How to Correctly Summarize a Chapter. This form will show you how to correctly summarize a chapter in the textbook. It is easy to do if you read the chapter first. The reason I say this to you is because many people feel that summarizing means copying sentences out of a book. This is a wrong assumption because copying someone’s words, exactly as they appear in a book, is called plagiarism. I do not want you to plagiarize because it is not acceptable in the academic world and you could fail. There are several ways to summarize a chapter. I am going to discuss only one form with you at this time. It is called the dash method of summarizing paragraphs The dash method of summarizing is very basic. All you have to do is read the paragraph and pull out the important information or idea from it. This information must be in your own words so that it makes sense to you when you read it over. (Some students try to find the best sentence to copy from the paragraph but they copy it exactly without understanding it.) I do not want you to do that. Instead, I want you to figure out what the paragraph is discussing and then write the information in your own words. Remember that a summary is only one or two sentences about a paragraph. You will find that, at first, it will be difficult to do this but with practice you will be successful. Below is an example of the correct way to summarize a paragraph. The information is from chapter 1-1 pages 4-6 in the old physical science book. This is homework as well so write the correct heading. Name Date/day Science 7-1__ Mr. Nudleman Chapter 1 Section 1 Summary, due 9/12/05 - When you look at your reflection in a spoon it will either be upside down or right side up depending on which side you look at. - Science is all about making observations, being curious, asking questions, and forming inferences. - Every day you experience the world of science by gaining knowledge and answering questions. - Physical science is the study of matter and energy. All objects are made up of matter and matter is the amount of space and volume an object takes up. - All matter has energy which is either stored or is used to help it move or change. - Chemistry is the study of how materials react when mixed and it is also the study of the materials that make up an object. - Physics is the study of how objects move using energy as well as the forces needed to make these objects move. - Physical Science can be used by all occupations including Architects (Chemistry and Physics), Chefs (Chemistry), Sanitation specialists (Physics), and other jobs. See page 10. As you can see this is a summary without copying directly out of the book. I expect that your summaries will be similar to this one. I know you will be successful and ask me questions if you need help.