Đinh Gia Hưng 1 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. I. Define everything in English using a special list of 2000 words For example: Flexible: 1) that can bend or be bent easily. 2) that can change or be changed to be suitable for new needs, changed conditions etc. Bend: 1) to force into a curve, angle, or sloping position, away from a straight or upright position. Curve: 1) a line of which no part is straight and which contains no angles. Angle: 1) the space between two lines or surfaces that meet or cross each other, measured in degrees that represent the amount of a circle that can fit into that space. and go on this way until you use up 2000 words to say nearly anything in English! II. Learn key concepts in English using a special list of 1052 words For example: comfort/make sb feel better: Comfort: to comfort someone, for example by talking to them or putting your arms around them. Console: to comfort someone when they feel unhappy or disappointed, especially by saying something that makes them realize the situation is not so bad. Reassure: to make someone feel less worried or frightened about a situation, for example by being friendly to them or by telling them there is nothing to worry about. Soothe: to make someone feel more calm and relaxed when they are upset, anxious, or nervous. II. Learn a word in its entire collocations. For example: Love (n): - adjectives + love: deep, great, overwhelming, passionate/genuine, pure, real, true/ unconditional/abiding (không thay đổi), eternal, undying/hopeless, unrequited (không được đền đáp)/thwarted (bị ngăn trở)/mutual/free/ first/parental, sisterly/courtly (kiểu hiệp sĩ Trung cổ), platonic (lý tưởng thuần khiết), romantic, erotic (tình ái, tình dục), physical, sexual/heterosexual, homosexual, lesbian/redemptive (dùng để cứu vãn)/divine (thần thánh, thiêng liêng), human. - verbs + love: feel, have/search for, seek/find/express, show/declare, profess (bày tỏ)/promise/return/share/give sb, send (sb)/be in, fall in, fall out of (bỏ)/make. - love + noun: affair/life/letter/scene, song, story. - prepositions: for/out of ~, in~, ~between, ~for, ~of. - phrases: an act of love, deeply/madly/passionately in love, desperately/ hopelessly in love, head over heels in love, love at first sight, the love of sb’s life. Ancestor noun [C] Studies suggest that life originated only once, from a person, plant, animal or object that is related to a single ancestor. one existing at a later point in time Ancestry: a person’s ancestors considered as a There were portraits of his ancestors on the walls group or as a continuous line of the room. A woman of noble ancestry. Đinh Gia Hưng 2 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Gypsy, gipsy romany noun [C] to raise (your shoulders) and then lower them in a member of a race found in parts of Europe and order to express a lack of knowledge, certainty, America who travel from place to place in interest or care caravans. "Where's Dad?" "How should I know?" replied my Energy (STRENGTH) noun [U] brother, shrugging his shoulders. [T] the power and ability to be physically and "I feel sorry for homeless people, but what can I mentally active do to help them?" said Chris, shrugging. [I] Since I started eating more healthily, I've felt so Dominating adjective often disapproving full of energy She has very strong opinions and tends to be quite Performance noun dominating (= having or trying to have control The performance of a person or machine is how over people, situations, etc.) well they do a piece of work or activity. Impulsive adjective Passion (FEELING) noun Someone who is impulsive does things suddenly a very powerful feeling, for example of sexual without any planning and without considering the attraction, love, hate, anger or other emotion possible effects of what is done. (figurative) Rachel seems to be married to (= very Don't be so impulsive - think before you act. involved with) her new job at the moment, so we Unsociable adjective hardly ever see her. not enjoying social activity, not fond of being with Flamenco noun [C or U] plural flamencos people a type of Spanish dance music, or the dance Purple adjective, noun performed to this music (of) a dark reddish blue colour Ballet noun Violet (COLOUR) adjective, noun [C or U] (a theatrical work with) a type of dancing where (having) a bluish purple colour carefully organized movements tell a story or Chocolate noun express an idea a usually brown food made from cacao seeds and Henry had never been to a ballet before. [C] usually sugar, eaten on its own or used in other Troupe noun [C + singular or plural verb] food such as cakes, or a small sweet made from a group of performers such as singers or dancers this who work and travel together Cacao noun [U] Cousin first cousin noun [C] (the seeds of) a tropical tree from which chocolate a child of a person's aunt or uncle, or, more and cocoa are made generally, a distant relative, or a member of a Cocoa noun [U] group of people with similar origins a dark brown powder made from the crushed Hairdresser noun [C] beans of the tropical cacao tree, used to make a person who cuts people's hair and puts it into a chocolate and give the taste of chocolate to food style, usually working in a special shop, called a and drink hairdresser's or a hair salon Stamp (FOOT) US also stomp verb to put (a foot) down on the ground hard and quickly usually making a loud noise, often to show anger Shrug verb -gg- Đinh Gia Hưng 3 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Modern dance is a style of dance usually The election broadcast, a nine-hour marathon, performed in a theatre, which is very expressive lasts until seven o'clock in the morning. and does not have many rules for the dancer's movements. Calorie (FOOD noun [C] Related words a unit of energy which is used as a measurement Modern jazz is a type of jazz music which began for the amount of energy which food provides in the 1940s and is of an advanced level musically. There are about fifty calories in an apple. Tap (dancing) Obsessed, obsessive adjective a type of dance in which the rhythm is marked by unable to stop thinking about something; too the noise of the dancer's shoes on the floor. Special interested in or very worried about something shoes are worn which have pieces of metal fixed The government seems obsessed by the need for under them. secrecy. I did tap classes as well as ballet. Why are people so obsessed with money? They're both obsessed with the fear of getting Salsa noun AIDS. A type of popular music based on Latin American dance music. Singers and musicians often dance at Session (ACTIVITY) noun [C] the same time as they are singing and playing. a period of time or meeting arranged for a particular activity Ballroom dancing is a type of dancing where a Workout noun man and a woman dance together using steps and A period of physical exercise, e.g. when training movements to special music, such as the waltz or for a sport tango. Gymnasium gym noun [C] Waltz (DANCE) /noun [C] a large room with weights for lifting, horizontal a formal dance in which two people holding each bars and other equipment for exercising the body other move around a large room, turning as they and increasing strength go and repeating a movement of three steps, or a piece of music with three beats in a bar written for Massage verb, noun [T] this style of dancing to rub, press or hit (someone's body) with regular repeated movements, esp. in order to relax them or Jive (DANCE) noun [U] to reduce stiffness or pain in their joints or a fast dance which was very popular with young muscles people in the 1940s and 1950s I've got a dreadful ache in my neck. Would you My father taught me how to do the jive. mind massaging it for me? She gave me a wonderfully relaxing massage. [C] Marathon noun [C] a running race of slightly over 26 miles (42.195 (trademark) A jet ski is a small vehicle on which kilometres) one or two people can ride on the water and which the London/New York marathon is moved forward by a fast stream of water being She did/ran her first marathon in just under three pushed out behind it. hours. Related words Laze verb A marathon is also an activity which takes a long to rest lazily time and makes you very tired. We spent the morning just lazing (in bed). [I] Đinh Gia Hưng 4 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. HOW TO LEARN SPEAKING 1. Learn pronunciation (học phát âm) 2. Learn spoken sentence patterns (học nói theo mẫu câu) 3. Learn written and SPOKEN grammar (học ngữ pháp văn viết và LỜI NÓI) 4. Learn language functions (học chức năng lời nói (có trên 140 chức năng)) 5. Learn how to combine 2000 defining words and 1052 key concepts (học cách kết hợp 2000 từ và 1052 khái niệm cơ bản trong lời nói) 6. Read tapescripts in English course books to find how people communicate in the spoken form and identify spoken patterns and examples of spoken grammar (đọc bản văn của phần nghe trong các giáo trình tiếng Anh để xem cách diễn đạt lời nói của người giao tiếp và xác định những dạng thức lời nói và ví dụ của ngữ pháp lời nói) 7. Learn skills in English: presentation skills, negotiation skills, skills in meeting, telephoning and socializing (học các kỹ năng nói tiếng Anh: kỹ năng thuyết trình, thương lượng, hội họp, điện thoại và xã giao) 8. Learn the native speakers’ cultural way of speaking, including the “universally cultural” ways of the people in the English-speaking countries and “particularly cultural” ways of each native speakers (học cách diễn đạt mang tính văn hóa của người bản ngữ bao gồm những yếu tố văn hóa khái quát của người dân các nước nói tiếng Anh và những lối nói mang dấu ấn văn hóa của từng cá nhân bản ngữ) 9. Develop a positive attitude to learning spoken English and show essential qualities for developing speaking skills (phát triển thái độ tích cực trong việc học tiếng Anh khẩu ngữ và phát triển những phẩm chất cơ bản trong việc học các kỹ năng tiếng Anh) VOCABULARY Planet noun (saying) 'Blondes have more fun' means that a A large body in space that moves round a star, woman with lightly coloured hair is often especially round the sun considered more attractive than other women and Is there life on other planets? so has the admiring attention of more men. Feature noun [C] Diamond noun an esp. typical quality or important part an extremely hard, valuable stone which is used in High stress levels are a feature of life (= a part of jewellery, and in industry for cutting hard things, the situation that is not avoidable) for business or a shape with four straight sides of equal length executives. but with two opposite angles which are wide and Features plural noun two which are narrow Your features are the parts of your face. Her ring was set with a large diamond. [C] He has wonderful strong features. Curl noun She has very regular (= even and attractive) features. A small hanging mass of hair in a curving shape. Blonde esp. female, esp. male blond noun [C], Curl verb adjective To twist into or form a curl or curls (a person) with pale yellow or golden hair Curly Related words Having curls or tending to curl Đinh Gia Hưng 5 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Top noun a simple piece of clothing which covers the top A garment worn on the upper part of the body part of the body and which has no collar and Suit noun usually short sleeves A set of clothes made of the same material, usually I have to wear smart clothes for work all week, so including a short coat (jacket) with trousers or a at the weekend I like to wear comfortable things skirt like jeans and a T-shirt. Belt (CLOTHING) noun [C] Dress (PIECE OF CLOTHING) noun [C] a strip of leather or material worn around the waist a piece of clothing for a woman which covers the to support clothes or for decoration top half of the body and some or all of the legs She fastened her belt tightly around her waist. A scene can also be an event in real life which He had eaten so much that he had to undo his belt seems like something in a play or film. a couple of notches. When we reached the top of the mountain a scene Boot (SHOE) noun [C] of unparalleled beauty lay before us. a type of shoe that covers the whole foot and the Miss (NOT DO) verb [T] lower part of the leg to fail to do or experience (something that is often Jeans (P) planned or expected) Trousers made of DENIM (a strong, usually blue, I missed the start of the exam because my bus was late. cotton cloth), worn informally by men, women, Silly (FOOLISH) adjective -ier, -iest and children, and thought very fashionable among showing a lack of thought or judgment; foolish young people. Website , site noun [C] Sock (CLOTHES) noun [C] plural socks or US a set of pages of information on the Internet about also sox a particular subject, which have been published by a piece of clothing made from soft material which the same person or organization, and often contain covers your bare foot and lower part of the leg colour pictures, video and sound Pullover , US usually sweater, ANZ usually the internet the large system of many connected jumper noun [C] computers around the world which people use to a piece of clothing which is made of a warm communicate with each other material such as wool, has long sleeves, and is Filofax trademark , personal organizer noun [C] worn over the top part of the body and put on by a small book in which a record can be kept of pulling it over your head telephone numbers, future plans and visits, Tights UK , US and ANZ pantyhose plural noun business meetings, etc. a piece of clothing made of thin stretchy material The details of Sue's entire business and personal which covers the legs and lower part of the body lives are held between the black leather covers of below the waist, and which is worn by women and girls her Filofax. Tights are often made of nylon. A credit card is a small plastic card which can be She bought a new pair of tights. used as a method of payment, the money being Related words taken from you at a later time. In the US and Australia, tights are the same type Related words of clothing made from thicker material and worn (UK and ANZ) A credit note is a piece of paper by dancers and people doing physical exercises for which can be given by a shop when you return health. something you don't want and allows you to buy Trainer UK , UK also training shoe, US running other goods of the same value at another time. shoe noun [C] Surf (INTERNET) verb a shoe made specially for doing sport, that gives to spend time visiting a lot of websites extra support to the foot Many towns and cities have cybercafés where you T-shirt , tee shirt can surf the Internet/Net/Web. [T] I was surfing until midnight last night. [I] Cybercafé noun [C] Đinh Gia Hưng 6 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. a cafe where you can eat and drink while using Desktop (SCREEN) noun [C] specialized computers to read information on the Internet the image that appears on a computer when you use the type of computer program which makes it E-mail noun possible for you to perform several activities at the the system for using computers to send messages same time over the Internet, or a message or document sent The menu bar with its windows is one of the using this system features of the desktop. Icon (COMPUTER SYMBOL) noun [C] Click (OPERATE) verb specialized a symbol on a computer screen that you point to to (cause a computer instruction to) operate by with a mouse (= movable control device) to give pressing a button on the mouse (= movable control the computer an instruction device) of a computer Desktop (COMPUTER) adjective When you have selected the file you want, click the (of computer equipment) small enough to fit on 'Open' box. [T] the top of a desk If you want to open a file, click twice on the icon a desktop computer/machine/printer/system for it. [I] Compare laptop, notebook, palmtop. Click to create a new file. [I] Related words Desktop publishing (also DTP) is the production of finished page designs for books or other printed material, using a small computer and printer. DEVELOPING A STRATEGIC VISION FOR LEARNING ENGLISH (Phát triển tầm nhìn chiến lược trong việc học tiếng Anh) ENGLISH LEARNING AS A CULTURAL PROJECT (Học tiếng Anh - Một Dự án Văn hóa) A special project specially designed for Vietnamese students of English by Dinh Gia Hung Project objectives (mục tiêu dự án): To internalise the intellectual and cultural aspects of English language and approach idiomatic production (tiếp thu những yếu tố trí tuệ và văn hóa trong tiếng Anh và hướng đến việc sử dụng tiếng Anh như người bản ngữ) To have greater vision for students’ future global integration and get quicker access to the Information Superhighway to acquire self-learning and research for personal and professional self- actualisation (có tầm nhìn rộng lớn hơn để sinh viên có thể hòa nhập với thế giới và đi nhanh hơn vào Siêu xa lộ Thông tin để tự học tập và nghiên cứu nhằm vươn đến sự phát triển tối cao của cá nhân, đó là sự hiện thực hóa cá nhân và nghề nghiệp) 1) Logistics for collaborative learning Scarce resource sharing and management (chia sẻ và quản lý nguồn lực khan hiếm) - Equipment (thiết bị) - Materials (coursebooks, workbooks, references, online resources, CDs)(tài liệu) - Finance (cost-sharing policy) (tài chính) - Location (địa điểm) Đinh Gia Hưng 7 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. 1) Teamwork - Peer teaching (bạn bè giúp nhau học) - Delegation of responsibility (chia sẻ trách nhiệm) - Vision sharing (each student has a unique way of language expression which originates from his or her socio-cultural background and they can share their invaluable asset with their peers. This process can help group members negotiate different meanings, understand and appreciate one another’s cultural perspectives and practices) (Chia sẻ tầm nhìn: mỗi sinh viên đều có cách diễn đạt ngôn ngữ độc nhất vì khả năng đó được hình thành trong môi trường văn hóa-xã hội của riêng mình và nhóm học tập đó có thể chia sẻ tài sản vô giá đó với các bạn của mình. Tiến trình này có thể giúp cho các thành viên trong nhóm bàn luận về các ý định diễn đạt ngôn ngữ của mình để tiến tới hiểu và đánh giá cao những cách nhìn và lối thực hành văn hóa của nhau) CULTURE AS AN ICEBERG (VĂN HÓA TỰA NHƯ TẢNG BĂNG) fine arts literature drama classical music popular music folk dancing games cooking dress notions modesty conception of beauty cosmology ideals governing child-rearing rules of descent relationship to animals patterns of superior, subordinate relations definition of sin courtship practices conception of justice incentives to work notions of leadership tempo of work body language patterns of group decision-making conception of cleanliness attitudes toward the dependent theory of disease approaches to problem-solving conception of status mobility eye behaviour conception of past and future role in relation to status by age, sex, class, occupation, kinship, and so forth conversational patterns in various social contexts definition of insanity nature of friendship ordering of time conception of self patterns of visual perception social interaction rate preference for competition or cooperation notions of adolescence facial expressions notions about logic and validity patterns of handling emotions arrangement of physical space... AND MUCH, MUCH MORE..... HOW TO HAVE A CONSTRUCTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE LANGUAGE TEACHER Before holding a direct dialogue with the teacher, students should select some topics and read kinds of relevant texts written by native speakers, underline new cultural patterns or expressions (and may compare them with the Vietnamese equivalents to see interesting differences), write them down in their language journals and bring them to the class to apply using them in constructive dialogues with their teachers (Trước khi thực hành đối thoại với giáo viên, sinh viên nên chọn một vài chủ đề và tìm đọc các loại văn bản phù hợp được người bản ngữ viết, gạch dưới những mẫu hay cụm từ văn hóa mới (và có thể đối chiếu với những cụm từ tương đương trong tiếng Việt để tìm ra những điểm khác biệt thú vị), sau đó viết vào trong nhật ký ngôn ngữ của mình và đem đến lớp học để ứng dụng vào trong các hoạt động đối thoại mang tính xây dựng với giáo viên của mình)). Đinh Gia Hưng 8 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Vocabulary Software noun [U] Everest, and other mountains which only very the instructions which control what a computer experienced climbers try to climb. does; computer programs Bungee (cord) noun [C] esp. US Publicity noun [U] a stretchable cord with a hook at each end which is the activity of making certain that someone or used to hold things in place, esp. on a bicycle or car something attracts a lot of interest or attention Bungee jumping or bungy jumping is the sport from many people, or the attention received as a of jumping off a very high bridge or similar result of this activity structure with a long elastic rope tied to your legs. The concert wasn't given much advance publicity, The rope pulls you back before you hit the ground. so many tickets remained unsold. Snowboarding noun (U) Reserve (BEHAVIOUR) noun [U] the sport of riding over snow in the mountains, the habit of not showing your feelings or thoughts while standing on a long, wide board A success story is something or someone that Grave (DEATH) noun [C] achieves great success, often by making a lot of money. a place where a dead person or dead people are buried, Angela Black's biscuit company is a rare success esp. when under the ground and marked by a stone story in these times of recession. Reunite verb [T] Sweetheart noun [C] to bring together again a person you love, esp. a person with whom you reunite a divided Family/country/organization/world have a romantic or sexual relationship Sarah was finally reunited with her children at the airport. Original adjective esp. approving Spectacular also means unusually great. not the same as anything or anyone else and He turned out to be a spectacular success in his job. therefore special and interesting Koala noun [C] His essay was full of original ideas. an Australian animal which lives in trees and looks Pregnant (FEMALE) adjective [not gradable] like a small bear with grey fur (of a woman and some female animals) having Lighthouse noun [C] plural lighthouses young developing inside the womb a tower or other tall structure by the sea with a She's five and a half months pregnant. flashing light at the top to warn ships of dangerous Access noun [U] rocks or to show them the way into a port the method or possibility of approaching a place or Scenery (COUNTRYSIDE) noun [U] person, or the right to use or look at something the general appearance of natural surroundings, The only access to the village is by boat. esp. when these are beautiful If you are in touch with someone, you see them or are Formation noun [C] involved with them in some other way regularly. A formation is the way something is naturally Are you still in touch with your school friends? made or the way it has been arranged. No, we haven't kept in touch. Apostle noun [C] We're in daily/weekly/close touch with our office any of the twelve followers of Jesus Christ whom in Spain. he chose to teach other people about Christianity, Trek verb [I usually + adverb or preposition] -kk-to or someone who strongly supports a particular walk a long distance, usually over land such as belief or political movement hills, mountains or forests Overtake (GO PAST) verb past simple overtook, We spent the day trekking through forests and over past participle overtaken mountains. to go beyond (something) by being a greater Himalayas amount or degree, or (UK and ANZ) to come from A long range of mountains in S Asia which behind (another vehicle or a person) and move in includes the highest mountain in the world, Mount front of it (US pass) Đinh Gia Hưng 9 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Further reading SkyTrain (Vancouver) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The SkyTrain in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada is an urban Advanced Rapid Transit system operating two lines, the Expo Line and the Millennium Line. The system runs principally on elevated tracks (hence the name). It uses fully automated trains with no human drivers on board, and has had no derailments or collisions in its history. With 33 stations, it moves over 220,000 people a day along the 49.5 km (30.8 mi) of track. Built in time for the Expo 86 World's Fair, it is the world's longest automated light rapid transit system and it uses the world's longest mass transit-only bridge, the SkyBridge. The system uses the same family of linear induction motor-driven trains as the Scarborough RT line in Toronto, the Putra LRT in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the Detroit People Mover in Detroit, and the JFK AirTrain in New York City. Construction of the Canada Line began in November 2005. The Evergreen Line, as of 2007, is in its planning stages. The former will be complete in 2009, and the latter in 2011. The Canada Line will run from downtown Vancouver to Richmond, with a branch to the airport. The Evergreen Line, a light-rapid-transit line, will run from Lougheed Town Centre to Coquitlam Town Centre. SkyTrain operates on a proof-of-payment fare system and is policed by the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority Police Service. Passengers are subject to random fare inspections. TransLink believes it loses about CAD$6 million in unpaid fares annually. In addition to the police force, stations are patrolled by SkyTrain attendants, who can perform first aid and provide customer assistance. Vocabulary: Urban adjective [before noun] of or in a city or town Automate verb [T] to make (esp. a process in a Rapid adjective quick or sudden factory or office) operate by machines or System (SET) noun [C] a set of connected items computers, so reducing the amount of work done or devices which operate together by humans and the time taken to do the work Transit noun [U] the movement of goods or Massive investment is needed to automate the people from one place to another production process. The question is whether road transit is cheaper Derail verb [T] to cause (esp. a train) to fall off than rail. the tracks it was travelling on Operate (WORK) verb to (cause to) work, be in Collide verb [I] (esp. of moving objects) to hit action or have an effect (something) violently He took the machine to pieces to try and find out The two vans collided (with each other) at the crossroads. how it operated. [I] Fair (PUBLIC EVENT) noun [C] a large public Principal (MAIN) adjective [before noun; not event where goods are bought and sold, usually from gradable] first in order of importance tables which have been specially arranged for the Elevate verb [T] formal to raise or lift up, or event, and where there is often entertainment (figurative) to make more important or to improve Mass (INVOLVING MANY) adjective [before Track: a railway line noun; not gradable] having an effect on or Hence (THEREFORE) adverb [not gradable] involving a large number of people or forming a formal that is the reason or explanation for; therefore large amount His mother was Italian, hence his name - Luca. Đinh Gia Hưng 10 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. France has the fastest mass transit rail system in We assisted the firefighters in extinguishing the the world. blaze. [T] Induction (ELECTRICITY) noun [U] specialized You will be expected to assist (the editor) with the the giving of electrical power from one object to selection of illustrations for the dictionary. [I] another without the objects touching an induction motor MY REFLECTIONS (CẢM NGHĨ CỦA TÔI): Linear (LINES) adjective consisting of or to do with lines To me, English is like a highly enigmatic woman Motor (DEVICE) noun [C] a device that changes or lover. It has an irresistible attraction for me and electricity or fuel into movement and makes a perhaps for many other people. We can never get machine work or (esp. US) a vehicle move to the heart – the deep culture – of English, but we Construct verb [T] to build; to put together are strongly aware that at least we are happy to go different parts to form (a whole) on the way to its centre (đối với tôi, tiếng Anh tựa Stage (PART) noun [C] a part of an activity or a như một người phụ nữ hay một người yêu thật period of development huyền bí. Thứ tiếng này có một hấp lực mà tôi và A branch line is a railway that goes from the main có lẽ nhiều người khác cảm thấy khó cưỡng nổi. railway to small towns and countryside areas. Chúng ta chẳng bao giờ có thể chiếm được trái Proof (SHOWING TRUTH) noun one or more tim - nền văn hóa sâu ngầm - của nàng tiếng Anh, reasons for believing that something is or is not true nhưng chúng ta có ý thức rõ ràng là ít nhất chúng Do they have any proof that it was Hampson who ta cũng cảm thấy vui được đi trên con đường đến stole the goods? [U + that clause] gặp nàng). Fare (PAYMENT) noun [C] the money that you pay for a journey on a vehicle such as a bus or train Let’s walk along our path . Let English arouse Train fares are going up again, unfortunately. our grand passion! The path may wind, zig-zag or Police verb [T] If a public event or area is policed, has a lot of gentle, hairpin or sharp bends, so let’s it is controlled or guarded by members of the go together, get together! Unexpected things police or a similar force. blocking our way will turn out to be our culturally The march will be heavily policed by an anti-riot unit. intriguing friends. Let’s set off every early Random adjective happening, done, or chosen morning, take steps and make sure nobody is left by chance rather than according to a plan behind (Chúng ta hãy tiến bước trên đường nhé . We asked a random selection of people what they thought. Hãy để tiếng Anh khơi dậy niềm say mê trong ta! Inspect verb [T] to look at (something or Con đường học tiếng Anh có thể ngoằn ngoèo someone) carefully in order to discover hoặc có nhiều đoạn cong thoai thoải, đoạn cong information, esp. about quality or correctness ngoặt hoặc tay áo, nên chúng ta hãy phối hợp tiến Add verb to put (something) with something else to bước! Những điều bất ngờ ngăn trở chúng ta sẽ increase the number or amount or to improve the whole hóa thành những người bạn có những nét văn hóa Beat the butter and sugar together and slowly add thú vị. Nào các bạn, ngày nào chúng ta cũng khởi the eggs. [T] hành vào buổi ban mai, hãy bước đi trên con Patrol verb -ll- (esp. of soldiers or the police) to đường Anh ngữ và đừng để ai lại đằng sau nhé). go around (an area or a building), usually regularly, to see if there is any trouble or danger An attendant is also someone whose job is to be in a place and help visitors or customers. First aid is basic medical treatment which is given to someone as soon as possible after they have been hurt in an accident or suddenly become ill. Did you learn any first aid at school? Assist verb formal to help Đinh Gia Hưng 11 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Giảng viên Đại học Đà Nẵng (DNU) Trợ lý Văn hóa, Đại sứ quán Hoa Kỳ (USE) Your full name: Your telephone number: your email address: 1) Can you tell me something special about yourself? --------------------------------- 2) What are your hobbies (what do you like to do in your free time)? -------------------------- 3) Do you often surf the Internet when you feel bored? --------------- 4) Do you like to speak English in front of people? ---------------------------------------------------------------- 5) What are you good at in learning English? ------------------------- 6) What are your dreams in your life? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7) What is your ideal classmate? ------------------------------------- 8) Do you have any strange habits? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 9) Do you have unspoken thoughts? ------------------------------------ 10) What would happen if we knew one another’s secret thoughts? ------------------------------------------------------------ Let’s stand up and find your ideal classmate by asking five of your classmates at random (without any plan) the following questions (and your own questions): Do you have a large circle of friends? What do you often do together? (circle: a group of people connected in an informal way by common interests) How often do you borrow money from your close friends? Do you think that men and women can be lifelong friends? If yes, how? Do you think that we can help each other in learning English? Do you think that learning English is like doing a special cultural project? (project: a piece of planned work or activity which is completed over a period of time and intended to achieve a particular aim (cultural project: dự án văn hóa)) What do you think about the phrase “It is better to give than to receive”? Are you easy to please? If yes, give an example? Do you make anybody your idol(s)? (idol: a person who is greatly loved, admired or respected (film, football, pop, rock, sports, teen idols) Are you willing to cooperate with people in doing things? (cooperate: to act or work together for a particular purpose, or to help someone willingly when help is requested) Do you think that we can do anything in life if we really want to? Đinh Gia Hưng Giảng viên Đại học Đà Nẵng Trợ lý Văn hóa, Đại sứ quán Hoa Kỳ, Hà Nội email@example.com 0914 622 207 Đinh Gia Hưng 12 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Justice noun [U] There's no justice (= fairness) in Cellar noun [C] a room under the ground floor the world when people can be made to suffer like that. of a building, usually used for storage Fairness noun [U] Fairness is the quality of Memorial noun [C] an object, often large and treating people equally or in a way that is right or made of stone, which has been built to honour a reasonable. famous person or event He had a real sense of fairness and hated The statue was erected as a memorial to all the injustice. people who died in the war. Revenge noun [U] harm done to someone as a Thousands of people go to visit the Vietnam punishment for harm that they have done to Veterans Memorial in Washington every year. someone else; vengeance A war memorial is a large structure, made esp. of She took/got/exacted (her) revenge on him for stone, which is built in honour of those people leaving her by smashing up his car. who died in a particular war. He is believed to have been shot by a rival gang in Scissors plural noun a device used for cutting revenge for the shootings last week. materials such as paper, cloth and hair, consisting of The semi-final will be a chance for the losing team two sharp blades which are joined in the middle in a to get their revenge on the winning team (for their way that allows them to move against each other earlier defeat). Suit (SET OF CLOTHES) noun [C] a set of Related words (saying) "Revenge is sweet" clothes made of the same material which are means it is satisfying to do harm to someone who intended to be worn together has done harm to you. Tidy (ORDERED) adjective -ier, -iest Vengeance noun [U] (of appearance or behaviour) looking well ordered the punishing of someone for harming you or your and cared for friends or family, or the desire for such Background (THINGS BEHIND) noun punishment to happen the things that can be seen or heard behind other On the day after the terrorist attack, the overall things that are closer or louder mood in the town was one of vengeance. Nightclub , informal nightspot noun [C] Avenge verb [T] to do harm to or punish the person a place which is open until late at night where responsible for (something bad done to you or your people can go to drink and dance and often see family or friends) in order to achieve a fair situation some type of entertainment She killed her father to avenge her mother/her Furious (ANGRY) adjective extremely angry mother's suffering. He was furious with me. Scotland's stunning victory avenged last year's The passengers are furious about/at being kept humiliating defeat by Wales. [T] waiting. The cyclist avenged herself on the dangerous Gordon was furious that I borrowed his car driver by reporting him to the police. without asking him. Affair (RELATIONSHIP) noun [C] Note (WRITING) noun [C]a short piece of writing a sexual relationship, esp. a secret one He left a note to say he would be home late. She's having an affair with a married man. Post esp. UK, ANZ also , US and ANZ usually Pot (CONTAINER) noun [C] any of various mail verb [T] To post a parcel or letter is to send types of usually round container, esp. one made of it by post. clay, metal or glass Did you remember to post my letter? Pour (CAUSE TO FLOW) verb to make (a Shoplifting noun [U] the illegal act of taking substance) flow from a container, esp. into another goods from a shop without paying for them container, by raising just one side of the container Jewellery UK and ANZ, US jewelry noun [U] that the substance is in Jewellery is decorative objects worn on clothes or Would you like me to pour you some more wine? on the body which are usually made from valuable [+ two objects] metals, such as gold and silver, and which usually contain precious stones. Đinh Gia Hưng 13 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. Tourists have been advised not to wear expensive Witch noun [C] a woman who is believed to jewellery in public places or they will become easy have magical powers and who uses them to harm targets for thieves. or help other people Usher (GUIDE) noun [C] a person who shows Kiss verb to touch with your lips, esp. as a people where they should sit, esp. at a formal greeting, or to press your mouth onto another event such as a wedding person's mouth in a sexual way Tip (PAYMENT) noun [C] a small amount of Pond noun [C] an area of water smaller than a money given to someone who has provided you lake, often artificially made with a service, in addition to the official payment She has a duck pond at the bottom of her garden. and for their personal use Sauce (THICK LIQUID) noun Mystery noun A mystery is also a book, film a thick liquid eaten with food to add flavour or play, esp. about a crime or a murder, with a a savoury/sweet sauce [C] surprise ending which explains all the strange A well-flavoured sauce can improve an ordinary meal. [C] events that have happened. He puts tomato sauce on everything he eats. [U] I really enjoy murder mysteries. (saying) 'What's sauce for the goose is sauce for Stage (THEATRE) noun [C] the area in a theatre the gander' means if one person is allowed to which is often raised above ground level and on behave in a particular way, then another person which actors or entertainers perform can behave in that way too. He stood in the middle of the stage and looked out Gander (BIRD) noun [C] a male goose at the audience. Goose (BIRD) a bird like a duck but larger. There Row (LINE) noun [C] a line of things, people, are various different types of goose. animals, etc. arranged next to each other Geese often fly in a V-shaped formation. [C] They were holding hands in the back row (= line The female bird is called a goose: the male bird is of seats) of the cinema. called a gander. Whisper verb to speak or say very quietly using Extreme (GREAT) adjective very great the breath but not the voice, so that other people Rainbow (ARCH) noun [C] a many-coloured arch cannot hear you seen in the sky when rain is falling and the sun is shining (figurative) It is whispered (= People have Desert (SANDY AREA) noun suggested in secret) that she has another man! [+ (a large area of) land covered with sand or rocks, that clause] where there is very little rain and not many plants Frog (ANIMAL) noun [C] a small animal which Planet noun [C] an extremely large round mass has smooth skin, lives in water and on land, has of rock and metal, such as Earth, or of gas, such as long powerful back legs with which it jumps from Jupiter, which moves in a circular path around the place to place, has no tail, and is usually greenish- Sun or another star brown in colour Glacier noun [C] a large mass of ice which moves If someone has a frog in their throat, they have slowly esp. down the side of a mountain, causing the difficulty in speaking because their throat feels dry. formation of features on the land such as valleys Castle noun [C] a large strong building, built in Volcano noun [C] plural volcanoes or volcanos the past by a ruler or important person to protect a mountain with a large circular hole at the top the people inside from attack through which lava (= hot liquid rock), gases, Nowadays a castle in Scotland can cost almost the steam and dust are or have been forced out same as a flat in London. Cliff noun [C] a high area of rock with a very Princess noun [C] an important female member steep side, often on a coast of a royal family, esp. a daughter or granddaughter Don't go too close to the edge of the cliff - you of a king and queen, or the wife of a prince might fall. Evil immoral, or cruel, or very unpleasant Drought noun a long period when there is little If someone has an evil tongue, they tend to say or no rain unpleasant things about other people. Plain (LAND) noun [U] a large area of flat land Đinh Gia Hưng 14 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. They live in a farm on the plain. Mother nature is another word for nature, used High mountains rise above the plain. esp. humorously and when considering it as a force Monsoon noun [C] the season of heavy rain that controls the weather and all living things. during the summer in hot Asian countries It is better to try to work with, rather than against, The failure of the monsoon would destroy harvests Mother Nature. on which 1000 million people rely. Chapel noun [C] a room within a larger building Bubble noun [C] a ball of air in a liquid or a which is used for Christian worship, or (esp. UK) delicate hollow sphere floating on top of a liquid a building which is used for Christian worship by or in the air Christians who do not belong to the Church of As water begins to boil, bubbles rise ever faster to England or the Roman Catholic Church the surface. Gallery (BUILDING) noun [C] Grace (BEAUTY) noun [U] a quality of simple, a room or building which is used for showing natural beauty, esp. of movement or form works of art, sometimes so that they can be sold Joanna has natural grace and elegance. Reindeer noun [C] plural reindeer The skaters moved over the ice with a smooth, a type of deer with large horns, which lives in the effortless grace northern parts of Europe, Asia and America Cave noun [C] a large hole in the side of a hill, A sleeping bag is a large thick bag for sleeping in. cliff or mountain, or one that is underground Cube (SHAPE) noun [C] a solid object with six Wondrous adjective formal surprisingly good square sides of equal size Our new improved face-cream has wondrous Interior noun [C] the inside part of something effects on tired-looking skin. Unique adjective [not gradable] being the only Behave verb to act in a particular way, or to be good existing one of its type or, more generally, unusual by acting in a way which has society's approval or special in some way She always behaves well/badly when her aunts Situate verb [T usually + adverb or preposition] come to visit. [I] to put in a particular position You must behave (yourself) at the party! [I or T] They plan to situate their vegetable garden temperature noun between the fence and the trees. the measured amount of heat in a place or in the body To understand this issue, it must first be situated in Celsius (centigrade) a temperature scale in which its context. water freezes at 0o and boils at 100o Cheque UK and ANZ, US check noun [C] Ton (WEIGHT) noun [C] plural tons or ton a printed form, used instead of money, to make a unit of weight for measuring large amounts payments from your bank account Melt verb to (cause to) turn from something solid Smart (STYLISH) adjective -er, -est UK and into something soft or liquid ANZ, or US dated The spring sun usually melts the snow by mid having a clean, tidy and stylish appearance March. [T] It was so hot the butter started to melt. [I] Do you want to learn 1,000,000.00 model (figurative) He only has to look at her, and she sentences in English? Is it a big project for your melts (= her feelings soften). [I] whole life? Let’s think seriously about my Involve verb [T] to include (someone or questions because they will affect your future life something) in something, or to make them take in extremely amazing ways! (Bạn có muốn học part in or feel part of it một triệu mẫu câu trong tiếng Anh không? Có The second accident involved two cars and a phải đó là một dự án lớn trong cuộc đời bạn lorry. không? Hãy suy nghĩ nghiêm chỉnh về điều này Do we need to involve someone from the computer bởi vì nó sẽ ảnh hưởng đầy ngạc nhiên đến cuộc department at this stage in our discussions? đời tương lai của bạn!). The four men were all involved in organising and carrying out the murders. [+ object + verb-ing] Đinh Gia Hưng 15 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. (saying) 'All work and no play (makes Jack a dull boy)' means that someone who works all of PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND the time will become boring and uninteresting. INTERESTS: unwind (RELAX) (past unwound), wind down verb [I] to relax and let your mind be free from 1. Teaching English language skills: anxiety after a period of work or some other activity that has made you anxious Listening, speaking, reading and chore [C] a job or piece of work which is often writing boring or unpleasant but needs to be done regularly 2. Teaching TOEFL, TOEIC and chat [I] to talk to someone in a friendly informal way IELTS slush(y) (a glass of) a drink made with crushed ice 3. Teaching grammar of written and and a sweet liquid (crush: to press (something) very spoken English hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed) flavour UK and ANZ, US and ANZ flavor noun 4. Teaching ESP, including English for a taste or quality; socialize, UK and ANZ usually -ise Information Technology, verb [I] To socialize is to spend the time, when you are International Finance and Banking, not working, with friends or with other people in order to Tourism and Hotel Industry enjoy yourself. 5. Teaching Business English skills: (informal) Take it easy (= Relax and do not get Presentation, negotiation, meeting, upset)! Let's not start any trouble. Phoenix: the capital and largest city of Arizona, telephoning and socializing US, known as a place that is extremely hot, where 6. Teaching debating and critical many old people go to live, and also as a city that thinking skills in English is growing quickly. 7. Researching Cultural Studies in A graphic designer deals with the typography (= English language education (culture style of printing) of printed work, esp. books. and language, multiculturalism in A (computer) programmer is a person whose job is to produce computer programs. language education, cultural patterns scuba diving noun [U] the sport of swimming in language and cognition, cross- under water with special breathing equipment cultural, intercultural leisure noun [U] the time when you are not communication, Cultural Studies and working or doing other duties English as a new (inter)discipline in A time zone is one of 24 equal parts into which the Vietnam world is divided. In any place within each part, the particular point in the day is the same, and is an hour 8. Translating themes in culture, in front of or behind that in the parts on either side. education and arts into Vietnamese meteorology noun [U] the scientific study of the 9. Writing articles on English language processes that cause particular weather conditions teaching, comparative linguistics, (informal) Will you keep an/your eye on (= watch multicultural education, carefully) my suitcase while I go to get the tickets? development of national culture and attic, loft noun [C] the space or room at the top of a building, under the roof, often used for storing things cultural projects A night shift is a group of workers who work for 10.Reading widely in Cultural Studies a period during the night, or the period for which as a discipline they work. yoga noun [U] a set of physical and mental exercises, Indian in origin, which is intended to give control over the body and mind range (LIMIT) noun [U] a set of similar things Đinh Gia Hưng 16 firstname.lastname@example.org Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE. God bless you, my dear students! Let’s place MY REFLECTION: unshakeable faith in yourselves and English. Hãy ngước nhìn những vì sao ban đêm, có phải chúng luôn rực rỡ và mời gọi không các bạn? Con người luôn ước mơ đến những vì sao, muốn chắp cánh bay khỏi không gian chật hẹp của mình để đến những chân trời mới. Ngôn ngữ có thể giúp bạn phần nào đạt được những ước mơ tương lai, nên tôi luôn mong các bạn luôn trân trọng những “cuộc gặp gỡ giữa bạn và tiếng Anh” đã qua, trân trọng những hành trình bạn đã trải qua như những lần gặp gỡ người mình thương yêu. Hãy nhìn về tương lai với đôi mắt sâu xa và sáng trong của mình. Bạn hãy cho mình một niềm tin rằng bạn sẽ làm chủ tiếng Anh, qua đó bạn sẽ có cơ hội vàng làm phong phú thêm tâm hồn mình, sẽ có lúc mình đủ khả năng tiếp thu các nền văn hóa vĩ đại khác của nhân loại, biến mình thành một con người đa văn hóa, luôn rộng mở, có trí tuệ quốc tế và sẵn sàng kết nối với thế giới bao la và tốt đẹp này. Đó chẳng phải là những mơ ước của bạn sao? It’s wonderful to be as young as you. Bạn hãy bắt đầu suy nghĩ sâu sắc và tiến hành chuẩn bị các dự án lớn cho cuộc đời mình đi. In my opinion, life never ends when we begin with positive attitudes. English can offer you important values and visions for your future productive and meaningful life. Khi các bạn học tiếng Anh đến một mức độ cao, các bạn có thể vượt qua những biên giới nhận thức để đến những “thiên đàng tri thức bất ngờ”. Để đến được nơi chốn mơ ước đó, bạn hãy yêu lấy những giây phút “cực nhọc, tra tấn” trong quá trình ban đầu học tiếng Anh của mình, qua đó, bạn sẽ phát hiện được những vẻ đẹp của tiếng Anh, bạn sẽ “rung động” trước vẻ huyền bí của Nàng. Life goes on. It doesn’t wait for anybody, so let’s go on with life and living English. Các bạn hãy bắt đầu cuộc hành trình đến tâm điểm tiếng Anh. Đây là một cuộc Trường Chinh vĩ đại (Long March) trong cuộc đời bạn. English is for you. It’s always there for you like a faithful lover. I am sure all of you will build beautiful and happy life with it. Đinh Gia Hưng 17 email@example.com Lecturer in English, DNU 0914622207 Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
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