       1.0%
               Plan te ta ry Ge oph ysics                                              20 0       0.1%            9,59 7       1.0%
               RAS Steklov Mathematica l In stitute                                    53 1       0.2%            9,02 1       0.9%
               Kur ch atov Institu te                                               7,48 0        2.4%            8,87 0       0.9%
               Institu te o f Precision Me ch anics a nd Co mpu te rs                  48 6       0.2%            7,24 8       0.7%
               Yar oslavl Regio nal Networ k                                        1,95 1        0.6%            7,20 7       0.7%
               RAS In stitute o f Radio eng inee ring an d Electr onics                66 9       0.2%            4,79 8       0.5%
               Semye nov In stitute of Che mical Physics                            1,90 1        0.6%            4,70 3       0.5%
               Ze linsky Instiute of Org anic Ch emistr y                              67 6       0.2%            4,49 7       0.5%
               Novgo rod State University                                              49 6       0.2%            4,26 5       0.4%
               Nesme ya nov In stitute of Ele men ta l-Org anic Co mpo und s           63 6       0.2%            4,02 3       0.4%
               Othe r                                                            16 0,548        51 .1 %        75 ,6 40       7.7%
               Total                                                             31 4,288      10 0.0%         98 2,497     10 0.0%

Intro   Statistics         Engineering                Outreach                 Impact         Funding             Future
US Institution Users
                               (megabytes transferred from June 1 - October 14, 2000)

               Institut ion                                         Source       Pe rce nt    De s tination    Pe rce nt
               NLANR                                                 69 ,2 24       13 .1 %          5,54 0        4.3%
               Univer sity o f Ch ica go                               5,98 0        1.1%            5,20 8        4.1%
               Root Server s.net                                     11 ,1 09        2.1%            4,31 7        3.4%
               Pen n Sta te Univer sity                                6,04 2        1.1%            3,70 1        2.9%
               Univer sity o f Wisconsin                             24 ,1 89        4.6%            3,27 9        2.6%
               STAR TAP                                                3,09 4        0.6%            3,09 1        2.4%
               Bro wn University                                          25 1       0.0%            2,92 7        2.3%
               Oa k Ridge Na tion al Lab                               1,17 0        0.2%            2,83 7        2.2%
               Univer sity o f Illinois UC                           13 ,1 31        2.5%            2,82 6        2.2%
               NOAA                                                    1,24 8        0.2%            2,76 5        2.2%
               Univer sity o f Tenn esse e                           11 ,9 05        2.3%            2,73 8        2.1%
               Ge org ia Tech                                        28 ,4 50        5.4%            2,34 5        1.8%
               Univer sity o f Southe rn Californ ia                      44 9       0.1%            2,19 5        1.7%
               Univer sity o f Texas                                   2,36 7        0.4%            2,07 8        1.6%
               MIT                                                   28 ,6 48        5.4%            2,07 2        1.6%
               Oh io Sta te Un iver sity                               1,75 4        0.3%            2,00 9        1.6%
               Ge org etown University                                    14 3       0.0%            1,83 2        1.4%
               Arg onn e National La b                                 8,65 9        1.6%            1,71 2        1.3%
               Univer sity o f Michiga n                               5,40 0        1.0%            1,69 5        1.3%
               Univer sity o f Virgin ia                                  68 3       0.1%            1,68 0        1.3%
               Univer sity o f Kansas                                  4,19 7        0.8%            1,60 5        1.3%
               Rutger s University                                     1,01 9        0.2%            1,53 9        1.2%
               Othe r                                               29 7,532        56 .5 %         68 ,2 08      53 .2 %
               Tot al                                               52 6,645        10 0%         12 8,200         10 0%

Intro   Statistics         Engineering                 Outreach   Impact          Funding             Future
US-Russia Networking
Project: Web Cache for
Science and Education
Averaging nearly 1.2 gigabytes of total traffic per
day, the heaviest single application of MIRnet
during its first year has been between the U.S.
National Laboratory for Applied Network Research
(NLANR) web cache and the Russian academic web
cache located in Chernogolovka (scientific city                 .
located 50 km northeast of Moscow). Managed by
the Theoretical Physics Institute, the goal of the
project is to study the properties of WWW traffic
and determine optimal path calculations for
receiving and sending information via the
distributed cache servers. The Cherogolovka web
cache functions as the root web-cache for the
Russian science and education community.




Intro     Statistics      Engineering       Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Telecommunications for
Technology Transfer and
Distributed Learning
The primary goal of the project is to
develop an advanced infrastructure able to
supply video conferencing (both point-to-
point and multi-point) as a regular service
for institutions involved in US-Russia
research and academic collaboration and                           .
the commercialization of technologies.
During the first year of MIRnet’s
operation, the two involved institutions
(the Zelinsky Institute and the University
of Missouri-Columbia) have engaged in
regular video-conferences supporting a
variety of programs - and have achieved
good results using very low bandwidth (64
kbps) H.323 and H.120 technologies.



Intro     Statistics       Engineering        Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Moscow State/Iowa State
University Cooperation in
Nuclear and High-Energy
Physics
The project is in support of cooperation between
three units of Moscow State University -- the
Institute of Nuclear Physics, the Department of
                                                         MIRnet traffic between Iowa State University and Moscow
Theoretical High Energy Physics and Department of        State University often exceeds 500 megabytes daily. The
                                                         graph above shows total traffic transiting MIRnet between the
Physics of Atomic Nucleus -- and the International       two institutions since September, 1999.
Institute of Theoretical and Applied Physics at Iowa                            .
State University.




Intro     Statistics       Engineering        Outreach     Impact               Funding               Future
Nonproliferation and Arms
Control Projects in the FSU
Since February, 2000, MIRnet has been used by the
Oak Ridge National Laboratory to support its
various collaborations with the Kurchatov Institute
and other Russian research laboratories. In June,
2000, peering arrangements were put in place
enabling all DOE laboratories in the US to use
MIRnet. The primary applications discussed and
observed related to US-RF programs are in                         .
nonproliferation and arms control. Several video-                            Oak Ridge -
                                                                             Kurchatov
conferencing demonstrations have been held -                                 Institute
including with senior US government leaders - to                             traffic from
                                                                             February,
demonstrate the utility of high performance                                  2000.
networks in supporting existing US-RF
collaborative efforts. All of these demonstrations
have been coordinated with Oak Ridge National
Laboratory and the Kurchatov Institute.



Intro      Statistics      Engineering        Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Weapons Disposal: Reactor
Physics / Thermal hydraulics
Analyses for Plutonium
Disposition
The US and RF are engaged in a cooperative
program to dispose of weapons usable plutonium in
pressurized water reactors in both countries. While
plutonium fuels have been routinely used in western
pressurized water reactors (PWRs) in France and
Germany, such fuels have not been used in Russian
reactors (VVERs). For the past four years, ORNL          Academician Ponimarev-Stepnoi (seated, on screen
                                                         from Moscow) of the Kurchatov Institute addresses the
has been responsible for transferring technology for     June 13, 2000 video-conference involving participants
mixed oxide (MOX) fuel to Russia and Kurchatov           from Moscow, Washington, Argonne National Lab in
                                                         Chicago and Oak Ridge. Included was Howard Baker,
Institute has been responsible for educating ORNL        former US Senate Majority leader, heading up a Blue
staff as to the design and operation of VVERs.           Ribbon Panel observing US-Russian programs.


MIRnet has supported this cooperative program
through video-conferencing, ftp, use of the Centra
Symposium web-based teaching package,
whiteboard, and applications sharing.
Intro      Statistics       Engineering       Outreach     Impact             Funding           Future
US-Russia Materials
Protection, Control &
Accountability program
The objective of the lab-to-lab MPC&A Program is
to enhance, through U.S.-Russian technical
cooperation, the effectiveness of nuclear materials
protection, control, and accounting in Russian
nuclear facilities. The enhancements are
implemented by Russian institutes. The U.S.
laboratories provide funding for the Russian              US participants interact with Dr. Evgenii Velikhov,
institutes through laboratory-to-laboratory               President of the Moscow Kurchatov Institute, and other
contracts.                                                Russian academicians during the February 22 video-
                                                          conference between Moscow, Washington, Knoxville
                                                          and Oak Ridge. In addition to the video-conferencing,
The two partnering institutions, the Oak Ridge            a demonstration was conducted of application sharing
National Laboratory and the Kurchatov Institute in
                                                          for joint control of a radio propagation analysis
Moscow, have used MIRnet since February, 2000 to
support a variety of applications - including video-
conferencing (demonstrations, seminars, contract
negotiation), large database (200+ Mbytes) transfer,
radio propagation analysis, and application sharing.
 Intro     Statistics        Engineering       Outreach   Impact             Funding             Future
NASA-Russian Space Science
Internet (RSSI) Collaboration
FTP dominates as the primary application between
hosts on NASA’s high performance NREN network
and the Russian Space Science Internet. With daily
flows occasionally reaching 500 megabytes or more,
MIRnet supports a wide variety of NASA-RSSI
programs and activities.




                                                       Traffic from NASA hosts to RSSI hosts is shown
                                                       above. The primary application is ftp which often

                                                       exceeds 256 Megabytes transferred daily.




Intro      Statistics      Engineering      Outreach     Impact             Funding            Future
US-Russian Military Officers
Training: Humanitarian Law
This program is in support of a new Russian
Federation Defense order which requires
humanitarian law training for all members of the
Russian Armed Forces. Working with the
University of Virginia Center for National Security
Law, the Russian Ministry of Defense will begin
utilizing MIRnet to support curriculum
development, transfer of training materials, and live
classroom training between sites in Moscow and
Charlottesville, Virginia. The initial demonstration
event is scheduled for November 30, 2000.




Intro      Statistics       Engineering        Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Sample Academic Partnerships Utilizing MIRnet
Services
•      Experimental High Energy Physics High                  •   Research of on-line collaboration methods in
       energy physicists in the Skobeltsyn Institute of           distance learning technology development
       Nuclear Physics at Moscow State University use             Based on the collaboration of Ural State
       MIRnet for collaborating with US partners at the           University, Perm State University, and North
       Fermi National Accelerator and the Stanford                Caroline State University in the framework of
       Linear Accelerator. Data is shared and analyzed            their 1997-2000 project “Collaboration in the
       from experiments performed in the particle                 field of distance learning in the area of business
       accelerators for the purpose of obtaining insight          management” supported by the US State Dept.,
       into macroworld structures.                                the project is exploring methods of remote
                                                                  collaboration via video- and audio- data
•      Investigation of Magnetospheric Perturbances
       Moscow State University and the Space Physics              exchange (mBONE and H.32x).
       Research Laboratory at the University of               •   US-Russia Collaboration in Plasma
       Michigan are using MIRnet in support of a joint            Astrophysics Project is multi-disciplinary,
       project involving a heavy computational                    involving specialists in numerical
       component and the creation/maintenance of a                magnetohydrodynamics, plasma physics, and
       shared cosmophysical information database                  astrophysics. Russian scientists work at Cornell
       addressing experimental and theoretical research           during one-month visits, and the US scientists
       in the area of magnetospheric and space physics.           visit Russia on a regular basis. Collaboration on
                                                                  developing 2D computer codes between Keldysh
                                                                  Institute and Cornell.



    Intro      Statistics         Engineering              Outreach     Impact          Funding           Future
Benefits

• Increased network capacity for data sharing
• Some capacity available for richer communications
  (video-conferencing)
• Spurring development of high performance
  infrastructure in Russia
• Encouraging US and Russian partners to learn about
  new network technologies



Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Funding

• US Potential
    – NSF REU Supplement
    – NASA, DOE, DOD
• Russian Reality




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
The Future

•   Applications
•   Capacity Expansion
•   Russian High Performance Network Expansion
•   Extension to other NIS countries




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Application of Scientific
Visualization to Marine
Ecosystem Analysis
Center for Coastal Physical Oceanography at Old
Dominion Univ. with oceanographic colleagues in
Moscow and Vladivostok. MIRnet services for
visualization (fly-thrus of oceanographic models),
large data sets (ftp), video-conferencing, etc.




Intro     Statistics       Engineering       Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Radiation Epidemiology
Collaboration
The Radiation Epidemiology Branch of NCI
proposes to use MIRnet to cooperate with partners
in Russia, Kazahkstan, Ukraine and Belarus. Part of
the project focuses on epidemiological follow-up on
the Chernobyl disaster.




Intro     Statistics      Engineering       Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Distance Learning: International
Security in a Changing World

Stanford University will offer a course
"International Security in a Changing World" to
students at Yaroslavl State University and Southern
Ural State University. Both Russian universities are             IS/IDL, Institute for
now (recently) routed across MIRnet. Efforts focus               International Studies,
                                                                 Stanford University
now on identifying mutually available technology to
be used for the coursework.




Intro     Statistics      Engineering        Outreach   Impact       Funding        Future
US-Russian Internet
Physics Olympiad                                          Seattle, Washington
                                                                                     Saint Petersburg, Russia

                                                                                                Novosibirsk, Siberia

In April '00 high school students in Novosibirsk and        San Diego, California

St.-Petersburg (Russia) combined with students in                               Sixty Four Students
Seattle and San Diego (America) to participate in an
internet-based science competition. Each of eight              And a Significant Number of Physicists
                                                               and Technologists!
teams were composed of four American and four
Russian students. Each pair of team halves were
linked with their own private chat and whiteboard
connection so they could consult in solving the
problems. They were presented with questions and
then submitted answers through an internet-based
platform which was controlled at a central site; the
system delivered each team's answers to separately
located panels of judges.

Novosibirsk State University and Cornell University
propose to use MIRnet to enhance opportunities and
expand participation.


Intro     Statistics      Engineering        Outreach   Impact                  Funding              Future
Collaboration on Spallation
Neutron Source (SNS), Oak
Ridge National Laboratory
Interest from and potential collaboration with
Kurchatov Institute, Obninsk, other Russian
scientific communities on the new Spallation
Neutron Source project being constructed at the Oak
Ridge National Laboratory.




Intro      Statistics      Engineering       Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Planned Capacity Expansion

• Negotiations with Teleglobe and Russian partners to
  expand to 155 Mbps
• Link split between MIRnet (80 Mbps) and academic
  commodity traffic (75 Mbps)




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Russian High Performance Network Expansion

• Critical need to expand beyond Moscow region
• First priorities: St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk
• Success depends upon working with Russian academic
  network partners (RBnet)
• Recent dramatic decrease in regional
  telecommunications costs for non-profit purposes will
  help



Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach   Impact   Funding   Future
Extension to other NIS countries

• Conversations with Ukrainian and
  Kazakh academic communities                            Russia

• Interest from US side in Belarus
                                              Belarus
• Can happen only after MIRnet                 Ukraine       Kazakhstan
  upgrade




Intro   Statistics   Engineering   Outreach    Impact    Funding   Future

				
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