VIEWS: 206 PAGES: 32

									                                            Environmental Newsletter of the City of Cape Town
                                            Published by the City of Cape Town Environmental Resource Management Department, in partnership       Volume 1/07
THIS CITY WORKS FOR YOU                     with City Health, Transport, Spatial Development, Solid Waste, Water and Town Planning.             February 2007

CAPE TOWN UPDATES                                                                                                            Contents

BIODIVERSITY NETWORK                                                                                                          1 Cape Town updates
                                                                                                                                 Biodiversity Network

                                                                                                                            4-7 News from the City’s
        he City of Cape Town has adopted a new              The City of Cape Town is therefore committed
        Biodiversity Network of Sites, with the           to implementing a Biodiversity Strategy as part                        Environmental Resource
        condition that the Network will be finalised      of the Integrated Metropolitan Environmental
in discussions with both Environmental Resource           Policy process. The strategy has resulted in                           Management team
Management (Nature Conservation) and City                 the identification of the Biodiversity Network of Sites.          8-9 Unsustainability gets a red
Spatial Development.                                        During 2001/2002, a systematic conservation
   Known as the Biodiversity Network, these sites are     planning study was undertaken to identify the                          card: an environmentally
the minimum needed to conserve a representative           minimum set of sites required as a basis for the
                                                                                                                                 sound 2010 World Cup
sample of the City’s unique biodiversity and thus         Biodiversity Network. During 2006 the network
promote sustainable development.                          was updated using a remnant layer derived from                  10-11 Biodiversity management
   Cape Town has the unfortunate distinction of           much more recent 2005 aerial photography and
being the city with the highest number of threatened      local vegetation types aligned to the latest national
                                                                                                                          12-13 Coastal zone management
plant species in the world – almost a third of the        vegetation types. This enables City conservation                14-16 Energy and climate change
threatened plants in the Cape Floral Kingdom are          targets to be aligned with national conservation
found within the boundaries of Cape Town.                 targets.                                                           17 City parks
   The City of Cape Town is also home to 3,5 million        In addition, the conservation priorities and                  1 8-20 Environmental education
people. There is a massive demand for housing,            targets of CapeNature were also aligned into the
with more and more land being developed to                City’s Biodiversity Network.                                      21 Enviromedia conference
accommodate the estimated 50 000 new migrants
                                                                                                                          22-23 Local agenda 21
to the city every year. On top of this, there is a         South Africa is the third most biodiversity
backlog of 400 000 families on the housing waiting        rich country in the world – largely owing to                    24-25 Spatial development
lists.                                                      the Cape and Succulent Karoo floras and
   It is therefore essential that the City plans and        associated fauna. The City of Cape Town                       26-27 Non-motorised transport
directs housing to suitable areas, while balancing         falls within the smallest yet richest of the                     28 Waste management
the needs of our precious natural heritage. The only         world’s six Plant Kingdoms – the Cape
option for sustainability and improved quality of             Floral Kingdom. This Kingdom is one                           29 Sustainable development
life is to ensure that the built, cultural and natural           of 25 internationally recognised
                                                                                                                            30 Water management
environment are integrated.                                     ‘hottest’ hotspots of biodiversity.
                                                                                                - continued on page 2 -     31 Environmental
                                                         Rare bulb found on the Flats
                                                                                                                            32 Awards and staff news

                                                            n September 2006, a criticially endangered bulb
                                                            was found to be flowering at Edith Stephens
                                                            Wetland Park, one of the city-managed remnants
                                                         on the Cape Flats. Lachenalia arbuthnotiae is
                                                         a rare bulb, a member of the Hyacinth family. It
                                                         used to be common on the Cape Flats, but is now
                                                         restricted to only one or two sites owing to habitat
                                                         destruction, mainly for housing development.
                                                         Lachenalia arbuthnotiae is now considered to

                                                         be extremely threatened, or ‘Critically Endangered’
                                                         in the Red Data List. The bulb was found by
                                                         volunteers of CREW (Custodians of Rare and
                                                         Endangered Wildflowers).

                                                         Dinilesizwe Gudlindlu, a nature conservation student,
                                                         and Mr Arendse of the Edith Stephens Wetland Park,
                                                         view the Lachenalia in its habitat.

 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

  Successfully implemented, this network will contribute to Council’s goals of
integrated human settlement by improving quality of life and creating easy access
to safe natural areas; economic growth by creating tourism and job opportunities;
to development by ensuring sustainable use of natural and cultural resources.

The updated Biodiversity Network of minimum sites includes:
• 108 remnants that are mapped within a protected area boundary;
• 349 additional remnants that are required to meet vegetation targets; and
• another 26 remnants that are required to meet species targets.

Eighteen different national vegetation types occur in Cape Town, and of these,
City conservation targets can be met for only nine. For the other vegetation types,
all remaining natural remnants are important to secure a representative sample of
the City’s biodiversity.
Current flagship projects of the network include:
• The False Bay Ecology Park – an example of a multi-use urban park conserving
     biodiversity and providing significant benefits to the citizens of Cape Town
     (see p.10)
• Various nature reserves such as Rondevlei, Tygerberg and Helderberg,
     which conserve biodiversity while delivering tangible benefits to the local
     communities in the form of environmental education, amenities, and tourism
• Blaauwberg Conservation Area – an example of a Biodiversity Node which
     demonstrates huge potential for tourism, recreation and biodiversity
     conservation (see p.10 and 11)
• Cape Flats Nature Project – an example of managing biodiversity in a
     people-centred way.

    For more information, please contact Dr Patricia Holmes, Environmental Resource Management,
                    on 082 298 4564 or email:

                                   MESSAGE FROM COUNCILLOR MARIAN NIEUWOUDT

                                           hese past few months have proven yet again how much can be achieved in environmental resource management by
                                           working together – with civil society, with provincial government and with agencies such as CapeNature.
                                             For example, our goal of having roaming herds of eland and other game species near Blaauwberg Hill is closer to
                                     reality because of a partnership between the City, CapeNature and the Friends of the Blaauwberg Conservation Area (BCA)
                                     (see page 10). To build the BCA’s new 2,1m high game fence, the City provided the labour and materials, CapeNature supplied
                                     a team of expert field rangers to install the fence, and the Friends of the BCA provided refreshments.
                                       And two of the most significant conservation areas in Cape Town, the BCA and the Greater Zandvlei Estuary Reserve,
                                     have received formal conservation status thanks to recognition by the Western Cape Provincial Department of Environment,
                                     Planning and Economic Development.
      Both reserves are of immense conservation and recreational importance. Sound ecological management of the resource is needed to ensure that these
    complementary uses continue in a healthy and thriving natural environment. With this Provincial declaration we are moving closer to achieving our goal of
    having eight percent of the land and 20% of the coastline declared protected areas by 2010, under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
      Yet another partnership, this time with the National Education Department and the Western Cape Education Department for the SABC Education Careers
    Fair (see page 18), emphasised the important role that the City of Cape Town can play in supporting the objectives of the United Nations Decade on Education
    for Sustainable Development. This Decade requires an international movement to create a more sustainable world for all.
      For the duration of the Careers Fair, the City ran an Environmental Career Centre that provided information about environmentally related careers, bursaries
    and possible job opportunities to our youth.
      We look forward, therefore, to a new year filled with productive, empowering partnerships that help us build a more sustainable City and a more sustainable

    Cllr Marian Niewoudt
    Member of the Mayoral Committee: Planning and Environment

2                                                                     MESSAGES
                       MESSAGE FROM STEPHEN BOSHOFF

                            ince the previous issue of Enviroworks, we can look back on a period in which we accomplished many achievements
                            and overcome many challenges in the environmental resource management of our City. In particular, the last year
                            has been one in which the City continued to play a leading role in major environmental priorities and issues at urban,
                            national, regional and international level.
                      Amid ongoing institutional challenges, crisis management and new emerging needs, we have reinforced the preciousness
                     and importance of our City’s natural environmental assets and resources in the lives of all people in our City, our economy
and our institutions.
  As a local authority, we have illustrated the important role of the City in dealing with sensitive environmental issues affecting the communities
of Cape Town and the Western Cape, as well the merits of working in partnership with communities and environmental stakeholders and role
  The Environmental Resource Management Department has worked hard to ensure our ability and effectiveness in responding to all these factors
– and this publication shows evidence of this hard work, leadership, innovation and creativity.

Stephen Boshoff
Executive Director: Strategy and Planning

                       MESSAGE FROM OSMAN ASMAL

                                  ver the past six months we have shown that with proper intergovernmental relations we can achieve significantly
                                  more. In August, the National Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Provincial Government of the
                                  Western Cape and the City of Cape Town worked in partnership with the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) in Cape
                        Town to the host the third GEF Conference. In addition, Cape Town proposed to GEF that local governments play a stronger
                        role in future GEF Conferences.
                          Within the City of Cape Town, further internal changes in the Department have arisen, with the transfer of the District
Environmental Management staff from the Town Planning Department to the Environmental Resource Management Department. We anticipate
that this will catalyse delegation of environmental and heritage functions from other agencies to the City of Cape Town. In addition, this move may
result in increasing the environmental legal compliance of the City.
  The realignment of the organisation has also seen the Strategy and Development Directorate change its name to the Strategy and Planning
  The Environmental Resource Management Department continues to lead with eco-efficient principles and greening of events. This year the
City completed a business plan for the Cape Town host city 2010 World Cup Greening Business plan. In addition, in partnership, with the Town
Planning Department, we have completed a draft green buildings design guideline and a solar water heater by-law. The City has also signed a
one-year agreement on Integrated Resources Management for Urban Development, worth more than R2-million, with the Sustainability Institute
and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This programme looks at strengthening the skills and information base available in Cape
Town. To build local eco-efficient design capacity, in order to stimulate the development of new business and make this an important new market
niche. Some of the interest groups that will be targeted include architects, community development groups, town planners, engineers, designers,
commercial and residential property developers and government officials.
  I take this opportunity to wish you everything of the best for 2007.

Osman Asmal
Director: Environmental Resource Management, City of Cape Town

Volume 1/07 • February 2007

    CITY OF CAPE TOWN                                                                City delegate
    The Environmental Resource Management Department undertakes the                  reports on
    following key tasks under the functional areas listed below:

                                                                                     climate change
                 MANAGER: GODFREY MVUMA
                 • Environmental Policy & Strategy                                   conference
                 • Environmental Performance & Information
                 • Strategic Coordination
                                                                                     The City of Cape Town was
                     (Poverty Alleviation & Extended Public Works Programme)         represented at the United
                 • Project & Partnership Development
                 • Coastal Coordination & Coastal Zone Management
                                                                                     Nations Climate Change
                 • Strategy Development & Coordination                               Conference in Nairobi
                 Tel: 021 487 2355 E-mail:
                                                                                     (6 to 17 November 2006)
    INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT                                              by Shirene Rosenberg,
                  MANAGER: KEITH WISEMAN
                  • Environmental Review Coordination
                                                                                     the manager, Resource
                  • Heritage Resource Management                                     Management.
                  • Environmental Management Systems & Audit Protocol

                  • Environmental Law, Monitoring & Enforcement                            he conference was attended by more than
                  Tel: 021 487 2283 E-mail:                  6 000 participants from 180 countries,
                                                                                           including the UN secretary-general, Kofi
    NATURE CONSERVATION                                                              Annan. President Mwai Kibaki of Kenya and
                  MANAGER: JULIA WOOD                                                Switzerland’s President Moritz Leuenberger
                  • Nature Reserve Management                                        addressed the event, as did ministers and delegates
                  • Biodiversity Strategy Coordination                               from 92 countries.
                  • Monitoring & Evaluation                                            An important topic of discussion was the recent
                  • Protected Area Status                                            Stern Report, says Rosenberg, which sends the clear
                  • Alien Invasive Species Coordination                              message that the environmental and economic
                  Tel: 021 487 2352 E-mail:               impact of climate change will be worst in Africa.
                                                                                       “The challenge facing us therefore is to achieve
    RESOURCE MANAGEMENT                                                              policy coherence, media development and
                 MANAGER: SHIRENE ROSENBERG                                          community empowerment in order to minimise
                 • Energy & Climate Change                                           these impacts on our economic and natural
                 • Clean Development Mechanism                                       resources. How do we establish debate and action
                 • Renewable Energy Projects                                         towards a more sustainable development path?”
                 • Local Agenda 21                                                     Much of the debate centred on how cities are
                 • Cleaner Production & Sustainable Procurement                      drivers for change, says Rosenberg.
                 Tel: 021 487 2124 E-mail:           “Development policies that are aware of
                                                                                     climate change can contribute towards lowering
    ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION, TRAINING & COMMUNICATIONS                               greenhouse gas emissions and producing city
                 MANAGER: KOBIE BRAND                                                economies and populations less at risk,” she says.
                 • Environmental Education                                           “However, climate change is still viewed as a
                 • Training                                                          global environmental issue and therefore a far-off
                 • Communications & Marketing                                        concern.”
                 • Public Awareness                                                    “On the flip side, however, climate specialists
                 Tel: 021 487 2293 E-mail:               focus on emission reduction outside of a develop-
                                                                                     ment context, and do not assist cities in learning
    The Department is supported by a Support Services Branch, as follows:            how to change or adapt. Equally, climate-change
    SUPPORT SERVICES                                                                 science, as well as international negotiations,
                       MANAGER: MARIANA VOLSCHENK                                    deal mainly with global and regional impacts and
                       • Project support                                             are less able to provide reliable assessments or
                       • HR and general administration                               guidance for cities. Cities need to raise their
                       • Finance                                                     voices in this regard.” For more information on the
                       Tel: 021 487 2353 E-mail:   conference visit

ExPO SHOWS GIS IN ACTION                                                                   With the expo theme of ‘GIS working for you’, the EIS team was able to
                                                                                         demonstrate how the information from this system is used to make better
                                                                                         decisions about issues such as development in biodiversity hotspots and a
                                                                                         rapidly increasing urban footprint.
                                                                                           ERM’s stall attracted many City officials eager to see the first heritage
                                                                                         database inventory, says Thandeka Thukula, an EIS analyst.
                                                                                           “Members of the public were also interested, as they had queries about
                                                                                         environmental impact assessments, for example, and wanted to see how the
                                                                                         EIS is used in that regard.”
                                                                                           The Environmental Management Framework (EMF), under way for the urban
                                                                                         renewal areas (see Enviroworks Vol 2/06 p.18), is a good example of how EIS
                                                                                         can influence decision-making in strategic projects, says Thukula.
                                                                                           To offer further insight into how EIS could speed up service delivery in
                                                                                         environmental management, ERM displayed maps of the EMF as well as maps
                                                                                         of the new biodiversity network (see p.9).

The Executive Mayor of Cape Town getting to grips with the GIS technology on display
at the City’s 2006 GIS EXPO. Next to the Mayor from left to right, Bulelwa Mohamed,
Dept of Land Affairs; Keith Smith, Director: Strategic Development Information & GIS
(COTT); and Dr Solomon Bhunu, Manager: Corporate GIS (COTT).

      he Environmental Resource Management (ERM) department was among
      23 exhibitors at the City of Cape Town’s first Geographic Information
      System (GIS) expo, hosted in mid-November 2006.
  The department displayed its environmental information system (EIS),
which uses environmental information for strategic planning and land-use
management. The geographic information also facilitates compliance with
environmental legislation.                                                               Thandeka Tukula, Environmental Resource Management; Marjorie Carew,
  The EIS contains information in digital map format in ‘environmental layers’,          Town Planning Department; and Lorraine Gerrans, a consultant who worked on
such as coastal zones, biodiversity networks and heritage.                               the City’s Heritage Mapping project.

               Funding boost for urban environmental projects
T   he City has received a R2,78 million donation from the Danish International Development Agency’s (Danida) Urban Environmental programme (UEM), for
    assistance in creating jobs, building communities, improving service delivery and facilitating sustainable development through environmental projects within the
City. The City will initiate new environmental projects and improve existing projects with the funding. City departments that will therefore benefit from the funding
include City Health, Information and Knowledge Management, ERM and City Spatial Development.

                                                                                              ICLEI’s Africa secretariat puts
                                                                                               down roots in Cape Town
                                                                                         The Global Local Action for Biodiversity (LAB) programme (see Enviroworks
                                                                                       Vol 2/06, p.6) has taken root in Cape Town with the appointment of two full-
                                                                                       time project coordinators, Shona Young and André Mader.
                                                                                         The LAB programme will form part of ICLEI’s Africa secretariat, which has
                                                                                       recently relocated to Cape Town (right next door to the ERM).
                                                                                         The LAB programme aims to bring together 15 cities to explore the best
                                                                                       ways for local governments to engage in effective biodiversity protection and
                                                                                       André Mader, Coordinator: Urban Biodiversity; and Shona Young, Coordinator:
                                                                                       Management and Communication.

                    For more information about ICLEI Africa, please visit
              For more information about the LAB programme, please visit

                                                          ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS                                                                                           
Volume 1/07 • February 2007

    Local government at heart of sustainability, says Zille

      “Local governments will,       T  he City of Cape Town has appealed to
                                        international environmental organisations to
                                     place greater emphasis on the role played by local
                                                                                             The GEF is the world’s largest environmental
                                                                                           funding body, but it has largely been represented
                                                                                           by national government delegations.
          more and more,             government in sustainable development.                  “It is critical that the voice of local governments is
    be expected to ensure that         Speaking at the Third Global Environment Facility   heard in these discussions,” said Zille.
                                     (GEF) Congress, hosted in Cape Town at the end of
                                                                                             “Cities should have the opportunity to play a
    their plans for development      August 2006, Mayor Helen Zille said sustainability
                                                                                           more active role in the major discussion forums
                                     in developing cities was becoming increasingly
     address the environmental       important to the future health of the planet.
                                                                                           and negotiating platforms of global development
                                                                                           agencies such as the GEF and the UN Commission
        concerns within their          “Local governments will, more and more, be
                                                                                           on Sustainable Development.”
                                     expected to ensure that their plans for development
        regions holistically.”       address the environmental concerns within their
                                                                                             “I would like to appeal to GEF to consider placing
       Executive Mayor Helen Zille                                                         a greater emphasis in its future activities on the
                                     regions holistically.”
                                                                                           role that local governments play in sustainable
                                                                                           development,” the mayor said.
                                                                                             “It is within our power to guide this rapid
                                                                                           development of our city in order to create the best
                                                                                           outcomes for our people and the environment they
                                                                                             This year, GEF received its biggest financial boost
                                                                                           with 32 governments agreeing to contribute
                                                                                           $3,13-billion to finance environmental projects over
                                                                                           the next four years.

                                                                                           Western Province Premier Ebrahim Rasool;
                                                                                           Monique Barbut, GEF CEO and Chairperson;
                                                                                           South African Deputy President Phumzile Mlambo-Nguka;
                                                                                           with learners Jamie-Lee Snel and Lara Brand.

                                    ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS
                                                                                                       Find it all on

                                                                                                       updated website

                                                                                                           f you missed out on previous issues of
                                                                                                           Enviroworks; want to find details of the
                                                                                                           City’s nature reserves; would like to read
                                                                                                       all about coastal zone management; or feel
                                                                                                       intimidated by terms such as Agenda 21, scop-
                                                                                                       ing report or carrying capacity – then you need
                                                                                                       to see the ERM department’s updated website.

                                                                                                       The new web pages:
                                                                                                       provide detailed information about the City’s
                                                                                                       Integrated Metropolitan Environmental Policy, as
                                                                                                       well as the strategies and programmes to ensure
                                                                                                       that the principles of environmental sustainability
                                                                                                       are adhered to (such as strategies for biodiversity,
                                                                                                       energy and climate change, coastal zone manage-
                                                                                                       ment, and environmental education and training).
                                                                                                         The site also offers downloadable versions of the
                                                                                                       department’s publications and policies; useful tips
                                                                                                       about energy, water and fuel saving; shark and
                                                                                                       beach safety; and a dictionary of environmental
                                                                                                       terminology in English, Afrikaans and Xhosa.

Decades of urban input impact on Rietvlei Wetlands
                                                   wetland and its banks.                             of non-point source pollution, dispersed across
                                                     Indications are that the estuarine fish in the   the whole catchment area. It might look
                                                   wetland died from a combination of factors.        innocuous, but the impact suddenly reaches
                                                   “The organic pollution that is in the vlei after   disastrous proportions. The city, sadly, has an
                                                   30 years of urban input resulted in excessive      enormous impact on our wetlands, and we need
                                                   algal growth through certain weather               to mobilise many more resources to mitigate
                                                   conditions (calm with high temperatures),”         this.” The amount of work done by City staff
                                                   says Dalton Gibbs, acting Manager: Nature          and volunteers from the general public and the
                                                   Conservation. “The die-off of excessive algal      Milnerton Aquatic Club was extra-ordinary, says

      he north vlei of the Rietvlei Wetland        growth resulted in usage of oxygen by bacteria     Gibbs, who notes that every other City nature
      Reserve re-opened in early January 2007      resulting in a low oxygen conditions and fish      reserve remained operational going during the
      after its water quality was pronounced       death.” The dead fish include flat-head mullet     clean-up.
safe for recreational use, but the underlying      (Mugil cephalus), harder (Liza richardsonii),        Although the vlei will eventually be recolonised
causes of the excessive algal growth and           estuarine round herring (Gilchristella             by estuarine fish, the indigenous Mozambique
subsequent die-off remain.                         aesturina) and other Mozambique longfin            eel is probably now extinct in Cape Town, says
  The water body was closed to the public during   eel (Anguila mozambicus). Dead fish were           Gibbs. The loss of fish will probably also have a
the 2006/2007 festive season when more than        disposed of at the Vissershok land-fill site.      negative impact on the Robben Island penguins,
80 tons of dead fish had to be removed from the      Says Gibbs, “The disaster is a typical example   as a major food source has been lost.

                                                   ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS                                                                                      7
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

     Unsustainability gets a red card
    An environmentally sound 2010 World Cup will mean more than just a green stadium in Green Point.
                                                  The City’s Business Plan for
                                                  greening the FIFA World Cup
                                                  2010 includes sustainable
                                                  craft and income-generation

                                                  An artist’s impression of the
                                                  proposed sports stadium at
                                                  Green Point.

T   he FIFA World Cup 2010 is a massive project
    that will shape the region for decades to come.
And although being a host gives the City of Cape
                                                          short cuts that may prove to be unsustainable in
                                                          the long run.
                                                            “Our aim, therefore, must be to ensure that
                                                                                                                   Event greening is not about tree planting or
                                                                                                                 landscaping alone. Rather, it is a total package
                                                                                                                 of interventions to ensure that the event follows
Town a chance to enhance its commitment to                opportunities are enhanced while potential             sustainability guidelines and that it has minimal
sustainability, the risk lies in the event’s potential    negative effects are minimised.”                       negative environmental impact.
to deplete and damage resources.                            The host city agreement, signed by FIFA,
  “If we as a City are serious about sustainability,”     the 2010 World Cup Organising Committee (South         The main aims of event greening are:
says Stephen Granger, the manager of Strategic            Africa) and the City of Cape Town in March             • a reduction in the consumption of natural
Programmes and Projects in the Environmental              2006, includes this commitment to environmental           resources;
Resource Management Department, “we need to               protection:                                            • the minimisation of damage to the environment;
take the opportunity presented by the World Cup             “The host city undertakes to carry out its           • the protection of biodiversity and human
to enhance, improve and develop an environmental          obligations and activities under this agreement in a      health;
consciousness in the City that will endure long           manner which embraces the concept of sustainable       • the reduction of waste;
beyond 2010.”                                             development that complies with applicable              • the minimisation of any negative impact on
  Granger has coordinated the Environment Sector          environmental legislation and serves to promote           local inhabitants;
Workstream, which prepared the environmental              the protection of the environment.                     • the consideration of ecological, social and
sustainability (or “greening”) chapter of Cape              “In particular, the concept of sustainable              economic factors in future-oriented city
Town and the Western Cape’s 2010 Business                 development shall include concerns for post-              development; and
Plan submission to the National Treasury. “It is a        competition use of stadia and other facilities and     • the offering of sustainable development options
challenge indeed, but we have an opportunity to           infrastructure,” the agreement notes.                     to the local people, their environment and
make a meaningful contribution to the City and our          FIFA’s mission statement for the 2010 World Cup         economy.
legacy.”                                                  has three pillars: ‘Develop the Game’, ‘Touch the        The Business Plan submission highlights several
  As Granger points out, the hosting of the World         World’ and ‘Build a Better Future’. The themes of      important areas of environmental sustainability,
Cup provides an opportunity to enhance the City           environment, social integration and education fall     some of which are discussed below.
of Cape Town’s committed path to sustainability           under the third.
and put in place infrastructure with a lasting              The City of Cape Town and the Western Cape           Green construction
sustainability legacy. But it also holds the potential    Provincial Government are thus committed to            Green building principles and practices in the
to further deplete and damage the region’s limited        ‘event greening’ – the process of making the 2010      development of the new Green Point stadium are
resources. In the quest for rapid development to          World Cup event environmentally and socially           vital, because buildings that consider eco-efficiency
meet deadlines, there is the temptation to take           sustainable.                                           issues in their design use significantly less energy

                                                        SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
and other resources over their lifetimes.                Green surroundings                                       public transport. Options include the use of efficient
Eco-efficient building materials and fittings include:     The development of a new stadium and public            buses, bio-diesel and non-motorised transport.
• double-glazing;                                        viewing facilities will require extensive landscaping,
• seating made from recycled plastic;                    as well as environmental rehabilitation of the areas.    Sustainable tourism and development
• energy-efficient lighting and appliances;              Apart from tree-planting to provide a sense of place       The additional visitors to the Western Cape
• water-efficient toilets and showers; and               and to mitigate carbon build-up, this provides an        anticipated in 2010, provide an excellent
• solar water heaters instead of electric geysers.       opportunity to create biodiversity gardens at the        opportunity of building on the Cape Care Route
The last three all entail a higher capital cost, but     event sites, including within the Urban Park at the      as a world-class sustainable-tourism route.
result in much lower environmental and long-term         stadium, as a showcase for the Western Cape’s            Destinations on this route, which currently include
operating costs.                                         incredible floral kingdom.                               small businesses linked to sustainable development,
                                                                                                                  such as recycling, urban agriculture, organic
Green procurement                                        Waste management                                         farming and township bicycle projects, could be
The World Cup event organisers will need to invest         The expected increase in visitors and activities       extended to include sports development projects.
in a great deal of equipment and goods. If they          in the tourism and hospitality industries will,          Such an initiative would create a lasting legacy of
consider sustainability criteria when making these                                                                employment opportunities and social upliftment in
                                                         without doubt, result in additional waste. The
purchases, they will be able to significantly mitigate                                                            the region.
                                                         City’s proposed waste minimisation and recycling
the environmental impact of the event. Some eco-
                                                         projects will benefit not only Cape Town, but also
efficient products and services to consider are:
                                                         the country’s environment and natural resources.         Communication
• tradable renewable energy certificates to
                                                                                                                    The 2010 World Cup provides an opportunity
     power the event (as an alternative to fossil-
     fuel electricity);
                                                         Sustainable transport                                    to develop a legacy of environmental awareness
                                                           Transport is probably the biggest area of impact of    among Cape Town ratepayers. The implementation
• bio-diesel from waste cooking oil to power
                                                         a World Cup, partly because of the massive carbon        of a wide-spread communications strategy will
     the stadium generators, or to power some of
                                                         emissions from international flights, but also from      be vital in this respect. This strategy will include
     the public transport for the event;
• energy-efficient technology and appliances;            internal land and air travel by supporters and teams     reporting and feedback on all Greening processes,
• recycled paper and packaging, or paper and             during the event.                                        monitoring and evaluation of the processes and
     packaging that can be recycled; and                   The greening focus will be on the promotion of         the implementation of a Green Ratings programme
• solar-powered lighting for landscaping.                a carbon-neutral event, through the use of green         within the hospitality industry.

    For more information, please contact Stephen Granger, Manager: Strategic Programmes and Projects,
                      on 021 487 2284 or email:

                                                    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                                                          
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

Environmental centre launched in vital wetland
                                                             he City of Cape Town has opened a new              “Operating these core City processes on
                                                             education centre in the environmentally          sustainable principles also provides excellent
                                                             crucial False Bay Ecology Park – the ninth       educational opportunities for our children to learn
                                                      such centre in a nature reserve.                        about full lifecycles, through to the processing of
                                                        The new centre is in the False Bay Ecology            both human and solid waste.
                                                      Park, which includes the Cape Flats Wastewater            “The False Bay Ecology Park has all the elements
                                                      Treatment Works, the Rondevlei Nature Reserve,          necessary to become a major metropolitan park
                                                      the Zeekoevlei Nature Reserve, the Coastal              for the city, including conservation importance,
                                                      Park landfill site (between Strandfontein and           recreational opportunities, educational facilities
                                                      Muizenberg) and the craft and culture centre of the     and tourism potential.”
                                                      Cape Flats Development Association (Cafda).               The centre will offer a three-day outdoor
                                                        The 1 200ha park is the fifth most important          environmental education programme for up to 120
                                                      habitat for wetland birds in southern Africa and        learners. Activities will include dragon-boating,
                                                      hosts about 250 bird species – at times up to           obstacle courses, orientation walks, bird-watching,
                                                      30 000 birds – including fish eagles, pelicans and      fishing, water-quality testing and visits to the
                                                      flamingos. The park is also an important node in the    wastewater treatment works and landfill site.
                                                      City’s Biodiversity Network. And, given its location,     It will be managed by the Zeekoevlei Environmental
                                                      it is a strategic link between the Table Mountain       Education Programme Trust (Zeep) which, over
                                                      National Park in the west and the Kogelberg             the past five years, has run high-quality, low-
                                                      Biosphere Reserve in the east.                          cost outdoor environmental education and youth
                                                        The centre was launched as part of a cooperative      development camps for schoolchildren.
                                                      project involving more than 10 City of Cape Town          The City of Cape Town regularly sponsors
                                                      line functions and 12 civil-society organisations.      disadvantaged learners’ participation in Zeep
                                                        Mayor Helen Zille, who opened the environmental       camps.

 Nature nurtured                                      education centre on 30 September, said the park
                                                      was a significant part of Capetonians’ natural,

  at Blaauwberg                                       cultural and built heritage as a city.
                                                        “It is home to one of the most important bird

   and Zandvlei
                                                      sanctuaries in South Africa. It preserves historic
                                                      buildings now recognised as monuments and brings
                                                      together cultural traditions and empowerment

T  wo of the most significant natural areas in Cape
   Town have received formal status, a boost to
conservation and to educational and recreational
                                                      in the form of Cafda’s Stables Craft and Culture
                                                      Centre, which has helped empower disadvantaged
                                                      individuals for over a century.”
opportunities for residents and visitors (see p.7,      But the park is not just about biodiversity,
Enviroworks volume 2/06).                             she added. “With the Cape Flats Waste Water
  The Blaauwberg Conservation Area (BCA), next to     Treatment Works and the Coastal Park landfill site,
Big Bay, and the Greater Zandvlei Estuary Reserve,    two important components of the park, we are also
next to Marina da Gama, were declared local           working towards our goal of a sustainable city.”
nature reserves by Tasneem Essop, the Provincial
Minister for Environment, Planning and Economic
Development, on 2 November 2006.                                                                                                      Spring babies:
  Land worthy of conservation is under threat from                                                                                    Three bontebok foals
ever-increasing development. “The responsibility                                                                                      were born in the
to reserve land for conservation is too big to be                                                                                     Tygerberg Nature
                                                                                                                                      Reserve in September
handled by any one sphere of government on its
                                                                                                                                      and October.
own,” said Essop.                                                                                                                     The reserve, which is
                                                                                                                                      in Bellville, supports
 For more information on the BCA, please                                                                                              one of the last remnants
    contact Adelé Pretorius, the reserve                                                                                              of the highly threatened
manager, on 021 554 0957, or email: bca@                                                                                              renosterveld vegetation. For more information on
Zandvlei, please contact Cassy Sheasby the
   reserve manager, on 021 701 7542 or

10                                                                   BIODIVERSITY
               Sweet reward for honey badger’s ‘dad’
      andiso Kraai, a final-year Nature Conservation     “Honey badgers need commitment if they are              during different seasons? How does it cope in the
      student at the Cape Peninsula University         going to be rehabilitated,” says Sandiso. “I gave up      rain, hot, cold, mild weather?”
      of Technology and an intern at the City’s        my social life. I would drive from Melkbos at 11pm,         The BCA is hoping to raise enough funds for a
Blaauwberg Conservation Area (BCA), is the             sometimes at 1am, to observe how it eats, or how          microchip that will allow the badger to be tracked
winner of the institution’s first award for the most   it adapts to the weather. Does it sleep differently       after its release. “The equipment is about R20 000
interesting project.                                                                                                           and must be inserted into his belly rath-
  That’s no surprise: his final-year                                                                                           er than on his neck, as honey badgers
project was to nurture a baby honey                                                                                            dig a lot,” says Sandiso.
badger. Like all new parents, he aban-                                                                                           Like all babies, the badger was gradu-
doned his social life, spent the early                                                                                         ally introduced to “baby food”. Country
hours of each morning checking on the                                                                                          Fair, a Cape Town chicken company,
badger’s wellbeing and worried about                                                                                           sponsored day-old chicks (the badger
whether it was eating enough.                                                                                                  eats between 10 and 40 chicks a day!)
  BCA staff found the injured honey                                                                                            until he could start on adult foods.
badger – then three months old – on a                                                                                            “At first I had to smear fish oil on to
farm in Atlantis in February. His mother                                                                                       the chicks, to create a desire,” says
had probably been killed by dogs.                                                                                              Sandiso. After the badger had adapt-
  After a three-week spell at a vet in                                                                                         ed, Sandiso slowly reduced the number
Tokai, the baby badger was released to                                                                                         of chicks and introduced snakes,
the BCA. The problem, however, was                                                                                             chickens, rodents, insects, reptiles
that honey badgers usually stay with                                                                                           and animals that had died in road
their mothers until they are a year and                                                                                        accidents.
a half – until then, they are not able to                                                                                        He even had to design an exercise
care for themselves.                                                                                                           programme for the badger, which was
  So it was up to Sandiso to learn                                                                                             not active enough in his enclosure.
parenting skills rather quickly. No                                                                                            Sandiso put food under the rocks and
formal rehabilitation programme for                                                                                            on top of logs so that the animal would
honey badgers exists, as they occur                                                                                            have to climb and dig.
at very low densities throughout their                                                                                           And, like all good parents, Sandiso is
range and are seldom encountered.                                                                                              prepared to eventually ‘let go’.
  Until he can fend for himself, the                                                                                             “I made sure that when I gave the
honey badger will be enclosed in a                                                                                             honey badger food it did not see me, so
reservoir in the BCA, which Sandiso                                                                                            that it does not associate people with
adapted to accommodate the animal.                                                                                             food or depend on them for that.”

   City is game for                                    T   he City of Cape Town’s dream of a nature reserve
                                                           with roaming herds of game near Blaauwberg Hill

   wild animals in                                     has moved closer to reality with the erection of the
                                                       first game fence in the Blaauwberg Conservation Area

   Blaauwberg                                          (BCA).
                                                         The new 2,1m-high game fence has been built
                                                       along the West Coast Road between Parklands and
                                                       Melkbosstrand, covering 3,7km.
                                                         The fence is the result of a partnership between the City
                                                       of Cape Town, CapeNature and the Friends of the BCA.
                                                       The City provided the labour and materials, CapeNature
                                                       supplied a team of expert field rangers to install the
                                                       fence and the Friends Group provided refreshments.
                                                         The City is negotiating to get more land; when this
                                                       is secure and fenced, and the fauna management plan
                                                       has been completed, the reserve will bring in the first
                                                       appropriate species at the ecologically correct densities.

                                                                  BIODIVERSITY                                                                                     11
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

     A way for swimmers and sharks

                                                                                                                                                                 MICHAEL SCHOLL
     to safely share the sea
The City of Cape Town’s shark spotting
programme is the most effective and viable
formal shark and recreation safety programme.

       his is one of the findings in the City’s       most knowledgeable experts on this issue to review       Electronic and sonar technology is still in the
       draft White Shark and Coastal Recreation       the best available knowledge and formulate a list of    development stage and may only be considered
       Safety Policy and Strategy, the aim of which   recommendations that can pave a way forward”.           once it has been tested and developed further.
is the safety of people and sharks in False Bay.        The policy and strategy is effective from October
  In addition to being an effective mitigation        2006 until September 2011.                                The programme will therefore be expanded to
measure, the shark spotting programme also              The draft policy notes that the use of shark          ensure adequate coverage at appropriate beaches
brings significant social, economic and research      capture devices (nets and baited lines) will not be     during appropriate times of the year. This will
benefits such as job creation, public education and   considered at this stage, as not enough is known        include:
awareness, and the contribution of research data.     about the residency and movement patterns of            • full-time spotters at beaches that are
And the programme has no negative environmental       White Sharks to determine the extent to which                year-round high-intensity recreational
impact.                                               capture devices would reduce risk. In addition,              nodes and where significant White Shark
  The draft White Shark and Coastal Recreation        these devices would take their toll on Cape Town’s           activity is identified;
Safety Policy and Strategy includes recommendations   marine environment.                                     • part-time spotters (for weekends, holidays
from a specialist workshop held in May this year        Exclusion nets are also unlikely to be successful          and school holidays) at beaches that are
(see Enviroworks vol 2/06, p.9). It was attended      in the majority of marine conditions off Cape Town           seasonal high-intensity recreational nodes
by 35 shark experts from different institutions       and would not protect the majority of users or risk          and where significant White Shark activity
and the government, including the World Wide          groups (such as surfers and kayakers). They may              is identified; and
Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Department of           only be considered in areas where calm conditions       • a roving spotter team deployed over the
Environmental Affairs and Tourism, the City’s         prevail and swimming is the main recreation activity.        2006-2007 summer period.
partners.                                             A detailed assessment of the viability of, and need     It will remain an independent, not-for-profit
  Deon Nel, the aquatic unit manager for WWF          for, creating small protected swimming areas will       programme and will be funded annually through
South Africa, said the workshop had “gathered the     be undertaken before any decision is made.              a grant by the City of Cape Town.

12                                                                    COASTAL
White Sharks are a naturally occurring species and will
continue to enjoy protected status, says Gregg Oelofse, the
City’s Environmental Policy coordinator. However, the City
recognises that a safe coastal environment is best for social
and economic development, and recreation.

The City has a key role to play in resolving conflict between
sharks and sea users, adds Oelofse, and appropriate
measures will benefit both the long-term conservation and
protection of the white shark and the recreation potential
of the coastline.
                                                                                 The City will make sure that:
                                                                                 • all recreational beaches have signs informing
However, beachgoers and water-sports enthusiasts need
                                                                                   users of possible White Shark presence and of
to remember that the use of the marine and coastal
                                                                                   the limitations of the shark spotting programme;
environment has inherent risks. The City will work to lower
these, but the use of the marine environment is really at the
                                                                                 • shark-attack emergency kits are accessible at all
user’s ‘own risk’.
                                                                                   coastal recreation nodes.

     Beaches that fly the flag for Cape Town
            - Mnandi -                                          - Clifton 4th -                                      - Gordon’s Bay -

      hree of Cape Town’s beaches glitter not only with white sand and sparkling water, but with the prestige of Blue Flag status.
      Blue Flag is an annual international award given to beaches that meet the criteria of excellence in safety, amenities,
      cleanliness and environmental standards.
Cape Town’s Blue Flag beaches are Mnandi (Strandfontein), Clifton 4th and Bikini Beach (Gordon’s Bay).
Status is awarded from 1 November 2006 until 30 April 2007.
Local authorities have noted that Blue Flag beaches usually receive more visitors and enjoy an improvement in beachgoers’ behaviour.
The Blue Flag is awarded to beaches that comply with 14 criteria, including:
•         at least five environmental education activities on offer;
•         a code of conduct for the beach area;
•         excellent bathing-water quality;
•         no industrial or sewage discharges;
•         a beach management committee that conducts regular environmental audits of the beach facility;
•         an adequate number of lifeguards and lifesaving equipment;
•         emergency plans to cope with pollution safety risks; and
•         a supply of drinking water.

  For more information, please contact Gregg Oelofse at Environmental Resource Management
                 on 021 487 2239 or email:

                                                                     COASTAL                                                            1
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

                 The City responds to climate change predictions
T   he City of Cape Town has endorsed a
    new framework for adaptation to climate
change – its response to predictions that the
                                                               In response to the potential short-term to
                                                             medium-term impact of climate change in the
                                                             metropolitan area, the City’s Environmental
                                                                                                                        changes in fire intensity and frequency (which
                                                                                                                        may also trigger the destruction or migration
                                                                                                                        of sensitive plant and animal species that are
atmosphere’s temperature will rise by 1,4 to 5,8ºC by        Resource Management Department commissioned                already at the limits of their temperature and
the end of this century.                                     an adaptation framework.                                   rainfall tolerance);
  Climate change increases the likelihood of                   Adaptation in this context is defined as an          •   severe storms that may damage infrastructure;
extreme weather such as droughts, floods and heat            adjustment in bio-physical, social or economic             and
waves. In South Africa, the Northern Cape and                systems in response to an actual or expected           •   people’s health and livelihoods being indirectly
Western Cape are most at risk from warming and               climatic impact and its effect.                            affected, especially through fires and air
rainfall change.                                             Specific areas requiring action include:                   pollution.
  A significant number of previous disasters in              • increased water stress (because of a reduction
Cape Town have been associated with the weather.                 in rainfall) and increased evaporation (due to     This framework lists existing and potential
These include the Cape Flats floods (1994 and                    increased temperature);                            adaptation strategies for consideration.
2001), the Manenberg wind storms (1999 and                   • a rise in the sea level (which will increase the       This framework will form the basis for
2002), the south Peninsula fires (2000), the Joe                 vulnerability of beaches, shorelines and coastal   engagement with relevant stakeholders in the
Slovo informal settlement fires (2000, 2004 and                  developments and infrastructure to storm           development of a City Adaptation Plan of Action
2005), severe storms (2003, 2004 and 2005) and                   surges and erosion);                               for Cape Town and the mobilisation of resources
recurrent severe drought (2002 to 2005).                     • increased temperatures that could lead to            for its implementation.

  Sectors                                               Adaptation strategies
  Urban water supplies:                                 a.    Water restriction
  Demand management                                     b.    Water tariffs
                                                        c.    Reduction of leaks programme
                                                        d.    Pressure management
                                                        e.    Awareness campaigns
  Urban water supplies:                                 a.    Berg River WMA schemes
  Supply management                                     b.    Table Mountain aquifer
                                                        c.    Reuse of effluent
                                                        d.    Water harvesting
                                                        e.    Seawater use
                                                        f.    Desalination
  Storm water management                                a.    Monitoring and early warning system
                                                        b.    Reduction of impacts through flood-reduction infrastructure
                                                        c.    Increasing the flood return period
                                                        d.    Maintenance of storm water infrastructure
                                                        e.    Design of resilient infrastructure and buildings

1                                                  ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE
  Sectors                                             Adaptation strategies
  Biodiversity                                        a.    Proactive management of fires and invasive alien plants
                                                      b.    Monitoring of indicator species
                                                      c.    Zoning of protected areas
                                                      d.    Impact reduction measures
  Fire management                                     a.    Increased training in ecological fire management
                                                      b.    Fire fighting capacity
                                                      c.    Removal of plantations
                                                      d.    Control of alien invasive plants
                                                      e.    Installation of fire breaks
                                                      f.    Erosion protection
  Coastal zones                                       a.    Coastal vulnerability mapping
                                                      b.    Monitoring of key sites
                                                      c.    Shoreline management plans
                                                      d.    More stringent set-back lines
                                                      e.    Structural mitigation measures
  Livelihoods                                         a. Assessment of vulnerable livelihoods
                                                      b. Ongoing information and data gathering
                                                      c. Disaster risk reduction in informal settlements, including improved infrastructure
                                                          and planning and management
                                                      d. Municipal strategies to include support for household reduction in the use of
                                                          water, energy, and other resources
  Health                                              a. Increased awareness of climate-related health impacts
                                                      b. Improved construction and building regulations
                                                      c. Increased support for health facilities
                                                      d. Improved sanitation

                  For more information, please contact Shirene Rosenberg, Manager: Resource Management,
                               on 021 487 2124 or email:

                     electricity by July
D     arling Wind has placed its order for the four
      wind turbines of phase one of the green elec-
tricity project, which means the first delivery of
                                                             Stern warns that worldwide inaction could cost
                                                           the equivalent of between 5% and 20% of global
                                                           gross domestic product every year, forever.
power should take place in July 2007.                        Sharing this future, South African companies are
  In June 2006, the City signed a 20-year power            facing increasing demands to demonstrate socially
purchase agreement with Darling Wind – the first           responsible behaviour through programmes that
local government in South Africa to firmly com-            tackle the ‘triple bottom lines’ of environmental,
mit to buying sustainable, renewable wind power            economic and social sustainability. The JSE has
(see Enviroworks volume 2/06, p.11).                       launched its Socially Responsible Investment index (SRI
  Recently, the World Bank’s former chief econo-           index), which has detailed criteria for each element of
mist, Nicholas Stern, highlighted the seriousness          the triple bottom line (see
of the environmental catastrophe that looms as               Buying green electricity, therefore, is a good
a result of the unfettered emission of greenhouse          way for an entity or business to reduce its carbon
gases. (The consumption of every unit, or 1kWh, of         footprint ─ without it having to invest in new infra-         Nature reserves set
conventional electricity causes about 1kg of carbon        structure. It is also an opportunity to improve the
dioxide gas to be released into the atmosphere.)           SRI score for a body’s environmental sustainability
                                                                                                                        for energy efficiency
  Stern says “the world must be prepared to pay            practices.
                                                                                                                     The City’s 23 nature reserves will soon oper-
now to prevent an economic fallout in the future,            Green electricity will be sold at a premium of 25c
                                                                                                                     ate in a more energy-efficient way – with
which could be on the scale of the Great Depression        per kWh (on top of the usual electricity charge) and
                                                                                                                     solar water heaters, energy-efficient lighting
of the 1930s”.                                             purchasers will be provided with certificates con-
                                                                                                                     and effective temperature control through
                                                           firming that green electricity has been consumed.
                                                                                                                     improved ceilings. Energy-use audits have
                                                                                                                     been completed on every reserve, and their
       For more information, please contact Brian Jones at the City of Cape Town Electrical Services                 energy and hot-water needs have been
        on 021 446 2015 or email: or visit                           established.
                (follow the links under ‘electricity overview’ and ‘green electricity’).

                                                  ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE                                                                                        1
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

City lights way with solar heater bylaw
       he City of Cape Town has drawn up a draft        The Solar Water Heaters Bylaw will apply to all
       bylaw on the incorporation of solar water      new buildings in the City, as well as to all addi-
       heaters in buildings.                          tions to existing buildings that will require the use
The drafting of the bylaw was initiated under the     of hot water for example, bedrooms, kitchens and
City’s Energy and Climate Change Strategy, and was    bathroom extensions.
funded by the Danish International Development          The bylaw will not apply to buildings used
Agency, with assistance from Sustainable Energy       only for industrial purposes where hot water
Africa. Once the bylaw is implemented, all new        requirements exceed that available through
developments and buildings will have to meet at       solar water heating, or to any privately funded
least 60% of their hot-water requirements with        residential building where the cost is below the
solar heating. The bylaw aims to:                     current subsidy level.
• improve energy security and improve energy            Issues such as technical standards and com-
     risk management;                                 pliance; appearance and design; building plan
• reduce the use of electricity;                      approval; and owners’ obligations are also dealt
• improve the quality of life through the provi-      with in the draft.
     sion of hot water; and                             The City anticipates that the bylaw will be ready
• create jobs in the solar water heater industry.     for submission to the Council in mid 2007.

F   or the first time in 40 years, the City of Cape
    Town is using energy-efficient lighting for its
annual festive lights extravaganza in Adderley
Street. Using modern technology with remote-
control computer lighting sequences and sound
effects, the City’s Public Lighting Department has
transformed the outdated strings of colourful bulbs
into an illumination extravaganza made up of about
5 000 LED (light emitting diode) lamps and 15 000
metres of rope lighting.

       For more information, please contact Shirene Rosenberg, Manager: Resource Management,
                    on 021 487 2124 or email:

1                                                ENERGY & CLIMATE CHANGE
                        Khayelitsha wetlands to be clean and green

T   he Khayelitsha Wetlands Park is on course to
    being free of alien vegetation thanks to City
Parks having completed phases one and two of its
                                                        hides for bird-watching, nature walk pathways,
                                                        upgrades to the adjacent play park and a waste-
                                                        wise campaign.
                                                                                                               and turning the area into an economic, recreational
                                                                                                               and environmental amenity,” Galant says.
                                                                                                                 Already, local people have benefited from the
Clean and Green project.                                  A ‘tree cage’ business will also be set up to make   project: 190 temporary jobs were created, 71 of
  The project, which aims to rehabilitate the City’s    protective railings for newly planted trees.           which went to women and 96 to youth applicants.
river corridors, wetlands and areas adjacent to           Fostering community ownership of rivers and          Local artists beautified the park benches and park
water bodies, will also benefit the Lotus River in      wetlands will further ensure sustainability, says      entrances with extensive mosaic work, depicting
Guguletu and the Blomvlei Canal in Athlone.             Desireè Galant, the Manager of Operations for City     the local environment as well as the fauna and flora
  Phases one and two of the Khayelitsha Wetlands        Parks in the Eastern District.                         found in the wetlands.
Park project consisted of planning and designing          “The establishment of the Wetlands Park will also      In addition to assistance from the City, the project
the park, community consultation, alien-vegetation      enhance local tourism opportunities and provide        also received funding from the Department of
clearing, a door-to-door waste-wise campaign and        schools and community groups with a hands-on           Environmental Affairs and Tourism Development,
the initial infrastructure construction.                environmental education resource.”                     Western Cape.
  Further initiatives planned for the park include        “The project makes a positive contribution towards
an indigenous nursery, a skills training centre, bird   urban renewal by improving the river environment

          For more information, contact Desireè Galant, City Parks Manager of Operations for the
          Eastern District, on 021 900 1671, or email:

                                                                     CITY PARKS                                                                                 17
Volume 1/07 • February 2007

                                   Environmental programme spreads its wings
                                   M     ore than 30 000 learners attended
                                         the City’s Youth Environmental
                                   School (YES) programme during world
                                                                               which will also deliver environmental
                                                                               programmes on dedicated commem-
                                                                               orative days and weeks, such as energy
                                                                                                                            who were on their way to Simon’s
                                                                                                                            Town to view and learn more about
                                                                                                                            penguins, were ‘edutained’ about
                                   environment in June (see Enviroworks        awareness, waste, arbour, heritage,          sharks.
                                   Vol 1/06, p.17).                            HIV and AIDS, and many more.                   And a beach programme, which was
                                     This successful programme will              The expanded programme kicked              held at various beaches around the
                                   now be run as a year-long programme,        off during National Marine Week (16          City, focused on our unique sandy and
                                                                               to 20 October), with a marine and            rocky shores.
                                                                               coastal programme. This included               The YES programme is supported
                                                                               an educators’ workshop as well as a          by the Western Cape Education
                                                                               comprehensive coastal programme for          Department and is also aligned with the
                                                                               grade R to grade seven.                      United Nations Decade of Education
                                                                                 Learners on Metrorail’s Edutrain,          for Sustainable Development.

                                                                               Learners from Sea Point Primary School spent a happy day in their local wilderness
                                                                               classroom, filling bags with beach litter, hoping to win the prize for the biggest or
                                                                               heaviest bag, or for the discovery of the strangest piece of litter! The environmental
                                                                               education programme in Sea Point exists thanks to ward allocation funds. “The beach
                                                                               is often the first place where children meet the ‘wilderness’,” says Councillor JP Smith
                                                                               of Ward 54. “Their early interest in the world beyond the shore is an excellent way to
                                                                               introduce additional concepts of wilderness and the natural environment.”

        City puts the spotlight on
        environmental careers

                                                                                        T   he City of Cape Town, in partnership with SABC Education, gave
                                                                                            more than 25 000 youth exposure to further education and
                                                                                        training opportunities, especially to those related to the environment,
                                                                                        during the SABC Careers, Education and Training Fair in early August.
                                                                                        The City’s Environmental Resource Management department once
                                                                                        again organised an Environmental Career Centre that enabled
                                                                                        one-on-one interaction with learners – re-enforcing environmental
                                                                                        awareness and providing information onenvironmentally related
                                                                                        careers, bursaries and possible job opportunities.
                                                                                          ERM won an award at the Fair for ‘Outstanding Contribution to
         City Parks won an award for the best stand in the Environmental                Environmental Education’.
         Careers Centre at the Fair. Its stand was particularly interactive:
                                                                                          Other City departments that hosted exhibition stands were
         learners were offered an empty box in which they had to design
         a park friendly to people and the environment.                                 City Health, City Parks, Planning, Emergency Services, and Water

        For more information, about the YES programme or the Eco-Schools programme,
     please contact Lindie Buirski on 021 487 2839 or email:

1                                            ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
Orchid Legacy Project grows sustainable livelihoods

A long-term goal of the Orchid
Legacy Project is to establish a
collection of indigenous epiphytic
orchids for future production, of
                                                                                            The orchid farmers and their support team: Ntombizodwa Kama;

which some will be reintroduced                                                             Zoleka Magi; Vivian Bulelwa Maqula; Joyce Dladlotti; Margie
                                                                                            Mzanywa; Nikiwe Madalana; Stanley Madikizela; Louis Knonza;
                                                                                            Tembisa Robeni; and Bongiwe Londa. Evelyn Mbenyane is the
to the natural environment.                                                                 group coordinator, while Lilian Masebenza is the overall project

F   ive unemployed women from Cape Town are
    set to become orchid farmers, thanks to a new
project founded by the Cape Orchid Society and
                                                        at the Reserve, which will serve as the nursery.
                                                          The Orchid Society and TEPC will provide the
                                                        initial plants, which will all be South African and
                                                                                                                collection of indigenous epiphytic orchids for future
                                                                                                                production, of which some will be reintroduced to
                                                                                                                the natural environment.
funded by the Society, the City of Cape Town and        African orchids (many of our indigenous orchids           Generous sponsors have provided start-up equip-
The Exotic Plant Company (TEPC).                        are endangered); the new farmers will continue to       ment such as shade cloth, wire and pliers, plants,
  The Legacy Project, as it is known, is the brain-     propagate their treasures.                              hose piping, racking, trays and labels, moss, staple
child of the president of the society, Michael Tibbs.     There is already a substantial market in three-       guns and fertiliser. It will also provide a number of
Its aim is to offer women further education and         week-old plants from the laboratory, so the women       marketing opportunities: for example, at its inter-
support in the horticultural industry, which could      will not have to wait for years or even months for      national Expo next September, which will celebrate
lead to sustainable livelihoods.                        the opportunity to earn money and contribute to         the Society’s 50th anniversary. The International
  Initial training in propagation methods was con-      conservation.                                           Women’s Forum next May and the SAA Cape Town
ducted by Tibbs and his staff at TEPC in Agter Paarl      The Legacy Project has also established a sup-        Flower Show next October will provide further mar-
during December. At the same time, Helderberg           port team of women trained to create beadwork,          keting opportunities.
Nature Reserve staff worked over the festive sea-       embroidery and needlework with an orchid theme.
son to restore and prepare the unused greenhouse          A long-term goal of the project is to establish a

   For more information, please contact Lindie Buirski, ERM Environmental Education Coordinator,
                    on 021 487 2839 or email:

                                                   ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION                                                                                      1
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

                                                    Cape Town schools fly the Green Flag

                                                          The nursery at Westville Primary (Mitchells Plain
                                                          Node); the school was awarded a Green Flag for the
                                                          second year in a row.

T   eachers and learners in Cape Town are receiv-
    ing international recognition for their environ-
mental programmes, with 21 schools having been
                                                            Portfolios are assessed at the end of a year; suc-
                                                          cessful schools that gain Eco-School status are
awarded Eco-School status.                                awarded a Green Flag. Schools may keep their flag
  Eco-Schools is an international environmental           and status for a year, after which another portfolio    A worm farm at Rocklands Primary (Mitchells Plain
education programme. Thirty-five portfolios were          is submitted and assessed.                              Node), also awarded a Green Flag for the second year.
submitted for consideration; seven assessments are          This is the fourth year in a row that Levana
pending.                                                  Primary School in Lavender Hill, Cape Town, has           The aim of the programme is to provide learners
  Every year, schools throughout South Africa are         been awarded a Green Flag. Ten schools were             with the capacity and skills to make informed deci-
invited to register. Teachers then commit to devel-       awarded Eco-School status for the second time and       sions about their lifestyles, livelihoods and relation-
oping lesson plans and learner-centred activities         two schools for the third time.                         ships with their environment.
that are in line with the Revised National Curriculum       The Eco-Schools programme is coordinated                Since Eco-Schools South Africa was launched
Statement.                                                nationally by the Wildlife and Environment Society      in 2003, the number of registered schools has
  At least three relevant focus areas are chosen          of South Africa, supported by the World Wide Fund       increased from 56 to more than 760 in 2006. Last
by the learners and teachers, and lesson plans are        for Nature South Africa. The City of Cape Town          year 247 schools were awarded Eco-School status
then developed. School improvement plans and              funds a number of Eco-Schools nodes, as well as a       for 2005 and are proudly flying the international
progress records are collected in a portfolio.            Western Cape Eco-Schools coordinator.                   green flag.

                                                  GREEN FLAG TO LEVANA PRIMARY SCHOOL FOR A THIRD YEAR IN A ROW

                                                  N    yosile Miti, the Chief Director of Regional Services, at the Western Cape Education Department, hands
                                                       over the green flag to Levana Primary School for a third year in a row. The school has just been awarded
                                                  the flag for the fourth year, the only school in Cape Town to have achieved this.
                                                    Fadiah Abbas is the head of the Natural Sciences Department at Levana Primary. She attributes the school’s
                                                  success to the eagerness of her Grade 7 class and, of course, the enthusiasm and participation of her fellow
                                                  educators. Not only do they teach the learners about the importance of recycling, but they collect newspapers
                                                  and plastic bottles from their own homes to add to the school’s growing recycling centre. “Storage space for
                                                  all our recycling is becoming a challenge,” notes Abbas, who has been with the school for 28 years.
                                                    The Eco-Friends club at the school regularly participates in hiking, camping and other outdoor activities,
                                                  and recently visited the nearby landfill site. “Learners and their parents are becoming more aware of the
                                                  health risks of a polluted environment,” says Abbas.

                 For more information about the Eco-Schools programme contact Lindie Buirski
                          on 021 487 2839 or email:

20                                                 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
   Africa’s top environmental journalists meet in Cape Town
T   he EnviroMedia Conference 2006, held from
    28 to 30 August at the Cullinan Hotel, brought
together 86 journalists, media practitioners and
                                                       During the three days of EnviroMedia 2006,
                                                     delegates shared knowledge with the focus
                                                     being on the Millennium Ecosystem Assessments,
                                                                                                                   Students sponsored by
                                                                                                                      City share views
development experts to deepen understanding and      which drew input from 1 300 eminent scientists          As part of its sponsorship, the City funded six
share expertise about reporting on the environment   worldwide.                                              students from tertiary institutions ─ including the
                                                                                                             University of Cape Town (UCT), the University of
and sustainable development in Africa.                 “The time has come to move beyond the doom-
                                                                                                             the Western Cape (UWC) and the Cape Peninsula
  The conference was funded in large part by         and-gloom apocalyptic view of the environment           University of Technology (CPUT) to attend the
the City of Cape Town, as well as by the Global      and look more closely at the economics of national      conference. This is what some of them had to say:
Environment Facility (GEF) and the international     resources management,” said Sergio Jellinek,
COM+ Alliance of Communicators for Sustainable       the World Bank’s communications advisor for              When reporting and commenting on the dangers
Development.                                         sustainable development. “The conclusions of             that human actions have on the environment, it
                                                                                                              is important to provide readers with alternative
  Among the delegates were many of Africa’s          the Millennium Ecosystem Assessments provide
                                                                                                                  methods of achieving their desired results
leading environmental journalists ─ from countries   an untapped body of knowledge that can help             Bashierah Arnold, a student at UCT’s Centre for
as diverse as, Kenya, Ghana, Mauritania, Egypt,      journalists in constructing a new narrative about the              Film and Media Studies
Botswana, Zambia, Uganda, Nigeria, Zambia and        value of ecosystems in sustainable development.”
Angola.                                                                                                          Journalists are under pressure to write about
                                                                                                             issues that will sell the publication to the public…
  This year, EnviroMedia was closely linked to the   What are the                                               so environmental issues are in a small section
GEF’s Third Assembly, where delegates from 176
countries at the CTICC to decide on policy and
                                                     Millennium Ecosystem                                            stashed in a corner of a newspaper
                                                                                                                 Tiny Maphane, UWC journalism student
funding.                                             Assessments?
  “The media plays a pivotal role in empowering      Drafted by 1 300 eminent scientists worldwide, the             Part of the problem with environmental
the public around environmental matters and          Millennium Ecosystem Assessments warn that 60%                communications is that they often, and
it is therefore essential that journalists have a    of the benefits the global ecosystem provides to         understandably, come in the form of warnings…
                                                     support life on Earth (such as fresh water, clean air    people have become accustomed to ignoring the
comprehensive understanding of these issues,” said
                                                     and a relatively stable climate) are being degraded       claims of experts and dismissing their warnings
Osman Asmal, the City’s director of Environmental                                                              as false alarms ─ Greg Eden, student at UCT’s
Resource Management.                                 or used unsustainably. The scientists warn that
                                                                                                                    Centre for Film and Media Studies
  “EnviroMedia 2006 was an ideal vehicle             the harmful consequences of this degradation on
to build local capacity, facilitate networking,      human health are already being felt and could                 The conference gave me a push ahead
establish partnerships and enhance the quality of    worsen significantly over the next 50 years. For             with my career. I now want to write about
                                                     more information, visit                                environmental issues
environmental journalism in Africa,” Asmal said.
                                                                                                                   Petho Ntaba, journalism student, CPUT

The City was a major sponsor of the EnviroMedia      Trevor Sandwith, coordinator of the GEF-sponsored       Environmental journalists came from all over Africa
conference. Here Kobie Brand, EE, Training and       CAPE project launching their book ‘Fynbos, Fynmense’
                                                     at the EnviroMedia conference welcome reception.        to Cape Town for the conference. At the welcome
Communications Manager, Environmental Resource                                                               reception are seen Carlyn Habumba (Zambia), Mike
Management Department and Hugh Tyrrell,
EnviroMedia Director, exchange ideas.                                                                        Anane (Ghana), and Sherinne Masupelo (Zambia).

    For more information, please contact Kobie Brand, EE, Training and Communications Manager:
                Environmental Resource Management Department, on 021 487 2293
                               or email:

                                                         ENVIROMEDIA 2006                                                                                   21
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

Global project takes
a tour of Cape Town                                                                                               Esther Hautmann of BEN with Themba Makau
                                                                                                                  (from the BEN Bike Project in Hout Bay) on the

communities                                                                                                       carrier rack during the bike ride in Manenberg.

T   he Local Agenda 21 (LA 21) Community Festival
    in October exposed the people of Manenberg,
Atlantis, Khayelitsha and Elsies River to local activi-
                                                            LA21’s aims are achieved by facilitating partner-
                                                          ships and partnership projects that improve envi-
                                                          ronmental and socio-economic conditions, with a
                                                                                                                duce people to bikes – and to demonstrate how
                                                                                                                well they work as a mode of transport.
                                                                                                                  “Cycling is quicker than walking and yet you still
ties and projects, but also to social interaction         particular focus on poverty alleviation.              get the feel of the local community and its flavour,”
through soccer, netball, cricket, a cycling tour and        One of the organisations that displayed its work    Wheeldon said.
mural painting workshops.                                 at the festival was the Bicycle Empowerment             The bikes were hired at R25 for the two hours of
   The festival is the result of a partnership, estab-    Network (BEN).                                        the tour. BEN took 50 bikes to the event and all 50
lished between the City of Cape Town and the                “In one example, we lent 50 bikes to Selfhelp       were returned at the end of the ride. “But we took
City of Aachen in Germany in 2000, that promotes          Manenberg for a bike tour of the suburb for kids      only 39 back to the warehouse,” said Wheeldon.
sustainable development and the principles of             and adults,” said Andrew Wheeldon, the chief          BEN gave one away in a lucky draw and 10 were
LA21. LA 21, a document developed in 1992 at              executive of BEN.                                     given to Selfhelp Manenberg to use on future
the United Nations Conference on Environment                The tour took in the history and culture of the     tours.
and Development (also known as the Rio Earth              area, and visited sites of political upheaval and       The LA21 Partnership also collects bicycles in
Summit), is a global plan of action to stop envi-         struggle. It also looked at the way in which the      Aachen; these are then sent to Cape Town dis-
ronmental degradation and promote equitable               community had rebuilt itself in the aftermath of      tributed through BEN to promote non-motorised
development.                                              apartheid. Another goal of the tour was to intro-     transport.

22                                                   SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
      Environmental education scores with soccer workshop
      T   he City’s first ‘soccer and environment’ workshop was held at the
          Local Agenda 21 festival in Manenberg. And although the links
      between soccer and the environment may seem remote, the connections
      soon became clear.
        The Environmental Resource Management department and Youth
      Unlimited have developed a simple and creative workshop to teach
      the message of sustainable development through the illustration and
      language that football offers. In this way, soccer can be used as a tool for
      learning and communication well beyond the game itself.
        Elements of football, such as saving a goal, can be equated to saving
      the environment, explains Joint Xingashe, one of the City’s environmental
      educators. The captain on the field is a vital component in any game
      – this is the player who will lead by example and encourage others to play
      well. Likewise, we need environmental leaders who set an example to
      others and encourage others to live in a more sustainable way.
        Almost 1 200 people attended the various community festivals, says
      Xingashe. “The youth were especially excited to be part of the workshops
      and gave us tips on how to attract even more people so that we can
      better spread the environmental message.“
        “Young people love soccer, and a good way to attract them to an
      environmental message is through this passion,” he says.

                                        “Atlantis for sustainable tourism”

T  he Atlantis environmental community festival
   mural was painted as part of the LA21 festival,
with funding of R2 500 from the City’s Arts and
                                                         Atlantis. Through consultation with the Mountview
                                                         Integrated Forum (the local organising body), the
                                                         residents took ownership of the project and the
                                                                                                                under the supervision of their teacher, who had
                                                                                                                first pencilled in the design. The mural’s theme,
                                                                                                                “Atlantis for sustainable tourism”, reflects Atlantis’s
Culture Department. The West Coast Environmental         results. Two unemployed people first prepared and      recent listing on the Cape Care Route as a tourism
Co-operative identified an appropriate wall on City      plastered the wall. The artists were 10 art students   destination (see Enviroworks Vol 2/06 p.20).
property in Mountview, one of the poorest areas in       from Saxonsea Secondary School, who worked

               For more information, please contact Grace Stead, Local Agenda 21 Coordinator,
                          on 021 938 8422 or email:
                         or visit the partnership website on

                                                   SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                                                        2
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

                                     Revived squares
                                 to shape a vibrant city
T   hree public spaces in central Cape
    Town are undergoing significant
improvements. And these developments
                                                                                                                          which people can watch passing life.
                                                                                                                            In relation to the City as a whole, the
                                                                                                                          square will act as a simple and flexible
– at the Grand Parade, St Andrews
                                                                                                                          space that adds to the character of
Square and Church Square – promise
                                                                                                                          the CBD. It has not been planned as
benefits that are more than cosmetic.
                                                                                                                          a major tourist destination but rather
  The upgrades will assist with
improving safety and security, creating                                                                                   as a space that will be ‘stumbled upon’
a greater range of recreational options                                                                                   by visitors and much used by locals.
for inner-city residents and a reinforced                                                                                   The project, a joint initiative of the
sense of memory and identity.                                                                                             City of Cape Town and the Cape Town
  For example, the upgrading of the                                                                                       Partnership, is an example of public-
squares will transform the city from a                                                                                    private partnerships with surrounding
place dominated by motor vehicles to
                                                                                                                          businesses        and       stakeholders.
one that has a better balance between
                                                                                                                          Agreements to fund the later phases
motorists, pedestrians and cyclists (see
p.26).                                                                                                                    of the project have been given and
  An improved public environment will                                                                                     further development on the square
also help make the city’s street life                                                                                     should occur soon.
more vibrant. Having more people use
these areas will in turn improve safety                                                                                     St Andrews Square
and security. Too often public spaces
become neglected and abandoned
                                                                                                                            St Andrews Square was originally
areas that facilitate anti-social activities;
                                                                                                                          planned as an urban space and
they do not accommodate a wide range
of uses and are not used intensively                                                                                      pedestrian connection from the CBD
throughout the day and evening.                                                                                           to the Waterfront and broader Green
  The upgrading of these public spaces                                                                                    Point area. This echoes the historic
incorporates elements of our past to                                                                                      use of this space as a forecourt to
reinforce a sense of place, memory                                                                                        the St Andrews Presbyterian Church
and identity, and to protect and The three public squares undergoing improvement are spaced throughout central – which still exists – along which also
celebrate the city’s unique character Cape Town.
                                                                                                                          ran the old tramlines into Green Point.
and qualities.
                                                                                                               However, the vision for the square was expanded
  A range of economic activities are encouraged
on the squares, from cafés and specialist markets,
                                                          Church Square                                      after the discovery of the remains of some
to concerts, exhibitions and cultural performances.                                                          5 000 graves at two construction sites in nearby
                                                          Church Square has been converted from a
The intention is not just to generate income to         parking lot to an active public square, designed to  Green Point.
maintain the spaces, but also to make the central city  accommodate a range of functions and uses.             After a lengthy process of appeal, a ministerial
a place that is inclusive, safe, inviting and exciting.   The rich cultural history of the square, with the  instruction was given to the City of Cape Town
  The recent increase in inner-city residential         Slave Lodge and the Groote Kerk on its edges, was    to find an appropriate site within the Green
development has created a need for more                 a strong design influence. Later, a memorial will be Point area for the re-interment of the bones and
recreational spaces in the CBD. The squares             constructed to celebrate slave history.              a memorial garden. The graves are believed to
provide an opportunity for social exchange that           Several new residential buildings surround the
                                                                                                             be 17th and 18th century burial grounds for the
is not possible in small, urban apartments. These       square, which will provide opportunities for social
spaces will also revive streets that were previously                                                         city’s poor, including sailors, slaves, servants and
                                                        activity: there will be restaurants, markets, events
abandoned after working hours.                          and exhibitions, as well as simple benches from      indigenous people.

2                                                     SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT
                                                                                                              Completed work on St Andrews Square.

The City’s plan for the Grand Parade, with details of parking and plantings.                                  An artist’s impression of the completed Church Square.

  The City, together with the South African                 Grand Parade                                           food festivals, supervised youth activities and
Heritage Resources Agency, the District Six                                                                        competitions or similar events. The Parade’s scale
                                                              The Grand Parade Precinct Revitalisation process
Museum, the Prestwich Place Project Committee                                                                      and grandeur, the result of its historic context and
                                                            aims to tackle the rundown state of the Parade and
and Heritage Western Cape, has since forged a                                                                      setting, will make it the first public space of its kind
                                                            create a space that will meet the needs of its many
partnership to facilitate an appropriate process                                                                   for the City.
                                                            users. The design will focus on improving the space
to honour these ancestors of the city. A project                                                                     The project planning and stakeholder consultation
                                                            and linkages with the surrounding area, as well as
to develop a re-interment facility (ossuary) and                                                                   phase has begun and work on the first phase is
                                                            providing increased opportunities for pedestrian
a visitors’ centre is under way, and a memorial                                                                    intended to start by July 2007.
                                                            and tourist activity.
garden is being designed. The memorial garden                 The removal of parking, to make way for a
will be designed as a blank ‘canvas’ which will be          ‘people’s place’, has been suggested as a way to
able to receive memorials and sculptures beyond             make the space a multi-functional one that can
the completion of the project.                              accommodate trading, sporting events, music,

       For more information, please contact Cedric Daniels: Manager of the Urban Design Branch,
                      on 021 400 2492 or email:

                                                            SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT                                                                                        2
Volume 1/07 • February 2007

      City really moving on non-motorised transport
                                                                                     Funding has recently been approved for 14 new NMT projects, which
                                                                                     include the improvement of pedestrian access to Nolungile and
                                                                                     Nonquebela Station, provision of pedestrian and cycle facilities
                                                                                     along a section of Spine Road in Khayelitsha, Bosduif/Petunia
                                                                                     Street and Hazel Road in Silvertown, Liesbeeck Parkway in
                                                                                     Mowbray, Cape Town CBD, NY1, Emms Drive and NY3 in
                                                                                     Guguletu, Salt River and Woodstock Station Precinct and the
                                                                                     provision of a pedestrian bridge in Heideveld.
                                                                                       “Our strategy is to focus on areas in the City where there is
                                                                                     already a concentration of trips less than 8km, such as around
                                                                                     schools, CBDs and transport interchanges,” says Japhta. “In
                                                                                     other words, we are building NMT facilities where there is
                                                                                     already a need, before trying to ‘create’ a market.”
                                                                                       Nevertheless, the City is giving that market a push by working
                                                                                     with organisations such as the BEN to educate people about
                                                                                     cycling, to market the concept and to work with communities to
                                                                                     “create a passion” for two-wheeled transport.
        Cape Town, along with other South African cities, took part for
        the first time in international car-free day on 22 September.
        More than 200 cyclists commuted to work along the main road
        from Rosebank to the City, accompanied by Mayor Helen Zille
        and Andrew Wheeldon of the Bicycle Empowerment Network
        (BEN), a lobby group that aims to raise awareness about the
        benefits of non-motorised transport for health, poverty allevia-
        tion and the environment.

             ape Town’s plan for non-motorised transport (NMT) has won
             international awards, but City Transport has no intention of
             resting on its laurels.
        Maddie Mazaza, the City’s director of Transport, is proud of the work
     done to ensure that these plans are translated into action. “We know
     that citizens grow tired of hearing about plans, plans, plans. But our
     plans are good and comprehensive – and at least half of our projects are
     already being implemented.”
        And with its 14 new NMT projects, Cape Town is moving rapidly
     towards its goal of being a city “where people feel free to walk and           Councillor Elizabeth Thompson, the Mayoral Committee member for
                                                                                    Transport, Roads and Stormwater, celebrated an event to promote the
     cycle, space is shared and everyone has access to urban opportunities
                                                                                    use of NMT in the City by testing a bike cart intended for shopping,
     and mobility”.                                                                 carting water or transporting goods. She is being towed by Louis de
        Non-motorised transport can address many environmental issues               Waal, Chairman of BEN.
     in cities, says Daniel Japhta, the head of Universal Access and Non-
                                                                                  The objectives of the City’s NMT strategy are to:
     Motorised Traffic. Urban sprawl is a major contributor to higher transport
                                                                                  • Increase cycling as a mode of travel
     energy consumption and emissions. However, non-motorised transport,
                                                                                  • Create confident and secure pedestrians and cyclists
     although a sustainable form of transport, is not yet given the recognition
                                                                                  • Develop a high quality, attractive and dignified environment
     it needs.
                                                                                  • Promote a culture that accepts the use of bicycles and walking as
        The City’s vision is therefore to “increase cycling and encourage
                                                                                    viable means of moving around in the City
     walking by creating a safe and pleasant bicycle and pedestrian network
                                                                                  • Integrate land-use development appropriately suited for NMT
     of paths to serve all the citizens in Cape Town”.
                                                                                  • Promote social and economic empowerment through improved NMT
        Already 90km of bicycle paths are spread throughout the City, such as
                                                                                  • Promote a safer road environment that allows NMT users their fair
     between Ocean View and Kommetjie, and Khayelitsha and Klipfontein.
                                                                                    share of the available road space

2                                                                   TRANSPORT
  City Transport is working with urban
developers to raise awareness of and
respect for non-motorised transport
– hence the 10 bicycle stands at the
newly completed Church Square in
Cape Town’s CBD.
  The bicycle pictured is one of four
commuter bikes purchased by the
City from the Bicycling Empowerment
Network and branded in City colours.
City staff are able to use these bikes
during working hours for activities
such as going to meetings, delivering
documents or even buying lunch!
  Daniel Japhta says it took him a
mere seven minutes by bike to get to
Wale Street from his office in the Civic   The City’s proposed bicycle routes through Long and Loop streets, to the sporting precinct in Green Point
Centre. “I was so energised when I got     and the Waterfront.
in there and ready for action.” He had
no problems looking for parking, of
course – he simply took his bike into
the building with him!

          For more information, contact Daniel Japhta, head of Universal Access and
       Non-Motorised Traffic on 021 400 4722 or email:

                                                        TRANSPORT                                                                                      27
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

                                         Less is always more
             The wise use of waste means more costs savings,
         more environmental preservation and more social benefits

         re you sure that there is nothing more you can do in your               and information on waste minimisation, and encourage each other to improve
         organisation to prevent waste of resources? Has someone conducted       process efficiency, save money and reduce their environmental impact.
         a complete survey of all the costs of the waste streams and emis-        Minimisation means the prevention or reduction of waste and emissions
sions in your organisation? And are you absolutely sure that your organisa-      by taking preventive measures at the source (prevention is better than cure).
tion makes the best possible use of energy, water, raw and auxiliary material    Waste minimisation leads to a more economical consumption of raw materials,
consumption?                                                                     and a reduction in energy and water consumption. In many organisations and
 No? Then it’s time for you to make a plan of action to waste more wisely…       industries there are a number of opportunities to prevent waste and emissions
 The City of Cape Town’s waste minimisation programme, WasteWise, is             and achieve environmental and financial benefits.
moving into its third phase of action. And Waste Minimisation Clubs, in local     Waste Minimisation results in a number of benefits:
businesses, organisations and industries, play a vital role in the wise use of    • Economic benefits by increased efficiency and quality;
waste.                                                                            • Environmental benefits, with reduced waste emissions;
 A Waste Minimisation Club is a concept first developed in the Netherlands        • Social benefits – such as improved company morale and communication,
about 15 years ago, to encourage industries to reduce waste and pollution. It         and reduced health and labour risks.
involves a small number of organisations or departments, usually within the       And research has shown that cost savings and improved environmental
same geographical area, that work together on a voluntary basis to share ideas    performance can be achieved without major investments.

          For more information, please contact Leander van Oordt, Solid Waste on 021 400 2292
                              or email:

2                                                       WASTE MANAGEMENT
                               Reduce your building’s ‘footprint’
                               City guidelines on the cards for green buildings

                                     uildings and housing developments need not be detrimental to our natural or human
                                     environment: it is perfectly possible to build in a way that has a small environmental
                                     footprint, while providing spaces that are comfortable, efficient, attractive and
                              appropriate to local conditions.
                                The City’s departments of Town Planning and Environmental Resource Management have
                              therefore proposed that Cape Town adopt a Green Building Guideline to provide best practice
                              examples on the design, construction and operation of new or renovated buildings. The
                              guideline would include practical tools to encourage green buildings, reference material and
                              resource directories of expert professionals and suppliers, and an easy-to-read brochure.
                                “Already the current constraints on the provision of electricity in the Western Cape and the
                              recent water restrictions in Cape Town highlight the need for looking at alternative ways to
                              ensure that we reduce our dependency on these resources,” says Grace Stead, project manager
                              for the development of the green building guideline.
                                “Through promoting the construction of buildings that have a smaller impact on our natural
                              resources and promoting the use of solar water heaters and renewable technologies, we will
                              support a more sustainable future for our City.”
                                Incorporating principles of sustainable living into the design, construction, renovation and
                              operating cycles of new or renovated buildings offers designers and developers a unique
                              opportunity to minimise the environmental impact of a development at little or no cost, adds
                              Stead. Many sustainable interventions can actually save money for developers and operators,
                              especially in water and electricity charges.
                                ‘Green Building’ or ‘Eco Design’ is a philosophy which embraces the idea that the built
                              environment need not be detrimental to the natural or human environments. It aims
                              to minimise the negative impact that building and development has on the biophysical
                              environment (a building’s ‘environmental footprint’), while providing living and work spaces
                              that are comfortable, efficient, attractive and appropriate to local conditions. It is intended that
                                                                               the guideline be used by officials, practitioners
                                                                               (such as designers, developers and builders),
                                                                               businesses and private individuals.
                                                                                 Through the Integrated Metropolitan
                                                                               Environmental Policy (IMEP), the City of Cape
                                                                               Town already aims to reduce our human causes
                                                                               of climate change by promoting the sustainable
                                                                               use of energy and by identifying communities
                                                                               and ecosystems most vulnerable to the impact
                                                                               of climate change.
                                                                                 The Green Building Guideline and Solar
                                                                               Water Heater Bylaw (see p.16) will support the
                                                                               implementation of these agreements, policies
                                                                               and strategies. The guidelines will eventually
                                                                               be supported by implementation tools such as
                                                                               by-laws and stipulations in the integrated zoning
                                                                               scheme and building control regulations.

                                                                               Sustainable Energy Africa’s offices in Steenberg
                                                                               have been built using green building guidelines.

For more information, please contact Grace Stead, Local Agenda 21 Coordinator,
           on 021 938 8422 or email:

                    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT                                                                                  2
 Volume 1/07 • February 2007

   Mfuleni leaks project a watershed for Cape Town

       he City of Cape Town’s Water Services
       directorate has saved millions of litres of
       water a month by improving water-conser-
vation awareness and practices among home-
owners in Mfuleni.
   The goal of the Mfuleni Integrated Water Leaks
Repair Pilot Project was a leak-free, afford-
able, equitable and sustainable water supply in
Mfuleni. In addition, the project aimed to:
• ensure that households consumed only what
      they needed and what they could afford;
• use the lessons learnt from this pilot to roll
      out the Integrated Water Leaks Project to
      areas in the City that needed it.
   Mfuleni consists of about 8 000 households
(formal and site-and-service), of which about 4
500 are billed.
As a result of the project, which concluded at the
end of July, average consumption dropped from
18,9 kilolitres per household a month to 11,4
kilolitres – a saving of 7,5 kilolitres per house-
hold a month. The total domestic consumption
dropped from an average of 147 megalitres a
                                                                         Trained community liaison officers from
month to 89 megalitres a month, a saving of                              Mfuleni educate residents on how to identify,
58 megalitres a month, or 40%.                                           stop and repair water leaks.
   More than 1 000 homeowners signed an agree-
ment with the City to become responsible water
users and maintain use within expected norms.
Those who kept this up for six months will have
their water and sewer arrears written off as bad
debt. They also agreed to settle their accounts
regularly and to pay for future repairs.
   During the course of the project, 20 community
liaison officers from Mfuleni were trained to iden-
tify water leaks and educate residents on how to
identify, stop and repair water leaks. They also
explained to people how to use less water.
   Sixteen people living in Mfuleni were trained
as plumbers. They then repaired the plumbing on
3 355 properties at the City’s expense. Of these
properties, 2 524 (75,2%) had toilet cistern leaks.
Ten leak-free cisterns were installed to monitor
their effectiveness for future projects.

             For more information, please contact Cathrine Wilson, Communications:
     Water Demand Management, on 021 761 0989 or email:

0                                                    WATER MANAGEMENT
            The plan for Die Oog
  The management plan for Die Oog has been endorsed
  by interested and affected organisations and commu-
  nity groups, as well as by City Parks and Cemeteries;
  Biodiversity Management; Environmental Management
  (including Heritage); and Stormwater Management.

  The plan is designed to ensure the site retains its historic
  and botanical significance and that those elements that
  require protection are not diminished or threatened. Key
  overall management objectives are:
  • to conserve the historic nature of the dam
      and tree avenue;
  • to rehabilitate the area in a manner sensi-
      tive to its historical and cultural context;
  • to conserve the biological diversity present
      at Die Oog;
  • to develop and enhance the area as a pro-
      tected habitat for indigenous birds; and
  • to enhance the functioning of Die Oog as
      part of the surrounding wetlands.
  • to develop Die Oog as a place of natural                             Grand vision
      beauty and recreation for generations to
      come; and
  • to communicate the heritage and botanical
                                                                         for Bergvliet’s
      significance of the site.
                                                                         Die Oog wetland

      he City of Cape Town, the Nature Conservation        transported quite a distance – they date back 150         presence of larger areas of remnant fynbos meant
      Corporation and the Friends of Die Oog have          years or more.                                            it was subsequently excluded from the network.
      begun work to clear and rehabilitate the wet-           After the initial clearing, the seasonal wetland          The Local Structure Plan for Bergvliet,
land area below Die Oog in Bergvliet, thanks to            will be reshaped by the City and the Working for          Meadowridge and Diep River classifies Die
funding received from the Rowland and Leta Hill            Wetlands programme will undertake a mass plant-           Oog as a regionally significant open space with
Trust at the end of August.                                ing of indigenous wetland plants.                         heritage significance. In terms of an archaeological
  Die Oog is a natural spring or ‘eye’ around which           Ultimately, this seasonal wetland will become          and historical impact assessment conducted earlier
a dam was built, about 230 years ago, to supply            more diverse: a home will be created for dragon-          this year, the site is regarded as a highly significant
the Bergvliet Farm with water. This fenced area of         flies, terrapins, frogs, mongooses, otters, wading        example of an urban site within a specific historical
1 2665ha incorporates a remnant area of granite            birds, kingfishers, vlei rats, owls, and many more        or cultural landscape.
fynbos vegetation (a critically endangered vegeta-         wetland creatures.                                           Friends of Die Oog was founded in 2003 to reha-
tion type endemic to the Western Cape), a season-             Workers clearing reeds at the site saw water           bilitate and restore Die Oog with the aid of grants
al wetland and a breeding site for the endangered          mongooses, mole snakes, Cape dwarf chameleons,            from the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund of the
Leopard Toad. Die Oog is surrounded by houses,             yellow-billed kites and an ‘alien’ painted reed frog      United States and the Rowland and Leta Hill Trust,
public open space and a wetland corridor.                  (such creatures occur naturally along the Garden          managed by the World Wide Fund for Nature South
  After clearing encroaching terrestrial vegetation        Route up the coast towards the Kruger National            Africa. The organisation has initiated a number of
such as reeds, workers found steps descending              Park).                                                    successful projects in collaboration with the City
from the dam wall down to the seasonal wetland.               The site was originally included in the City of Cape   of Cape Town’s departments of Environmental
The steps are slabs of slate, which must have been         Town Biodiversity Network, but its size and the           Management and Nature Conservation.

   For more information, please contact Natalie Newman of Environmental Management Services,
                  on 021 710 8049, or email:

                                                ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT                                                                                               1
Volume 1/07 • February 2007

 ERM staff volunteer at SANCCOB
 T  hree members of the Environmental Resource Management Department
    have volunteered to help the Southern African Foundation for the
 Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB), which recently rescued just over
 700 abandoned penguin chicks from Dyer Island.
   The parents had begun their annual moult while they still had dependent
 chicks. Once the moulting process begins, the parents are not waterproof,
 cannot fish and therefore cannot feed their chicks. Ultimately, the chicks
 would not have survived dehydration and starvation if they had not been
 rescued by SANCCOB.
   Ruth Richards, Paul Arends and Max Dingaan assisted with daily tasks and
 the feeding of the abandoned chicks for three months, until the penguins
 were old enough to be released back into the wild.
                                                                                  Max Dingaan, left, and Paul Arends, right, of the City’s ERM Department.

 BCA champion bags another award
 C    lifford Dorse, the area manager north for nature conservation, has proved
      yet again that passion is an essential part of doing a good job.
 In October he was awarded the CAPTRUST Award (in the individual
                                                                                    Dorse studied nature conservation at the Cape Technikon (as it was
                                                                                  known in 1997) and spent his internship year working with Dalton Gibbs,
                                                                                  the area manager south. In 1998 he managed the Zandvlei Estuary Reserve
 category) for environmental conservation, in “recognition of his important       and started the process of lobbying for nature reserve status. In 2003 he
 contribution to nature conservation in general, his passion for environmen-      started working at the newly founded BCA.
 tal education and the outstanding work he has done for the Blaauwberg              “The BCA is really a spectacular reserve – it can take quite a lot to achieve
 Conservation Area (BCA) and Zoar Vlei.”                                          success in nature conservation, but we’ve done so with this reserve and
   Earlier in 2006 Dorse received a Rotary Award, also in recognition of his      many others in the City (see pages 10 to 11). I know it sounds like a cliché,
 work in the BCA (see Enviroworks Vol 2/06, p.32).                                but I am passionate about biodiversity, and this keeps me motivated …!”

 Bellville South forum cleans up
 with emission-prevention award
 T   he Bellville South Environmental Forum (BELSEF) has received the 2006
     National Association for Clean Air Management Award for exceptional
 effort in reducing emissions in the Bellville South region.
                                                                                  officials became increasingly concerned about the elevated levels of air
                                                                                  pollution in Belville South. The proximity of an industial area, with its
                                                                                  fuel-burning appliances on site, was identified as the main source of this
   It was awarded in recognition of BELSEF’s effort in bringing air pollution     pollution.
 to the lowest possible levels.                                                     Working with the Concerned Residents Associaton of Belville South, Air
   The City of Cape Town’s Health Department is an important partner in           Pollution Control called a public meeting to discuss how the local industries
 BELSEF, as a founder member and as the provider of air-quality monitoring        could work together with the community and with local government to
 services and technical expertise.                                                reduce pollution in the area.
   BELSEF consists of various industries, public and residential organisa-          As a result of this meeting, BELSEF was established, bringing together
 tions, and government representatives (the City and the Western Cape).           community representatives, local government officials and representatives
 Its primary purpose is to promote environmental protection and public            of industries in the area. Representatives from the provincial government,
 health in the Bellville South area.                                              the national government and a local university also became members of
   The Forum was founded in 2000, after the City’s Air Pollution Control          the forum.

                                              Environmental Resource Management Department, City of Cape Town
                                                    44 Wale Street, Cape Town, PO Box 16548, Vlaeberg 8018
                                         Tel: +27 21 487 2319 Fax: +27 21 487 2255 E-mail:


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