learn how to say things by mimiki92


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									Đinh Gia Hưng                                                       1                ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                   0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

I. Define everything in English using a special list of 2000 words
        For example:
          Flexible: 1) that can bend or be bent easily.
                        2) that can change or be changed to be suitable for new needs, changed
         conditions etc.
          Bend:          1) to force into a curve, angle, or sloping position, away from a straight or
                          upright position.
          Curve: 1) a line of which no part is straight and which contains no angles.
          Angle: 1) the space between two lines or surfaces that meet or cross each other,
                          measured in degrees that represent the amount of a circle that can fit into
                          that space.
        and go on this way until you use up 2000 words to say nearly anything in English!
II. Learn key concepts in English using a special list of 1052 words
        For example:
           comfort/make sb feel better:
           Comfort: to comfort someone, for example by talking to them or putting your arms around them.
           Console: to comfort someone when they feel unhappy or disappointed, especially by saying
                         something that makes them realize the situation is not so bad.
           Reassure: to make someone feel less worried or frightened about a situation, for example by
                         being friendly to them or by telling them there is nothing to worry about.
           Soothe:      to make someone feel more calm and relaxed when they are upset, anxious, or nervous.
II. Learn a word in its entire collocations.
        For example:
          Love (n): - adjectives + love: deep, great, overwhelming, passionate/genuine, pure, real, true/
                                             unconditional/abiding (không thay đổi), eternal, undying/hopeless,
                                             unrequited (không được đền đáp)/thwarted (bị ngăn trở)/mutual/free/
                                             first/parental, sisterly/courtly (kiểu hiệp sĩ Trung cổ), platonic (lý
                                             tưởng thuần khiết), romantic, erotic (tình ái, tình dục), physical,
                                             sexual/heterosexual, homosexual, lesbian/redemptive (dùng để cứu
                                             vãn)/divine (thần thánh, thiêng liêng), human.
                      - verbs + love:        feel, have/search for, seek/find/express, show/declare, profess (bày
                                             tỏ)/promise/return/share/give sb, send (sb)/be in, fall in, fall out of
                      - love + noun:          affair/life/letter/scene, song, story.
                      - prepositions:        for/out of ~, in~, ~between, ~for, ~of.
                      - phrases:             an act of love, deeply/madly/passionately in love, desperately/
                                             hopelessly in love, head over heels in love, love at first sight, the
                                             love of sb’s life.

Ancestor noun [C]                                             Studies suggest that life originated only once, from
a person, plant, animal or object that is related to          a single ancestor.
one existing at a later point in time                         Ancestry: a person’s ancestors considered as a
There were portraits of his ancestors on the walls            group or as a continuous line
of the room.                                                  A woman of noble ancestry.
Đinh Gia Hưng                                               2               ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                          0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Gypsy, gipsy romany noun [C]                          to raise (your shoulders) and then lower them in
a member of a race found in parts of Europe and       order to express a lack of knowledge, certainty,
America who travel from place to place in             interest or care
caravans.                                             "Where's Dad?" "How should I know?" replied my
Energy (STRENGTH) noun [U]                            brother, shrugging his shoulders. [T]
the power and ability to be physically and            "I feel sorry for homeless people, but what can I
mentally active                                       do to help them?" said Chris, shrugging. [I]
Since I started eating more healthily, I've felt so   Dominating adjective often disapproving
full of energy                                        She has very strong opinions and tends to be quite
Performance noun                                      dominating (= having or trying to have control
The performance of a person or machine is how         over people, situations, etc.)
well they do a piece of work or activity.             Impulsive adjective
Passion (FEELING) noun                                Someone who is impulsive does things suddenly
a very powerful feeling, for example of sexual        without any planning and without considering the
attraction, love, hate, anger or other emotion        possible effects of what is done.
(figurative) Rachel seems to be married to (= very    Don't be so impulsive - think before you act.
involved with) her new job at the moment, so we       Unsociable adjective
hardly ever see her.                                  not enjoying social activity, not fond of being with
Flamenco noun [C or U] plural flamencos               people
a type of Spanish dance music, or the dance           Purple adjective, noun
performed to this music                               (of) a dark reddish blue colour
Ballet noun                                           Violet (COLOUR) adjective, noun [C or U]
(a theatrical work with) a type of dancing where      (having) a bluish purple colour
carefully organized movements tell a story or         Chocolate noun
express an idea                                       a usually brown food made from cacao seeds and
Henry had never been to a ballet before. [C]          usually sugar, eaten on its own or used in other
Troupe noun [C + singular or plural verb]             food such as cakes, or a small sweet made from
a group of performers such as singers or dancers      this
who work and travel together                          Cacao noun [U]
Cousin first cousin noun [C]                          (the seeds of) a tropical tree from which chocolate
a child of a person's aunt or uncle, or, more         and cocoa are made
generally, a distant relative, or a member of a       Cocoa noun [U]
group of people with similar origins                  a dark brown powder made from the crushed
Hairdresser noun [C]                                  beans of the tropical cacao tree, used to make
a person who cuts people's hair and puts it into a    chocolate and give the taste of chocolate to food
style, usually working in a special shop, called a    and drink
hairdresser's or a hair salon
Stamp (FOOT) US also stomp verb
to put (a foot) down on the ground hard and
quickly usually making a loud noise, often to show
Shrug verb -gg-
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                 3               ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                            0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Modern dance is a style of dance usually                The election broadcast, a nine-hour marathon,
performed in a theatre, which is very expressive        lasts until seven o'clock in the morning.
and does not have many rules for the dancer's
movements.                                              Calorie (FOOD noun [C]
Related words                                           a unit of energy which is used as a measurement
Modern jazz is a type of jazz music which began         for the amount of energy which food provides
in the 1940s and is of an advanced level musically.     There are about fifty calories in an apple.

Tap (dancing)                                           Obsessed, obsessive adjective
a type of dance in which the rhythm is marked by        unable to stop thinking about something; too
the noise of the dancer's shoes on the floor. Special   interested in or very worried about something
shoes are worn which have pieces of metal fixed         The government seems obsessed by the need for
under them.                                             secrecy.
I did tap classes as well as ballet.                    Why are people so obsessed with money?
                                                        They're both obsessed with the fear of getting
Salsa noun                                              AIDS.
A type of popular music based on Latin American
dance music. Singers and musicians often dance at       Session (ACTIVITY) noun [C]
the same time as they are singing and playing.          a period of time or meeting arranged for a
                                                        particular activity

Ballroom dancing is a type of dancing where a           Workout noun
man and a woman dance together using steps and          A period of physical exercise, e.g. when training
movements to special music, such as the waltz or        for a sport
                                                        Gymnasium gym noun [C]
Waltz (DANCE) /noun [C]                                 a large room with weights for lifting, horizontal
a formal dance in which two people holding each         bars and other equipment for exercising the body
other move around a large room, turning as they         and increasing strength
go and repeating a movement of three steps, or a
piece of music with three beats in a bar written for    Massage verb, noun [T]
this style of dancing                                   to rub, press or hit (someone's body) with regular
                                                        repeated movements, esp. in order to relax them or
Jive (DANCE) noun [U]                                   to reduce stiffness or pain in their joints or
a fast dance which was very popular with young          muscles
people in the 1940s and 1950s                           I've got a dreadful ache in my neck. Would you
My father taught me how to do the jive.                 mind massaging it for me?
                                                        She gave me a wonderfully relaxing massage. [C]
Marathon noun [C]
a running race of slightly over 26 miles (42.195        (trademark) A jet ski is a small vehicle on which
kilometres)                                             one or two people can ride on the water and which
the London/New York marathon                            is moved forward by a fast stream of water being
She did/ran her first marathon in just under three      pushed out behind it.
Related words                                           Laze verb
A marathon is also an activity which takes a long       to rest lazily
time and makes you very tired.                          We spent the morning just lazing (in bed). [I]
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                   4               ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                              0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

                                      HOW TO LEARN SPEAKING

    1. Learn pronunciation (học phát âm)
    2. Learn spoken sentence patterns (học nói theo mẫu câu)
    3. Learn written and SPOKEN grammar (học ngữ pháp văn viết và LỜI NÓI)
    4. Learn language functions (học chức năng lời nói (có trên 140 chức năng))
    5. Learn how to combine 2000 defining words and 1052 key concepts (học cách kết hợp 2000 từ và
       1052 khái niệm cơ bản trong lời nói)
    6. Read tapescripts in English course books to find how people communicate in the spoken form and
       identify spoken patterns and examples of spoken grammar (đọc bản văn của phần nghe trong các giáo
       trình tiếng Anh để xem cách diễn đạt lời nói của người giao tiếp và xác định những dạng thức lời nói
       và ví dụ của ngữ pháp lời nói)
    7. Learn skills in English: presentation skills, negotiation skills, skills in meeting, telephoning and
       socializing (học các kỹ năng nói tiếng Anh: kỹ năng thuyết trình, thương lượng, hội họp, điện thoại và
       xã giao)
    8. Learn the native speakers’ cultural way of speaking, including the “universally cultural” ways of the
       people in the English-speaking countries and “particularly cultural” ways of each native speakers (học
       cách diễn đạt mang tính văn hóa của người bản ngữ bao gồm những yếu tố văn hóa khái quát của
       người dân các nước nói tiếng Anh và những lối nói mang dấu ấn văn hóa của từng cá nhân bản ngữ)
    9. Develop a positive attitude to learning spoken English and show essential qualities for developing
       speaking skills (phát triển thái độ tích cực trong việc học tiếng Anh khẩu ngữ và phát triển những
       phẩm chất cơ bản trong việc học các kỹ năng tiếng Anh)

Planet noun                                               (saying) 'Blondes have more fun' means that a
A large body in space that moves round a star,            woman with lightly coloured hair is often
especially round the sun                                  considered more attractive than other women and
Is there life on other planets?                           so has the admiring attention of more men.
Feature noun [C]                                          Diamond noun
an esp. typical quality or important part                 an extremely hard, valuable stone which is used in
High stress levels are a feature of life (= a part of     jewellery, and in industry for cutting hard things,
the situation that is not avoidable) for business         or a shape with four straight sides of equal length
executives.                                               but with two opposite angles which are wide and
Features plural noun                                      two which are narrow
Your features are the parts of your face.                 Her ring was set with a large diamond. [C]
He has wonderful strong features.                         Curl noun
She has very regular (= even and attractive) features.    A small hanging mass of hair in a curving shape.
Blonde esp. female, esp. male blond noun [C],             Curl verb
adjective                                                 To twist into or form a curl or curls
(a person) with pale yellow or golden hair                Curly
Related words                                             Having curls or tending to curl
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                 5                ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                             0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Top noun                                                a simple piece of clothing which covers the top
A garment worn on the upper part of the body            part of the body and which has no collar and
Suit noun                                               usually short sleeves
A set of clothes made of the same material, usually     I have to wear smart clothes for work all week, so
including a short coat (jacket) with trousers or a      at the weekend I like to wear comfortable things
skirt                                                   like jeans and a T-shirt.
Belt (CLOTHING) noun [C]                                Dress (PIECE OF CLOTHING) noun [C]
a strip of leather or material worn around the waist    a piece of clothing for a woman which covers the
to support clothes or for decoration                    top half of the body and some or all of the legs
She fastened her belt tightly around her waist.         A scene can also be an event in real life which
He had eaten so much that he had to undo his belt       seems like something in a play or film.
a couple of notches.                                    When we reached the top of the mountain a scene
Boot (SHOE) noun [C]                                    of unparalleled beauty lay before us.
a type of shoe that covers the whole foot and the       Miss (NOT DO) verb [T]
lower part of the leg                                   to fail to do or experience (something that is often
Jeans (P)                                               planned or expected)
Trousers made of DENIM (a strong, usually blue,         I missed the start of the exam because my bus was late.
cotton cloth), worn informally by men, women,           Silly (FOOLISH) adjective -ier, -iest
and children, and thought very fashionable among        showing a lack of thought or judgment; foolish
young people.                                           Website , site noun [C]
Sock (CLOTHES) noun [C] plural socks or US              a set of pages of information on the Internet about
also sox                                                a particular subject, which have been published by
a piece of clothing made from soft material which       the same person or organization, and often contain
covers your bare foot and lower part of the leg         colour pictures, video and sound
Pullover , US usually sweater, ANZ usually              the internet the large system of many connected
jumper noun [C]                                         computers around the world which people use to
a piece of clothing which is made of a warm             communicate with each other
material such as wool, has long sleeves, and is         Filofax trademark , personal organizer noun [C]
worn over the top part of the body and put on by        a small book in which a record can be kept of
pulling it over your head                               telephone numbers, future plans and visits,
Tights UK , US and ANZ pantyhose plural noun            business meetings, etc.
a piece of clothing made of thin stretchy material      The details of Sue's entire business and personal
which covers the legs and lower part of the body        lives are held between the black leather covers of
below the waist, and which is worn by women and girls   her Filofax.
Tights are often made of nylon.                         A credit card is a small plastic card which can be
She bought a new pair of tights.                        used as a method of payment, the money being
Related words                                           taken from you at a later time.
In the US and Australia, tights are the same type       Related words
of clothing made from thicker material and worn         (UK and ANZ) A credit note is a piece of paper
by dancers and people doing physical exercises for      which can be given by a shop when you return
health.                                                 something you don't want and allows you to buy
Trainer UK , UK also training shoe, US running          other goods of the same value at another time.
shoe noun [C]                                           Surf (INTERNET) verb
a shoe made specially for doing sport, that gives       to spend time visiting a lot of websites
extra support to the foot                               Many towns and cities have cybercafés where you
T-shirt , tee shirt                                     can surf the Internet/Net/Web. [T]
                                                        I was surfing until midnight last night. [I]
                                                        Cybercafé noun [C]
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                   6                ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                               0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
a cafe where you can eat and drink while using            Desktop (SCREEN) noun [C] specialized
computers to read information on the Internet             the image that appears on a computer when you
                                                          use the type of computer program which makes it
E-mail noun                                               possible for you to perform several activities at the
the system for using computers to send messages           same time
over the Internet, or a message or document sent          The menu bar with its windows is one of the
using this system                                         features of the desktop.
Icon (COMPUTER SYMBOL) noun [C]                           Click (OPERATE) verb specialized
a symbol on a computer screen that you point to           to (cause a computer instruction to) operate by
with a mouse (= movable control device) to give           pressing a button on the mouse (= movable control
the computer an instruction                               device) of a computer
Desktop (COMPUTER) adjective                              When you have selected the file you want, click the
(of computer equipment) small enough to fit on            'Open' box. [T]
the top of a desk                                         If you want to open a file, click twice on the icon
a desktop computer/machine/printer/system                 for it. [I]
Compare laptop, notebook, palmtop.                        Click to create a new file. [I]
Related words
Desktop publishing (also DTP) is the production
of finished page designs for books or other printed
material, using a small computer and printer.

                     (Phát triển tầm nhìn chiến lược trong việc học tiếng Anh)

                               (Học tiếng Anh - Một Dự án Văn hóa)

A special project specially designed for Vietnamese students of English
by Dinh Gia Hung

Project objectives (mục tiêu dự án):
        To internalise the intellectual and cultural aspects of English language and approach idiomatic
         production (tiếp thu những yếu tố trí tuệ và văn hóa trong tiếng Anh và hướng đến việc sử dụng
         tiếng Anh như người bản ngữ)
        To have greater vision for students’ future global integration and get quicker access to the
         Information Superhighway to acquire self-learning and research for personal and professional self-
         actualisation (có tầm nhìn rộng lớn hơn để sinh viên có thể hòa nhập với thế giới và đi nhanh hơn
         vào Siêu xa lộ Thông tin để tự học tập và nghiên cứu nhằm vươn đến sự phát triển tối cao của cá
         nhân, đó là sự hiện thực hóa cá nhân và nghề nghiệp)

   1) Logistics for collaborative learning
   Scarce resource sharing and management (chia sẻ và quản lý nguồn lực khan hiếm)
   - Equipment (thiết bị)
   - Materials (coursebooks, workbooks, references, online resources, CDs)(tài liệu)
   - Finance (cost-sharing policy) (tài chính)
   - Location (địa điểm)
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                         7                ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                     0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

   1)    Teamwork
   -     Peer teaching (bạn bè giúp nhau học)
   -     Delegation of responsibility (chia sẻ trách nhiệm)
   -     Vision sharing (each student has a unique way of language expression which originates from his or
         her socio-cultural background and they can share their invaluable asset with their peers. This process
         can help group members negotiate different meanings, understand and appreciate one another’s
         cultural perspectives and practices) (Chia sẻ tầm nhìn: mỗi sinh viên đều có cách diễn đạt ngôn ngữ
         độc nhất vì khả năng đó được hình thành trong môi trường văn hóa-xã hội của riêng mình và nhóm
         học tập đó có thể chia sẻ tài sản vô giá đó với các bạn của mình. Tiến trình này có thể giúp cho các
         thành viên trong nhóm bàn luận về các ý định diễn đạt ngôn ngữ của mình để tiến tới hiểu và đánh
         giá cao những cách nhìn và lối thực hành văn hóa của nhau)


                                                  fine arts literature
                                         drama classical music popular music
                                          folk dancing games cooking dress

                                     notions modesty conception of beauty cosmology
                         ideals governing child-rearing rules of descent relationship to animals
                     patterns of superior, subordinate relations definition of sin courtship practices
            conception of justice incentives to work notions of leadership tempo of work body language
        patterns of group decision-making conception of cleanliness attitudes toward the dependent theory of disease
          approaches to problem-solving conception of status mobility eye behaviour conception of past and future
                       role in relation to status by age, sex, class, occupation, kinship, and so forth
             conversational patterns in various social contexts definition of insanity nature of friendship
                ordering of time conception of self patterns of visual perception social interaction rate
                  preference for competition or cooperation notions of adolescence facial expressions
           notions about logic and validity patterns of handling emotions arrangement of physical space...
                                               AND MUCH, MUCH MORE.....


       Before holding a direct dialogue with the teacher, students should select some topics and read kinds
  of relevant texts written by native speakers, underline new cultural patterns or expressions (and may
  compare them with the Vietnamese equivalents to see interesting differences), write them down in their
  language journals and bring them to the class to apply using them in constructive dialogues with their
  teachers (Trước khi thực hành đối thoại với giáo viên, sinh viên nên chọn một vài chủ đề và tìm đọc các
  loại văn bản phù hợp được người bản ngữ viết, gạch dưới những mẫu hay cụm từ văn hóa mới (và có
  thể đối chiếu với những cụm từ tương đương trong tiếng Việt để tìm ra những điểm khác biệt thú vị), sau
  đó viết vào trong nhật ký ngôn ngữ của mình và đem đến lớp học để ứng dụng vào trong các hoạt động
  đối thoại mang tính xây dựng với giáo viên của mình)).
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                    8                  ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                  0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

Software noun [U]                                         Everest, and other mountains which only very
the instructions which control what a computer            experienced climbers try to climb.
does; computer programs                                   Bungee (cord) noun [C] esp. US
Publicity noun [U]                                        a stretchable cord with a hook at each end which is
the activity of making certain that someone or            used to hold things in place, esp. on a bicycle or car
something attracts a lot of interest or attention         Bungee jumping or bungy jumping is the sport
from many people, or the attention received as a          of jumping off a very high bridge or similar
result of this activity                                   structure with a long elastic rope tied to your legs.
The concert wasn't given much advance publicity,          The rope pulls you back before you hit the ground.
so many tickets remained unsold.                          Snowboarding noun (U)
Reserve (BEHAVIOUR) noun [U]                              the sport of riding over snow in the mountains,
the habit of not showing your feelings or thoughts        while standing on a long, wide board
A success story is something or someone that              Grave (DEATH) noun [C]
achieves great success, often by making a lot of money.   a place where a dead person or dead people are buried,
Angela Black's biscuit company is a rare success          esp. when under the ground and marked by a stone
story in these times of recession.                        Reunite verb [T]
Sweetheart noun [C]                                       to bring together again
a person you love, esp. a person with whom you            reunite a divided Family/country/organization/world
have a romantic or sexual relationship                    Sarah was finally reunited with her children at the airport.
Original adjective esp. approving                         Spectacular also means unusually great.
not the same as anything or anyone else and               He turned out to be a spectacular success in his job.
therefore special and interesting                         Koala noun [C]
His essay was full of original ideas.                     an Australian animal which lives in trees and looks
Pregnant (FEMALE) adjective [not gradable]                like a small bear with grey fur
(of a woman and some female animals) having               Lighthouse noun [C] plural lighthouses
young developing inside the womb                          a tower or other tall structure by the sea with a
She's five and a half months pregnant.                    flashing light at the top to warn ships of dangerous
Access noun [U]                                           rocks or to show them the way into a port
the method or possibility of approaching a place or       Scenery (COUNTRYSIDE) noun [U]
person, or the right to use or look at something          the general appearance of natural surroundings,
The only access to the village is by boat.                esp. when these are beautiful
If you are in touch with someone, you see them or are     Formation noun [C]
involved with them in some other way regularly.           A formation is the way something is naturally
Are you still in touch with your school friends?          made or the way it has been arranged.
No, we haven't kept in touch.                             Apostle noun [C]
We're in daily/weekly/close touch with our office         any of the twelve followers of Jesus Christ whom
in Spain.                                                 he chose to teach other people about Christianity,
Trek verb [I usually + adverb or preposition] -kk-to      or someone who strongly supports a particular
walk a long distance, usually over land such as           belief or political movement
hills, mountains or forests                               Overtake (GO PAST) verb past simple overtook,
We spent the day trekking through forests and over        past participle overtaken
mountains.                                                to go beyond (something) by being a greater
Himalayas                                                 amount or degree, or (UK and ANZ) to come from
A long range of mountains in S Asia which                 behind (another vehicle or a person) and move in
includes the highest mountain in the world, Mount         front of it (US pass)
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                     9                  ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                   0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

Further reading
SkyTrain (Vancouver)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The SkyTrain in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada is an urban Advanced Rapid Transit system
operating two lines, the Expo Line and the Millennium Line. The system runs principally on elevated tracks
(hence the name). It uses fully automated trains with no human drivers on board, and has had no derailments
or collisions in its history.[2] With 33 stations, it moves over 220,000 people a day along the 49.5 km
(30.8 mi) of track. Built in time for the Expo 86 World's Fair, it is the world's longest automated light rapid
transit system and it uses the world's longest mass transit-only bridge, the SkyBridge. The system uses the
same family of linear induction motor-driven trains as the Scarborough RT line in Toronto, the Putra LRT in
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the Detroit People Mover in Detroit, and the JFK AirTrain in New York City.

Construction of the Canada Line began in November 2005. The Evergreen Line, as of 2007, is in its planning
stages. The former will be complete in 2009, and the latter in 2011. The Canada Line will run from
downtown Vancouver to Richmond, with a branch to the airport. The Evergreen Line, a light-rapid-transit
line, will run from Lougheed Town Centre to Coquitlam Town Centre.

SkyTrain operates on a proof-of-payment fare system and is policed by the Greater Vancouver
Transportation Authority Police Service. Passengers are subject to random fare inspections. TransLink
believes it loses about CAD$6 million in unpaid fares annually. In addition to the police force, stations are
patrolled by SkyTrain attendants, who can perform first aid and provide customer assistance.

Urban adjective [before noun] of or in a city or town       Automate verb [T] to make (esp. a process in a
Rapid adjective quick or sudden                             factory or office) operate by machines or
System (SET) noun [C] a set of connected items              computers, so reducing the amount of work done
or devices which operate together                           by humans and the time taken to do the work
Transit noun [U] the movement of goods or                   Massive investment is needed to automate the
people from one place to another                            production process.
The question is whether road transit is cheaper             Derail verb [T] to cause (esp. a train) to fall off
than rail.                                                  the tracks it was travelling on
Operate (WORK) verb to (cause to) work, be in               Collide verb [I] (esp. of moving objects) to hit
action or have an effect                                    (something) violently
He took the machine to pieces to try and find out           The two vans collided (with each other) at the crossroads.
how it operated. [I]                                        Fair (PUBLIC EVENT) noun [C] a large public
Principal (MAIN) adjective [before noun; not                event where goods are bought and sold, usually from
gradable] first in order of importance                      tables which have been specially arranged for the
Elevate verb [T] formal to raise or lift up, or             event, and where there is often entertainment
(figurative) to make more important or to improve           Mass (INVOLVING MANY) adjective [before
Track: a railway line                                       noun; not gradable] having an effect on or
Hence (THEREFORE) adverb [not gradable]                     involving a large number of people or forming a
formal that is the reason or explanation for; therefore     large amount
His mother was Italian, hence his name - Luca.
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                    10                 ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                 0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
France has the fastest mass transit rail system in         We assisted the firefighters in extinguishing the
the world.                                                 blaze. [T]
Induction (ELECTRICITY) noun [U] specialized               You will be expected to assist (the editor) with the
the giving of electrical power from one object to          selection of illustrations for the dictionary. [I]
another without the objects touching
an induction motor                                         MY REFLECTIONS (CẢM NGHĨ CỦA TÔI):
Linear (LINES) adjective consisting of or to do
with lines                                                 To me, English is like a highly enigmatic woman
Motor (DEVICE) noun [C] a device that changes              or lover. It has an irresistible attraction for me and
electricity or fuel into movement and makes a              perhaps for many other people. We can never get
machine work or (esp. US) a vehicle move                   to the heart – the deep culture – of English, but we
Construct verb [T] to build; to put together               are strongly aware that at least we are happy to go
different parts to form (a whole)                          on the way to its centre (đối với tôi, tiếng Anh tựa
Stage (PART) noun [C] a part of an activity or a           như một người phụ nữ hay một người yêu thật
period of development                                      huyền bí. Thứ tiếng này có một hấp lực mà tôi và
A branch line is a railway that goes from the main         có lẽ nhiều người khác cảm thấy khó cưỡng nổi.
railway to small towns and countryside areas.              Chúng ta chẳng bao giờ có thể chiếm được trái
Proof (SHOWING TRUTH) noun one or more                     tim - nền văn hóa sâu ngầm - của nàng tiếng Anh,
reasons for believing that something is or is not true     nhưng chúng ta có ý thức rõ ràng là ít nhất chúng
Do they have any proof that it was Hampson who             ta cũng cảm thấy vui được đi trên con đường đến
stole the goods? [U + that clause]                         gặp nàng).
Fare (PAYMENT) noun [C] the money that you
pay for a journey on a vehicle such as a bus or train      Let’s walk along our path . Let English arouse
Train fares are going up again, unfortunately.             our grand passion! The path may wind, zig-zag or
Police verb [T] If a public event or area is policed,      has a lot of gentle, hairpin or sharp bends, so let’s
it is controlled or guarded by members of the              go together, get together! Unexpected things
police or a similar force.                                 blocking our way will turn out to be our culturally
The march will be heavily policed by an anti-riot unit.    intriguing friends. Let’s set off every early
Random adjective happening, done, or chosen                morning, take steps and make sure nobody is left
by chance rather than according to a plan                  behind (Chúng ta hãy tiến bước trên đường nhé .
We asked a random selection of people what they thought.   Hãy để tiếng Anh khơi dậy niềm say mê trong ta!
Inspect verb [T] to look at (something or                  Con đường học tiếng Anh có thể ngoằn ngoèo
someone) carefully in order to discover                    hoặc có nhiều đoạn cong thoai thoải, đoạn cong
information, esp. about quality or correctness             ngoặt hoặc tay áo, nên chúng ta hãy phối hợp tiến
Add verb to put (something) with something else to         bước! Những điều bất ngờ ngăn trở chúng ta sẽ
increase the number or amount or to improve the whole      hóa thành những người bạn có những nét văn hóa
Beat the butter and sugar together and slowly add          thú vị. Nào các bạn, ngày nào chúng ta cũng khởi
the eggs. [T]                                              hành vào buổi ban mai, hãy bước đi trên con
Patrol verb -ll- (esp. of soldiers or the police) to       đường Anh ngữ và đừng để ai lại đằng sau nhé).
go around (an area or a building), usually
regularly, to see if there is any trouble or danger
An attendant is also someone whose job is to be
in a place and help visitors or customers.
First aid is basic medical treatment which is given
to someone as soon as possible after they have
been hurt in an accident or suddenly become ill.
Did you learn any first aid at school?
Assist verb formal to help
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                              11                   ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                             0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Giảng viên Đại học Đà Nẵng (DNU)
Trợ lý Văn hóa, Đại sứ quán Hoa Kỳ (USE)

Your full name:
Your telephone number:
your email address:

 1) Can you tell me something special about yourself? ---------------------------------
 2) What are your hobbies (what do you like to do in your free time)? --------------------------
 3) Do you often surf the Internet when you feel bored? ---------------
 4) Do you like to speak English in front of people? ----------------------------------------------------------------
 5) What are you good at in learning English? -------------------------
 6) What are your dreams in your life? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 7) What is your ideal classmate? -------------------------------------
 8) Do you have any strange habits? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 9) Do you have unspoken thoughts? ------------------------------------
 10) What would happen if we knew one another’s secret thoughts? ------------------------------------------------------------

Let’s stand up and find your ideal classmate by asking five of your classmates at random (without any plan)
the following questions (and your own questions):

       Do you have a large circle of friends? What do you often do together? (circle: a group of people
    connected in an informal way by common interests)
       How often do you borrow money from your close friends?
       Do you think that men and women can be lifelong friends? If yes, how?
       Do you think that we can help each other in learning English?
       Do you think that learning English is like doing a special cultural project? (project: a piece of planned
    work or activity which is completed over a period of time and intended to achieve a particular aim (cultural
    project: dự án văn hóa))
       What do you think about the phrase “It is better to give than to receive”?
       Are you easy to please? If yes, give an example?
       Do you make anybody your idol(s)? (idol: a person who is greatly loved, admired or respected (film,
    football, pop, rock, sports, teen idols)
       Are you willing to cooperate with people in doing things? (cooperate: to act or work together for a
    particular purpose, or to help someone willingly when help is requested)
       Do you think that we can do anything in life if we really want to?

Đinh Gia Hưng
Giảng viên Đại học Đà Nẵng
Trợ lý Văn hóa, Đại sứ quán
Hoa Kỳ, Hà Nội
0914 622 207
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                   12                 ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Justice noun [U] There's no justice (= fairness) in       Cellar noun [C] a room under the ground floor
the world when people can be made to suffer like that.    of a building, usually used for storage
Fairness noun [U] Fairness is the quality of              Memorial noun [C] an object, often large and
treating people equally or in a way that is right or      made of stone, which has been built to honour a
reasonable.                                               famous person or event
He had a real sense of fairness and hated                 The statue was erected as a memorial to all the
injustice.                                                people who died in the war.
Revenge noun [U] harm done to someone as a                Thousands of people go to visit the Vietnam
punishment for harm that they have done to                Veterans Memorial in Washington every year.
someone else; vengeance                                   A war memorial is a large structure, made esp. of
She took/got/exacted (her) revenge on him for             stone, which is built in honour of those people
leaving her by smashing up his car.                       who died in a particular war.
He is believed to have been shot by a rival gang in       Scissors plural noun a device used for cutting
revenge for the shootings last week.                      materials such as paper, cloth and hair, consisting of
The semi-final will be a chance for the losing team       two sharp blades which are joined in the middle in a
to get their revenge on the winning team (for their       way that allows them to move against each other
earlier defeat).                                          Suit (SET OF CLOTHES) noun [C] a set of
Related words (saying) "Revenge is sweet"                 clothes made of the same material which are
means it is satisfying to do harm to someone who          intended to be worn together
has done harm to you.                                     Tidy (ORDERED) adjective -ier, -iest
Vengeance noun [U]                                        (of appearance or behaviour) looking well ordered
the punishing of someone for harming you or your          and cared for
friends or family, or the desire for such                 Background (THINGS BEHIND) noun
punishment to happen                                      the things that can be seen or heard behind other
On the day after the terrorist attack, the overall        things that are closer or louder
mood in the town was one of vengeance.                    Nightclub , informal nightspot noun [C]
Avenge verb [T] to do harm to or punish the person        a place which is open until late at night where
responsible for (something bad done to you or your        people can go to drink and dance and often see
family or friends) in order to achieve a fair situation   some type of entertainment
She killed her father to avenge her mother/her            Furious (ANGRY) adjective extremely angry
mother's suffering.                                       He was furious with me.
Scotland's stunning victory avenged last year's           The passengers are furious about/at being kept
humiliating defeat by Wales. [T]                          waiting.
The cyclist avenged herself on the dangerous              Gordon was furious that I borrowed his car
driver by reporting him to the police.                    without asking him.
Affair (RELATIONSHIP) noun [C]                            Note (WRITING) noun [C]a short piece of writing
a sexual relationship, esp. a secret one                  He left a note to say he would be home late.
She's having an affair with a married man.                Post esp. UK, ANZ also , US and ANZ usually
Pot (CONTAINER) noun [C] any of various                   mail verb [T] To post a parcel or letter is to send
types of usually round container, esp. one made of        it by post.
clay, metal or glass                                      Did you remember to post my letter?
Pour (CAUSE TO FLOW) verb to make (a                      Shoplifting noun [U] the illegal act of taking
substance) flow from a container, esp. into another       goods from a shop without paying for them
container, by raising just one side of the container      Jewellery UK and ANZ, US jewelry noun [U]
that the substance is in                                  Jewellery is decorative objects worn on clothes or
Would you like me to pour you some more wine?             on the body which are usually made from valuable
[+ two objects]                                           metals, such as gold and silver, and which usually
                                                          contain precious stones.
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                   13                  ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                                 0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
Tourists have been advised not to wear expensive         Witch noun [C] a woman who is believed to
jewellery in public places or they will become easy      have magical powers and who uses them to harm
targets for thieves.                                     or help other people
Usher (GUIDE) noun [C] a person who shows                Kiss verb to touch with your lips, esp. as a
people where they should sit, esp. at a formal           greeting, or to press your mouth onto another
event such as a wedding                                  person's mouth in a sexual way
Tip (PAYMENT) noun [C] a small amount of                 Pond noun [C] an area of water smaller than a
money given to someone who has provided you              lake, often artificially made
with a service, in addition to the official payment      She has a duck pond at the bottom of her garden.
and for their personal use                               Sauce (THICK LIQUID) noun
Mystery noun A mystery is also a book, film              a thick liquid eaten with food to add flavour
or play, esp. about a crime or a murder, with a          a savoury/sweet sauce [C]
surprise ending which explains all the strange           A well-flavoured sauce can improve an ordinary meal. [C]
events that have happened.                               He puts tomato sauce on everything he eats. [U]
I really enjoy murder mysteries.                         (saying) 'What's sauce for the goose is sauce for
Stage (THEATRE) noun [C] the area in a theatre           the gander' means if one person is allowed to
which is often raised above ground level and on          behave in a particular way, then another person
which actors or entertainers perform                     can behave in that way too.
He stood in the middle of the stage and looked out       Gander (BIRD) noun [C] a male goose
at the audience.                                         Goose (BIRD) a bird like a duck but larger. There
Row (LINE) noun [C] a line of things, people,            are various different types of goose.
animals, etc. arranged next to each other                Geese often fly in a V-shaped formation. [C]
They were holding hands in the back row (= line          The female bird is called a goose: the male bird is
of seats) of the cinema.                                 called a gander.
Whisper verb to speak or say very quietly using          Extreme (GREAT) adjective very great
the breath but not the voice, so that other people       Rainbow (ARCH) noun [C] a many-coloured arch
cannot hear you                                          seen in the sky when rain is falling and the sun is shining
(figurative) It is whispered (= People have              Desert (SANDY AREA) noun
suggested in secret) that she has another man! [+        (a large area of) land covered with sand or rocks,
that clause]                                             where there is very little rain and not many plants
Frog (ANIMAL) noun [C] a small animal which              Planet noun [C] an extremely large round mass
has smooth skin, lives in water and on land, has         of rock and metal, such as Earth, or of gas, such as
long powerful back legs with which it jumps from         Jupiter, which moves in a circular path around the
place to place, has no tail, and is usually greenish-    Sun or another star
brown in colour                                          Glacier noun [C] a large mass of ice which moves
If someone has a frog in their throat, they have         slowly esp. down the side of a mountain, causing the
difficulty in speaking because their throat feels dry.   formation of features on the land such as valleys
Castle noun [C] a large strong building, built in        Volcano noun [C] plural volcanoes or volcanos
the past by a ruler or important person to protect       a mountain with a large circular hole at the top
the people inside from attack                            through which lava (= hot liquid rock), gases,
Nowadays a castle in Scotland can cost almost the        steam and dust are or have been forced out
same as a flat in London.                                Cliff noun [C] a high area of rock with a very
Princess noun [C] an important female member             steep side, often on a coast
of a royal family, esp. a daughter or granddaughter      Don't go too close to the edge of the cliff - you
of a king and queen, or the wife of a prince             might fall.
Evil immoral, or cruel, or very unpleasant               Drought noun a long period when there is little
If someone has an evil tongue, they tend to say          or no rain
unpleasant things about other people.                    Plain (LAND) noun [U] a large area of flat land
Đinh Gia Hưng                                                 14                ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                             0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
They live in a farm on the plain.                       Mother nature is another word for nature, used
High mountains rise above the plain.                    esp. humorously and when considering it as a force
Monsoon noun [C] the season of heavy rain               that controls the weather and all living things.
during the summer in hot Asian countries                It is better to try to work with, rather than against,
The failure of the monsoon would destroy harvests       Mother Nature.
on which 1000 million people rely.                      Chapel noun [C] a room within a larger building
Bubble noun [C] a ball of air in a liquid or a          which is used for Christian worship, or (esp. UK)
delicate hollow sphere floating on top of a liquid      a building which is used for Christian worship by
or in the air                                           Christians who do not belong to the Church of
As water begins to boil, bubbles rise ever faster to    England or the Roman Catholic Church
the surface.                                            Gallery (BUILDING) noun [C]
Grace (BEAUTY) noun [U] a quality of simple,            a room or building which is used for showing
natural beauty, esp. of movement or form                works of art, sometimes so that they can be sold
Joanna has natural grace and elegance.                  Reindeer noun [C] plural reindeer
The skaters moved over the ice with a smooth,           a type of deer with large horns, which lives in the
effortless grace                                        northern parts of Europe, Asia and America
Cave noun [C] a large hole in the side of a hill,       A sleeping bag is a large thick bag for sleeping in.
cliff or mountain, or one that is underground           Cube (SHAPE) noun [C] a solid object with six
Wondrous adjective formal surprisingly good             square sides of equal size
Our new improved face-cream has wondrous                Interior noun [C] the inside part of something
effects on tired-looking skin.                          Unique adjective [not gradable] being the only
Behave verb to act in a particular way, or to be good   existing one of its type or, more generally, unusual
by acting in a way which has society's approval         or special in some way
She always behaves well/badly when her aunts            Situate verb [T usually + adverb or preposition]
come to visit. [I]                                      to put in a particular position
You must behave (yourself) at the party! [I or T]       They plan to situate their vegetable garden
temperature noun                                        between the fence and the trees.
the measured amount of heat in a place or in the body   To understand this issue, it must first be situated in
Celsius (centigrade) a temperature scale in which       its context.
water freezes at 0o and boils at 100o                   Cheque UK and ANZ, US check noun [C]
Ton (WEIGHT) noun [C] plural tons or ton                a printed form, used instead of money, to make
a unit of weight for measuring large amounts            payments from your bank account
Melt verb to (cause to) turn from something solid       Smart (STYLISH) adjective -er, -est UK and
into something soft or liquid                           ANZ, or US dated
The spring sun usually melts the snow by mid            having a clean, tidy and stylish appearance
March. [T]                                                                       
It was so hot the butter started to melt. [I]           Do you want to learn 1,000,000.00 model
(figurative) He only has to look at her, and she        sentences in English? Is it a big project for your
melts (= her feelings soften). [I]                      whole life? Let’s think seriously about my
Involve verb [T] to include (someone or                 questions because they will affect your future life
something) in something, or to make them take           in extremely amazing ways! (Bạn có muốn học
part in or feel part of it                              một triệu mẫu câu trong tiếng Anh không? Có
The second accident involved two cars and a             phải đó là một dự án lớn trong cuộc đời bạn
lorry.                                                  không? Hãy suy nghĩ nghiêm chỉnh về điều này
Do we need to involve someone from the computer         bởi vì nó sẽ ảnh hưởng đầy ngạc nhiên đến cuộc
department at this stage in our discussions?            đời tương lai của bạn!).
The four men were all involved in organising and
carrying out the murders. [+ object + verb-ing]
Đinh Gia Hưng                                       15                  ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                     0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
                                              (saying) 'All work and no play (makes Jack a
                                              dull boy)' means that someone who works all of
   PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND                  the time will become boring and uninteresting.
           INTERESTS:                         unwind (RELAX) (past unwound), wind down
                                              verb [I] to relax and let your mind be free from
   1. Teaching English language skills:       anxiety after a period of work or some other
                                              activity that has made you anxious
      Listening, speaking, reading and
                                              chore [C] a job or piece of work which is often
      writing                                 boring or unpleasant but needs to be done regularly
   2. Teaching TOEFL, TOEIC and               chat [I] to talk to someone in a friendly informal way
      IELTS                                   slush(y) (a glass of) a drink made with crushed ice
   3. Teaching grammar of written and         and a sweet liquid (crush: to press (something) very
      spoken English                          hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed)
                                              flavour UK and ANZ, US and ANZ flavor noun
   4. Teaching ESP, including English for
                                              a taste or quality; socialize, UK and ANZ usually -ise
      Information Technology,                 verb [I] To socialize is to spend the time, when you are
      International Finance and Banking,      not working, with friends or with other people in order to
      Tourism and Hotel Industry              enjoy yourself.
   5. Teaching Business English skills:       (informal) Take it easy (= Relax and do not get
      Presentation, negotiation, meeting,     upset)! Let's not start any trouble.
                                              Phoenix: the capital and largest city of Arizona,
      telephoning and socializing
                                              US, known as a place that is extremely hot, where
   6. Teaching debating and critical          many old people go to live, and also as a city that
      thinking skills in English              is growing quickly.
   7. Researching Cultural Studies in         A graphic designer deals with the typography (=
      English language education (culture     style of printing) of printed work, esp. books.
      and language, multiculturalism in       A (computer) programmer is a person whose job
                                              is to produce computer programs.
      language education, cultural patterns
                                              scuba diving noun [U] the sport of swimming
      in language and cognition, cross-       under water with special breathing equipment
      cultural, intercultural                 leisure noun [U] the time when you are not
      communication, Cultural Studies and     working or doing other duties
      English as a new (inter)discipline in   A time zone is one of 24 equal parts into which the
      Vietnam                                 world is divided. In any place within each part, the
                                              particular point in the day is the same, and is an hour
   8. Translating themes in culture,
                                              in front of or behind that in the parts on either side.
      education and arts into Vietnamese      meteorology noun [U] the scientific study of the
   9. Writing articles on English language    processes that cause particular weather conditions
      teaching, comparative linguistics,      (informal) Will you keep an/your eye on (= watch
      multicultural education,                carefully) my suitcase while I go to get the tickets?
      development of national culture and     attic, loft noun [C] the space or room at the top of a
                                              building, under the roof, often used for storing things
      cultural projects
                                              A night shift is a group of workers who work for
   10.Reading widely in Cultural Studies      a period during the night, or the period for which
      as a discipline                         they work. yoga noun [U] a set of physical and
                                              mental exercises, Indian in origin, which is
                                              intended to give control over the body and mind
                                              range (LIMIT) noun [U] a set of similar things
Đinh Gia Hưng                                               16               ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                                                          0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.
                                                       God bless you, my dear students! Let’s place
                MY REFLECTION:                         unshakeable faith in yourselves and English.
Hãy ngước nhìn những vì sao ban đêm, có phải
chúng luôn rực rỡ và mời gọi không các bạn?
Con người luôn ước mơ đến những vì sao, muốn
chắp cánh bay khỏi không gian chật hẹp của mình
để đến những chân trời mới.
Ngôn ngữ có thể giúp bạn phần nào đạt được
những ước mơ tương lai, nên tôi luôn mong các
bạn luôn trân trọng những “cuộc gặp gỡ giữa bạn
và tiếng Anh” đã qua, trân trọng những hành trình
bạn đã trải qua như những lần gặp gỡ người mình
thương yêu.
Hãy nhìn về tương lai với đôi mắt sâu xa và sáng
trong của mình. Bạn hãy cho mình một niềm tin
rằng bạn sẽ làm chủ tiếng Anh, qua đó bạn sẽ có
cơ hội vàng làm phong phú thêm tâm hồn mình, sẽ
có lúc mình đủ khả năng tiếp thu các nền văn hóa
vĩ đại khác của nhân loại, biến mình thành một
con người đa văn hóa, luôn rộng mở, có trí tuệ
quốc tế và sẵn sàng kết nối với thế giới bao la và
tốt đẹp này.
Đó chẳng phải là những mơ ước của bạn sao? It’s
wonderful to be as young as you.
Bạn hãy bắt đầu suy nghĩ sâu sắc và tiến hành
chuẩn bị các dự án lớn cho cuộc đời mình đi. In
my opinion, life never ends when we begin with
positive attitudes.
English can offer you important values and
visions for your future productive and
meaningful life.
Khi các bạn học tiếng Anh đến một mức độ cao,
các bạn có thể vượt qua những biên giới nhận thức
để đến những “thiên đàng tri thức bất ngờ”. Để
đến được nơi chốn mơ ước đó, bạn hãy yêu lấy
những giây phút “cực nhọc, tra tấn” trong quá
trình ban đầu học tiếng Anh của mình, qua đó, bạn
sẽ phát hiện được những vẻ đẹp của tiếng Anh,
bạn sẽ “rung động” trước vẻ huyền bí của Nàng.
Life goes on. It doesn’t wait for anybody, so let’s
go on with life and living English.
Các bạn hãy bắt đầu cuộc hành trình đến tâm điểm
tiếng Anh. Đây là một cuộc Trường Chinh vĩ đại
(Long March) trong cuộc đời bạn.
English is for you. It’s always there for you like a
faithful lover. I am sure all of you will build
beautiful and happy life with it.
Đinh Gia Hưng                      17   ghung71@yahoo.com
Lecturer in English, DNU                     0914622207
Cultural Affairs Assistant, USE.

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