Goal: To teach students how to create complex sentences. It can also illustrate punctuation and show the difference between complicated sentences and run-ons. I used sentences from literary works as exercises. Instructions: Using each group of sentences, compose a complex sentence. The thicket was dark. The thicket was warm. I found the gravediggers. (IN WHICH) The gravediggers were at work. The sky was overcast. Possible answer: The thicket in which I found the gravediggers at work was dark and warm, the sky overcast. He had crossed the room. He drew up a chair. He sat at a corner of the table. He was between Sylvester and the rich man. This was without a nod of greeting. This was without a change in his set face. He face was gray. Possible answer: When he had crossed the room he drew up a chair and sat at a corner of the table, between Sylvester and the rich man, without a nod of greeting or a change in his set, gray face. Instructions: Break this complicated sentence into a few simple sentences, like the ones above. Show the hierarchy/relationship between the details (indent when the sentence supports the main sentence). We saw dozens of chuckwallas scurrying from perfectly good hiding places, rushing across our path and trying to hide between or under rocks, digging frantically. Possible answers: We saw dozens of chuckwallas. They were scurrying from hiding places. The hiding places were perfectly good. They were rushing across our path. They were trying to hide between rocks. They were trying to hide under rocks. They were digging frantically. In its death throes, the Sun will slowly pulsate, expanding and contracting once every few millennia, eventually spewing its atmosphere into space in one or more concentric shells of gas. Possible answer: Something will happen in its death throes. The Sun will slowly pulsate. It will expand once every few millennia. It will contract once every few millennia. It will eventually spew its atmosphere. The spewing will be into space. The spewing will be in one or more concentric circles.