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					       Vol. 6 No. 2
       Fall 2007/Winter 2008
                                    Connection
                                    C oates
                                           S c h o o l      o f   G o v e r n m e n t ,        U N C - C h a p e l       H i l l




Highlights in this issue            A PORtRAIt OF
 2 Message from                     ELMER R . OEttINGER JR .
   the Dean
                                    by Ann Cary Simpson
 4 New Faculty Members              Associate Dean for Development and Communications

 8 Launch of
                                    As the School of Government completes the commemoration
   Online Bookstore
                                    of its 75th year, we profile one of the earliest faculty members,
 9 Advanced Education               Chapel Hill resident Elmer Oettinger.                                Elmer R. Oettinger
     for Elected Officials




                                    “M
10 Democracy and
                                                      y first job for Albert Coates      from UNC: AB (1934), LLB (1939), MA
     Conflict Resolution
                                                      was in 1937 when I was in          (1952, in dramatic arts), and PhD (1966,
     Training for Teachers                            law school,” said Elmer R.         in English). After earning his undergraduate
14 New Design and                                     Oettinger Jr. “I researched        degree, he continued his study of dramatic
   Improved Navigation              and wrote the Guidebook for Notaries                 arts in graduate school at Columbia Univer-
   for School’s Website             Public. I was in on a great many things that         sity, acted on and off Broadway, and wrote a
                                    happened very early.” A native of Wilson,            full-length play, The Pied Piper, based on the
                                    North Carolina, Oettinger is a man of music,         life of Huey Long, Louisiana governor and
                                    theater, letters, and law; he brought to the         US senator.
                                    Institute of Government a fine legal mind                Health problems forced Oettinger to return
                                    enriched by a wealth of creativity. He served        to North Carolina, where he “rested” by
Welcome to the
                                    the Institute at two quite different times in        entering law school. Working frequently
first issue of
                                    its evolution, 1939–41 and 1960–78.                  for Coates while a law student, he officially
Coates Connection
                                       Oettinger said of his first introduction to       joined the Institute staff following graduation
                                    the Institute, “Albert Coates [the Institute’s       in 1939. Coates later described Oettinger
The School of Government is
pleased to introduce Coates         founder] was the commencement speaker at             as “one of half a dozen men whom I have
Connection, a newsletter for        my high school graduation. He had been my            taught during the past decade who seemed
the School’s friends and clients.   uncle’s roommate at the University of North          to fit the exacting requirements of work on
This new publication replaces
the Friends of the Institute
                                    Carolina and was now a young law professor.          the staff of the Institute of Government.”
Newsletter, and its name honors     Albert told us about his project, the Institute          Oettinger’s first assignment was to cover
Albert Coates, the founder of       of Government. This was 1930.”                       the 1939 General Assembly as part of
the Institute of Government,
                                       Oettinger entered UNC to study dramatic           Coates’s Legislative Reporting Service. In
and his wife, Gladys Hall
Coates. To learn more about         arts, but Coates regularly exhorted him to           spring 1941, he moved to Raleigh to be-
Albert and Gladys Coates,           choose a new direction: “Albert would say,           come “the Institute’s man in the legislature”
we invite you to view In Their      ‘You’ve got to get rid of all this drama business,   for the duration of the session. “I would stay
Own Words, a video about the
                                    and when you do and become a good lawyer,            up until midnight writing,” he said, “to get
founding of the Institute. View
the video at www.sog.unc.edu/       I want you in the Institute of Government.’”
about/coates.html.                  Oettinger eventually earned four degrees                                  (continued on next page)
w w w. so g . unc.edu




M E SSAG E f rom the DEAN
                       In the last few years, the School has experienced a number of retirements among faculty members who have
                   been here for 30 years or more. These retirements have been balanced by an even greater number of new faculty
                   members joining us to fill the need left by a departing colleague or to cover new fields of expertise.
                       As retirements arise, our faculty and staff carefully take stock of the field in question and, in consultation with
                   clients, decide whether it makes sense to handle the field as we have previously, or modify our approach to better
                   meet the needs of the affected client group. In some cases, we reorganize to provide greater focus and strength in
                   key areas and at other times add fields to meet new needs. We are fortunate to have new faculty members who bring
                   impressive energy and diverse interests to the School, but who also embrace our core services and values.
                       While the School moves forward and strives to provide the best possible service to state and local government,
                   we realize it is not enough simply to meet the current education needs of those we serve. We want to get better at
Dean Mike Smith    anticipating the challenges and issues that will confront North Carolina in the future. Toward that goal, the School is
                   embarking on a strategic planning process. It has been more than 10 years since we last surveyed our clients for help
                   in identifying the best aspects of our service, as well as determining where gaps exist and recommending new
                   directions. The recommendations from that last planning process are now well institutionalized at the School, and it
                   is time to ask for your input again.
                       If you are contacted during this planning process, please respond. We want to know what you think about our
                   work and where you believe we should be headed in the future to best fulfill our mission: to improve the lives of
                   North Carolinians by engaging in practical scholarship that helps public officials and citizens understand and improve
                   state and local government.



                                        the Daily Bulletin out the next day. George        on the brand-new university educational
                                        Riddle, Ashley Seawell, and others [fellow         station, WUNC–tV. During this time,
                                        Institute faculty members] would come over         Oettinger earned his master’s degree and
                                        and help when they could.” Oettinger also ini-     taught in the departments of English and
                                        tiated a weekly legislative bulletin, produced     Radio, television and Motion Pictures at
                                        with the help of former staff member Henry         UNC-Chapel Hill.
                                        Brandis and colleague Dillard Gardner, who            In 1960, finally responding to a series of
Coates Connection is                    pitched in at night.                               invitations from Coates, Oettinger returned
published twice a year by                   After serving in the US Navy during World      to the Institute as a specialist in free press
the School of Government
                                        War II, Oettinger returned to Wilson, where        and fair trial, open meetings, privacy, copy-
at UNC-Chapel Hill. The
                                        he practiced law and then worked as a radio        right, libel, and journalist’s privilege. As his
newsletter is also available
online at www.sog.unc.edu/              news director and commentator. A highlight         career progressed, he also covered crimi-
about/news.html.                        of his radio career was covering the 1948 po-      nal justice, auto insurance law, and the
                                        litical conventions in Philadelphia, at which      Highway Patrol School. He was consulted
Please send comments
                                        he witnessed the Republicans’ nomination           regularly by members of the press, broad-
to editors Ellen Bradley
(bradley@sog.unc.edu or
                                        of New Yorker Thomas Dewey and the                 casters, government personnel, and public
919.843.6527) or Faith M.               stormy “Dixiecrat” walkout of South Carolin-        information officers.
Thompson (fmthomps@sog.                 ian Strom Thurmond on the Democrats.                  During this second term, one of his major
unc.edu or 919.962.8477).                   In the 1950s he was recruited to help plan     contributions was development of the
                                        and moderate IDEAS, a program that ran             nation’s first News Media–Administration of




2 Coates Connection
Justice Council beginning in 1964. Oettinger
described the first meeting of the council as
“a horrendous experience” of mixing people
who had never worked with one another be-
fore and often found themselves on opposing
sides of issues. Under Oettinger’s guidance,
the groups eventually discovered common
ground, and North Carolina’s council became
a model for other states.
   Oettinger also served as editor of the
Institute’s Popular Government journal for
12 years. School faculty member Jack Vogt
recalled, “The highlight of my work with
Elmer was our joint editorship of the 1978
                                                   penned these words:
issue of Popular Government addressing the
                                                      See the USA through the ULC, America is      Elmer and Mary Lib Oettinger
press-government relationship in North                waiting for our Acts.                        (left and center) enjoy the
Carolina. Elmer’s contributions made that             Keep the State law straight, keep our        Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in
issue the best of my five-year stint as editor.”      product great: America needs certain law
                                                                                                   Cleveland, Ohio, with another
                                                                                                   delegate at a meeting of the
Vogt continued, “Elmer was one of those               and facts.                                   National Conference of
‘pioneers’ who in the Institute of Govern-            When the law’s uniform, you can keep har-    Commissioners on Uniform
ment’s early years made Albert Coates’s               mony, and bring better law that impacts.     State Laws in 1998.
dream a successful reality.”                          In 1990 Oettinger received the North
   After mandatory retirement from the             Carolina Press Association’s prestigious
Institute at age 65, Oettinger continued in        William C. Lassiter First Amendment Award
emeritus status to teach a law course and          for promoting free speech and the First
work with the American Bar Association on          Amendment.
freedom-of-the-press issues.                          Throughout his multifaceted career,
   In 1977, Governor James B. Hunt appointed       Oettinger enjoyed the strong support and
him to the National Conference of Com-             encouragement of his like-minded wife and
missioners on Uniform State Laws (ULC).            family. Mary Lib, his dedicated partner of
He was reappointed to this position by four        67 years, retired from a distinguished career
succeeding governors and continues to be           in social work, including a term as president
an honorary member. In 1978 he chaired the         of the North Carolina Association of Social
ULC’s special committee to draft a uniform         Workers. He and she are extremely proud
privacy act for state governments. As a            of their sons, Brick, a UNC-Chapel Hill
member of the planning committee for the           administrator, and Kenny, an attorney in
ULC’s centennial celebration in 1991, he           Chapel Hill, and their sons’ families.
brought his flair for humor and dramatic              Oettinger celebrated his ninety-fourth
arts to the fore, writing 46 songs for the         birthday in November 2007. The School of
celebration, all set to popular tunes. For the     Government congratulates and thanks him
first verse of “See the USA,” for example, he      for his many outstanding achievements.




                                                                                                          Fall 2007/Winter 2008 3
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                        t
                                     he School of Government is          report, Without Favor, Denial or Delay:
                                     pleased to welcome Michael          A Court System for the 21st Century. He also
SCHOOL                               Crowell, James M. “Jamie”           was active in various other efforts at court
                                     Markham, and Karl W. Smith          improvement.
                        to its faculty.                                     Crowell holds a BA from the University
WELCOMES                   Michael Crowell joined the faculty in         of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a
                        August as professor of public law and govern-    JD, cum laude, from Harvard Law School.
tHREE NEW               ment, focusing on the law of judicial admin-     He may be contacted at 919.966.4438 or
                        istration. He previously served on the faculty   crowellm@sog.unc.edu.
FACULtY                 from 1970 to 1985, during which time he
                        also was a consultant to the North Carolina
                                                                            In July, Jamie Markham joined the
                                                                         School of Government as assistant professor
                        Criminal Code Commission, assisted various       of public law and government, in the area of
                        legislative study commissions, and was direc-    criminal law and procedure with a focus on
                        tor of bill drafting for the General Assembly.   the law of sentencing, corrections, and con-
                           From 1985 to 2007, Crowell practiced          ditions of confinement. While working on
                        law with Tharrington Smith LLP, in Raleigh,      his law degree, he served as a summer law
                        specializing in administrative law, local gov-   clerk at the School and as a summer associ-
                        ernment, elections, appeals, voting rights,      ate for law firms in Greensboro and Raleigh.
                        redistricting, legislation, and mediation.          Before entering law school, Markham
                        Crowell took time out from practice for          spent five years in the US Air Force, where
                        two years to serve as executive director of      he earned the rank of captain and served
                        the Commission for the Future of Justice         as flight commander and political-military
                        and the Courts in North Carolina and was         analyst. He also was a travel writer for Let’s
                        principal author of the commission’s 1996        Go, Inc., contributing to the Russia and




                            Michael Crowell               Jamie Markham                Karl Smith




4 Coates Connection
Ukraine chapters of Let’s Go: Eastern Europe.
   Markham earned a BA in government,
                                                                                  VISItING
cum laude, from Harvard College and a JD                                          PROFESSOR
with high honors, Order of the Coif, from
Duke University, where he was editor-in-chief                                     ANN MCCOLL tO
of the Duke Law Journal. He may be reached
at 919.843.3914 or markham@sog.unc.edu.                                           ASSISt WItH
   Karl Smith joined the School of Govern-
ment full-time in May as assistant professor
                                                                                  EDUCAtION LAW
of public economics and government spe-
cializing in tax issues. Smith is the creator




                                                 A
of an interactive model of North Carolina’s
tax structure, commonly called the tax                         nn McColl joined the School of
calculator. This spreadsheet allows a user to                  Government faculty in August
see present and future effects of changes in                   for a one-year term as a visiting
rates and bases of major state and local taxes                 associate professor. She is an
in North Carolina.                               attorney and an associate professor in the
   Smith’s work includes analyzing economic      Department of Educational Leadership in
issues such as income tax, business tax          the College of Education at UNC-Charlotte.
incentives, economic impact of industries           During her visiting term, McColl will
and businesses, and tax changes that affect      conduct legal and policy research on the
community and economic development in            responsibilities of state and local govern-
North Carolina. He also works on behalf of       ment for North Carolina’s system of public
the School of Government with the State          education. Her research will provide state
and Local Fiscal Modernization Study             and local leaders with a better understand-
Commission established by the North Car-         ing of the ways in which roles have evolved
olina General Assembly. His responsibilities     over time and new ways in which existing
with the commission include research on the      roles could be defined.
state’s income tax structure, the relationship      McColl also will work with faculty mem-
between the state and local governments in       bers Robert Joyce and Laurie Mesibov to
financing Medicaid, and the financial impact     prepare and deliver the School’s advanced
of proposed changes in the tax structure.        training for local elected officials on educa-
   Before joining the faculty, Smith spent       tion law and the public education system.
five months as a research associate at the          McColl has practiced law in Raleigh
School, working on tax reform issues, and        and has served as legal counsel and
he also was a graduate fellow with the North     director of policy for the North Carolina
Carolina State University Institute for          School Boards Association and as legal
Emerging Issues. He holds a BS and a PhD in      counsel for the North Carolina Association
economics from North Carolina State Uni-         of School Administrators. She is a graduate
versity. He may be reached at 919.966.9393       of UNC-Chapel Hill, where she earned a
or karl@sog.unc.edu.                             BA and a JD.




                                                                                                   Fall 2007/Winter 2008 5
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                        &
        S C H O O L of GOVERNMENT


        NEWS NOtES
                                       In April, School of Government professor Milton S. Heath Jr.
                                       received the 2007 Newton Underwood Award for Excellence
                                       in Teaching from the School of Public Health at UNC-Chapel
                                       Hill. The award is presented to Environmental Sciences and
                                       Engineering (ESE) faculty members who exhibit the dedication
                                       to students and teaching typified by former ESE professor
                                       Newton Underwood. Nominations, discussions, and a vote of
                                       ESE graduate students determine the award recipient. Heath
                                       was honored for his excellence in teaching, his knowledge of
                        Milton Heath
                                       the course material, his relevant experience, and his interac-
                                       tion with students. As part of the nomination process, one of
                                       Heath’s students commented, “Dr. Heath goes out of his way
                                       to make himself accessible to his students, and to communicate
                                       how much he cares about and enjoys them as individuals.”
                                       Heath has taught a graduate-level course in the ESE program
                                       since 1961.


                                       Alex Hess and Milton Heath authored two law review articles




                               &
                                       on the evolution of North Carolina environmental legislation
                                       that were published in UNC Law Review (Fall 2006) and
                        Alex Hess      Campbell Law Review (Spring 2007).




NEWS NOtES
6 Coates Connection
Will Lambe, associate director of the Community and Economic Development
Program, partnered with the NC Rural Economic Development Center to
produce a report with 45 case studies of small towns (fewer than 10,000
residents) that are surviving — and in many cases thriving — in today’s economy.
Ten towns are featured at length; five of those are located in North Carolina.
They represent “proven practices” and exhibit a comprehensive set of strategies
for working together effectively. Thirty-five other towns, representing “promising
practices,” are described in a shorter format. The case studies are intended to
provide inspiration, hope, and practical ideas to small-town civic leaders. To       Will Lambe
request a copy of the report, contact Will Lambe at whlambe@sog.unc.edu or
919.966.4247, or visit www.cednc.unc.edu.


                      Rick Morse, assistant professor of public administration and government, is the
                      lead editor of Transforming Public Leadership for the 21st Century, published by
                      M.E. Sharpe. The high-profile project includes many internationally prominent
                      authors and is part of a series sponsored by the National Academy of Public
                      Administration called Transformational Trends in Governance & Democracy.
                      According to Montgomery Van Wart of California State University, San Bernardino,
                      “This is the most sophisticated volume of new essays to appear on administrative
                      leadership in several decades — perhaps ever. While individual essays frequently
                      advocate a particular perspective, the editors have beautifully counter-balanced
Rick Morse
                      the chapters to provide a wonderful — and very engaging — range of analysis.
                      It will likely become a staple in many classes on administrative leadership.”


Over the course of the last year, Rick Morse, Lydian Altman-Sauer, Leslie
Anderson, and graduate students worked with community members in the greater
Wilson area to engage the community, research demographic trends, solicit
feedback and ideas, and begin to form teams to implement the community’s
vision for its future. This community visioning process was a broad-based effort
that included the city and county of Wilson, business and community groups,
schools and colleges, nonprofit organizations, and churches. Growing out of a
mutual understanding of the necessity of creating a shared vision for the future
of the greater Wilson community, a group of about 40 citizens representing            Lydian Altman-Sauer
diverse interests led a complex process that involved more than 1500 people to
accomplish that ambitious goal. Decisions made through the process include adopting a statement
of the community’s desired future state (vision statement) as well as specific targets for improvement
(goals). Work continues as community action teams continue to refine their plan and implement their ideas.




                                                                                                   Fall 2007/Winter 2008 7
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  SCHOOL OF
                                  t
                                                 he School of Government            also tracks the status of orders and enables
                                                 launched a new online book-        buyers to view a record of past purchases.
GOVERNMENt                                       store in July that offers a con-   Behind the scenes, the centralized system
                                                 venient way to search for and      speeds up the time for shipment of orders
   LAUNCHES                       purchase publications. The new store pro-         and makes business processes more efficient
                                  vides a searchable database for customers         and reliable.
     ONLINE                       and allows the School to more efficiently            Early next year the bookstore will expand
                                  process purchases and manage shipping             again to include online registration for the
 BOOKStORE                        and inventory.                                    School’s courses and conferences.
                                      A significant feature of the new system is       Associate Dean for Information technol-
                                  the ability to search for publications using      ogy todd Nicolet commented, “The new
                                  a variety of criteria such as topic, author, or   online bookstore improves our ability to get
                                  title. Customers who search the site by topic,    the best resources to the right people. Inte-
                                  for example, receive a complete list and          grating courses into the same system will
                                  short descriptions of all related resources,      make it even easier for clients to find and
                                  from books and bulletins to Popular Govern-       acquire what they need in a single visit to
                                  ment articles.                                    our website.”
                                      First-time customers can create a personal       to browse the new online bookstore, visit
                                  profile, which means that information is en-      the School’s website at www.sog.unc.edu,
                                  tered just one time and then stored to make       and click on “Publications” in the upper right
                                  future purchases even easier. The system          corner of the screen.



shopp ing.ne t suite.com/s og store

                                                                                                          The online bookstore
                                                                                                          offers convenient,
                                                                                                          one-stop shopping for
                                                                                                          publications and
                                                                                                          School of Government
                                                                                                          merchandise.




8 Coates Connection
t
              he state of North Carolina is         • Focused, in-depth courses provide knowledge
              in the midst of monumental               and tools for elected officials to use in their
              change. The state is projected           own communities.
              to grow by more than 1 million        • Advanced programs will help leaders plan                ADVANCED
people in the next 20 years, moving us                 and implement strategies at the regional
from the 11th to the 7th largest state in the          and statewide level.                                    tRAINING
nation. This growth is an opportunity but              Participants who complete specified
                                                                                                          PROGRAM WILL
it also brings stresses and strains to our          courses and hours of attendance will be rec-
governmental services and systems. Many             ognized at the annual NCLM and NCACC                   SERVE NORtH
communities are searching for new and               conferences.
                                                                                                             CAROLINA’S
innovative ways to respond to economic,                “As county commissioners, we are com-
political, and demographic transformations.         mitted to learning as much as we can about           LOCAL ELECtED
Although these changes can place enormous           the issues that are facing counties,” said David
                                                                                                              OFFICIALS
pressure on local governments, they also            Young, Buncombe County commissioner
present an opportunity for elected officials        and president of NCACC. “The Local Elected
to think creatively and act collaboratively         Leaders Academy is the next step toward
when making decisions that shape North              helping us become stronger and more effec-
Carolina’s future.                                  tive leaders in our communities.”
   The School of Government, in partner-               Robert Partin, mayor of Scotland Neck
ship with the NC Association of County              and president of NCLM, commented,
Commissioners and the NC League of                  “Municipal and county officials have to work
Municipalities, is responding to this need          together to do what’s right for the state of
with the Local Elected Leaders Academy.             North Carolina. The Leadership Academy
This hands-on program of advanced educa-            gives us an opportunity to do that.”
tion will prepare local elected officials to meet      The Local Elected Leaders Academy
the challenges facing North Carolina in the         offered its first course in November and has
21st century.                                       several more planned for spring 2008. to
   Three levels of programming will be offered      learn more, visit the School of Government
through the Academy:                                website at www.sog.unc.edu/programs/
• Offered in alternating years, the Essentials      leadership.html or contact Donna Warner at
   of County Government and Essentials              919.962.1575 or warner@sog.unc.edu.
   of Municipal Government courses
   provide an orientation to North Carolina
   local government.




                                                                                                          Fall 2007/Winter 2008 9
w w w. so g . unc.edu




            DEMOCRACY AND CONFLICt                                                    learned how to connect select pieces of
                                                                                      young-adult literature to lessons on conflict
           RESOLUtION tRAINING HELD                                                   resolution and democracy. teachers also
                                                                                      participated in interactive activities such as
         FOR PIEDMONt-AREA tEACHERS                                                   “Police Call,” a role-play activity in which
                                                                                      participants act as law enforcement officers




                                      O
                                                                                      involved in breaking up various conflicts. The
                                                     n June 18 and 19, the School     goal of this role-play is to illustrate the ways
                                                     of Government’s NC Civic         in which law enforcement officers construc-
                                                     Education Consortium and         tively resolve conflicts in schools and com-
                                                     the Constitutional Rights        munities. Officer Greenlee of the Durham
                                      Foundation-Chicago co-hosted a unique           Police Department guided teachers through
                                      professional development opportunity for        the role-play and offered insight into law
                                      middle school teachers. Nineteen teachers       enforcement’s role in conflict resolution.
                                      from Durham, Guilford, and Orange counties         A generous donation from Durham-based
                                      learned about the Constitutional Rights         C.t. Wilson Construction Company provided
                                      Foundation-Chicago’s VOICE (Violence-           participants with a literature supplement and
                                      prevention Outcomes in Civic Education)         a stipend. The literature supplement included
                                      curriculum, which uses literature, law educa-   such notable titles as Remember: The Journey
C.T. Wilson Construction Company
of Durham generously provided
                                      tion, peer mediation, and service-learning to   to School Integration by toni Morrison, The
a literature supplement and a         educate students about democratic govern-       Giver by Lois Lowry, and Declaration of
participation stipend for teachers.   ment and conflict resolution.                   Independence by Sam Fink. A professional
                                         Throughout the two-day training, teachers    development grant from the Constitutional
                                                                                      Rights Foundation-Chicago funded the
                                                                                      participants’ materials as well as the trainer’s
                                                                                      time and travel.
                                                                                         to learn more about the Civic Education
                                                                                      Consortium and training opportunities for
                                                                                      educators, visit www.civics.org.




                                                                                         LaTonya Smith (second from right), a
                                                                                         Durham Public Schools social studies
                                                                                         teacher, is “arrested” in a role-play
                                                                                         activity as Durham Police Officer
                                                                                         Greenlee explains how police officers
                                                                                         work to resolve conflicts.




10 Coates Connection
                                                                                   &
MPA FLEx OFFERED                                  NORTH CA ROL INA
FOR MID-CAREER                                          NEWS NOtES
PROFESSIONALS


t
               he School of Government’s
               Master of Public Administra-       n   The deputy clerk of the City of Charlotte, Stephanie Kelly, was
               tion Program has introduced a          elected to the board of directors for the International Institute of
               new track for North Carolina           Municipal Clerks.
government professionals. MPA Flex will           n   The City of Gastonia has a new logo, which is part of a larger
provide an opportunity for practitioners              branding strategy. The logo features a background image of
to earn a Master of Public Administration             Charlotte’s skyscrapers combined with a modern font style to
degree on a part-time basis while maintaining         reflect Gastonia’s small-town atmosphere and big-city opportunities.
employment in local or state government.          n   The City of Salisbury was the statewide recipient of the 2007
Students in the MPA Flex track will take              Fit Community Award. The designation recognizes communities
courses with traditional students but will have       that support healthy eating, physical activity, and tobacco-free
the flexibility to complete their degrees on          living through policy and infrastructure. Salisbury was also desig-
a part-time basis over as many as five years.         nated as one of 19 “Cool Cities for 2007” by the North Carolina
                                                      Chapter of the Sierra Club. The award program recognizes cities
to learn more about the MPA Flex track,               that are actively addressing global warming through their envi-
contact Susan Lynch at mpastaff@sog.unc.edu           ronmental efforts. Salisbury’s leadership sets a great example for
or 919.962.0425.                                      small cities across North Carolina.

                                                  n   The goal of the City of Clinton’s March to a Million campaign
                                                      was to rally the entire community to raise $1,400,000 in four
                                                      months to build a new public high school. The 36-member
                                                      committee exceeded its goal by raising $2,000,087. The
                                                      successful effort was a leading reason for Clinton’s selection as
                                                      an All-American City for 2007.
                              A lovely Daniel
                              Johnston pot        n   Pitt Community College maintains contact with its talented
                              was donated             retirees through a monthly breakfast, where retirees have the
                              this summer to          opportunity to network and learn about new developments
                              the School of           on campus.
                              Government’s
                              new Gladys
                                                  n   Municipal clerks from Brunswick County have provided
                                                      assistance with marketing and hospitality for the local teen court,
                              Hall Coates
                                                      which has had a positive impact on the students participating in
                              Garden through
                                                      the program.
                              the generosity
                              of Kay Spivey,
                                                      Submit news from your community for the next issue of
                              the School’s            Coates Connection to Faith Thompson at fmthomps@sog.unc.edu
                              retired director        or 919.962.8477.
                              of human
                              resources.




                                                                                                     Fall 2007/Winter 2008 11
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FAQ       FREqUENTLy ASKED qUESTIONS
          FROM SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT CLIENTS


                                     This question was answered by Fleming Bell,
                                     professor of public law and government. Contact
                                     Bell at 919.966.4210 or bell@sog.unc.edu.

                                       Q:    Are members of city councils and       allows him or her to hear everything that is
                                     boards of county commissioners permitted       going on in the council chambers and allows
                                     to vote by telephone or by proxy?              those at the meeting to hear the member.
                                                                                    The clerk could also record how the mem-
          Fleming Bell
                                       A:   In my opinion, the vote of a council    ber would vote if he or she were physically
                                     member or commissioner participating in a      present at the meeting, and she or he could
                                     meeting by telephone or proxy would not        put this “telephone vote” (noted as such) in
                                     stand up if tested in court, because there     the minutes. Similarly, you could allow an
                                     is simply no statutory authority for the       absent member’s purported “proxy” (their
                                     practice. The Open Meetings Law men-           opinion) to be entered on the record. The
                                     tions meeting by conference telephone call,    bottom line is that I would not want to rely
                                     but that law is not an enabling statute — it   on such a vote to decide a case.
                                     only supplies rules that must be followed         Boards that do not have detailed statu-
                                     if a board is otherwise meeting properly       tory rules of procedure, the list of which
                                     under the general city enabling or county      includes most other local government
                                     enabling laws (see G.S. Chapter 160A,          boards, might be able to use telephone or
                                     Article 5, and Chapter 153A, Article 4, re-    proxy voting, if they have specifically pro-
                                     spectively). The enabling statutes establish   vided for it in their own internal rules of
                                     detailed rules for holding city council and    procedure. However, the answer to this
            Each issue of Coates     county board of commissioner meetings,         question is unclear.
                 Connection will     but they do not mention meeting by phone          Make sure that you consult your local
             feature a frequently    or proxy, in contrast to the statutes for      attorney in all situations involving “unusual”
            asked question from      private corporations, which allow for proxy    voting, and make sure that you follow the
           our clients, along with   voting and the like.                           attorney’s advice closely. Courts are quick
               a response from a        On the other hand, I see no reason not to   to invalidate actions if improper procedures
          School of Government       allow a board member to participate in the     were used, so it is essential for the attorney
                 faculty member.     discussion, as long as the two-way hook-up     to guide you every step of the way.




12 Coates Connection
COUNTy AND                                       tRANSYLVANIA COUNtY
MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT
                                                 StUDENt NAMED
PUBLICATION BREAKS
NEW GROUND
                                                 WICKER SCHOLAR



                                                 t
                                                               he School of Government
                                                               congratulates Laura Brookshire,




                        I
                                                               this year’s recipient of the
                                 n June the                    Warren Jake Wicker Under-
                                 School of       graduate Scholarship. Brookshire is a 2007
                                 Government      graduate of Brevard High School in tran-
                                 published       sylvania County. She graduated first in her
                           a new reference       class at Brevard and was a semifinalist for
                           book, County and      the University’s prestigious Morehead-
Municipal Government in North Carolina.          Cain scholarship. In high school she was an
The publication is the only comprehen-                                                           Laura Brookshire
                                                 officer in the student council and partici-
sive treatment of the legal foundations,         pated in band, cross-country, and track.
organization, and administration of the          She volunteered extensively for community
state’s counties and cities. It updates          service organizations, including the Boys
and replaces two books, County Govern-           and Girls Club, Girls on the Run, and 4-H,
ment in North Carolina, last published in        in addition to tutoring elementary school
1998, and Municipal Government in North          students in reading and math. Her parents
Carolina, last published in 1996.                are employed by transylvania County and
   For the first time, this complete reference   transylvania County Schools.
is offered as a CD-ROM and as individual            The $1,000 scholarship is awarded an-
articles. The articles may be viewed on the      nually to an entering first-year student
School’s website and saved for reference as      at UNC-Chapel Hill with a parent who
nonprintable PDFs. In addition, the book         has worked at the local government level
may be purchased in loose-leaf format            for five or more years. The next application
or as individual articles in PDF format.         deadline is April 1, 2008. For more infor-
   A new online shopping cart now makes it       mation, contact Megan Dillin, UNC Office
possible for buyers to browse, search for, and   of Scholarships, at megan_dillin@unc.edu
purchase books or bulletins directly from        or 919.962.3620.
the School’s website. For more information,         The scholarship was created by the
visit the School’s County and Municipal          1990 Municipal and County Administration
Government page online at www.sog.unc.           class to honor the course director, Warren
edu/pubs/cmg, or call the Publications           Jake Wicker. Wicker was a member of the
Sales Office at 919.966.4119.                    School faculty for 48 years until his death
                                                 in 2003.




                                                                                                     Fall 2007/Winter 2008 13
w w w. so g . unc.edu




   A NEW LOOK

                                        t
                                                      he School of Government              • Community Problem-Solving
                                                      website has a fresh new look.          and Collaboration
 AND IMPROVED                                         The redesigned site features         • Corrections
                                                      improved navigation and new          • Courts and Judicial Administration
   NAVIGAtION                           information that makes it easier for visitors      • Criminal Law
FOR SCHOOL OF                           to find what they are looking for.                 • Education Law
                                           A new “Courses and Resources” link on           • Employment Law
  GOVERNMENt                            the front page offers an easy way to find          • Environment
       WEBSItE                          educational resources within 21 categories:        • Evaluation and Measurement
                                           • Civic Education                               • Family Law
                                           • Civil Law and Procedure                       • Health and Human Services
                                           • Community and Economic Development            • Human Resource Management
                                                                                           • Information Technology
                                                                                           • Juvenile Law
                                                                                           • Land Use Planning and Development
w w w. s og.unc .edu                                                                       • Leadership and Governance
                                                                                           • Local Government Budget, Finance,
                                                                                             and Taxation
                                                                                           • Local Government Law
                                                                                           • State Government
                                                                                           Each category features a Welcome page
                                                                                        describing the School’s work in that area
                                                                                        with links to faculty and program per-
                                                                                        sonnel, related sites, courses and course
                                                                                        registration, and publications.
                                                                                           Visitors are invited to explore the School
                                                                                        of Government’s website at www.sog.unc.
                                                                                        edu. If you have questions or comments
                                                                                        about the site, please use the online feed-
                                                                                        back form on the Contact Us page, or
                                                                                        call 919.966.5381.




The School of Government’s new website features improved
navigation that makes it easier for visitors to find information
on courses and publications.




14 Coates Connection
CONtRIBUtING                                             Thank you to all who support the School of Government.
                                                         We gratefully acknowledge the following gifts and pledges

FRIENDS                                                  made to the School of Government Foundation between
                                                         June 1, 2007, and October 31, 2007.



Individuals                     Jasper D. Evans                  F. Fetzer Mills               tonya C. Walton
                                Dorus Edgar Faires               Pennington Martin Mills       F. Hardin Watkins Jr.
G. Wayne Abernathy              Robyn Schryer Fehrman            Christopher Paul Morrill      Christopher Delamar Welch
J. Allen Adams                  Lucille E. Fidler                Carolyn Bond Morrison         Jesse L. White Jr.
J. Russell Allen                William Alan Flexner             Fred G. Morrison Jr.          Ann t. Whitworth
Gregory S. Allison Jr.          Fred Folger Jr.                  Benjamin Thomas Murphrey II   Angela L. Williams
Joyce A. Allman                 Bryan Douglas Foster             Charles B. Neely Jr.          Beverly Ann Williams
Stephen Allred                  Carl Raynard Fox                 Brian Sean Newport            Elizabeth Williams
David Neil Ammons               G. Linwood Futrelle Jr.          Miriam Oates                  Wright Anderson Williams
Susan Lipman Austin             A. Lee Galloway                  William O’Brien               Carlton Forrest Williamson
E. Burt Aycock Jr.              Martha Cole Glenn                Marcia Dean Onieal            Andy Willis III
Michael Earle Beale             Joe Brannon Godfrey Jr.          Cary Caperton Owen            Jennifer Herrera Willis
Bree Danielle Bean              Jane Nisbet Goode                Charles Dexter Owen Jr.       Abner Carr Withers Jr.
A. Fleming Bell II
Stacey Isaac Berahzer           Seddon Goode Jr.                 Michael Matthew Owens         Kenneth Paul Woodcock
Maureen Berner                  Amy Marie Gorely                 Abby Parcell                  Pat & Richard Woodcock
John Brereton Bestic Jr.        todd Gilbert Grantham            Joseph Mayon Parker           Noah Woods
Marvin Allen Bethune            Shannon B. Graves-King           Eric J. Peterson              Lee Worsley Jr.
Elroy Donald Black Jr.          Frank Gray                       Harold B. Poole Jr.           James Lee Wright III
Rebecca Weathers Blackmore      Howard Ralph Greeson Jr.         todd Evan Povar               Edward A. Wyatt V
tony Lynn Blalock               Barbara Dwyer Gunn               William R. Purcell            Martha A. Zeigler
Jerri Lynne Bland               A.D. Guy                         Stephen W. Raper
Henry D. Blinder                Ruffin Hall                      Martha Reed                   County
H. Hazen Blodgett III           Suzanne Marie Harris             Candace Marie Reynolds
                                Gwendolyn Harvey                 Jeff Richardson               Durham County
Margaret Kirkpatrick Bond
Linda Bowland                   Dianne Hatley                    Christina Elizabeth Ritchie
L. Ellen Bradley                Myra A. Heard                    Larry Scott Roadman           Municipality
Sean Brandon                    Margaret Hill Henderson          Philip Gregory Rogers         City of Asheville
Cyrus Brooks                    W. Brian Hiatt                   A. Douglas Rothwell
Mary M. Brown                   Wally Hill                       Sharon Johnson Rothwell       Associations
Emily Shackelford Bruce         F. Ray Hockaday Jr.              Joel Kenan Sasser
                                John David Holloway              John L. Saxon                 Alumni Association of the
J. Shepard Bryan Jr.                                                                             NC Municipal & County
Charles Clifford Cameron        Elizabeth Myatt Holsten          Beverly Scarlett
                                Pam Holt                         John Eugene Schelp              Administration Course
Jerry Maurice Carter                                                                           NC City-County Management
Kenneth Lee Carter Jr.          W. Calvin Horton                 Christopher Richard Sherman
                                Norma M. Houston                 Harold Bundick Shill III        Association
George French Chandler                                                                         NC League of Municipalities
Clark Hanes Charlton            James Milton Howerton            Wayne H. Shoaf
                                Jeffrey Alan Hughes              Kenneth Weid Shoffner         NC Local Government Investment
Jennifer Eisenmenger Charlton                                                                    Assoc.
George Montgomery Cleland III   Phyllis Alfred Hughes            Adrienne L. Simonson
                                Kate Kennedy Irvin               Ann Cary Simpson              NC Superior Court Judges Conference
Jean D. Coble                                                                                  NCLGISA
tanya J. Conklin                Ellen Johnson                    James Hugh Slaughter
                                Mitchell Johnson                 Michael R. Smith              UNC MPA Alumni Association
David Craig Cooke
Frank Cope                      Jason James Kaus                 Cynthia Ann Sommer
Monica Deneen Croskey           Elizabeth Keever                 Brandy Nichole Sparks         Businesses
Michael Crowell                 Anne Marie Knighton              Wanda Kay tilley Spivey       Capital Management of the
Elizabeth Kolb Cunningham       Benjamin Marcus Lane             Betsy Ross Howe Stafford        Carolinas LLC
J. Calvin Cunningham III        Stephanie Mooring Langlois       Valerie Ann Stafford-Fox      Duke Energy Corp.
Larry Michael Davis             David George Leonetti            Carl W. Stenberg              Lawyers Mutual Liability Ins. Co. of NC
Bernita W. Demery               taylor Libby                     John B. Stephens              Miley Gallo & Associates LLC
Shea Riggsbee Denning           Alfred Robert Light              Richard Stevens               Progress Energy
teresa Derrick-Mills            Mollie Hall Light                Glen Stine                    Public Financial Management Inc.
John Elliot Dervin              John Frank Lomax Jr.             Lee A. Stone                  RBC Centura Banks Inc.
Lawrence Peter DiRe             W. Christopher Long              Sarah Lindsay tate            Tharrington Smith, Attorneys At Law
Jim Donnelly                    Katie Renee Loovis               Ronda Denise tatum
Jessica Lynn Dorrance           Peter F. Lydens                  Faith M. Thompson
Barbara Dunn                    James Markham                    L. Steve Thornburg            Foundations
Robert C. Easley Jr.            Thomas Floyd Martin              Anthony Ray triplett          Broyhill Family Foundation Inc.
tanya Maureen Easley            Linda F. McAbee                  Mary Frances Vigue            Cannon Foundation
Albert Luther Ellis III         Laurie L. Mesibov                Grant Raymond Vinik           Food Lion Charitable Foundation
Donald Ralph Esposito Jr.       Florentine Alfreda Miller        Reyna Simone Walters          triangle Community Foundation




                                                                                                            Fall 2007/Winter 2008 15
w w w. so g . unc.edu                                                                                                         Printed on Recycled Paper




yOU SPOKE AND WE LISTENED!                                                                       Key Findings
                                                                                                  1 Many of those interviewed indicated that they




                 Thank You
                                                                                                 would like more specific information on the fund-
                                                                                                 ing needs of the School, including details on how
                                                                                                 they can best work to meet those needs and how
                                                                                                 previous donations have been utilized.
                                                                                                 n A new giving brochure is now available to help
                                                                                                     our Friends understand and appreciate the im-
                   Thank you for sharing your ideas                                                  portance of private and public contributions in
                   on the next phase of the Friends program                                          supplementing the School’s operating funds.
                                                                                                     This brochure is being distributed with School
                                                                                                     publications and course materials and already
                                                                                                     has helped to cultivate new donors. to request
                                                                                                     your copy, contact Becky Carter at carter@sog.
In April 2007 Faith Thompson joined the School of Government as                                      unc.edu or 919.843.2556.
assistant dean for development. From June through September, Thompson
                                                                                                  2 Many of the School’s clients said they would
traveled around the state, meeting with clients and Friends to solicit their                     like to see the School of Government hold public
input for the next phase of the program. Two of the key findings of these                        forums around North Carolina to discuss the his-
                                                                                                 tory, present, and future of the School and the role
conversations are presented at right, along with recommendations for the                         it plays in creating good government.
School’s staff, friends, local government retirees, and event sponsors.                          n Members of the Friends program are being
                                                                                                      asked to initiate contact with existing forums
                                                                                                      (civic organization meetings, professional asso-
Proposed Regions for Friends Program                                                                  ciation annual gatherings, and associated busi-
                                                                                                      ness meetings) as a venue for discussions about
                                                                     33 Counties                      the School.
              21 Counties                                                                        n The School of Government is undertaking a
                                                                                                      strategic planning process this winter that will
                                                                                                      include focus groups; these gatherings may
                                                                                                      present an opportunity to build awareness as
                                                                                                      well as solicit ideas from the School’s clients
                                                                                                      and Friends.
                                                                                                 n Members of the Friends program are being

                      26 Counties
                                                                                                      asked to refer five colleagues in their region who
                                                                                                      are prospects for underwriting and sponsorship
                                                                                   20 Counties        needs. Please send your recommendations to
                                                                                                      Faith Thompson at the e-mail address below.

                                                                                                     Thank you for sharing your input with us about
                                                                                                 the future of the Friends program. to learn more,
Many Friends of the School commented that they would like to see the                             or to share other ideas on the future of the Friends
development of fewer and larger regions. This map represents proposed                            program, contact Faith Thompson at 919.962.8477
regions that would help to meet this goal and facilitate greater interaction                     or fmthomps@sog.unc.edu. Also, visit us on the web
across disciplines and geographic locations.                                                     at www.sog.unc.edu/development/index.html.




                                                                                                                                         Nonprofit Org.
                                                                                                                                          US Postage

          The UniversiTy                KNAPP-SANDERS BUILDING
                                                                                                                                            PAID
                                                                                                                                          Permit 216
          of norTh Carolina             CAMPUS BOx 3330
          at Chapel hill                CHAPEL HILL, NC 27599-3330                                                                       Chapel Hill NC

				
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