Marine Protected Areas (PDF)

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					The newsletter for stewards of salmonids and their habitat • Volume 13 • Number 1 • Spring 2006

Marine Protected Areas
Planning for a sustainable future
By Karen Blinkhorn                        conservation-based
How do we go about protecting marine      management measures.
ecosystems and biodiversity while         “MPAs can’t solve
sustaining the livelihoods of coastal     all the problems in
communities? Since 1993, the B.C.         the ocean, but they
chapter of the Canadian Parks and         are an important
Wilderness Society (CPAWS) has been       foundation,” says Stark.
working with government agencies,         “They challenge us to
communities, First Nations and other      consider how marine
stakeholders to create a viable network   species interact with
of marine protected areas (MPAs).         their habitats and
                                                                                                                   Photo: Sabine Jessen
MPAs are ocean regions with long-term     with each other, and
legal safeguards. Some are small areas    how we can benefit from our marine           intergovernmental steering committee
where no human activities of any kind     resources in a sustainable way.             to develop a Marine Protected Areas
are allowed. Larger ones, such as the     “Our current approach to oceans             Strategy for B.C. Both governments
Gully Marine Protected Area off Nova      management is focused on managing           have committed to completing a system
Scotia and Australia’s Great Barrier      each sector separately. This                of MPAs on the Pacific coast by 2010.
Reef Marine Park, have several zones      fragmented approach to fishing,              CPAWS is working with other groups
with different levels of activity and     tourism, transportation, etc., has led to   to develop a proposal for a coordinated
protection.                               significant declines in global fish stocks    approach governments could use to
“Because coastal communities have         and overall decreasing environmental        achieve this goal.
strong traditional, cultural and          health of our oceans.”                      “The continued efforts of British
economic ties to the ocean, MPAs are      Stark points out that right here in B.C.    Columbians will be rewarded when
usually designated for the purpose        a range of species – from rockfish and       resident species begin to recover,”
of sustainable use rather than pure       eelgrass to orcas and oystercatchers        says Stark.
conservation,” says Jodi Stark, the       – are in decline.
marine campaign coordinator of            Only 2 per cent of B.C.’s marine
CPAWS-BC.                                 environment falls under some form of
CPAWS has participated in policy and      legislation, and even this has a limited
legislation development and in the        amount of actual species or habitat
identification of potential sites. For     protection. Most are recreational areas.
                                                                                         Bald eagles celebrated ........ 2
several years, it has been leading        Why does Canada lag behind other               Dave Chitty retires ............... 3
a network of non-governmental             nations in the creation of MPAs?
organizations, scientists and                                                            Streamkeepers Update ........ 4
                                          One reason often given is overlap
local stakeholders to promote the                                                        A dream comes true............. 5
                                          in jurisdiction. Both the federal and
establishment of a National Marine                                                       New fishy lesson plans ........ 6
                                          provincial governments have some
Conservation Area (NMCA) in the           control over our marine environment.           Project Highlight:
southern Strait of Georgia. NMCAs are                                                    Environmental Farm Plans ... 7
                                          But there is hope for collaboration.
marine protected areas established by
Parks Canada. An NMCA in the Strait       In 1994, the federal and provincial
of Georgia would build on existing        governments created an

        Fisheries and Oceans   Pêches et Océans
        Canada                 Canada
                    The eagles return
                      The 10th annual       the importance of wetlands and              historic Xa:ytem Longhouse was
                      Fraser Valley Bald    the astonishing diversity of life           open for tours and cultural talks.
                      Eagle Festival was    in a pond. Leq’a:mel Hall laid on           A “personal pledge” was part of the
                      held in November.     environmental displays, crafts, and         program this year. After each event,
                      That is the perfect   delectable First Nations cuisine. The       people were asked to identify one
    time to witness the intertwined life                                                thing they could do to help create a
    cycles of salmon and eagles. The                                                    sustainable environment.
    Harrison River is home to chinook,
    coho, chum, pink and sockeye.                                                       Educator and facilitator Peter
    Spawning in its tributaries occurs                                                  Donaldson inspired dozens of
    from August to late December. Up to                                                 personal pledges from Mission
    1,200 bald eagles return each year                                                  students. His ongoing Salmonpeople
    to feed on the spawning salmon,                                                     project aims to teach citizens of all
    and people are there to celebrate.                                                  ages how to make lifestyle choices
                                                                                        that recognize the interdependence
    All week, in a variety of locations,                                                of ecology, economy, and society
    participants sang, danced,                                                          in their home ecosystems. The
    listened, talked, painted, laughed,                                                 festival week culminated with a
    and ate their way closer to an                                                      performance of his one-man play at
    understanding of Fraser Valley                                                      the Clarke Theatre.
                                             The Orphaned Wildlife Rehabilitation       We will be doing it all again next
    Silverdale Creek Wetland, west of        Society (OWL) nursed this eagle back       year! Visit www.fraservalleybald
    Mission, hosted tours and talks on      to health and released it, to the delight
                                                       of festival-goers.      to get involved.

    New minister visits B.C.                    Planning to make a career of salmon
    Loyola Hearn of Newfoundland,               stewardship? This bursary is for you.
    the new Minister of Fisheries and
    Oceans, was in Vancouver in March.      Pacific Salmon Foundation (PSF) has announced two $500 bursaries for the
           He chaired a gathering           2005/2006 academic year. Each bursary is awarded to a full-time post-
           of the Pacific Council of         secondary student, enrolled in an education program aimed at a career in
           Fisheries and Aquaculture        salmon recovery, who is also a stewardship volunteer.
           Ministers, meeting with B.C.     Last year’s winners were BCIT’s Brenda Boye of Surrey, and Leonard Guno,
           Environment Minister Barry       a Malaspina University-College student from New Aiyansh.
           Penner and Yukon Deputy
                                            Leonard Guno is in his second year of the Resource Management Officer
           Minister of Environment
                                            Technician program. He has worked and volunteered for the past five years
           Edward Huebert, among
                                            with Nisga’a Fisheries’ Nass River Fishwheel program, Radio Telemetry
           others. Hearn says he plans
                                            program, and chinook and coho studies.
    to move ahead with reforms to
    improve the overall management of       Brenda Boye is in her second year of the Fish, Wildlife and Recreation
    the Pacific fisheries.                    program. She volunteers with the City of Surrey Parks & Recreation Releaf
                                            Program doing riparian rehabilitation along salmon-bearing streams.
    “Today’s meeting was a great
2   opportunity for us to get together      DFO community advisor Joe Kambeitz began fundraising 18 years ago for
                                            such a bursary. “This celebrates outstanding achievement and commitment
    and discuss issues affecting Pacific
    fisheries,” he said. “I’m looking        to the future of Pacific salmon,” he says. “My sincere congratulations to both
    forward to building on these new        winners.”
    relationships by working closely        Information and application packages about the PSF Stewardship
    with my counterparts in B.C.            Community Bursary is available at and at B.C. colleges
    and Yukon.”                             and universities. To donate to the bursary fund, call PSF at 604-664-7664.
D ave Chitty
           Retiring - but not quitting
After many years, Dave Chitty is
retiring as education coordinator for
School District 70 in Port Alberni.
Dave says his first involvement
with salmon enhancement was in
the 1970s. “We raised salmon in
garbage cans. Primitive, but fun.”
In the mid-1980s he became an
education coordinator, feeling
strongly that school programs
were a vital part of environmental
stewardship. He involved students
in enhancement projects centred on
Cherry Creek. Elementary students
                                                   Dave Chitty confers with young workers at the smolt trap.
operated a smolt trap. Hundreds of
children of all ages have since taken   the years when Japanese students
part in riparian planting, fencing      studying salmon came to Port              A View of the Future
and enhancement. 1992 and 1993          Alberni, and 20 students from Port
                                        Alberni got to go to Japan.               What does someone with
were a bit different – those were
                                                                                  Dave Chitty’s experience
                                        Dave is proud of the holistic             and knowledge foretell for
                                        approach that he and the program’s        environmental education and
                                        many supporters have taken over           stewardship?
                                        the years. Active roles have been
                                        taken by teachers, Robertson              “If we are to succeed in Stream
                                        Creek Hatchery management                 to Sea we must make it an
                                        and staff, volunteer groups, local        inclusive process. We need
                                        government, non-governmental              to bring as many community,
                                        organizations, and individuals            corporate and government
    The Community Advisors of
          the Lower Fraser              such as biologist Dave Clough. This       groups into it as possible. We
   and the Pacific Streamkeepers         has made it possible for a large          must stop treating salmon as
             Federation                                                           a resource and seek to re-
     invite you to kick up your         number of children to benefit from a
                                        community-based, more meaningful          establish habitats that are
              feelers at
                                        program. “Due to our location, we         healthy for all. We should
   Ugly Bug Ball II                     have been left alone to modify            strongly resist the focus
                                                                                  on “numbers” and instead
      and DFO                           and develop our own approach
                                                                                  rebuild, enhance and protect
                                        to salmonid education, using DFO
      Volunteer                         materials as a baseline.”                 ecosystems. At the same time
   Recognition and                      We haven’t seen the last of
                                                                                  we must incorporate realistic,
                                                                                  locally-based harvesting
   Appreciation Day                     Dave. He is retiring from day-to-         processes.
                                        day Salmonids in the Classroom
       Saturday, June 17, 2006                                                    “The key is teamwork. Much of
                                        activities, but we’ll still be able
     A Rocha Field Studies and          to find him at the Cherry Creek            the work to improve and protect
           Ecology Centre               smolt trap, the Alberni Valley            habitat is being done by an
     512 - 172nd Street, Surrey
        Check for updates at
                                        Enhancement Association, and              aging group of volunteers.
                                                                                  DFO needs to recognize this
                                        getting dirty with the Rogers Creek                                                         and actively support these
                                        Streamkeepers project.
   Bring your family and enjoy a                                                  groups and individuals. Let’s
    day of food, fun, and sharing                                                 get more people involved and
   of stories about your volunteer
                                                                                  having fun.”
        efforts and successes.
                         Boxed talks and ugly bugs
                       When your group is        and where has it taken you? Many
                       invited to address        new project ideas have been                     Tool Tip
                       an audience about         spawned through the creative                    A clinometer is a device used
Streamkeepers watershed of effortitissues,       imaginations of our aquatic                     to measure the angle of a

                       takes a lot               stewardship community. Incorporate              line of sight above or below
                       to put together a         this into your display to share with            horizontal. You can use it to
                       presentation and          those on site as well as through                measure the slope of a stream.
                       find a volunteer           video to a much wider audience.
      willing to give it. The most               PSkF videographer Pat Morten will
                                                                                                 To help you use your
      knowledgeable and experienced              be there to help you capture your
                                                                                                 clinometer correctly, first
      people are often already over-             group’s message on tape. Have a
                                                                                                 practise shooting across
      extended with stream rehabilitation        look at for
                                                                                                 land you know is level (0 per
      and protection, and involvement            more ideas, and mark June 17 on
                                                                                                 cent slope), and take note of
      in public planning and policy              your calendar.
                                                                                                 the way you are holding the
      processes. Preaching to the                                                                tool. Hold it the same way
      unconverted ends up being a little         Module updated                                  when shooting on a stream.
      neglected.                                 Module 12 of the Streamkeepers                  Remember that you must
                                                 Handbook and Modules is being                   be standing at water level
         The Pacific Streamkeepers
                                                 revised. The methodology for                    in order to shoot the slope
         Federation (PSkF) is working on a
                                                 spawner surveys will be brought                 of a stream. If you stand on
         series of PowerPoint presentations
                                                 in line with the stream inspection              the bank you may be in a
         that can be downloaded or mailed
                                                 log method. The Streamkeepers                   depression or on a rock, which
         to you. These “talks in a box“ will
                                                 Data Entry Tool already allows for              will affect your reading.
         make it possible for newer members
         to present with confidence to a          the entry of information collected
         variety of audiences. The supplied      in this fashion as does DFO’s stock           DVD about the stream inspection log
         photos and script will be easily        assessment database. Information              to ensure standard training.
         adaptable to your region. You will      collected in a standardized way fits           To order, please contact
         also be able to insert your own         into a larger number of processes.   or write to Pacific
         photos and text.                        This will make your group’s data on           Streamkeepers Federation,
                                                 returning salmon more applicable.             720 Orwell Street, North Vancouver,
         Our first presentation, Trails, can be
                                                 The PSkF has produced a video on              B.C., V7J 2G3.
         found at Our next one
         is in the works. Invasive Species
         as Zone Invaders will help people
         identify their local geoclimatic           Valuing Nature:
         zone, and learn how to encourage
                                                    Stewardship and Conservation in Canada
         beneficial native plants and
                                                    Corner Brook, Newfoundland and Labrador, July 5 - 8
         discourage alien invaders.
                                                    Held every three years, this national conference attracts
         Ugly Bug Ball II                           participants from a wide variety of backgrounds, including all
                                                    levels of government, non-profit organizations, industry and
         The PSkF and DFO community                 Aboriginal groups from across Canada and beyond.
         advisors from the Lower Mainland           Building on successful conferences held in Victoria in 2003 and Guelph in 2000,
         are teaming up to bring you Ugly           we will chart and evaluate progress, as well as contribute to the evolution and
         Bug Ball II. Once again salmon             implementation of the 10-year action plan conceived at Victoria. Themes for this
                                                    year’s conference include:
    4    enhancement/streamkeeper                   • Stewardship Economics and Sustainability
         communities will gather at Surrey’s        • Stewardship’s Web of Conservation Lands/Waters in Canada
         A Rocha Field Study Centre for a           • Headwaters to Oceans
         time of sharing, networking and            • Funding Strategies and Financial Instruments for Stewardship
                                                    • Community-Based Monitoring for Stewardship
         good old fashioned fun! This year
                                                    For more information, or to register for the conference, visit
         we are looking at data collection.
                                          , or phone (709) 637-2043 / (709) 634-1444.
         What information did you gather
From dream to reality in just five years
by Jean Peachman                        2004 funding from PSF purchased         construction skills that brought this
Port Coquitlam’s Hyde Creek             predator netting and an aeration        project to fruition – under budget.
Streamkeepers had a dream. They         tower. New funding from BC Gaming       Thanks also to Jean Peachman and
wanted to create a full-time salmon     and many corporate donors built a       Linda Dore for their fundraising and
hatchery to replace one operated        second floor. To raise more funds,       office support.
out of a backyard for over 15 years.    volunteers painted a stream mural       You are invited to see the dream-
                                        decorated with colourful fish.           come-true at an open house on
In 2001 they formed Hyde Creek
Watershed Society and received a        By September 2005 the tents were        April 22. Contact peachman@telus.
creekside lease of property from        no longer needed. The classroom         net for more information.
the City of Port Coquitlam. DFO and     was bare, but dry and warm,
the Pacific Salmon Foundation (PSF)      and school programs and public
contributed funding, contractors        tours took off. Recently, IKEA has        A Stewardship
                                        furnished tables and chairs. And
donated time and equipment, and
                                        in May the Hyde Creek Watershed
                                                                                  Chain Reaction
work began.
                                        Society will host the official opening     Have you ever stopped to think about how every
Petro Canada committed to large         of the new facility.                      stewardship action lays the foundation for the
donations over the course of the                                                  next? Maybe your group started out as a few
project. In 2003 the new hatchery       Major donors include BC Gaming,           friends cleaning up a creek. Then you got the
began operations in earnest and the     City of Port Coquitlam, Petro Canada,     local school involved, and petitioned your city
                                        Fisheries and Oceans Canada, PSF,         council for some funding. You gave yourselves a
first stocks of chum and coho eggs
                                        Coquitlam Concrete (1993) Ltd.,           name, and sponsored a booth at the Fall Fair to
were nurtured. The rearing pond
                                        Read Jones Christoffersen, Thistle        promote watershed conservation. More people
and channel were completed in                                                     signed up. And now, many years later, you’re
time for the first fry.                  Plumbing, Wesbild Holdings Ltd.,
                                                                                  part of the Eagle Festival, and you’re on TV, and
                                        Bel/Pacific, Coast Capital Savings,        David Suzuki is calling...!
Free tours and classes, held in tents   Jack Cewe Ltd., Liberty Homes Ltd.,
on loan from Petro Canada, were                                                   The next time you meet, take some time to draw
                                        Westminster Savings, and CIBC.
conducted rain or shine.                                                          up your organization’s chain reaction on a big
                                        Our members can take a deep bow           sheet of paper. Make a chart to show the links
More dry storage was needed.            for their hard work and dedication.       from the first idea to your achievements of today.
Home Depot donated materials and        Special recognition to Shane              You’ll be amazed at what you’ve accomplished,
students from Terry Fox Secondary                                                 and energized to carry on and do even more.
                                        Peachman for his coordinating and
School built a shed.

Is your watershed pesticide-free?
Does your municipality permit the       malathion, diazinon or carbaryl,        a step in the right direction. Since
use of chemicals to control garden      which are acutely toxic to both         2001, when the Supreme Court of
weeds and harmful insects?              insects and fish. Surveys conducted      Canada upheld the right of Hudson,
Commonly used products such             in the Greater Vancouver Regional       Quebec, to pass a municipal bylaw
as Killex, Weed Stop and Weed           District and Victoria showed that 66    banning the use of cosmetic
Out contain the herbicide 2,4-D,        to 87 per cent of homeowners are        pesticides, 86 municipalities across
some formulations of which are          still using pesticides in the garden.   Canada have adopted similar
toxic to fish (and creatures that eat    This is a scary statistic in terms      regulations, and many more are
them). Some insecticides contain        of human and watershed health.          drafting their own bylaws. The
                                        Recent reports from Environment         latest one to sign on is Gibsons
                                        Canada show toxin levels increasing     Landing.
        News F rkshop 2007              in our water supply. Scientists         We need to encourage our                5
         nity Wo        s Lake
                                        are concerned at the buildup of         city councils to ban the use of
Commu           William                 medicines, rubber from vehicle tires    such chemicals. In B.C., only
        held in             g
will be             May lon
   on nex  t year’s     for
                                        and harmful chemicals including         10 municipalities are on board
               d. Watch                 pesticides.                             so far, including Vancouver,
      weeken tes!                                                               New Westminster, Nelson and
             upda                       Banning the use of garden
                                        pesticides for cosmetic reasons is      Cumberland. How about yours?
                               New lesson plans for B.C. teachers
    Are you a teacher wanting to meet         Make a Redd – Science, Grade 3. This          Sakinaw Sockeye Case Study – Science.
    learning outcomes while getting           classroom experiment shows how salmon         Grade 8. Exercises in role-playing and
    involved in fun and fishy projects?        protect their eggs.                           consensus-building.
    Visit the upgraded education              Coho Habitat Loss – Science, Grade 4.         Nechako White Sturgeon Decline
    portion of DFO’s website for new          Adapted from DFO’s Watershed Works,           – Science, Grade 8. Includes a graphing
    lesson plans clearly linked to            this lesson augments the habitat section      and interpretation exercise for students
    Integrated Resource Packages in           of the Probe textbook. Teams identify         to understand the life history of white
    subjects such as science, language        threats to coho habitat.                      sturgeon.
    arts, social studies, and career and      Killer Whales and Bioaccumulation             First Nations Careers in Stewardship
    personal planning. Check out these        – various disciplines, Grades 7 and 8.        and Fisheries – Planning, Grade 10.
    examples.                                 Explores the natural history of B.C. killer   Following one First Nations group as an
                                              whale populations and uses graphing to        example, the lessons combine science
    Anti-Freeze, Anti-Fish – Drama, Grade
                                              study bioaccumulation. In the final lesson,    and traditional knowledge to examine
    5. A short play introduces students to
                                              students plan changes in their own lives      potential stewardship and fisheries
    problem-solving and conflict-resolution
                                              which will help killer whales.                careers for First Nations students.
    over a common pollution source.

    Herrings and Hemlocks
    by Jonn Matsen                            works like a pump, drawing deep,              (which is about 50/50 salt water
    As winter turns to spring, land           nutrient-laden waters up from the             and fresh water) and herring eggs
    plants produce leaves to capture          depths. This allows hundreds of               need protection from waves. These
    the sun’s power and, with water,          diatom species to sprout their green          two requirements were likely
    nutrients and minerals from the soil,     magic, often weeks ahead of the               met in the channel, but industrial
       restart growth and reproduction.       rest of Georgia Strait.                       development polluted and disturbed
                                              The lush green growth brings                  the area.
            In the sea, diatom algae
                 begin the same cycle,        the grazers. Barnacles, mussels,              The industrial development is now
                     except that nutrients    clams, snails, crabs, starfish and a           gone, and it might be possible
                       and minerals           variety of shrimp-like organisms              to restore herring production to
                         can be harder        release their eggs into the ocean to          the area. However, herring like
                          to find. The         feast on this plenty. One of these,           to attach their eggs onto kelp or
                            previous year’s   a fat copepod called Neocalanus               eelgrass, which no longer exist in
                             growth may       plumchrus, is a favourite food for            the channel in any quantity. That
                             have used        herring hatchlings.                           leaves creosote pilings for them to
                            up any near       Back in the 1960s, herring in the             spawn on but studies have shown
    the surface. This is why the spring       millions spawned in Mamquam                   that creosote is quite toxic to larva
    plankton bloom in Georgia Strait          Blind Channel, just east of the               development.
    begins at the mouths of rivers such       Squamish River mouth. Herring                 Edith Tobe is attempting to replant
    as the Squamish. The water pushing        sperm is activated best at a salinity         eelgrass. In the meantime, inspired
    out of the river valley into the ocean    of 12 to 20 parts per thousand                by traditional First Nations methods,
                                                                                            the Squamish Streamkeepers have
                        A great way to fundraise                                            put hemlock trees into the water as
       Wildlife Habitat Canada will donate a Conservation Edition Print (valued             substitutes.
      at $195) for auction by your stewardship organization. They ask that your             If herring take to spawning on the
6      organization purchase a Wildlife Habitat Canada Conservation Stamp for               hemlocks, their eggs should hatch
      $8.50, cover shipping costs, and that you frame the print with the stamp.             out in time to feast for a full 100
     Your organization keeps the funds raised by these prints by Canadian artists.          days on their favourite Neocalanus
           This opportunity is for any and all conservation organizations.                  plumchrus, thus giving them a big
                                   For details, visit                                       head start on returning to their                       numbers of the past.
The Environmental Farm Plan
The Environmental Farm Plan
Fish and farmers co-exist
By Niels Holbek                          Christmas tree operation and a            At both sites, equipment and cattle
The BC Agriculture Council’s             conifer nursery in the Mission Creek      will no longer have to cross through
Environmental Farm Plan project          area. He is also a very active EFP        the water, risking pollution of the
(EFP) works to help agricultural         advisor and coordinates the BC            stream. This is good for the cattle
operations find the balance               Cattlemen’s EFP Delivery Group. “It       and even better for the fish.
between production and the               just sort of happened that way,” he       “Ducks Unlimited were also involved
environment.                             says. “When we moved to Kelowna,          at both sites,” Spencer says. “They
                                         my wife Cyndi urged me to stay            bring an extra 10 per cent incentive
EFP advisor Pete Spencer has             involved with the environmental
been protecting the environment                                                    funding to the table and that often
                                         challenges facing ranchers.               makes the difference whether
for many years. “When I came to
British Columbia from Ontario as a       “I was lucky enough to be offered         people can afford to do the project
young man, everything looked so          the opportunity to work for the           or not. It makes it so much more
pristine and clean that I wanted to      BCCA to help lay the groundwork           appealing.”
help keep it that way.”                  for the EFP program. Becoming             The EFP Planning Advisor has been
                                         a planning advisor was another            able to build a relationship of trust
From the start, Spencer put the          logical step for me. Now I get to
approach into practice, using                                                      and cooperation with the ranchers.
                                         help producers evaluate their             “Our area DFO habitat field
environmentally sensitive land           environmental performance and
clearing methods for his own                                                       technician, Bob Harding, has been
                                         help them deal with any issues.”          very, very good. He brings a fair and
ranching operations. He ran a
                                                   So far Spencer has done         balanced outlook on things and also
                                                   26 environmental farm           has access to funding sources. For
                                                   plans and he gets excited       example, DFO paid a significant part
                                                   when you ask him about          of the bridge and fencing costs on
                                                   specific ranches.                the Milton farm. In the end it is all
                                                   “Brash Creek Ranch is           a team effort and the environment
                                                   a prime example of the          comes out the big winner.”
                                                   EFP program in action,”         Spencer has a message for those
                                                   he says. “Frank Poirier         farmers and ranchers who are
                                                   and his family raise Red        still considering whether to do an
                                                   and Black Angus near            environmental farm plan. “Some
                                                   Enderby. The Poiriers           people are a bit intimidated. I want
                                                   have addressed the action       to assure them that there is nothing
   Pete Spencer (right) and Frank Poirier at the
         cattle bridge across Brash Creek.         items identified in their        to fear. The EFP uses a carrot rather
                                                   environmental farm plan.        than a stick approach. It’s built on
cow/calf operation in Vanderhoof          Specifically, they have replaced a        reward and benefits.
for 30 years, while serving with          bridge over Brash Creek and have         “Some people think it’s just more
the BC Cattlemen’s Association            almost finished erecting riparian         paperwork, and yes, there is some...
(BCCA) in various roles. He became        fencing parallel to the creek. Further   but as planning advisors we are
the BCCA Director for Fort Fraser         improvements to operations along         there to make the job as simple as
region, chaired the environmental         the creek are scheduled.”                possible. I tell my rancher clients
stewardship committee and was a           Another is Valleyview Ranch, in the      that they will reap the benefits for
peer advisor for the area.                Malakwa area, where a new bridge         generations to come.”                   7
When he retired and moved                has been built over Senn Creek.           For information, please contact Niels
to Kelowna, it was natural to            “This is a very valuable salmon-          Holbek, Environmental Farm Plan
continue in the environmental            rearing stream according to DFO,”         Coordinator, BC Agricultural Council,
arena. Today, and he calls this          Spencer says.                             Tel: 1-877-334-6547
retirement, he runs a five-acre                                                                 Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest:
Natureline is the newsletter of the Peace/Williston       A Photographic Encyclopedia of Saltwater
Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program. It is             Invertebrates, Seaweeds and Selected Fishes
published by BC Hydro with input from DFO and the         by Andy Lamb & Bernard Hanby, photos by Bernard
BC Ministry of Environment. The Winter 2006 issue         Hanby. Harbour Publishing.
includes articles about whitefish, kokanee, Arctic         Coffee-table book or essential
grayling, and bull trout.                                 reference? This book is both.
                                                          The 1,600 colour photographs                                        of over 1,200 species speak
Intended for water industry stakeholders, this            volumes for the value of our
website has been developed as part of the Water           ocean heritage. As if that were
Sustainability Action Plan for British Columbia. It is    not enough, it is superbly
maintained by the BC Water and Waste Association,         organized, with a quick-
and provides links and information about sustainable      reference guide at the start,
and integrated approaches to water management             colour-coding, a full index of
throughout the province.                                  common and scientific names,
                                                          and a glossary.
Conservation & Ecology News posts articles and links
of concern or interest to the Georgia Basin/Puget
                                                             Help us save trees and postage.
Sound eco-region. Examples are a newspaper article
                                                              Receive StreamTalk by e-mail.
about the proposed $1 billion Puget Sound Salmon
                                                              Please contact Joanne Day at                Postal No. 40063830
Recovery Plan, and notice of a B.C. Federation of Drift
                                                  , with the
Fishers public symposium on hatchery benefits and
                                                           subject line “StreamTalk by e-mail.”
This site works to organize the growing volume of
                                                             is published for Stewardship and
web-based environmental information for its visitors.
                                                                  Community Involvement
It includes a directory of Canadian environmental                    Oceans, Habitat
websites, environmental news from across Canada,                and Enhancement Branch
opportunities for student organisations and
                                                              Fisheries and Oceans Canada
community groups to share information, and an
archive with a search engine.                                 Suite 200, 401 Burrard Street
                                                            Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6C 3S4
    Parks Canada Poster Contest                                     Editorial Director:
                                                                     Carrie Mishima
     Are you a student in Grade 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8?                   Design and layout:
   Use your artistic skills to let us know why the               Jennifer McKim Stone
            ocean is important to you!                         Information Coordinator:
              Contact us for guidelines:                              Joanne Day
                          Phone: 604-666-6614
                                                                  Fax: 604-666-0417
                      or visit:                             E-mail:             Opinions expressed in StreamTalk are those of
           itm1-con/bc/pacific2005_e.asp                   the authors, and do not necessarily represent
                                                             those of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
          Winners will be announced on
         World Oceans Day, June 8, 2006.

       Fisheries and Oceans Pêches et Océans
       Canada               Canada