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Developmental Delay Fact Sheet - Developmental Delay

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					            Learning Together Every step of the way
             CITY OF TORONTO | EARLY CHILDHOOD SERVICES TEAM: COMMUNITY LIVING TORONTO | SURREY PLACE CENTRE



    FACT SHEET

    Developmental Delay
    What is a developmental delay?                                   common in males compared to females. As chil-
                                                                     dren move into the school system, many are diag-
    Children identified as “developmentally delayed”                 nosed with a more specific disability.
    tend to develop at a slower rate than typical chil-
    dren of the same age level. This may be evident in               How is it diagnosed or detected?
    a single area of development, or in multiple areas.
    Developmental delay is a noncategorical label                    For typically developing children, a paediatri-
    often used by educators and health practitioners                 cian should screen for delays in their development
    who are reluctant to identify preschoolers with a                during regular examinations. This may consist of
    categorical label. Even with typical development,                simple questions about what a child is able to do,
    there are age ranges for developmental milestones.               or may include a formal screening test.

    How is it manifested?                                            Common characteristics, which may be apparent in
                                                                     a child with a developmental delay, include
    Common reasons why a child might be develop-
    mentally delayed are                                             • difficulty with change or transition periods
                                                                     • difficulty remaining on-task and with task-com-
    •   premature birth                                                pletion
    •   hospitalization immediately or soon after birth              • difficulty understanding concepts that are ab-
    •   insufficient brain cell development                            stract, as opposed to concrete
    •   damage to brain cells before or during birth (e.g.,          • delays in expressive and/or receptive language
        Cerebral Palsy)                                                development
                                                                     • problems organizing and/or remembering infor-
    It is not uncommon for a developmental delay to                    mation
    co-exist with another disorder, such as                          • difficulty during unstructured activities

    • behavioural and emotional disorders - inherent                 Additional Resources:
      or related to physical, sexual or emotional abuse
      early in life                                                  KEEP KIDS HEALTHY -
    • sensory impairments – vision or hearing prob-                  www.keepkidshealthy.com
      lems                                                           Keep Kids Healthy is a medical and parenting web site.
    • medical/health conditions – allergies or asthma                It is designed as a paediatrician’s guide to your children’s
                                                                     health and safety. It is meant to supplement the informa-
    • genetic disorders (e.g., Down Syndrome)
                                                                     tion that you receive from your child’s physician, with a
    • Attention Deficit Disorder
                                                                     special emphasis on better health through preventative
                                                                     care.
    Who is affected?
                                                                     CHILD AND FAMILY CANADA - www.cfc-efc.ca
    Developmental delay is the most common type                      Child and Family Canada is a unique Canadian public
    of disability among preschool children. It is more               education website. Fifty Canadian non-profit organiza-


    The content contained in this document is for general information purposes. It is not the intention to diagnose or treat a child.
Learning Together - Fact Sheet                                                                                                page 1 of 2
    Developmental Delay, continued
    tions have come together under the banner of Child               Association for Community Living, an active participant
    and Family Canada to provide quality, credible resources         in the international movement in support of people
    on children and families on an easy-to-navigate website.         with intellectual disabilities.

    FAMILY ALLIANCE ONTARIO -                                        SuRREY PLACE CENTRE -
    www.family-alliance.com                                          www.surreyplace.on.ca
    Family Alliance Ontario is an alliance of citizens that of-      Surrey Place Centre is a leading community-based
    fers knowledge, tools and networking opportunities to            organization in Toronto providing complex diagnostics,
    individuals with disabilities and their families. Their goal     counseling, service coordination, behavioural therapy
    is to assist these individuals realize a vision that includes    and educational programs to people living with a devel-
    having valued relationships, choice and control in their         opmental disability and their families.
    lives, and enables inclusion through meaningful contribu-
    tion and participation in their communities.                     PERSONS wITH DISABILITIES ONLINE -
                                                                     www.pwd-online.ca
    ABILITY ONLINE - www.ablelink.org                                Uses information technology to provide integrated ac-
    Ability Online is an extraordinary and absolutely free           cess to information, programs and services for persons
    Internet community. Here, young people with disabili-            with disabilities, their families, their caregivers, service
    ties and illnesses connect with all kinds of possibilities       providers and all Canadians.
    that address their needs as curious, growing citizens of
    the planet. They meet and chat with other people like            guIDE TO gOvERNMENT OF CANADA
    them in a virtual world that transcends boundaries and           SERvICES FOR PEOPLE wITH DISABILITIES
    barriers. They make friends, get tips from mentors, and          SERvICES FOR PEOPLE wITH DISABILITIES
    freely participate in an atmosphere of collaboration,            guIDE
    companionship and support.                                       c/o Canada Enquiry Centre
                                                                     Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0J9 CANADA
    COMMuNITY LIvINg TORONTO -                                       Phone: 1-800-622-6232
    www.commnunitylivingtoronto.ca
    For over 50 years Community Living Toronto has been a            This guide about Government of Canada services and
    source of support for thousands of individuals search-           programs for people with disabilities provides informa-
    ing for accessible and meaningful ways to live a more            tion on everything from employment, accessibility and
    normal life in the community. Community living spans             education, to health, income support and tax benefits. A
    a lifetime and Community Living Toronto strives to               section tells you how to contact your provincial or ter-
    support people with intellectual disabilities at different       ritorial government to find out about its programs and
    stages of their lives. Community Living Toronto believes         services for people with disabilities.
    that everyone should be a part of the community, no
    matter how unique or special their needs.

    ONTARIO ASSOCIATION FOR
    COMMuNITY LIvINg (OACL) -
    www.communitylivingontario.ca
    The OACL supports local associations throughout On-
    tario, by linking the associations and their members with
    resources and information, and by offering training and
    consultation in the areas of family support, education,
    employment, human rights, community participation,
    advocacy and self-planning. This site provides access to
    information regarding OACL’s initiatives on behalf of
    people with developmental disabilities, member agencies
    and related links. OACL is a member of the Canadian


    The content contained in this document is for general information purposes. It is not the intention to diagnose or treat a child.
Learning Together - Fact Sheet                                                                                                page 2 of 2

				
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